"Spaces of experience and horizons of expectation": the implications of extreme weather events, past, present and future

Lead Research Organisation: University of Nottingham
Department Name: Sch of Geography

Abstract

Predicting the climate of the future and determining how different communities might be affected by and respond to climate change has become an issue of global importance. There is growing concern over the impacts of interannual climate variability and anomalous and 'extreme' weather events such as droughts, floods, storm events and unusually high or low temperatures. While social and economic systems have generally evolved to accommodate some deviations from 'normal' weather conditions, this is rarely true of extremes. For this reason, such events can have the greatest and most immediate social and economic impact of all climate changes.

Yet extreme weather events are as much social texts as material occurrences - as well as being biophysical events, they are also socially and culturally constructed and interpreted. Geographical context influences how individuals and communities experience the natural world. Different regional circumstances, particular physical conditions, an area's social and economic activities and embedded cultural knowledges, norms, values, practices and infrastructures all affect community experiences, reactions and responses to extreme weather. The impact of extreme weather may even vary between individuals, depending on a multitude of factors, which are in turn informed by cultural and historical experiences.

The way in which an extreme event is experienced and perceived determines whether it becomes inscribed into the memory of a community or an individual in the form of oral history, ideology, custom, behaviour, narrative, artefact, technological and physical adaptation, including adaptations to the working landscape and built environment. These different forms of remembering and recording the past represent central media through which information on past events is curated, recycled and transmitted across generations. In this regard, experience or awareness of unusual or extreme events can effectively condition how people comprehend and respond to the problems of risk and uncertainty with respect to the timing and impact of extreme events in the future.

The construction of regionally specific climatic histories and historical extreme weather events, and investigations of the memories of and responses to these events, must form a crucial component of any research that seeks to understand the nature of events that might take place in the future. These histories are also important if we are to be able to assess how different communities in different contexts might be affected by, comprehend and respond to future events. The purpose of the proposed project, therefore, is to examine the nature, timing and socio-economic and cultural consequences of, and responses to, climatic extremes in the UK. This will be achieved through a series of case study-based investigations across the UK and will cover an extended period between 1700 and the present. This study will employ a combination of archival investigation and oral history approaches in order to construct episodes of extreme weather and to explore whether and how these events affected the lives of local people and became inscribed into the cultural fabric and social memory of selected local communities within the case study regions. We will also explore how the recording of these events has changed overtime and is still changing.

The project will work in concert with a number of non academic partners whose roles necessitate an understanding of the history of extreme events and their cultural implications. Specifically we will collaborate with English Heritage and the Meteorological Office through their Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions Over the Earth (ACRE) initiative. The project will help both institutions better appreciate the cultural implications of extreme weather in the regions and communities within which they operate and the ways in which they might anticipate future impacts in their work.

Planned Impact

This research project recovers and integrates evidence that will provide a comprehensive history of extreme weather events and their cultural implications in different case study regions of the UK. The results will be of benefit to a wide range of potential users, including the private sector, government agencies, policy makers, the public sector and the wider public. Our weather and climate histories will feed directly into related data repositories and initiatives, including those managed by our partners on this application, the Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) (http://www.met-acre.org/) initiative of the Meteorological Office. We will help ACRE in its mission to facilitate the recovery, extension, quality control and consolidation of global historical terrestrial and marine instrumental surface data covering the last 250 years.

Understanding the implications of extreme weather on the UK's historic environment, its buildings, gardens and working landscapes is a priority concern for English Heritage, another of our project partners. Our work on the impacts of events on the built and natural environment will yield information fundamental for planning future adaptation strategies for the UK's built infrastructure. It will feed into English Heritage initiatives on these themes, including their statements on Climate Change and the Historic Environment and their "Climate Change and Your Home" website.

This research will be of benefit to the RGS-IBG and its members by contributing case study material to its 'Teaching and Learning Resources for Schools' and for the'Climate4Classrooms'initiative - a project designed to draw together leading experts, teachers, young people, both nationally and internationally, to increase local knowledge about climate and climate change. We will focus on the development of interactive project resources, which will provide students with a toolkit for undertaking their own research on cultural inscription of climate change impacts.

Our contacts include private sector organisations with interests in the history of extreme weather events. Project results will be made available to the British Hydrological Society and specifically their free-access Chronology of British Hydrological Events project, which includes over 8000 accounts of pre-instrumental hydrological events from around the UK. The project applicants also have links with the Environment Agency, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency and will forge links with the new Natural Resources Body for Wales (as from April 2013), responsible in England, Scotland and Wales respectively for helping organisations adapt to flooding and droughts. The regionally specific information on extreme events and their impacts, and on changing public perceptions of risk, will contribute to their climate change adaptation strategies. Other non-academic beneficiaries include the Health Protection Agency (HPA) which advises on health implications of extreme weather events such as the flooding in the South West in 2007.

The outcomes of this project will be of interest to third sector community and enthusiast groups. The PI and Co-Is have strong links with amateur meteorological and natural history organisations and there are opportunities for publicising this research through their websites, bulletins and journals. The project will contribute to LlenNatur's ('Nature Lore') free-access chronology of weather accounts from Wales. Other community groups that will benefit from the research findings include local resilience fora in each of the case study regions, including Nottingham/Nottinghamshire Local Resilience Forum; NHSScotland Resilience Forum; Norfolk Prepared; Wales Resilience; and Devon, Cornwall & Isles of Scilly Local Resilience Forum. The project will provide these groups with information on local places at risk from extreme events and evidence of past, and insights into future community responses to those events.

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
AH/K005782/1 30/11/2013 31/12/2016 £848,683
AH/K005782/2 Transfer AH/K005782/1 01/04/2017 30/09/2017 £39,340
 
Title Commissioned play-"The Storm Officer" 
Description Inspired by the extreme weather database (TEMPEST), The Storm Officer is a rich journey, and an entertainment, which weaves together story, songs, strange characters, a thousand years of extreme weather and real experiences from the Cumbrian floods of December 2015. The performance has been specially commissioned by Georgina Endfield and Lucy Veale as part of their 'Weather Extremes' exhibition at the Weston Gallery. It has been written by Matt Black www.matt-black.co.uk. The Storm Officer will be performed for the first time on 17th March, 2017. Wild Stories and Songs of Extreme Weather written by Matt Black Fri 17 Mar 1.30pm-2.45pm Djanogly Theatre Admission Free 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact At the time of writing the performance has yet to take place. 
URL http://www.lakesidearts.org.uk/special-events/event/3399/the-storm-officer.html
 
Title Weather Extremes Exhibition 
Description Georgina Endfield and Lucy Veale curated an exhibition on extreme weather histories at the Weston Gallery, LakeSide Arts Centre, Nottingham, 16th Dec- March 26th. This exhibition uses the materials held by the University of Nottingham's Manuscripts and Special Collections to explore the history of extreme weather events in Nottinghamshire and the surrounding areas. Key events in Nottinghamshire's weather history will be featured: floods, droughts, storms, extremes of temperature and other strange atmospheric happenings (some well-known, others long-forgotten). Archival sources reveal how extreme weather affected daily life in the city of Nottingham and the wider county, the impact it had on different groups in society, their responses to it and which events entered the public memory. At the time of writing the exhbition has ben visited by in excess of 4500 people since opening on 16th December 2016. The display also explores the contributions of Nottinghamshire people to the extreme weather archive and to the wider development of the science of meteorology. The exhibition materials not only illustrate the diversity of documentary records available for extreme weather history in the UK, but also serve to demonstrate the changing nature of weather recording and weather records over time. Visitors have been be invited to share their own weather memories. There are three public talks linked to the exhibition which Georgina and Lucy have coordinated There is also a play, entitled The Storm Officer, written by Matt Black and commissioned by Georgina and Lucy as part of the exhibition activities. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Public engagement with local weather histories and sharing of weather memories. The exhibition is still running but we will analyse the visitor book for responses as soon as the exhibition closes. 
URL http://www.lakesidearts.org.uk/exhibitions/event/3356/weather-extremes-making-and-breaking-records-i...
 
Description This grant is still ongoing and has been extended till July 2017. So far we have managed to find, transcrobe and enter close to 20,000 references to unusual and extreme weather events complete with information about their impacts and the responses they engered across the UK. This has bene entered into a publicly accessible database- TEMPET (Tracking extremes of meteorological phenomena experienced in space and time) which we designed as part of the project.
Exploitation Route we are still developing these as the project is not yet complete but we produced a public exhibition on Weather narratives which will opened in December 2016 at the Weston Gallery of the Lakeside Arts Centre, Nottingham. Thisis running till April 2017 after which time it will be converted into an on line exhibition. We have also commissioning a series of weather writings and poems which will form an anthology of weather writing. This is also being staged as a performance- The Storm Officer' on 17th March 2017 at the Weston Gallery, Nottingham, We are working in conjunction with poet and writer Matt Black on this work.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

 
Description This is still in development but this project is being used as the basis for a public weather exhibition to be opened in December 2016 at the Lakeside's Weston Gallery, Nottingham. We are also working with poet Matt Black in the development of a series of popular weather writing and poems, to be completed in August 2016. These are based on the findings of the project work which is still being completed.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
 
Title Tempest data base (public interface) 
Description We have been developing a public facing version of the TEMPEST database, a unique data base of over 15000 descriptions and accounts of historical extreme weather events which have affected the UK between the 1650s and the present day. The database is searchable by date, event type, place, impact and response as well as the author of particular documents. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database was requested by Historic England who were compiling a report on the impact of extreme weather on heritage assets along the UK coastline. The database is being used by the Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) to develop a second of educational resources for Geography teaching in schools 
URL http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/geography/extreme-weather/search/index2.php
 
Title Tempest database 
Description This is a data base we are creating for our project that will be used for storage and analysis during the project and which will be launched as a publically accessible data base towards the end of the project 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This is still in process 
 
Description Collaboration with Royal Geographical Society with the INstitute of British Geographers 
Organisation Royal Geographical Society
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution We are providing material which will be used for the preparation of educational resources for Geography teaching in Schools
Collaborator Contribution They are helping to identify the most appropriate material and case study material for use in educational resources
Impact This is still in development
Start Year 2013
 
Description Collaboration/ Partnership 
Organisation Royal Geographical Society
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Collaboration with the Royal Geographical Society on project, 'Cultural Spaces of Climate' and 'Weather walks and weather talks' project.
Collaborator Contribution We worked collaboratively with the RGS_IBG on the development of a guided audio walk. The RGS produced the walk for us as part of their Discovering Britain initiative. http://www.discoveringbritain.org/
Impact The project resulted in the development of a 'weather walk' for the RGS-IBG's Discovering Britain initiative, which aims to assist in raising awareness among the general public of the landscapes ( and their histories) of the UK. Our walk was focused on the landscape and climate history of Great Dun Fell, Cumbria
Start Year 2011
 
Description Working in a partnership with the Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Globe (ACRE), part of the Meteorological Office 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Department Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We are sharing knowledge on the rescue and transcription of historical documents revealing information about historical extreme weather events
Collaborator Contribution ACRE are helping in the identification of sources of information of value to both us and them
Impact This research project recovers and integrates evidence that will provide a comprehensive history of extreme weather events and their cultural implications in different case study regions of the UK. The results will be of benefit to a wide range of potential users, including the private sector, government agencies, policy makers, the public sector and the wider public. Our weather and climate histories will feed directly into related data repositories and initiatives, including those managed by our partners on this application, the Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) (http://www.metacre. org/) initiative of the Meteorological Office. We will help ACRE in its mission to facilitate the recovery, extension, quality control and consolidation of global historical terrestrial and marine instrumental surface data covering the last 250 years.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Working with HIstoric England 
Organisation English Heritage
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution we are sharing information about the relationship between extreme weather past and present and the built environment
Collaborator Contribution They are actiing in advisory capacity
Impact Understanding the implications of extreme weather on the UK's historic environment, its buildings, gardens and working landscapes is a priority concern for English Heritage, another of our project partners. Our work on the impacts of events on the built and natural environment will yield information fundamental for planning future adaptation strategies for the UK's built infrastructure. It will feed into English Heritage initiatives on these themes, including their statements on Climate Change and the Historic Environment and their "Climate Change and Your Home" website.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Appearance on Central TV Weather News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact To coincide with the launch of the Weather Extremes exhibition we were invited to appear on Central TV evening weather news with Des Coleman. He recorded the weather news from the exhibition and Lucy and I featured in thie short piece. We introduced the exhibition during the slot.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Appearance on Radio New Zealand 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Members of the project team- Georgina Endfield and Lucy Veale- were invited to participate in a media interview on Radio New Zealand's evening show to discuss the extreme weather project- Spaces of Experience and Horizons of Expectation: the implications of extreme weather events, past, present and future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Article in the Postgraduate Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Article on the prohect work being conducted as part of the "Spaces of experience, horizons of Expectation: the implications of extreme weather events, past, present and future" project. This appeared in the University of Nottingham's School of Geography postgraduate newsletter
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description BBC Weather News feature 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A piece about some of the images featured in the Weather Extremes Exhibition was written by BBC writers and appeared on the BBC Weather News website. It appeared first on the BBC New (Nottingham site) and then featured on the main national weather page later the same day (14th/15th/16th Dec 2016)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-nottinghamshire-38301949
 
Description C3W public lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked discussion and questions

Raised awareness among the general public of the project but also more generally of the historicla nature of extreme weather in Wales
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://c3wales.org/event_details/public-lecture-cerys-jones-sarah-davies/
 
Description Cambridge visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact On 21 January 2016 Georgina Endfield presented an invited seminar/ talk entitled "Wondrous signs of wondrous times": cultural histories of extreme weather events in the UK, at the Department of Geography seminar series, University of Cambridge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Care for the Future ECR conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Lucy Veale and James Bowen presented on 'Weather and the great estate: "The all engrossing matter"' paper presentation at at the Past Matters AHRC Care for the Future ECR Conference, London, 12-13 Dec. Georgina Endfield, Lucy Veale and James Bowen were also members of the steering committee for the conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Community open day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of the University of Nottingham's Community Open Day- Mayfest- we held a special workshop focusing on the Weather 'on this day' in years gone by.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/mayfest/index.aspx
 
Description Exhibition talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of our rpoject we have curated an Exhibition on Weather Extremes: Making and Breaking Records in Nottinghamshire at the Weston Gallery, Lakeside Arts Centre, University of Nottingham. This exhibition which draws on original archive work conducted as part of the extreme weather project. As part of the exhibition the Georgina Endfield and Lucy Veale coordinated three exhibition talks and a commissioned play- The Storm Officer. We delivered the first talk: "What will become of the turnips? Archival investigations of extreme weather events in the UK". This talk was delivered on 12th January 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.lakesidearts.org.uk/exhibitions/event/3357/and-what-becomes-of-the-turnips-archival-inves...
 
Description Exhibition talk 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was the second talk ins a series of three presented as part of the Weather Extremes Exhibition at the Weston Gallery, Lakeside Arts Centre, Nottingham. The lunchtime talk was presented by Professor Mike Hulme from King's College London and was entitled: "Whom Do We Blame for the Weather?". This event was coordinated in conjunction with the Exhibition by Georgina Endfield and Lucy Veale and attrracted a full house.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://tickets.lakesidearts.org.uk/single/PSDetail.aspx?psn=128077
 
Description Exhibition talk 3 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The third talk in the exhibtion series will be presented by Catherin Ross from the Meteorological Office LIbrary and Archive. It is entitled "From sorcery-to-super-computers the story of weather as told through a selection of treasures."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2017
URL http://www.lakesidearts.org.uk/exhibitions/event/3359/from-sorcery-to-super-computers-the-story-of-w...
 
Description Follow up Radio appearance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A second interview was invited for the Verity Cowley Show on BBC Radio Nottingham. This focused on weather extremes in Central England in years gone by.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description IHR talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact James Bowen and Lucy Veale presented on Weather extremes in early modern England, at the Tudor and Stuart seminar, Institute for Historical Research, London, 6th June 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International Conference of Historical Geography 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Convened double session on extreme weather memory at the International Conference of Historical Geographers, London

We have drawn together a proposal for an edited volume of the papers presented.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ichg2015.org/
 
Description Invited talk to the North Staffordshire Historians Guild, James Bowen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On 13th November 2015 PDRA James Bowen presented an invited talk to the North Staffordshire Historians Guild, James Bowen
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Limoges flood workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact On 1st October 2015, PDRA Marie Jeanne Royer on the Weather extremes project presented (by invitation) a paper at te workshop on Floods as Heritage: the Heritage Value of Floods; Limoges, France
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description MOAP poster presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The project team were invited to include a poster on our work for a meeting of the The Met Office Academic Partnership - a cluster of research excellence that brings together the Met Office and institutions who are among the leading UK Universities in weather and climate science (University of Exeter, University of Leeds, University of Oxford and University of Reading) through a formal collaboration to advance the science and skill of weather and climate prediction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/research/partnership
 
Description Practicing HIstorical Geography workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On 28th October 2015, Lucy Veale presented a talk on the Weather extremes work entitled Great British Weather: drought, flood, storm and tempest in the archive, The invited talk was part of the 21st Practising Historical Geography Conference, University of Sussex.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Public lecture, Cardigan Castle Talks, Guildhall, Cardigan. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sarah Davies and Cerys Jones, delivered a public lecture on November 28th 2013. This took place as part of the Cardigan Castle Talks, Guildhall, Cardigan and focused on 'Investigating historical weather extremes in Wales'. People were engaged thtough questions and discussion

Raising public awareness of the historical record of extreme weather in Wales
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.cardigancastle.com/cardigan-castle-autumn-talks
 
Description RAI Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Georgina Endfield, Lucy Veale and the project team coordinated a panel on 'Extreme weather history: Case studies from the UK and beyond', at the Royal Anthropological Institute Conference, Anthropology, Weather and Climate, British Museum, London. 27-29 May 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description RGS Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Georgina Endfield and Lucy Veale presented a paper on Future weather in session on 'Where next? Historical geographies of the future', RGS-IBG Annual Conference, London 30th August- 2nd Sept 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description RMetSoc NCAS conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Members of the project team coordinated and presented at a Workshop on 'Historical climatology and the societal implications of extreme weather' at the RMetS/NCAS Conference July 6-8, 2016, High Impact Weather and Climate, University of Manchester (coordinated by Georgina Endfield, Neil Macdonald, Sarah Davies and Lucy Veale). Contributions to sessions included a paper entitled 'High impact wind events without high winds' and 'Attribution of changes in extreme events', delivered by Lucy Veale. Full team poster presentations were also made.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Radio Interview BBC Radio Nottingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Georgina Endfield and Lucy Veale were interviewed at the Weather Extremes Exhibition by BBC Radio Nottingham's Breakfast show. The interview coincided with the launch of the exhibition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Radio appearance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presented aspects of our forthcoming research plans on the Paul Hudson Radio Show- BBC Radio

Interest from the general public in our research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) Schools Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Georgina Endfield presented a monday evening lecture/talk for secondary school pupils on the subject of extreme weather histories. This was held on monday 25th January 2017. The talk was part of a series run by the Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers Upwards of 400 students attented and there was a dialogue/ question session at the end. Georgina talked about some of the work invested in the production of the TEMPEST database produced as part of the project.
TEMPEST has a variety of potential educational uses. The project team is working alongside the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) to develop 'teaching guides' so that (geography) teachers can use the database in an age appropriate way in the following settings:
1. For primary (Key Stage 2) and lower secondary (Key Stage 3) to use alongside weather observations and teaching about the weather especially in a UK context, with a real focus on the local 'place'
2. For GCSE linking into the requirement for the new curriculum (from 2016 onwards) to include coverage of "Changing weather and climate - The causes, consequences of and responses to extreme weather conditions and natural weather hazards, recognising their changing distribution in time and space and drawing on an understanding of the global circulation of the atmosphere. The spatial and temporal characteristics, of climatic change and evidence for different causes, including human activity, from the beginning of the Quaternary period (2.6 million years ago) to the present day." The historical context of the database is particularly relevant here, especially as the new GCSE has to include greater coverage of the UK's geography in the following terms. "Geography of the UK - Knowledge and understanding of the UK's geography, both in overview and with some in depth study, to include its physical and human landscapes, environmental challenges, changing economy and society, the importance of cultural and political factors, and its relationships with the wider world. Much of this may be achieved by study in combination with other physical, human and environmental study topics, but students must also study the UK as a country and draw across physical and human characteristics to summarise significant geographical features and issues" (ref?)
3. For A Level the following areas
* An overview of the use of weather data in relation to the need for students to write their own 'individual investigation' - which must include the collection of primary data and its use in the context of secondary data too.
* An 'A Level Overview' briefing which we'd make available online around "culture, history and weather" which would allow A Level teachers (and their students) to understand weather and its impact and recording within cultural contexts - and the introduction of cultural geography within A Level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.rgs.org/NR/rdonlyres/BAAE47C9-840E-493A-BE54-C49D897BDBF7/27985/RGSIBGBulletinSpring2017W...
 
Description Talk in Benbecula 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On 30th September 2016 Simon Naylor and James Bowen presented 'Extreme weather on the edge of the world: School log books and Hebridean life', a talk by Simon Naylor and at the Museum nan Eilean (Uist and Barra), Benbecula, 7-9pm. This was an information sharing event with opportunities for sharing weather memories.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UWE talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Lucy Veale Presented a paper entitled "In consequence of the present distress for want of water": Archival investigations of the societal impact of historic droughts in the UK. This was a seminar presented for the Centre for Floods, Communities and Resilience,v University of the West of England, on 15th June 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description University of Liverpool, School of Environmental Sciences newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Short article about project fieldwork to the Hebrides as part of the Spaces of experience, horizons of expectation: the implications of extreme weather events in the UK, past, present and future
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Weather stories event, Derbyshire Records Office 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ON 14th June 2016 Georgina Endfield and Lucy Veale ran a 'Weather Stories' workshop and oral history event at the Derbyshire Record Office, Matlock, 1-3:30pm. The purpose was to share memories of extreme and unusual weather, learn more about the extreme weather project, and explore weather related materials from the Derbyshire archive and local studies library collections.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Weather talk in Hebrides 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On 14th June 2016 James Bowen and Simon Naylor presented a talk on 'Extreme weather on the edge of the world: School log books and Hebridean life' at Lews Castle Museum and Archive, Stornaway, 7:30-9:30pm. This was intended as an information sharing event with a public audience who also shared weather memories.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description William Bulkeley Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This event took place on 19th and 20th September, Llanfechell, Anglesey. Sarah Davies and Cerys Jones gave a presentation on behalf of project and the Climate Change Consortium of Wales: 'What can Mr Bulkeley's diaries tell us about climate change?' The talk stimulated discussion, question and engagement

The event was targeted at a range of publics but also school children and children engaged in various activities associated with the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://vimeo.com/107412330