AHRC-NSF MOU: Alternative Accountabilities for Past Human Rights Abuses

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Area Studies

Abstract

Countries around the world have crafted innovative strategies to hold perpetrators accountable for past human rights violations. In fact, "transitional justice" mechanisms have become the major policy innovation of the late twentieth and early twenty-first century to reduce human rights violations and strengthen democracy. The practice of transitional justice has spawned a field of study of great interest to policy makers, scholars, and civil society. To date, however, systematic and cross-national studies in this field have focused on three main mechanisms—criminal trials, truth commissions, and amnesties—and their impact on human rights and democracy. Many other mechanisms, however, are widely used. Scholars, policy makers, and advocates interested in the full impact of transitional justice mechanisms, therefore, lack the research and analysis of the complete array of those mechanisms and their effects.
The proposed AHRC-NSF Collaborative Funding Opportunity between Leigh Payne (University of Oxford) and Kathryn Sikkink (University of Minnesota) aims to fill that void by generating an empirically-tested theory concerning the impact of a full range of transitional justice mechanisms. To this end, they intend to add to their existing transitional justice database currently uncharted "alternative accountabilities" (i.e., civil trials, lustration and vetting, reparations, and customary justice). Because alternative accountabilities are often adopted to deal with the massive atrocities of civil war and the resulting social divisions, the PIs will also examine their impact on peace, in addition to democracy and human rights outcomes analysed in their previous work. The project will provide the first database that will facilitate research on the latest scholarly and policy question: do alternative accountabilities substitute or complement other transitional justice mechanisms in the effort to strengthen human rights protections, democracy, and peace?
The collaborators' prior research qualifies them to undertake this project. In the last half-decade, the PIs individually built the two most complete databases on transitional justice. Subsequently, and with support from AHRC-NSF, they began constructing a new, large-N database of the three main transitional justice mechanisms to determine what aspects of trials, truth commissions, and amnesties contribute to, or impede, improvements in human rights and democracy. The PIs are releasing preliminary findings from this research in their current scholarly work, as well as in presentations in policy form. They have also created a fully accessible and searchable database (available online in September 2012).
This proposed project aims to extend this earlier research, and to address emerging criticisms concerning the appropriateness, desirability, and effectiveness of criminal justice. While the PIs have found that trials are central to improvements in democracy and human rights, they have not found that countries necessarily follow a single transitional justice pathway. This leads them to probe the particular roles alternative accountabilities play around the world in advancing or constraining human rights, democracy, and peace outcomes. A set of theoretical arguments propose when, why, and how these alternative accountabilities are likely to improve outcomes either in isolation or in combination with trials and amnesties. As yet, no systematic data or research exists to answer these questions. The PIs' prior analysis leads them to hypothesize that, despite hopeful claims now circulating among area specialists, alternative accountabilities are likely to have a more positive impact on the specific outcomes of human rights, democracy, and peace when combined with prosecutions. The project will thus allow the PIs to further test their own and others' approaches to transitional justice, thereby contributing to scholarly debate and also to producing better information on transitio
 
Description We have found that four factors explain the capacity of countries to overcome impunity for past human rights violations in dictatorships and armed conflict: 1) international pressure, 2) domestic judicial leadership; 3) civil society demand for justice, and 4) weak veto players. Because not all factors are present or absent, there is variation in the type of overcoming accountability from the highest level of impunity, to accountability impasse, to creative circumvention of amnesty laws, to accountability. The new 'alternative accountability' mechanisms (e.g., reparations, truth commissions, customary justice, and civil trials) have not replaced the traditional ones, but supplemented them. These mechanisms remain underutilized compared with trials and amnesties.

We subsequently applied this framework to 'corporate accountability' to determine if the same four sets of factors explain restorative and retributive justice outcomes. We found that international pressure was a lot less significant for corporate accountability. We additionally determined that the context (favourable toward corporate accountability or not) proved significant. These findings are part of our new Cambridge University Press book (Transitional Justice and Corporate Accountability from Below).
Exploitation Route Our findings suggest that there is more room in the policy world to allow for amnesty laws since they provide leverage to states to end conflict and do not block accountability for gross human rights violations. We have already presented these findings to intrigued policy makers and practitioners. In our discussions with them they requested additional discussion of the impact of amnesties in armed conflict and also extending accountability efforts to non-state (business) actors complicit in past human rights violations. We are working on Follow-On -Funding for those projects.

We have also elaborated a set of accountability tools that can travel across borders to influence justice outcomes in additional countries. These tools have been used in roundtable discussions in Chile and elsewhere.
Sectors Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://transitionaljusticedata.com/
 
Description Our findings have been used in a discussion with the UN Mediation Unit, the Interamerican Commission on Human Rights, the International Center for Transitional Justice, and other human rights non-governmental organizations about the international norm against amnesty laws. Some of these practitioners have felt strongly that our findings could be used directly in their negotiations with armed groups to end conflict.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Closed discussion with members of the Argentine Foreign Office about the different models of corporate accountability of around the world and the leading role of Argentina in the field. In addition, the PI and the Foreign Office partnered to hold a confer
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Closed discussion with members of the Centre for Legal and Social Studies, CELS, in Buenos Aires about research strategies to advance civil and criminal trials related to business complicity.
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Consolidated a network with key advocacy groups in Argentina (CELS and ANDHES) and Colombia (Dejusticia) to promote public policy papers and reports, strategic litigation, amicus briefs, academic publications, and enhance visibility before international human rights bodies and public visibility.
 
Description Side event during the Second Session of the Open-ended Intergovernmental Working Group on Transnational Corporations and other Business Enterprises on Human Rights
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Special Hearings on Corporate Complicity in Human Rights Violations, Inter-American Commission of Human Rights
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Workshop on the challenges and opportunities of prosecuting economic actors for their involvement in grave human rights violations during armed conflicts and dictatorships
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Workshops and meetings with the Colombian Truth Commission
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Our collaborative work with the Truth Commission, as part of a working group that meets with the Commission periodically, has influenced the way in which the commission has designed a methodology to investigate corporate complicity as part of its three year mandate.
 
Description BA/Leverhulme Small Research Grant
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Funding ID SG122268 
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description Foundation to Promote Open Society
Amount $24,000 (USD)
Funding ID OR2014-17068 
Organisation Open Society Foundation, New York 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 11/2014 
End 03/2015
 
Description Institute of International Education
Amount $10,000 (USD)
Organisation Ford Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Kenya
Start 11/2014 
End 11/2014
 
Description John Fell Oxford University Press Research Fund
Amount £35,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 133/106 
Organisation University of Oxford 
Department John Fell Fund
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2014 
End 10/2015
 
Description John Fell Oxford University Press Research Fund
Amount £23,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 121/482 
Organisation University of Oxford 
Department John Fell Fund
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2013 
End 01/2014
 
Title Corporate Accountability and Transitional Justice Database 
Description The Corporate Accountability and Transitional justice database was created by joint efforts from the University of Oxford, ANDHES (NGO based in Argentina) and Dejusticia (NGO based in Colombia). It aims to track judicial and non-judicial responses to business complicity in human rights violations during dictatorships and armed conflicts throughout the world. It includes the so-called "industrialist" and slave labor cases in Nazi Germany up to the conflict in Colombia. In addition to mapping where accountability has occurred, the project further considers the type of accountability, and the outcome of those accountability processes for victims. The unit of analysis is business involvement in human rights violations during dictatorships and/or armed conflict. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The CATJ has been used by civil society to support policy proposals and strategic litigation. For example, in Colombia we worked together with Dejusticia, a local NGO, to produce a policy paper that uses the data in the CATJ to present a set of recommendations on how the truth commission should deal with the issue of business complicity with human rights violations committed during the armed conflict. In Argentina the data has been used by ANDHES to identify cases for strategic litigation. 
URL https://ahra.web.ox.ac.uk/corporate-accountability-transitional-justice
 
Title Transitional Justice Research Collaborative 
Description Transitionaljusticedata.com is meant for scholars and practitioners who wish to examine the causes and impacts of mechanisms that address human rights violations. Comprised of principal researchers from University of Oxford, University of Minnesota and Harvard University, the Transitional Justice Research Collaborative presents data on three primary transitional justice mechanisms-human rights prosecutions, truth commissions, and amnesties-for 109 democratic transitions in 86 countries around the world, from 1970-2012. While by no means complete, the dataset includes the most comprehensive single collection of information on these mechanisms for countries around the world. With the support of the National Science Foundation and the Arts and Humanities Research Council, the data were collected from a variety of sources by more than 25 coders over a three-year period. As we complete our data collection and data processing activities, additional data will be made publically available including new data on human rights prosecutions, vetting and reparations. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The website hosting the database https://transitionaljusticedata.com/ is open to the public and any researcher to use and browse. 
URL https://transitionaljusticedata.com/
 
Description Collaboration with ANDHES 
Organisation Foundation Lawyers and lawyers of the Argentine Northwest in Human Rights and Social Studies
Country Argentina 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution My research team and I at the University of Oxford contributed to the project with decisions about methodological approaches, data collection and data analysis; as well as giving visibility to the work of our partners and to the events and outputs from the collaboration.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners organised events, participated in data collection and analysis, are involved in litigating cases and identified relevant stakeholders
Impact policy papers, academic publications, workshops, conferences
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration with CELS in Argentina 
Organisation Center for Legal and Social Studies
Country Argentina 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution My research team at the University of Oxford has contributed to the design of research methodologies to investigate cases of business complicity with the dictatorship in Argentina; as well as coordinating public events to give visibility to the collaborative research and to the specific work that CELS does through strategic litigation of cases of complicity
Collaborator Contribution CELS has been a leader in Argentina bringing economic actors to account before domestic courts, for their role in past atrocities during the dictatorship. They have litigated the cases and opened spaces in Argentina to present our research and increase its impact
Impact Conferences; policy briefs
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with Dejusticia in Colombia 
Organisation Dejusticia - Law, Justice and Society Studies Center
Country Colombia 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution My team and I at the University of Oxford contributed our knowledge on methodological approaches to data collection to create databases of human rights violations by economic actors. We also participated in the design of the coding manual and instructions, trained coders and practitioners from Dejusticia to use coding tools that would facilitate data collection and data analysis. We also participated in the coding process. We actively participated writing a policy paper on the role of the truth commission in Colombia to investigate business complicity with the armed conflict.. We helped to give visibility to the findings of the project
Collaborator Contribution They participated in the data collection process, identifying the best sources of data to code and designing the coding manual. They participated in data analysis and writing the policy on the role of the truth commission in Colombia to investigate business complicity with the armed conflict. They organised the launch of this report as well as other events and meetings with relevant stakeholders in Colombia and in the Inter-American System of Human Rights.
Impact policy papers, conferences, workshops
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration with the University of Minnesota 
Organisation University of Minnesota
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Professors Leigh Payne (University of Oxford) and Kathryn Sikkink (University of Minnesota) have been awarded a second collaborative grant by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (UK) (Grant No. AH/K502856/1) and the National Science Foundation (USA) (Grant No. 1228519) in the summer of 2012 for a research project on Alternative Accountabilities for Past Human Rights Abuses. This collaborative project will add "alternative accountabilities" (i.e., civil trials, lustration and vetting, reparations, and customary justice) to the existing database of trials, truth commissions, and amnesties. Because alternative accountabilities are often adopted to deal with the massive atrocities of civil war and the resulting social divisions, the PIs will examine their impact on peace, in addition to the democracy and human rights outcomes analysed in their previous work. The project will provide the first database that will facilitate research on the latest scholarly and policy question: do alternative accountabilities substitute or complement other transitional justice mechanisms in the effort to strengthen human rights protections, democracy, and peace? The new project will allow the PIs to study the particular roles alternative accountabilities play around the world in advancing or constraining human rights, democracy, and peace outcomes, as well as if they do so in isolation or in combination with trials, truth commissions, and amnesties.
Collaborator Contribution Professors Leigh Payne (University of Oxford) and Kathryn Sikkink (University of Minnesota) have been awarded a second collaborative grant by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (UK) (Grant No. AH/K502856/1) and the National Science Foundation (USA) (Grant No. 1228519) in the summer of 2012 for a research project on Alternative Accountabilities for Past Human Rights Abuses. This collaborative project will add "alternative accountabilities" (i.e., civil trials, lustration and vetting, reparations, and customary justice) to the existing database of trials, truth commissions, and amnesties. Because alternative accountabilities are often adopted to deal with the massive atrocities of civil war and the resulting social divisions, the PIs will examine their impact on peace, in addition to the democracy and human rights outcomes analysed in their previous work. The project will provide the first database that will facilitate research on the latest scholarly and policy question: do alternative accountabilities substitute or complement other transitional justice mechanisms in the effort to strengthen human rights protections, democracy, and peace? The new project will allow the PIs to study the particular roles alternative accountabilities play around the world in advancing or constraining human rights, democracy, and peace outcomes, as well as if they do so in isolation or in combination with trials, truth commissions, and amnesties.
Impact Project is still ongoing
Start Year 2012
 
Description Closed meeting with officials of APRODEH, a local human rights organization in Peru 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact In Perú, we held a closed meeting with officials of APRODEH, a local human rights organization in June 2017. IN that meeting, members of Andhes presented our action research methodology and the cases of corporate complicity that the University of Oxford has found. The meeting, laid out as an informal workshop, was important to plan potential activities. As a result of this meeting, Aprodeh joint Andhes and the University of Oxford in two funding proposals, one to the European Union and another to the Economic and Social Research Council. Unfortunately, those proposals were unsuccessful.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Closed-door meeting with officials of DPFL foundation, El Salvador 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The University of Oxford has also developed a series of activities in El Salvador in March 2018. This country is going through a particular moment as the accountability process for state terrorism has been recently opened. First, we have had a closed-door meeting with officials of DPFL foundation to discuss our research and accountability initiatives. Second, we participated an of series of conferences at the Universidad Nacional on transitional justice where we presented our findings and analyzed corporate accountability processes around the world.
There are two outcomes. First, the DPFL organized two events in August 2018. The first one was a closed workshop with practitioners from the main human rights groups. Andhes and UO will run the workshop to discuss how to adapt their research and accountability strategies to the local context. Second, there was a public conference open to the public. Additionally, the National University created a human rights program on transitional justice which will include corporate complicity as one of its components.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description First international conference on human rights and transitional justice organized by the Univerisdade Federal do Sao Paulo 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Between the 27 and 30 of March in Sao Paulo, the University of Oxford had a series of meeting with stakeholders to discuss current and potential accountability initiatives. First, we had a meeting with the public prosecutor to discuss the progress of the Volkswagen case and to discuss our research and impact-oriented activities. Second, we met Adriano Diogo who was leading the strategy to collect data for both the state and national truth commission. He gave us valuable information on the key actors involved in business accountability initiatives. Third, we had a meeting with union leaders to collect information on their work on business complicity and to discuss potential partnerships. Finally, we had a meeting with Marcio Seligman to discuss potential impact-oriented artistic interventions

Additionally, we participated in the first international conference on human rights and transitional justice organized by the Univerisdade Federal do Sao Paulo. This conference was attended by academics, activists, human rights defenders and politicians. We presented our main findings, and the main accountability strategies developed to get business accountability around the world.
Finally, held a workshop on action-research on business complicity. The workshop aimed to discuss with academics and activities how research can be used to develop business accountability strategies.
The most relevant outcome of these activities was the contact with the public prosecutors on the Volkswagen case. As a result of this, we develop activities to give greater visibility to the Volkswagen case. The prosecutor presented the case at the conference held in 2017 in Oxford and he will part of a parallel project on public prosecutors in charge of Andhes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Group of activities related to corporate accountability in Chile 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact In Chile, Andhes and OU partnered Londres 38 and a group of academics to develop a series of activities related to corporate accountability in july 2017. First, we had a workshop with Londres 38 where we discussed our action research models and the different strategies to get legal accountability. Second, Londres 38 organized a conference in the Instituto de Estudios Judiciales attended by judges, law enforcement officers, and lawyers working on crimes against humanity cases. Third, we had a closed-door meeting with the leading judge on cases related to crime against humanity in Chile. We discussed in that meeting how evidence collected in cases against state actors could be used against economic actors. Finally, we participated in a workshop to discuss the elaboration of a volume on Corporate Complicity in Chile aimed to reach a wide public audience and raise awareness about the topic.
The outcomes of these activities are very successful. Londres 38 applied the action-research methodology used in Argentina and Colombia to the Chilean case. They found evidence against the Pesquera Arauco company and filled a criminal lawsuit against it in September 2017. Subsequently, Londres 38 participated in activities discussed above in this report.It participated in the events with the Interamerican commission staff in Bogotá in 2018; they presented evidence of corporate complicity in Chile and the details of their case. Finally, Londres 38 will be one of the organizations providing information to the commission for its first report on business and human rights.
Also, the volume on corporate complicity in Chile has been written and will be published in July 2018. The volume is meant to reach a public audience beyond an academic one. Practitioners, academics, and journalist write it. A public conference will be held in July to disseminate the book.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Justicia Transicional y sus Limites 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation of our findings on corporate complicity with past atrocities and methodologies to bring economic actors to account.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Launch of Cuentas claras: El papel de la Comisión de la Verdad en la develación de la responsabilidad de empresas en el conflicto armado colombiano 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Public launch of a report that we worked with in collaboration with Dejusticia (one of Colombia's most well known NGOs), where we presented our findings about corporate complicity in Colombia and recommended the Colombian Truth Commission an approach to the investigation of this phenomenon. The event allowed us to consolidate a network that we have been building over the years with key advocacy groups in Argentina (CELS and ANDHES) and Colombia (Dejusticia) to promote public policy papers and reports, strategic litigation, amicus briefs, academic publications, and enhance visibility before international human rights bodies and public visibility. Started a discussion with a working group that ever since the launch has been supporting the Truth Commission in Colombia methodologically and thematically about how to investigate corporate complicity with the armed conflict.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with policy makers in Colombia on transitional justice and corporate accountability in the offices of Dejusticia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Opened a dialogue between academia, civil society organizations and state entities (including the Prosecutor's Office, the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Congress people and the Ombudsman's office) around corporate accountability
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation by Francesca Lessa and Leigh Payne on "Innovations in Transitional Justice," Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Santiago de Chile, 28 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Our talk raised many questions and triggered an interesting discussion

No impact yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation by Francesca Lessa on Blood Money? Reparations for Past Human Rights Violations in Latin America, Law and Society Association 2014 Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, USA, 30 May 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Lively debate after the panel.

No impact yet.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2014
 
Description Presentation by Gabriel Pereira and Leigh Payne on "Transitional Justice and Corporate Complicity in Argentina in Comparative Perspective,| FLACSO-ISA, Buenos Aires, 23-25 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Many interesting questions were raised and an interesting debate ensued.

No impact yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation by Leigh Payne on "Overcoming Impunity: When do Transitional Justice Pathways Lead to Accountability?" Center for Human Rights and Global Justice, New York University Law School, 14 February 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact A lively and interesting debate took place after the presentation.

No impact yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation by Leigh Payne on "Overcoming Impunity: When transitional justice pathways lead to accountability and when they do not," Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals (IBEI), 6 March 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Interesting subsequent discussion and questions asked.

No impact yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation to Lawyers in Chile on advancing accountability of economic actors for their role in past violence in Chile. "Impunity and Accountability: Trends in Accountability" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The purpose of the activity was to present our findings about corporate complicity in the past violence a methodologies to advance accountability, and support their work to advance corporate accountability in Chile.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Professor Leigh Payne delivers inaugural lecture on Overcoming Impunity: Pathways to Accountability in Latin America, at the residence of the British Embassy, Santiago de Chile, 29 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A debate ensued after the inaugural lecture

No impact yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.lac.ox.ac.uk/professor-payne-delivers-inaugural-oxford-alumni-chile-tertulia-2014-residen...
 
Description Talk by Francesca Lessa on Desafiando con la ley a las leyes de amnistía. Los sinuosos caminos del reconocimiento de las víctimas, at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 16ª session of the workshop on "Law and Justice", 22 April 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The talk raised many questions from the audience.

No impact yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk by Francesca Lessa on the panel "La justicia frente a crímenes contra la humanidad. Experiencias comparadas" held at the Universidad de Palermo, Faculty of Law, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 22 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact A lively discussion took place during the panel event.

No impact yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk by Leigh Payne with Tricia D. Olsen and Gabriel Pereira on Understanding Corporate Complicity in Past Political Violence: A Preliminary Analysis, Human Rights and Change conference, International Studies Association, Istanbul, 16-18 June, 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Many questions were raised as a result of the presentation.

No impact yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Workshop together with the Plataforma Internacional contra la Impunidad in Antigua, Guatemala 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact On the 23rd of June 2017, we held a workshop together with the Plataforma Internacional contra la Impunidad in Antigua, Guatemala. The workshop was also aimed to discuss how to connect academic research with practitioners activities. Members of both UO and Andhes led the workshop. It was attended by more than 20 twenty representatives of human rights groups, private law bureaus, and academics. Unfortunately, there was no follow up activities with any of these groups.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017