Tudor Partbooks: the manuscript legacies of John Sadler, John Baldwin and their antecedents

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: School of Arts and Cultures

Abstract

'Tudor Partbooks' has two main objectives: to transform public and scholarly access to Tudor musical sources from the 1520s to the 1580s, particularly through the publication of restored and reconstructed facsimiles of key manuscripts; and to advance our understanding of this corpus of manuscripts and their palaeographical and contextual interrelationships by answering a number of key research questions that can only be addressed with the exceptional document access created by this project. Achieving these objectives is predicated upon digitization of the English polyphonic sources from the lifetimes of Henry VIII and his daughter Elizabeth I. The manuscripts to be investigated include: early sixteenth-century choirbooks (already digitized); Henrician partbook sets Forrest-Heyther, Royal Appendix 45-8 and Peterhouse; and the Edwardian sets Lumley and Wanley. But the central witnesses are a cluster of Elizabethan sets copied between the 1560s and the 1580s: Baldwin, Dow, Gyffard, Hamond and Sadler.

These partbooks are the dominant witnesses to the Tudor polyphonic tradition, but were copied several decades after many of the works they preserve had been composed, raising doubt as to their reliability as witnesses of earlier practices. Tudor Partbooks will analyse data from across the sixteenth century in order to provide objective evidence with which to address this question. The creation of a comprehensive bank of digital images will enable this to be undertaken through an investigation into notational syntax from the 1500s to the 1580s, alongside a detailed and methodologically consistent study of the manuscripts themselves.

Tudor Partbooks will achieve its principal objectives through a range of publications which will in turn fulfil a wider range of secondary aims, exploiting the potential of both digital and print formats. Online publication of digital images at the Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music (www.diamm.ac.uk) will give free public access to all the primary sources; two facsimile editions will deploy the research team's technical expertise (in the digital restoration of the badly corroded Sadler partbooks), and its experience in the reconstruction of incomplete polyphony (through the collaborative creation of a replacement Tenor book for the Baldwin partbooks); further outputs will include a PhD thesis on Tudor scribal practices, two editions of early sixteenth-century polyphony, a collaborative book on methodologies and principles of polyphonic reconstruction, contextual studies of Tudor manuscript culture, detailed source studies, and online dissemination of project findings (a VLE on notation, podcasts on digital restoration, and additional materials prepared for the reconstruction workshops).

The project team have secured the collaboration of the British Library and the Bodleian Library, the major holders of manuscripts relevant to this project as Project Partners, and of DIAMM for digitization of sources outside major institutional repositories. All images will be delivered online through diamm.ac.uk without additional cost to this project. The British Academy and the Oundle International Festival have also consented to join as Project Partners; the internationally-acclaimed vocal ensemble Stile Antico will act as project collaborators.

Planned Impact

Among the public, the most direct beneficiaries will be those with interests in choral singing, consort and early music. Many choirs and amateur consorts have developed expertise in performing Renaissance music and, while critical editions will continue to be the mainstay of these choirs' repertories, the favourable reception of DIAMM's printed facsimiles (Dow, Eton and the Byrd Masses) among non-academic audiences demonstrates the wide appeal of the unmediated experience of singing and playing from original sources, as well as the industry of some users in creating editions of the complete content of the Dow Partbooks, shared online through the Choral Public Domain Library. The publication of the Sadler and Baldwin partbooks will exponentially increase the range and quantity of such materials; the provision of freely-available online images, with up-to-date bibliographical and descriptive information will further enrich the experience of non-academic users. An online exhibition of the activities involved in recovering these lost works from pre-photography conservation to print will create a connection between the original book and the publications. We thereby seek to draw lay audiences into the process, not just the outcomes, of research. Exhibitions of Manuscripts from the project will take place at Christ Church, the Bodleian Library and British Library.

Alongside this wider cultural enrichment, 'Tudor Partbooks' will exploit the topographical appeal of the Sadler partbooks to increase public understanding of Tudor music sources and their creators. In tandem with local arts agencies and festivals, 'Tudor Partbooks' will sponsor public encounters that focus upon the project's two homes in Oxford and Newcastle-Gateshead, and upon the places where John Sadler worked (Fotheringhay and Oundle, Northamptonshire). These will include master classes with 'live' demonstrations of singing from partbooks, concerts using the Sadler facsimiles, and opportunities for students to sing alongside professionals. The target year for this activity is 2015, coinciding with the birth date of John Sheppard, whose motet Inclina Domine is one of the most urgent candidates for digital restoration.

The technical process of digital restoration will form a third area of cultural enrichment, in drawing public attention to conservation issues and the potential for modern digital processes to persuade seemingly irredeemable documents to reveal their secrets. Many manuscript sources - not just music sources - are neglected because of illegibility resulting from fading, over-writing or ink corrosion. By disseminating the techniques of digital restoration that will be practised and refined during this project (through workshops and podcasts) we hope to stimulate public engagement with sources that have hitherto been designated unreadable and raise awareness of the potential value of unnoticed artefacts. Although unlikely (and therefore not included as a project outcome), such raised public awareness might conceivably lead to the re-discovery of other lost works.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title CD: Chorus vel Organa: Music from the Lost Palace of Westminster, with Caius College Choir/Geoffrey Webber (Edinburgh: Delphian DCD34158) 
Description CD Recording of music from the Tudor Partbooks source, BL Roy App 45-48 (Ludford Lady Masses), with reconstructed organ versets 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Invitation to perform in Palace of Westminster; excellent critical reviews. Strengthened association with AHRC-funded 'Lost Chapel of St Stephen's' project (York U.). 
URL http://delphianrecords.co.uk/product-group/chorus-vel-organa-music-from-the-lost-palace-of-westminst...
 
Title Queen Mary's Big Belly: Hope for an heir in Catholic England, Gallicantus/Gabriel Crouch (Perivale, Middx: Signum SIGCD464, 2017) 
Description CD recording of polyphonic music pertaining to the months when Queen Mary I believed herself to be pregnant. The programme draws upon a 2016 project output. The programme was devised by Magnus WIlliamson (project PI) with Gabriel Crouch, director of Gallicantus. Williamson wrote the liner notes. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact This gave rise to two BBC broadcasts: 'Ballad of the Marigold Piety and Penitence', BBC R3 *Lunchtime Concert*, Wigmore Hall, London, broadcast live 27 March 2017; and 'Queen Mary's Big Belly', with Lucie Skeaping, BBC R3 *The Early Music Show*, broadcast 1 October 2017 
URL http://signumrecords.com/product/queen-marys-big-belly/SIGCD464/
 
Title The Leopard and the Lily 
Description Concert, All Saints Church, Rothbury: New Vocal Ensemble, Newcastle University; with spoken commentaries and images: 11 March 2017 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Positive audience feedback on format, images and programming style. Setting up of new academic collaboration with local stakeholders. 
 
Description High resolution digital images have already yielded rich data on the origins of Tudor music manuscripts: on the first use of printed music manuscript paper in England; on the methods that can now be deployed to interrogate early musical sources; and on the manner in which such sources can most effectively be made available to the public. We have developed new approaches to the collaborative digital reconstruction of damaged artefacts (in this case music manuscripts), although there is more to be done. Our methodological toolkit enables 'lay' participants to provide restorations on our behalf. Collaborative polyphonic reconstruction meanwhile has enabled us to co-create scholarly artefacts meaningfully while drawing together a range of experiences and aptitudes in a series of residential workshops. Its engagement of wider audiences in the co-creation of its scholarly outcomes (and outputs) has been one of the most distinctive and successful aspects of Tudor Partbooks in its first year.
Exploitation Route Tudor Partbooks provides robust examples for the engagement of a participant community through active web management. Members of the public can see, hear about and *use* our resources as they are made available during the project. Engaging 'amateur' participants in the making of published outputs may not work in all research projects but has helped galvanize outside contribution to a potentially very specialised area of musicology; we see this as central to the future of humanities research.
Sectors Creative Economy,Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.tudorpartbooks.ac.uk/getinvolved/restoringjohnsadlerspartbooks/
 
Description The long-term impact of Tudor Partbooks is gradually taking shape. There are several instances of 'early wins'. Data from the project's investigations of specific manuscripts has fed into several exhibitions and general publications, for example Cambridge University Library exhibition on George II's donation 'His Royal Favour': see https://exhibitions.lib.cam.ac.uk/royal/artifacts/bringing-the-notes-together/; from the same leg of the project, and by way of case study, key findings around the date of a Tallis manuscript (now in the BN, Paris), were incorporated into a concert/CD programme by the professional group Gallicantus; this was subsequently taken up by the BBC in a Radio 3 broadcast on 1 October 2017. Methods of digitally restoring manuscripts have been taken up by non-musicological audiences, and have directly engaged non-specialists in the creation of one of the central project outputs. The creative practice-based aspect of the project has fed directly into several CD recordings: polyphonic reconstructions have been used in projects by Christ Church, Oxford, and St Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh; editorial realisations of one key manuscript source (BL, Roy App 45-48) drew upon the PI's experience in a previous AHRC/ESRC project ('Experience of Worship'), then fed into a CD recording performed by the PI with Caius College Choir, Cambridge (recorded July 2015), and the same reconstructive methods and textual resources have been used in performances and recordings of the same repertory by Trinity Boys' Choir and Westminster Abbey Choir. Involving members of the public in the creation of project outputs had been factored into the original Tudor Partbooks methodology in 2013, but the scale and consistency of this across both principal work packages has far exceeded our expectations: indeed, 'lay' co-creation has been one of the defining hallmarks of Tudor Partbooks, whose constituency encompasses specialists, performers, amateurs and newcomers from the UK, Europe, North and South America, from pre-GCSE students to very senior retirees.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Other
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Public Engagement with Research Fund
Amount £500 (GBP)
Funding ID Project code: KCD00600. Task: CG01.01 
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2016 
End 01/2017
 
Description Pump Priming: Tudor Music Authorities
Amount £3,491 (GBP)
Funding ID 143/125 
Organisation University of Oxford 
Department John Fell Fund
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2015 
End 11/2016
 
Description School of Arts & Cultures Strategic Research Fund
Amount £7,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Newcastle 
Sector Academic/University
Country Australia
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2018
 
Title Tudor Partbooks Inventories and codicology 
Description Detailed inventories and codicological descriptions of 101 manuscripts studied in the project 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Outside researchers have contributed to the content, updating and correcting information given. 
URL http://www.tudorpartbooks.ac.uk/outputs/inventories/
 
Description SIMSSA 
Organisation McGill University
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of images and metadata
Collaborator Contribution Construction of a partbook image viewer designed for the Tudor Partbooks content that can be used through the DIAMM website.
Impact Research and technical development still under way
Start Year 2014
 
Description 'Digitally Restoring John Sadler's Music Partbooks', Digitial Approaches to Early Music Seminar, Goldsmiths (8 October 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 20-minute presentation followed by discussion and questions as part of a wider event on digitial methods in musicology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'An Elizabethan Perspective on the Benefits of Singing Motets: The Inscriptions in Robert Dow's Music Partbooks', Cabinet of Curiosities, University of York (9 November 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation to interdisciplinary audience followed by questions and discussion as part of a workshop on the senses in early modern England.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Framing the Music: Borders for Printed Music and Music Paper c. 1560-1600, Medieval and Renaissance Music Conference, Sheffield (July 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 20-minute talk as part of the 2016 Medieval and Renaissance Music conference followed by questions and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Inscriptions, Motets, and the Praise of Music in Robert Dow's Partbooks (GB-Och: Mus.984-8)', Medieval and Renaissance Music Conference, Brussels (July 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact minute presentation followed by questions and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description 'Music and Musical Education in the Early Elizabethan Church: The Evidence of GB-Lbl: 30480-4' Medieval and Renaissance Music Conference, Prague, July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 20-minute paper followed by discussion and questions given as part of the Medieval and Renaissance Music Conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Singing about Death in Elizabeth England', DEADFriday at Ashmolean Museum (30 October 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Collaboration with student choir Scholar Cantorum of Oxford to produce a musically illustrated talk in the Ashmolean museum's musical instruments gallery as part of a public open night at the museum. Future collaborations with Schola Cantorum resulted from this event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'The Cinderella of Complete Elizabethan Partbooks Sets: A New Look at the Hamond Partbooks (GB-Lbl: Add. MSS 30480-4)', Seminar in Medieval and Renaissance Music, All Souls, Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 60-minute paper followed by 60-minunte discussion and questions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The Tudor Partbooks Project: Creating a Collaborative, Digital Reconstruction of John Sadler's Partbooks' University of Manchester Music Research Seminar Series (28 April 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 45-minute presentation given to students and researchers at the University of Manchester followed by questions and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Traces of an Elizabethan Music-Making Community: The Textless Music of the 'Hamond' Partbooks and Orphan Partbook GB-Lbl: Add 47844', Viola da Gamba Society meeting, Birmingham (21 June 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 30-minute paper followed by questions and discussion as part of a study day organised by the Viola da Gamba Society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Tudor Partbooks: Digitising, Analysing and Reconstructing the Music Manuscripts of Sixteenth-Century England' Oxford Musician 5 (2015), 8-9 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article written for Oxford University music department alumni magazine
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.music.ox.ac.uk/assets/Oxf_Musician_2015.pdf
 
Description 12 Feb 2015: Introduction to digital restoration, Open lecture, Faculty of Music, Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk introduced concept of digital restoration to aacademic participants and others who may find the skills useful in enhancing their research

Most of the participants registered for a training course in digital restoration taught by the project team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 17 May 2015: 'Restoring the Sadler Partbooks' Oxford Early Music Festival talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This introduced the concept of digital restoration to return damaged documents to readability to an audience that did not know such a thing could be done. There was considerable interest in both the outcomes and the techniques used

Several of the participants volunteered to become restorers working on the project outputs. This led to a reappraisal of our restoration timetable and restoration team to include these volunteer 'non-expert' musicians
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Advising National Trust Property the Vyne on their Tudor reinterpretation project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Was part of an expert panels of academics from Oxford and elsewhere who advised The Vyne National Trust property on their new Tudor interpretation project focussed on Henry VIII's visit to the house in 1535. These discussion shaped the presentation of display, the creation of an immersive audio experience and the communication of information in the newly designed exhibits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description BBC R3 Early Music Show 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Queen Mary's Big Belly', BBC R3, *The Early Music Show*, broadcast 1 October 2017. An hour-long programme investigating the events of 1554-5, drawing up 2016 project output ('Queen Mary I, Tallis's O sacrum convivium and a Latin Litany', *Early Music* 2016, 44(2), 251-270), and resulting CD recording (*Queen Mary's Big Belly: Hope for an heir in Catholic England*, Perivale, Middx: Signum SIGCD464, 2017). Described on the BBC web site: 'Lucie Skeaping is joined by Gabriel Crouch, director of the vocal ensemble Gallicantus and Magnus Williamson, Professor of Early Music at Newcastle University, to discuss music surrounding the fascinating hopes and tragedies of Queen Mary I's "phantom pregnancy" of 1555.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b096g5l9
 
Description Concert, Palace of Westminster, 27 June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Performance of music from the Tudor Partbooks source GB-Lbl Roy App 45-48, with Caius College, Choir
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Concert, Westminster Palace, 2015-06-30 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Lecture-recital, St Mary Undercroft, palace of Westminster, 30 June 2015: Magnus Williamson and Choir of Caius College, Cambridge, dir. Geoffrey Webber (in association with AHRC-funded Palace of Westminster project). Demonstration of MSS digitized during Tudor Partbooks project (British Library, Roy, App. 45-48). Resulted in plans for future collaboration between the two projects and influence on policy makers (a similar event is planned for 27 June 2016).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.cai.cam.ac.uk/news/caiuschoirbookststephens
 
Description Concert: Music from the Sadler Partbooks (All Saints Fotheringhay, 2015-07-16), with Stile Antico + pre-concert talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sell-out concert show-casing repertory and methods of the project. Animated discussions with audience members afterwards identified collaborators and contributors who have since participated in project activities (for instance, polyphonic reconstruction workshops).

A request for help with a musical/historic event elsewhere in Britain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.oundlefestival.org.uk/2-uncategorised/92-stile-antico
 
Description Exhibition on Sadler reconstruction in Christ Church Upper Library 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exhibition posters on digitial reconstruction of the Sadler partbooks displayed in Christ Church Upper Library. Visitors were also invited to vote on the best methods of displaying reconstructions of sections lost from the manuscript due to holes or heavy damage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Exultation and despondency: the digital reconstruction of the lost partbooks of John Sadler (Bodleian Library Mus. e. 1-5), Bodleian Library Centre for Digital Humanities 'Research Uncovered' series. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hour-long presentation describing the complex questions and ethical considerations involved in the digital reconstruction of the Sadler Partbooks in order to return them to a condition where they can be used for scholarship and performance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Forensic recovery with digital documents 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 45 minute talk describing the process and dilemmas surrounding retrieving information from damaged documents. Many of those attending had never seen forensic recovery processes before and several asked afterwards about applications of these processes to documents with which they were engaged. It was interesting that there was immediate appreciation of the ethical dilemmas faced by restorers in reconstructing missing data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Gallery talk on the Digital Reconstruction of the Sadler Partbooks, Christ Church Upper Library (13 June 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation followed by questions and discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Introducing the Secretrary Hand, talk and demonstration with an exhibition of original documents 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk introducing the 16th and 17th century uses of the Secretary hand. Secretary hands are difficult for modern readers to decipher thanks to the use of an alphabet in which many letters vary from our modern standard shapes, coupled with the social expectation that writers were creative in personalising their hand. Matters are further complicated by more than one form for many individual letters within the alphabet (and writers would switch between them even during the course of one word), and the tendency for informal hands to migrate non-secretary letterforms into their script (creating a host of 'bastard secretary' hands), so one hand may look completely different from another: just when you think you've got it cracked a new scribe throws you a curve ball.

Secretary (also called 'cursive') was designed for speed in execution and is written using an edged nib, but unlike modern Italic, where the nib is held at an angle of about 45 degrees and letters are formed primarily with downstrokes, Secretary used a very flexible nib (giving emphatic differences between thick and thin, with moderate strokes in between) and is formed with curved as well as straight downstrokes and upstrokes of equal weight, with the vertical often the thickest stroke, contributing to the alien appearance. Decorative superfluous strokes, called otiose strokes, were added using with the thin part of the nib, and the varying angles of otiose strokes show that this involved rolling the pen in the fingers to change the angle of the pen. These light strokes also contribute to the confusing first impression.

In fact, once you have the vocabulary of letterforms and common abbreviation strokes to hand the script is not so hard to read. There were numerous contemporary publications providing idealised samples of the script (alongside other scripts widely used during the 15th-17th centuries) and some even demonstrate the formation of the letters stroke-by-stroke for those wanting to learn to write the script. The talk introduced the secretary hand and provided information about resources for learning to read and transcribe it, as well as information from 16th and 17th-century publications about how to execute the hand, with some hints and tips on tackling transcriptions of original texts. Alongside the talk the author provided an exhibition of original manuscript documents from the 14th to 18th centuries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Mini-RECON 2015-09-26 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Workshop, Newcastle University, Saturday 26 September 2015, for the North East Early Music Forum.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Oundle Festival (St Peter's Church, Oundle, 2015-07-16) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public lunchtime lecture and presentation sparked prolonged discussion with audience members, direct subsequent contact from public with members of research team, participation in digital restoration and polyphonic reconstruction.

Members of the audience have since offered direct assistance to the project. One of them has already made a transcription from the Baldwin partbooks which will be used for polyphonic reconstruction (and for VLE on editing and notation).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.oundlefestival.org.uk/2-uncategorised/91-lunchtime-lecture-recital-tudor-partbooks
 
Description Outreach Seminar: Sacred Sound-worlds: Music and the Reformation in Tudor England 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Academic taster session given as part of the Year 12 Pathways Study Days at Oxford, aimed at giving high achieving students at non-selective UK state schools a taste of studying a particular subject at university.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Owen Rees and Katherine Butler, 'Tudor Partbooks: The Manuscript Legacies of John Sadler, John Baldwin, and their Antecedents', Oxford Alumni Weekend (20 September 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation followed by discussion and questions as part of a university alumni weekend.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Performance: Lady Mass 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Performance of versets for Lady Mass according to the Use of Salisbury at PMMS annual general meeting, Oxford, November 2018. Proof of concept for collaborative reconstruction of organ versets by Jane Flynn and others.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://plainsong.org.uk/events/previous-events/
 
Description RECON, MedRen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Presentation and live demonstration of reconstructing anonymous (continental) Confitebor tibi Domine from Baldwin Partbooks, in tandem with conference consort; annual Medieval and Renaissance Music Conference, Sheffield University, 5 July 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description RECON1 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Polyphonic reconstruction workshop, Faculty of Music, Oxford, 6-8 March 2015. Thirty-six participants from the UK, Ireland and Israel, including sixth-form students, UGs, PGs, academic experts and members of the general public. Collaborative reconstructions of incomplete polyphony led to the completion of compositions which were then performed by Contrapunctus (dir. Owen Rees).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description RECON2 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Polyphonic reconstruction workshop, Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, 13-15 November 2015. Participants from the UK, USA and Ireland including a GCSE student, UGs, PGs, academic experts and members of the general public. Collaborative reconstructions of incomplete polyphony led to the completion of compositions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.tudorpartbooks.ac.uk/newsevents/reconiireconstructingincompletetudorpolyphony.html
 
Description RECON3 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Polyphonic reconstruction workshop, Newcastle University, 11-13 March 2016, in partnership with Stile Antico and members of Fretwork.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Reconstruction Open Weekend as part of the Oxford Early Music Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Open weekend showcasing the digital reconstruction of the Sadler partbooks including live reconstruction by volunteer restorers, poster and digitial displays, a chance to have a go at digital image restoration, a mini-workshop on singing from facsimile using restored images, and performances of music from the partbooks by local choirs and viol players.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description The digital reconstruction of the lost partbooks of John Sadler 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation: The Tudor Partbooks project undertook the reconstruction of two partbook sets that are currently unusable, one because of the loss of one of the books, and the other (the subject of this paper) badly damaged by acid burn-through. The paper discussed the decisions behind the techniques employed in the digital repair work on the Sadler Partbooks (GB-Ob Mus.e.1-5), and the often complex process of forensic reconstruction of the books to a point where they can now be read in their entirety and studied paleographically.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://minim.ac.uk/index.php/2018/05/14/digital-humanities-and-musical-heritage-workshop/
 
Description The most excellent, vigilant and reverend Bishop of Winchester, and the egregious Dr Sampson: textual states of printed chant books 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Plenary paper, Plainsong & Medieval Music Society annual general meeting. Oxford, November 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Tudor Music Wikimedia Edit-a-thon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Collaboration with the Bodleian's library's Wikimedian in Residence in which students, musicologists, alumni and other interested parties edited, created and improved Wikimedia articles relating to Tudor Music, including articles on partbooks related to the project. A face-to-face session was held in oxford, but participants were also able to join in from around the world. The resulting improved and added articles were immediately available for public use and participants gained the skills to undertake further editing of Wikipedia in future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Tudor Partbooks website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project website providing details of events, research news, ways to get involved with the project, digital restoration videos, publications and other outputs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016,2017
URL http://www.tudorpartbooks.ac.uk
 
Description Video Podcasts of digital restoration process 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Series of seven videos introducing the project to digitally restore the Sadler partbooks and providing instruction on the methods used. These videos were used to train project volunteers as well as to share information on the process with wider audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLVIQO75esTNYJTEW180Kj7LtmEBN8hMEt
 
Description Workshop: Viola da Gamba Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Magnus Williamson and Philip Weller. assisted by Christopher Hodkinson, gave a workshop on polyphonic reconstruction was given to members of the Viola da Gamba Society at Nottingham University on 18 June 2017. The event had three aims: to road-test completed reconstructions; to seek feedback on a newly-completed project output (the Sadler Partbooks facsimile); and to engage participants in project outputs-in-preparation. The VdGS provided a helpfully mixed audience of experts, performers (amateur and professional) and informed listeners. Arising from the event: a request for materials to feed into a partner project; suggestions as to potential solutions; informed evaluations of project by viol players, a constituency easily overlooked as users of vocal partbook facsimiles; requests for loan of facsimile proofs by members of Early Music Forum.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description • 1 Dec 2014: 'Lute Manuscripts and their uses: handwriting, society and artistic culture in 16th- and 17th-century England' Open University Book History Research Group seminar series, 'Paper, Pen and Ink: Manuscript Cultures in Early Modern England' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk and questions following the paper led to new perspectives on the content.

no idea
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description • 14 July 2014: 'Restoration and revelation: how digital images are far more than simply photographs in the digital medium' Digital Humanities at Oxford Summer School, 14-17 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The talk introduced digital restoration techniques and the possibilities for impact on individual research work.

Most of the participants registered for a follow-up tutorial course in digital restoration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description • 16 June 2015: 'Perspectives on building a digital image resource' Invited paper at workshop on medieval insular liturgical manuscripts with music: local, regional and European perspectives, Trinity College Dublin 16-17 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The workshop led to a discussion regarding grant funding for activities identified by the colloquium group as necessary to further their research

Formation of a collaborative working group with the intention of writing a joint grant application
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description • 20th, 27th and 29th April 2015: Digital Restoration workshops, University of Oxford IT Services 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Three workshops teaching the principles of digital restoration to people who had not previously attempted it

All of the participants were able to take the skills they had learned and apply them to their own research materials. Several of the participants subsequently volunteered to undertake digital restoration for the Tudor Partbooks project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description • 22 July 2015: 'Digital Restoration for Beginners: Is This For Me and How Would I Get Started?' Digital Humanities at Oxford Summer School, 20-24 July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact talk sparked questions and discussion

participants enrolled in workshops on digital musicology; participants requested information about restoration work done by the presenter, etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description • 23 July 2015: 'Blind alleys, science fiction, redundancy and modernization: how musicology is and isn't evolving in response to the digital world' Digital Humanities at Oxford Summer School, 20-24 July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact discussion was energetic following the presentation, linking the activities demonstrated to personal research projects of participants

participants reported a change in thinking about the research activities and planned research outputs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description • 5 July 2014: Tudor Partbooks research project. Multimedia presentation, Medieval and Renaissance Conference, Birmingham, 3-6 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The academic community were made aware of the project and some became active participants in the research activities

The project was introduced to the academic community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description • 8 July 2015: 'Identifying scribal hands: a methodological toolkit and an Elizabethan case study' Medieval and Renaissance conference, Brussels, 6-9 July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Concepts raised in the paper led to a call for a conference specifically on the subject of handwriting identification

Conference on handwriting identification; new perspectives on handwriting identification; feedback on the content of the research presented at the conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015