Dynamic dialects: integrating articulatory video to reveal the complexity of speech

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Critical Studies

Abstract

Our motivation for creating this resource was to bring Phonetics (the study of speech sounds) into the 21st century by making use of imaging technologies (MRI and ultrasound tongue imaging) and digital processing to allow people to see the hidden movements of the tongue and other articulatory organs inside the vocal tract.

We will create an online teaching resource called Dynamic Dialects that will provide easy access to multimedia material (videos and audio) showing how the vocal organs move during real speech. The website will be designed to aid phonetic training, language teaching and learning and speech therapy and will improve people's understanding of how speech sounds are produced.

Knowing how to make a sound with your tongue and other vocal organs is important when you are learning a foreign language with unfamiliar sounds, learning how to produce a sound in your own language that you have difficulty with, or if you need to teach other people how to make speech sounds, e.g. as a phonetician, language teacher or speech therapist, and also if you want to carry out research into how speech sounds change over time. Without being able to see what is going on in the vocal tract, it can be a struggle to understand what to do to achieve the correct sound quality.

Traditional phonetics teaching relies on visual cues, such as lip and jaw movement; diagrams of the vocal tract; focussing on and trying to interpret the movements of your own vocal organs during speech and, of course, listening to and trying to interpret the acoustic signal produced during speech. Analysis of speech that is based mainly on listening to other people's speech or feeling your own articulatory movement can lead to misunderstandings of how speech sounds are produced. Not everyone has the same strategy for producing sounds. We find, through articulatory-based research, that speakers often have very different strategies for producing a speech sound than what might be expected.

Ultrasound tongue imaging video, Magnetic Resonance Imaging video, lip movement video and animations (based on data gathered through all of these technologies) can offer a new insight into exactly how speech sounds are produced. Speech production can be taught with visual stimuli showing, or based on, real speech, to aid learning. Articulatory strategies can be copied and practised using a visual, as well as auditory, models.

The Dynamic Dialects articulatory teaching resource will allow contain a collection of pronunciations of words from speakers of different varieties of English, which will be an invaluable resource for the study of linguistic change in the future, preserving not only how speech sounded, but how it was produced.

Planned Impact

The principal beneficiaries of this resource will be a wide range of students an professionals with interests in Language study, for example students and teachers of phonetics; English as a Second Language (ESL) and English ad a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers; speech therapists; drama and voice coaches. This resource will provide these users with a range of modelled and natural speech and is the first resource of its kind. Users will be able to view the articulators in action, rather than relying on purely auditory stimuli, static diagrams or descriptions of speech. We expect this resource to have a significant impact on the accuracy of speech and language teaching as articulatory data can help overturn erroneous views of how speech is produced. The resource will be available freely online to users around the world.

The resource is also important in preserving a snapshot of language, from both an acoustic and articulatory perspective, as it is today. Future researchers will be able to use this resource to study sound change over time, by comparing how speech sounds were produced today with how they develop in the future, e.g. the study of consonantal vocalisation where consonants change into vowels over time.

The raw data in this resource will be preserved for student and postgraduate research projects into language articulation and will be made available to users at other research institutes with the appropriate permissions and ethical approval.
 
Description Our project developed two new freely-available online resources for the study of the movements of the vocal organs during speech. We used medical imaging technology and other techniques to capture (hidden) vocal organ movement, making use of headset-mounted lip cameras, Ultrasound Tongue Imaging (UTI) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Accurate 2-D animations of the human vocal tract, based on MRI recordings of real speech, were created and made available to users of our online resource.
During the project we developed:
(1) an MRI recording protocol with an improved frame rate.
(2) a set of 100 MRI videos of the moving vocal tract during speech.
(3) a method of integrating ultrasound tongue imaging video with lip-movement video.
(4) a set of 1,500 integrated videos of tongue and lip movement from 53 native speakers of English from 48 different localities in 16 different countries around the world
(5) a method for turning MRI video recordings into 2-D animation, improving on the deficiencies of the MRI recordings: low frame rate, blurring of articulatory surfaces, missing passive articulators.
(6) a set of empirically-based articulatory 2-D animations of speech sounds.
(7) methods and protocols to process large numbers of short videos (around 7,000) in order to make them optimally accessible to an online audience.
(8) a set of written materials that introduce users to vocal tract imaging techniques such as UTI and MRI and describe the recording processes.
Exploitation Route Our online resources have received interest from the following users: phonetics teachers and students; speech and language therapists; accent coaches; English Language learners. The resources give these users access to vocal organ movement that has previously been hidden. Members of each of these groups have expressed a willingness to work with us on future projects tailored to their specific needs.
Sectors Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Healthcare

URL http://www.dynamicdialects.ac.uk
 
Description Our websites became available on 1 May 2015, and were launched with a press release on 28 May 2015. We have been contacted by speech and language therapists, accent coaches, ESL teachers and phonetics teachers and students, expressing their interest in the resources. We have also conducted several public engagement activities (Meet the Expert, Glasgow Science Centre; Seeing Speech, Glasgow Science Festival), as well as specific workshops for speech and language therapists. Our non-technical publication, Viewing Speech in Action, is now the top read/downloaded article in the journal, Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching. Our resources are used to teach and learn about speech articulation (i.e. how speech is produced by the moving vocal organs). The movements of many of the vocal organs are hidden within the head and throat, but the medical imaging techniques that we used reveals this hidden movement. Our resource allows the easy comparison of accents of English across the World, either through an interactive map or through a chart. Accent coaches can select a particular word and compare its pronunciation across accents, hearing not only how it sounds, but seeing also the movement of the tongue and the speaker's lips. Recent updates for 2018-2019 have been the upgrading of both websites, in terms of content (some revision), the addition of a new section on /r l/ sounds in English, and in terms of format - now the websites can be accessed on any device, from PC/laptop, to tablet or mobile.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Healthcare
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Guideline Title Good practice guidelines for transcription of children's speech. 2nd Edition
Description Web resource Seeing Speech is the only recommended resource in the transcription guidelines for the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in clinical guidelines
URL https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=RCSLT+transcription+guidelines&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b&...
 
Title 3D MRI head scan database 
Description 3D head scans obtained at the Clinical Research Imaging Centre (CRIC) at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary as part of the MRI data-collection phase of Dynamic Dialects. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact 3D head scans have been provided to Pertti Palo and colleagues at the Helsinki University of Technology to allow modelling of the human vocal tract including the production of 3D printed physical models. 
 
Title ArticulatoryIPA Youtube channel 
Description A Youtube channel that predates this project, but has been augmented with material collected as part of this project. The channel contains MRI, ultrasound and lip-camera video of speech produced by speakers with different accents. The channel has 199 subscribers many of whom are students of Linguistics and Phonetics, English Language learners or those interested in acting. To date we have had 128,000 views of material on the channel. Top locations for users are: UK, US, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Australia, Poland and Brazil. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The ArticulatoryIPA channel allows us to reach a wider range of users than our Seeing Speech website www.seeingspeech.ac.uk which is designed to be used by those studying speech. The resource provides a useful tool for self-study for those studying Linguistics, those learning English pronunciation (including regional variation) and those learning accent variants for performance (e.g. acting). Our videos show how the tongue moves within the mouth as well as lip movement for a wide variety of accents of English. 01/06/2015 - As of this date, 238 subscribers to the ArticulatoryIPA youtube channel and 158, 808 views. February 2015 Comment sent via Youtube from L.A.-based dialect coach Pamela Vanderway "Just want to say thank you for these videos. They are WONDERFUL." 18/03/2015 - Skype call with Pamela Vanderway to talk about the Dynamic Dialects resource and how a future resource could be further tailored to the needs of dialect coaches. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuOKJqD00W2EiC3DHmOuu0g
 
Title Dynamic Dialects 
Description Dynamic Dialects is a Web resource that allows users to listen to and watch the tongue and lip movements of 53 native speakers of English from 48 different localities in 16 different countries around the world: the UK, Ireland, USA, Canada, India, New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Tanzania, Trinidad and the Philippines. Tongue movements are imaged using ultrasound. The Web site hosts around 1,500 videos including sets of 27 reference words that allow users to compare the vowel systems of different accents of English and a brief sample of spontaneous conversational speech from each speaker. This project is a collaboration between the University of Glasgow, Queen Margaret University, University College London and Napier University. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact 28/05/2015 Prof. Jane Stuart-Smith (P.I.) interview on Radio Scotland on Dynamic Dialects 28/05/2015 Email from Glasgow-based speech therapist Jane O'Brien, enquiring about resource and about project launch event at the Glasgow Science Centre (to be held on 30/05/2015) 28/05/2015 Prof. Jim Scobbie (Co-I) interview on BBC radio 4's PM programme on Dynamic Dialects 01/06/2015 Contacted by Paul Meier of Paul Meier Dialect services, who congratulated us on our resource and said that he had added a link to it on his website. 
URL http://www.dynamicdialects.ac.uk
 
Title Liquid consonants supplement to Seeing Speech www.seeingspeech.ac.uk 
Description A new ultrasound tongue imaging and lip camera video resource added to the Seeing Speech website. The resource comprises of a set of 16 new audio-articulatory videos, focussing on variants of the liquid consonants, /l/ and /r/ in British, Irish, American and West Indies English. 176 UTI and lip camera videos of productions of /r/, and 62 UTI and lip camera videos of productions of /l/, were exported in normal and quarter speed formats, processed and combined to produce composite videos of 10 articulatory categories of /r/ and 6 articulatory categories of /l/. This resource will help to shed more light on allophonic variation, sound change and speech production and will be of use to speech and language therapists in a clinical setting, i.e. providing models of real articulatory productions of two of the most complex and most frequently delayed/disordered phonemes. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Resource live on 9/11/2018 as part of a revamp of the Seeing Speech and Dynamic Dialects websites and officially launched on 8/02/2019. 
URL https://www.seeingspeech.ac.uk/r-and-l-in-english/
 
Title Seeing Speech 
Description Seeing Speech is a Phonetics teaching resource containing 300 moving 2-D videos showing the inside of the vocal tract using medical imaging techniques. The videos were obtained using ultrasound tongue image and magnetic resonance imaging technology. In addition, we have created 60 2-D vocal tract animations, based on MRI recordings, with moving tongue, lips, larynx, epiglottis and velum. The website is a resource for both students and teachers of linguistics and speech therapy. Seeing Speech is the product of a collaboration between the University of Glasgow, Queen Margaret University, University College London, Napier University, Edinburgh University, Strathclyde University and the University of Aberdeen. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact SLTs attending a clinical workshop at Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh on 23/05/2015 said in evaluation forms handed out at the end of a talk on Seeing Speech that they felt that they could have benefitted from having the Seeing Speech resource during their training. 
URL http://www.seeingspeech.ac.uk
 
Description Being Human. Finding Glasgow, hidden secrets lost meanings, hidden tongues public engagement event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A presentation to the general public demonstrating UTI, focussing particularly on /r/ sounds in English and Arabic. Attendees were from toddler to retirement age. Many attendees were refugees and asylum seekers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://beinghumanfestival.org/events/series/finding-glasgow-hidden-secrets-lost-meaning/
 
Description Block Seminar on sound change, Hannover 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited intensive Block Seminar (entire seminar course, 28 hours, taught over 4 days), on sound change. Included a segment on speech production and sound change, trialling the improved Seeing Speech website (was being augmented at that time), and highlighting findings from the previous two ESRC grants on the role of socially stratified articulatory variation in sound change.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Blockseminar, Sound change and society, Hannover University, 2-5 Dec 16 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Intensive seminar taught over four days, introducing phonetics, including articulatory phonetics, to around 30 university students studying English for a range of purposes at Hannover University. Classes and materials sparked a good deal of interest, including an application for a visiting student to Glasgow to take phonetics as part of their Masters study, in autumn 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Conference paper and poster at Ultrafest 2017, Potsdam VIII, Germany, 4-6th October 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Conference presentation and poster on tongue gesture timing in rhotics and tongue and lip position for vowels. Outcomes were an invited talk to Institut für Phonetik und Sprachverarbeitung, LMU Munich to deliver talk on ultrasound method. Two requests for bite plates for probe to cranium stabilisation by Tom Starr-Marshall for a clinical project at University College London and Marienne Pouplier at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.uni-potsdam.de/en/ultrafest8/program.html
 
Description Edinburgh Science Festival (2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact place holder - est 100 per day. Verbal feedback on child speech development, phonetics, bi-dialectalism , sign-up for future research on the latter.
Glasgow / QMU
11-4, 10-14 April (25 hours engagement, > 50 hours researcher engagement)
twitter --> https://twitter.com/greentoes/status/851538641683984384
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.sciencefestival.co.uk/event-details/seeing-speech-hearing-tongues
 
Description Glasgow Science Centre "meet the expert" event to launch Seeing Speech and Dynamic Dialects 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact To be completed by Jane and Jim
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.glasgowsciencecentre.org/Search.html?ordering=&searchphrase=all&searchword=seeing+speech
 
Description Healthy Ageing NHS Civic Challenge. (Workshop 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact NHS Innovation Civic Challenge: Healthy Ageing. Organised by NHS Lothian and Edinburgh Living Lab (March 14, 2018). Pitching concepts in gamification to promote health and wellbeing in typical ageing. The Pitch was on "Oral Communication": Oral communication is negatively affected by individual age-related hearing loss and social changes in spoken language accents, leading to isolation. Adaptive and interactive speaking-hearing virtual experiences would enhance the resilience of ageing people and those who communicate with them through implicit and explicit training in effective speech and listening.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview with Joss Fong for Vox.com on the pronunciation of /l/ and /r/ consonants 22/02/2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A journalist for Vox.com came across the /l/ and /r/ resource created as part of the Changes in Space, Shape and Time project and asked to conduct a Skype interview with PI Eleanor Lawson to find out more about the complexity of the articulation of these speech sounds and why some east Asians have difficulty learning them, (22/02/2019). The video article is currently under construction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited LinguA Talk, Hannover University, 6 Dec 16 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk to highlight research on speech, including articulatory phonetics, supported by the Dynamic Dialects project (and earlier ESRC ultrasound projects), to the Anglistik Seminar's annual LinguA talk, which is open to students at all levels, interested professionals (e.g. teachers, teacher-trainers), and the general public. The talk generated a number of questions and discussion from across the audience present. The talk invitation was a direct result of my delivery of the BlockSeminar in 2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited talk at the Institut für Phonetik und Sprachverarbeitung, Munich. 7/2/2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Eleanor Lawson was invited to give a talk entitled "Studying the performance of consonantal and vocalic variation using ultrasound tongue imaging and lip camera video." to staff, postgraduate students and researchers at the Institut für Phonetik und Sprachverarbeitung, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany. The invitation was extended after a staff member at the Institut attended a conference talk given by Eleanor Lawson at Ultrafest 2017, Potsdam, Germany. The talk detailed articulatory methods used in the study of postvocalic rhotics and of vowels. In particular, the use of the bite plate to standardise probe to cranium angle and the development of measurement and normalisation techniques for ultrasound data. Marianne Pouplier also requested that Eleanor Lawson bring bite plates for use in the standardisation of probe to cranium angle at the Institut für Phonetik und Sprachverarbeitung.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.phonetik.uni-muenchen.de/~pouplier/
 
Description Invited talk at the Phonetics Teaching and Learning Conference 2015, University College London, 6/08/2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk was well received and directed more users towards the Web resources created during the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.dynamicdialects.ac.uk
 
Description Jane Stuart-Smith Radio Scotland interview on Dynamic Dialects 28/05/2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 28/05/2015 Email from Glasgow-based speech therapist Jane O'Brien, enquiring about resource and about project launch event at the Glasgow Science Centre (to be held on 30/05/2015)


28/05/2015 Email from Glasgow-based speech therapist Jane O'Brien, enquiring about resource and about project launch event at the Glasgow Science Centre (to be held on 30/05/2015). We asked if she would be available to be contacted in the future about designing a potential clinically-focussed resource.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Jim Scobbie interview on Radio 4's PM programme 28/05/2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Prof. Scobbie contacted by an English teacher working in Brazil about his interest in the project 28/05/2015.

Resource noticed by J.C. Wells who alerted the members of VASTA (Voice and Speech Trainers Association) about the resource.

01/06/2015 Eleanor Lawson (R.A.) contacted by Contacted by Paul Meier of Paul Meier Dialect services, who congratulated us on our resource and said that he had added a link to it on his website. Further discussion between Paul Meier and Eleanor Lawson and sharing of resources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Oct 2016 campus visit SS/DD Shirley-Anne Somerfille 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 12 Oct 2016 - Campus visit by Minister for Education and Science Shirley-Anne Somerville MSP - the Dynamic Dialects project was invited to present the two websites Dynamic Dialects and Seeing Speech to explain their purpose for research and education, and how they build on the team's scientific research into articulatory phonetics. The minister expressed greater understanding of speech production and recognition of how the team have combined social science, humanties and engineering research, and created educational resources that are innovative and free to use worldwide.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://pic.twitter.com/YVaTOb2Clt
 
Description Oral conference presentation BAAP Colloquium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact An oral presentation on relationship between articulatory and acoustic measures of the GOOSE vowel, showing how similar F2 measures are obtained from performatively different (tongue position and lip protrusion) vowels in regional accents of the British Isles.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://blogs.kent.ac.uk/baap/talks-day-1/
 
Description Plenary and workshop at Sociolinguistics Summer School 6, Trinity College Dublin, 8/08/2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A plenary on the use of ultrasound in sociolinguistic study. A practical workshop on best practice use of ultrasound in linguistic study with ultrasound demonstration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Posters and bookmarks distributed at ASHA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster and bookmarks distributed, providing information on www.seeingspeech.ac.uk and www.dynamicdialects.ac.uk at the Annual convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). Materials distributed by Alan Wrench of Articulate Instruments on behalf of the research team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.asha.org/events/convention/
 
Description Postgraduate Training (São Paulo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact one week of masters / doctoral seminars at Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Brazil, primarily to a group of Speech Therapists and Therapy-oriented researchers.

Additional request for CAPES-funded international post-grad visit to QMU for 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation at Michigan SLT/audiology workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact 23/ 07/2018 A presentation was made to Speech and Language Therapy students and Audiology students from the University of Michigan, USA, on the www.seeingspeech.ac.uk and www.dynamicdialects.ac.uk vocal-tract imaging resources. There was also an introduction to the new Liquids (/l/ and /r/) resource - not yet launched. The talk involved a tour of the websites, explaining the vocal-tract-imaging technologies involved, how the resources were created and how they can be used. There was a particular focus at the end of the talk on the new Liquid consonants resource, comparing production strategies for /r/ across varieties of English, including American English.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.seeingspeech.ac.uk/redesign/
 
Description Press release for related project Sounds of the City (PI Prof Stuart-Smith) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release on the related Sounds of the City project (PI Prof. Stuart-Smith) was picked up by the Mail online, who reported on the Dynamic Dialects resource in their article 16/11/2015

Public will have been reminded of this resource.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3320379/I-cannae-believe-Scottish-accents-flourishing...
 
Description Public outreach Techfest 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public engagement talk on Seeing Speech and Dynamic Dialects and demonstration of ultrasound tongue imaging at Techfest, Science and Technology Festival in the North East of Scotland 9/09/2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.aberdeenperformingarts.com/events/techfest-dynamic-dialects
 
Description Radio interview BBC Scotland - accent and social class 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Eleanor Lawson was invited to take part in a discussion on "posh Scottish accents" on a Radio Scotland morning discussion programme, and was able to share findings of current and previous research, highlighting the resource www.dynamicdialects.ac.uk She explained changes that had occurred in middle-class and working-class Scottish speech over the past 60 years, with specific reference to the importance of /r/ in signalling social identity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Radio interview on BBC Scotland regarding the impact of broadcast media and gaming on accent 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Eleanor Lawson was invited to a radio interview on the Kay Adams show on Radio Scotland to discuss the impact of broadcast media and gaming on the accents of young people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Request to use site by Scottish Stammering Network Self Help groups 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Patients, carers and/or patient groups
Results and Impact We received an email request from Bill Nicol of the Scottish Stammering Network to use the Seeing Speech website in self-help group meetings, as it was felt that viewing the speech mechanism would help group members to view their stammering from a different angle.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Royal Institute of Great Britain Youtube accent video 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We were approached by the multimedia producer for the Royal Institute regarding permission to use videos on the www.dynamicdialects.ac.uk site and ArticulatoryIPA Youtube channel to produce a video on accent variation (part of their series of short Youtube science videos responding to questions from the public). We were able to recommend items from Dynamic Dialects and ArticulatoryIPA that were useful to them and 17 videos from our sites were included in the video they produced, made available on 7/7/2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bYxN-dV01Xs&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Royal Society (London) 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Scobbie (QMU) and Wrench (Articulate Instruments Ltd/QMU) were invited and funded to travel to London to present ultrasound tongue imaging as part of the Royal Society Lates / Twilight Science, in the "Sense Tent". The programme said "Venture round our marquee where you can have a whiff of some pathology perfumery, virtually train your tactility, conduct an ultrasound analysis of your voice, stimulate your tastebuds using electricity and experience audio-visual synaesthesia among other things. 6pm-9.30pm." There was a very large international audience of mainly young professional and academic adults, who expressed fascination with the technology and the articulatory underpinnings of speech production.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2016/07/twilight-science/
 
Description SLT UTI Study Day (06/14) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visualising Articulation: A Study Day for Speech & Language Therapists on Visual Biofeedback and Articulatory Models for treating Speech Sound Disorders. (5th June 2014), Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh.
Attended by NHS Speech and Language Therapists who wanted to find out about research findings on ultrasound tongue imaging fundamentals, what it reveals about typical populations and development, and how it can be used for biofeedback therapy.
Input from researchers on multiple projects for a full day workshop for local SLT managers and therapists, upper undergraduate and masters-level students.
a. EPSRC ULTRAX (Renals PI)
a. ESRC Mimicry (Scobbie PI)
c. Carnegie Trust Seeing Speech (Stuart-Smith PI)
d. AHRC Dynamic Dialects (Stuart-Smith PI)
(An associated advanced training workshop in UTI was also run at the same time - it is recorded as a separate event.)

Increased awareness of
a. the importance and use of visual biofeedback methods in speech therapy, protocols used in current successful therapy at QMU and elsewhere,
b. datasets of and research into typical production of a range of sounds, including social variation in adulthood and typical childhood articulation patterns
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Scobbie Scotsman article on articulation of /r/ 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in the Scotsman newspaper concerning research taking place at Speech and Hearing Sciences, Queen Margaret University Edinburgh, with a specific focus on the findings of articulatory research into /r/ and highlighting that the current project on changes in liquids is underway.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/jim-scobbie-i-am-addicted-to-the-noises-of-speech-1-4384202
 
Description Seeing Speech - public workshop at Glasgow Science Festival 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hands-on workshop held in the Glasgow University Laboratory of Phonetics, which was attended by members of the general public aged 6 to 60, which introduced articulatory phonetic analysis using ultrasound tongue imaging. All participants enjoyed taking part, and especially understanding how their tongue works when they talk from the direct visual input that UTI allows. This workshop was run by Jane Stuart-Smith and Fabienne Westerberg, who is an ESRC-funded student at GULP.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://glasgowsciencefestival.wordpress.com/2015/05/07/seeing-speech/
 
Description Seeing Speech - walk-up event at Kelvingrove Museum, 'Glasgow Innovates', Glasgow Science Festival 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Walk-up event for the general public run by Fabienne Westerberg, Jane Stuart-Smith and Jim Scobbie, Sat/Sun 4-5 June 16, with hands-on ultrasound tongue imaging demonstrations (2 portable machines). We imaged over 100 speakers each day, from toddlers and young children, to mums and dads and grannies and grandpas, all backgrounds, from Glasgow, Scotland, visiting tourists. Some children liked it so much on Saturday that they brought their families back the next day!
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seeing Speech at International Agents Recruitment symposium, Glasgow University 4 March 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Seeing Speech, with a demonstration of the websites, and live ultrasound tongue imaging, was presented as a segment of a Glasgow University International Recruitment Agents Symposium. These are agents, largely from EU/overseas, who recruit students, especially postgraduate students for Masters courses, from their home country. The Seeing Speech segment was given twice, to half of the agents in turn, with an opportunity to discuss and demonstrate speech production in languages other than English, e.g. Arabic, Italic, Burmese. All participants were fascinated by the tongue imaging during speech, and were also very interested in the webresources, especially now that they are so easily accessible via mobile devices.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Seeing Speech event at Glasgow Science Festival (14/06/15) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We ran two workshops called Seeing Speech. Each one attracted around 20 participants of all ages, from 2 to mid-50s. We gave a short presentation explaining speech production and ultrasound tongue imaging, and then participants volunteered to have their tongue imaged in order to carry out a collaborative quiz task. Everyone enjoyed the presentation, and especially the ultrasound imaging.

We had a range of participants, from families with young children to early teenaged schoolboys (who loved the ultrasound headset) to university students and couples interested in science. The evaluation sheets rated the workshops as 'excellent' or 'very good', saying that they were 'very interesting'. Two afterschool teachers had brought the group of teenage boys to the university, and were very enthusiastic about the impact of being in a phonetics lab and taking part in 'real' research. All the boys said that they would like to come to university and work in a lab like ours.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL https://glasgowsciencefestival.wordpress.com/2015/05/07/seeing-speech/
 
Description Seeing Speech events for the public, various venues (2015-2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Seeing Speech is an umbrella for CASL's public engagement that uses ultrasound tongue imaging as a way to highlight aspects of its research. In 2015 CASL delivered an event at the Glasgow Science Centre in collaboration with Glasgow University Laboratory of Phonetics (GULP), and an Explorathon event at the National Museum of Scotland. A further collaborative demonstration was given at the AHRC event "Digging into Data" at the Glasgow School of Art. In late 2015 as part of Prof Scobbie's Beltane public engagement fellowship, practical experience and networking led to a longer-term collaboration between CASL and ASCUS Labs, a science-and-arts collaboration at Summerhall (art centre) in Edinburgh, in which CASL loaned an ultrasound scanner and materials / tasks for their own science-art projects and as a convenient hub for our outreach. We have presented a number of times in 2016 at ASCUS to families and adults, with highly positive feedback. We also presented at Humbie Hub in East Lothian in 2016, Glasgow Science Festival (again with GULP). A few specific engagement events are reported separately.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.ascus.org.uk/wetlab-scotland/
 
Description Speech and Language Therapy Paediatric Study Day, 9th June 2015, QMU 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Positive comments by SLTs on the Seeing Speech and Dynamic Dialects resources.

After talk, SLTs commented on the usefulness of the resource.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Speech and Language therapy workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Comments on feedback sheets handed out to SLTs suggested that they felt the resource would have been very helpful to them during their training.

One attendee asked if she could learn more about the resource later.
Attendees were asked for their input on creating a clinically-focussed resource similar to Seeing Speech and Dynamic Dialects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Speech articulation event for the Glasgow Science Festival at the University of Glasgow followed by a hands-on UTI demonstration 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An hour long slot at the Glasgow Science Festival consisting of a 40 minute presentation about speech production with video of vocal fold vibration, MRI video of vocal organ movement and ultrasound tongue imaging (UTI) video of tongue movement, followed by 20 minutes of hands-on demonstration of UTI to the talk attendees with two ultrasound machine.

The event was rated as excellent by all attendees, who also reported that they felt they had learned things they didn't know about speech production in general and about their own speech.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Speech articulation event for the Glasgow Science Festival at the University of Glasgow followed by a hands-on UTI demonstration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An hour long slot at the Glasgow Science Festival consisting of a 40 minute presentation about speech production with video of vocal fold vibration, MRI video of vocal organ movement and ultrasound tongue imaging (UTI) video of tongue movement, followed by 20 minutes of hands-on demonstration of UTI to the talk attendees with two ultrasound machine.

The event was rated as excellent on feedback forms by all attendees, who also reported that they felt they had learned things they didn't know about speech production in general and about their own speech.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.glasgowsciencefestival.org.uk/
 
Description Student training, LSA Summer Institute, Chicago 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Jane Stuart-Smith was invited to give a course on the influence of the media on speech at the LSA Summer Institute, Chicago, July 2015. This had two segments which used materials from the Dynamic Dialects project (Seeing Speech), and reported results from the two ESRC projects on UTI and socially-stratified variation and change.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description UTI researcher training (06/14) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Advanced and Intermediate Training in UTI data analysis for post-doc, PhD and active researchers from around the UK, June 2014.
(See also a related Speech and Language Therapist Training event).

Academic colleagues requested further, regular (eg annual) events. Small grant application written and submitted to British Academy with one of the participants on the basis of their attendance (unsuccessful).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Ultrasound Tongue Imaging hands-on demo at the Science in the Community events 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 60 adults and children (of all ages) took part in hands-on ultrasound tongue imaging (UTI) demos at Anniesland Public Library and Drumchapel Community Centre as part of a community science even centring on the Queen's Baton Relay.

It is difficult to quantify the impact of this event; however, some children were very interested in the ultrasound machine and returned again and again to look at their tongue moving, experimenting with producing different speech sounds. At one venue, a young boy took over the demonstration and began showing people how to apply gel to the probe, where to place it under their chin and described their speech movements to them. I believe that the demonstration stimulated an interest in speech articulation for the children who returned again and again to the demo. As I said, it is very difficult to quantify what the long-term impact of this interest will be.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Using ultrasound tongue imaging to study variation in the GOOSE vowel across accents of English 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact This paper was an invited contribution to a special session of the Methods in Dialectology XV conference in Groningen, Holland. The session was entitled: Instrumental articulatory phonetics and dialectological fieldwork. Strange bedfellows? The paper set out the reasons for studying vowel variation from an articulatory perspective. It described some methodological innovations to improve inter-speaker comparison and a method for normalising data. It also identified issues and drawbacks relating to ultrasound use in the study of vowels that are still to be resolved.

The paper was reviewed by a discussant after it was delivered and was well-received in general. The paper led to talks with a postgraduate student who wanted to use ultrasound tongue imaging in her research. We set a date for a pilot recording session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://methodsxv.webhosting.rug.nl/
 
Description interview for 'accents' programme as part of BBC Radio 4's Broadcasting House; broadcast 18 November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Personal invitation to contribute to a segment on 'accents, variation and change' for BBC Radio 4's Broadcasting House programme, which was broadcast on Sunday 18 November 2018. The programme producer, Dearbhail Starr, was fascinated by the material which I contributed, which covered phonetic variation and change in Scottish English, based on research relating to the articulatory phonetic investigation of speech, and large-scale analysis of speech variation across English accents.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m00018sg
 
Description interview for BBC World Service: Crowd Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC World Service Crowd Science creates documentaries in response to listeners' questions. In this case, the listener's question was: why do acccents vary? The documentary makers came up to Glasgow to interview Jane Stuart-Smith as an expert on Glaswegian accent variation and change, including the ESRC-funded research on media impact on sound change, and variation and change in /r/. Whilst researching for the programme, they also came across the Dynamic Dialects and Seeing Speech websites, and were very interested in the ultrasound tongue imaging work that we were doing. During the recording for the programme, the presenter was recorded being imaged using ultrasound for a podcast to be put on the Crowd Science website alongside the programme, together with web links for Dynamic Dialects and Seeing Speech.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04d42rc
 
Description project demo at Digging into Data conference event, January 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited demostration of Dynamic Dialects web resources (Seeing Speech and Dynamic Dialects) to members of the Digging into Data showcase event, held at the Glasgow School of Art, 29 January 2016, as part of the Digging into Data conference for award holders, council administrators, and senior international research council leaders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description ultrasound demonstration at Applicants Day 31/03/15 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We discussed and demonstrated speech production using ultrasound tongue imaging and through looking at Seeing Speech website, and discussing recent findings from the ESRC Seeing the Links in the Speaker-Hearer Chain project, and the Looking Variation in the Mouth project. Applicants were excited and interested and asked many questions.

Applicants and their parents enjoyed their visit to the lab as a result of these hands-on activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description walk-up hands-on demonstration and public engagement event Kelvingrove Museum, part of Glasgow Science Festival (17/18 June 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Two full days of live ultrasound tongue imaging demonstration for the general public, from toddlers to grandparents, locals to international tourists - we also demonstrated the website, and carried out drawing activities with young children. Great feedback from all who attended!
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description workshops for general public on 'Science Sunday' for Glasgow Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hands-on workshops for the general public, presented as part of Glasgow Science Festival 'Science Sunday', 17 June 2018. Each workshop had 20+ participants, of all ages, from young children to grandparents, and this year, members of a local Russian language school. We demonstrated the websites, and carried out live ultrasound tongue imaging demonstration, with some other speech activities, and drawing activities for the children. Participants of all ages thoroughly enjoyed the workshop - none had ever had their speech imaged before, and were amazed to discover the role of the tongue in speech production.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018