Prominent possessors

Lead Research Organisation: School of Oriental & African Studies
Department Name: Languages, Cultures, and Linguistics

Abstract

It seems obvious that we say "Mary's children are intelligent", but not *"Mary's children is intelligent". Many other languages are like English in this respect, and linguists have an (apparently) good explanation for it. In the possessive noun phrase "Mary's children", "Mary" is the possessor and "children" is the possessed item. The possessed item is the head of the phrase and the possessor is a (grammatical) dependent of the head. The properties of the head are more important for larger syntactic structures containing the phrase than the properties of the dependent. In our example, the possessed noun "children" determines, i.e. controls, the form of the verb ("are intelligent"). Linguists call this relation "agreement". Since the possessor "Mary" is a dependent of "children", it cannot control agreement. That is why *"Mary's children is intelligent" is impossible. Speakers "know" this at some level, and we linguists have a technical explanation for these rules in terms of the properties of heads and dependents.

But not all languages behave like English in this respect, so the explanation that linguists have accepted cannot be a general one. A growing body of evidence demonstrates that in some languages, e.g. Maithili spoken in India or Chimane spoken in Bolivia, it is possible for the opposite to be true under certain conditions. Contrary to what is usually expected, when both possessor and possessed are part of the same syntactic phrase, the grammatical properties of the possessor (and not the possessed item) are relevant for syntactic processes such as agreement with the verb. In such cases, the possessor has a greater deal of 'prominence' than typically encountered.

This type of data presents linguistic theorists with a challenge. Agreement with a prominent possessor is an issue for syntactic theory because, despite attested variability across languages in this respect, models of syntax have little to say about it. They have hitherto assumed that agreement is a relation that holds between a verb and the head of one of its subject noun phrase(s), but not a dependent element within that noun phrase.

Another relevant syntactic process is switch-reference: a special type of marking indicating that the subjects of the two clauses refer to the same entity. It typically targets the head of the possessive phrase, but in some languages, e.g. Turkish, switch-reference marking indicates that the possessor within the subject phrase of one clause is interpreted as referring to the same entity as the subject of the second clause.

Data of this kind is typologically challenging because very little is known about how prominent possessors are manifested within the same phrase as the possessed item, and how they function in grammar. The extent of the phenomenon and in what languages and language families they are found has never been investigated. While currently understudied, the implications of these possessive constructions for our understanding of how grammar works are profound, and the time is ripe for a focused investigation.

Our collaborative project will (i) investigate the phenomenon of prominent possessors from a theoretical and cross-linguistic perspective; (ii) collect new data from little studied related and unrelated languages; (iii) compile a database and make it fully available for public online use; and (iv) publish articles on the significance of our findings for current theories of grammar.

Planned Impact

The core activities carried out for this research constitute empirically motivated theoretical work whose major impact will be within the field of linguistics, in particular in syntax and typology. While linguistic research of this kind makes a long-term contribution to a knowledge base that influences developments in social and commercial applications, we have identified two key communities beyond our narrow academic environment where impact will be more immediate, through the instigation of activities or development of resources that will increase the likelihood of engagement with the research outputs. Such resources are not currently available through any other outlet. The two impact-beneficiary groups can be identified as:

(i) The native speaker communities of two of the languages that will feature as part of our case study methodology, namely, Chimane and Tundra Nenets.

Both languages are highly endangered: there is a constant decline in the number of native speakers and the transmission of the language to children is limited. These negative factors notwithstanding, representatives of the native communities have expressed their wish to cooperate with linguists in documenting their languages as fully as possible and to have access to reliable online and printed resources supporting this goal.

The resources we are planning to create include a pedagogical primer for Chimane and new glossing conventions for use in Tundra Nenets language teaching. They will benefit the speakers of Chimane and Tundra Nenets by providing source and reference materials for their languages. With this we are hoping to increase language awareness in the local communities, and encourage younger generations to explore their traditional linguistic heritage. Our impact pathways will also support the activities of individuals in the two communities who are engaged in language pedagogy, online journalism and linguistic activism, and potentially contribute to language maintenance.

(ii) Members of the public who have an active interest in languages and/or socio-cultural diversity in general, particularly in issues surrounding language endangerment.

Our work will enhance the general knowledge and appreciation of endangered languages and cultures, bring largely unknown linguistic and cultural traditions to greater public attention, and provide better understanding of the factors that threaten and sustain languages. This will be achieved in part through public outreach activities to be held as part of the annual Endangered Languages Week held at SOAS, which will provide an opportunity to share socio-cultural and linguistic information about Chimane and Tundra Nenets to non-academic beneficiaries in an informal setting. This event is largely publicized and has been well attended by the members of non-academic public.

The further enhancement of existing online resources for Tundra Nenets - which have already generated considerable interest among non-academic users - will likewise allow the results of our research to be made accessible to the general public. These activities have the potential to improve awareness of biocultural diversity in its human context, and assist its measurement, assessment and maintenance. This goal is important because biocultural diversity is currently under threat and its loss spells dramatic consequences for humanity and the earth.

The PI's ability to deliver on these goals successfully is supported by her receipt of the Women of Discovery Humanity Prize from Wing World Quest (2008), the foremost international organization dedicated to recognizing and supporting the women who are advancing scientific inquiry, education and environmental conservation, and two awards for creating teaching aids for the minority communities in Russia (from Yakut Ministry of Education in 2000, and the Association of the Minorities of the Russian North in 2004).

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Typology of unsual possessive construction across a variety of world languages
Exploitation Route They can be used by academics and students of linguistics, in research and teaching linguistic courses
Sectors Education,Other

 
Description The Chimane pedagogical grammar (a primer book) written by a project member was sent to the local community, as well as the anthropolohogists and other researchers who work with it. We also provided recommendations on how it can be used in teaching it in the local schools. This was the first ever primer book in this language. The talk "The Marvels of Tundra Nenets" presented by Irina Nikolaeva in February 2017 at the Language Fest (SOAS) raised the awareness of linguistic diversity among the members of general public who attended this public event. The public online resource "Siberian languages and cultures" is a multimedia collection of linguistic and cultural information, which consists of a corpus of original texts in several minority languages in audio and (partly) video format with transcriptions, translations and analyses, as well as general information about the language, references, dictionaries, and images, all linked to present a flexible and interactive exploration space for a variety of users and to document a wide range of phenomena. It provides people from various backgrounds (linguists, anthropologists, speakers, language planners and the general public) with a database that can serve a variety of purposes, and raises public awareness of indigenous cultures and languages, and linguistic diversity. The Russian-languages glosses and grammatical labels created for Tundra Nenets within this project were first introduced in this online resources. They were discussed with the teachers of the Tundra Nenets language in Russia and the local language activists. This will have impact on the teaching of the indigenous Tundra Nenets language in the local schools in the Yamal autonomous district of Russia. The local community will have access for the Tundra Nenets database resources for teaching purposes and for general awareness of the role of indigenous language and culture. The glossing system will also be employed for the presentation of the folklore materials in Tundra Nenets language in the future publications on this language. A research database "Prominent Internal Possessors" has been added to the collection of the typological databases hosted by the University of Surrey. They provide an invaluable research tool for the study of linguistic typology, language diversity and cross-linguistic variation. It can be used by academics who do linguistic research and linguistics PhD students, as well as for the purpose of teaching general linguistics and language typology at the UG and PG level. In December 2018 the former member of the project Sandy Ritchie gave a seminar "Building Language Technology across the World's Languages" at SOAS. The seminar was aimed at SOAS students and general public. After Sandy Ritchie left the project, he started a successful industry career as an Analytical Linguist at Google. He works on speech recognition and and text-to-speech systems, with a special focus on under-resourced languages, building on the language documentation and language analysis skills he had acquired while working for the project. The seminar was delivered in addition to what was promised by the project. It explained Google's work on bringing language technology to more languages across the world and on offering automatic speech recognition and machine translation for more than 100 language varieties. The seminar presented the research and practical challenges involved with building language technology across so many different languages, and described the important role of linguistic expertise in this process, covering how linguists, software engineers, and research scientists collaborate at Google. There was room for Q&A for students interested in working in industry, so the seminar had very positive impact on their career plans.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Chimane Pedagogical Grammar was written in Spanish by Sandy Ritchie and passed to Manuel Roca, a Chimane translator and consultant; Candido Nery, the former president of the Great Chimane Council; and Tomas Huanca, an anthropologist who works with the Chimanes, for the implementation in local schools in Bolivia which teach Chimane language.
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Title Prominent possessors questionnaire 
Description A questionnaire designed to be used by linguists conducting fieldwork on prominent possessors. It includes an extensive list of properties of prominent possessors and can be used as a guide for eliciting new linguistic data on languages which might feature the phenomenon. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Our external collaborators in Turkey, Russia, US and Australia are using the questionnaire in their research on prominent possessors. They are also giving feedback on the content which we are incorporating into a new version which will be available to all interested researchers. 
 
Title Prominent internal possessors 
Description A Prominent Internal Possessor is an internal possessor that behaves, fully or partially, as if it were a clause-level element and the head of its own phrase, even though there is no independent evidence that it is external to the nominal phrase to which the possessed item belongs. Such possessors can be said to exhibit a higher level of syntactic (and possibly functional) prominence than their regular counterparts. The database consists of example data from over 50 languages with prominent internal possessors. The data can be filtered using responsive filters to restrict the results based on their grammaticality, the syntactic relation involved and the properties of the possessor, and then sorted using up to three parameters. Each record has the same basic anatomy. The syntactic relation exemplified by the example and any relevant agreement features are given at the top of the record. Underneath this is the example itself. To the right of the example (in the grey box) is a list of parameters on which different examples vary. Prominence conditions, grammaticality information, and any notes that help to explain the example are given at the foot of the example. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database is added to the collection of the typological databases hosted by the University of Surrey. They provide an invaluable research tool for the study of linguistic typology, language diversity and cross-linguistic variation. It can be used by academics who do linguistic research and linguistics PhD students, as well as for the purpose of teaching general linguistics and language typology. 
URL https://pips.surrey.ac.uk/about/
 
Title Siberian languages and cultures 
Description The present documentation is a multimedia collection of linguistic and cultural information, which consists of a corpus of original texts in several minority languages in audio and (partly) video format with transcriptions, translations and analyses, as well as general information about the language, references, dictionaries, and images, all linked to present a flexible and interactive exploration space for a variety of users and to document a wide range of phenomena. The aim is to provide people from various backgrounds (linguists, anthropologists, speakers, language planners and the general public) with a database that can serve a variety of purposes. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Russian-languages glosses and grammatical lables created for Tundra Nenets were were first introduced in the online resources. They were discussed with the teachers of the Tundra Nenets language in Russia and the local language activists. This will have impact on the teaching of the indigenous Tundra Nenets language in the local schools in the Yamal autonomous district of Russia. The local community will have access for the Tundra Nenets database resources for teaching purposes and for general awareness of the role of indigenous language and culture. The glossing system will also be employed for the presentation of the folklore materials in Tundra Nenets language in the future publications on this language. 
URL http://www.siberianlanguages.surrey.ac.uk/summary/
 
Description IATL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Nikolaeva, Irina. Internal possessors in possessive applicatives: A diachronic scenario. Paper presented at the 34th meeting of the Israeli Association of Theoretical Linguistics, 8 October 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 2nd presentation at international conference in Mexico 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sandy Ritchie had the talk 'Agreement with the internal possessor in Chimane: A mediated locality approach' accepted at the Syntax of the World's Languages 7 conference, Mexico City, Mexico. 19 August 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://swl-7.weebly.com/
 
Description Conference presentation "Prominent Internal Possessors as proximate possessors"; 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Prominent Internal Possessors as proximate possessors - a presentation at the Syntax of Uralic Languages conference in Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.nytud.hu/soul2017/
 
Description General Linguistics Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Bárány, András and Irina Nikolaeva. Possessors in switch-reference. Paper presented at the General Linguistics Seminar, Faculty of Linguistics, Philology, and Phonetics, University of Oxford, 19 November 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description LAGB 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Bárány, András and Irina Nikolaeva. Possessors in switch-reference. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Linguistics Association of Great Britain (LAGB), University of Sheffield, 14 September 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description LDLT5 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Sandy Ritchie, Irina Nikolaeva & Oliver Bond: Prominent possessors in the Indosphere
Presentation at the Language Documentation and Linguistic Theory-5 conference, SOAS, University of London. High-profile international conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/language-documentation-and-linguistic-theory-2016/
 
Description Language Fest 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A presentation "The Marvels of Tundra Nenets" at the Language Fest (21st February 2017), a publicly open event at SOAS that promotes awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. The presentation introduced the audience to a little known endangered language and culture, and highlighted its importance for the study of linguistic diversity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/news/newsitem118429.html
 
Description NELS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Bárány, András and Irina Nikolaeva. The syntax of noun phrase internal lexical possessors in Tundra Nenets. Paper presented at Conference NELS 49, Cornell University (US), 5 October 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Paris workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Bárány, András, Oliver Bond and Irina Nikolaeva. Workshop on Differential internal possessors organized at Syntax of the World's Languages conference (SWL) 8, INALCO, Paris, 3-5 September 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Poster presentation at workshop in Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation and workshop participation at the Workshop on Putting Fieldwork on Indigenous Languages to New Uses, which took place at the University of Campinas, Brazil on 31 March 2016. Engaged an international groups of students and professionals in the themes and aims of the Prominent Possessors project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://sites.google.com/site/pfilnu/
 
Description Presentation at Construction Grammar conference in Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Irina Nikolaeva gave the talk 'Mixed inheritance in possessive constructions' at the 9th International Conference on Construction Grammar, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil on 6 October 2016. The talk engaged specialists in the field of construction grammar with the themes and aims of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ufjf.br/iccg9/
 
Description Presentation at Linguistics Association of Great Britain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sandy Ritchie gave the talk 'A non-derivational account of possessive applicative constructions' at the Linguistics Association of Great Britain Annual Meeting 2016, University of York on 8 September 2016. He engaged the linguistics community in Great Britain with the themes and aims of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.lagb.org.uk/lagb2016/home
 
Description Presentation at Surrey Linguistics Circle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sandy Ritchie gave a talk entitled 'Internal possessor prominence in Chimane' at the Surrey Linguistics Circle, University of Surrey, Guildford on 27 October 2015. Attended by members of Surrey Morphology Group including PhD students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at conference in Naples, Italy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sandy Ritchie had the talk 'An unusual case of polyfunctionality of an antipassive' accepted to the 49th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europa, Naples, Italy. 31 August 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://sle2016.eu/
 
Description Presentation at international conference in Mexico 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oliver Bond gave a talk entitled 'Prominent possessors in the Indosphere' at Syntax of the World's Languages 7 in Mexico City, Mexico on 17 August 2016. Engaged an international audience concerned with descriptive and typological studies of syntax in the themes of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://swl-7.weebly.com/
 
Description Presentation at the HeadLex 2016 conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sandy Ritchie gave a talk entitled 'Two cases of prominent internal possessor constructions' at the Joint 2016 Conference on Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar and Lexical Functional Grammar at the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, Poland. Gained useful feedback and insight from experts in the field of theoretical syntax and fed these back to the team at the following meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://headlex16.ipipan.waw.pl/
 
Description Presentation at the University of Essex 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oliver Bond and Sandy Ritchie gave a talk entitled 'Prominent Possessors in the Tibeto-Burman area' at the University of Essex linguistics departmental seminar. The talk summarised new research into the phenomenon of prominent possessors in a language area which had hitherto been little studied. It generated a lively discussion among the staff and students of the linguistics department in Essex, particularly with respect to related linguistic phenomena for which more sophisticated analyses have already been developed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.essex.ac.uk/events/event.aspx?e_id=9252
 
Description Project presentation at SOAS (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Irina Nikolaeva, Sandy Ritchie and Oliver Bond gave an introductory talk about the project entitled 'Prominent Possessors' at SOAS, University of London on 11 November 2015. It was attended by SOAS students and staff and sparked a discussion on the project's principal themes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Project website and call for papers for a workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A series of webpages on the SOAS website which outline the aims of the project and the theme of the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors which will take place in September 2016. Received positive feedback from SOAS colleagues and other academics. The workshop was also announced on Linguist List, the main international portal for linguists (http://linguistlist.org/callconf/browse-conf-action.cfm?ConfID=227496).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/
 
Description Stuttgart 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Bárány, András, Oliver Bond, Greville G. Corbett and Irina Nikolaeva. 2018. Towards a typology of prominent internal possessors. Paper presented at the Workshop on Possessive relations at the 40th Conference of the German Linguistics Association (DGfS), University of Stuttgart, 9 March 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop - Introductory presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Irina Nikolaeva gave the introductory presentation at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors held at SOAS, University of London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop - presentation on Uralic languages 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Irina Nikolaeva gacve a talk on prominent possessors in Uralic languages at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop - presentation on heads in linguistic theory 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Greville Corbett gave a talk on the heads in linguistic theory at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop - presentation on languages of Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Rachel Nordlinger and Felicity Meakins gave a talk on prominent possessors in languages of Australia at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop - presentation on prominent possessors in Bashkir 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sergey Say gave a talk on prominent possessors in Bashkir at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop - presentation on prominent possessors in Chimane 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sandy Ritchie gave a talk on prominent possessors in Chimane at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop - presentation on prominent possessors in Maithili 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Yogendra Yadava, Sandy Ritchie, Irina Nikolaeva and Oliver Bond gave a talk on prominent possessors in Maithili at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop - presentation on prominent possessors in Oneida 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Karin Michelson gave a talk on prominent possessors in Oneida at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop - presentation on prominent possessors in Turkish 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Asli Goksel gave a presentation on prominent possessors in Turkish at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop - presentation on the database 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sandy Ritchie and Oliver Bond gave a talk on the project database at the Workshop on Prominent Internal Possessors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description Workshop on Prominent Possessors at SOAS (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International workshop on Prominent Possessors. Invited speakers from the US, Australia, Russia, Turkey and Nepal gave presentations alongside the local organizers on the major themes of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/prominent-possessors/workshop/
 
Description conference presentation "Possessors and non-canonical same-subject relations" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the ALT 2017 conference, University of Canberra, Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.dynamicsoflanguage.edu.au/alt-conference-2017/
 
Description conference presentation "Proximate Internal Possessors" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact conference presentation Proximate Internal Possessors at the LAGB 2017 conference, University of Kent, UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.lagb.org.uk/home2017
 
Description conference presentation "Proximate Internal Possessors" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact conference presentation Prominent Internal Possessor at the ALS 2017 conference, University of Sidney, Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://sydney.edu.au/arts/conference/als_2017/index.shtml
 
Description conference presentation "heads and dependents: non-canonical approach" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact conference presentation at the ALT 2017 conference at the University of Canberra, Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.dynamicsoflanguage.edu.au/alt-conference-2017/
 
Description conference presentation Prominent Internal Possessors in DOM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation "Prominent Internal Possessors in DOM" at the workshop Diachrony of Differential Object Marking. Paris, 16 November 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.assoc-asl.net/index.php?module=colloques&id=2336
 
Description conference presentation Proximate Possessors in Tundra Nenets 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation "Proximate Possessors in Tundra Nenets" at the South England LFG meeting, SOAS, UNiversity of London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://sites.google.com/site/selfgmeetings/home/selfg24
 
Description seminar presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation "Prominent Internal Possessors as a challenge to the theory of agreement" at the Linguistic Seminar of the university of Graz, Austria
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description soas-seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Daan van Esch and Sandy Ritchie (Google) Building Language Technology across the World's Languages. Talk presented at SOAS Linguistics Seminar, 12th December 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/languages-cultures-linguistics/events/12dec2018-building-language-technology-...