Iron Age and Roman Heritage: exploring ancient identities in modern Britain (IA&RH)

Lead Research Organisation: Durham University
Department Name: Archaeology

Abstract

We are proposing to conduct research and to exchange knowledge with stakeholders in order to understand how ideas and materials derived from the Iron Age and Roman past (c. 700 BC to AD 400) are drawn upon today in England, Scotland and Wales.
Powerful ideas about European cultural origin stemming from the writings of classical authors who drew a distinction between 'civilization' and 'barbarism' have been used to contrast native peoples with Roman invaders. In Britain concepts of civilization and barbarism have influenced how people understand the extent and character of the territories that make up the UK, the origins of their inhabitants and how they relate to people from overseas. The Iron Age and Roman periods are highly popular in present-day Britain as demonstrated, for example, by the frequency and interest with which important archaeological discoveries are communicated via newspapers, magazines, television, films (e.g. 'Centurion' and 'The Eagle') and novels. Community projects focusing on the Iron Age are addressing themes such as housing and sustainable ways of living, while the Roman past offers opportunities for considering military identity, concepts of civilisation and multicultural origins (see the visual evidence). Ancient monuments dating to these periods and the museums that display them are popular visitor attractions. Re-enacting, metal-detecting and taking part in archaeological projects are generating new and relevant forms of knowledge.
Academic research on the Iron Age and Roman past in the UK is widely recognised across Europe and America for its excellence, but, until now, the exploration of meaning in the past has often been distanced from the interests and concerns of the broader public (Hingley 2015). This project offers the new perspective of studying the living meaning of Iron Age and Roman materials and ideas by examining the creative and variable ways in which stakeholders incorporate the past into their researches, performances and actions. We will also unpick the values of heritage that are specific to the Iron Age and Roman pasts from those that are not. Our methodologies will allow access to significant new bodies of information both online and offline.
We will communicate our findings in order to challenge the divisions that currently separate the interests of stakeholders, including (but not limited to) academic archaeologists, heritage managers, re-enactors, visitors to ancient monuments and teachers. We intend to promote our work by developing existing contacts with researchers and practitioners in archaeology, heritage and museums nationally and internationally. Drawing upon the project team's connections, we will exchange knowledge of our results through digital means, conferences, and publications.

Planned Impact

The project will provide benefits for:
POLICY-MAKERS AND FUNDERS IN THE HERITAGE SECTOR (Historic England, Cadw, Historic Scotland, HLF, AHRC, etc.). Policy is gradually moving away from a narrow focus on conservation toward a greater appreciation of the importance of cultural heritage to individuals and communities (e.g. JPI 2014). Research has explored the cultural value of urban and industrial landscapes but approaches regarding ancient monuments generally remain focused on protection. This would seem to be a particularly timely opportunity to influence policy with the creation of English Heritage/Historic England. The perspectives and materials to be developed (Outputs 9, 11) will build upon PI's experience from the 'Tales of the Frontier' project (Hingley 2012), and on the work the present team have undertaken on digital heritage and ethnography.
ARCHAEOLOGISTS AND HERITAGE MANAGERS WORKING IN LOCAL AND NATIONAL MUSEUMS AND OPEN-AIR MUSEUMS. We will communicate a more coordinated and nuanced interpretation of IA&RH that can be drawn upon at monuments and museums. Only limited research has been undertaken to examine the ways that these places interpret the past, we intend to provide academic support for the development of future initiatives (Outputs 6, 9-10).
ARCHAEOLOGISTS WORKING IN LOCAL MUSEUMS, COUNCILS AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL UNITS INVOLVED WITH COMMUNITY PROJECTS either in a managing role or as advisors. There is relatively little synthetic research that addresses the community initiatives funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund or other organizations including AHRC. A set of archaeological guidelines (HLF 2013) focuses on excavation and recording only. This study will provide a fuller assessment of the contributions made by community groups to archaeology which should help justify the resources and to communicate the important role of archaeologists (Output 10).
COMMUNITY GROUPS AND DIGITAL COMMUNITIES with an interest in IA&RH. A number of community projects draw upon archaeological research, (re)construction and living history and we will provide a more informed understanding of the range and character of such work (Output 10). This should help to support the growth of new and existing communities initiatives offline and online (Output 7).
MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC WHO VISIT IA&RH places (ancient monuments, open-air museums and museums). Output 9 will be freely available on the Internet that will itemize, communicate and interpret places in public ownership and the range of values that stakeholders attribute to these.
STORYTELLERS, RE-ENACTORS, DRUIDS AND PAGANS. Archaeologists are often critical of the heritage created by these groups, but by taking a more open approach we seek to communicate and promote a coordinated agenda that draws upon their activities and attitudes to create a broader range of concepts of heritage (Outputs 5-11).
TEACHERS IN SCHOOLS who teach the IA and Roman past can currently draw upon a range of digital sources, some of which are free of charge and others not. We will provide a synthesis of these data sets and will emphasize the importance of IA&RH in school education (archaeology currently remains fairly marginal to the curriculum). The potential to address issues of mobility and frontiers is clearly indicated by existing teaching packs and community projects and we aim to provide an academic context for the educational themes by exploring the potential of IA and Roman places (Output 8).
DIGITAL ENGAGEMENT PRACTITIONERS working in the heritage and museum sectors. The digital technologies and online platforms that we seek to develop (Outputs 3, 7) aim to provide models for future research.
 
Title Introductory article on Boudica for the programme for Tristan Bernays' play Boudica, performed at the Globe Theatre, London, in the Autumn of 2017 
Description An introductory article to explain the role of Boudica in history, politics and art. This is one of two articles that form an introduction to the conference programme for the play on Boudica by Tristan Bernays, performed in the Globe Theatre, London, in October 2017 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Helping inform the audience to this popular play about the life and reception of Boudica, including her reception as part of Brexit. 
 
Description The project is running for three years and 3 months and commenced in July 2016. The CI working on digital heritage was appointed then (Chiara Bonacchi). The PDRA undertaking the ethnographic work was appointed in October 2016 (Dr Kate Sharpe). Bonacchi moved to a lecture in Archaeology in Stirling in 2018, but is still employed full time on the project until the completion of the contract.

We organised a workshop at the Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference in March 2017 and a session at the European Archaeological Association in September 2017. We have also presented at a variety of other venues and undertaken several pieces of ethnographic fieldwork, including at Vindolanda, the Scottish Crannog Centre, Butser Ancient Farm and Castell Henllys. We have another session organised for the European Archaeological Association Conference in September 2019. We have a number of articles already published (including significant outputs in the journals Britannia and Journal of Social Archaeology). Work on the final monographs and other outputs is progressing on target.

The research has been deeply rewarding and also challenging. The digital heritage research indicates the fundamental role of certain images derived from Britain's Iron Age and Roman past (e.g. 'Boudica, Hadrian's Wall, the Average Romano-British family') in current political debate. The ethnographic fieldwork is providing insights into how public heritage venues are brought to life through living history and the disengagement of academic and professional archaeologists from these practices.

I have commented 'yes' below as we are confident of meeting our original objectives by the time of the completion of the award.
Exploitation Route The digital aspect of the project on the website noted above is actively seeking input from anyone that wishes to contribute. We are designing the research through discussion with heritage practitioners in national heritage agencies, museums and open-air museums to ensure that our results are of value and to arrange access to audiences. We have been talking to educational practitioners with regard to project outputs and also additional outcomes. We are involved in developing a conference with Tullie House Museum as part of their initiative to redevelop their Prehistory Gallery. Relevant information will be included in outputs from the project.
Sectors Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail

URL http://ancientidentities.org
 
Description We have gained interest from a number of partner organisations that we are involving in this research, including Historic Environment Scotland, English Heritage, Historic England, the British Museum, The National Museum of Scotland, Vindolanda Roman Museum, the Hadrian's Wall Management Plan Partnership Group, Butser Ancient Farm, Castell Henllys, The Museum of the Iron Age, Tullie House Museum and the Ancient Technology Centre. We have also undertaken substantial international networking resulting into potential future extensions of research in countries including Italy, the Netherlands, Serbia, Spain and Jordan. We have been working to build upon and extend these contacts as part of the development of a number of our outputs prior to the completion of the award. We are involved in developing a conference with Tullie House Museum as part of their initiative to redevelop their Prehistory Gallery.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic

 
Description Dr Chiara Bonacchi participated in the expert workshop organized by the AHRC, Heritage Futures, the Alan Turing Institute and the British Library on 'Heritage Data', British Library, UK.Participation on the potential of big data for research in the GLAM sector.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact A number of points relating to crowdsourcing and social media data mining were raised and informed the conversation and report - these points derived from research undertaken as part of the MicroPasts and Ancient Identities Today projects.
 
Description Richard Hingley has been asked to join the Bratislava Committee. The international committee of academic experts that advises on the Frontiers of the Roan Empire World Heritage Site.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact The Bratislava group has existed for several decades to advise on the Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site. Because of my involvement in Hadrian's Wall and the developing heritage related work arising from Ancient Identities (which also addresses Hadrian's Wall), I was asked in September 2018 to join this committee, which advises on World Heritage policy for this expanding site (across Europe and the Mediterranean)
URL http://limescroatia.eu/the-bratislava-group/
 
Description UCL Global Engagement Fund
Amount £2,000 (GBP)
Organisation University College London 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 07/2017
 
Description Digital Data Curation 
Organisation British Museum
Department Department of Britain, Europe and Prehistory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The team, led by Dr Bonacchi for this collaboration, has started to organise a workshop on the public curation of big data that fuels research in the heritage sector. The workshop will be held in May 2017
Collaborator Contribution NA The workshop has not taken place yet.
Impact NA
Start Year 2016
 
Description Digital Data Curation 
Organisation Carleton University
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The team, led by Dr Bonacchi for this collaboration, has started to organise a workshop on the public curation of big data that fuels research in the heritage sector. The workshop will be held in May 2017
Collaborator Contribution NA The workshop has not taken place yet.
Impact NA
Start Year 2016
 
Description Digital Data Curation 
Organisation Harvard University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The team, led by Dr Bonacchi for this collaboration, has started to organise a workshop on the public curation of big data that fuels research in the heritage sector. The workshop will be held in May 2017
Collaborator Contribution NA The workshop has not taken place yet.
Impact NA
Start Year 2016
 
Description Digital Data Curation 
Organisation Michigan State University
Department Department of Plant Biology
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The team, led by Dr Bonacchi for this collaboration, has started to organise a workshop on the public curation of big data that fuels research in the heritage sector. The workshop will be held in May 2017
Collaborator Contribution NA The workshop has not taken place yet.
Impact NA
Start Year 2016
 
Description Digital Data Curation 
Organisation University College London
Department Division of Medicine
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The team, led by Dr Bonacchi for this collaboration, has started to organise a workshop on the public curation of big data that fuels research in the heritage sector. The workshop will be held in May 2017
Collaborator Contribution NA The workshop has not taken place yet.
Impact NA
Start Year 2016
 
Description Heritage Crowdsourcing 
Organisation British Museum
Department Digital and Publishing
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Dr Chiara Bonacchi has been working with other members of the MicroPasts team (Daniel Pett, British Museum; Andy Bevan UCL Institute of Archaeology) and the crowdsourcing development company SciFabric on the creation of new crowdsourcing templates that will be used as part of the Ancient Identities Today project. MicroPasts is an AHRC-funded project that is still ongoing as a collaboration between the British Museum and the UCL Institute of Archaeology. Dr Bonacchi enriched the MicroPasts crowdsourcing website with new kinds of heritage crowdsourcing.
Collaborator Contribution Daniel Pett, Andy Bevan and SciFabric supported Chiara Bonacchi in the technical development and review of the new heritage crowdsourcing templates.
Impact As a result of this collaboration a number of new templates for heritage crowdsourcing were developed. These templates will be used for the Ancient Identities Today project. However, they have also been shared and made available for download and re-use via the project GitHub account: https://github.com/IARHeritages.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Heritage Crowdsourcing 
Organisation SciFabric
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Dr Chiara Bonacchi has been working with other members of the MicroPasts team (Daniel Pett, British Museum; Andy Bevan UCL Institute of Archaeology) and the crowdsourcing development company SciFabric on the creation of new crowdsourcing templates that will be used as part of the Ancient Identities Today project. MicroPasts is an AHRC-funded project that is still ongoing as a collaboration between the British Museum and the UCL Institute of Archaeology. Dr Bonacchi enriched the MicroPasts crowdsourcing website with new kinds of heritage crowdsourcing.
Collaborator Contribution Daniel Pett, Andy Bevan and SciFabric supported Chiara Bonacchi in the technical development and review of the new heritage crowdsourcing templates.
Impact As a result of this collaboration a number of new templates for heritage crowdsourcing were developed. These templates will be used for the Ancient Identities Today project. However, they have also been shared and made available for download and re-use via the project GitHub account: https://github.com/IARHeritages.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Heritage Crowdsourcing 
Organisation University College London
Department Institute of Archaeology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Chiara Bonacchi has been working with other members of the MicroPasts team (Daniel Pett, British Museum; Andy Bevan UCL Institute of Archaeology) and the crowdsourcing development company SciFabric on the creation of new crowdsourcing templates that will be used as part of the Ancient Identities Today project. MicroPasts is an AHRC-funded project that is still ongoing as a collaboration between the British Museum and the UCL Institute of Archaeology. Dr Bonacchi enriched the MicroPasts crowdsourcing website with new kinds of heritage crowdsourcing.
Collaborator Contribution Daniel Pett, Andy Bevan and SciFabric supported Chiara Bonacchi in the technical development and review of the new heritage crowdsourcing templates.
Impact As a result of this collaboration a number of new templates for heritage crowdsourcing were developed. These templates will be used for the Ancient Identities Today project. However, they have also been shared and made available for download and re-use via the project GitHub account: https://github.com/IARHeritages.
Start Year 2016
 
Title Crowdsourcing templates 
Description Crowdsourcing templates to support content analysis. These are available on the Ancient Identities Today GitHub account, together with other research software developed (i.e. scrapers). 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2016 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact NA Software has just been developed and impact will be reported in future. 
URL https://github.com/IARHeritages
 
Title Software for text extraction and analysis 
Description Software for text extraction and analysis, including workflows to handle big data sets extracted from social media 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2017 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Presenting workflows to handle big data sets, extracting them from social media and analysing them to examine public perceptions of the past. This kind of software was not available previously, although it builds on existing libraries and packages developed in R and Python. 
URL https://github.com/IARHeritages
 
Title The Heritage of Brexit 
Description Bespoke research software developed to undertake research on the Heritage of Brexit. Programming languages: R, Python. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Re-use for research about uses of the ancient past in social media political activism, drawning on big data. 
 
Description 'Archeologia e comunicazione' (Archaeology and Communication). Keynote given by Dr Chiara Bonacchi for the Workshop 'Archeologia e comunita': una stratigrafia di relezioni' (Archaeology and communities: a statigraphy of relations', given on 19/12/17 at IULM University, Milan, Italy. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A lecture where both MicroPasts and the Ancient Identities Today projects featured prominently.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'European Heritage and political identities in the age of digital post-truths', Seminar for the Cultural Heritage Europe Network given on 03/10/17 by Dr Chiara Bonacchi and Marta Krzyzanska, UCL Institute of Archaeology, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact more than 50 between students, researchers and practitioners were reached. Learned about the first analysis of the role of the past in the Brexit vote and the first to use big data to analyse public perceptions about the past. Students particularly asked for guidance and help to support their work in digital heritage, having been inspired by the presentation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Heritage, online political activism and the deconstruction of European identities', Research seminar given by Dr Chiara Bonacchi on 15/11/2017, for the Research Seminar Series, Archaeology Department, Durham University, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Reached about 50 people. Reported increased interest in Digital Heritage at Durham Archaeology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Public perceptions of the past, political identities and the impact of expert practices: From the Iron Age to Brexit'. Seminar given by Dr Chiara Bonacchi on 27/11/2017, for the Research Seminar Series, UCL Institute of Archaeology, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Research seminar, attracted about 50 people and led to exchanges on the subject.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Rome keeps on falling'. Lecture given on 13/12/17 by Dr Chiara Bonacchi, as Guest Speaker at Digging into the Dark Ages: The University of Chester Archaeology Student Conference, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact A talk that drew on research undertaken as part of the Ancient Identities Today project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'The British past in Brexit debates on social media: Uses and meanings', presentation given by Dr Chiara Bonacchi on 05/05/17, for the workshop Brexit, Archaeology and Heritage: reflections and agendas, UCL Institute of Archaeology, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Reached 40-50 people talking about the role of the past and heritage experts in Brexit-related discussion. Steered reflection amongst practitioners on their social role.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 09/11/18 talk: 'The Roman Past in Social Media Discourse about the UK-Mexican Border', Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Studies (London, UK). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 09/11/18 talk: 'The Roman Past in Social Media Discourse about the UK-Mexican Border', Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Studies (London, UK).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 11/02/19 talk: 'Heritage, Nationalism and Online Political Activism', Digital Scholarship Centre, University of Edinburgh (Edinburgh, UK). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 11/02/19 'Heritage, Nationalism and Online Political Activism', Digital Scholarship Centre, University of Edinburgh (Edinburgh, UK).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 15/01/19 'Re-thinking digital heritage research: practices, epistemologies and ethics', York Heritage Research Seminars, University of York, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 15/01/19 'Re-thinking digital heritage research: practices, epistemologies and ethics', York Heritage Research Seminars, University of York, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 18/04/2018 'Crossing borders: Heritage and Brexit in the North of England and Scotland, Berwick-upon-Tweed, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 18/04/2018 'Crossing borders: Heritage and Brexit in the North of England and Scotland, Berwick-upon-Tweed, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 18/06/2018 'Inclusive Heritages: Keynote', Inaugural Workshop of the Cultural Heritage Research Group, University of Edinburgh. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 18/06/2018 'Inclusive Heritages: Keynote', Inaugural Workshop of the Cultural Heritage Research Group, University of Edinburgh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 19/02/19 Talk: 'The role of the past in social media populism: from Brexit to Trumpism, Computational and Digital Archaeology Lab, University of Cambridge (Cambridge, UK). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 19/02/19 'The role of the past in social media populism: from Brexit to Trumpism, Computational and Digital Archaeology Lab, University of Cambridge (Cambridge, UK).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 2017, 'Digital Heritage 'Big' Data Hacking and Visualisation', International Workshop organised at the UCL Institute of Archaeology by Dr Chiara Bonacchi and Dan Pett (British Museum, UK). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This workshop will discuss expressive uses of 'big data' visualisations to engage citizens with the results of research into the human past and its contemporary legacies. It will bring together perspectives coming from the creative arts, design, software development, cultural heritage and museum studies.
Speakers and discussants will reflect over the principles that could and should be driving the development of digital applications for the public interpretation and communication of heritage research that is based on the analysis of relatively large, varied and rapidly changing quantities of data extracted from web infrastructures.
The workshop is linked to the Ancient Identities Today project, which is experimenting with approaches that combine the use of 'smaller' and 'bigger' data online and offline, to study and communicate the meanings and uses of ideas and materials from the Iron Age, Roman and Early Medieval pasts in contemporary Britain.
Organisers: Chiara Bonacchi (UCL Institute of Archaeology) and Daniel Pett (British Museum)
The event is funded by the UCL Global Engagement Fund, with additional sponsorship from the UCL Centre for Digital Humanities, and the UCL Institute of Archaeology Heritage Studies Section.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ancientidentities.org/digital-heritage-workshop/
 
Description A seminar presented in the Archaeology department, Edinburgh University in December 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A seminar presented to an audience of around 50+ in Edinburgh that outlined the aims and initial results of the 'Iron Age and Roman Heritages' project. This was useful as a way of developing contacts in Scotland. Seminar presented by Richard Hingley and attended by PDR, Kate Sharpe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ed.ac.uk/history-classics-archaeology/archaeology/news-events/events/archaeology-seminars
 
Description A talk by Richard Hingley on the Hadrian's Wall Research Framework for the Networking meeting in Hexham on 10th February 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk about the Hadrian's Wall Research Framework for members of the public at the Hadrian's Wall Networking meeting in Hexham. This is an annual event attended by many members of the public. I talked about the academic archaeological research framework and our plans to involve the public in producing this document. This raises out of both the 'Tales of the Frontier' and 'Ancient Identities' project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.eventbrite.com/e/hadrians-wall-networking-day-tickets-40905539570
 
Description A talk on Iron Age and Roman heritages at the Massachusetts Amherst Oxford Summer Seminar in July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A talk on the Iron Age and Roman past in Britain to an audience of postgraduate and postdoctoral students partaking in the Massachusetts Amherst Oxford Summer Seminar at Trinity College, Oxford University on 24 July 2018. This international body of students travels to Britain and visits various heritage attractions. I was invited as an international guest speaker as a result of my research, archaeological and literary interests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A workshop to discuss the thematic approach of the 'Iron Age and Roman Heritages' project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A workshop for academic colleagues in Durham and London to discuss the themes to be used by the developing 'Iron Age and Roman Heritages' project. This produced some useful results for the scoping of the digital and ethnographic research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://ancientidentities.org
 
Description Ancient Identities Today. Exploring Iron Age and Roman Heritage in Modern Britain - for the Research Seminar Series, Archaeology Department, Bournemouth University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation communicated the objective, aims and methodology of the project, focusing on ethnographic work, and reported some fieldwork undertaken in 2017. Audience challenged to consider their own perceptions of the Iron Age and Roman periods and to share them resulting in lively discussion about the role of archaeologists in shaping public ideas of the past.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Contribution to a Radio 4 (BBC) programme 'The Forum' on 'Boudica: Warrior Queen' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was one of three experts in a BBC TV programme (as part of the series The Forum) that discussed Boudica as a historical and political figure. From the number of subsequent enquires I received, this evidently reached a wide audience. Boudica has been important to the research that we have been pursuing in Ancient Identities and I receive one or two enquiries a month about her final battle site, etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0bdx20z
 
Description Dr Chiara Bonacchi acted as panel member for the Early Career Workshop, organised by the AHRC Heritage Priority Area, on 04/11/2017 at British Academy, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This talk reached about 80 early career researchers and changed their perceptions on the role they can have in AHRC applications. Participants gained awareness of the possibility of acting as CI and how to go about making that happen without holding a permanent research contract.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Dr Chiara Bonacchi participated in the expert workshop organized by the AHRC, Heritage Futures, the Alan Turing Institute and the British Library on 'Heritage Data', British Library, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation on the potential of big data for research in the GLAM sector. A number of points relating to crowdsourcing and social media data mining were raised and informed the conversation and report - these points derived from research undertaken as part of the MicroPasts and Ancient Identities Today projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Ethnographic fieldwork at The Scottish Crannog Centre, Perthshire. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ethnographic field work including surveys of general public, and interviews and participant observation of tour guides, staff, and managers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Ethnographic fieldwork at Vindolanda Roman Fort and Museum, Northumberland 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ethnography fieldwork including surveys of general public, semi-structured interviews, and participant observation with managers, staff, students, and volunteers over two week-long visits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Ethnography fieldwork - educators 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interviews and discussion with various experts in History teaching at Primary level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ethnography fieldwork at Butser Ancient Farm 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interviews with heritage team and volunteers, and surveys of visitors over a week.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ethnography fieldwork at Castell Henllys 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interviews with Heritage Team and survey of visitors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ethnography fieldwork at Hengistbury Head Visitor Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interview with Curator
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ethnography fieldwork at The Ancient Technology Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interviews with heritage team and volunteers over a week.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ethnography fieldwork at The Museum of the Iron Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interview with Curator + guided explanation of museum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Le Scienze (2018): http://www.lescienze.it/news/2018/09/29/news/effetti_brexit_ricerca_gran_bretagna-4130010/?refresh_ce. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact • Le Scienze (2018): http://www.lescienze.it/news/2018/09/29/news/effetti_brexit_ricerca_gran_bretagna-4130010/?refresh_ce.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Lecture at 'Celtic Classical Conference' in Oxford in June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Talk on Hadrian's Wall at Celtic Classical Conference in Oxford on the inclusive and divisive uses of Hadrian's Wall in the past decade. This is research deriving from the 'Tales of the Frontier' project and the paper is being written up for the final conference proceedings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://torch.ox.ac.uk/celts-romans-britons-classical-and-celtic-influence-britain-55-bc---2016-ad
 
Description Lecture given by Dr Chiara Bonacchi and Marta Krzyzanska at the pre-conference workshop, Researching Digital Cultural Heritage, International Conference, Manchester University, UK, on 29/11/2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Chiara Bonacchi and Marta Krzyzanska gave a lecture about the use of R programming for text analysis in heritage studies. In doing so, they presented in details the workflows developed for the Ancient Identities Today project, including the text mining and topic modelling techniques.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ancientidentities.org/digital-methods-cultural-heritage-studies/
 
Description Lecture on 'Hadrian's Wall and Frontier Identities over time' in session on 'Location, Location, Location: Constructing Frontier Identities' at the Theoretical Archaeology Congress in Chester in December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This talk focused on the identities of people on the Wall in the Roman past and the relevance of this material for societies in Britain and Europe today. It was held at the major conference on theory in archaeology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://tagdeva.wordpress.com/sessions/
 
Description Lecture on 'Iron Age Societies and Kinship Theory' in session on 'Constructing Social Theory for the 'Different' Iron Age at the European Archaeological Association in Maastricht (the Netherlands). This drew upon research for 'Ancient Identities' in exploring the creation of heritage related to the sustainable Iron Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Lecture at an academic conference to an audience including established academics and early career researchers. To communicate some of the results arising from the Ancient Identities project. A volume is going to be produced from this session and I have been invited to produce a paper for this.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.e-a-a.org/EAA/Conferences/Past_EAA_Conferences/EAA/Navigation_conferences/Past_conferenc...
 
Description Lectures by project members Hingley, Bonacchi and Sharpe and co-organised of a session 'Transnational Perspectives on the Legacy of the Ancient Past in Europe' at the European Archaeological Association Conference at Maastricht (the Netherlands) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The 'Ancient Identities' project organised a successful session on 'Transnational Perspectives on the Legacy of the Ancient Past in Europe' at the European Archaeological Association conference in Maastricht on 31st August 2017. This included a range of papers, including three delivered by project members to higgling the initial results of the project and also additional papers by contributors from Spain, Serbia and Britain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.e-a-a.org/EAA/Conferences/Past_EAA_Conferences/EAA/Navigation_conferences/Past_conferenc...
 
Description Observations of educational visit by primary schools to Prehistory Day at Palace Green Museum, Durham. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Observations of a visit by 60 KS2 school children to Palace Green Archaeology Museum, Durham for a day learning about Prehistory. Interviews with staff, education officers and museum curator.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Plenary lecture titled 'Chorographies of the Frontier: An archaeology of borders walls' presented by Richard Hingley at the 'Chorographies Symposium' in Lancaster in June 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Plenary lecture on borders and walls at a two day symposium on Chorography organised in Lancaster. This outlined some of the results of the 'Ancient Identities' project on the topic of Hadrian's Wall and its international context.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wp.lancs.ac.uk/lakesdeepmap/events/chorographies-symposium/
 
Description Regular blogging and social media engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We have set up a website to engage members of the public with the aims methods and progress of our research. We are blogging regularly about our research, tweeting and posting updates on the project's social media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL http://ancientidentities.org
 
Description Richard Hingley was interviewed for Tom Holland's programme 'Making History: Hadrian's Wall' broadcast on 18th July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed as part of a 60 minute programme about Hadrian's Wall and its legacy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08y0wsl
 
Description Seminar at UCL London in January 2019 on 'An Archaeology of Empire' in the series 'London Classics Archaeology Seminars' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk on a theme which has been emerging from Hingley research for Ancient Identities on the ways that concepts derived from classical Rome remain fundamental to later attempts to build imperial power.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://ics.sas.ac.uk/events/seminar-lecture-series
 
Description Short talk on Roman frontiers and heritage at international meeting 'Wall to Wall: the Hadrian's Wall and the Great Wall of China Management Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I attended and contributed to the seminar on Hadrian's Wall and the Great Wall of China that was organised by Historic England and the Chinese Academy for Culture Heritage in Newcastle (UK) on 19th to 21st March 2018. There was a quite open discussion about research on both walls including a debate about some of the ethnographic work that is occurring, which was deeply relevant to research arising in the Ancient Identities project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://research.ncl.ac.uk/heritage-newcastle/newsevents/walltowallseminar.html
 
Description Talk at UCL Institute of Archaeology Research Seminar Series 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was a talk on the public perception and experience of ideas relating Iron Age, Roman, Early Medieval mobility in contemporary British society and especially in the context of Brexit. There was an audience including academics and members of the public.

Outcomes included changes in colleagues' ideas about the topic and an invitation to present at an interdisciplinary workshop on Brexit, Archaeology and Heritage: Reflections and Agendas. The workshop will include both academics and other professionals e.g. working in public policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/calendar/articles/2016-17-events/20170320
 
Description Talk at and participation in the International Limes (Roman Frontiers) Congress in Serbia, September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I presented a talk on 'Roman Frontiers in the UK: assessing what visitors value about the Roman past' in a session entitled 'Presenting the Romans', organised by Nigel Mills and Christof Flugel. This addressed the results emerging from the ethnographic work emerging from Ancient Identities, particularly focusing on the topics of migration and bordering. This was a useful session and I made a range of additional contacts as a result of discussions during the Congress, which ran over 9 days and included field trips in addition to lectures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://limes2018.org/?s=Hingley
 
Description Talk at the Classics department, Durham, January 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A seminar delivered to the Classical Reception Centre at the University of Durham on 1st February that outlined the project, 'Iron Age and Roman heritages' and ran through some of our initial findings. This was well attended and created some new contacts. Seminar presented by Richard Hingley and attended by PDRA, Kate Sharpe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.dur.ac.uk/classical.tradition/
 
Description Talk by Richard Hingley and Kate Sharpe on 'Understanding the Iron Age. Public Perceptions, Educational Engagement, and 'Expert' Interpretation at Open-Air Heritage Venues in Britain' in session on 'Britain has had enough of experts' at the Theoretical Archaeology Group at Chester in December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This talk addressed directly some of the results coming out of the ethnographic research for the Ancient Identities project, exploring how people who work at open-air museums (venues with reconstructed Iron Age roundhouses) seek to interpret the Iron Age for visitors. Many of these people are not formally trained as archaeologists and it is interesting to see the degree to which they fell able to discuss the Iron Age past in an imaginative manner and the extent to which they may feel constrained by ideas stemming from authorised heritage discourse. This is one of the main themes emerging from the ethnographic research on our project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://tagdeva.wordpress.com/sessions/britain-has-had-enough-of-experts/
 
Description Talk by Richard Hingley at Heidelberg, Germany, 'Congress on Romanisation'. The lecture was entitled 'Romanisation and globalisation: conceptualising cultural change in the Roman Empire'. It drew upon some of the initial results from the 'Ancient Identities' project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A talk that outlined some of the initial results of the Ancient Identities project, addressing cultural change and identity in the Roman Empire
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.klassische-archaeologie.uni-hd.de/romanization17/index.html
 
Description The Times (2018): https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/nigel-farage-is-boudica-to-europe-s-roman-emperors-say-cyberwarriors-jcl3xzm8l. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact • The Times (2018): https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/nigel-farage-is-boudica-to-europe-s-roman-emperors-say-cyberwarriors-jcl3xzm8l.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visits to various museums and heritage centres to interview managers and staff 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Visits to The British Museum, The Museum of London, Hengistbury Head Visitor Centre, The Museum of the Iron Age, Butser Ancient Farm, and The Ancient Technology Centre. Visits included observations of displays plus semi-structured interviews with curators, heritage managers, education officers, and archaeologists at each venue.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Worship on Iron Age and Roman Heritages at the Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference March 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This workshop is rot be held in March 2017 as part of the programme at the Theoretical Roman Archaeology conference in Durham. We will report back the results next year.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.dur.ac.uk/conference.booking/details/?id=626
 
Description • 2018, 'The pop-up museum', Exhibition session at Mozilla Festival (Mozfest), London. Co-organised with Dan Pett (Fitzwilliam Museum), Jennifer Wexler (British Museum), 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact • 2018, 'The pop-up museum', Exhibition session at Mozilla Festival (Mozfest), London. Co-organised with Dan Pett (Fitzwilliam Museum), Jennifer Wexler (British Museum),
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description • 2018, Social Heritages: Addressing Global Challenges in Contemporary Society. Culture and Heritage Session, delivered for Research Week, at University of Stirling, UK. Highlighting innovative research directions for the field. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 2018, Social Heritages: Addressing Global Challenges in Contemporary Society. Culture and Heritage Session, delivered for Research Week, at University of Stirling, UK. Highlighting innovative research directions for the field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description •AHRC Heritage Priority area blog (2018): https://heritage-research.org/case-studies/hadrians-wall-education-heritage-presented-us-security-policy/. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact • AHRC Heritage Priority area blog (2018): https://heritage-research.org/case-studies/hadrians-wall-education-heritage-presented-us-security-policy/.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018