Listening and British cultures: listeners' responses to music in Britain, c. 1700-2018

Lead Research Organisation: Open University
Department Name: Faculty of Arts and Social Sci (FASS)

Abstract

The study of music has typically focused on the work, the composer and the performer. More recently, interest has focused on the listener, but generally from the perspective of psychology or reception studies, which draw their evidence from experimentation, interview or musically informed critical opinion. The approach of this project is different: it places the listener at the heart of musical experience in Britain in the period c.1700-2018, emphasising the written testimony of the impact of music on 'ordinary' people. Typically the material is drawn from diaries, letters and memoirs. The evidence is all the more potent for being personal and often musically 'uninformed' or naïve. The team believes that such evidence facilitates a new way of studying how and what music communicates, and that it can, when gathered as a mass, inform novel approaches to musicology.

The project will address three research questions:
1. What can personal accounts of listening to music in Britain tell us about how listeners recognise and identify with a common culture through music?
2. What can these accounts add to our understanding of the place of music in broader aspects of personal, community and national life in Britain?
3. What more can listeners' accounts tell us about the place in British musical life of particular repertoires and their associated performing and listening practices?

The project aims to combine empirical research methods effectively with digital research methods. It does not aim merely at gathering 'big data', but sets out to use that data to support a traditional strength of humanities research - close reading of texts to underpin the writing of historical narratives. It builds on the AHRC-funded Listening Experience Database (LED) project (2013-15, http://www.open.ac.uk/Arts/LED), which established a methodology for collecting accounts of listening experiences in any period or culture, and a tool, in the form of a Linked Open Data database, for its storage and analysis.

The objectives are:
1. To capture a mass of primary source evidence, and to make it available for analysis through an open-access database.
2. To use this data to inform new understandings of the place of music in British cultural life.
3. To develop a clear methodological framework for using digital content in humanities research, and an effective methodology for the mining and analysis of social media as primary source material for responses to music.
4. To develop the ways in which the database supports entry and analysis of data, and to use the database as a case study for research into the application of Linked Open Data.
5. To disseminate the findings to academic and non-academic audiences through a range of means including publications, social media, knowledge exchange events, seminars and a conference.

New insights into the experience of listeners have the potential to inform not only historical musicology but also other research within and beyond the academic community - for example, in performance practice, social and cultural history, religious studies, Celtic studies, area studies, psychology and health studies, sociology and media studies. The project will benefit museums, libraries and archives - in particular, specific institutions with which the team will be working - by informing understanding of and increasing exposure to their collections. It will develop and document a clear methodology for using digital content in humanities research, including large-scale data sets such as social media archives that are currently difficult to use. It will establish data modelling practices transferable to other projects and create data assets of value to both academics and other users such as the media (for example, rich data about a wide range of music).

Planned Impact

The project will have academic impact for a number of disciplines (detailed in 'Academic beneficiaries') beyond the three that specifically underpin it - historical musicology, digital humanities and knowledge media research. Beyond the academic community, it will be relevant to curators and archivists in the museum, library and archive sector, the media, educators and students, and independent researchers.

The database content will benefit museum and archive curators, informing research for displays and exhibitions and their accompanying explanatory literature. It will also give exposure to aspects of museum and archive collections that have so far been under-used or unknown. For example, the National Library of Wales is enthusiastic about the potential of the project to contribute to its mission to bring Welsh culture and history to a much wider national and international audience. Glasgow Life and the National History Museum (Wales) have expressed a strong interest in the project and its potential to both inform and give added exposure to their collections. All have expressed their willingness for the project to mine their collections and quote their material (subject to the rights status of individual items) in the database. The team will write case studies based on all the research topics, which will be made available on the project website. In particular, studies of musical experience will be designed for the particular institutions on whose collections they draw. The studies will be interesting in their own right, but will also illustrate the ways in which the database can be used.

Both the database and the studies drawn from it will also benefit independent researchers in - for example - music, local history and religious history, as well as researchers and writers for film and television. It will offer such researchers new insights into repertoires, musical practices and responses to music, and access to sources that they could not previously have mined effectively and at scale, and may well never have found.

The team also envisages its work on the analysis of social media being of significant interest to the museum, library and archive sector and the media, which make extensive use of social media to engage their users. Studies and templates will be written and made available on the project website to enable other users to adopt our methodology.

The evidence from the Listening Experience Database (LED) project suggests that of those who register for a contributor account, only about 10% actually contribute material to the database. Free learning material will be published on the Open University's OpenLearn site which will introduce people to the nature and purpose of the project, how to use the database as contributor and researcher, and some of the broader issues and skills involved in adopting digital humanities approaches to studying music history. OpenLearn materials can be used as self-study materials or adapted (for example, by teachers) under a creative commons licence to suit specific purposes. The existing music learning packages on OpenLearn have proved hugely popular, attracting c.175,000 users a year. The OU uses OpenLearn as its landing page from external sites such as the BBC, and as part of wider awareness marketing, and it has had over 37 million visitors since its launch in 2006.

Through the data.open.ac.uk platform, the project will make a range of rich data relating to music, biography and bibliography available as Linked Open Data. The impact will probably be primarily academic, but could also be commercial; it is impossible to define, as it will evolve during the project and with end users' feedback. Resources will be included on the website to illustrate how our Linked Open Data could be used.
 
Description Our conviction that the project addresses a significant gap in historical musicology is increasingly borne out by our research and the discussions we continue to have with colleagues in various forums such as our own conferences, external conferences and less formal workshops. The sense that the listener is the 'missing link' in historical musicology, in that this is perhaps the one key area to which musicologists have not previously paid full attention, is attracting considerable interest and agreement from colleagues outside the project. This was further borne out by an invitation to submit a themed issue of the peer-reviewed journal 19th-Century Music Review which has been published and is available via Green Route Open Access on the Open University's repository Open Research Online (ORO). During this second phase of the project, methodology was developed further in terms of both the musicological inquiry and the technical inquiry. The musicological inquiry has become significantly informed by life-writing theory, and a number of recurrent themes and issues have emerged, including music as an agent of memory, the impact of music on crowds, and the challenges of gathering evidence for particular groups such as children and (sometimes illiterate) working-class listeners. The technical research has developed a new open access search tool (reported under Software and technical products). This is an open access online tool that supports users in the discovery of data in texts through the identification of syntax patterns, revealing sources that escape other search techniques.
Exploitation Route Despite the end of the second funded period, the project continues to expand the LED database and develop its functionality as described above. It has attracted a broad spectrum of interest amongst colleagues across various academic disciplines that share a common concern with music reception and the function of music in society. This has been evidenced by the delegates who attended the two project conferences held so far - in October 2015 (reported under AH/J013986/1) and March 2018. The project also has a number of volunteer contributors outside the academic world, who continue to submit material to the database. The project has started to make a significant contribution to the global body of linked open data - in particular, we anticipate that it will fill some important gaps in musicological linked open data. We anticipate that the search tool will have a broad application beyond the project, beyond music research and indeed beyond academic research, as the same approach can be applied to other concepts, in a wide variety of projects where searching in texts is a significant task, and plans have already been made to share the tool(s) with external partners in both the library/academic and the commercial sectors. Plans are being made for further bids for funding to continue and develop technical and musicological research begun during the two phases of LED (for example, a collaborative bid with the University of Glasgow and the University of Oxford is in preparation for submission to the AHRC in 2022), and a consortium bid to the European Commission for the project Polifonia (reported under further funding and starting January 2021) was successful.
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL https://led.kmi.open.ac.uk/
 
Description Impacts from the first funded phase of the project (see AH/J013986/1) were developed through the activities and strategies of the second phase, which concluded at the end of February 2019. Productive relationships were developed with several museums and heritage institutions, in particular Glasgow Life and the National Museum of Wales (National History Museum), and a number of public events were held in partnership with the Mitchell Library in Glasgow. The project team contributed to a BBC World Service radio series on music and culture, The Music of Time, which was broadcast in 2018 with international audience figures of 6 million to date. There is continuing evidence of use and contribution to the database by a non-academic audience, and we continue to foster and monitor this. The number of unique IP addresses accessing the database has risen by over 5000 in the last year to 35679. Requests for LED data from the linked data endpoint have risen from 1691 distinct IP addresses to 1852; this figure is necessarily lower than that for use of the database itself, as these are advanced users dealing with linked open data resources. The database is also used in teaching at the Open University. OU undergraduate music students are asked to use the database for basic research purposes (to date, 622 students), while Music MA students (to date, 496) study the process of development of the database in a module on digital humanities techniques, as well as using it for research. The Open University also makes a version of the Music MA material available as an open access module on its OpenLearn platform - this includes a section on the LED project, and to date 1668 users have enrolled.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural

 
Description (Polifonia) - Polifonia: a digital harmoniser for musical heritage knowledge
Amount € 3,046,154 (EUR)
Funding ID 101004746 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2021 
End 04/2024
 
Title The Listening Experience Database - beta version 
Description Publicly available beta version of the database. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact In 2018 there have been 8,893 distinct IP addressed visiting the database site. 
URL https://led.kmi.open.ac.uk/
 
Title FindLEr search tool 
Description FindLEr is an open access online tool that supports users in the discovery of traces of listening experiences in texts. The curator can provide a source book as URI or file and obtain a annotated version of the text where paragraphs mentioning potential listening experiences are highlighted. The user can browse the results as a list or inline with the original text. The system allows for additional tuning by offering a skepticism handle. Increasing the value will make the system more selective and return less results. On the contrary, reducing the skepticism will increase the number of matches. The user can notify the system about the quality of each result contributing to enrich the set of positive and negative examples to be used in the future for further improving on the underlying method. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact It has only just been launched, so it is too soon to say, but we anticipate that it will have a broad application beyond the project, beyond music research and indeed beyond academic research, as the same approach can be applied to other concepts, in a wide variety of projects where searching in texts is a significant task. 
URL http://led.kmi.open.ac.uk/discovery
 
Title Linked open data 
Description The data on listening experiences and their associated contexts are available as open data for consumption by software applications and by people. They are published using the open standards of Linked Data, such as RDF for representation and SPARQL for querying, and are hosted on data.open.ac.uk. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Hard to say yet - we anticipate that this will become clearer as the amount of data in the database increases. However, in 2018, 388 distinct IP addresses requested LED Database data from the Linked Data endpoint, and since this reflects advanced users dealing with linked open data resources, we are pleased with this level of usage. 
URL http://led.kmi.open.ac.uk/linkeddata/#
 
Description #areyoulistening: using social media to collate people's listening experiences 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was a paper presented to the project conference by project team member Simon Brown.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.listeningexperience.org/the-experience-of-listening-to-music-methodologies-identities-his...
 
Description 'A Vital Necessity': World War I Nurses and Their Experience of Music 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A paper given by Helen Barlow to the Centre for 19th-Century Studies conference 'A Great Divide or a Longer Nineteenth Century? Music, Britain and the First World War', St John's College, Durham University, 21 January 2017. The paper prompted interest in the LED project and several networking possibilities with colleagues and students working on WWI topics. It will be published (2018/2019) in the proceedings of the conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'A community of listeners: musical, liturgical, and spiritual responses to BBC Radio 3's Choral Evensong on The New Radio 3 Forum' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper given by co-investigator Dr Martin Clarke to the Society for Christian Scholarship and Music Annual Conference,University of St Michael's College, Toronto,14-16 February 2019. The paper gave rise to discussion about the project and an inquiry about PhD study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 'Rugby or Revivalism': the secular turn in Welsh congregational singing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper given by project team member Helen Barlow to Music in Nineteenth-Century Britain conference, July 2019, Canterbury Christ Church University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Capturing the semantics of documentary evidence for humanities research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited presentation by project team member Enrico Daga at the NLP&DBpedia session at the DBpedia Day, held in conjunction with the SEMANTICS conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Finding listening experiences in books 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation by project team members Enrico Motta and Enrico Daga to DARIAH-EU annual event, Warsaw.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.slideshare.net/enricodaga/finding-listening-experiences-in-books
 
Description Hannah Anne and William Stirling: exchanging views on their listening experiences 1834-42 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was a paper presented to the project conference by project team member Elaine Moohan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.listeningexperience.org/the-experience-of-listening-to-music-methodologies-identities-his...
 
Description Intentional listening and virtual community: listeners' experiences of BBC Radio 3 Choral Evensong on The New Radio 3 Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was a paper presented at the project conference by project team member Martin Clarke.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.listeningexperience.org/the-experience-of-listening-to-music-methodologies-identities-his...
 
Description Introduction to LED with case study: Hannah and William Stirling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper given by Co-I Elaine Mohan at Musica Scotica 2018 conference in Stirling, 20-21 April.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description John Yeoman's listening experiences at Drury Lane in 1774 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper presented to the project conference by principal investigator David Rowland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.listeningexperience.org/the-experience-of-listening-to-music-methodologies-identities-his...
 
Description Linked data for knowledge curation in humanities research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk given by project team member Enrico Daga to the History Department of Lancaster University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.slideshare.net/enricodaga/linked-data-for-knowledge-curation-in-humanities-research
 
Description Linked data for the humanities: methods and techniques 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation given by project team member Enrico Daga (and others) to the workshop strand of DH2019, the annual international conference of the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations, Utrecht.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.slideshare.net/enricodaga/ld4-dh-tutorial
 
Description Listening to Handel through the centuries 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Open University music study day with the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, in partnership with Glasgow UNESCO City of Music at City of Music Studio, Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, 29 November 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Listening to music in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk given by David Rowland at the Royal College of Music, 8 March 207, in the RCM's 'Music and Ideas ' public lecture series. The talk prompted a great deal of interest in the project and a lot of questions, to the extent that it ran out of time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Listening to street music in history: the Listening Experience Database Project and the search for primary sources 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper given at Connected Communities: Street Music conference UEA Norwich by project team member Helen Barlow
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Music therapy and the military c.1850-c.1918 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper given by project team member Helen Barlow to RMA Conference, University of Newcastle, September 2021
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Music therapy and the military c.1850-c.1918 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper given by project team member Helen Barlow at online conference 'Music, Mind and Body in 19thC Britain', hosted by Open University, September 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Open University Alumni Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a presentation on the project and demonstration of the database, to the June 2017 alumni event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Open University Alumni Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a presentation on the project and demonstration of the database to the October 2017 alumni event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Open University Alumni Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a presentation on the project, including a demonstration of the database, to the June 2016 alumni event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Open University Alumni Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a presentation about the project, including a demonstration of the database, to the October 2016 alumni event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Ordinary Theology and Church Music: LIstening and Learning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper given by Martin Clarke to the York Conference on Church Music, at York University, February 2017. There was a mixed audience of academics and church musicians, and the paper prompted questions about the project and interest in further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Paper at North American Association for the Study of Welsh Culture and History (University of Bangor, July 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper given by Trevor Herbert, 'Instrumental music and the tastes of the people of Wales in the nineteenth century', part of session with Helen Barlow (see separate entry). Prompted extensive discussion and questions about the LED project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Paper at the North American Association for the Study of Welsh Culture and History (University of Bangor, July 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper given by Helen Barlow, 'Progress and tradition: Welsh musical practices in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries', as part of a session with Trevor Herbert (see separate entry) on Musical Wales. Prompted some very useful discussion and questions about the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Progress and tradition: listening to Welsh musical practices in the late 19th and early 20th centuries 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was a paper presented to the project conference by project team member Helen Barlow.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.listeningexperience.org/the-experience-of-listening-to-music-methodologies-identities-his...
 
Description Public talk (Mitchell Library, Glasgow) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A public talk about the project given by co-investigator Dr Elaine Moohan. Prompted a very good discussion, especially from some members of Glasgow Philosophical Society who were in attendance, keen to know more about the database.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Researching music and the listener in history 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a presentation given by LED research associate Helen Barlow at an Open University in Wales alumni and supporters event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Round table at conference Biography and Public History: Constructing Narratives through Life-Writing (University of Nottingham, 20 June 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact David Rowland, Trevor Herbert and Helen Barlow gave a round table session entitled 'The experience of music' - three short papers followed by an extensive discussion session about the project, the nature of its sources and the challenges of using life writing as a historical source.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The Listening Experience Database Project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation to the project conference by project team members David Rowland, Helen Barlow and Trevor Herbert.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.listeningexperience.org/the-experience-of-listening-to-music-methodologies-identities-his...
 
Description The experience of listening to music: methodologies, identities, histories 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was the main conference for this funded phase of the project, and the second to be held under the 'Listening Experience Database' aegis (our first was in 2015 and is reported under the previous funded phase AH/J013986/1). The conference was held at The Open University in Milton Keynes, 6-7 March 2018. Twenty-three papers were given. The event brought together a notably international group of scholars from a wide range of disciplines who all share an interest in the study of listening. We were pleased with the overall quality of the papers and the thoughtful and thought-provoking discussion they generated, and with the very positive feedback. A link to the full programme is given below. A volume of conference proceedings is being prepared for publication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2018
URL http://www.listeningexperience.org/the-experience-of-listening-to-music-methodologies-identities-his...
 
Description The hidden listeners 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a study day hosted by the Mitchell Library, Glasgow, at which project team members gave presentations on aspects of LED research and engaged in discussion with the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Welsh airs and triple harps: the musical life of a Celtic renaissance circle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper given by research associate Helen Barlow to the NAASWCH 2016 conference, Harvard.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Widening access to art music: creating new audiences in Victorian Britain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper given by David Rowland to the British Association of Victorian Studies conference at Cardiff University, 1 Sept 2016. The paper prompted questions about the LED project and interest in further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Working-class listening in the long nineteenth century 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was a LED panel session at the Music and 19th-century Britain conference at the University of Birmingham involving Trevor Herbert, David Rowland, Martin Clarke, Helen Barlow and OU Music Dept colleague Rosemary Golding. It resulted in an invitation to put in a proposal for two themed editions of 19thC Music Review, one on listening and one on Wales.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshop in Humanities in the Semantic Web - WHiSe II 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A full-day workshop consisting of presentation of peer-reviewed papers, chaired by LED research associate Alesssandro Adamou.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://whise.kmi.open.ac.uk/