Cultural Heritage Through Time (CHT2)

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: Sch of Engineering

Abstract

Temporal studies are central to cultural heritage research for the investigation of change, from landscape to architectural scales. Temporal analyses and multi-temporal 3D reconstruction are fundamental for safeguarding and maintaining all forms of cultural heritage. Such studies form the basis for any kind of decision regarding intervention on cultural heritage, helping assess the risks and issues involved.
The aim of the CHT2 project is to fully integrate the fourth dimension (4D) into cultural heritage studies for analysing structures and landscapes through time. CHT2 will collect heterogeneous material (multi-temporal aerial and terrestrial photographs, maps, drawings, etc.) and combine it with contemporary 3D models. These geo-referenced and metric products will be the basis for quantitative analyses about territory transformations or architectural changes, visualization purposes, preservation policies, future planning or possible business applications. Therefore CHT2 will produce time-varying 3D products, from landscape to architectural scale, to envisage and analyse lost scenarios or visualize changes due to anthropic activities or intervention, pollution, wars, earthquakes or other natural hazards. For landscapes it will be possible to chronologically highlight transformations and investigate how urbanization influenced change. For cities, time-varying 3D models will allow the rediscovery of lost areas or buildings. Finally, for architecture or buildings, starting from a 3D model of the actual situation, changes will be highlighted and missing parts will be reconstructed based on historic information. The heterogeneous information necessary for the project's accomplishment will be sought from national museums and archives with the support of the associate partners. A final project exhibition is planned to show the time-varying 3D products generated for the different case studies.
The CHT2 project will rely on an interdisciplinary and international consortium in order to exploit leading expertise in the fields of 3D modelling, data integration, landscape archaeology, GIS, heritage conservation and preservation.

Planned Impact

The project outcomes will be valuable to researchers and non-academic stakeholders (e.g. public administrations,
heritage owners, SMEs, etc.). Outcomes will be replicable and have the potential to be used in other contexts or for
promising market applications. The CHT2 results (time-variant 3D reconstructions) will have strong
communicative and didactical potential and so could be used to valorise hidden or lost heritage sites with
multimedia exhibitions, totems around the cities or in museums, schools, internet or mobile apps, etc. Moreover,
CHT2 will support and raise the efforts that are currently undertaken by other Member States of the EU to present
and promote conservation and innovative documentation strategies for diverse Cultural Heritage in order to make
them easily accessible online and usable by a large community. This applies both to ancient structures left by past
civilizations that are now mixed with or hidden in modern environments, or more recent structures altered by
traumatic events (natural or man-made).

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description CASE funding for NERC studentship
Amount £3,500 (GBP)
Organisation Historic England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 04/2021
 
Description NERC IAPETUS DTP STUDENTSHIP
Amount £75,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 03/2021
 
Description Collaboration with Historic England and English Heritage 
Organisation English Heritage
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project outpus i.e. data generated from archival photographs such as orthomosaics, digital terrain models, field survey at Beckfoot and overal ArcGIS databases for Beckfoot, Corbridge and Birdoswald sites have been shared with Historic England/English. Historic England/English Heritage collaborators are included in the authors list on publications.
Collaborator Contribution Paul Bryan (Historic England), Mike Collins (Historic England) and Mark Douglas (English Heritage) has been providing support to the project by being on the advisory team and providing archival data on Hadrian's Wall (Beckfoot, Birdoswald and Corbridge). English Heritage Trust sponsored digitisation of archival air photographs held by Historic England Archives.
Impact Orthomosaics, digital terrain models and overal ArcGIS for each of three studied sites; field survey at Beckfoot; Conference pulication.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with Historic England and English Heritage 
Organisation Historic England
Department Scientific Dating Team
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project outpus i.e. data generated from archival photographs such as orthomosaics, digital terrain models, field survey at Beckfoot and overal ArcGIS databases for Beckfoot, Corbridge and Birdoswald sites have been shared with Historic England/English. Historic England/English Heritage collaborators are included in the authors list on publications.
Collaborator Contribution Paul Bryan (Historic England), Mike Collins (Historic England) and Mark Douglas (English Heritage) has been providing support to the project by being on the advisory team and providing archival data on Hadrian's Wall (Beckfoot, Birdoswald and Corbridge). English Heritage Trust sponsored digitisation of archival air photographs held by Historic England Archives.
Impact Orthomosaics, digital terrain models and overal ArcGIS for each of three studied sites; field survey at Beckfoot; Conference pulication.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Appearance in Massive Online Open Course 'Hadrian's Wall: Life on the Roman Frontier' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of dissemination of the project outcomes the information about CHT2 project was included in 'Hadrian's Wall:Life on the Roman Frontier' Massive Online Open Course in one of the videos entitled 'New perspecives from the air' https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/hadrians-wall/4/steps/126199
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/hadrians-wall/4/steps/126199