Brokering Intercultural Exchange: Interrogating the Role of Arts and Cultural Management

Lead Research Organisation: Queen's University of Belfast
Department Name: Sch of Arts, English and Languages

Abstract

This network seeks to understand the role of arts and cultural managers as intercultural brokers in our context of globalisation, internationalisation and global migration. Intercultural understanding suggests capacity for appreciating, recognising and relating to different world viewpoints and experiences. Historical and empirical research recognises the role arts and cultural objects and expressions, like fine and performing arts and heritage, play in political, cultural and ethnic relations. Yet, little is known about the role of arts and cultural managers, and their practice and education, in this process.

In fact, arts and cultural managers shape and structure intercultural exchange. They direct and administer arts and cultural projects between nations, and devise, plan and develop arts and cultural programming to attract and include growing migrant populations as audiences, participants and creators within nations. Global, cultural, post colonial, and intercultural studies show that mechanisms for fostering or hindering intercultural understanding are often based on long standing terminology, institutional structures, and habits upheld by practices and pedagogies within specific professions.

We will integrate and apply this research to the traditions, institutions and actions of arts and cultural management to extend awareness of the part arts and cultural managers play in intercultural exchange with 5 goals:
- Gather international, multidisciplinary researchers with arts and cultural management practitioners, policymakers, educators and students to share knowledge and uncover new areas of research about intercultural understanding in arts and cultural management education and practice
- Learn how arts and cultural management practitioners, policymakers, educators and students perceive and experience intercultural exchange within international arenas of practice and education
- Apply new disciplines (e.g. ethnic, historical, postcolonial, global, intercultural, and cultural studies) to these perspectives to examine dominant terminology, structures and traditions shaping arts and cultural management practice and education
- Share findings, bibliography, documentation widely to students, practitioners, educators, policymakers and researchers to foster policy impact, further study and networking
- Enable new research examining intercultural work in arts and cultural management

Free talks for an audience of 100 and interactive, focused, multidisciplinary workshops for 40 (10 core network members with researchers, students, policymakers, artists, managers) will occur via 4 seminars:
1. Framing Art and Cultural Management: relationship of management of arts and culture to globalisation, internationalisation, and migration (Heilbronn Uni, Kunzelsau, Jan 2017)
2. Dominant Ideologies: Examining Institutions, Habits and Terminology in the Profession (QUB, Apr 2017)
3. Intercultural Relations in Arts/Cultural Management Higher Education, (Macromedia Uni Berlin, Jul 2017)
4. Intercultural Relations in Practice (Free Word Centre, London, Nov 2017)
Seminar 5, Moving Forward: Critical Discourse for Intercultural Understanding in Arts/Cultural Management (QUB, Jan 2018), enables review and reflection for core members

Advisory Committee guidance and open call on affiliate websites and listservs will assist promotion. To ensure knowledge exchange across disciplines, seminar findings and documentation with network database, participant reflections, and bibliography will be shared on the network website and promoted through posts on affiliate network sites. The PI and Co-I will author
- Policy briefing on interculturalism in the arts/cultural sector for Arts/Cultural councils, UNESCO, Ministerial Depts (NI/Germany/Romania)
- Academic journal articles, papers in academic and sector conferences
- Edited publication of research from the network
Curriculum insights will be examined in core member BA/MA programmes

Planned Impact

1. Arts and Cultural Policymakers working in intercultural exchange: those from State Ministerial Departments, Arts Councils and cross-border agencies, e.g. the British Council, the Goethe Institut, and EU Cultural Contact Points. They engage with 2 areas of work related to intercultural exchange. One is the development, design and funding of policies and projects for building intercultural understanding between nations. The other is the development, design and funding of policies and projects to promote intercultural exchange between ethnic groups within nations. This activity often emphasises supporting and enhancing culturally diverse arts audiences, artists and productions within nations.

The network will be a forum gathering international policymakers with managers, students, educators, artists, and researchers to critically explore case studies that reveal the potential and difficulties emerging from this practice in the sector. It will raise awareness for arts and cultural policymakers about the role of their agencies and policies in influencing intercultural exchanges at the practice level. It is hoped this improved knowledge will benefit development of future policies that are responsive to the unique context of intercultural exchange in arts and cultural management.

2. Arts and cultural organisations, managers and public sector workers are directly involved in devising, delivering and administering intercultural activities. By developing research in this area, the network will provide them a physical and conceptual 'space' to share experiences and engage in critical reflection with policymakers, students, educators, artists, and researchers as well as those working in similar roles but from different nations and ethnic groups. Together, they will consider the assumptions and traditions that inform the decisions managers make within intercultural exchanges in order to better understand, and hopefully address, issues of structure and agency within their practice. It is envisioned that this will have a secondary and longer term benefit for improving the opportunity and conditions for creative and cultural expression for artists.

3. Arts and cultural management educators and students. Focusing on the relationship of practice to education, the network will build awareness of how higher education institutes might prepare students for work in an increasingly intercultural and transnational sector. Existing studies acknowledge demand within the sector for greater understanding of the intercultural arts and cultural management landscape-networks, international laws, traditions, ideologies and practices-to address skill gaps supporting professional development and employability. The network will provide occasion for students and educators to develop this area of work as well as wider critical awareness of intercultural working.

Also, with the internationalisation of higher education having a direct impact on student demographics in arts and cultural management programmes, there are new opportunities and challenges for intercultural learning and exchange in these classrooms. The network will provide opportunities to explore these issues in more detail during the Education seminar. Students and educators will have new ideas to apply to curriculum.

A dissemination plan will ensure impact is achieved: a database of participants to facilitate further networking and project development; a policy briefing document developed by the PI and Co-I regarding cultural policies for interculturalism within the arts and cultural sector. The network website will be updated with case studies; interviews and audio-visual documentation from seminars, members, and participants; and reflections from feedback on application of curriculum ideas in the classroom. The PI and Co-I will compile an edited volume offering analysis and emerging issues aimed at a research and education audience and 2 academic journal articles.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Research is still ongoing and findings will be made available once complete.
Exploitation Route It is our goal that research findings will assist arts and cultural management educators and professionals in developing greater awareness of intercultural practices.
Sectors Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.managingculture.net
 
Description Research is still ongoing and impact will be made available once complete.
 
Description Further financial support for a seminar hosted at the Reinhold-Würth-Hochschule in Künzelsau 
Organisation Wurth Foundation
PI Contribution The Co-Investigator, Raphaela Henze at Heilbronn University applied and received funding from the Würth foundation to host additional elements at one of our seminars (the first one), including additional speakers, catering, travel costs for additional speakers and the set up of some website elements, student support costs and marketing of the network in general.
Collaborator Contribution The Co-Investigator, Raphaela Henze at Heilbronn University applied and received funding from the Würth foundation to host additional elements at one of our seminars (the first one), including additional speakers, catering, travel costs for additional speakers and the set up of some website elements, student support costs and marketing of the network in general.
Impact €10,000 additional funding.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Approaching an Understanding of Arts Managers as Intercultural Brokers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Durrer, V., Henze, R., and Ross, I. (2016) Approaching an Understanding of Arts and Cultural Managers as Intercultural Brokers." In Arts Management Quarterly, No. 124, pp. 25 - 30. An article announcing the establishment of the network to a readership of arts and cultural managers and policymakers, educators and students-- Artsmanagement.net: a global network of arts and cultural professionals that partners with a number of associations and support bodies in Korea, Germany, the UK, Canada and the USA, 3,520 Facebook and 1,694 twitter followers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://artsmanagement.net/images/file/newsletter/AMN_Quarterly_124.pdf
 
Description Avoiding Paternalism in International and Transcultural Relations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Henze, R. (2017) Avoiding Paternalism in International and Transcultural Relations. Research session Thematic session presented at ENCATC annual conference, CLICK, CONNECT AND COLLABORATE! NEW DIRECTIONS IN SUSTAINING CULTURAL NETWORKS, Brüssels, September 27 -29.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blogs.encatc.org/encatccongress2017/
 
Description Brokering Intercultural Exchange 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Das Lernen fördern. Gründung des internationalen Netzwerks - Brokering Intercultural Exchange." In die Neue Hochschule, issue 6/2016, pp. 178 - 179. The Hochschullehrerbund hlb is the professional association of professors at polytechnics in Germany. This article announces the establishment of the research network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://hlb.de/die-neue-hochschule/
 
Description Conference Workshop Facilitation on Networks 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Durrer, V. and Henze, R. (2017) Network 4.0. The importance of international and interdisciplinary networks - a practical guide! Thematic session presented at ENCATC annual conference, CLICK, CONNECT AND COLLABORATE! NEW DIRECTIONS IN SUSTAINING CULTURAL NETWORKS, Brüssels, September 27 -29. Our participation in the conference facilitated reflection on what we have learned from the research work of our network to date, in relation to networks specifically. http://blogs.encatc.org/encatccongress2017/ We received a positive response from individuals currently running or preparing to establish research networks and contacts from several different colleagues from Taiwan, Singapore and Canada. Two of whom took part in our final funded seminar in Feb 2018. One of those individuals is taking part in our book proposal we submitted in January 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://managingculture.net/2017/11/02/exploring-sustainability-in-cultural-networks
 
Description Eurocentrism in Arts Management. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Eurocentrism in Arts Management. Research paper presented at the 36. Annual conference of the Association of Arts Administration Educators (AAAE) Queen Margret University in Edinburgh | June 1, 2017. The research presented sought to develop greater understanding of the impacts of globalization, digitalization, and (im)migration on the work of arts managers and arts management researchers. Different from studies that focus specifically on those that work exclusively in international contexts this paper presented current research based on an empirical study of 352 arts managers in 45 countries around the world who do not necessarily cross borders for their work yet are in many and different ways affected by globalization.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://aaae2017.sched.com/event/92aR/scholarship-through-lenses-gender-eurocentrism-and-social-just...
 
Description How Globalisation affects arts managers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Henze, R. (2016) "How Globalization affects Arts Managers." In Arts Management Quarterly, No. 124, S. 19 - 25. An article reporting research work affiliated with the genesis of the research network for Artsmanagement.net: global network of arts and cultural professionals that partners with a number of associations and support bodies in Korea, Germany, the UK, Canada and the USA, 3,520 Facebook and 1,694 twitter followers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://artsmanagement.net/images/file/newsletter/AMN_Quarterly_124.pdf
 
Description How international is European arts management? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Henze, R. (2016) How international is European arts management? Research paper at ENCATC annual conference"Cultural Management Education in Risk Societies - Towards a Paradigm and Policy Shift?!"in Valencia, Spain |October 6, 2016.This paper presented the initiation of our research network and allowed Raphaela to connect with network members prior to the commencement of our first seminar
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.encatc.org/en/events/detail/24th-encatc-annual-conference/
 
Description Interview with Cornelia Lanz 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Raphaela Henze posted an interview with Cornelia Lanz, Mezzo-soprano; Founder of Zuflucht Kultur e.V. (Association Refuge Culture), regarding her founding of the Association Refuge Culture in Stuttgart and its work for encatcSCHOLA. enactcSCHOLA is an online magazine aimed at providing resources and reference tools for use in the arts and cultural management and cultural policy classroom at undergraduate and postgraduate level. You must propose the idea for a submission and be approved by a panel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blogs.encatc.org/encatcscholar/?p=1890.
 
Description Kulturvermittlung in der Einen Welt. Der Beitrag des Internationalen Kulturmanagements. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Henze, R. (2017) Kulturvermittlung in der Einen Welt. Der Beitrag des Internationalen Kulturmanagements. Vortrag und Diskussion im Rahmen des 9. Kulturpolitischen Bundeskongresses Welt.Kultur.Politik - Kulturpolitik und Globalisierung, Kulturvermittlung in der Einen Welt. Der Beitrag des Internationalen Kulturmanagement, Berlin, June, 16. (9th Cultural Policy Federal Congress | Berlin | 15th + 16th June 2017
WELT.KULTUR.POLITIK. Cultural policy and globalization)

This event was organised by the Cultural Policy Organisation of Germany - every two years they organise a major conference in Berlin. Their work centres on raising key issues in and promoting knowledge exchange about German cultural policy. In this paper, Raphaela Henze sought to address the issues facing arts management working in international settings to a group of policymakers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.kupoge.de/kongress/2017/index.html
 
Description Outside our comfort zone: Relating arts and cultural management teaching to society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Henze, R. (2017) Raus aus der Komfortzone. Warum unsere Lehre nicht länger an gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungen vorbeigehen darf." In KM Magazin, issue May , pp. 15 - 20. This article appears in a Germany / Austrian regional arts and cultural management network magazine. The magazine is aimed at linking new academic work to an audience of professionals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bit.ly/km1705pdf
 
Description Theatre in times of populism 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Herrmannschlacht statt Kreidekreis? Theater im Populismus. Speech at the Annual conference of INTHEGA, Schweinfurt, Germany| May 8, 2017. The Annual conference of INTHEGA is the Association of German touring theatres (theaters that do not have a venue themselves). My speech was about Theatre in times of populism
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.inthega.de/