A global history of Irish Revolution, 1916-1923

Lead Research Organisation: Queen's University of Belfast
Department Name: Sch of History and Anthropology

Abstract

Our project proposes a global history of Irish nationalism focusing on the 1916-23 revolutionary period. The aim is to integrate two sophisticated but separate historiographical fields - centring on the Irish revolution and on Irish migration - to develop a more inclusive framework which will incorporate the diaspora and other external pressures into the mainstream narrative. The key methodology is provided by a transnational approach which will investigate how interactions across national boundaries shaped Ireland's revolution. By investigating the relationship between revolution in the nation-state, diasporic nationalism, and other external pressures during an era of rapid international change, this research will contribute to a wider understanding of nationalism as a global force.
The project comprises two interlocking research strands. The first focuses on the impact of transnational influences on the revolution within Ireland. The second is concerned with analysing the significance of Irish nationalism beyond Ireland. Both address the same overarching question: to what extent must revolutionary change be understood within a global, transnational as well as a nation-state framework?
The research context is framed by the dominance of nation-centred historiographical approaches, reflecting a widespread tendency to regard the nation-state as the natural unit of analysis. Although gaining ground elsewhere, transnational approaches have had little impact on Irish historiography despite the importance of external factors on Ireland. For example, despite acknowledging the impact of Irish America on Irish politics, histories of Irish nationalism such as Richard English's influential Irish Freedom (2003) largely overlook diasporic influences. Similarly, studies of diasporic nationalism rarely analyse its impact on Ireland. As a result, key themes are often debated in insular terms. For example, nation-centred analyses of the Irish revolution can result in the imposition of arbitrary geographical boundaries and neglect of comparative dimensions and external pressures. Local studies, the dominant approach since the ground-breaking research of David Fitzpatrick (1977), provide a sophisticated anatomy of the revolution's impact on Irish society but a limited means of assessing the significance of factors which transcend the nation-state. They shed little light on how the destabilising impact of the First World War, the emergence of self-determination as the principal source of political legitimacy, and the establishment of new republics across Europe heightened political expectations in Ireland.
There is therefore a compelling rationale for looking to Ireland as a case study of the global character of nationalism. As a small country with a large diaspora, forming part of a multinational state and global empire, Ireland was highly susceptible to transnational influences. The well-documented nature of the Irish revolution, its small scale, and the sophistication of the literature on Irish nationalism and the Irish diaspora also point to its potential as a broader case study.
This approach will also contribute to wider British historiography. Although British historians generally emphasise how the UK avoided the First World War's destabilising fallout, the parallels between experiences in the Irish part of the British state and central/eastern Europe where imperial power gave way to democratisation, self-determination and ethnic nationalism are evident. A wider framework will allow for comparative analysis across the 'shatter zones' of empire (Wilson, 2010). Ultimately, our project aims to demonstrate how revolutions represent much broader political moments in global history, without losing sight of the distinctive aspects of national histories. More radically, it will question the assumption - implicit in most historians' work - that nation-centred models provide the best means of understanding the causes of political change.

Planned Impact

Who will benefit?
- (Irish) Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)
- National Museums Northern Ireland (NMNI) and National Museum of Ireland (NMI)
- Century Ireland
- History Ireland
- the Irish, Northern Irish and UK governments

How will they benefit?
Our project will assist the DFAT in its objective of interpreting the Irish revolution in an international context. Our collaboration with NMNI and NMI will provide both institutions with our historical expertise. It will provide Century Ireland and History Ireland with scholarly research. We will also support the Irish/N.I/UK government's commemorative programmes of historical reflection. For example, by interpreting partition within a European context, our project will enhance understanding of the most sensitive anniversary of the Decade.

What will be done to ensure they benefit?
With the support of the DFAT, our project will develop a portable ten-panel exhibition on the Irish revolution's global dimensions to be offered to Irish embassies across the world. The CI has worked closely with the DFAT to commemorate the 1916 Rising (see http://www.ed.ac.uk/history-classics-archaeology/news-events/news/easter-rising).

We will collaborate with the leading museums in Ireland/N.I. in developing their major exhibitions at the Ulster Museum and Collins Barracks. William Blair, Head of Human History, has welcomed our proposal to work on the Ulster Museum's Partition exhibition: 'The research would stream directly into the development of the exhibition and related programming. The scope of your research would fit perfectly.' As a member of advisory bodies for the Ulster Museum and National Museum's 1916 exhibitions, the PI has close links with both institutions.

We will partner with History Ireland (http://www.historyireland.com/) to produce a publication on the Irish revolution. HI has an international readership, with a 'hard sales' circulation of 5,000 per issue, while its 1916 publication sold c. 10,000 copies. Our publication will be supported by a podcasted Hedge School (http://www.historyireland.com/hedge-schools/). The PI has previously participated in Hedge Schools, and guest-edited a special issue on Fenianism.
We will work with Boston College/RTE to provide content for its online historical newspaper Century Ireland (http://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/). Web-Traffic DATA?

Our project will exploit public engagement opportunities arising as a result of the 2012-2022 Decade of Centenaries (http://www.decadeofcentenaries.com/). Our project meets a key objective of the Advisory Group on Centenary Commemorations: 'The commemorative programme should illustrate how events in Ireland were . . . part of the wider international story. A comprehensive commemorative programme should not only address the key events in Ireland but also enhance the understanding of the wider United Kingdom, European and world context in which they took place' (http://www.decadeofcentenaries.com/statement/).
For statements of Irish, British and N. Irish government commitment to programmes of historical reflection, see:
https://www.gov.uk/government/news/first-world-war-commemorations-and-the-decade-of-centenaries
https://www.dfa.ie/about-us/funding/reconciliation-fund/
https://www.executiveoffice-ni.gov.uk/sites/default/files/publications/ofmdfm_dev/together-building-a-united-community-strategy.pdf [pp 93-97]

* We will build on existing public engagement networks at QUB, including the AHRC-funded Living Legacies Centre (http://www.livinglegacies1914-18.ac.uk/), the AHRC-funded Commemoration of Partition and Civil Wars in Ireland 2020-23 project, and the Universities Ireland historians' committee (of which the PI is a founding member) (http://universitiesireland.ie/category/conferences/). In addition, due to his work on the 1916 centenary, the PI has links with a wide range of bodies responsible for commemorative activity (see Pathways to Impact for further details).

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description 'De Valera: the making of an Irish President' TG4 documentary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 'The 1918 General Election': lecture at Peoples College, Dublin, March 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A public lecture aimed at explaining local, national and global implications of the 1918 general election.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://soundcloud.com/johndirl66/brian-hanley-on-the-irish-election-of-1918
 
Description 'The 1918 General Election: Ireland united or divided?' Centenaries & Citizenship Project, Belfast, June 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion about the local and global nature of Irish politics in 1918 with representatives of Loyalist communities and commemorative groups.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 'The Negro peoples are beginning to realise their powers ' Global Irish Revolution workshop, Belfast, June 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This talk will form a core part of my monograph and provoked interesting discussions with participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 'The most important city': Liverpool and the Irish Revolution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lecture at Centre for Port and Maritime History annual conference, University of Liverpool, 13 September 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 'Very dangerous places': the IRA and the post-war underworld', American Conference for Irish Studies, Cork, June 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation of my work on global republican networks, which will provide the basis for a chapter in my monograph. The audience consisted of historians and Irish Studies scholars from across the globe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Article on Ireland's Global Revolution for commemorative newspaper supplement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This article on Ireland's Global Revolution formed part of a commemorative supplement produced by the Irish Times to mark the centenary of the beginning of the War of Independece. The supplement was widely circulated in the Republic of Ireland, particularly in schools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/heritage/century/war-and-peace
 
Description Blog post on dramatic portrayals of the Irish Revolution and its transnational impact. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact My blog post 'Gunrunners and Gangsters: Peaky Blinders, the IRA and Historical Drama' featured on the blog 'Historians for History' during September 2017. It discussed the popular BBC drama 'Peaky Blinders' and how research into IRA activity in post war Britain shows up interesting intersections with an inter-ethnic underworld. Within the first week it had been viewed over 500 times and retweeted by dozens of viewers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://historiansforhistory.wordpress.com/2017/09/14/gunrunners-and-gangsters-peaky-blinders-the-ir...
 
Description Co. Cavan county council centenary lecture 'Dáil Éireann at home and abroad' (14 January 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Festival screening and public discussion, Belfast Festival at Queen's 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Screening of 'The enigma of Frank Ryan', at Queen's Film Theatre, Belfast, 22 October 2012, followed by discussion and Q&A with the director (Desmond Bell) and historical consultant (Fearghal McGarry). Organised as part of the 2012 Belfast Festival at Queen's University Belfast.

The Q&A which followed the screening prompted a lively public discussion of the contentious historical and political issues raised by the film.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Film screening and discussion, Belfast Film Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The public event (involving film-maker, historian and a prominent political activist) that followed the screening prompted a lively discussion of the contentious political and historical issues raised by the film.

The discussion raised public consciousness of the issues raised by the film, and also generated media coverage and analysis of the issues raised by the film.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Full page article on the impact of the Russian Revolution on Ireland in the SIPTU trade union's newspaper Liberty. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact My article 'Recalling Red October' was published in the December 2017 issue of Liberty, the monthly newspaper of Ireland's largest trade union SIPTU. Online and hardcopy issues of Liberty are distributed to SIPTU's 206,880 members in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The article detailed the impact of the Russian Revolution on Ireland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://cloud.3dissue.com/86718/87064/194160/LibertyNewspaperDecember2017/html5/index.html?page=1&no...
 
Description Féile an Phobail panel discussion 'The First Dáil and the War of Independence: one hundred years on' (11 March 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description History Ireland Hedge School (Cobh) panel discussion, 'The Irish Revolution: local or global?' (13 April 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description History Ireland Hedge School (Edinburgh) panel discussion 'Scotland and the Irish Revolution' (15 May 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description History Ireland Hedge School, Cobh Library 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On Saturday 13 April 2019, as part of CAFE Readers' and Writers' Festival, Cobh Library, Co. Cork, hosted a History Ireland 'Hedge School' entitled 'The Irish Revolution-local or global?' This was attended by a local audience who participated in questions and discussion, and the recorded proceedings were further disseminated via podcast hosted by Histoyr Ireland, Ireland's leading history magazine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.decadeofcentenaries.com/13-april-2019-history-ireland-hedge-school-the-irish-revolution-...
 
Description History Ireland Hedge School, Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This History Ireland Hedge School, hosted by the University of Edinburgh, facilitated a public discussion on the role of Scotland in the global Irish Revolution. This discussion was further disseminated by History Ireland via podcast.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2019
URL https://www.decadeofcentenaries.com/history-ireland-hedge-school-in-the-university-of-edinburgh/
 
Description History Ireland publication on Ireland's Global Revolution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Edited by Fearghal McGarry and Enda Delaney, The Irish revolution: 1919-21, a global history was produced by History Ireland, Ireland's leading popular history magazine. The third in the History Ireland Centenary Series tracking the decade of commemorations and features contributions from a host of scholars in the field, this special issue, featuring articles by leading Irish and international historians, focused on placing the Irish revolution in a global context. In addition to being widely circulated to the public, the Commemorations Unit (Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht) funded the distribution of The Irish revolution:1919-21, a global history to all post-primary schools in Ireland. Speaking at the presentation of The Irish revolution:1919-21, a global history to senior level history students at Oatlands College, Stillorgan, Co Dublin, Minister Josepha Madigan said 'The Irish Revolution 1919-21: A Global History, the latest publication from the History Ireland stable, demonstrates that the War of Independence wasn't just about 'raids and rallies' but part of a wider moment in world history. I am delighted to support its distribution to post-primary schools throughout the country. The publication will be a significant learning resource to support history teachers and students alike in navigating this challenging period in our history.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.decadeofcentenaries.com/presentation-of-the-irish-revolution-1919-21-a-global-history-to...
 
Description Interview with Newstalk Breakfast, Centenary of the First Dáil (21 January 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Interview with Northern Sound Radio, Centenary of the First Dáil (14 January 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Interview with RTÉ History Show, Centenary of the First Dáil (20 January 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Online articles on 'Why Irish revolutionaries had to go global' and 'Patrick McCartan: global revolutionary' for Century Ireland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Two articles for the Century Ireland website concerning aspects of Irish revolutionaries transnational experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/index.php/articles/why-irish-revolutionaries-had-to-go-global
 
Description Panellist at History Ireland magazine Hedge School discussing the Russian Revolution at the Electric Picnic music festival, 3 September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The History Ireland Hedge School debated 'One hundred years since the Russian Revolution: the dustbin of history?' at the Electric Picnic music festival at Stradbally, Co. Laois, 3 September 2017. Podcast available online.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.historyireland.com/podcast/history-ireland-hedge-school-mindfield-electric-picnic/
 
Description Participant in History Ireland Hedge School: '1918 and the new world order' at Electric Picnic, Stradbally, Co. Laois, September 3, 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The discussion on Ireland's role in the global upheaval following the Great War is to continue in both academic and popular forums over the coming years.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://issuu.com/goworkhouse/docs/mindfield_ep18_programme_29
 
Description Participant in History Ireland Hedge School: 'From bullets to ballots' Ireland 1917-19, National Photographic Archive, 4 December 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Part of a panel discussing the dramatic changes in Ireland after 1917 and particularly examining the 1918 general election. I stressed the importance of the continuing world war, the Wilsonian promise of self-determination and Irish republican awareness of the global scene.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.historyireland.com/podcast/from-ballots-to-bullets-ireland-1918-19/
 
Description Participant in History Ireland Hedge School: 'The 1918 General Election: political earthquake or same old same old?' Allingham Festival, Ballyshannon, Co. Donegal, 10 November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A panel discussion on the 1918 general election, in which I stressed the trans-national aspects of the event. Secondary school students from Co. Tyrone attended, along with members of the public from Donegal and Derry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.historyireland.com/podcast/the-1918-general-election-political-earthquake-or-same-old-sa...
 
Description Participant in RTE Radio's The History Show, discussing the First Dáil and its impact. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I was part of a panel, including my colleague Darragh Gannon, which discussed the First Dáil; Darragh and I stressed the trans-national and global impacts of the Dáil and its message.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2019
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJ8p3Jzlbp4
 
Description Podcast with Edinburgh Cowgate 107 project 'All hail to the pod'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with Edinburgh based community podcast which is listened to by those interested in Irish history and political activism across Scotland and beyond.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2018
URL https://soundcloud.com/all-hail-pod
 
Description Public commemoration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dail Eireann, The First 100 Years 1919 -2019 was a one-day conference, produced in partnership with the Houses of the Oireachtas, is being held to mark the 100th anniversary of Dáil Éireann (the Irish Parliament). The conference, which was held during the week of the 100th anniversary of the 14 December 1918 general election, commenced the Irish Government's programme of events to commemorate 100 years of Dáil Éireann, which first sat in the Mansion House on 21 January 1919. The event, involving academics, politicians and journalists, consisted of panel discussions, followed by Q&A sessions with the public, on the origins, consolidation, evolution and development of Dáil Éireann.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/files/162163171/dail_eireann_first_100_programme_1.pdf
 
Description Public discussion: 'Lessons of the Russian Revolution' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact I was part of a panel which discussed the impact of the Russian Revolution on Ireland and more generally at Liberty Hall, Dublin, on 17th November 2017. The occasion was the 'Kevin McMahon memorial lecture' organised by the Services, Industrial, Professional and Technical Trade Union (SIPTU), Ireland's largest trade union.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public lecture 'Red Scares and Rebels' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lecture entitled 'Red Scares and rebels': Ireland and Communism' delivered as part of a series run by Dublin City Library and Archives to mark the centenary of the Russian Revolution. This lunch time lecture was held in the Council chamber of Dublin's City Hall on 17 October 2017. A podcast of the talk will become available in the near future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public screening, Lamalou-les-Bain, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public screening of The Enigma of Frank Ryan at Centre Ulysse, Lamalou-les-Bains, France, followed by Q&A with film-maker Des Bell.

The screening prompted public discussion of the contentious historical and political issues raised by the film.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Public talk, Douglas Hyde conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public talk on Ireland's Global Revolution for Douglas Hyde conference. The Douglas Hyde Conference 2019, organised by Roscommon County Council, supported by the Department of Culture, Heritage & the Gaeltacht and Arts Council took place on Friday 27th September at the Northern & Western Regional Assembly Rooms, Ballaghaderreen. This one day programme is part of the Decade of Centenaries programme which sees a number of invited speakers, academics and historians reflect on the events of a hundred years ago under the conference tile of The Road to Democracy. The conference is divided into four themed sessions with two speakers with each covering the significant issues of Revolution to Democracy, Dáil Eireann Centenary, War of Independence and Art & Archives. Audiences will have an opportunity to hear from speakers about the transformation of a revolution with violence of the period into functioning democracy, the attempts to gain international recognition, the symbolism and choreography of the first Dail meeting, the drift into the War of Independence, the difficult role of the Royal Irish Constabulary, art, revolution and reality and of the important value of the military archives pensions collections as first hand local accounts of events in Roscommon.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.decadeofcentenaries.com/the-douglas-hyde-conference-2019/
 
Description Research presentation (IASH, University of Edinburgh) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact The Enigma of Frank Ryan was screened at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities and film-maker, Des Bell, and historian, Fearghal McGarry, discussed the challenges of interdisciplinary collaboration and screening history.

The screening and Q&A prompted lively discussion on the contentious historical and political issues raised by the film, as well as discussion of the methodological and historiographical issues involved in screening history.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Research presentation at international conference marking Korean independence, Seoul, South Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This research presentation formed part of a public conference in Seoul, organised by the Northeast Asian History Foundation with the support of the South Korean government, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the March 1st Independence Movement, which took place in 1919 to resist Japanese colonial rule in Korea, and the establishment of the Korean Provisional Government, established in Shanghai on April 11, 1919. The overall theme of the conference, which featured scholars from Korea, China, Japan and Ireland, was 'East Asian Independence Movement in the Global Context of Democracy and Republicanism'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=3062018
 
Description Research presentation, Ireland, the Revolution and the First World War conference, Paris 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Research presentation on Ireland's Global Revolution for international conference supported by the Embassy of Ireland (France), Centre Culturel Irlandais, Paris, and French Mission du Centaire.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://pureadmin.qub.ac.uk/ws/portalfiles/portal/185708175/Paris_Conference.pdf
 
Description Research presentation, Partitions, Migrations and Spaces of Engagement Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This conference presentation on Ireland's global revolution formed part of PARTITIONS, MIGRATIONS AND SPACES OF ENGAGEMENT:
the legacies of conflict and the processes of peacebuilding, a research colloquium organised involving scholars from George Washington University, Washington DC, and Queen's University Belfast which was held at Queen's University Belfast on 8-10 May 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://pure.qub.ac.uk/en/activities/partitions-migrations-and-spaces-of-engagement-conference-2
 
Description Screening History at the Public Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In collaboration with the Ulster Musuem, we organised a series of public talks and film screenings by leading film scholars and film-makers to explore how history is represented by the medium of film.
Ulster Museum, 1 pm, Wednesday, 30 April

Ian Christie (Birkbeck, University of London): 'Never mind the facts: why films invent the past'

Dramatic films notoriously take liberties with the historical record, and are often accused of misleading public opinion. In this illustrated talk, Ian Christie argues that we should take films seriously for the ways they bring the past to life, but not mistake them for textbooks.

Ian Christie, FBA, is Professor of Film and Media History at Birkbeck. A Queen's graduate, he has published widely on Russian and British cinema; early film; Powell and Pressburger; and Martin Scorsese. A regular broadcaster, Ian is currently directing a project in the Czech Republic on 'Representing the Past'.

Ulster Museum, 6 pm, Thursday, 8 May
Screening: The Enigma of Frank Ryan (Des Bell, 2012).

Followed by Q&A with director, Des Bell (NCAD) and consultant historian, Fearghal McGarry (QUB). Frank Ryan's life remains an enigma. The teenage IRA volunteer, dissident republican and Spanish International Brigade volunteer ended his life working for the Nazis in wartime Berlin.

A leading film-maker, Des Bell employs the imaginative resources of the creative documentary to explore a human story of truly tragic proportions. Desmond Bell is Head of Academic Affairs and Research at the National College of Art and Design, Dublin. He has directed several films for television and cinema including Child of the Dead End (2009), Rebel Frontier (2005) and Hard Road to Klondike (1999).

Ulster Museum, 1 pm, Thursday, 15 May
James Chapman (University of Leicester): 'Film and public history'

More people 'know' their history from seeing movies than reading books but what responsibility does this place on the film-maker as historian? Professional historians have typically been dismissive of film for its factual errors and misinterpretation. This lecture, which explores how films present ideologies of nationhood, class, gender and imperialism, will argue that film is often as valuable a source for understanding the present in which it was made as the past in which it is set.

James Chapman is Professor of Film Studies at the University of Leicester. He has published widely on film and cultural history including on the British at war, James Bond, national identity, and Dr Who. His most recent publication is Film and History (Palgrave, 2013).

Ulster Museum, 1 pm, Friday 23 May
Alison Ribeiro de Menezes (Warwick University), 'Screening Memory: The Spanish Civil War'

The Spanish Civil War ended 75 years ago, yet its legacy is still keenly debated in Spain today. This talk explores how the war been depicted in film, and the contribution that film as a medium might make to the remembrance of conflictive pasts.

Professor Alison Ribeiro de Menezes is head of Hispanic Studies at Warwick University. She has published widely on contemporary Spanish narrative and cultural memory. Alison's new monograph, Embodying Memory in Contemporary Spain, has just been published by Palgrave Macmillan.

Through attendance and Q&A's, the public discussed how history is represented on film. The series of talks generated media coverage, and the talks have been made available to the public and to students via podcast resources.
For media coverage, see: http://www.culturenorthernireland.org/article/6405/screening-history
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Screening and History Ireland Hedge School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On 26 February 2012, following the second screening of The Enigma of Frank Ryan at the Irish Film Institute, Tommy Graham hosted a History Ireland hedge school (i.e. panel discussion and public debate) on the life and legacy of Frank Ryan.The panel consisted of historians Brian Hanley (UCD), Leeann Lane (DCU), Fearghal McGarry (QUB) and David O'Donoghue. Contributors from the floor include Manus O'Riordan, who has written widely on Ryan and Irish responses to the Spanish Civil War, and Maeve Clissmann, whose parents, Helmut and Elizabeth, are portrayed in the film. Among the issues discussed are Ryan's relationship with Rosamond Jacob, the ideology of Republican Congress, Ryan's motivations for fighting in Spain, and just what Ryan may have been doing in Nazi Germany during the Second World War.

The Hedge School raised awareness of the documentary and stimulated discussion of the contentious historical and political issues raised by the film. The Hedge School was recorded and disseminated through various outlets such as the History Ireland website and as such will provide a resource for public and researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Screening and panel discussion, Irish Film Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The screening raised awareness of the documentary. The audience attended a post-screening Q&A which discussed the contentious historical and political issues raised by the film.

We received requests for further screenings and talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Screening and public discussion, Belfast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Enigma of Frank Ryan screened at the Queen's Film Theatre, 25 April 2013. The screening was followed by a panel discussion with Des Bell (film-maker and head of research National College of Art and Design), Fearghal McGarry (consultant historian) and Tom Hartley (Sinn Fein councillor, former Lord Mayor of Belfast and republican activist since 1969).

The screening and post-screening Q&A prompted public discussion of the contentious political and historical issues raised by the documentary. This, in turn, prompted wider media coverage of the event and the issues raised.
For press coverage and subsequent reflections on this event by participants see: http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/InterpretativeResources/PoliticalandHistoricalDialogues/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Screening and public discussion, Dublin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Enigma of Frank Ryan screened at the National College of Art and Design, Dublin, on 8 October 2013. The screening was followed by a panel discussion on film history with film-makers Des Bell and Pat Murphy (Anne Devlin, Nora) and consultant historian Fearghal McGarry. Chaired by History Ireland editor, Tommy Graham, the event formed part of the NCAD Research Institute's 'interdisciplinary adventures for the visual arts' series.

The post-screening event prompted discussion of the contentious political and historical issues raised in the film, as well as prompting interdisciplinary dialogue between film practitioners/artists, academics and teaching staff on the challenges of screening history.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Screening and public discussion, Galway 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Enigma of Frank Ryan screened at The Intelligence of Art: Art Practice and Research symposium, Huston School of Film & Digital Media, Galway, 24-26 October 2013. The film showed as part of the practice-based research symposium, and was introduced by film-maker Des Bell.

The screening and Q&A prompted discussion of the contentious political and historical issues raised by the film, as well as discussion between film practitioners and academics concerning the interdisciplinary challenges of screening history.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Screening and public discussion, Limerick Film Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The film was screened as part of the Limerick Film Festival, and the lively public discussion which followed discussed the contentious political and historical issues raised by the film, as well as the methodological and historiographical issues involved in screening history.

The screening prompted lively debate, and media coverage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Screening and public discussion, National University of Ireland Galway 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact The screening and Q&A prompted lively discussion from conference delegates about the contentious political and historical issues raised by the film, as well as about the methodological and historiographical issues involved in screening history.

The screening raised the profile of the research project among Irish historians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Submission to public consultation process, on behalf of the Expert Advisory Group, on commemoration of the Decade of Centenaries, 1918-23 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The following submission was submitted to the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht to assist the Expert Advisory Group on Commemorations in their work to advise Government regarding the State's approach to commemorations over the remainder of the Decades of Centenaries.
Ireland and the wider world: a submission to the Expert Advisory Group on Commemorations

Summary:

We welcome the public call for submissions to assist the Expert Advisory Group on Commemorations in advising Government on the State's approach to the commemoration of significant historical events that took place between 1918 and 1923.

Our proposal is that the historical events and themes proposed for remembrance by the State over the remainder of the Decade of Centenaries acknowledge the role of the global Irish diaspora, and the impact of international events more generally, in shaping the Irish Revolution and its outcome. We also believe that an international dimension will engage the global Irish in matters relating to Irish culture and heritage, a key objective of DFAT's Global Irish: Ireland's Diaspora Policy (2015).

Context and rationale:

One of the most important developments in Irish historical writing over recent decades has been the effort to place the Easter Rising in its broader European context. Once viewed as parallel historical developments, the First World War and the 1916 rebellion are now seen, in the words of Keith Jeffery, to constitute a 'seamless robe' of Irish experience. Historians have been successful in conveying this idea to the general public during the 'Decade of Centenaries'. The international dimension of the State's commemorative programme has also strengthened important connections between the Irish people at home and abroad. One of the most successful aspects of the 2016 centenary, resulting from the DFAT's ambitious global programme, was the extent to which Irish communities across the world participated in historical reflections and ceremonies to mark the Easter Rising. A number of world-leading universities were involved in the 1916/2016 programme including Oxford, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Queen's University, and Boston College, bringing a much-welcome international context to the discussions and debates about the events of this period.
In contrast, there is less public awareness of the extent to which Ireland's campaign for independence was bound up with wider European and global developments after 1918. The attainment of Irish sovereignty depended not only on developments within Ireland but on those beyond the island. The popularity of the Wilsonian ideal of national self-determination in the immediate aftermath of the First World War provided a vital context for the emergence of democratic republics across much of Europe. The global Irish diaspora, not only in the United States but across the British Empire, played a crucial role in sustaining Ireland's struggle for independence. Events in Ireland also had a significant impact beyond Ireland, particularly on oppressed nationalities in other parts of the world.
Irish revolutionaries' appreciation of the need to win international support for Irish independence is evident from Dáil initiatives such as the Message to the Free Nations of the World, the success of the Dáil foreign ministry in establishing consuls across Europe and the wider world, and President de Valera's presence in the United States between June 1919 and December 1920. Despite this, events within Ireland, in particular the military aspects of the War of Independence, tend to overshadow the importance of the international and political dimensions of the struggle for Irish independence. Our concern is that an official commemorative programme which marks only military and political events within Ireland may reinforce insular perspectives on this period of Irish history. This may well have the unintended consequences of promoting insularity and inward-looking perspectives.
We also believe that a greater public understanding and awareness of the wider international context, particularly through exploration of the parallels between experiences in Ireland and other parts of Europe where empires gave way to nation-states, might provide an effective means of approaching some of the most difficult and contested events of 1918-23. Sensitive, and still deeply divisive, issues such as sectarian violence; partition; the experience of religious and political minorities; and civil war - which are often interpreted in a narrow Irish context - might usefully be assessed in a broader, comparative framework as these were features of many of the new post-war European states that emerged from the First World War's violent aftermath.

Recommendations:

1. An event recognising the participation of the global Irish diaspora in the republican campaign for independence be included in The Independence Struggle 1919 - 1921 (military and parallel non-military activity) timeline of key events.

One potential date might be 23 August 1920 when a small group of American and Irish women began a protest vigil outside the British Consulate in New York to draw attention to Terence MacSwiney's hunger strike in London. Four days later, their protest spread to the New York harbour front when Irish, Irish-American and African-American longshoremen refused to unload the cargo of the S.S. Baltic, a White Star liner from which Archbishop Mannix had been removed by the British military to prevent his journey to Ireland. In addition to highlighting international involvement in the struggle for Irish independence, the ensuing dispute demonstrated how Irish demands for independence were, at times, bound up with wider progressive causes such as female suffrage, racial injustice and anti-imperialism.

2. The inclusion of 'Ireland and the Wider World' as a theme within the Significant Historical Events and Themes (1918 - 1923). This will, as the Expert Advisory Committee notes, 'provide an opportunity to highlight new and ongoing research and perspectives and to emphasise the huge broadening of the frameworks for interpreting the events of 1917 - 1923 in recent decades'. In addition to providing 'the opportunity to encourage scholarship at national and local level', these new scholarly interpretations should be made as publicly accessible as possible.

3. Establishing a short series of public lectures by leading international, diaspora and Irish scholars reflecting on global developments, such as the international impact of the shift from empire to self-determination, and the role of the Irish diaspora in shaping Ireland's revolution. This might be hosted at an appropriate venue such as the Royal Irish Academy, and further disseminated to the global Irish diaspora via podcast.

4. The convening of an international scholarly conference at an appropriate high-profile location, such as Boston or New York, bringing together historians of Ireland, the Irish diaspora, and other countries influenced by anti-imperial struggle during this period, to reflect on the global dimensions of Ireland's revolution and its wider impact on empire. Such a conference, organised by an international university or a partnership of a number of international institutions, might incorporate public events involving the Irish diaspora, other diasporic communities, and representatives of civic groups such as the American labour movement which played such a prominent role in the Irish Patriotic Strike of 1920.

Submitted on behalf of the AHRC-funded research project, A Global History of Irish Revolution: (http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk/projects?ref=AH%2FP00914X%2F1)

Prof. Fearghal McGarry, Queen's University Belfast
Prof. Enda Delaney, The University of Edinburgh
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.chg.gov.ie/news-centre/news-centre-consultations/
 
Description Teaching Divided Histories conference, Nerve Centre, Derry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project staff recently took part in the Teaching Divided Histories Conference, presented by the Nerve Centre and the British Council (18-19 October, 2013). The TDH conference brought together filmmakers, journalists, educators and community activists to discuss issues around media representation of conflict and the role of film and the moving image in teaching divided histories.
Dr Fearghal McGarry presented on the topic of 'History on Film'. Dr McGarry spoke about his own collaboration with filmmaker Des Bell, serving as historical consultant on the feature film The Enigma of Frank Ryan, and the AHRC-funded knowledge-transfer project that emerged from this collaboration. Based on the findings of this project, Dr McGarry discussed possible approaches open to historians when evaluating historical films, and suggested ways in which productive filmmaker/historian collaborations might evolve.

The issues raised in the presentation prompted discussion throughout the conference as to the potential of film, and projects around screening history, for educational purposes in divided societies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/frankryan/NewsEvents/
 
Description Television commentary, broadcast marking centenary of establishment of First Dail (Irish independence), 1919 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Fearghal McGarry provided in-studio commentary for RTE's broadcast of the commemoration of the establishment of the First Dail commemorated by a joint sitting of the current Dáil and Seanad in the round room of the Mansion House in Dublin where the first Dáil met in 1919.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.rte.ie/news/2019/0121/1024471-dail-centenary-mansion-house/
 
Description Universities Ireland conference: Votes for the People, 1 December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Votes for the people: 1918' was the seventh in a series of public conferences organised by Universities Ireland, the network of university presidents and vice-chancellors on the island of Ireland to commemorate the centenary of key events in the history of modern Ireland ranging from the Ulster Covenant, through the First World War and the 1916 Rising, to the foundation of the Irish and Northern Irish States. The aim of the conference was to explore both the high politics of the moment and its wider social context. Why did Sinn Féin triumph? How did the enfranchisement of women shape the election and the status of women in society? How did Unionists and Britain respond to the republican challenge? How was the election shaped by local and global concerns during a period of rapid revolutionary change?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://universitiesireland.ie/1912-1923-reflecting-on-a-decade-of-war-and-revolution-in-ireland-vote...
 
Description Website content on Global Irish Revolution, RTE/Boston College Century Ireland project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Our project provided a range of online print and visual content on Global Irish Revolution, a dedicated strand of the RTE/Boston College Century Ireland project.The Century Ireland project is an online historical newspaper that tells the story of the events of Irish life a century ago. Published on a fortnightly basis, beginning in May 2013, Century Ireland is the main online portal for the Irish decade of commemorations, 1912-23. News reporting on life in Ireland 100 years ago is supported by a wealth of visul, archival and contextual material to facilitate an understanding of the complexities of Irish life in the year between 1912 and 1923. Funded by the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, Century Ireland is hosted by RTÉ and the site is complimented by their broadcast schedule and material from the RTÉ archive. At the core of Century Ireland is a collaborative partnership between the major cultural and educational institutions in Ireland. By working so fruitfully together, the various partners are making a range of rarely (or never) seen material available that will bring the events of a century ago to life. Century Ireland was awarded an Eircom Spider award for best Irish Arts, Culture & Heritage website in 2013 and shortlisted for a prestigious Prix Europa, one of the biggest international prizes for public service television, radio and online production.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/index.php/articles/introducing-the-global-irish-revolution