: Utilising Marine Cultural Heritage in East Africa to help develop sustainable social, economic and cultural benefits

Lead Research Organisation: University of Nottingham
Department Name: Sch of Humanities

Abstract

The Rising from the Depths network will identify how the tangible submerged and coastal Marine Cultural Heritage (MCH) of Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and Madagascar, and its associated intangible aspects, can stimulate, ethical, inclusive and sustainable growth in the region. The multidisciplinary project team (experienced in challenge-led research and KE in ODA environments) will determine ways in which MCH can directly benefit East African communities and local economies, building identity, stimulating alternative sources of income (reducing poverty), and enhancing the value and impact of overseas aid in the maritime sector. East Africa is undergoing a period of profound change as the economy of the region gains momentum, driven by changing internal dynamics and by external interests. The region's maritime zone is central to these developments with offshore exploration for oil and gas deposits driving investment, coupled with major financing of new and established ports to facilitate trade with the Gulf countries. In addition to aid and investment from both the UK and other western governments, China and Saudi Arabia are funding major infrastructural and development projects across the region. While these developments have the potential to realise short-term economic, developmental and employment benefits, there has been little consideration of the impact of this work on the region's submerged and coastal heritage.

Nascent maritime research in East Africa is just beginning to reveal the extent of maritime cultures and traditions across the region as well as the evidence for wider maritime activity that connected this coast to the broader Indian Ocean region. The sea in East Africa is a connector, a facilitator of communications, a supplier of resources that sustains life and an environment that is rooted in the belief systems of coastal peoples. For millennia this coast has been embedded within broader political and socio-economic domains, and witness to multiple migrations, invasions and trade activity. Its port towns and cities were intrinsically connected to a wider mercantile maritime world, ensuring it became one of the most culturally dynamic and diverse regions throughout history. It was, and continues to be, a region of continuous transformation and subject to a variety of anthropogenic and natural drivers of change. Development agreements very rarely take account of cultural heritage even though access to it is considered a fundamental human right. East African counties currently have little capacity to protect or explore their rich maritime heritage and, as a result, the socio-economic potential of MCH has yet to be realised. Worse, while the submerged resource is being impacted by marine exploitation, commercial salvage and offshore industry, the coastal resource is being threatened by building and development work as well as climatic and environmental change and even some green-energy projects. MCH is a fragile and finite resource, which once destroyed can never be recovered.

This project will establish and maintain a transboundary and cross-sector network of arts and humanities-led researchers, government officers, scientists, policy makers, UN officials, NGOs, ICT professionals and specialists working in heritage, infrastructure and the offshore industry, to consider in what ways MCH can create long-lasting social, economic and cultural benefits in the region. The project will identify new opportunities and methodologies for arts and humanities research in an aid context and add value to coastal infrastructure and offshore development projects. Key mechanisms of engagement will be through the co-production of a Research and KE Framework, Innovation Projects and KE activities.

The nations of coastal East Africa have aspirations to transform themselves into a thriving maritime gateway of trade and investment. The past has an active role in not only informing this development but in helping drive it.

Planned Impact

The Rising from the Depths project will fill knowledge gaps that currently limit the way that Marine Cultural Heritage (MCH) contributes to culturally and economically sustainable growth and the alleviation of poverty in East Africa, delivering impacts across three primary stakeholder groups.

Community: Local communities are struggling to retain their cultural identities in the face of rapidly expanding development, contributing to their lack of 'voice' in important economic and cultural decisions affecting their lives. Cultural heritage plays a vital role in redressing this, supporting individuals and communities to convey identities and values, foster social inclusion and sense of belonging (UNESCO 2015). This project will provide new knowledge about cultural identities beyond 'Swahili', through an open-source MCH Usable Past online platform and community projects run in partnership with local museums and schools for sustainability.

Industry: Offshore oil and gas extraction is a growth industry in East Africa, a key part of regional economic growth plans, and focus of significant amounts of overseas aid. Despite this, knowledge of MCH as an economic and cultural resource is missing from debates about the sustainable development of coastal and marine environments in East Africa. Rising from the Depths will:
1 provide a deep time perspective through data sets relating to sea level change and human responses to climatic change over millennia resulting in stronger coastal resilience planning and the development of integrated Coastal Zone Management plans that will protect EA communities and their associated heritage and environmental assets.
2 Stimulate growth in heritage tourism. At present MCH is not part of strategies aimed at developing the sustainable tourist industry in coastal East Africa, which focuses entirely on natural resources like wildlife and coral reefs. Through targeted projects around MCH sites and the MCH Useable Past web platform, the richness of East Africa MCH will be communicated to a wider national and international audience allowing a heritage tourism economy to develop.
3 Contribute to job creation in professional archaeology as infrastructure and development projects driven by national economic targets increase.
4 Contribute to growth in supply chain and derivative industries related to heritage through access to the open-source data (i.e. creative industries and museums in the region, museum installations and electronic publishing companies, and other content-based creative industries).

Policy-makers: MCH is not currently part of the international, national or local development policy landscape, leading to environmental degradation and economic under use. At the local and national level the project will inform local and national approaches to coastal management, sustainable tourism, and public access to MCH. The project will also consider, for the first time, the benefits of including MCH in development aid and private investment agreements in an East Africa context - both in terms of right to access, and the obligation to protect MCH. This will lead to more effective policies that articulate the value of MCH as a human right, an economic asset, and an integral part of community and individual identity-building. The outcomes of improved, interconnected international, national and local policy will be an increase in the cultural and economic value of East Africa heritage, and an enhanced role for it in local and national economic growth strategies. Direct beneficiaries will be UNESCO, Government officials, heritage professionals, aid specialists, and NGOs dealing with aid.
Common to all impact activity will be an element of capacity-building both for the core research team, the research community of participating HEIs in the region, and members of the three key stakeholder groups identified here.

For SDG impact see ODA Compliance Statement and Pathways doc.

Organisations

 
Title Innovation project: Festival of the Sea video 
Description Video showing the innovation project's festival of the sea. Shows activities from the day 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Shared on project social media and social media of the associated charities. Keeps record of the day and shows the range of engaged stakeholders 
URL https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=2477208045896639
 
Description The major achievements in the first year of the project include:
- Kick-off meeting in Nottingham 15th Nov 2017
- 13-17th December - Regional meetings with project partners in Nairobi, Kenya and Maptuo, Mozambique,
- 14-24th Feb 2018 Large network meetings and skill-sharing events in Mozambique and Kenya; 24 May 2018 in Roehampton: Two network meetings were held in Mozambique. One in Ilha de Moçambique which was attended members of the local community, artists, fishermen, youth groups and academics from the Faculty of Social Sciences, Lurio University and Prof Ricardo Duarte from Eduardo Mondlane University. Another meeting was held in at Eduardo Mondalne University in Maputo and was attended by over 100 academics, students and representatives from NGOs and UNESCO. In Kenya, the meeting was held in Mombasa at the Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute and was attended by 50 participants from a range of organisations relevant to research and/or management of cultural heritage in Kenya. The UK network meeting in Roehampton was aimed at UK academics to address the research themes identified in the African meetings and discuss putting applications together for the RftD project calls. These meetings were extremely important to disseminate the project goals and activities, including the PhD studentships and strand 2 funding opportunities (see section ii).
- Recruitment of three PDRAs, who have carried out scoping activities within the region, helped to advertise the funding call and have been successful in receiving funding themselves.
- Launch and assessment of the first call, receiving applications for over £1.75 million and granting awards for a value of £400k. These include awards working in all four of our countries of focus, a range of ECR and established researchers as well as PIs from both the UK and East Africa.
- Establishment of our organisational structure between the collaborators and operational structure for GRCF projects within the University of Nottingham.
- Securing additional 10K funding to produce the first element of the usable past platform, an interactive map, bringing together the research of all of the PDRAs to show the interaction between different disciplines and the possible effects on coastal regions and their heritage.
- Creation and launch of our website and blog, a multidisciplinary platform for the dissemination of research, KE and promotion of calls and events.
Exploitation Route The project will generate a step-change in the ambition and academic profile of Marine Cultural Heritage research, fully establishing it as key field in understanding human culture. The findings of the project (still in progress) will benefit archaeology (maritime & terrestrial), anthropology, coastal management, cultural heritage, digital humanities, development law, environmental science, marine sciences, museum studies, natural and cultural history and visual arts.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.risingfromthedepths.com
 
Description A main aim of the network is to build capacity in the region to protect, utilise and enhance the potential of Marine Cultural Heritage. In the scoping year this work was focused on knowledge exchange and co-creation events with local organisations and coastal groups. 29 projects are now running in the region (3rd call projects began in Jan 2020) - evidence of capacity building will result as they progress and are completed (most projects are due to complete by July/Aug 2020. In the fourth year (20-21) of the project - capacity building and the combined impacts of the funded projects will be recorded by one of the PDRAs who will be tasked with mapping the overall impact of the network (through various Innovation Project outputs). Each project is required to have its own pathway to impact statement on how KE will be delivered. To date we can say we have raised capacity in the following ways: • Working with PIs of projects based in the region to increase their understanding of how to make competitive research funding applications and how the UK funding landscape functions (in terms of reporting and outputs). This has increased confidence with the systems used, allowing Global South academics and organisations to apply for further funding opportunities both within and outside of the network. • Innovation projects have strengthened research capacity, with many projects offering training to local young people and early career researchers, allowing them transfer knowledge to local communities. • Innovation projects have strengthened capacity for local stakeholders including community groups and the general public. This includes a local woman's group who, as a result of the project, have started butterfly farming as a method of generating income, and groups who have used project activity as a means to campaign for safer fishing conditions locally • The PhD cohort (professionals from the region) have benefited from two network meetings to present their research to the RftD Management Board. One PhD candidate (Wycliffe Omondi, National Museums of Kenya) has joined the East Africa Advisory Board to support CoI Solange Macamo. This cohort will directly influence practice in their respective organisations on completion of their research. The PhD researchers and the post-docs are on track to becoming leading academics in their fields. • In terms of raising UK institutional capcpity we have established a Network of GCRF project managers and advertising our work through a new website (https://gcrfmanagersnetwork.wordpress.com/) • The project has provided training to numerous groups such as directly contributing resources and on-site activity to UNESCO capacity building training in Mozambique https://en.unesco.org/events/training-underwater-archaeology-african-countries • Some the funded projects have laid the seeds for developing into bigger grants applications. For example the project by Davitti at Lamu Port in Kenya has formed the basis for an ERC application that the PI has made to the EU. Although it is too early to track the impact of the award we are beginning to see outstanding results from funded projects currently in progress. In Madagascar the Reharbouring Heritage project organised an SDG focused maritime festival which was attended by over 3,000 local people - economically, Sainte Luce was brought to life and feedback testified to measurable social and economic impacts of the initiative. In Mozambique the CoastSnap project is raising awareness of coastal change and how local communities can help record and mitigate changes. Engaging the local population in a citizen science project brings a novel approach to addressing issues where the opinions or inputs from the wider, non-scientific, community are often not considered. In Tanzania the East Pemba Maritime Heritage Project is examining how traditional fishing methods are more compatible with sustainable development, but are increasingly being lost through competition and the markets offered by the hotels' demand for fish. In Kenya work with a women's co-operative as part of the MUCH to Discover project has come up with several income generating activities for the local community including butterfly farming, bee keeping, organic farming, canoe, basketry, fishing techniques. The women's group is recycling waste materials such as clothes to create pieces of art such as cups, mugs, hats, mats, baskets and other items that they display and sell at the boat yard and dhow hous created by the project. They are also using previously lost traditional methods to catch fish. Over all the initiatives are creating real economic benefits for the local community with the combined total earned to date KSH 110,102 = c.£840 of new income. The impact of development on coastal groups is a key area of a number of funded Innovation projects - and, as a result, these projects are engaging with industrial marine stakeholders and developers. Part of our strategy to reach these groups has been to ensure marine heritage is seen as an important resource to marine stakeholders more widely. PI Henderson was one of only ten archaeologists worldwide invited to the first Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) global meeting on the Roadmap for the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development in Copenhagen, Denmark May 12-16th 2019. At the meeting he presented on the Rising from the Depths network in the official UNESCO underwater cultural heritage side event to make the case for including marine heritage as part of the UN Decade. Through this engagement, in September 2019 he was invited on to the organizing committee of the Ocean Decade Heritage Network (https://www.oceandecadeheritage.org/ )- an official part of the UN's Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021-2030. The Ocean Heritage network is following the blueprint of the RftD initiative. This will ensure that outputs from RftD will feed directly into the UN Decade. The project has enabled the Project Team to support regional research and scholars in ways that was not possible previously, connecting them with UK colleagues and directly supporting work in the region. It has allowed all team members to recruit at least one East African PhD candidate significantly enhancing the career prospects of the candidates once they return home. For example, one of the Nottingham PhD candidates, Wycliffe Oloo, is a member of staff at the National Museums of Kenya giving the RftD to train a key governmental official in the importance and impact of MCH - he has been given leave by the museums service to conduct his PhD and will return to his job on completion. The creation of the next generation of early career researchers, through the inclusion of 3 PDRAs and 10 PhD students (who started in Feb 2019) within the management and execution of the project, is key to our capacity building approach and will ensure that impact continues beyond the current funding phase. The network has been a crucial facilitator in setting up setting up links between researchers and universities in the region. For example, in November 2018 the Department of Archaeology at York signed an MOU with the Department of Archaeology at University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, covering collaboration on research projects on marine cultural heritage. Colleagues from UDSM are now being supported and encouraged to develop projects for the RftD second grant call. RftD has facilitated research exchanges between the National Museums of Scotland and Eduardo Mondlane University (supporting in particular the establishment of the first Museum of Archjaeology in Mozambique at the EMU campus ((see Forging new links in Maputo, Mozambique http://uk.icom.museum/news/view/?title=forging-new-links-in-maputo-mozambique/ ).The University of Nottingham Museum is also advising EMU on museum storage and display.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description BU Prestigious Research Funders Scheme
Amount £90,672 (GBP)
Organisation Bournemouth University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 01/2022
 
Description Bournemouth University Bridging Funds Scheme
Amount £7,300 (GBP)
Organisation Bournemouth University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2019 
End 06/2019
 
Description Financial support to attend Society & Sea conference
Amount £430 (GBP)
Organisation Bournemouth University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2018 
End 07/2018
 
Description Global Challenges Research Fund Impact Acceleration Account
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Nottingham 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2018 
End 04/2019
 
Description Mangroves and livelihoods: Embracing changes for a better future (funded by BU Global Challenges Research Fund)
Amount £7,400 (GBP)
Organisation Bournemouth University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2020 
End 07/2020
 
Description PhD Studentship in Law Rising from the Depths Lea Di Salvatore
Amount £80,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Nottingham 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2019 
End 10/2022
 
Description Sister Communities of Coastal Women: Sustainable livelihoods rooted on cultural and natural heritage (funded by Bournemouth University GCRF (October 2019) call
Amount £29,016 (GBP)
Organisation Bournemouth University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2020 
End 07/2021
 
Description Understanding changes in mangrove use and climate change knowledge in a coastal community in Lamu, Kenya (funded by BU QR Global Challenges Research Fund)
Amount £4,000 (GBP)
Organisation Bournemouth University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2019 
End 07/2020
 
Description Co-supervision of PhD student 
Organisation Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Dr James Kairo was invited and accepted to join the supervisory team of PhD student Amina Juma (enrolled at Bournemouth University), which will focus on uses of mangroves in Kenya, and impacts of climate change on mangrove-dependent livelihoods.
Collaborator Contribution Dr James Kairo was invited and accepted to join the supervisory team of PhD student Amina Juma.
Impact The collaboration just started. It will involve remote sensing, natural resources management, human geography, environmental, marine and cliamte sciences.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project, CoastSnap Mozambique, Caridad Ballesteros, Bournemouth University 
Organisation Bournemouth University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Financial contribution- funding project Academic advice from Co-I team to Caridad Ballesteros
Collaborator Contribution Beaches can be considered a multidimensional system where natural, cultural and socio-economic values interact. In Mozambique, where the presence of natural coastal processes, such as tropical cyclones, coastal dynamics and recently identified sea level rise, coupled with fast-paced coastal development and increasing anthropogenic pressures has led to coastal erosion being a dominant phenomenon at beaches (Palalane et al. 2015). In order to manage this multidimensional space, the availability of data is necessary to understand the physical dynamics and social use of beaches. This is often an expensive and lengthy process, as long-term data is required to fully understand coastal changes. As an answer to this problem, CoastSnap Mozambique is a citizen science project which encourages tourists and the local population to use their smartphone to take pictures of the beach and to share these via social media or email. The images captured will enable the project team to build an accurate picture of the shoreline to analyse erosion, recovery cycles, storm impacts and beach uses. This idea was first developed in Australia, and has since been implemented in other locations around the world. CoastSnap Mozambique will be the first application in Africa, and will focus on three different locations with coastal erosion problems: Ponta do Ouro (Maputo province), Tofo beach (Inhambane province) and Mozambique Island (Nampula province). These sites have differing characteristics, with importance for tourism, ecosystems and cultural heritage. The project will produce cost-effective data for the long-term in a country with scarce data, through participation from a wide range of individuals and organisations. This will raise awareness of beach dynamics, natural assets and cultural heritage and will also inform coastal planning and management activities. The results will be presented through different means; online, in schools, for local officials and coastal managers, local media and NGOs etc.
Impact Multidisciplinary: Jaime Palalane - Eduardo Mondlane University - Civil Engineering Pedrito Carlos Chiposse Cambrao - Lurio University - Social Humanities
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project, East Pemba Maritime Heritage Project, Mark Horton, Royal Agricultural University 
Organisation Royal Agricultural University (RAU)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Financial contribution, funding of the project Academic advice from the Co-I team to Mark Horton
Collaborator Contribution The towns of north-east Pemba island (Zanzibar, Tanzania), are a remarkable survival of a maritime cultural heritage, that has its origins in the 8th century CE, and which continues, largely unknown and unstudied, into the 21st century. Located on very dry coralline limestone, the coast is a network of shallow channels, lagoons and mangrove swamps, with a reef fringing the Indian Ocean. In this area developed twelve traditional towns (miji), with significant populations, that came to rely on the maritime environment for their survival, rather than long distance monsoon-based trade. Until recently, these traditional towns (of which seven now survive) had restricted access to fresh water or farmland and relied on the sea for their sustenance. Recent changes in the demographics, and the availability of piped water have resulted in rapid societal changes. The project will examine the maritime cultural heritage through baseline studies of fishing and shell-collection, through maritime related crafts (boat-building, sail-making, rope making, basketry), and the collection of archaeological survey data to demonstrate long term continuities. The project aims to highlight the unique survival of maritime cultural heritage, and to help to provide solutions for its long term sustainable future within a stable society within the context of rapid development.
Impact Multidisciplinary: Laura Basell - Queens University Belfast - Archaeology and Palaeoecology Abdallah Khamis All - Zanaibar Government - Antiquities and Tourism Abdallah R Mkumbukwa - State University of Zanzibar - National and Social Sciences
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project, Making Maritime Museums Matter in Mozambique, Rosalie Hans, University of Nottingham 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Financial contribution Academic advice from the Co-I team to Rosalie Hans
Collaborator Contribution This project aims to clarify the role and relevance of the two maritime museums in Mozambique for their respective local communities. More widely, it will attempt to identify, in collaboration with surrounding communities, what potential social, economic and cultural benefits the maritime museums can provide. Furthermore, the intention is to identify stakeholders and partners for a longer-term collaborative project looking at community engagement with museums and maritime heritage. Case studies are the two maritime museums in Mozambique; the Museum of Fisheries in Maputo, inaugurated in 2014, and the Naval Museum in Mozambique Island which opened in 1975 and is part of the island's World Heritage Site. Both museums have been constructed or restored with international development aid funding, and they share a mission that includes attracting foreign tourist audiences as well as catering for domestic audiences. As with many other museums across the world that have been funded by international development organisations, there is a need for research on the actual benefits that these maritime institutions offer to their communities. In this pilot study, the goal is to scope the current cultural, economic and social impact the maritime museums have on their communities, and to identify, in consultation with the communities, the possibilities for increasing the museums' relevance. The research will take place over one month, with 14 days spent in each museum location where the researchers will convene community meetings and conduct interviews with stakeholders. They will work with the community members involved on generating new ideas to make the museums work for them. Maritime museums in Mozambique have not been investigated before, and while some research has been done on identity, memory and community in maritime museums (Beneki, Delgado & Filippoupoliti, 2012), there is still room for researching maritime museums (and MCH by extension) in a development context.
Impact Multidisiciplinary: Daniel Inoque - Insituto Superior de Arte e Cultura - Cultural Studies
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project, Marine Cultural Heritage in Norther Mozambique, Wes Forsythe, Ulster 
Organisation Ulster University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Financial contribution Academic advice made by Co-I team to Wes Forsythe
Collaborator Contribution The impacts arising from the project can be considered under the following headings, which are not listed in order of priority: 1. Environment - a key part of the justification for the project are natural- and human-induced threats to the environment. The project will impact environmental awareness and protection by demonstrating the changing nature of the marine zone over millennia and understanding the contemporary environmental processes acting on sites of maritime cultural heritage. These issues will inform the community engagement strand of activities and a co-produced series of guidelines and recommendations will be developed that will argue for greater environmental protection with a view to sustaining livelihoods and maritime traditions; and managing development in a sensitive and responsible way. The case for greater environmental protection will be made available to heritage centres locally and will be delivered to policy-makers nationally. 2. Sustainability - this impact is twofold; in order to develop maritime cultural heritage in a way which will benefit the community and nationally the sites of cultural significance must be made sustainable. The work on contextualising, identifying and documenting these sites will aid assessment of threats to their preservation and therefore future management requirements and objectives. This will be translated into the guidelines and recommendations mentioned above and will form part of the case for greater protection. Secondly, sustainability in terms of community benefits derived from maritime cultural heritage. A successful impact would foster a sense of ownership and pride in maritime cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible. Work with the community will address both aspects, and finding a place for their voices within local heritage centres will contribute to a sense of respect for maritime traditions, stories, knowledge and experience. Building goodwill towards sites and traditions will impact on decisions made with regard to shaping future community and national responses to development proposals that fail to address poor outcomes for cultural assets. 3. Education - this impact will deliver on a number of scales: on a local level community initiatives will provide materials for schools to participate and collect maritime lore, underlining the importance and validity of memory, inter-generational knowledge and cultural traditions to children. Requesting that they participate in an art project will prompt them to reflect on the stories they have heard and interpret these in a vivid and individual way. Community education for older age groups will also be facilitated via workshops on maritime cultural heritage, its significance and their perspectives. These events will be a chance to reflect on the place of tradition and develop more nuanced perspectives on its value and transmission. Equally the outputs planned for the local heritage centres will be a long-term legacy for education. Finally any insights arising from the research which are suitable for publication will be made available to users and practitioners on Mozambique and internationally. 4. Economy - a key function of the workshops in the short term and wider outputs over the longer term will be to foster ideas around economic opportunities. These will be primarily aimed at strengthening community groups, businesses and individuals who are interested in translating maritime cultural heritage sites, artefacts and landscapes/seascapes into economic generators. Mozambique Island and region has a variety of businesses offering accommodation, excursions and services to visitors and tourists; as well as community groups who could use the theme of maritime heritage to develop new experiences and products. The project will develop a framework to share experiences and discuss opportunities, which will have long-term benefits to the locality and provide a further platform for sustainability and resilience.
Impact Multidisciplinary: Ricardo Duarte - Eduardo Mondlane University - Archaeology and antiquities Ana Santos - Roehampton University - Anthropology Ruth Plets - Ulster University - Goegraphy and Life Sciences
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project: Bahari Yetu, Urithi Wetu (University of Exeter) 
Organisation University of Exeter
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £49,874
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project: Community Involvement and Social Investment (Glasgow University) 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £41,621.34
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project: Establishing a framework for Traditional Heritage Knowledge, Ulster 
Organisation Ulster University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Funding, at FeC of £18,251.92 for innovation project
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project: Incorporating Marine Cultural Heritage Protection into Tanzania's National Adaptation Plan (Bangor University) 
Organisation Bangor University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £10,000
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2020
 
Description Innovation Project: Palm, Sand and Fish. British Institute in Eastern Africa 
Organisation British Institute in Eastern Africa
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £26,824.09
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project: Protecting the Past, Preserving the Future, University of Nottingham Human Rights Law Centre 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Funding of innovation project, fEC value of £56,201.68
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project: The Kisima Project, University of Dar es Salaam 
Organisation University of Dar es Salaam
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research funding- fEC £45,089.86
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project: Using fishers' traditional maritime knowledge (C3 Madagascar) 
Organisation Conservation Centree sur la Communaute C3 Madagascar
Country Madagascar 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £50,023.18
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation Project: WITH Coastal Style (National Museums of Scotland) 
Organisation National Museums Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £29,996
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation project, Coaast, Anna Troisi, Bournemouth 
Organisation Bournemouth University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Funding of their research project Academic advice from the Co-I team to the PI
Collaborator Contribution CoaAst is a project which involves a small community (Bamburi Beach) located in the coastal area in Kenya close to Mombasa. The project foresees children from two local schools creating an archive of aural memories which will be accessible to the public. Children, coordinated by their teachers, will be equipped with audio recorders and they will hunt for memories in the village, to the shore, at their homeplaces. The final outcome of this project is an interactive work which will enable users to have access to the archive in a playful way. The archive will be visualised as a map and accessible both online on a web platform but also exhibited in the Fort Jesus National Museum of Kenya in Mombasa in the form of an interactive installation which will be artistic and informative at the same time. We believe that involving the children and the community to create an archive of memories will help the policymakers to better understand how the community perceives landscape, cultural, environmental and economic changes in the area and how those changes affect their everyday life. We believe that the process itself can help the community to better engage with matters which are important for them. The idea of connecting generations towards a process of self-understanding and understanding of the coastal Marine Cultural Heritage (MCH) will stimulate social cohesion around themes like economic growth and conservation.
Impact Paulus Callus - Bournemouth - Media and Communication Gauti Sigthorsson - Roehampton - Media, Culture and Language Mwadime Wazwa - National Museum of Kenya - Heritage
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation project, Embracing Social learning in Chonguene District 
Organisation Pedagogical University
Country Mozambique 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Financial contribution Academic advice from Co-Is to Zacarias Ombe
Collaborator Contribution Cultural ecosystem services which encompasses the aesthetic, cultural and spiritual services from coastal and marine environments is significant to economic development and poverty reduction in Mozambique. However, the benefits derived from these services are been eroded by development in various sectors such as agriculture, fishing, tourism and gas and oil sectors which also rely on ecosystem health to thrive. Lack of readily available data and information about their values has been identified as a major reason why they are degraded, most especially in developing countries. This project aims to transform ecosystem service management policy and practice approaches through innovative application of social learning theory to advance understanding of the role of local knowledge systems in ecosystem service management. This information is essential to enhance ecosystem conservation and its sustainable use which are considered to be crucial in the maintenance of the levels of the economic growth of the country. The project will adopt an innovative approach that combines social learning activities and interviews to generate data. The project outcomes will be prepared in two major outputs. First is to integrate into curriculum at primary and secondary level to enhance understanding of cultural services at the younger generation thereby ensuring that long-term knowledge is maintained. Secondly, is to create a cultural ecosystem services centre the will be a hub for useful information on and disseminate knowledge of ecosystems services and the local cultural heritage of Mozambique.
Impact Multidisciplinary: Olalekan Adekola - York St Johns - Geography Alana Sengulane - Universidade Pedagogica - Geography Kate Crinion - Ulster University - Architecture and Built Environment
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation project, Mida Creek - Caesar Bita 
Organisation National Museums of Kenya
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Financial contribution for running of the project Academic advice from central Co-I team to Caesar Bita
Collaborator Contribution How can residents of Mida Creek benefit from the rich marine cultural heritage that surrounds them but that they do not 'see'? This project picks up this challenge by bringing together marine archaeologists, women's groups, traditional boat builders, and digital creatives to engage with a range of stakeholders whose livelihoods converge on making use of the resources in Mida Creek, Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Gede National Park, and Watamu National Marine Park. The focus on Marine and Underwater Cultural Heritage (MUCH) as a co-designed forum tackles some of the most pressing development challenges at Mida Creek: gender inequality, deforestation, rising sea levels, depleted fisheries, and unsustainable tourism. Flagship activities include building a dhow-house to run workshops on traditional boat and canoe building, teaching important skills and values to targeted youth about the region's rich marine cultural heritage. Working with a local women's group, the project will train women in relating MUCH to their already existing alternative and additional livelihood (AALs) strategies based on ecotourism. The project will educate school children on organised trips to Mida Creek by developing a curriculum about what MUCH can tell us about the natural and anthropogenic drivers of ocean and climate change, as well as welcome visitors from all over the world to Mida Creek's 'living history' maritime cultural heritage trail. A community-maintained digital platform that tells the story of the sea and forest in Mida Creek through a MUCH perspective willl sustain 'deep context' learning and generate understandings and awareness of the people's maritime history and landscape in ways not currently realised. Maritime archaeologists will work alongside community members and other scientific researchers to carry out surveys, both within the creek's intertidal channels and Arabuko-Sokoke forest that will more completely tell the history of Mida Creek's mangrove forestry, its relation to transoceanic trade and the rise and fall of nearby Gede in the seventeeth century.
Impact Multidisciplinary: Wes Forstyhe - Ulster - Maritime Archaeology Mark Lamont - British Institute in East Africa Simone Grassi - Documentary Institute of Eastern Africa Penti Turunen - Documentary Institute of Eastern Africa
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation project, Reharbouring Heritage, Jonathan Skinner, University of Roehampton 
Organisation Roehampton University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Financial contribution to the project Academic advice given by Co-I team to Jonathan Skinner
Collaborator Contribution This project examines, tests and innovates - effectively reharbours - living marine cultural heritage in southern Madagascar through the expressive participatory arts: specifically puppetry, dance, visual arts and ethnodrama, and traditional design and modern craftwork. The approach will involve UK artists working alongside artists in Madagascar to realise living marine cultural heritage related festival projects in the regional centre Tolarno and in and around Sainte Luce (Madagascar) and neighbouring Antanosy fishing communities. UK and Malagasy artists will develop networks of relations, and new modes and methods of practice in this participatory arts knowledge exchange. They will complement existing sustainable development projects and local festivals, and engage with important local issues, namely: poverty, cultural heritage, marine resource management, and social, gender and educational inequality. These will be addressed through the community, using the expressive arts to develop local marine cultural heritage as a resource for personal and community resilience. Best practice sustainable lobster fisheries management measures will be disseminated regionally through the medium of puppetry and the creation of a community comic book. The project will also have a unique 'festival of the sea' contribution to the local Feria Oramena seafood festival in June, using dance, ethnodrama and the digital and craft arts to raise awareness of fishing community issues and show how a living marine cultural heritage contributes to tourism-related social enterprise in the region. Dissemination of the project work and results will be through social media, exhibition, performance, and public talks and two articles in academic journals.
Impact Multidisciplinary: Lisa Bass - SEED Madagascar, environmental education development
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation project, Reviving a Maritime Past, Roberto Mussibora, Eduardo Mondlane University 
Organisation Eduardo Mondlane University
Country Mozambique 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Financial contribution to running costs of the project Academic advice from the Co-I team to Roberto Mussibora
Collaborator Contribution When managed and made visible, architectural heritage can act as a source of economic development through cultural tourism. In Mozambique, the importance of architectural heritage and its management is expressed in national legislation. However, there is still a need to implement preservation measures and to develop the sustainable use of such heritage by increasing the awareness of it nationally and internationally. The project seeks to achieve this in Chinde by documenting the architectural heritage that exists, creating an inventory of heritage sites, and disseminating this for the purposes of stimulating preservation and sustainable local economic development. In this pilot phase we propose an initial phase of data collection to document architectural heritage sites in Chinde to develop an initial inventory. The project will train local actors in photography and documentation techniques so that they may document heritage sites and contribute to the ongoing development of the inventory. The project will use this inventory to draw attention to Chinde's rich MCH. The inventory will also map key sites that are under threat from coastal erosion. In doing so, and given Chinde's ecologically important mangrove forests and the need for their preservation, the project will make connections between architectural and ecological heritage as part of an integrated and holistic understanding of MCH. Our use of the terms architectural and ecological heritage is in recognition that the preservation and sustainable use of the built and natural environment in maritime contexts is mutually beneficial and can contribute to local sustainable development. Following this initial phase, we will apply for funding for a second phase to further conceptualize MCH and use the inventory to develop an Integrated Management Plan of Chinde's MCH in collaboration with local stakeholders.
Impact Multidisciplinary: Joaquim Campira - Eduardo Mondlane University - Biological Sciences Manuel Chgarisso - Government District of Chinde Francis Masse - University of Sheffield - Politics
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation project: Futures through underwater pasts (Stella Maris Mwtwara) 
Organisation St. Augustine University of Tanzania
Department Stella Maris Mtwara University College
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £5,000
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2020
 
Description Innovation project: Hidden histories (University of Sussex) 
Organisation University of Sussex
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £49,984
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2019
 
Description Innovation project: Mtwapa Project (National Museums of Kenya) 
Organisation National Museums of Kenya
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £9,992
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2020
 
Description Innovation project: Musicalizing Marine Cultural Heritage in Tanzania (University of Dar es Salaam) 
Organisation University of Dar es Salaam
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £9,318
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2020
 
Description Innovation project: Protecting Marine Cultural Heritage through Bio Cultural Community Protocol in Kilifi County (National Museums of Kenya) 
Organisation National Museum of Kenya
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research funding, fEC £8,998.88
Collaborator Contribution Running of innovation project, regular reports, findings reported back to Nottingham as funder.
Impact Project not yet finished, awaiting outputs
Start Year 2020
 
Description MOU with University of Dar es Salaam 
Organisation University of Dar es Salaam
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Department of Archaeology at York signed an MOU with the Department of Archaeology at University of Dar es Salaam, covering collaboration on research projects on marine cultural heritage.
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input.
Impact Mutual support for research and grant applications
Start Year 2018
 
Description Secrets exposed by coastal change: Promoting the role of marine and coastal heritage in climate change adaptation strategies 
Organisation Bournemouth University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have brought together researchers with common interest on promoting and preserving marine and coastal heritage with the initial aim of convening a special session at the Joint ECSA 58 - EMECS 13 conference (to be held in Hull in September 2020).
Collaborator Contribution The colleague from Delft University accepted to lead the submission of a proposal for the conference special session and the colleague from Nottingham accepted to collaborate. The in-kind contribution from the universities consists of staff time for writing the proposal, coordinating the special session and attending the conference.
Impact Special Session to be co-convened at Joint ECSA 58 - EMECS 13 conference (in Hull in September 2020). This is a multisciplinary collaboration, involving maritime archaeology, cultural heritage, coastal change, impacts of climate change and extreme events and climate adaptation planning.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Secrets exposed by coastal change: Promoting the role of marine and coastal heritage in climate change adaptation strategies 
Organisation Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have brought together researchers with common interest on promoting and preserving marine and coastal heritage with the initial aim of convening a special session at the Joint ECSA 58 - EMECS 13 conference (to be held in Hull in September 2020).
Collaborator Contribution The colleague from Delft University accepted to lead the submission of a proposal for the conference special session and the colleague from Nottingham accepted to collaborate. The in-kind contribution from the universities consists of staff time for writing the proposal, coordinating the special session and attending the conference.
Impact Special Session to be co-convened at Joint ECSA 58 - EMECS 13 conference (in Hull in September 2020). This is a multisciplinary collaboration, involving maritime archaeology, cultural heritage, coastal change, impacts of climate change and extreme events and climate adaptation planning.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Secrets exposed by coastal change: Promoting the role of marine and coastal heritage in climate change adaptation strategies 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have brought together researchers with common interest on promoting and preserving marine and coastal heritage with the initial aim of convening a special session at the Joint ECSA 58 - EMECS 13 conference (to be held in Hull in September 2020).
Collaborator Contribution The colleague from Delft University accepted to lead the submission of a proposal for the conference special session and the colleague from Nottingham accepted to collaborate. The in-kind contribution from the universities consists of staff time for writing the proposal, coordinating the special session and attending the conference.
Impact Special Session to be co-convened at Joint ECSA 58 - EMECS 13 conference (in Hull in September 2020). This is a multisciplinary collaboration, involving maritime archaeology, cultural heritage, coastal change, impacts of climate change and extreme events and climate adaptation planning.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Sister Communities of Coastal Women: Sustainable livelihoods rooted on cultural and natural heritage 
Organisation Eduardo Mondlane University
Country Mozambique 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The partnership was formed as a result of meetings of the Rising from the Depths network. I have met the partners in separate and have brought them together to identify common interests focused on research and activities in support of women groups in coastal communities in Kenya and Mozambique. I have coordinated the development of a collaborative proposal and we have now secured funding from the Bournemouth University GCRF and work will initiate in March 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The National Museums of Kenya are involved in a project funded by the Rising from the Depths network focusing on alternative livelihoods for coastal women in Mida Creek, Kenya. They will share their experiences with a women group from the coastal community of Tofo in Mozambique.
Impact Funding for the project Sister Communities of Coastal Women (reported under Further Funding). This is a multidisciplinary project involving the disciplines of tourism, media and geography. We will assess the sustainability of the alternative livelihoods that are currently supporting local women groups in Mida Creek (Kenya) and Tofo (Mozambique) both on the aspects of tourism activities (through a tourism potential audit) and environmental sustainability (positive and negative impacts on the natural environmental at present and resilience to climate change impacts and extreme events). The aspects of media will focus on storytelling and dissemination.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Sister Communities of Coastal Women: Sustainable livelihoods rooted on cultural and natural heritage 
Organisation Marine Megafauna Foundation
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The partnership was formed as a result of meetings of the Rising from the Depths network. I have met the partners in separate and have brought them together to identify common interests focused on research and activities in support of women groups in coastal communities in Kenya and Mozambique. I have coordinated the development of a collaborative proposal and we have now secured funding from the Bournemouth University GCRF and work will initiate in March 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The National Museums of Kenya are involved in a project funded by the Rising from the Depths network focusing on alternative livelihoods for coastal women in Mida Creek, Kenya. They will share their experiences with a women group from the coastal community of Tofo in Mozambique.
Impact Funding for the project Sister Communities of Coastal Women (reported under Further Funding). This is a multidisciplinary project involving the disciplines of tourism, media and geography. We will assess the sustainability of the alternative livelihoods that are currently supporting local women groups in Mida Creek (Kenya) and Tofo (Mozambique) both on the aspects of tourism activities (through a tourism potential audit) and environmental sustainability (positive and negative impacts on the natural environmental at present and resilience to climate change impacts and extreme events). The aspects of media will focus on storytelling and dissemination.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Sister Communities of Coastal Women: Sustainable livelihoods rooted on cultural and natural heritage 
Organisation National Museums of Kenya
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The partnership was formed as a result of meetings of the Rising from the Depths network. I have met the partners in separate and have brought them together to identify common interests focused on research and activities in support of women groups in coastal communities in Kenya and Mozambique. I have coordinated the development of a collaborative proposal and we have now secured funding from the Bournemouth University GCRF and work will initiate in March 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The National Museums of Kenya are involved in a project funded by the Rising from the Depths network focusing on alternative livelihoods for coastal women in Mida Creek, Kenya. They will share their experiences with a women group from the coastal community of Tofo in Mozambique.
Impact Funding for the project Sister Communities of Coastal Women (reported under Further Funding). This is a multidisciplinary project involving the disciplines of tourism, media and geography. We will assess the sustainability of the alternative livelihoods that are currently supporting local women groups in Mida Creek (Kenya) and Tofo (Mozambique) both on the aspects of tourism activities (through a tourism potential audit) and environmental sustainability (positive and negative impacts on the natural environmental at present and resilience to climate change impacts and extreme events). The aspects of media will focus on storytelling and dissemination.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Meeting with womens co-operative Mida Creek (Watamu Marine National Park) Wednesday 21 August 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Open day event with Mida Creek (Watamu Marine National Park)/ Led by Mr. Ceaser Bita -NMK Head of coastal Archaeology mcbita@yahoo.com; Madam Arafa Salim Baya, the leader of Mida Creek (BNK) women's collective; Jon Henderson (RftD PI); Anna La Chimia (RftD CoI)

The woman's co-operative in Mida Creek showcased a range of initiatives they have been working on, all of which will be informed by Caesar's archaeological survey work in the creek including organic farming (vegetables and cassava), beekeeping, butterfly farming and the construction of a restaurant.

Current needs: Nature Kenya provided 20 beehives in 2010 but they only gave them the hives and they are not getting a good harvest. Beehives are not in good order and they need equipment for harvesting the honey. Organic farming consumes a lot of water but they are limited in how much water they can carry which is restricting the size of the area that can be effectively grown. A water tap would allow them to support a much larger area and would be vital once the restaurant is functioning.

The womens group are committed to the conservation of the mangroves. Area that was planted (50K seedlings) last year was destroyed in November due to strong tides - the whole nursery was washed away (only a few seedlings could be saved). The number of surviving plants is not doing well each year due to rising sea level - barnacles infest the young plants and kill them. There has been a complete change of weather pattern this year and the area has been too dry for mangroves. (KEFRO mangrove planting - good monitoring and evolution of good mangrove practice).

Restaurant - current budget for timber does not work as the Kenyan government has put a moratorium on harvesting trees in ALL forests and plantations (ban also covers trees on private land). Now looking to import eucalyptus timber. There is currently no restaurant (the foundation piles have been put in place), no interpretation centre, no toilet (except for a dry one) and the boardwalk/causeway is in a poor state of repair. Original plan was the restaurant would be ready by October/November.

Other than donating 50 shillings to the group - the women keep the profits they make. The group are currently growing c.10 caterpillars to pupae each week to sell, bringing in an additional weekly income of c.8000 Kenyan dollars (80 USD).

Scale of the dhow house or vessel not clear. Boat building house (training) meeting area - what will replace this if it is not built. Bita says there are insufficient funds to build a dhow as proposed. Alternative option is to build a canoe. Discussed that changes can be made as the project progresses but these changes must be explained and reported. Also discussed the necessity to ensure all benefits are recorded to chart the impact of the project as a whole.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Training local community in identification of AAL in Mida - MUCH to Discover in Mida Creek 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Training local community in identification of AAL in Mida - Bidii na Kazi Women Group (37), the training in AAL has produced real results for household finances with the community group successfully putting training into practise to sell coastal produce in local markets.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Blog - COASTSNAP MOZAMBIQUE PROJECT IS LAUNCHED! A CITIZEN-SCIENCE COASTAL MONITORING INITIATIVE (PART1) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Disseminating activities of the CoastSnap project to the Rising from the Depths network and wider audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/blog/innovation-projects/coastsnap-1/
 
Description Blog - COASTSNAP MOZAMBIQUE PROJECT IS LAUNCHED! A CITIZEN-SCIENCE COASTAL MONITORING INITIATIVE (PART2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Disseminating activities of the CoastSnap project to the Rising from the Depths network and wider audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/blog/innovation-projects/coastsnap-2/
 
Description Blog - COASTSNAP MOZAMBIQUE PROJECT IS LAUNCHED! A CITIZEN-SCIENCE COASTAL MONITORING INITIATIVE (PART3) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Disseminating activities of the CoastSnap project to the Rising from the Depths network and wider audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/blog/innovation-projects/coastsnap-3/
 
Description Blog - CoastSnap workshop in Toulouse 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Disseminating activities of the project to the Rising from the Depths network and wider audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/pdra/coastsnap-user-meeting-and-workshop-in-toulouse-france/
 
Description CoastSnap Mozambique Facebook Page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The facebook page is one of the ways available for the public to submit their photos, which are data input to CoastSnap. The page has 114 followers and have had 281 post reach this week (115 video views).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/CoastSnapMOZ/
 
Description CoastSnap Users Meeting in Toulouse 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Cari Ballesteros presented progress of the CoastSnap Mozambique project at the 1st CoastSnap user meeting held (on 18 June 2019) during the Coastal Imaging Research Network Boot Camp and Workshop in Toulouse. He exchanged experiences with other CoastSnap researchers and learned analysis techniques.
The presentation sparked discussions concerning the challenges for the public engagement with citizen science projects like CoastSnap in developing countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.evensi.fr/cirn-meeting-2019-observatoire-midi-pyree-omp-legos/298099559
 
Description CoastSnap Workshop in Inhambane 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Dr Esteves took part of the workshop organised by PDRA Cari Ballesteros and local partners from Eduardo Mondlane University. The workshop was held at the Escola Superior de Hotelaria and Turismo (part of the Eduardo Mondlane University at Inhambane) and was attended by members of the local community, business owners, government officials, teachers and local media. The CoastSnap project was explained and attendees discussed ideas of promoting local engagement with the project. There has been an increased engagement with some of the organisations taking part in this event, including as partners of a recent awarded project (added under 'Further Funding').
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description CoastSnap Workshop in Ponta Do Ouro 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Esteves took part of the workshop organised by PDRA Cari Ballesteros and local partners from Eduardo Mondlane University. The workshop was held in the hotel Kaya-Kweru and was attended by members of the local community, business owners, government officials, teachers and local media. The CoastSnap project was explained and attendees discussed ideas of promoting local engagement with the project. Unfortunately, very little engagement resulted from the group of attendees or the wider community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Community workshop Mozambique 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Formal community meeting on the Ilha de La Mozambique discussing the role of heritage and economic development on the island.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Community workshop on Contested Heritage, Mozambique 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This targeted workshop was aimed at overcoming some initial problems around communication and participation in MCH RftD projects in Mozambique. The workshop was focussed on examining practice ethics, roles and the broader aim of the network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Dissemination at the Newton Funds workshop in South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact While delivering a Newton Funds workshop in South Africa to +40 researchers, government and third sector practitioners from the UK and South Africa, I have disseminated the Rising from the Depths to participants. A few of the UK-based researchers have led or collaborated in proposals submitted to the RftD strand 2 call.
Dr Olalekan Adekola (School of Humanities, Religion & Philosophy, York St John University) and Dr Kate Crinion (School of Architecture and the Built Environment, Ulster University) were involved in two proposals, in which they were collaborating with colleagues from Universidade Pedagogica and Eduardo Mondlane (Mozambique).
Dr Adriana Ford (Greenwich Maritime Centre, University of Greenwich) has submitted an application with Co-Is from School of Natural and Social sciences, State University of Zanzibar, and Aga Khan Foundation Research. I have collaborated with Dr Ford in a conference presentation: Ford, A.; Acott, T.; Esteves, L.S. 2018. Bridging the epistemological divide for the management of our seas and coasts. Society & Sea (6-7 Sep 2018, Greenwich).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Eduardo Mondalne University Mozambique RftD regional kick-off meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Eduardo Mondalne University in Maputo and was attended by over 100 academics, students and representatives from NGOs and UNESCO. Aim to consult a wide range of academic and stakeholder groups to ensure the co-creation of a Marine Cultural Heritage research framework that addresses real community needs. Co-creation of the research agenda and funding calls for RftD.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/meetings/
 
Description Embracing Social Learning - Meeting with The Save University to create a group of researchers on Ecosystem Services 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Meeting with 10 Students of The Save University to create a group of researchers on Ecosystem Services
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Embracing Social Learning Focus Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Focus Group meeting in Maciene community for data gathering 30 person participated we obtained a valuable information on Ecosystem Services in Chonguene. This is a big step in the social learning about management of the resources who is doing what where and which are the solutions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description FIELD SURVEY TO UNDERSTAND CHANGES IN MANGROVE USE AND THE IMPLICATION TO LOCAL COMMUNITY IN LAMU KENYA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blog was written by PGR Amina Hamza to disseminate the work she was doing to understand community perceptions of mangrove uses through household surveys in Lamu County, Kenya.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/phd/aminablog1/
 
Description Gede, Kilifi Thursday 22 August 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Panel discussion in Gede, Kilifi with Mr. Mbarak A. Abdulqadir- Curator Gede National Monument- abuamar02@hotmail.com; Mr. Jimbi Katana- Monuments Conservator- Gede National Monument jimbikatana@yahoo.com; also two education officers present

Discussed opportunities in terms of dissemination and work at the Gede UNESCO World Heritage centre. Potential project idea suggested based around allocation of land title deeds at Kilepwa Island and its effect on heritage preservation. Boundary of gazetted site at Kilepwa Island is not clear hence the curator is to assist the surveyors in demarcating the heritage site boundary. There is urgent need to sensitize community members on importance of heritage and the need not to dispose ancestral land after they are issued with land title deeds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Heritage and Community Development Workshop, NUIG 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A focused workshop examining the role of heritage and sustainability in African Development Agendas
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Heritage and community workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A workshop hosted at the University of Dar es Salaam engaged colleagues working at NGOs, practitioners from across the eastern African region, and students in a conversation about best practice in community heritage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ilha de Moçambique community consultation 18th Feb 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Community consultation with members of the which was attended members of the Ilha de Mozamabique island community including artists, heritage practitioners, fishermen, youth groups, local business owners and academics from the Faculty of Social Sciences, Lurio University and Prof Ricardo Duarte from Eduardo Mondlane University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Innovation Project Blog- Hidden Histories 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog set up by one of the Network's Innovation Projects to share findings and thoughts on the research as it progresses
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://hiddenhistoriestanzania.wordpress.com/2019/10/08/example-post/
 
Description Invited Keynote paper presented at the Heritage of the Western Indian Ocean workshop, Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, University of East Anglia, 10-11 May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paul Lane gave an invited keynote paper entitled 'Island heritage, maritime historical ecology and biocultural practices in the Western Indian Ocean: integrated approaches for sustainable development' at the Heritage of the Western Indian Ocean workshop, Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, University of East Anglia, 10-11 May 2018. This highlighted the significance and value of maritime heritage in coastal and island eastern Africa, the major challenges facing the documentation and protection of these tangible and intangible resources and their potential use in strategies for achieving sustainable development in the region. Emphasis was placed on defining the concept of biocultural maritime heritage and the need for post-disciplinary research strategies that cross conventional nature:culture boundaries.

https://crossroadsofempires.wordpress.com/2018/05/11/norwich-11-may/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.sru.uea.ac.uk/research/conferences/archive/indian-ocean
 
Description Johnathan Skinner Scoping Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog on Rising from the Depths Website outlining the activities of Innovation Project, viewed 88 times over 12 countries
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/blog/innovation-projects/scoping-maritime-cultural-heritage-a-visit-...
 
Description MCH in Northern Mozambique - Stakeholder meeting at CAIRIM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stakeholder meeting at CAIRIM to explain project objectives and ensure agreement. Attended by CAIRIM personnel and community volunteers (10)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description MCH in Northern Mozambique - UNESCO training event in Maritime Archaeology 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact UNESCO training event in Maritime Archaeology - training delivered in geophysical survey. Attended by practitioners from Mozambique and adjacent countries; as well as UNESCO personnel and host institution (CAIRIM). (20 attendees)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description MCH in Northern Mozambique Geophysical Survey 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Geophysical Survey, Ilha de Mozambique inshore waters, over 100km of seismic data collected and c.25 hectares of multi-beam imagery taken. Attended by UNESCO delegates, maritime authorities and community volunteers (12)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description MUCH to Discover in Mida Creek School Outreach Programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact School Outreach Programme, Training teachers for school outreach programme and visits to schools - Primary and Secondary school teachers, officials of Ministry of Education, Tourism, Kenya Forest Service and Kenya Wildlife Service (78 Teachers, 104 students)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Maritime Cultural Heritage and Development workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A presentation examining the role of Maritime Cultural heritage and Development in East Africa
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Mark Horton Scoping Blogs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post by Mark Horton, reached 32 people over seven countries
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/blog/innovation-projects/east-pemba-part-1/
 
Description Meeting at UNESCO Regional Office for Eastern Africa, UNON 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 11 am meeting at UNESCO Regional Office for Eastern Africa, UNON with Karalyn Monteil, Regional Advisor for Culture k.monteil@unesco.org and Judith Ogana, National Programmes Officer - Culture, jw.ogana@unesco.org

Discussed progress of RftD and some of the criticisms aimed at the project from participants at the Malindi UCH meeting. Discussed problems of EIA statement experts as well as NGO lack of awareness of heritage issues. It appears the Bagamoyo Port development project has been cancelled https://www.constructionkenya.com/3128/bagamoyo-port-construction/

Discussed the Report on the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) Swahili coast initiative
https://whc.unesco.org/en/activities/843/ and the application of the HUL approach in the Island of Mozambique, Lamu in Kenya, and Stone Town, Zanzibar, in Tanzania. With capacity building and research as main components of this project, cooperation was established with international and local universities and educational institutes on the Swahili Coast in the implementation of identified follow-up activities (many of which have not been followed up on).

We discussed hosting a joint workshop on Heritage and NGOs next year. Basic plan agreed and Judith Ogana looking to her section head for support.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting at the Swahili Centre in Mombasa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 2pm meeting at the Swahili Centre in Mombasa with Peter Dennis Okwaro, Interim Director-Centre for Heritage Development in Africa (CHDA) okwarodp@gmail.com; Patrick Abungu- Researcher / Curator Shimoni heritage site- NMK patrick.ouma2007@gmail.com; Khalid Kitito- Director NMK- Heritage Training Institute (HTI), khalidkitito@gmail.com; Saadu Hashim - NMK-HTI- Deputy director.
saaduhashim@yahoo.com.

There is need to empower local community members in sustainable heritage conservation in East Africa.

There is need to increase community engagement and interest in heritage through adoption of community centred approaches in conservation by creating innovative and reliable resources for community members.

Successful examples were cited, like the case of Shimoni heritage site where communities are able to manage heritage sites and funds collected are channelled to assist community members by stocking up local dispensary with medicine and payment of school fees for bright students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Dr. Purity Kiura, Director Antiquities, Sites and Monuments at the National Museums of Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 2pm Meeting with Dr. Purity Kiura, Director Antiquities, Sites and Monuments at the National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi pkiura@museums.or.ke

Discussed NMK becoming an official partner of the RftD network and permissions needed to achieve this. NMK will be a likely venue in Nairobi for an RftD dissemination event in the final year of the project in 2021.

NMK is interested in community engagement with heritage. NMK view community involvement in the safeguarding of sites as key to future activities particularly in terms of continued development and construction encroaching on gazetted sites.

In particular NMK is seeking for funds to support the Swahili Pot Heritage Hub (SPHH) proposal which aims at inspiring and building capacity for youths and local community members to safeguard (and manage) heritage in Mombasa county.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Nairobi Law School RftD Workshop Thursday 18th of August 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact After a welcome meeting with the Dean of the Nairobi Law School, Professor Kiarie Mwaura and with Dr Kenneth Wyne Mutuma, we presented an overview of the RftD ionititave to the school staff, researchers and postgraduates (there were 54 participants including Prof Winifred Kamau and Prof Ben Sihanya). We each gave four presentations (with longer time spent on the legal issues investigated by the network) and opened the floor for discussion after each presentation. Members of staff commented on the presentations and told us about their research interests. Students from Nairobi also had the chance to tell us about their research projects.
The meeting offered the first opportunity to present the network, its objectives, aims and activities to an audience of lawyers. The meeting proved incredibly useful, both staff and students at Nairobi were very engaging, they shared many of our concerns on the legal issues raised by unscrupulous development projects and are themselves carrying out some fascinating research on similar issues. So they welcomed the opportunity for collaboration. For example they have some PhD students conducting research on social participation, they are involved in a project on strategic litigation with Oxfam (conference to be held in Nairobi in October -this is an important legal point for us, because Cultural Heritage could (and is) used as strategic litigation. Interestingly they have also just carried out a capacity building programme with the South Africa coast guard to train them on illegal fishing (the project was funded by the Norwegian government). There is therefore ground for further collaboration and they seemed very interested in working with us. One of the PhD students working in the Oil and extraction sector has developed an Innovation Project proposal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description National Museums of Kenya talk Friday 16 August 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at National Museums of Kenya by Jon Henderson (RftD PI). Talk followed by meeting with Dr. Purity Kiura, Director Antiquities, Sites and Monuments at the National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi pkiura@museums.or.ke Discussed NMK becoming an official partner of the RftD network and permissions needed to achieve this. NMK will be a likely venue in Nairobi for an RftD dissemination event in the final year of the project in 2021. NMK is interested in community engagement with heritage. NMK view community involvement in the safeguarding of sites as key to future activities particularly in terms of continued development and construction encroaching on gazetted sites. In particular NMK is seeking for funds to support the Swahili Pot Heritage Hub (SPHH) proposal which aims at inspiring and building capacity for youths and local community members to safeguard (and manage) heritage in Mombasa county.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Network Meeting, Kenya Regional Kick-off, In Kenya, Mombasa, Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, 23 February 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact In Kenya, the meeting was held in Mombasa at the Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute and was attended by 50 participants from a range of organisations relevant to research and/or management of cultural heritage in Kenya.

Objective
To consult a wide range of academic and stakeholder groups to ensure the co-creation of a Marine Cultural Heritage research framework that addresses real community needs.

Scope
Our consideration of the reach of Marine Cultural Heritage is broad and includes its relationship to economic development, environmental management, social justice, education and identity. Incorporating expertise from a range of disciplines (archaeology, anthropology, coastal engineering, climate science, geography, law, natural sciences, museum and material culture studies). The network will bring together a number of international and African-based research teams to work with local communities, NGOs, third sector partners and marine industry stakeholders to utilise the full potential of MCH and bring widespread and sustainable benefits to the region.
Globally, the potential and importance of MCH has not yet been realised anywhere. Critically, MCH is under threat everywhere, especially in the Western Indian Ocean, from natural forces and climate driven coastal change as well as intensification in coastal and offshore development. We are losing the resource before we have had a chance to harness its potential.
Taking a holistic approach to marine heritage, this project seeks to integrate scholarship on East Africa's coastal built heritage, underwater sites, environments, natural resources, material practices and living traditions into new conversations, resulting in an enhanced understanding of the region's MCH.

The result of the meeting was further interest in the network, contribution to the network's mailing list, and applications to the Innovation Project fund and PhD studentship (match funded) being made by attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2018
URL http://risingfromthedepths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Concept-Note-Kenya-Meeting.pdf
 
Description Oral presentation at Coastal Sediments 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A conference presentation entitled 'Building an Index of Exposure to Coastal Change in Eastern Africa with Applications to Conservation of Cultural Heritage' delivered by Dr LS Esteves on results of the research undertaken within the Rising from the Depths project was delivered at the Coastal Sediments international conference, on 30 May 2019, in St Pete, Florida, USA. Researchers from the UK, Australia and other parts of the world reported that the presentation sparked new ideas for implementation on their own work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://coastalsediments.cas.usf.edu/program.html
 
Description PGR Conference 2019 at Bournemouth University: An analysis of past and present uses of mangroves in Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A talk delivered by research student Amina Hamza on 22nd May 2019 at the Faculty of Science & Technology PGR Conference 2019, Bournemouth University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.evensi.uk/bu-scitech-pgr-conference-2019-fusion-building/307730711
 
Description Paper on RftD presented at the Heritage of the Western Indian Ocean workshop, Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, University of East Anglia, 10-11 May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jon Henderson presented a paper on the Rising from the Depths network at the Heritage of the Western Indian Ocean workshop, Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, University of East Anglia, 10-11 May 2018. This highlighted the scope of the network and the future calls for funding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://crossroadsofempires.wordpress.com/2018/05/11/norwich-11-may/
 
Description PhD Network Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Workshop to allow PhD students who are working in connection with the Rising from the Depths Network, to discuss their PhD topics and explore connections between their topics. 8 PhD students (from Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique), the project team (Co-Is and PDRAs) and a web based professional looked at the proposals, drew links between the students and made plans for dissemination of research and joint research plans. This is part of the network's wider plans to facilitate interdisciplinary research within the next generation of researchers in the region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation at State University of Zanzibar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk on marine cultural heritage to group of students and staff at the university, c. 25 people present. One outcome has been PhD application for a project on marine cultural heritage of Zanzibar, currently being considered for funding by the University of York
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation of conference paper at the 15th Congress of Panafrican Archaeological Association For Prehistory and Related Studies, Rabat, Morocco, 15-17 September 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paul Lane presented a conference paper entitled 'In an octopus' garden: threats and challenges facing East Africa's maritime heritage in the 21st century' in Session All Afr 11. :The Proliferation of Cultural Heritage in Africa: Boom or Bust? organized by Dr John Gibli, at the 15th Congress of Panafrican Archaeological Association For Prehistory and Related Studies, Rabat, Morocco, 15-17 September 2018. The paper highlighted the major challenges facing the documentation and protection of maritime heritage in coastal and island eastern Africa, and summarised the aims and objectives of the RfTD programme and the funding opportunities it provides.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://panaf18.fsoujda.org/en/home/
 
Description Presentation of conference paper at the Society & Sea Conference (6-7 Sept 2018, Greenwich) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 6 September 2018, the RftD was mentioned in a presentation by Adriana Ford (co-authored by Luciana Esteves) as an example of transdisciplinary funding to engage arts, humanities and social sciences on conservation of marine/coastal cultural and natural assets.
The presentation was entitled 'Bridging the epistemological divide from the management of our seas and coasts'.
Session 2D (Conservation and Engagement II) at the international conference Society & Sea: Investinblue - The Values of the Ocean and Coasts for Sustainable Development (held at the University of Greenwich).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.gre.ac.uk/society-and-the-sea
 
Description Presentation of conference paper at the Society & Sea Conference (6-7 Sept 2018, Greenwich) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 6 September 2018, Luciana Esteves presented a paper in Session 1F (Maritime History & Heritage) at the international conference Society & Sea: Investinblue - The Values of the Ocean and Coasts for Sustainable Development (held at the University of Greenwich). The presentation was entitled 'Rising from the Depts (RftD): how much social impact can a project create by promoting coastal and marine cultural heritage?' It summarised the aims and objectives of the RftD network and the funding opportunities it provides and described the research undertaken at Bournemouth University on the development of an index of coastal exposure to coastal change that can be applied to inform conservation of cultural heritage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.gre.ac.uk/society-and-the-sea
 
Description Presentation on RfTD programme at Co-production Networks for Community Heritage in Tanzania CONCH roundtable/workshop Department of Archaeology & Heritage, University of Dar es Salaam, 3 July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paul Lane and Stephanie Wynne-Jones gave a presentation on the network, its aims and objectives and funding opportunities was given at the end of a related workshop held for staff and students at the Department of Archaeology & Heritage Studies, University of Dar es Salaam on 3rd July 2018 organised and hosted by the Co-production Networks for Community Heritage in Tanzania CONCH project. The latter is a AHRC-funded International Networks team that began in July 2018, and ran its first phase of work in Pangani, a coastal town in north-western Tanzania. The presentation emphasised the synergies that might be made between the CONCH project and the RfTD programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.conchproject.org/
 
Description Research Seminar at Bournemouth University: Understanding changes in mangroves and the implication to local communities for improved management in Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A talk delivered by research student Amina Hamza in May 2019 to the seminar series of the Department of Life & Environmental Sciences at Bournemouth University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description RftD at the Society of Africanist Archaeologists biannual meeting 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Colin Breen and Jon Henderson attended the Society of Africanist Archaeologists 24th Biannual meeting: Building Bridges to the African Past in Toronto, Canada, Mon 18 June - Thurs 21 Jun 2018. They presented at the plenary session and through the conference handed out questionnaires on marine cultural heritage and carried out video interviews with participants on marine archaeology in Africa. Also publicised the RftD funding calls.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.safa2018conference.org/
 
Description RftD presentation by Paul Lane at 15th Congress of PanAfrican Archaeological Association for Prehistory and Related Studies (PanAf) 10-14 September, Mohammed V University, Rabat 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paul Lane presented on the RftD initiative at the 15th Congress of PanAfrican Archaeological Association for Prehistory and Related Studies (PanAf)
10-14 September, 2018 Mohammed V University, Rabat, in a session organized by John Giblin on the theme The Proliferation of Cultural Heritage in Africa: Boom or Bust?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://panaf18.fsoujda.org/en/preliminary-program/
 
Description Rising from the Depths Network Meeting Roehampton May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The event was our first UK based Network Meeting. The aim of the event was to set up network contacts, identify potential opportunities, themes and projects. The morning included presentations of the aims and scope of the network's research challenge and the afternoon included discussion of potential project ideas to be submitted to the network's funding call. The team members each delivered a presentation on their area of research that can be accessed from our website. In the afternoon, they facilitated discussion around the theme of marine cultural heritage and possible ideas for project applications. The attendees were from a variety of Universities within the UK, NGOs, undergraduate students and early career researchers. There were over 45 participants. Following the meeting, the Network established a mailing list with over 100 participants (a mixture of attendees to this meeting and of the meetings held in East Africa) and 18 of the participants either: applied for funding through the network, joined the network's advisory board or have maintained a working relationship with the network in some other manner.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://risingfromthedepths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Rising-from-the-Depths-network-meeting-24-...
 
Description Rising from the Depths presentation at the first global meeting on the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development in Copenhagen, Denmark May 12-16th 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PI Henderson was one of only ten archaeologists worldwide invited to the first Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) global meeting on the Roadmap for the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development in Copenhagen, Denmark May 12-16th 2019. At the meeting he presented on the Rising from the Depths network in the official UNESCO underwater cultural heritage side event to make the case for including marine heritage as part of the UN Decade. Through this engagement, in September 2019 he was invited on to the organizing committee of the Ocean Decade Heritage Network (https://www.oceandecadeheritage.org/ )- an official part of the UN's Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021-2030. The Ocean Heritage network is following the blueprint of the RftD initiative. This will ensure that outputs from RftD will feed directly into the UN Decade.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/blog/sdgblog/
 
Description Rising from the Depths website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Main website for the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL http://www.risingfromthedepths.com
 
Description SNAPSHOTS OF RESEARCH IN MAPUTO, MOZAMBIQUE - ROSALIE HANS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post summarising research trip taken by Rosalie Hans as part of one of our innovation projects.

Blog was shared on our website and through the Network's twitter account.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/uncategorised/snapshots-of-research-in-maputo-mozambique-rosalie-han...
 
Description SeaChange Interactive Map Launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 27 attendees, including PhD students from Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique, academics from Mozambique, members of the public from Nottingham, academics and industry professionals in web based technologies.

Discuss of the Rising from the Depths project in general and development of an interactive map to present the findings of the project. Further discussion of digital methods of reporting, including 3D mapping and VR simulations of sites.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Stakeholder Meeting for MUCH to Discover in Mida Creek 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Stakeholder Meeting for MUCH - Bidii na Kazi Women Group, other CBOs residents of Mida, National government departments, County Government of Kilifi (48)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Thursday 18th of August at 2.00 pm at the Nairobi School of Law 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact After a welcome meeting with the Dean of the Nairobi Law School, Professor Kiarie Mwaura and with Dr Kenneth Wyne Mutuma, Dr Jon Henderson and Prof Annamaria La Chimia (RftD) presented an overview of the RftD initiative to the school staff, researchers and postgraduates (there were 54 participants including Prof Winifred Kamau and Prof Ben Sihanya). With Wycliffe Omondi and Joshua Ngulu (RftD postgrads) four presentations were given (with longer time spent on the legal issues investigated by the network) and opened the floor for discussion after each presentation. Members of staff commented on the presentations and told us about their research interests. Students from Nairobi also had the chance to tell us about their research projects.
The meeting offered the first opportunity to present the network, its objectives, aims and activities to an audience of lawyers. The meeting proved incredibly useful, both staff and students at Nairobi were very engaging, they shared many of our concerns on the legal issues raised by unscrupulous development projects and are themselves carrying out some fascinating research on similar issues. So they welcomed the opportunity for collaboration. For example they have some PhD students conducting research on social participation, they are involved in a project on strategic litigation with Oxfam (conference to be held in Nairobi in October -this is an important legal point for us, because Cultural Heritage could (and is) used as strategic litigation. Interestingly they have also just carried out a capacity building programme with the South Africa coast guard to train them on illegal fishing (the project was funded by the Norwegian government). There is therefore ground for further collaboration and they seemed very interested in working with us.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Training local community in cultural heritage management - MUCH to Discover in Mida Creek 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Training local community in cultural heritage management with a focus on MUCH - Bidii na Kazi Women Group, other CBOs residents of Mida (44)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Visit of the maritime community of Maputo to the Museu da Pesca - Making Maritime Museums Matter in Mozambique 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Visit of the maritime community of Maputo to the Museu da Pesca. 18 participants in total, 13 were fishermen, traders and members of the CCP (Community Council of the Fishermen) of Costa do Sol, 5 were from ISArC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Visit to community seaweed-farming projects on Zanzibar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Visit to women's seaweed farming projects on Zanzibar, for discussion about sustainable use of marine resources and conversation about future collaboration. Major outcome is a grant application to internal GCRF funds at University of York, for research studying long term history of women's engagement with the sea - a collaboration with local NGOs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Woman's co-operative day workshop in Mida Creek 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mida Creek (Watamu Marine National Park) Mr. Ceaser Bita -NMK Head of coastal Archaeology mcbita@yahoo.com; Madam Arafa Salim Baya, the leader of Mida Creek (BNK) women's collective.

Met with the woman's co-operative in Mida Creek. They are working on a range of initiatives, all of which will be informed by Caesar's archaeological survey work in the creek including organic farming (vegetables and cassava), beekeeping, butterfly farming and the construction of a restaurant.

Current needs: Nature Kenya provided 20 beehives in 2010 but they only gave them the hives and they are not getting a good harvest. Beehives are not in good order and they need equipment for harvesting the honey. Organic farming consumes a lot of water but they are limited in how much water they can carry which is restricting the size of the area that can be effectively grown. A water tap would allow them to support a much larger area and would be vital once the restaurant is functioning.

The womens group are committed to the conservation of the mangroves. Area that was planted (50K seedlings) last year was destroyed in November due to strong tides - the whole nursery was washed away (only a few seedlings could be saved). The number of surviving plants is not doing well each year due to rising sea level - barnacles infest the young plants and kill them. There has been a complete change of weather pattern this year and the area has been too dry for mangroves. (KEFRO mangrove planting - good monitoring and evolution of good mangrove practice).

Restaurant - current budget for timber does not work as the Kenyan government has put a moratorium on harvesting trees in ALL forests and plantations (ban also covers trees on private land). Now looking to import eucalyptus timber. There is currently no restaurant (the foundation piles have been put in place), no interpretation centre, no toilet (except for a dry one) and the boardwalk/causeway is in a poor state of repair. Original plan was the restaurant would be ready by October/November.

Other than donating 50 shillings to the group - the women keep the profits they make. The group are currently growing c.10 caterpillars to pupae each week to sell, bringing in an additional weekly income of c.8000 Kenyan dollars (80 USD).

Scale of the dhow house or vessel not clear. Boat building house (training) meeting area - what will replace this if it is not built. Bita says there are insufficient funds to build a dhow as proposed. Alternative option is to build a canoe. Discussed that changes can be made as the project progresses but these changes must be explained and reported. Also discussed the necessity to ensure all benefits are recorded to chart the impact of the project as a whole.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop at British Institute in Eastern Africa 27th August 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop meeting at the British Institute in Eastern Africa led by Freda Nkrote, Country Director freda.nkirote@biea.ac.uk and Loice Ongerem, Research Support Officer loice.anyango@biea.ac.uk - RftD attendees PI Henderson and CoI La Chimia

Workshop outlined the lack of effective impact assessment experts with heritage knowledge as being a major factor in the destruction of heritage from development work. EIAs are currently carried out by a group of freelances - NEMA list of experts online. Who choses these experts? Experts are sub-contracted. They reflect particular interests - cultural heritage is often not part of the plan and is not properly represented or appreciated at the EIA stage.

We discussed the idea of a Professional Workshop through RftD to demonstrate the value of considering heritage and professional practice in EIAs - possible CiFA involvement in capacity building workshop with NEMA? What qualifications to EIA experts need?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop at the Swahili Centre in Mombasa Monday 19 August 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop (led by PI Henderson and CoI La Chimia) at the Swahili Centre in Mombasa with Peter Dennis Okwaro, Interim Director-Centre for Heritage Development in Africa (CHDA) okwarodp@gmail.com; Patrick Abungu- Researcher / Curator Shimoni heritage site- NMK patrick.ouma2007@gmail.com; Khalid Kitito- Director NMK- Heritage Training Institute (HTI), khalidkitito@gmail.com; Saadu Hashim - NMK-HTI- Deputy director.
saaduhashim@yahoo.com.

There is need to empower local community members in sustainable heritage conservation in East Africa.There is need to increase community engagement and interest in heritage through adoption of community centred approaches in conservation by creating innovative and reliable resources for community members. Successful examples were cited, like the case of Shimoni heritage site where communities are able to manage heritage sites and funds collected are channelled to assist community members by stocking up local dispensary with medicine and payment of school fees for bright students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop meeting at the University of Strathmore, Nairobi Wednesday 28 August 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop meeting at the University of Strathmore led by RftD CoI La Chimia and Allan Mukuki (School of Law), Laura Muniafu and James Ombacki (SEIC -Strathmore Extractive Industry Centre)

This was an incredibly useful workshop as the SEIC conducts and trains experts for carrying out impact assessment, so understanding more about current practice was useful. Importantly SEIC engage regularly with public officials, and private companies. Their position is one of 'neutrality' and 'research based' findings and assessments. They try to involve all stakeholders, have a rule of engaging with at least 5 different parties so to make sure they maintain a 'neutral' approach. Engagement with local communities is one of their objectives and they recently received a 10 million grant from Danida to conduct research on community participation in the oil, gas and mining sector. They do not engage with cultural heritage expressly (and no one in their group has a background on cultural heritage) ,they do deal with some of the issues that we cover. Hence there is a potential gap there that we could explore and investigate. This can tie in well with the workshop on capacity building for experts that we discussed with the BIEA.

SEIC are interested in becoming partners in RftD and a conversation has started. It would certainly be good to involve/invite them to any joint workshop/activity with the Nairobi law school.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop on Kenyan heritage at Pwani University,Tuesday 20th August 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop meeting led by Henderson (RftD PI) and Ibrahim Busolo at Pwani University, Kilifi (with Wycliffe Omondi, NMK)
Workshop o the issues seen as most pressing in the Kenyan coatsal heritage sector. Main problem is heritage sector and NEMA have no capacity to deal with threats or to effectively engage in developments and the EIA process. Lack of EIA expertise - often written by non-heritage specialists. For developers and the government heritage specialists are seen as small people who stand in the way of development. Good EIA assessment needed for pipelines. Major challenge for government agencies is getting funding released by govt - promised money is not always there. We need to invest in the local community improve awareness to encourage preservation of our own heritage.

Problems of development and WH designation seen at Lamu. After WH listing became an in international point of attraction. Local people selling seafront properties and moving to the interior (sand dunes) risking the main source of water for the town (ecological disaster waiting to happen). People want to benefit from their cultural heritage (should not be fossilised in poverty) but they do not understand how to do so sustainably. Makuti roofs being replaced with aluminium. Manda island mangrove, skyline is part of the designation - plans should not interfere with the skyline

Problems of development along the coast - lack of capacity Caesar Bita is currently the only underwater archaeologists - Olyyeama was also trained but is not so active.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description York Public Lecture - 7 October 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Rising from the Depths Public lecture, hosted at York University. Presentations from Jon Henderson, Caesar Bita and Jonathan Skinner, followed by a q&a.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://risingfromthedepths.com/news/rising-from-the-depths-public-lecture-university-of-york/