Stories Of public health through Local Art-based Community Engagement (SOLACE)

Lead Research Organisation: Keele University
Department Name: Inst for Primary Care and Health Sci

Abstract

The Philippines is a Lower Middle Income Country (LMIC) with a population of 100 million. The country's geography with many isolated rural areas, the poverty levels (25% live below the poverty line) and the weak infrastructure make equitable access to health care for the population a big challenge. Clinicians in the Philippines usually do not want to work as primary care doctors in rural areas. Only 10% of the country's clinicians work in these areas where more than half of the population lives. The shortage of primary care doctors in such regions is one of the most urgent challenges for public health in the Philippines. This is also the case in other LMICs as well as countries in the global north. Likewise in the UK there are many rural areas faced with a shortage of health professionals. Another change in the health landscape is that people around the world are living longer and the disease burden is being increasingly dominated by disability instead of people dying early. The main causes of death and disability have changed from communicable diseases in children to non-communicable diseases in adults (for instance, mental health, musculoskeletal diseases, strokes, diabetes). To address these problems in a cost and clinically effective way, strong evidence-based systems of primary care are essential to identify healthcare needs and to develop and implement strategies for addressing those needs.

It is precisely around those areas the partnership will work: equal distribution of health workers and efficient primary care for people with non-communicable diseases. SOLACE brings together researchers from different disciplines (medicine, arts and humanities) who are keen to work with colleagues who they would not normally work with. The partnership activities will allow these researchers from Keele University (UK) and Ateneo de Manila University (Philippines) to learn new research methods and to use original ways to bring the results to several stake holders: academics, governmental and community organisations and, most importantly, the people living in rural and remote areas.

We will establish two SOLACE health hubs in Northern Samar, a rural province in the Philippines. About 60 participants (patients, doctors, community workers and local politicians) will come together for a Cultural Animation workshop in these hubs. Over a period of 10 months all participants will create artistic, personal health diaries. They will also get together every month for a discussion group and will meet a SOLACE researcher on a regular basis who will carry out fieldwork in the participants' home and work environments. The health diaries (in many formats: texts, songs, drawings, films, pictures), the discussion group and fieldwork data will be analysed by the Keele and Ateneo teams. The Keele team will visit Northern Samar for a fieldwork trip and the Ateneo team will travel to Keele for a research and capacity building week. Also two cultural exchange visits with Keele and Ateneo student pairs from medicine, arts and humanities will take place.

The SOLACE website will host a blog and podcasts, photo reportages, audiovisual documentaries and online educational resources will be regularly uploaded. There will be two public exhibitions, in Keele and Manila, showcasing fieldwork photos and artistic health diaries curated by the participants themselves. We will also hold two SOLACE health festivals in Northern Samar, bringing the results back to the local communities and demonstrating why active patient and public engagement is important in health research.

Our ambition is to lay the foundations for a 'SOLACE tradition' in global public health which can be expanded to other LMICs. Interdisciplinary research carried out in this tradition will be characterised by sustained and genuine engagement with local communities, dissolving knowledge hierarchies, and co-producing innovative public health initiatives and clinical interventions.

Planned Impact

The objective of impacting on potential users of research across a wide range of constituencies is embedded in the SOLACE partnership proposal throughout. We will replicate impact strategies used in the AHRC-funded Cultural Animation studies which received outstanding impact. We will also draw on the Keele tradition in creating strong and sustainable impact through public health and primary care research. Indeed, the Institute for Primary Care and Health Sciences at Keele University has been ranked first in the UK in the 2014 REF with respect to the impact of our research.

PATHWAYS TO ACADEMIC IMPACT
In addition to establishing a hitherto unparalleled interdisciplinary partnership in public health (breadth: research, education, public engagement and depth: artistic personal health diaries created by different stake holders blended with ethnographic data), the anticipated theoretical development and research agenda arising from its innovative interdisciplinary approach, ensures that SOLACE will make a significant contribution to interdisciplinary global public health research and lay a foundation which other researchers may take forward in discrete areas and lines of enquiry.

PATHWAYS TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIETAL IMPACT
Under resourced health workforces is a topic of increasing interest for the wider public in developed as well as developing countries. The issues the partnership addresses-around human health resources, role of primary care and non-communicable diseases-are increasingly aired in the public domain, hence the potential for wide economic and social impact. SOLACE will raise awareness around the effect of unbalanced primary care workforces on local healthcare needs, both in treatment of and living with non-communicable diseases in rural and remote areas. It provides a new model of arts-based community engagement and encourages patient and public involvement and engagement (PPIE). The partnership will develop and maintain, through the SOLACE health hubs, PPIE groups, one of the first in the Philippines, which will provide an important resource beyond the duration of the partnership. By promoting the active partnership between patients, members of the public and researchers we will maximise impact not only during the funded period, but also in future work by recognizing and supporting the unique roles users have in research prioritisation, design and management, data collection and analysis and dissemination of findings.

The SOLACE partnership has the potential to have impact on (1) the everyday practices of health professionals, both those working in LMICs as well as those in the global north, (2) the understanding of how policies and devolved governance affect the health and wellbeing of local communities and, most importantly, (3) the daily lives of people living in underserved areas. Active participation in SOLACE will empower those patients as they will see, throughout the two years, how their concerns and ideas are taking seriously and embedded in future research projects.

The SOLACE findings will add considerably to our understanding of the challenges all stakeholder groups in underserved rural and isolated areas face, as well as which solutions to those challenges already exists in the local communities. SOLACE will produce a range of outputs which translate the implications of our findings into educational and artistic sustainable resources for the future's workforces in medicine and in the creative sectors.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title SOLACE dance performance 
Description One of the first dataset of the SOLACE project, collected during creative community workshops in rural communities in Northern Samar, is a list of words that the community members (the Waray) associate with health and wellbeing. Dance artist and anthropologist, SOLACE Co-Investigator, Clarissa Mijares imagined the written word into movement and created the SOLACE dance performance. She worked with a sound designer, a Waray choreographer and dancers from a public school in Marikina. Together, they wove the SOLACE ethnographic data, collected during long-term fieldwork among the Waray, into a coherent performance. The SOLACE dance was first performed in the Arete Art gallery at Ateneo de Manila (Philippines) during the launch of the SOLACE exhibition in September 2019. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact The process of creation of the SOLACE dance performance, bringing together ethnography, movement, soundscapes, poetry and folk music from the province of Northern Samar, sparked reflection on the potential of truly interdisciplinary collaborations between artists, researchers and health professionals. Other research groups and non-governmental organisations have taken inspiration from the SOLACE dance performance. 
URL https://solace-research.com/solace-dance-performance/
 
Title SOLACE dance video 
Description Video of the SOLACE dance performance (https://solace-research.com/solace-dance-performance/). One of the first dataset of the SOLACE project, collected during creative community workshops in rural communities in Northern Samar, is a list of words that the community members (the Waray) associate with health and wellbeing. Dance artist and anthropologist, SOLACE Co-Investigator, Clarissa Mijares imagined the written word into movement and created the SOLACE dance performance. She worked with a sound designer, a Waray choreographer and dancers from a public school in Marikina. Together, they wove the SOLACE ethnographic data, collected during long-term fieldwork among the Waray, into a coherent performance. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact We have shown this video to several audiences in the Philippines and beyond. The SOLACE team has received several invitations to explain the process of creating the performance and video t and to replicate the methodology in other health projects. 
URL https://solace-research.com/solace-dance-performance/
 
Title SOLACE exhibition at Arete Art Space, Manila, the Philippines 
Description An interactive exhibition with several interactive installations, photography and art work was created and displayed for two months at the Art Space, Ateneo de Manila University, the Philippines. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact The SOLACE exhibition at Arete attracted over 600 visitors, including undergraduate and postgraduate students. The exhibition shifted public perception about rural health in an underserved province of the Philippines. 
 
Title SOLACE exhibition at Keele University (May-June 2019) 
Description An interactive exhibition with several interactive installations, photography and art work was created and displayed for two months at the Art Gallery, Keele University. https://solace-research.com/exhibition-launch/ https://solace-research.com/exhibition-keele/ https://www.keele.ac.uk/discover/news/2019/april/philippines-healthcare/solace.php 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact The SOLACE exhibition attracted over 1000 visitors in a central campus location, largely undergraduate students and staff. The exhibition shifted public perception about rural health in the Philippines, and healthcare in remote, rural areas in resource-low settings. The SOLACE exhibition at Keele University led to several invitations to tour with a 'mobile' version of the exhibition. The SOLACE team created a mobile exhibition which was displayed in Stoke-on-Trent, London and at a number of events (entered as separate database entries). 
URL https://solace-research.com/exhibition-keele/
 
Title Student entries for the SOLACE student competition held at Keele University (UK) and Ateneo de Manila University (the Philippines) 
Description Keele and Ateneo UG students were invited to submit a piece of creative work on global health to our SOLACE student competition. The submitted work could be in the format of choice. This could be an essay, a poem, a music documentary, an audio-visual installation, a painting or a combination of the above. The submission had to convey in a powerful fashion the student's interest in global health. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Several entries from Keele and Ateneo de Manila Universities which will be exhibited in the 2019 exhibitions. https://solace-research.com/keele-solace-competition-the-winning-entries/ https://solace-research.com/ateneo-solace-competition-the-winning-entries/ 
URL https://solace-research.com/ateneo-solace-competition-the-winning-entries/
 
Description SOLACE is a Global Public Health Partnership Award which had three overarching aims:
(1) We established a sustainable, interdisciplinary, cross-cultural partnership and we identified specific public health challenges faced by those providing primary healthcare and those at the receiving end in rural, remote and underserved areas in the Philippines.
(2) We co-produced knowledge and raised awareness in multiple formats (artistic, educational, scientific) around the growing burden of common non-communicable diseases, specifically around mental health and musculoskeletal problems.
(3) We developed, in collaboration with community stakeholders, a series of policy recommendation and suggestions for innovative clinical and educational interventions to improve the health and wellbeing of communities in rural, remote areas

The SOLACE activities addressed these overarching aims through a number of activities around three core areas: (1) interdisciplinary research, (2) interdisciplinary education and (3) public engagement. The SOLACE team worked in two areas of the province of Northern Samar and established two SOLACE research hubs, in Catarman, the capital of the province and in Laoang, a rich fishing and fertile agricultural area.

INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH
We collected a robust data set around rural healthcare in the Philippines through long-term team ethnography and creative, participatory methods in Northern Samar.
Four themes emerged during fieldwork:

(1) Living in a rural and underserved area
The different ways locals in rural, remote areas perceive themselves and others, with a focus on how they perceive 'being healthy', feelings of disconnect from urban centres and who is defined an 'outsider'; kinship and community structures, individual and collective lifestyles, including alcohol consumption, smoking, transport and vocations, housing, local legends and mythology around the perceived causes of illness. In a rural, underserved area like Northern Samar, access to health care is a challenge as exposure to vulnerabilities such as poverty, marginalization, disaster risk and other socio-economic conditions abound. The SOLACE research delved into the everyday life of the Waray, understanding community experiences and the context of the health system, unpacking barriers and facilitating factors to health care access.

2) Experiences of healthcare
There are at least four main factors influencing health care access in Northern Samar namely, personal, physical, financial and political:
• Personal factors: The decision to access health care begins at home where personal and relational barriers such as poor support systems to care for the household as well as the feelings of fear or shame in accessing health facilities are present.
• Physical factors: Land travel is limited by road. In many upland villages, the only means of transport is a ride from a habal-habal, a makeshift motorcycle. Across rivers and seas, the water level, waves and strong currents determine ability to cross bodies of water, which are particularly challenging in this typhoon-prone province.
• Financial factors: Finances are the most critical factor, especially because the province is among the poorest in the Philippines and most health services have to be paid out-of-pocket.
• Political factors: Because of the country's devolved health system, politics plays a central role in health governance and financing.

3) Concepts of health and illness
The SOLACE ethnographers collected data on the experience of medical pluralism in Northern Samar. In other words, how the Waray use both biomedical (often called formal) medicine as well as complementary and alternative medicine (also called, in the context of the Philippines as traditional medicine). Medical pluralism in Northern Samar is part and parcel of everyday life. The Waray do not consciously distinguish between the professional, popular and folk sectors of healthcare. We examined the experiences of community members living with chronic illness; the role of stigma, honour and shame in health, illness and healthcare seeking behaviours, maternal health and family planning and local approaches to maintaining health and wellbeing. The indigenous sense of shame in the Waray communities permeates everyday social engagements with implications to larger, kindred, socio-political, sexual and just about any practical relations including the question of seeking healthcare. Shame manifests when poor and marginalised communities hold back from seeking medical care out of anxiety of leaving themselves and their families vulnerable to embarrassment, humiliation and indignity.

4) Politics of/in health
Local politics configures the provision and delivery of healthcare services. The provision and use of funds for the development of health infrastructure and facilities is strongly subject to the personal interests and priorities of local government officials, regardless of the urgent situation in their area. We collected data on the different ways health providers and constituencies at the receiving end of healthcare are entangled and enmeshed in the everyday play for power, taking into account that health is not solely a medical question but also a socio-political issue.

INTERDISCIPLINARY EDUCATION
1) We set up a SOLACE student competition at Keele University (UK) and at Ateneo de Manila University (Philippines). This led to artistic productions created by UK and Philippines-based students around global health.
2) Interdisciplinary UK-Philippines student immersion which resulted in the production of 4 podcasts, a 16-part blog series, Experiential Learning global health toolkit and conference presentations.
3) This included conversations with policy makers, medical educators, about primary care and rural health care delivery in the Philippines
4) This led to an ongoing student exchange between the School of Medicine at Keele University and Ateneo de Manila School of Medicine and Public Health

PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT
We held a series of Cultural Animation workshops in the Philippines. These three workshops have led to robust participation of community members in the research and community engagement activities in Northern Samar. These included mapping of healthcare provision, food diaries, creative workshops around health and wellbeing, hosts of SOLACE student ambassadors and engagement with the different SOLACE ethnographers. The project was concluded with a SOLACE 'fiesta' in the Laoang research hub in which community members were presented with the findings of the SOLACE research, we trialled a first aid intervention course and engaged community members in a final creative community workshops.
Exploitation Route The SOLACE findings will be able to be used by other research teams to (1) engage in interdisciplinary (global) health research and (2) to further advance our understanding of rural healthcare in the Philippines. Specifically:

(1) ENGAGE IN INTERDISCIPLINARY (GLOBAL) HEALTH RESEARCH BUILDING ON THE SOLACE MODEL
- Further refine a culturally bespoke and context specific public engagement in (global) health research
- Productively bringing together researchers, clinicians and policy makers from very different fields to work together in a truly interdisciplinary fashion. This can include, for instance, ethnographers, artists, historians, theatre practitioners, health policy makers, parasitologists, epidemiologists, doctors and other health practitioners.

(2) ADVANCE OUR UNDERSTANDING OF RURAL HEALTHCARE IN THE PHILIPPINES
- Establish to what extent the three sectors of healthcare (popular, folk and formal sectors) can collaborate in rural, remote areas in the Philippines
- Explore the extent of taboo and shame around mental illness, aiming for early diagnosis and change in health seeking behaviour
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://solace-research.com
 
Description Through the SOLACE research and community engagement activities awareness has been raised around healthcare delivery in remote, rural areas of the Philippines. The SOLACE team members have used their findings in different ways: (1) SOCIETAL IMPACT THROUGH INVOLVEMENT IN THE POLICY DIALOGUE IN RURAL PHILIPPINES On several occasions the SOLACE team members presented their findings to local politicians and health policy makers. This is especially impactful in a devolved healthcare system as that of the Philippines where local government authorities are in charge of budgets and commissioning of health services. We have engaged, in the province of Northern Samar, with politicians and policy makers and clinical workforce at provincial, municipal, village (barangay) level. This happened through presentation of the SOLACE activities to the provincial governor, several mayors, provincial health office and municipal health officers. The SOLACE team members have been involved in the policy dialogue through public presentations (for instance, at the end of the SOLACE student immersion) and several meetings with the provincial governor, mayor and public health officers. Evidence of this increased dialogue is the inclusion of team members in the province's annual calendar, request for research findings in policy brief format and further collaboration. (2) HIGH IMPACT THROUGH PRESENTATIONS TO AND ENGAGEMENT WITH PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL BODIES SOLACE team members have presented the SOLACE research at highly visible international events, including in Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, Malaysia, Nepal and the Philippines. The SOLACE partnership has been further developed and extended to a robust network of collaborators in Low- and Middle-Income countries. Three SOLACE team members (PI Dikomitis, Co-I Dayrit and Co-I Hassell) have presented at the annual convention of the Philippine Association of Family Physicians (https://thepafp.org) where more than 1000 primary care and family medicine physicians gathered. (3) COMMUNICATING WITH PUBLID MEDIA REQUESTS We have received requests from different media to contribute to news stories about public and rural health in the Philippines. For instance, Co-I Dayrit talked about the 2019 measles outbreak in the Philippines and this BBC interview will be broadcast via 300 radio stations in the US. (4) ACADEMIC IMPACT THROUGH INNOVATING INTERDISCIPLINARY GLOBAL HEALTH RESEARCH Modelled on the ethnographic community engagement framework developed for SOLACE in the Philippines, new research projects have been developed. This included ECLIPSE which SOLACE PI Dikomitis developed, with Co-PI Price: a cross-cultural international research partnership with teams in Brazil, Ethiopia, Sri Lanka and the UK to conduct applied ethnographic and creative research, underpinned by anthropological theories. ECLIPSE is a £4.6 million awarded by the UK's National Institute for Health Research (see https://www.fundingawards.nihr.ac.uk/award/NIHR200135). The SOLACE model of interdisciplinary working has been further developed by SOLACE team members in subsequent successful GCRF grant applications.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Healthcare
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Consultation on innovative journalism
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Ms. Clarissa Mijares was invited to provide a briefer during a consultation meeting for a project on innovative journalism based on her engagement with SOLACE. The project is being spearheaded by the Konrad Adenauer Asian Center for Journalism under its new director, Mr. John Nery.
 
Description Dr Jose Canuday invited as research consultant for the project 'Analysing Mental Health in the Philippines: Perception, Access, and Delivery' at Ateneo School of Medicine and Public health
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Membership technical panel for the Committee on Performing Arts of the Commission on Higher Education Philippines
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Ms Clarissa Mijares is member of the Technical Panel for the Committee on Performing Arts of the Commission on Higher Education of the Philippines. The technical panel reviews programmes in the performing arts of higher education institutions in the Philippines.
 
Description Northern Samar provincial government calendar 2018 features 3 pictures of research team members
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
 
Description Accommodation for SOLACE student ambassadors in the Cervini Hall of the Ateneo Residence Halls
Amount Php10,000 (PHP)
Organisation Ateneo de Manila University 
Sector Academic/University
Country Philippines
Start 07/2018 
End 08/2018
 
Description Empowering people with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: Intervention Programme to improve patient journey and reduce Stigma via community Education (ECLIPSE)
Amount £4,576,819 (GBP)
Funding ID NIHR200135 
Organisation National Institute for Health Research 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2019 
End 10/2023
 
Description Patient-centric supramolecular formulations of new anti-leishmanial drugs for Indian Communities
Amount £906,252 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T020490/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 03/2022
 
Description Studentship Dr Caroline Mae Ramirez to attend the Global Health Delivery Intensive Programme 2018 at Harvard
Amount $8,000 (USD)
Organisation Harvard University 
Department Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Sector Academic/University
Country United States
Start 07/2018 
End 08/2018
 
Description Supervised Treatment in Out-Patients for Schizophrenia (STOPS+)
Amount £517,203 (GBP)
Funding ID MR/S00243X/1 
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 07/2021
 
Description Arete Creative Hub (Ateneo de Manila University, the Philippines) 
Organisation Ateneo de Manila University
Country Philippines 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The SOLACE team approached the Arete - creative hub and artistic venue at Ateneo de Manila University. We held the SOLACE launch there as well as a Cultural Animation workshop, which was well attended by Manila-based researchers. This has given visibility to the (then newly established) Arete. This further led to the SOLACE regional manager (Co-Investigator Ms Clarissa Mijares) to be more involved with Arete, which, in turn led to the joined planning for an artistic exploration of rural health in the Philippines.
Collaborator Contribution Arete provided in-kind financial support through venue provision for the official SOLACE launch which took place in Arete's Sandbox zone on 22 January 2018 (https://solace-research.com/launch-solace/). Arete provided in-kind financial support through venue provision for the 'train the trainer' Cultural Animation workshop which was held in one of the newly opened rooms in Arete on 22 January 2018 (https://solace-research.com/cultural-animation/). We continue working together with Arete in (1) a creative co-production of photographic and audiovisual documentation of rural healthcare in the Philippines and (2) preparing the SOLACE public exhibition (planned for September 2019), hosted by Arete.
Impact - Ongoing collaboration in involving artist-researchers with the themes of the SOLACE partnership (rural health in the Philippines) - Launch of the SOLACE partnership
Start Year 2018
 
Description Loyola Schools Praxis Programme 
Organisation Ateneo de Manila University
Country Philippines 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The provincial government of Northern Samar is one of SOLACE partners. The partnership between the Praxis Program and the SOLACE team facilitated the 2018 student field immersion to take place in the Province of Northern Samar https://solace-research.com/northern-samardiego/). This provided a unique opportunity for the Ateneo Health Sciences students, who had never visited this remote, rural province, and for the Provincial Health Office to link with this educational programme at the Loyola Schools at Ateneo de Manila University.The Loyola Schools' Praxis Programme integrates social awareness and involvement with the community. This is usually conducted through a weekend immersion in the field on their last summer before graduation, that allows them to apply acquired skills and knowledge and at the same time render service to the community. The Health Sciences Program of the Ateneo de Manila University annually brings their Praxis students to various municipalities in Leyte. For 2018, they opened another round for their students for Northern Samar. The Health Sciences Rural Intersession Praxis was conducted in partnership with the SOLACE Student Ambassadors Programme. Seventeen pre-med students, along with staff members from the Health Sciences Programme (Dr. Norman Dennis Marquez and Ms. Urduja Amor) travelled to Northern Samar. This field trip was facilitated by the SOLACE team. with focus on Service Delivery Networks in the provincial health system. They held a public presentation to the community at the end of their immersion period. It was attended by local government administrators and rural hospital personnel.
Collaborator Contribution The SOLACE student ambassadors participated in the Loyola Schools Praxis Programme. This allowed the UK students to not only join the 2 Ateneo SOLACE ambassadors, but participate in group engagement with 17 pre-med students. This greatly enhanced the cultural exchange trip and contributed to the global learning toolkit they produced for the SOLACE partnership.
Impact - Global learning toolkit (see www.solace-research.com) - Podcasts made by the SOLACE students - Series of blog posts written by the SOLACE students about this immersion and partnership with the Health Sciences Rural Intersession Praxis
Start Year 2018
 
Description SHIFT Foundation, Northern Samar, Philippines 
Organisation SHIFT Foundation
Country Philippines 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The SOLACE partnership aims to increase community involvement in health research - setting up context-appropriate public involvement activities. The SHIFT foundation in Northern Samar aims to empower members of the local communities and engage them as partners in local development initiatives. The SOLACE team members have engaged in a series of community events hosted by the SHIFT Foundation in Sophie's Farm (Mondragon, Northern Samar).
Collaborator Contribution The Scared Heart Institute for Transformative Education (SHIFT Northern Samar, founded in 200) is a faith-driven, non-profit organisation committed to empowering individuals and communities as partners in the transformation and development of Northern Samar. SOLACE has partnered with the SHIFT Foundation Northern Samar to deliver a range of community engagement activities which we report in the appropriate sections. SHIFT is located in 'Sophie's Farm' (Mondragon, Northern Samar) where we held different community engagement event (including Cultural Animation workshop and community researcher training events).
Impact - Photo essay about community engagement in rural, remote areas of the Philippines
Start Year 2018
 
Description 'Global health, public health and public policy' by Dr Manuel Dayrit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Dr Dayrit spoke at the national summit for Filipino Children (5 March 2019). His talk was entitled 'Global health, public health and public policy'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://papainc.org
 
Description 'The crucial role of education and training in healthcare development' at British Embassy in Manila 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Dr Dayrit gave a talk at the British Embassy on 4 March 2019 entitled 'The crucial role of education and training in healthcare development'. This led to a fruitful discussion about potential projects with the Royal College of General Practitioners in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 'The curriculum in South East Asian medical schools' by Dr Manuel Dayrit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Dr Manuel Dayrit facilitated a workshop on 'The curriculum in South East Asian medical schools' at the fifth general meeting of the Tuning Asia - South East project (24-28 February 2019). A sixth Tuning meeting in Brussels, Belgium (October 2019).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description An ethnographic reading of rural health provision in the Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Principal Investigator Dr Lisa Dikomitis gave an invited talk about rural health in the Philippines, based on her involvement in ethnographic projects in the country (including SOLACE) at the Newton Links Workshop at Monash University, Kuala Lumpur campus, Malaysia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description BBC Interview Dr Manuel Dayrit on public health and the measles outbreak in the Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Dr Manuel Dayrit was interviewed on 7 March 2019 by the BBC about public health, vaccinations and the recent measles outbreak in the Philippines. This will be aired mid-March via 300 radio stations in the USA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Co-creating health with communities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigators Professor Mihaela Kelemen and Ms Sue Moffat delivered a workshop in collaboration with New Vic Borderlines at the launch of the Keele Institute of Sustainable Futures on 27 September 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.keele.ac.uk/sustainable-futures/
 
Description Community engagement workshop in Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyan Technological University, Singapore 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigators Dr Tom Shepherd and Professor Christian Mallen led a workshop on Patient Public Involvement and Engagement (PPIE) in research at Lee Kong Chian School of medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (http://www.lkcmedicine.ntu.edu.sg/Pages/Home.aspx). The main components of PPIE were introduced and how patients and members of the public can support the development, management and dissemination of research at Keele University were discussed. In particular, how PPIE had been used to support two completed studies from Keele were described and an insight into the community engagement that underpins the SOLACE work. In small groups, attendees discussed the benefits of including PPIE in their research and how it can be used to enhance research questions and focus priority questions, check the appropriateness of study materials and to ensure that the research has a meaningful clinical impact for patients. Funder expectations in relation to PPIE components of new grant applications was also discussed. Professor Mallen and Dr Shepherd then discussed some potential solutions to some of the challenges of conducting effective PPIE and gave advice on ways to ensure that PPIE is constructive and supportive of research. The floor was then opened for questions from the audience before closing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Community engagement: introduction to SOLACE 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The SOLACE research team held a workshop in a barangay (village) health station in the SOLACE Laoang research hub on 23 October 2017. This engagement activity aimed to ensure we established robust community engagement groups which have since ben consulted at key times throughout the SOLACE project. SOLACE Co-Investigators explained about the planned one-day community engagement workshops in January 2018. They had very detailed conversations with barangay health workers and traditional healers (see https://solace-research.com/embracing-the-tension-between-traditional-and-modern-health-care/).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://solace-research.com/embracing-the-tension-between-traditional-and-modern-health-care/
 
Description Cultural Animation 'train the trainer' workshop at Arete, Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The SOLACE team held a 'train the trainer' Cultural Animation workshop on 22 January 2018 in the Eugenio Lopez Jr. Interdisciplinary hub, Arete at Ateneo de Manila University. The fabulous group contained thirty-three teaching and non-teaching staff from a wide range of disciplinary backgrounds, including arts, social sciences, psychology, community engagement, human rights organisation, dance education, philosophy, etc.

Here are some of the reasons participants signed up for the workshop, as written on the registration sheets:

'I am interested in the practical applications of Cultural Animation in health research'

'I think that this is an exciting new endeavour that brings together my passion for interdisciplinary research and my commitment to make this research relevant to communities'

'Want to learn about social and art skills and how these can be used to help the needy and poor'

'I think the topic can help with my work with different indigenous communities'

Participants came from different universities and organisation in Manila, including the University of the Philippines Diliman, Ateneo de manila University, Ridgepointe Ballet Manil
la, Habituate Education Lab, British Council Manila, Institute of Social Order Manila, ArtPsych Circle Manila and Creative Passion Path Manila.

The workshop was facilitated by SOLACE Co-Investigator Sue Moffat, Director of the New Vic New Vic Borderlines at the New Vic Theatre in the United Kingdom.

There was a huge interest for this and there have been follow-up conversations with SOLACE Co-Investigators Professor Mihaela Kelemen and Ms Sue Moffat who pioneered Cultural Animation and ran this workshop in Manila. For more information, see https://solace-research.com/cultural-animation/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://solace-research.com/cultural-animation/
 
Description Cultural Animation workshop in Catarman, Northern Samar, the Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The SOLACE team organised a Cultural Animation workshop in Catarman, Northern Samar (the Philippines). This took place on 25 January 2018. 41 participants attended. These were women (mostly mothers without formal employment), market vendors, community health workers and some sales representatives in the provincial mall. The workshop, facilitated by SOLACE Co-Investigator Sue Moffat (Director of New Vic Borderlines), was a real success. It enthused locals from barangays (villages) in the Catarman area to participate in future SOLACE research activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://solace-research.com/cultural-animation/
 
Description Cultural Animation workshop in Laoang, Northern Samar, the Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The SOLACE team organised a Cultural Animation workshop in Laoang, Northern Samar (the Philippines). This took place on 24 January 2018. 42 participants attended. These were women (mostly mothers without formal employment), fishermen, tricycle drivers, traditional healers and temps service providers (manual labor/ construction/ errand running). The workshop, facilitated by SOLACE Co-Investigator Sue Moffat (Director of New Vic Borderlines), was a real success. It enthused locals from barangays (villages) in the Laoang area to participate in future SOLACE research activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://solace-research.com/cultural-animation/
 
Description Global health workshop at Association for the Study of Medical Education (ASME) at the 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Principal Investigator facilitated a global health workshop at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Association for the Study of Medical Education (ASME) in July 2018.
She used insights and material from the SOLACE project and iPRIME project (https://www.keele.ac.uk/pchs/research/globalhealth/currentprojects/), both with components around medical education in the Philippines and working as healthcare professionals in underserved, rural and isolated areas.

Abstract workshop: All too often we focus on local medical education issues, and relevant research, when there may be global research issues that would resonate with us and provide potential for collaboration. This workshop focussed on such issues and how they might apply to our contexts. The workshop will start with a roundtable discussion to map out the experience and expertise among participants. Workshop activities included: (1) Diamond of Global Medical Education Research, (2) reflection exercise around funding and dissemination, (3) working with visual data from the SOLACE project to brainstorm around issues, (4) problematizing 'us' and 'them' in global medical education research and (5) discussing essential competencies in global health research for medical trainees. The workshop ended by exchanging contact details to further a network of global health researchers in medical education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.asme.org.uk/images/ASME_Conference_Brochure_Jun18_for_web.pdf
 
Description Guest lecture: 'The importance of primary care research' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Professor Christian Mallen delivered a guest lecture entitled 'The importance of primary care research' at the University of Botswana in February 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Introduction to SOLACE at the SHIFT foundation (Mondragon) in Northern Samar, 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On 24 October 2017 the SOLACE research team held a community engagement activity at the SHIFT Foundation in Mondragon, Catarman, Northern Samar (see https://en-gb.facebook.com/shiftrscj/). The activity was attended by more than 20 women volunteers. These women have since engaged in the SOLACE activities in the Catarman hub.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Pain and prejudice: the importance of primary care research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Professor Christian Mallen delivered a keynote lecture at the Annual International Medical Congress of the Sri Lanka Medical Association in Colombo, Sir Lanka (26-29 July 2018).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://slma.lk/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Draft-of-August-Newsletter-2018-V1.2-Web-Re.pdf
 
Description Panel 'Barriers and facilitators to primary care in rural areas of the Philippines' (PAFP, Manila, March 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigators Dr Manuel Dayrit, Professor Andrew Hassell and SOLACE Principal Investigator Dr Lisa Dikomitis organised a panel at the 58th Annual Convention of the Philippine Academy of Family Physicians in Manila (Philippines) on 9 March 2019.

https://thepafp.org
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://twitter.com/Solace_Research/status/1104264123225858049
 
Description Panel: 'Northern Samar Family Medicine Residency Training Program' (15th World Rural Health Conference, India, April 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Dr Caroline Mae Ramirez was part of the delegation from the Provincial Health Office of Northern Samar (SOLACE community partner) for the 15th World Rural Health Conference held in New Delhi, India (26-29 April 2018). The panel presented on the Northern Samar Family Medicine Residency Training Program.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Participation in GCRF Expert Consultation on Living with Mental Illness 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop was an initiative of the UK Research and Innovation's Global Challenges Research Fund and the British Council. It was an expert consultation to identify the issues and challenges of living with mental illness. The SOLACE presentation, delivered by SOLACE Co-Investigators Ms Clarissa Mijares and Dr Jose Jowel Canuday, was prepared to provide a contextualized understanding of social determinants of health (mental health included) in rural Philippines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Plenary talk by SOLACE Co-Investigators Dr Manuel Dayrit and Professor Andrew Hassell at the PAFP Annual Convention (Manila, Philippines, 9 March 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigators Dr Manuel Dayrit and Professor Andrew Hassell delivered a plenary talk entitled 'Experiences, perceptions, understandings of the primary care physician in rural Philippines (the iPRIME study) at the 58th Annual Convention of the Philippine Association of Family Physicians (Manila, Philippines, 9 March 2019).

https://thepafp.org
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://twitter.com/Solace_Research/status/1104188736600858624
 
Description Presentation at the launch of the regional Global Challenges Research Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact On 28 January 2019 Keele University launched its Global Challenges Research Network as part of a GCRF regional engagement event in partnership with UK Research and Innovation. SOLACE Principal Investigator Dr Lisa Dikomitis talked about the SOLACE project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.keele.ac.uk/research/globalchallenges/globalchallengesresearchnetwork/january2019-launch...
 
Description Presentation: Shame! A cultural reproduction of postcolonial health inequality in the global age of healthy living 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Dr Jose Jowel Canuday presented the SOLACE research at the first Social Sciences Research conference at Ateneo de Manila University (Philippines).The paper, "Shame! A Cultural Reproduction of Post-colonial Health Inequality in the Global Age of Healthy Living," was delivered for an audience of transdisciplinary scholars and practitioners working on health matters in the Philippines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SOLACE conference at Keele University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A SOLACE conference was held at Keele University on 1 May 2019. Presentations were made by the SOLACE Principal Investigator, Co-Investigators and researchers. The Philippines-based colleagues were all present and presented at the SOLACE conference.

One hour after the completion of the conference, a short evaluation form was distributed via email to those who had electronically registered for the conference. The evaluation form was built using Google Forms and contained a range of closed and open-ended questions. The SOLACE conference was advertised internally (leaflets, meetings and internal email lists) and externally (social media). The conference was open to undergraduate and postgraduate students, academic and professional members of staff, external researchers and members of the public. 75% of respondents gave the SOLACE conference the top rating of 'excellent' and 25% rated the conference as 'very good'.
The evaluation form contained the question: What will you remember most about what you heard and saw today at the SOLACE conference?
This question was open-ended and respondents were asked to type their answers into the Google form. A range of responses were received which related to:

(1) Research methodology
'The methods, the size of the research project, the new insight that has been gained and the potential for interdisciplinary approaches in tackling global health problems.'
'I was interested in the research methods used, in the student involvement and in the collaboration.'

(2) Accessing healthcare in a rural province like Northern Samar
'Challenges that rural Filipinos face accessing care, the process of carrying ethnography and gaining informants' trust, navigating medically pluralist healthcare sector, the role shame may play in accessing healthcare.'

'The film on the patient's long journey to the emergency room was very effective in showing the challenges for people in this community.'
(3) The role of politics in health
'The socio-political information about the region'

A second open-ended question in the evaluation form: Is there anything else that you would like to share? The large majority of the responses summarised a very positive view of the SOLACE conference experience:

'What a wonderful, inspiring, motivating, moving and INFORMATIVE afternoon. I cannot express how interesting and thought provoking it was!!! What a wonderful project and what an AMAZING conference!'

'It was a really great event. It was well organised and full of inspiring talks. The talks were all building on each other, so a clear narrative emerged throughout. I learned so much!!'

'Excellent conference!'

'It was excellent that the international collaborators from the Philippines were able to attend and present their research journey and findings at the conference.'

The conference presentations were all filmed and are accessible on the SOLACE website:
https://solace-research.com/solace-conference/

Pictures of the conference are available on the SOLACE website:
https://solace-research.com/conference-keele/

https://www.keele.ac.uk/discover/news/2019/april/philippines-healthcare/solace.php
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://solace-research.com/conference-keele/
 
Description SOLACE meeting with Dr Michael L Tan, Chancellor of the University of the Philippines Diliman 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact SOLACE team members (Dr Jose Canuday, Ms Clarissa Mijares, Professor Andrew Hassell, Mr Matheu Macatangay and Dr Lisa Dikomitis) met with Dr Michael L Tan, medical anthropologist and currently Chancellor of the University of the Philippines Diliman to talk about the SOLACE research activities and discuss future plans and collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://twitter.com/Solace_Research/status/1103774634569195520
 
Description SOLACE podcast series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The SOLACE project includes a series of podcasts. We have released 6 episodes so far (with another 6 episodes planned by the end of 2019). The podcasts are promoted via the SOLACE website, the SOLACE team members networks and the SOLACE social media campaign.

The set of 4 podcasts created by the SOLACE student ambassadors are part of the SOLACE global learning toolkit and being used by undergraduate medical students.

We have received very positive feedback on the podcast series, with request for more episodes and further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.solace-research.com
 
Description SOLACE website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We have set up a dedicated SOLACE website which contains. information about the project (https://solace-research.com/about/about-2/), about the SOLACE team (https://solace-research.com/team/). This online platform also hosts the SOLACE blog, the SOLACE podcasts, audio-visual and photographic documentaries. Through this website we have reached health and creative workforces internationally and receive frequent enquiries. The website is supported by the SOLACE Twitter feed.

Since we set up the SOLACE website in November 2017 we have had nearly 2,500 unique visitors (last checked February 2019). The blog section (https://solace-research.com/gallery/) and the picture collections (e.g, on Northern Samar by Martin San Diego, https://solace-research.com/northern-samardiego/) are so far the most popular features of the website. The site is viewed from a wide range of countries. In January 2019 alone, for instance, the top 3 countries was the Philippines, United Kingdom and the United States. There have been views from over 40 countries, including Indonesia, Ethiopia, South Africa, Namibia, Slovenia, Timor-Leste, Nigeria, Zambia and Ghana
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL http://www.solace-research.com
 
Description Shame! Cultural Reproduction of Postcolonial Health Inequality in the Global Age of Healthy Living 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in workshop Social Sciences Beyond the Canon: Expanding Paradigms and Practices

Dr Jose Jowel Canuday presented the SOLACE findings on the implications of shame and stigma on mental health and other illnesses in terms of accessing health care in a rural low-income fishing community in Northern Samar. Data from the research is drawn from the combination of methodological approaches employed by the SOLACE research in the context of a low middle-income country. The paper is titled, "Shame! Cultural Reproduction of Postcolonial Health Inequality in the Global Age of Healthy Living."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Study trip to Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Professor Andrew Hassell visited Ateneo School of Public Health, Manila, and facilitated a number of workshops: 1. A workshop with approximately 100 senior undergraduate medical students. The purpose of this was to explore students' views on placements in Northern Samar as a potential core component of the Ateno Medicine course. 2. A faculty workshop with medical school staff exploring the Keele curriculum, especially the Primary Care components, and discussing learning points for and from the Ateneo curriculum. 3. A faculty workshop on developing clinical research in a medical school. 4. A workshop for 12 students around getting work published. The key upshots of these activities were development of the relationship between Keele and Ateneo schools, identification of learning opportunities allied to rural health in Northern Samar, initial steps in developing research relationships.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Transforming healthcare in the Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigator Dr Manuel Dayrit talked about his passion for improving healthcare in the Philippines, particularly for poor people in rural, remote and underserved communities. SPEAKER: Dr Manuel M. Dayrit served as Secretary of Health of the Philippines (2001-2005). He dedicated his life to improving health care in the Philippines. First as a young community physician in rural Mindanao and later as disease control specialist and Director of Health Promotion at the Philippine's Department of Health. He held senior roles at the WHO. As Director of the Department of Human Resources for Health at WHO, he helped create the WHO Code for the International Recruitment of Health Personel in 2010. He is now Dean of the Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health in Manila where he leads a faculty dedicated to forming physician-leaders for the country.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://solace-research.com/lectures/
 
Description Workshop and presentation by clinical and medical science team at Keele's School of Medicine 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact SOLACE Co-Investigators Dr Manuel Dayrit, Dr Caroline Mae Ramirez and Dr Jose Jowel Canuday visited Keele University. We organised a programme of talks and facilitated discussions. This included: Dr Sarah Aynsley - Game-based approach to aid learning (10 min.) Dr Andrew Morris - PBL at Keele's School and pilot project Brazil (10 min.) Mr Luke Welsh - Anatomy at Keele's School of Medicine (10 min.) Dr Eva Luksaite - Ethnographic research in rural India (10 min.) Dr Janet Lefroy - Action research: teaching, assessment and feedback for clinical consultation skills (10 min.) Dr Peter Yeates - Assessments in Medical Education (10 min.) Dr Peter Coventry - Overview of undergraduate medical education in the UK (10 min.) Prof Christian Mallen and Dr Tom Shepherd - Global Health Research at Keele (20 min.)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018