COVID-19 CARE: Culture and the Arts, from Restriction to Enhancement: Protecting Mental Health in the Liverpool City Region

Lead Research Organisation: University of Liverpool
Department Name: English

Abstract

This study will assess the impact on mental health of restricted access to arts and culture in a specific city region, and track, enable and enhance the value of innovation in arts provision in mitigating associated harms.

Liverpool has one of the richest concentrations of culture in the UK, boasting the largest clustering of museums and galleries outside London. Cultural capital is critical to the city region's economy, contributing c10% (Culture Liverpool,2019). The city also has a pioneering history of harnessing arts for mental health care through partnerships between culture and health providers. Building on the University of Liverpool's strong alliance with organisations across these sectors, this project brings together an interdisciplinary team of arts and mental health researchers to devise and conduct, in consultation with cultural and health bodies, two surveys. Survey 1 (online interviews) will target 20 arts organisations (10 civic institutions, 10 community arts programmes, representing 'elite' and 'popular' arts) to capture (i)the impact of COVID-19 on public access to arts provision (including those who usually access the arts through formal healthcare routes) and on audience/beneficiary change over time (legacy losses and potential gains) (ii)the success of alternative (e.g. online/digital) modes of provision by arts organisations in reaching and communicating with established and/or new audiences. Survey 2 (online questionnaire and supplementary online/telephone interviews) will target c300 arts' audiences/beneficiaries to capture (i)the impact on mental health of restricted/non-existent access to usual provision (ii)the perceived value and accessibility of alternative arts provision and the latter's impact on mental health/wellbeing.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Our findings show that:

1. The response of the Liverpool City Region to the Covid-19 lockdown was highly creative and collaborative. Arts and cultural organisations rapidly created new, or adapted existing, programmes to reach their usual as well as new audiences, and online provision was an essential 'lifeline' in addressing social isolation and enhancing psychological wellbeing during lockdown.
2. New and existing partnerships with health and social care services have been especially important in ensuring that provision is reaching people who need it. Arts and cultural organisations working in partnership with health and social care providers have been most successful in reaching vulnerable, isolated, and disadvantaged populations.
3. Hybrid provision of arts and culture is vitally important for reaching more people more often. While some are keen to return to in-person events, and relish the connection and community this catalyses, online provision remains crucial for those with health conditions or vulnerable family members for whom the sense of risk is strong. Arts and cultural organisations are exploring creative means of integrating online and in-person provisions.
4. There is a clear benefit to wellbeing of regular arts/cultural engagement. Those who engaged in arts and culture frequently during lockdown had significantly lower anxiety and depression and higher wellbeing than those who engaged in arts and culture 'never' or 'rarely'. There is also a renewed sense of the power of arts and cultural activity as a source of inspiration, motivation and growth and of its value as a tool for processing the collective trauma of the Covid-19 pandemic.
5. While there is audience demand for and appreciation of digital provision of arts and culture, barriers to online inclusion, such as cost, accessibility, and varying levels of digital literacy are exacerbating the digital divide. Arts/cultural organisations need expert support on platforms and products, safeguarding procedures, and effective staff and audience/beneficiary training.

Recommendations:

1.Support sustainable partnerships between health and arts providers. Building on successful cross-sectoral cooperation between arts and cultural organisations and regional health and social care providers will facilitate wider provision and maximise the value and reach of these services, as well as producing new opportunities for training care staff to deliver interventions.
2.Co-ordinate local initiatives. Arts and cultural organisations need to co-ordinate services and share best practice, pulling together the talents, experience and good will of local initiatives in meeting essential needs so that they can be scaled up and targeted more efficiently.
3.Maintain alternative/hybrid provision of arts and cultural activity. Hybrid offerings are critical both for rebuilding capacity in the creative industries, and for the mental health of the region's population, enabling inclusive accessibility for vulnerable people alongside in-person events that boost community connectedness.
4.Train all stakeholders in digital knowhow. There is an urgent need to evaluate which online arts and cultural services are working, why and for whom they are working, and to provide skilling-up of both workforce and beneficiaries. This is just as essential as the provision of equipment and internet access.
Exploitation Route Our research findings will be of particular interest to academic researchers who have been engaged in AHRC-funded Covid-19 projects. Cooperation with other such projects - engaged in research into the recovery of the creative industries, the role of arts and culture in health and well being, and the value of digital provision of the arts - is already underway, co-ordinated by the Pandemic & Beyond team, and includes joint publication of findings in a forthcoming impact volume and (inter)national dissemination of findings.
Our findings and outputs will also help influence and support arts and cultural organisations, health providers, and policy-makers across both sectors (in the Liverpool City Region and nationally) in the co-ordination of regional initiatives, in supporting sustainable partnerships, and in guiding strategic decision-making in the provision of arts-in-mental-healthcare, including digital provision. They will also be of interest to governmental and public bodies (DCMS and Arts Council England) and third sector stakeholders (National Centre for Creative Health, National Academy for Social Prescribing).
Sectors Creative Economy,Healthcare,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/english/research/featured-research/covid-19-care/
 
Description Our project is achieving impact in three key ways. 1. Direct and ongoing public engagement throughout the project. Our findings have been formally presented at: (i) quarterly meetings with our 15 arts partners and 3 health partners (Feb-Nov 2021) which have doubled as stakeholder consultations in respect of impact activity 3 below; (ii) consultation meetings with local/regional policy-makers (June-Dec 2021), including Liverpool Regeneration Arts Consortium (LARC, comprising ten civic cultural organisations); Creative Organisations of Liverpool (COoL, a collective of 27 arts organisations in the Liverpool City Region); and the Lead Officer for Culture (Liverpool City Region Combined Authority Policy and Strategic Commissioning Directorate). This public engagement has led directly to the impact activity at 3 below. (ii) private policy briefing, for which our project was specifically selected, with Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) (February 2022), including leads on Covid legacy programmes, cultural recovery, heritage and museums, and senior policy advisors and economists. 2. Rapid publication and dissemination of findings as they are produced. We have disseminated our findings widely via: i. Two policy briefs (Heseltine Institute for Public Policy, Practice and Place, April 2021, and Pandemic and Beyond, January 2022) and an open access journal article February 2022 accessible through both our University of Liverpool project webpages and AHRC Pandemic & Beyond webpages. Recommendations from these publications are implemented by impact activity 3 below. ii. A podcast, Arts, Culture and Mental Health, May 2021, produced by the AHRC Pandemic & Beyond Team. iii. Regular blogs in respect of our findings and a Twitter account @COVID_19CARE. This communication strategy is currently being scaled up nationally as part of Pandemic & Beyond's 12-week media campaign (February to May 2022) and UKRI's communications marking the 2nd anniversary of the first UK lockdown (on 23 March), for which our project was specifically selected, to 'highlight the fantastic publicly-funded projects making a real difference locally, nationally and globally'. 3.Responsively agile in respect of partner and policy needs. We made an original commitment to produce (as one project output) an accessible record of best practice in digital innovation by local arts and cultural organisations in the Liverpool City Region. This has evolved through wide and deep consultation with relevant stakeholders (see 1 above), and with additional funds secured competitively from Research England funding via University of Liverpool (Feb-Jul 2022), into the co-creation (with our 15 arts and 3 health partners and our policy partner, Lead Officer for Culture) of an interactive digital resource of best practice in arts and mental health in the Liverpool City Region. The reconceptualisation of this resource, LivCARE: (i) Responds to the needs of: our arts and cultural partners, both as a legacy 'exhibition', showcasing what has been achieved in the most challenging times and a register of what works to guide future planning and partnerships; policy partners (LCR Combined Authority Culture policy team), as an intelligence tool regarding sustainable best practice in arts in mental health, and mapping gaps in provision; health/social care partners, as a social prescribing tool for link workers to refer service-users to arts/cultural activities. It will also meet the needs of service-users, as a self-referral tool to manage their own arts/cultural engagement via an accessible resource. (ii) Builds on our project findings that: digital provision of arts/culture have been essential ('a lifeline') in addressing social isolation during lockdown, making the arts accessible to new populations at risk of mental health issues; those who accessed arts/culture during lockdown had significantly higher levels of wellbeing; there is a strong appetite among vulnerable people for continued digital provision; arts organisations which worked closely with health partners had most success in reaching vulnerable people. (iii) Implements two clear recommendations offered in our policy briefs (see 2 above). (1) the need to co-ordinate local initiatives and (2) the need to support sustainable partnerships, in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of cross-sectoral decision-making around mental health by service providers and service-users. This is the more pressing given that, even before the pandemic, Liverpool City Region had some of the poorest mental health outcomes in UK and since the 2020 lockdown, NW England has seen the highest concentrations of adults seeking mental health services nationally. 'A high prevalence of mental health disorders' has been cited as one of the complex health and wellbeing challenges the region faces as a result of coronavirus ('Case for the Liverpool City Region', Liverpool City Region Combined Authority, 2020). (iv) Addresses the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority policy goals as detailed in the Combined Authority's (LCRCA) Building Back Better economic recovery plan, especially the commitment to working in cross-sectoral partnership 'to co-design and co-fund an integrated recovery programme across the domains of employment, skills, health and inequality' (LCRCA, 2020), and LCR's Culture and Creativity 30 Year Strategy goal of investing in culture as a 'catalyst' to achieve positive outcomes in wellbeing, health, and inclusivity (LCRCA, 2021). (v)Has potential for national scale-up. At regional level, LivCARE can contribute to recovery from the Covid-19 crisis and the building of a more resilient future by bringing together for mutual cooperation and impact two areas of regional life which have been most severely affected by Covid-19: the arts and cultural sector, on the one hand, and the mental health of the region's population, as well as the burden on their care providers, on the other. LivCARE will at the same time offer a prototype for replication and scale-up nationally. Continuous assessment of the efficacy and impact of the digital resource for all stakeholders is built into its co-creation and future scale-up projects will have potential to incorporate robust evaluation and thus strengthen further the significant impact potential of this initiative.
First Year Of Impact 2021
Sector Creative Economy,Healthcare,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Graduate Research Internship Scheme
Amount £1,600 (GBP)
Organisation University of Liverpool 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2021 
End 09/2021
 
Description Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund, University of Liverpool
Amount £35,800 (GBP)
Organisation Higher Education Innovation Funding (HEIF) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2022 
End 07/2022
 
Description Policy and Participatory Support Fund, University of Liverpool
Amount £13,530 (GBP)
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Department Research England
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2022 
End 03/2022
 
Description Research Development Initiative Fund
Amount £2,680 (GBP)
Organisation University of Liverpool 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2022 
End 04/2022
 
Description University of Liverpool School of the Arts Research Development/Partnership Fund
Amount £11,830 (GBP)
Organisation University of Liverpool 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2020 
End 04/2021
 
Description Bluecoat 
Organisation The Bluecoat
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022); (ii) partnership on Research England funded project via University of Liverpool's Policy and Participatory Research Support Fund (Jan-Mar 2022), evaluating the return to in-person arts activities as part of NHS integrated care. The partnership has been influential in the success of both funding bids.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Brazuka 
Organisation BrazUKa
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. In the longer-term, we will share with our partner the digital resource showcasing best practice in arts/culture in mental health in the Liverpool City region (funded by HEIF, Feb-Jul 2022), as well as our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Choir with No Name 
Organisation Choir With No Name
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022). The partnership has been influential in the success of this funding bid; (ii) sharing of our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collective Encounters 
Organisation Collective Encounters
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working in with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022). The partnership has been influential in the success of this funding bid; (ii) sharing of our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description DaDaFest 
Organisation DaDafest
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. In the longer-term, we will share with our partner the digital resource showcasing best practice in arts/culture in mental health in the Liverpool City region (funded by HEIF, Feb-Jul 2022), as well as our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description FACT 
Organisation Foundation for Art and Creative Technology (FACT)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitive).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working in with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been i) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and ii) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. In the longer-term, we will share with our partner the digital resource showcasing best practice in arts/culture in mental health in the Liverpool City region (funded by HEIF, Feb-Jul 2022), as well as our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Lead Officer for Culture, Liverpool City Region Combined Authority Policy and Strategic Commissioning Directorate 
Organisation Liverpool City Region Combined Authority
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We brought to the Lead Officer for Culture at Liverpool City Region Combined Authority our idea for a database of best practice in regional arts and mental health for use by multiple stakeholders (policy-makers, arts practitioners, health care providers, service-users) and invited the Lead Officer to become a member of our advisory board and to attend stakeholder/consultation meetings with our 15 arts/cultural partners, health partners and academic team/network. The concept and design for the digital resource was shaped and developed over the course of six months, taking fully into account our Liverpool City Region partner input and strategic advice in relation to future regional policy.
Collaborator Contribution Our partner, the Lead Officer for Culture, has strategic responsibility for managing the implementation of the Liverpool City Region Culture & Creativity Strategy, supporting and strengthening the role of culture and creativity as core drivers for the success of the City Region. In this capacity, and as a member of the Advisory Board of the research project, the Lead Officer for Culture has helped to accelerate and direct the development of a key output of the project, a digital resource of best practice in arts and mental health in the Liverpool City Region. Through attending stakeholder consultation meetings on the cross-sectoral digital resource for multiple users, our partner directly influenced the design by identifying the potential policy-making value of the resource as a means to highlight good practice in respect of arts in mental health which might otherwise go unnoticed by the Combined Authority. Our partner also provided strategic links to i) other key partners within Liverpool City Region's culture sector including Liverpool Arts Regeneration Consortium (LARC*, comprising ten civic/city centre organisations) and Creative Organisation of Liverpool (COoL**, a collective of 27 arts organisations in the LCR) ii) policy-making bodies including the Liverpool City Region Mayoral Office and the regional All Party Parliamentary Group on Health and Wellbeing. Our partner's contribution is valuable to the morale and momentum of the project and critical to realising the project's potential for regional scale-up and influence in respect of LCRCA policy-planning.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural, health and policy sectors. The partnership resulted in a successful bid for Research England/HEIF funding via University of Liverpool Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (£35,800.25), Feb-Jul 2022, to co-create a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE. The partnership was critical to the success of this funding bid.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Liverpool Everyman & Playhouse 
Organisation The Everyman and Playhouse Theatres
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022); (ii) partnership on Research England funded project via University of Liverpool's Policy and Participatory Research Support Fund (Jan-Mar 2022), evaluating the return to in-person arts activities as part of NHS integrated care. The partnership has been influential in the success of both funding bids.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Liverpool NHS Clinical Commissioning Group 
Organisation NHS Liverpool CCG
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative)
Collaborator Contribution Expert knowledge, adult mental health; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. In the longer-term, we will share with our partner the digital resource showcasing best practice in arts/culture in mental health in the Liverpool City region (funded by HEIF, Feb-Jul 2022), as well as our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Mersey Care NHS Trust 
Organisation Mersey Care NHS Foundation Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Expert knowledge re adult mental health and use of the arts in mental health; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022); (ii) partnership on Research England funded project via University of Liverpool's Policy and Participatory Research Support Fund (Jan-Mar 2022), evaluating the return to in-person arts activities as part of NHS integrated care. The partnership has been critical to the success of both funding bids.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Merseyside Dance Initiative 
Organisation Merseyside Dance Initiative (MDI)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative) and development (ongoing) of digital resource of best practice in arts and mental health in the Liverpool City Region.
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation; co-creation of a digital resource of best practice in arts and mental health.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been i) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and ii) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is currently being formalised via an interactive database (see below). The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022); (ii) sharing of our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Metal 
Organisation Metal
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. In the longer term, we will share with our partner the digital resource showcasing best practice in arts/culture in mental health in the Liverpool City region (funded by HEIF, Feb-Jul 2022), as well as our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Movema 
Organisation Movema
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022); (ii) partnership on Research England funded project via University of Liverpool's Policy and Participatory Research Support Fund (Jan-Mar 2022), evaluating the return to in-person arts activities as part of NHS integrated care. The partnership has been influential in the success of both funding bids.
Start Year 2020
 
Description National Museums Liverpool 
Organisation National Museums Liverpool
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been i) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and ii) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022). The partnership has been influential in the success of this funding bid; (ii) sharing of our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Open Eye Gallery 
Organisation Open Eye Gallery
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022). The partnership has been influential in the success of both funding bids; (ii) sharing of our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Royal Liverpool Broadgreen University Hospital NHS Trusts 
Organisation Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Expert knowledge re adult mental health and use of the arts in mental health. Stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. In the longer-term, we will share with our partner the digital resource showcasing best practice in arts/culture in mental health in the Liverpool City region (funded by HEIF, Feb-Jul 2022), as well as our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra 
Organisation Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022); (ii) partnership on Research England funded project via University of Liverpool's Policy and Participatory Research Support Fund (Jan-Mar 2022), evaluating the return to in-person arts activities as part of NHS integrated care. The partnership has been influential in the success of both funding bids.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Tate Liverpool 
Organisation Tate
Department Tate Liverpool
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022). The partnership has been influential in the success of this funding bid; (ii) sharing of our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description The Reader 
Organisation The Reader
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. The longer term outcomes include: (i) co-creation of a digital resource for multiple cross-sectoral users, LivCARE, for which the project team have now received funding from Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) via University of Liverpool's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund (Feb-July 2022); (ii) partnership on Research England funded project via University of Liverpool's Policy and Participatory Research Support Fund (Jan-Mar 2022), evaluating the return to in-person arts activities as part of NHS integrated care. The partnership has been influential in the success of both funding bids.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Writing on the Wall 
Organisation Writing on the Wall Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research expertise (qualitative and quantitative).
Collaborator Contribution Contribution of data; access to study participants; stakeholder consultation.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary. Academic disciplines Arts (English and Communications) and Mental Health (Psychology) are working with external partners from the regional arts/cultural and health sectors. The immediate outcome from this collaboration has been 1) the research team's sharing of initial findings with the partner (see public engagement) and 2) the partner's sharing of experiences of arts/cultural provision as a result of Covid-19, and/or the perceived impact on mental health of reduced/changed provision during lockdown, with other arts/cultural and health partners (see public engagement), which sharing is to be formalised via an interactive database. In the longer-term, we will share with our partner the digital resource showcasing best practice in arts/culture in mental health in the Liverpool City region (funded by HEIF, Feb-Jul 2022), as well as our findings from our evaluative study of the impact on mental health of the return to in-person arts/cultural activities within integrated NHS care.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Arts, Culture and Mental Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The podcast involved Josie Billington (University of Liverpool and PI on Covid-19 CARE), and two of our arts/cultural partners on the project, Lucy Geddes (Royal Liverpool Philharmonic) and Helen Wilson (The Reader), being interviewed by Pascale Aebischer (AHRC Pandemic & Beyond, University of Exeter) about the impact of restricted access to arts and culture during Covid-19 on mental health in the Liverpool City Region (LCR). We discussed the project's research findings on the impact of restricted access to culture and mental health in the LCR as a result of the Covid-19 crisis, and Lucy Geddes and Helen Wilson spoke of their experiences of providing arts to communities within Liverpool during the pandemic. The podcast is now available on our Covid-19 CARE webpages and on the Pandemic & Beyond policy webpages, together with our two published policy briefs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://pandemicandbeyond.exeter.ac.uk/media/podcasts/
 
Description Presentation to Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Private policy briefing, organised by the Pandemic & Beyond co-ordinating team for AHRC Covid-19 projects, for which our project was specifically selected, with Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) (February 2022). Attendees included leads on Covid legacy programmes, cultural recovery, heritage and museums, and senior policy advisors and economists. As the event was very recent, any impact arising from this engagement activity is yet to be confirmed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Presentation to Hamwe International Festival (organised by University Of Global Health And Equity) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Taking place in Kigali in November 2021, this annual festival (initiated in 2019 and organised by University of Global Health Equity), brings the health sector together with creative industries and this year addressed the impact of Covid-19 on global health and the role of arts, specifically the (mental) health and social changes produced by the pandemic and their impact on inequities. The (hybrid) festival attracted participants from across the globe (artists, academics, community organisers and health professionals). We presented a pre-recorded video presentation of our key findings, inviting feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://mawazowritingafrica.com/east-africa/2021-hamwe-festival-prevails-with-reflection-on-pandemic...
 
Description Presentation to strategic stakeholders/decision-makers re arts and culture in the Liverpool City Region 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In June 2021, supported by our advisory board member (and now partner), Lead Officer for Culture in the Liverpool City Region (LCR), and with strategic decision-makes (Culture Liverpool) also present, we reported our findings to a joint meeting of Liverpool Arts Regeneration Consortium (LARC, comprising ten civic/city centre organisations - Bluecoat, FACT, Biennial, Everyman & Playhouse, Royal Court, NML, RLP, Tate, and Unity) and Creative Organisations of Liverpool (COoL**, a collective of 27 arts organisations in the LCR) to a very warm reception. LARC and COoL are currently looking to strategically blend activities, and a shared arts and mental health agenda has now become part of the conversation as a result. Of particular note and value was the very positive response we received to our concept of a digital resource for use by multiple cross-sectoral stakeholders on best practice in arts and mental health in the LCR. We received funding for this project from University of Liverpool's HEIF funding allocation via UoL's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund in October 2022, the success of which was critically influenced by input from this presentation to key stakeholders and policy decision-makers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Response to Government Office for Science call for evidence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We were encouraged by the AHRC to contribute, via The British Academy, to a Government Office for Science report on the long-term societal effects and impacts of COVID-19, considering the challenges and opportunities in different policy areas which COVID-19 has unearthed, and the timescales needed for addressing them.

We responded with a five-page document, based on very early findings from the project, relating to the priority areas of mental health/wellbeing and communities, culture and belonging, and addressing the cross-cutting themes of social cohesion and inequalities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Stakeholder meetings (three at quarterly intervals) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Between ten and fifteen people (partners, advisory board members, researchers and co-ordinator) gathered to hear presentations on the findings from Waves 1, 2 and 3 of our project respectively (in Feb, Jun and Nov 2022). There was much appreciation both of the two presentations and the forum the event provided for sharing experiences, as well as appetite for continued opportunities of this kind. At each workshop we gathered partners' views on the emphasis of the next wave of the project. For example, at the February workshop/consultation meeting - in view of the near-continuous lockdown situation in the first part of 2021 (which coincided with our Wave 2 surveys) - there was general assent to the idea of broadening the range of interviewees to include arts practitioners in participant recruitment, in order to gather practitioners' perceptions of the impact of Covid-19 on beneficiary mental health as well as on their own. At the June and November workshop/consultation meetings, we discussed at length with partners and the advisory board the concept and design of the digital resource (LivCARE) we are co-creating with partners to foster cooperation between arts/cultural organisations and healthcare providers in addressing the Covid-19 impact on mental health in Liverpool City Region. We received funding for this project from University of Liverpool's HEIF funding allocation via UoL's Partnership Recovery and Resilience Fund in October 2022, the success of which was critically influenced by partner input through these stakeholder meetings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/english/research/featured-research/covid-19-care/news-blog-publications/...
 
Description Website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact We have dedicated webpages for the project, with contact email address, twitter account and, to date, seven blog posts on: the rationale for the project, the first public engagement event, findings from Surveys 1, 2 and 3, our developing database on regional best practice in arts and mental health and a 'one year on' retrospective. The webpages also carry links to our publications (one journal article and two policy briefs) and to a public engagement podcast about the project findings, with partners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/english/research/featured-research/covid-19-care/