THE HISPANIC-ANGLOSPHERE: TRANSNATIONAL NETWORKS AND GLOBAL COMMUNITIES (18TH - 20TH CENTURIES)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Winchester
Department Name: History

Abstract

The Hispanic and Anglo worlds are often portrayed as the Cain and Abel of the Western culture, antagonistic and alien to each other. This project will challenge this view by developing a new critical conceptual framework - the 'Hispanic-Anglosphere' - to study individuals, networks and communities that made of the British Isles a crucial hub for the global Hispanic world and a bridge between Spanish Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas during the late eighteenth to early twentieth centuries, a period marked by the dislocation of global polities, nation-state building and the rise of nationalism.
Direct contact between women and men of the British Isles and those of the Spanish-speaking world increased exponentially from the 1760s. Trade between Britain and Spanish America rose by about 300 to 400 per cent long before South American independence in the 1820s. A good number of companies involved in this trade had branches in different locations of the British Isles, the Americas, the Philippines, in the Canary Islands, and were run by English, Scottish and Irish families based in Spain. Contact further increased in the 1780s with the arrival to these shores of Spanish American revolutionaries. The Napoleonic wars not only took tens of thousands of Britons to fight in Iberia, also encouraged a few to join regular e irregular forces in Spain and later in Spanish America, thus starting a trend of British personal involvement in Hispanic conflicts long before the International Brigades made its name in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39). Many of these expats either died or decided to settle abroad. A few returned home, bringing wives and children, as well as foreign goods, manners and customs which they helped to popularize. Similarly, hundreds of Spanish refugees flocked to the British Isles after the restoration of Bourbon absolutism in 1814, often crossing paths with Spanish American leaders in search for assistance in the delicate business of new-nation state building. Scholars have studied some of these cases, but mainly from national perspectives or in terms of either 'Spanish-British' or 'Latin American-British' relations, often reducing the British experience to the confines of London, thus leaving little room for the study of persons, issues and undertakings that operated in wider areas and both through and beyond national and regional boundaries.
In this project, historians from the UK, Ireland, continental Europe, the Americas and Russia, jointly with scholars from other disciplines and non-academic partners, will study those people who in the British Isles were closely engaged with the Hispanic world, regardless of their birth, religion or political allegiance as well as of those who came from the Hispanic world to any point of the British Isles as visitors, exiles and/or migrants. A key question to be addressed is how these individuals and networks worked with and/or counteracted growing restrictions imposed on the movement of people, ideas, goods and capital.
The network will work in partnership with the National Trust Tyntesfield, the stately home founded by the Madrid-born merchant William Gibbs who built much of his fortune on the importation of Spanish wine and Peruvian guano. Scholarly discussions will be held in the context of the estate's rich collection of material culture with the intention of contributing to improving and extending their interpretation. The project will operate through an online interactive platform that will serve to host scholars' exchanges and to showcase peer-reviewed material generated as a result of the networks' research such as working papers and an online exhibition. Two three-day workshops are planned to take place in Winchester and in NT Tyntesfield. Expert knowledge will be tested and disseminated through discrete scheduled meetings with the general public and through mass and social media, thus encouraging dialogue with wider audiences outside academic circles.

Planned Impact

The network aims to widen and deepen public understandings of the Hispanic-Anglosphere early on in the project by seeking public participation in discussions relating to the use of this term as a new critical conceptual framework for the study of the individuals, networks and communities who made of a British Isles a hub for the global Hispanic world in a period of intense social, cultural and political change (late eighteenth to early twentieth centuries).
It is also hoped that discussions may inform public policy-making in relation to wider topics of increasing political, economic and socio-cultural salience such as social integration, diasporas, the dislocation of global and supranational polities, globalization, nation-building and inter-imperiality by establishing connections between academia, governmental and non-governmental organizations and the public at large.
In this respect, our partnership with the National Trust Tyntesfield is of pivotal importance. During two planned workshops, expert knowledge will be tested and disseminated through discrete scheduled meetings of scholars with the general public and through mass and social media, thus encouraging dialogue with wider audiences outside academic circles. Questions from the public will be either answered on the spot or collected to inform further academic research. This session may be broadcasted through the network's online presence (ex. Webinar) and/or radio and TV stations. Selected extracts will be recorded and disseminated as podcasts through the network's website. Throughout the project, network members will be encouraged to post archival and visual findings, to blog and to use Twitter (using a hashtag that will be common across the two workshops) to raise awareness of our work.
Network members from different disciplines will be asked to engage directly with the National Trust-Tyntesfield's rich collection relating to the Hispanic-Anglosphere (printed, visual and material culture) with a view to produce interpretations that will be showcased on the network's own website as well as in the NT Tyntesfield's webpages which have over a million annual visitors and reach a vast, national and international readership. Material from case studies may be incorporated into learning activities, such as field trips, designed for students at various educational levels.
The network's own website will provide a forum for academic and non-academic discussions as well as host peer-reviewed working papers, an online exhibition and thematic and prosopographical webpages under open access criteria. Findings may also contribute to the updating and enrichment of existing digital scholarly resources which may already offer material relevant to the Hispanic-Anglosphere. Impact in this area will be measured through quantification of specific online hits, downloads and meaningful comments posted online.
The involvement of curators and researchers based at other heritage institutions means that a fresh historical perspective will be extended and deployed in a variety of disciplinary and institutional contexts in matters relating to the interaction of the Bristish Isles with the global Hispanic world.
While seeking the cooperation of selected mass media outlets for engaging the general public in the project, the network will endeavour to build with them a creative relationship that may result in the production of one or more relevant radio programmes and/or TV documentaries based around the concept of the Hispanic-Anglosphere and/or case-studies from a projected multi-authored book.
Impact will be also measured through custom-made feedback forms (online and in paper) during and after workshops, correspondence with non-academic institutions and record of instances of significant presence of the project in mass media outputs (ex. newspaper articles, radio interviews, etc.).

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description This project falls under the category of 'active', but it has already achieved most of its goals.
'The Hispanic-Anglosphere: transnational networks, global communities (late 18th-20th centuries)' is today a thriving international research network that challenges old assumptions of enmity and isolation through the development of a new critical conceptual framework - the 'Hispanic-Anglosphere' - to study individuals, networks and communities that made of the British Isles a crucial hub for the global Hispanic world and a bridge between Spanish Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas in the late eighteenth to the early twentieth centuries. Perhaps not unlike today, that was a period marked by uncertainty, the dislocation of global polities, the rise of nationalism and radicalisms.
Twenty-two historians in the British Isles, continental Europe, the Americas and Russia in association with scholars from other disciplines and non-academic partners operate mainly through an online platform (http://hispanic-anglosphere.com) organized in three open-access areas (Public History, Individuals, Networks and communities) and one restricted area accessible only to network's participants (La Cocina/Kitchen).
Under the rubric 'Individuals' we have so far identified 81 key men and women who operated and/or contributed to the Hispanic-Anglosphere and we are providing new evidence-based and peer-reviewed biographical information. Thirteen profiles have been completed (see outputs), other 23 have been published in advanced form and a further ten have been commissioned.
Under 'Networks and communities' we identified 16 thematic areas relevant to the activities of networks and communities in the Hispanic-Anglosphere: Arts, Education, Exile and Migration, Family and Friends, Landscape & the Environment, Non-for-Profit Organizations (Charity, Philanthropy, Civic Associations, etc), Peace and Diplomacy, Politics, Press, Journalism and the Media, Religion and Philosophy, Science, Medicine and Technology, Sports,Trade and Investment, Translation, Travel and Tourism, War and the Military.
In 'La Cocina/Kitchen' we are exchanging some of the material that resulted in 12 working papers, 10 of which were selected to be included in a multi-authored book edited by the PI and currently under consideration by Routledge.
We also hold regular academic workshops and public events. During the first meeting (3-5 November 2017) participants discussed ways of thinking about the British Isles vis-à-vis the global Hispanic world, offered relevant case studies and sought input (we still do) from the general public. In the months leading to a second workshop (22-24 June 2018), we initiated the systematic identification of Individuals, Networks and Communities with a view to thematically mapping and studying little known instances of entanglement.
The objective of encouraging the interpretation of archival, audio-visual and material evidence and bringing them, and our academic discussions, to a wider audience is being addressed through the rubric 'Public History' that gives access to the database of 3000 volunteers compiled by Prof. Matthew Brown of English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh and other European Adventurers in Gran Colombia (c.1810-c.1830), a guide to the records available in the island of Jersey Archive and the online exhibition 'Exploring the Hispanic-Anglosphere' (containing at the moment nine interactive panels) and a free downloadable 'Hispanic Itinerary' for visitors of our partner, the National Trust Tyntesfield.
Exploitation Route The new conceptual framework of the 'Hispanic-Anglosphere' is gaining currency and being taken forward both within and outside the academic community. The growing number of scholars and non-scholars who are joining the ranks of our network are committed to keep alive our operating online platform (http://hispanic-anglosphere.com) with more biographical profiles, working papers and panels for our online exhibitions, all offering new insights on subjects as diverse as the history and environmental implications of the globalization of commodities such as the alpaca and quinine; struggles around the adoption of the term 'colonies' in Spanish legal language; financial and commercial strategies of British companies operating in the global Hispanic world during periods of political and technological transitions; love, loss and religious strife in transnational contexts; experiments in education and sports, etc.
The network plans to focus on specific 'mega-questions' to be tackled throughout all the 16 recognised thematic areas possibly starting with one under the general banner of 'Radicalism and counter-radicalism in the Hispanic-Anglosphere (late 18th-early 20th centuries)' . We also aim to extend the experience of collaboration in research and knowledge exchange with our partner The National Trust -Tyntesfield to other heritage centres and sites within and outside the British Isles.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Security and Diplomacy,Other

URL http://hispanic-anglosphere.com
 
Description It is early days to say because this project is still 'active', but we can already report with a degree of confidence that the new conceptual framework of the 'Hispanic-Anglosphere' has fostered an increased awareness and understanding of the role played by the British Isles as a crucial hub for the global Hispanic world and a bridge between Spanish Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas in the late eighteenth to the early twentieth centuries both within and outside academia. The concept was the centre of two public events at the National Trust-Tyntesfield, near Bristol (4 November 2017 and 23 June 2018) that brought together scholars from the UK, Spain, Italy, Chile, Argentina, US, Canada and Russia with NT volunteers and the general public. Discussions encouraged a root-and-branch reinterpretation of the Tyntesfield estate and its vast collection - the largest of the National Trust - through a number of initiatives destined to learn more about the Hispanic background of this stately home founded in 1843 by the Madrid-born merchant William Gibbs whose family built much of its fortune on the importation of Spanish wine and fruits, Peruvian guano and the export of Irish linen, Newfounland fish and British manufactures, among other commodities. Activities included a one-day pilot event-exhibition dedicated to the 'Hispanic-Anglosphere in Tyntesfield' (23 June 2018) consisting of a series of 'Hispanic tours' of the house through the use of a 'Hispanic Itineary' map (distributed in print form during the day and also downloadable at https://hispanic-anglosphere.com/public-history/resources/the-hispanic-anglosphere-at-tyntesfield/), tasting of food and drinks from both the global Hispanic and the British Isles and a one-hour talk to launch the permanent online exhibition 'Exploring the Hispanic-Anglosphere' (https://hispanic-anglosphere.com/public-history/online-exhibitions/). Expert advice was provided for the correct identification and interpretation of over twenty objects and a number of items in the library collection of Tyntesfield which are accessible to the visiting public. The entangled origin of the house served as a lighting-rod for wider discussions that generated a number of findings to be published in a multi-authored book containing 10 discrete case-studies, including one about the Hispanic origins of NT Tyntesfield. Material from these case studies and from the network's online platform have been incorporated into learning activities designed for students at undergraduate level [for example, at the University of Winchester: Year 1 course HS1601 Europe and the Americas: change and interchange , Year 2 HS2601: Option A: The Global Hispanic World (1760s-1980s), Year 3 HS3729A: Comparative Study: Borderlands and Commodities in History] and also informed much of an educational Field Trip to Madrid, Segovia and Salamanca (University of Winchester: Year 2 - course HS2502, 21-26th April 2018). We have endeavoured to engage the media in all of our activities and also by responding to their queries. An instance of the latter resulted in the PI's participation in a front-page 'Big Question' debate published by the BBC World Histories magazine under the heading 'Did the Age of Exploration do more harm than good?' ("Graciela Iglesias-Rogers: 'Exploring entails entanglements of all sorts; some are desirable, others not", BBC World Histories, issue 9, April/May 2018, p.17, also available online at: https://www.historyextra.com/period/modern/age-of-exploration-bring-more-harm-than-good-americas-australia-columbus-captain-cook/ ).
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Interview for national press with global reach 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact PI's participation in a front-page 'Big Question' debate published by the BBC World Histories magazine under the heading 'Did the Age of Exploration do more harm than good?' ("Graciela Iglesias-Rogers: 'Exploring entails entanglements of all sorts; some are desirable, others not", BBC World Histories, issue 9, April/May 2018, p.17, also available online at: https://www.historyextra.com/period/modern/age-of-exploration-bring-more-harm-than-good-americas-australia-columbus-captain-cook/ ).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.historyextra.com/period/modern/age-of-exploration-bring-more-harm-than-good-americas-aus...
 
Description One-day pilot event-exhibition 'The Hispanic-Anglosphere in Tyntesfield' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a one-day pilot event-exhibition dedicated to the 'Hispanic-Anglosphere in Tyntesfield' (23 June 2018) consisting of a series of 'Hispanic tours' of the NT Tyntesfield house through the use of a 'Hispanic Itineary' map (distributed in print form during the day, but also downloadable at https://hispanic-anglosphere.com/public-history/resources/the-hispanic-anglosphere-at-tyntesfield/), tasting of food and drinks from both the global Hispanic and Anglo world and a one-hour talk to launch the permanent online exhibition 'Exploring the Hispanic-Anglosphere' (https://hispanic-anglosphere.com/public-history/online-exhibitions/).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://hispanic-anglosphere.com/2018/06/25/successful-launch-of-an-ambitious-pilot-experience/
 
Description Talk and mini-concert to launch 'The Hispanic-Anglosphere online platform' (NT-Tyntesfield) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A two-hour talk and debate at the Sawmill (NT-Tyntesfield, near Bristol, 4 November 2017) to mark the launch of the 'Hispanic-Anglosphere' online plaftform (http://hispanic-anglosphere.com) attended by scholars from the UK, Spain, Italy, Chile, Argentina, US, Canada, Russia, NT volunteers and members of the general public. To celebrate the occasion, Dr Ana Carpintero Fernández, historian and Lecturer in Guitar Studies (Conservatorio Profesional de Música, Zaragoza, Spain) played in an original Fabricatore guitar dating back to 1819 a number of extracts from little-known guitar compositions published in the British Isles by two Spanish composers, including one dedicated to the Scottish Fourth Earl of Fife, a British volunteer in the Spanish Army during the Peninsular War and friend of the South American liberator José de San Martin. An extract is currently available in our online exhibition "Exploring the Hispanic-Anglosphere" (https://hispanic-anglosphere.com/public-history/online-exhibitions/a-sound-friendship-forged-in-war/).The meeting sparked questions and debates about the research agenda of the project which eventually contributed to shape it in a number of ways; it also generated a number of requests for further information about the Hispanic-Anglosphere and offers of assistance in our work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://hispanic-anglosphere.com/events-and-news/