Targeting symptomless pathogen growth to control fungal plant diseases

Lead Research Organisation: Rothamsted Research
Department Name: Plant Biology & Crop Science

Abstract

Symptomless pathogen spread in host tissues is a crucial stage in the development of diseases, including most plant diseases. Better understanding of this symptomless spread is essential to devise effective measures for control of such diseases, whether it be through host resistance or application of fungicide sprays. Phoma stem canker is the most important disease of oilseed rape in the world, including the UK. Whilst the pathogen initially infects the leaves, it then grows symptomlessly down their petioles (stalks) to reach plant stems, where the damaging phase of epidemics occurs. Recent evidence suggests that field (quantitative) resistance to the pathogen operates during the symptomless phase of the disease and that treatment of crops with fungicides when infections are symptomless is crucial to effective disease control. The recent development at Rothamsted of pathogen strains expressing the jellyfish green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) methods to quantify the biomass of the pathogen in symptomless tissues provides a unique opportunity to investigate the symptomless phase of this disease. Furthermore, these methods can be used on host material recently produced by INRA (Rennes, France) that provides greater genetic resolution of the chromosomal regions containing genes contributing to quantitative resistance. This work, supported as an IPA application by DuPont, who have interests in both crop breeding and fungicides, will aim to answer two questions. 1. Is oilseed rape resistance restricting symptomless growth of the phoma stem canker pathogen down the leaf stalk and into the plant stem the key component of field resistance to the disease? 2. Are current fungicides effective against the pathogen (Leptosphaeria maculans) only if applied before the pathogen causes stem symptoms? This will involve four tasks. Task 1 will address question 1 by comparing results obtained in controlled environment (CE) experiments (GFP, qPCR) on resistance to symptomless spread of the pathogen in leaf stalks with data from field experiments (qPCR, stem canker severity assessed by sampling stems before harvest). Task 2 will address question 1 by comparing results obtained in controlled environment (CE) experiments (GFP, qPCR) on resistance to symptomless spread of the pathogen in plant stems with data from field experiments. Thus it should be possible to determine whether the main component of quantitative resistance occurs during growth down the leaf stalk or during colonisation of stem tissues. Task 3 will investigate the genetic control of resistance to symptomless growth of the pathogen in leaf stalks and plant stems, exploiting results of field and controlled environment experiments in relation to existing and new genetic mapping information. Task 4 will address question 2 by examining interactions between fungicide and genetic resistance effects on symptomless pathogen growth in leaf stalks and plant stems. It will involve CE experiments (GFP) with resistant and susceptible lines. Fungicide applications will be made at different times in relation to inoculation (determined by results of task 2) and the effects on symptomless growth in a number of genetically different host lines observed. CE experiments will be complemented by field experiments with a range of fungicide timings. Results of these experiments will be used to identify and characterise the quantitative resistance to L.maculans, so that it can be easily exploited in resistance breeding programmes. They will also enable timing of fungicide applications to be optimised.

Technical Summary

This project will test two hypotheses relating to symptomless growth of plant pathogens in host tissues, using oilseed rape (Brassica napus)/ Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker disease) as a model host/pathogen system. 1. A crucial component of plant QTL-mediated (quantitative, field) resistance operates against symptomless pathogen growth; 2. Effects of crop fungicides on symptomless pathogen growth are crucial to their control of disease; We will determine the contribution of resistance to symptomless growth as a potential component of QTL associated with race non-specific quantitative resistance identified in reference segregating populations, for which near-isogenic lines with or without the QTL are now available. Timing and effects on pathogen extension growth and pathogen biomass of resistance to symptomless spread will be established in controlled environment experiments by use of GFP-labelled pathogen strains and qPCR detection methods, respectively. We will establish the relationship between the CE data on growth of the pathogen and the resistance phenotype in field trials. Refined phenotype assays will be used to resolve the genetic control of quantitative resistance and loci will be resolved by use of additional recombinants from the reference population. Interactions between fungicide (the triazole fluzilazole) and genetic resistance effects on symptomless spread of L. maculans will be determined in controlled environment and field experiments. Results of these experiments will be used to characterise the quantitative resistance to L.maculans, so that it can be easily exploited in resistance breeding programmes, and determine the effects of fungicides more precisely so that timing of application can be optimised.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description 1. Five quantitative trait loci (QTL) for resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans, cause of phoma stem canker, that were stable and operated effectively in different environments in England and France were identified, in collaboration with INRA Rennes. Markers linked to these QTL will enable them to be used in oilseed rape breeding programmes as a component of durable disease resistance.
2. Through the close collaboration with R. Delourme (INRA Rennes), this project contributed to generation of a high density integrated linkage map for oilseed rape (BnaWAIT) within the BBSRC Brassica genome sequencing project.
3. This project has provided new knowledge about quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans that will be exploited in a new BBSRC LINK project entitled 'Understanding resistance to decrease risk of severe phoma stem canker on oilseed rape'. This project, with additional funding from HGCA and agricultural trusts, involves a consortium of 16 partners, including plant breeders and farmers to enable effective knowledge transfer for exploitation for the industry to contribute to global food security
Exploitation Route This project involved close collaboration with DuPont, who stated: 'DuPont has a significant position in the UK oilseed rape fungicide market with a range of products targeting phoma leaf spot leading to a reduction in stem canker. DuPont is also developing new products aimed at this pathogen target and it is therefore essential to better understand the pathogen in order to create improved control strategies. This project has provided valuable information regarding the symptomless growth of the pathogen which allows a better understanding of the interaction between chemical applications and the pathogen. An improved understanding of the relative development and importance of L. maculans and L. biglobosa may also impact the choice and/or timing of control strategies. From research such as this methods for helping farmers better understand the scale and timing of disease threats may also be developed which, in combination with improved control strategies, will significantly improve yields and productivity.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

 
Description Five quantitative trait loci (QTL) for resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans, cause of phoma stem canker, that were stable and operated effectively in different environments in England and France were identified, in collaboration with INRA Rennes. Markers linked to these QTL were identified and will enable them to be used in oilseed rape breeding programmes as a component of durable disease resistance
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Analysis of early resistance against oilseed rape pathogens 
Organisation John Innes Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Uh is a partner in a project led by John Innes Centre, with partners in Germany (univ Goettingen, KWS), Poland (University Lodz), Denmark(Copenhagen Univ), Netherlands (Wageningen). UH is involved in field and controlled environment experiments studying early stage resistance of brassicas against pathogens causing phoma stem canker and light leaf spot.
Collaborator Contribution Oilseed rape (OSR, Brassica napus L.) is a major crop grown worldwide for production of edible and industrial oil, biodiesel and protein containing animal feed. Diseases are a major factor limiting production, a threat increasing due to climate change and the imminent withdrawal of agrochemicals in Europe. Improved disease control is an urgent priority and for this breeders are increasingly using quantitative disease resistance (QDR) which is considered broad-spectrum and durable. the consortium is identifying and characterising QDR to the most important pathogens of OSR: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Verticillium spp, Leptosphaeria maculans, Alternaria brassicicola, Pyrenopeziza brassicae, and the model pathogens Pseudomonas syringae and Botrytis cinerea. We are using a panel of 192 diverse OSR cultivars to screen for resistance against these pathogens in controlled environments and at field trial sites provided by our industrial partner, KWS. We are also quantifying induced defence responses to conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and measuring salicylic acid, lignin, phenylpropanoid, glucosinolate and indole metabolites that are implicated in QDR mechanisms. By combining this data with transcribed sequence information, we are identifying candidate genes involved with defence responses and QDR to the OSR pathogens. We are also studying specific transporter genes GTR1 and GTR2 that control the allocation of glucosinolates to seeds and may impact on QDR.
Impact Mitrousia GK, Fell H, Gibbard C, Ridout CJ, Schoonbeek HJ, Stotz HU, Fitt BDL (2017) Potential identification of novel sources of resistance to pathogens in a Brassica diversity panel. Crop Production in Southern Britain. Aspects of Applied Biology 134, 213-219. Mitrousia G, Huang YJ, Noel K, Stotz H, Larkan N, Borhan H, Fitt B (2016) Effects of increased temperature on B. napus resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 93.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Analysis of early resistance against oilseed rape pathogens 
Organisation KWS Group
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Uh is a partner in a project led by John Innes Centre, with partners in Germany (univ Goettingen, KWS), Poland (University Lodz), Denmark(Copenhagen Univ), Netherlands (Wageningen). UH is involved in field and controlled environment experiments studying early stage resistance of brassicas against pathogens causing phoma stem canker and light leaf spot.
Collaborator Contribution Oilseed rape (OSR, Brassica napus L.) is a major crop grown worldwide for production of edible and industrial oil, biodiesel and protein containing animal feed. Diseases are a major factor limiting production, a threat increasing due to climate change and the imminent withdrawal of agrochemicals in Europe. Improved disease control is an urgent priority and for this breeders are increasingly using quantitative disease resistance (QDR) which is considered broad-spectrum and durable. the consortium is identifying and characterising QDR to the most important pathogens of OSR: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Verticillium spp, Leptosphaeria maculans, Alternaria brassicicola, Pyrenopeziza brassicae, and the model pathogens Pseudomonas syringae and Botrytis cinerea. We are using a panel of 192 diverse OSR cultivars to screen for resistance against these pathogens in controlled environments and at field trial sites provided by our industrial partner, KWS. We are also quantifying induced defence responses to conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and measuring salicylic acid, lignin, phenylpropanoid, glucosinolate and indole metabolites that are implicated in QDR mechanisms. By combining this data with transcribed sequence information, we are identifying candidate genes involved with defence responses and QDR to the OSR pathogens. We are also studying specific transporter genes GTR1 and GTR2 that control the allocation of glucosinolates to seeds and may impact on QDR.
Impact Mitrousia GK, Fell H, Gibbard C, Ridout CJ, Schoonbeek HJ, Stotz HU, Fitt BDL (2017) Potential identification of novel sources of resistance to pathogens in a Brassica diversity panel. Crop Production in Southern Britain. Aspects of Applied Biology 134, 213-219. Mitrousia G, Huang YJ, Noel K, Stotz H, Larkan N, Borhan H, Fitt B (2016) Effects of increased temperature on B. napus resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 93.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Analysis of early resistance against oilseed rape pathogens 
Organisation University of Copenhagen
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Uh is a partner in a project led by John Innes Centre, with partners in Germany (univ Goettingen, KWS), Poland (University Lodz), Denmark(Copenhagen Univ), Netherlands (Wageningen). UH is involved in field and controlled environment experiments studying early stage resistance of brassicas against pathogens causing phoma stem canker and light leaf spot.
Collaborator Contribution Oilseed rape (OSR, Brassica napus L.) is a major crop grown worldwide for production of edible and industrial oil, biodiesel and protein containing animal feed. Diseases are a major factor limiting production, a threat increasing due to climate change and the imminent withdrawal of agrochemicals in Europe. Improved disease control is an urgent priority and for this breeders are increasingly using quantitative disease resistance (QDR) which is considered broad-spectrum and durable. the consortium is identifying and characterising QDR to the most important pathogens of OSR: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Verticillium spp, Leptosphaeria maculans, Alternaria brassicicola, Pyrenopeziza brassicae, and the model pathogens Pseudomonas syringae and Botrytis cinerea. We are using a panel of 192 diverse OSR cultivars to screen for resistance against these pathogens in controlled environments and at field trial sites provided by our industrial partner, KWS. We are also quantifying induced defence responses to conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and measuring salicylic acid, lignin, phenylpropanoid, glucosinolate and indole metabolites that are implicated in QDR mechanisms. By combining this data with transcribed sequence information, we are identifying candidate genes involved with defence responses and QDR to the OSR pathogens. We are also studying specific transporter genes GTR1 and GTR2 that control the allocation of glucosinolates to seeds and may impact on QDR.
Impact Mitrousia GK, Fell H, Gibbard C, Ridout CJ, Schoonbeek HJ, Stotz HU, Fitt BDL (2017) Potential identification of novel sources of resistance to pathogens in a Brassica diversity panel. Crop Production in Southern Britain. Aspects of Applied Biology 134, 213-219. Mitrousia G, Huang YJ, Noel K, Stotz H, Larkan N, Borhan H, Fitt B (2016) Effects of increased temperature on B. napus resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 93.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Analysis of early resistance against oilseed rape pathogens 
Organisation University of Göttingen
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Uh is a partner in a project led by John Innes Centre, with partners in Germany (univ Goettingen, KWS), Poland (University Lodz), Denmark(Copenhagen Univ), Netherlands (Wageningen). UH is involved in field and controlled environment experiments studying early stage resistance of brassicas against pathogens causing phoma stem canker and light leaf spot.
Collaborator Contribution Oilseed rape (OSR, Brassica napus L.) is a major crop grown worldwide for production of edible and industrial oil, biodiesel and protein containing animal feed. Diseases are a major factor limiting production, a threat increasing due to climate change and the imminent withdrawal of agrochemicals in Europe. Improved disease control is an urgent priority and for this breeders are increasingly using quantitative disease resistance (QDR) which is considered broad-spectrum and durable. the consortium is identifying and characterising QDR to the most important pathogens of OSR: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Verticillium spp, Leptosphaeria maculans, Alternaria brassicicola, Pyrenopeziza brassicae, and the model pathogens Pseudomonas syringae and Botrytis cinerea. We are using a panel of 192 diverse OSR cultivars to screen for resistance against these pathogens in controlled environments and at field trial sites provided by our industrial partner, KWS. We are also quantifying induced defence responses to conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and measuring salicylic acid, lignin, phenylpropanoid, glucosinolate and indole metabolites that are implicated in QDR mechanisms. By combining this data with transcribed sequence information, we are identifying candidate genes involved with defence responses and QDR to the OSR pathogens. We are also studying specific transporter genes GTR1 and GTR2 that control the allocation of glucosinolates to seeds and may impact on QDR.
Impact Mitrousia GK, Fell H, Gibbard C, Ridout CJ, Schoonbeek HJ, Stotz HU, Fitt BDL (2017) Potential identification of novel sources of resistance to pathogens in a Brassica diversity panel. Crop Production in Southern Britain. Aspects of Applied Biology 134, 213-219. Mitrousia G, Huang YJ, Noel K, Stotz H, Larkan N, Borhan H, Fitt B (2016) Effects of increased temperature on B. napus resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 93.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Analysis of early resistance against oilseed rape pathogens 
Organisation University of Lodz
Country Poland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Uh is a partner in a project led by John Innes Centre, with partners in Germany (univ Goettingen, KWS), Poland (University Lodz), Denmark(Copenhagen Univ), Netherlands (Wageningen). UH is involved in field and controlled environment experiments studying early stage resistance of brassicas against pathogens causing phoma stem canker and light leaf spot.
Collaborator Contribution Oilseed rape (OSR, Brassica napus L.) is a major crop grown worldwide for production of edible and industrial oil, biodiesel and protein containing animal feed. Diseases are a major factor limiting production, a threat increasing due to climate change and the imminent withdrawal of agrochemicals in Europe. Improved disease control is an urgent priority and for this breeders are increasingly using quantitative disease resistance (QDR) which is considered broad-spectrum and durable. the consortium is identifying and characterising QDR to the most important pathogens of OSR: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Verticillium spp, Leptosphaeria maculans, Alternaria brassicicola, Pyrenopeziza brassicae, and the model pathogens Pseudomonas syringae and Botrytis cinerea. We are using a panel of 192 diverse OSR cultivars to screen for resistance against these pathogens in controlled environments and at field trial sites provided by our industrial partner, KWS. We are also quantifying induced defence responses to conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and measuring salicylic acid, lignin, phenylpropanoid, glucosinolate and indole metabolites that are implicated in QDR mechanisms. By combining this data with transcribed sequence information, we are identifying candidate genes involved with defence responses and QDR to the OSR pathogens. We are also studying specific transporter genes GTR1 and GTR2 that control the allocation of glucosinolates to seeds and may impact on QDR.
Impact Mitrousia GK, Fell H, Gibbard C, Ridout CJ, Schoonbeek HJ, Stotz HU, Fitt BDL (2017) Potential identification of novel sources of resistance to pathogens in a Brassica diversity panel. Crop Production in Southern Britain. Aspects of Applied Biology 134, 213-219. Mitrousia G, Huang YJ, Noel K, Stotz H, Larkan N, Borhan H, Fitt B (2016) Effects of increased temperature on B. napus resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 93.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Analysis of early resistance against oilseed rape pathogens 
Organisation University of Wageningen
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Uh is a partner in a project led by John Innes Centre, with partners in Germany (univ Goettingen, KWS), Poland (University Lodz), Denmark(Copenhagen Univ), Netherlands (Wageningen). UH is involved in field and controlled environment experiments studying early stage resistance of brassicas against pathogens causing phoma stem canker and light leaf spot.
Collaborator Contribution Oilseed rape (OSR, Brassica napus L.) is a major crop grown worldwide for production of edible and industrial oil, biodiesel and protein containing animal feed. Diseases are a major factor limiting production, a threat increasing due to climate change and the imminent withdrawal of agrochemicals in Europe. Improved disease control is an urgent priority and for this breeders are increasingly using quantitative disease resistance (QDR) which is considered broad-spectrum and durable. the consortium is identifying and characterising QDR to the most important pathogens of OSR: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Verticillium spp, Leptosphaeria maculans, Alternaria brassicicola, Pyrenopeziza brassicae, and the model pathogens Pseudomonas syringae and Botrytis cinerea. We are using a panel of 192 diverse OSR cultivars to screen for resistance against these pathogens in controlled environments and at field trial sites provided by our industrial partner, KWS. We are also quantifying induced defence responses to conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and measuring salicylic acid, lignin, phenylpropanoid, glucosinolate and indole metabolites that are implicated in QDR mechanisms. By combining this data with transcribed sequence information, we are identifying candidate genes involved with defence responses and QDR to the OSR pathogens. We are also studying specific transporter genes GTR1 and GTR2 that control the allocation of glucosinolates to seeds and may impact on QDR.
Impact Mitrousia GK, Fell H, Gibbard C, Ridout CJ, Schoonbeek HJ, Stotz HU, Fitt BDL (2017) Potential identification of novel sources of resistance to pathogens in a Brassica diversity panel. Crop Production in Southern Britain. Aspects of Applied Biology 134, 213-219. Mitrousia G, Huang YJ, Noel K, Stotz H, Larkan N, Borhan H, Fitt B (2016) Effects of increased temperature on B. napus resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 93.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Fitness cost of virulence 
Organisation French National Institute of Agricultural Research
Department Biology and Management of Risks in Agriculture (BIOGER)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of fitness cost of Leptosphaeria maculans mutatation from avirulent to virulent; assessing pathogen fitness cost of virulence to predict durability of coresponding R gene-mediated resistance.
Collaborator Contribution Dr Thierry Rouxel and Dr Mylène Balesdent provided near isogenic pathogen isolates for studying fitness cost; provided information from the Leptosphaeria maculans genome sequence to understand changes in L. maculans populations from avirulent to virulent (e.g. through gene deletion, repeat-induced-point mutation, etc.).
Impact Two research papers and several national and international conference presentations. Huang YJ, Balesdent MH, Li ZQ, Evans N, Rouxel T, Fitt BDL (2010). Fitness cost of virulence differs between the AvrLm1 and AvrLm4 loci in Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker of oilseed rape). European Journal of Plant Pathology 126, 279-291; Huang YJ, Li ZQ, Evans N, Rouxel T, Fitt BDL, Balesdent MH (2006). Fitness cost associated with loss of the AvrLm4 avirulence function in Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker of oilseed rape). European Journal of Plant Pathology 114, 77-89.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Fungicide control of phoma stem canker 
Organisation ADAS
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of effects of fungicides on control of the two pathogens causing phoma stem canker
Collaborator Contribution Provided fungicides; ran field trials; contributed to planning of experiments; provided knowledge of fungicides.
Impact Two research papers and several national and international conference presentations. Huang YJ, Hood JR, Eckert MR, Stonard JF, Cools HJ, Rossall S, Ashworth M, Fitt BDL (2011). Effects of fungicide on growth of Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa in relation to development of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Plant Pathology 60, 607-620; Eckert MR, Rossall S, Selley A, Fitt BDL (2010). Effects of fungicides on in vitro spore germination and mycelial growth of the phytopathogens Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa (phoma stem canker of oilseed rape). Pest Management Science 66, 396-405.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Fungicide control of phoma stem canker 
Organisation DuPont
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of effects of fungicides on control of the two pathogens causing phoma stem canker
Collaborator Contribution Provided fungicides; ran field trials; contributed to planning of experiments; provided knowledge of fungicides.
Impact Two research papers and several national and international conference presentations. Huang YJ, Hood JR, Eckert MR, Stonard JF, Cools HJ, Rossall S, Ashworth M, Fitt BDL (2011). Effects of fungicide on growth of Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa in relation to development of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Plant Pathology 60, 607-620; Eckert MR, Rossall S, Selley A, Fitt BDL (2010). Effects of fungicides on in vitro spore germination and mycelial growth of the phytopathogens Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa (phoma stem canker of oilseed rape). Pest Management Science 66, 396-405.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Fungicide control of phoma stem canker 
Organisation Felix Cobbold Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of effects of fungicides on control of the two pathogens causing phoma stem canker
Collaborator Contribution Provided fungicides; ran field trials; contributed to planning of experiments; provided knowledge of fungicides.
Impact Two research papers and several national and international conference presentations. Huang YJ, Hood JR, Eckert MR, Stonard JF, Cools HJ, Rossall S, Ashworth M, Fitt BDL (2011). Effects of fungicide on growth of Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa in relation to development of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Plant Pathology 60, 607-620; Eckert MR, Rossall S, Selley A, Fitt BDL (2010). Effects of fungicides on in vitro spore germination and mycelial growth of the phytopathogens Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa (phoma stem canker of oilseed rape). Pest Management Science 66, 396-405.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Fungicide control of phoma stem canker 
Organisation Perry Foundation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of effects of fungicides on control of the two pathogens causing phoma stem canker
Collaborator Contribution Provided fungicides; ran field trials; contributed to planning of experiments; provided knowledge of fungicides.
Impact Two research papers and several national and international conference presentations. Huang YJ, Hood JR, Eckert MR, Stonard JF, Cools HJ, Rossall S, Ashworth M, Fitt BDL (2011). Effects of fungicide on growth of Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa in relation to development of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Plant Pathology 60, 607-620; Eckert MR, Rossall S, Selley A, Fitt BDL (2010). Effects of fungicides on in vitro spore germination and mycelial growth of the phytopathogens Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa (phoma stem canker of oilseed rape). Pest Management Science 66, 396-405.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Integrated control of Leptosphaeria pathogens on UK oilseed rape 
Organisation DuPont
Department DuPont (UK) Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Phoma stem canker is a major disease of oilseed rape in the UK, causing yield losses > £100M p.a. The disease is caused by two related pathogens that attack in different ways: Leptosphaeria maculans (Lm) and L. biglobosa (Lb). Current control focuses only on Lm. Recent work showed that Lb can cause substantial yield losses and is less sensitive to some triazole fungicides than Lm. The pathogen Lb is a growing threat to UK oilseed rape production since no existing methods control it. This project will investigate stem canker epidemics caused by Lb and develop new tools/strategies to control them. To achieve this, we will (1) survey severity of phoma stem canker epidemics caused by Lb; (2) exploit new oilseed rape genomic data to identify genes for resistance against Lb; (3) determine efficacy of new non-triazole fungicides for control of both Lb and Lm; and (4) use Lb genomic information to investigate mechanisms of fungicide insensitivity in Lb; (5) develop new integrated control strategies.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are involved in field trials and consortium meetings
Impact Huang YJ, Cai X, Karandeni-Dewage CS, Gajula LH, Javaid A, Li GQ, Fitt BDL (2016). Understanding phoma stem canker epidemics caused by Leptosphaeria biglobosa in the UK and China. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 43. Javaid A, Gajula H, Fitt BDL, Huang YJ (2017) Investigating the risk of severe phoma stem canker caused by Leptosphaeria biglobosa on winter oilseed rape in UK. Crop Production in Southern Britain. Aspects of Applied Biology 134, 53-57.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Integrated control of Leptosphaeria pathogens on UK oilseed rape 
Organisation Hutchinson H L Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Phoma stem canker is a major disease of oilseed rape in the UK, causing yield losses > £100M p.a. The disease is caused by two related pathogens that attack in different ways: Leptosphaeria maculans (Lm) and L. biglobosa (Lb). Current control focuses only on Lm. Recent work showed that Lb can cause substantial yield losses and is less sensitive to some triazole fungicides than Lm. The pathogen Lb is a growing threat to UK oilseed rape production since no existing methods control it. This project will investigate stem canker epidemics caused by Lb and develop new tools/strategies to control them. To achieve this, we will (1) survey severity of phoma stem canker epidemics caused by Lb; (2) exploit new oilseed rape genomic data to identify genes for resistance against Lb; (3) determine efficacy of new non-triazole fungicides for control of both Lb and Lm; and (4) use Lb genomic information to investigate mechanisms of fungicide insensitivity in Lb; (5) develop new integrated control strategies.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are involved in field trials and consortium meetings
Impact Huang YJ, Cai X, Karandeni-Dewage CS, Gajula LH, Javaid A, Li GQ, Fitt BDL (2016). Understanding phoma stem canker epidemics caused by Leptosphaeria biglobosa in the UK and China. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 43. Javaid A, Gajula H, Fitt BDL, Huang YJ (2017) Investigating the risk of severe phoma stem canker caused by Leptosphaeria biglobosa on winter oilseed rape in UK. Crop Production in Southern Britain. Aspects of Applied Biology 134, 53-57.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Integrated control of Leptosphaeria pathogens on UK oilseed rape 
Organisation Syntec Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Phoma stem canker is a major disease of oilseed rape in the UK, causing yield losses > £100M p.a. The disease is caused by two related pathogens that attack in different ways: Leptosphaeria maculans (Lm) and L. biglobosa (Lb). Current control focuses only on Lm. Recent work showed that Lb can cause substantial yield losses and is less sensitive to some triazole fungicides than Lm. The pathogen Lb is a growing threat to UK oilseed rape production since no existing methods control it. This project will investigate stem canker epidemics caused by Lb and develop new tools/strategies to control them. To achieve this, we will (1) survey severity of phoma stem canker epidemics caused by Lb; (2) exploit new oilseed rape genomic data to identify genes for resistance against Lb; (3) determine efficacy of new non-triazole fungicides for control of both Lb and Lm; and (4) use Lb genomic information to investigate mechanisms of fungicide insensitivity in Lb; (5) develop new integrated control strategies.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are involved in field trials and consortium meetings
Impact Huang YJ, Cai X, Karandeni-Dewage CS, Gajula LH, Javaid A, Li GQ, Fitt BDL (2016). Understanding phoma stem canker epidemics caused by Leptosphaeria biglobosa in the UK and China. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 43. Javaid A, Gajula H, Fitt BDL, Huang YJ (2017) Investigating the risk of severe phoma stem canker caused by Leptosphaeria biglobosa on winter oilseed rape in UK. Crop Production in Southern Britain. Aspects of Applied Biology 134, 53-57.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Mechanisms of resistance against apoplastic pathogens 
Organisation University of Wageningen
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of mechanisms of crop resistance against apoplastic pathogens
Collaborator Contribution Prof Pierre de Wit from the University of Wageningen contributed to the initiation of the research and writing up the research paper.
Impact Publication of an opinion article. Stotz HU, Mitrousia GK, de Wit, PJGM, Fitt BDL (2014). Effector-triggered defence against apoplastic fungal pathogens. Trends in Plant Science 19, 491-500. Presentation of the work at international conferences: 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece; the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland
Start Year 2013
 
Description Prevent spread of Leptoshphaeria maculans into China 
Organisation Alberta Innovates Technology Futures
Country Canada 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Modelled the potential spread of the aggressive Leptosphaeria maculans from imported affected oilseed rape seeds in spring and winter oilseed rape area; developed strategies to prevent the spread of L. maculans into China.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided data on disease survey in China and Canda; provided the data on detection of Leptoosphaeria maculans in imported oilseed rape seeds.
Impact Two research papers published. Zhang X, White RP, Demir E, Jedryczka M, Lange RM, Islam M, Li ZQ, Huang YJ, Hall AM, Zhou G, Wang Z, Cai X, Skelsey P, Fitt BDL (2014). Leptosphaeria spp., phoma stem canker and potential spread of L. maculans on oilseed rape crops in China. Plant Pathology 63, 598-612 (Doi: 10.1111/ppa.12146); Fitt BDL, Hu BC, Li ZQ, Liu SY, Lange RM, Kharbanda PD, Butterworth MH, White RP (2008). Strategies to prevent spread of Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) onto oilseed rape crops in China; costs and benefits. Plant Pathology 57, 652-664.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Prevent spread of Leptoshphaeria maculans into China 
Organisation Huazhong Agricultural University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Modelled the potential spread of the aggressive Leptosphaeria maculans from imported affected oilseed rape seeds in spring and winter oilseed rape area; developed strategies to prevent the spread of L. maculans into China.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided data on disease survey in China and Canda; provided the data on detection of Leptoosphaeria maculans in imported oilseed rape seeds.
Impact Two research papers published. Zhang X, White RP, Demir E, Jedryczka M, Lange RM, Islam M, Li ZQ, Huang YJ, Hall AM, Zhou G, Wang Z, Cai X, Skelsey P, Fitt BDL (2014). Leptosphaeria spp., phoma stem canker and potential spread of L. maculans on oilseed rape crops in China. Plant Pathology 63, 598-612 (Doi: 10.1111/ppa.12146); Fitt BDL, Hu BC, Li ZQ, Liu SY, Lange RM, Kharbanda PD, Butterworth MH, White RP (2008). Strategies to prevent spread of Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) onto oilseed rape crops in China; costs and benefits. Plant Pathology 57, 652-664.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Prevent spread of Leptoshphaeria maculans into China 
Organisation Hubei Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Modelled the potential spread of the aggressive Leptosphaeria maculans from imported affected oilseed rape seeds in spring and winter oilseed rape area; developed strategies to prevent the spread of L. maculans into China.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided data on disease survey in China and Canda; provided the data on detection of Leptoosphaeria maculans in imported oilseed rape seeds.
Impact Two research papers published. Zhang X, White RP, Demir E, Jedryczka M, Lange RM, Islam M, Li ZQ, Huang YJ, Hall AM, Zhou G, Wang Z, Cai X, Skelsey P, Fitt BDL (2014). Leptosphaeria spp., phoma stem canker and potential spread of L. maculans on oilseed rape crops in China. Plant Pathology 63, 598-612 (Doi: 10.1111/ppa.12146); Fitt BDL, Hu BC, Li ZQ, Liu SY, Lange RM, Kharbanda PD, Butterworth MH, White RP (2008). Strategies to prevent spread of Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) onto oilseed rape crops in China; costs and benefits. Plant Pathology 57, 652-664.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Prevent spread of Leptoshphaeria maculans into China 
Organisation Inner Mongolia Academy of Agricultural & Animal Husbandry Sciences
Country Mongolia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Modelled the potential spread of the aggressive Leptosphaeria maculans from imported affected oilseed rape seeds in spring and winter oilseed rape area; developed strategies to prevent the spread of L. maculans into China.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided data on disease survey in China and Canda; provided the data on detection of Leptoosphaeria maculans in imported oilseed rape seeds.
Impact Two research papers published. Zhang X, White RP, Demir E, Jedryczka M, Lange RM, Islam M, Li ZQ, Huang YJ, Hall AM, Zhou G, Wang Z, Cai X, Skelsey P, Fitt BDL (2014). Leptosphaeria spp., phoma stem canker and potential spread of L. maculans on oilseed rape crops in China. Plant Pathology 63, 598-612 (Doi: 10.1111/ppa.12146); Fitt BDL, Hu BC, Li ZQ, Liu SY, Lange RM, Kharbanda PD, Butterworth MH, White RP (2008). Strategies to prevent spread of Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) onto oilseed rape crops in China; costs and benefits. Plant Pathology 57, 652-664.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Prevent spread of Leptoshphaeria maculans into China 
Organisation Polish Academy of Sciences
Country Poland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Modelled the potential spread of the aggressive Leptosphaeria maculans from imported affected oilseed rape seeds in spring and winter oilseed rape area; developed strategies to prevent the spread of L. maculans into China.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided data on disease survey in China and Canda; provided the data on detection of Leptoosphaeria maculans in imported oilseed rape seeds.
Impact Two research papers published. Zhang X, White RP, Demir E, Jedryczka M, Lange RM, Islam M, Li ZQ, Huang YJ, Hall AM, Zhou G, Wang Z, Cai X, Skelsey P, Fitt BDL (2014). Leptosphaeria spp., phoma stem canker and potential spread of L. maculans on oilseed rape crops in China. Plant Pathology 63, 598-612 (Doi: 10.1111/ppa.12146); Fitt BDL, Hu BC, Li ZQ, Liu SY, Lange RM, Kharbanda PD, Butterworth MH, White RP (2008). Strategies to prevent spread of Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) onto oilseed rape crops in China; costs and benefits. Plant Pathology 57, 652-664.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Prevent spread of Leptoshphaeria maculans into China 
Organisation Rothamsted Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Modelled the potential spread of the aggressive Leptosphaeria maculans from imported affected oilseed rape seeds in spring and winter oilseed rape area; developed strategies to prevent the spread of L. maculans into China.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided data on disease survey in China and Canda; provided the data on detection of Leptoosphaeria maculans in imported oilseed rape seeds.
Impact Two research papers published. Zhang X, White RP, Demir E, Jedryczka M, Lange RM, Islam M, Li ZQ, Huang YJ, Hall AM, Zhou G, Wang Z, Cai X, Skelsey P, Fitt BDL (2014). Leptosphaeria spp., phoma stem canker and potential spread of L. maculans on oilseed rape crops in China. Plant Pathology 63, 598-612 (Doi: 10.1111/ppa.12146); Fitt BDL, Hu BC, Li ZQ, Liu SY, Lange RM, Kharbanda PD, Butterworth MH, White RP (2008). Strategies to prevent spread of Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) onto oilseed rape crops in China; costs and benefits. Plant Pathology 57, 652-664.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Prevent spread of Leptoshphaeria maculans into China 
Organisation Shanghai Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Modelled the potential spread of the aggressive Leptosphaeria maculans from imported affected oilseed rape seeds in spring and winter oilseed rape area; developed strategies to prevent the spread of L. maculans into China.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided data on disease survey in China and Canda; provided the data on detection of Leptoosphaeria maculans in imported oilseed rape seeds.
Impact Two research papers published. Zhang X, White RP, Demir E, Jedryczka M, Lange RM, Islam M, Li ZQ, Huang YJ, Hall AM, Zhou G, Wang Z, Cai X, Skelsey P, Fitt BDL (2014). Leptosphaeria spp., phoma stem canker and potential spread of L. maculans on oilseed rape crops in China. Plant Pathology 63, 598-612 (Doi: 10.1111/ppa.12146); Fitt BDL, Hu BC, Li ZQ, Liu SY, Lange RM, Kharbanda PD, Butterworth MH, White RP (2008). Strategies to prevent spread of Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) onto oilseed rape crops in China; costs and benefits. Plant Pathology 57, 652-664.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Quantitative resistance against phoma stem canker 
Organisation French National Institute of Agricultural Research
Department INRA Rennes Centre
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of quantitative resistance of oilseed rape operating against Leptosphaeria maculans by using doubled haploid lines with different levels of resistance
Collaborator Contribution Dr Regine Delourmem at INRA- Rennes in France, provided doubled haploid lines produced in her group for use in the BBSRC IPA and BBSRC LINK projects.
Impact Two research papers using their materials were published: PloS One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; Plant Pathology 58: 314-323.
Start Year 2006
 
Description R gene-mediated resistance against L. maculans 
Organisation Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Country Canada 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Understanding effects of background quantitative on stability of R gene-mediated resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans by using the near isogenic lines produced in Canada
Collaborator Contribution A team at Saskatoon Agriculture and Agri-Food Research Centre, led by Dr Hossein Borhan, have produced near isogenic lines for different R genes; they provided their near isogenic lines for study in a BBSRC LINK project.
Impact Results of study presented at two conferences. (1) 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece; (2) British Society for Plant pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Chadacre Agricultural Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation DSV
Department DSV UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation DuPont
Department DuPont Pioneer
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Elsoms Seeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Felix Cobbold Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Grainseed
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation LS Plant Breeding
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Limagrain
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Monsanto
Department Monsanto
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation National Farmers Union
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Perry Foundation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Saaten-Union Biotec GmbH
Department Saaten-Union UK Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Syngenta International AG
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Reduce risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics 
Organisation Wellcome Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Improved understanding of oilseed rape resistance against phoma stem canker pathogens and regional distribution of Leptosphaeria maculans races for effective deployment of effective resistance genes to reduce the risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided seeds for field experiments and controlled environment experiments; ran field experiments to sample pathogen populations and assess effectiveness of different resistance genes; run spore samplers to sample air-borne pathogen spores.
Impact One research paper and several presentations in national and international conferences. Huang YJ, Qi A, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2014). Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE 9: e84924. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084924; (1) Oral presentations at the 13th International Rapeseed Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 5th -9th June 2011. (2) Oral presentation at the IOBC-Working group meeting, Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops, Gottingen, Germany, 4-6 October 2011. (3) Oral and poster presentations at the Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference, Nice, France, 16-19 October 2012. (4) Poster presentations at the Crop Protection in Southern Britain, Association of Applied Biologists, Peterborough, UK, 27-28 November 2012 . (5) Poster presentations at the 11th International Epidemiology Workshop, Beijing, China, 22-25 August 2013 . (6) Oral and poster presentations at the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology Plant, Beijing, China, 25-30 August 2013.(7) Oral presentation at HGCA Agronomist conference, 10 Dec 2013. (8) Poster presentations at the BSPP presidential meeting, Birmingham, UK, 17-18 December 2013. (9) Oral presentation at the 19th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Wuhan, China, 30 March - 2 April 2014 . (10) Poster presentations at the 16th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 6-10 July 2014, Rhodes, Greece . (11) Poster presentations at the British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, 1-2 September 2014, St Andrews University, UK . (12) Oral and poster presentations at the 11th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, 8 - 13 September 2014, Kraków, Poland.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Strategies to increase durability of host resistance for effective control of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape 
Organisation Grainseed
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Phoma stem canker, caused by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, is a damaging disease on oilseed rape in the UK, causing annual yield losses > £100M despite use of fungicides. With recent loss of the most effective fungicides through EU legislation and predicted global warming, potential yield losses will increase. Use of host resistance to control this disease is becoming ever more important. However, new sources of resistance are often rendered ineffective due to pathogen population changes. This project will develop new control strategies to increase durability of host resistance. To achieve this, we will (1) monitor emergence of new virulent races of L. maculans; (2) investigate molecular mechanisms of mutation to virulence in L. maculans; (3) understand effects of environmental factors (e.g. temperature) on durability of resistance; (4) identify resistance genes that are durable by exploiting the most recent developments in pathogen and host genomics; (5) develop new targeted control strategies and deliver them to farmers. Effective control of this disease will save farmers £27M p.a., besides benefits to breeders, distributors and the environment.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are involved with field trials and attending consortium meetings
Impact Huang YJ, West JS, Mitrousia GK, Wood T, Bancroft I, Fitt BDL (2016) Identification of novel sources of pest and disease resistance in the UK OREGIN Brassica biodiversity collection. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 151.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Strategies to increase durability of host resistance for effective control of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape 
Organisation Hutchinson H L Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Phoma stem canker, caused by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, is a damaging disease on oilseed rape in the UK, causing annual yield losses > £100M despite use of fungicides. With recent loss of the most effective fungicides through EU legislation and predicted global warming, potential yield losses will increase. Use of host resistance to control this disease is becoming ever more important. However, new sources of resistance are often rendered ineffective due to pathogen population changes. This project will develop new control strategies to increase durability of host resistance. To achieve this, we will (1) monitor emergence of new virulent races of L. maculans; (2) investigate molecular mechanisms of mutation to virulence in L. maculans; (3) understand effects of environmental factors (e.g. temperature) on durability of resistance; (4) identify resistance genes that are durable by exploiting the most recent developments in pathogen and host genomics; (5) develop new targeted control strategies and deliver them to farmers. Effective control of this disease will save farmers £27M p.a., besides benefits to breeders, distributors and the environment.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are involved with field trials and attending consortium meetings
Impact Huang YJ, West JS, Mitrousia GK, Wood T, Bancroft I, Fitt BDL (2016) Identification of novel sources of pest and disease resistance in the UK OREGIN Brassica biodiversity collection. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 151.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Strategies to increase durability of host resistance for effective control of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape 
Organisation LS Plant Breeding
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Phoma stem canker, caused by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, is a damaging disease on oilseed rape in the UK, causing annual yield losses > £100M despite use of fungicides. With recent loss of the most effective fungicides through EU legislation and predicted global warming, potential yield losses will increase. Use of host resistance to control this disease is becoming ever more important. However, new sources of resistance are often rendered ineffective due to pathogen population changes. This project will develop new control strategies to increase durability of host resistance. To achieve this, we will (1) monitor emergence of new virulent races of L. maculans; (2) investigate molecular mechanisms of mutation to virulence in L. maculans; (3) understand effects of environmental factors (e.g. temperature) on durability of resistance; (4) identify resistance genes that are durable by exploiting the most recent developments in pathogen and host genomics; (5) develop new targeted control strategies and deliver them to farmers. Effective control of this disease will save farmers £27M p.a., besides benefits to breeders, distributors and the environment.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are involved with field trials and attending consortium meetings
Impact Huang YJ, West JS, Mitrousia GK, Wood T, Bancroft I, Fitt BDL (2016) Identification of novel sources of pest and disease resistance in the UK OREGIN Brassica biodiversity collection. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 151.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Strategies to increase durability of host resistance for effective control of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape 
Organisation Limagrain
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Phoma stem canker, caused by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, is a damaging disease on oilseed rape in the UK, causing annual yield losses > £100M despite use of fungicides. With recent loss of the most effective fungicides through EU legislation and predicted global warming, potential yield losses will increase. Use of host resistance to control this disease is becoming ever more important. However, new sources of resistance are often rendered ineffective due to pathogen population changes. This project will develop new control strategies to increase durability of host resistance. To achieve this, we will (1) monitor emergence of new virulent races of L. maculans; (2) investigate molecular mechanisms of mutation to virulence in L. maculans; (3) understand effects of environmental factors (e.g. temperature) on durability of resistance; (4) identify resistance genes that are durable by exploiting the most recent developments in pathogen and host genomics; (5) develop new targeted control strategies and deliver them to farmers. Effective control of this disease will save farmers £27M p.a., besides benefits to breeders, distributors and the environment.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are involved with field trials and attending consortium meetings
Impact Huang YJ, West JS, Mitrousia GK, Wood T, Bancroft I, Fitt BDL (2016) Identification of novel sources of pest and disease resistance in the UK OREGIN Brassica biodiversity collection. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 151.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Strategies to increase durability of host resistance for effective control of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape 
Organisation Monsanto
Department Monsanto
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Phoma stem canker, caused by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, is a damaging disease on oilseed rape in the UK, causing annual yield losses > £100M despite use of fungicides. With recent loss of the most effective fungicides through EU legislation and predicted global warming, potential yield losses will increase. Use of host resistance to control this disease is becoming ever more important. However, new sources of resistance are often rendered ineffective due to pathogen population changes. This project will develop new control strategies to increase durability of host resistance. To achieve this, we will (1) monitor emergence of new virulent races of L. maculans; (2) investigate molecular mechanisms of mutation to virulence in L. maculans; (3) understand effects of environmental factors (e.g. temperature) on durability of resistance; (4) identify resistance genes that are durable by exploiting the most recent developments in pathogen and host genomics; (5) develop new targeted control strategies and deliver them to farmers. Effective control of this disease will save farmers £27M p.a., besides benefits to breeders, distributors and the environment.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are involved with field trials and attending consortium meetings
Impact Huang YJ, West JS, Mitrousia GK, Wood T, Bancroft I, Fitt BDL (2016) Identification of novel sources of pest and disease resistance in the UK OREGIN Brassica biodiversity collection. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 151.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Strategies to increase durability of host resistance for effective control of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape 
Organisation Woodhall Estate
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Phoma stem canker, caused by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, is a damaging disease on oilseed rape in the UK, causing annual yield losses > £100M despite use of fungicides. With recent loss of the most effective fungicides through EU legislation and predicted global warming, potential yield losses will increase. Use of host resistance to control this disease is becoming ever more important. However, new sources of resistance are often rendered ineffective due to pathogen population changes. This project will develop new control strategies to increase durability of host resistance. To achieve this, we will (1) monitor emergence of new virulent races of L. maculans; (2) investigate molecular mechanisms of mutation to virulence in L. maculans; (3) understand effects of environmental factors (e.g. temperature) on durability of resistance; (4) identify resistance genes that are durable by exploiting the most recent developments in pathogen and host genomics; (5) develop new targeted control strategies and deliver them to farmers. Effective control of this disease will save farmers £27M p.a., besides benefits to breeders, distributors and the environment.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are involved with field trials and attending consortium meetings
Impact Huang YJ, West JS, Mitrousia GK, Wood T, Bancroft I, Fitt BDL (2016) Identification of novel sources of pest and disease resistance in the UK OREGIN Brassica biodiversity collection. Abstracts. Brassica 2016, 3-7 October 2016, Melbourne, Australia, p. 151.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Coordination of UK Government 2015 spending for work on animal and plant diseases 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was an advisory panel aimed at a coordinated bid to Treasury for work on plant and animal diseases across Government departments in the 2015 Government spending round. Intended to brief civil servants and government ministers across different government departments. Produced document for coordination of funding bids across government departments.

After the meeting, impacts of research on control of plant and animal diseases will be discussed in 2015 government spending round.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 2. Hutchinsons Winter Farmer Technical Conference 'More Science - more yield', 19th November 2015, the East of England Showground, Peterborough, PE2 6XE. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presented work at Stand at Hutchinson's Winter Technical Conference attended by several hundred farmers and members of the agricultural industry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 2014 Cereals 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talked to farmers, policy makers, researchers who visited the demonstration plots and the HGCA stand; This increased the awareness of public of the importance of control diseases on oilseed rape.

After the Cereals event, contacted by farmers asking for advice on control of diseases in their crops
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description ADAS open day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presented a poster which attracted attention to farmers and journalists , stimulated questions and discussions.

After the open day contacted by journalist to ask questions and write a press release article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.hdc.org.uk/event/adas-boxworth-open-day-1
 
Description Agri-Tech East REAP Conference Today's knowledge meets tomorrow's technology, 7 Nov 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Attendance at Agri-Tech East conference where one of our students gave an invited presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Brassica 2018, Crucifer Genetics Workshop, St Malo, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International workshop to discuss Brassica genetics; presented talks and posters
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description British Society for Plant Pathology conference, Warwick, Dec 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attended British Society of Plant Pathology presidential conference, Warwick, with staff and post-graduate students from our group. Posters and oral presentations were made.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Cereals 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talked to farmers, policy makers, researchers who visited the demonstration plots and the HGCA stand; This increased the awareness of public of the importance of control diseases on oilseed rape.

After the Cereals event, contacted by farmers asking for advice on control of diseases in their crops; Contacted by HGCA to produce topic sheets on control oilseed rape diseases.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.cerealsevent.co.uk/
 
Description Cereals 2015, 10th - 11th June, The Old Rocket Site, Heath Lane, Boothby Graffoe, Lincolnshire. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation of research at University of Hertfordshire stand at Cereals' 2015, an event attended by thousands of farmers and members of the agricultural industry, as well as politicians, press etc
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Genetic Improvement Network Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk on Oilseed Rape Genetic Improvement Network at Workshop for stakeholders of all GINs, organised by Defra, Feb 22 "016, Norwich
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description HGCA agronomist conference 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk stimulated questions and discussions about the risk of breakdown of important of resistance genes for control of phoma stem canker

After the talk, been contacted by journalist to ask questions and write a press release articles to increase public awareness of protection of novel resistance genes for disease control.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.hgca.com/media/329348/bruce_fitt_final.pdf
 
Description IOBC-Workshop 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The talk stimulated questions and discussion.

Contacted by interested parties for more information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description International Congress of Plant Pathology, Boston, USA, July/Aug 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an international conference. Attended with other staff and post-grad students from our group. Presented work as posters.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description OREGIN stakeholders forum, Elsoms, Spalding, Lincs, Nov 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Meeting of Oilseed Rape Genetic Improvement Network stakeholder forum, attended by industry and academic members of OREGIN.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Plant Resistance Sustainability 2012 International Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk and poster presentation about pathogen population changes to render host resistance ineffective sparked questions and discussion during and after the conference.

After the conference, contacted by interested parties for collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL https://colloque4.inra.fr/prs2012
 
Description Press release on Leptoshpaeria bigloobsa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Increased the awareness of risk of severe phoma stem canker epidemics caused by Leptosphaeria biglobosa in oilseed rape

Contacted by interested parties to be involved in further research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.farmersguardian.com/arable-farming/phoma-pathogen-could-pose-additional-threat/65085.arti...
 
Description Press release on quantitative resistance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Publicised the results of research

Contacted by interested parties on using the results of our research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://sciencedaily.pl/releases/2014/01/140127122330.htm
 
Description Stand at Cereals 2017, Boothby Graffoe, Lincolnshire 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presented research at University of Hertfordshire stand at this event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Stand at Cereals' 2018, Duxford, Cambs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Participated in University of Hertfordshire stand at Cereals' 2018, June 13-14 2018. Event attended by 1000s of farmers and other members of the agricultural industry, mostly from the UK but some from overseas
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Stand at Hutchinson's winter farming conference, Kingsgate Conference Centre, Peterborough, 15 Nov 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Manned stand to present our research to farming audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description TIPS review video 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Stimulated thinking about another way to identify host resistance genes

Contacted by interested parties to be involved in further research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y9RoGrsZGCY
 
Description Talk at Brassica Genetics conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The talk sparked questions and discussions

Contacted by interested parties on using the results of our research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk at EFPP conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk stimulated discussion about the importance of control phoma stem canker by targeting two causal pathogens

Contacted by interested parties to be involved in further research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk at FAO workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion aferwards

Contacted by interested parties to be involved in further research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk at career event at UH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact The talk encouraged students to think a career in plant pathology

Contacted by individuals to consider doing a research degree (e.g. MSc, PhD)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk at event organised by Felix Cobbold Trust, November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk at event organised by Felix Cobbold Charitable Trust, November 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk. Arable crop disease control, climate change and food security. 30 Sept 2016; Hawkesbury Institute, University of Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit to Hawkesbury Institute to discuss collaboration which is now occurring
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk; Arable crop disease control, climate change and food security. 28 Sept 2016; University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar at University of Western Australia which we visited to discuss collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talks to U3A science groups in Watford and Hemel Hempstead, Herts, Sept/Oct 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talks about arable crop diseases, climate change and food security to U3A science groups in Watford (60 participants) and Hemel Hempstead (40 participants).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UH Research Day 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Oral and poster presentations about our research on control of oilseed rape diseases increased the awareness of colleagues and students in the school about the importance of disease control and food security.

After the talk, contacted by undergratuate and MSc studens to do their projects in our group and cosider a career in Plant Pathology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description press release on HGCA Agronomist conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The talk increased the awareness of the risk of breakdown of important of resistance genes for control of phoma stem canker

After the talk, we have been contacted by interested parties (e.g. breeding companies) to be involved in further research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.fwi.co.uk/articles/13/12/2013/142510/phoma-resistance-genes-in-osr-under-threat.htm
 
Description press release on LmLb China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Increased the wareness of public on controlling spreading a damaging pathogen

Increased the concern of Chinese goverment for preventing the spread of a damaging pathogen into China to protect Chinese oilseed rape crops.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131128133917.htm