Quantitative Systems Biology by Mass Spectrometry

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cambridge
Department Name: Biochemistry

Abstract

This application addresses the need to extend the capabilities of the proteomics (CCP and PNAC) and metabolomics facilities (Griffin lab.) in the Dept. of Biochemistry to enable both targeted protein and metabolite quantification using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) analyses, non-targetted metabolomics and the analyses of intact protein. Targeted proteomics using MRM analysis is becoming increasingly popular as a method for validating global quantitation studies, determining the stoichiometry of components of protein complexes and the phosphorylation status of known phosphorylation sites. Currently CCP has access to a combination of mass spectrometers with high sensitivity and mass accuracy, but none of the existing portfolio of CCP instruments are ideal for MRM analysis. The UPLC-MS Quattro-Premier XE system is an attractive package to allow highly multiplexed, sensitive MRM analysis. Its high scanning speed coupled with excellent selectivity allows robust quantification of specific proteins/peptides. This system represents good value for money with lower running costs in terms of service and maintenance compared with alternative mass spectrometric systems. To date PNAC has provided intact protein analyses for the Dept. of Biochemistry, particularly to support the large structural biology community. Currently PNAC is utilizing older mass spectrometers incapable of delivering useful data on proteins above 25 kDa. The QTof Ultima is an instrument ideally suited to fill this gap, providing both the resolution and sensitivity needed to analyse large molecules; access to this technology would greatly enhance the services offered by PNAC Facility. Interest has steadily increased in the area of metabolomics, both within the department and in the wider Cambridge area. This workload is set to increase further with the arrival of Prof. Steve Oliver as Professor of Systems Biology. This application addresses the increased demand for metabolomics in Cambridge as well as addressing two key technical challenges that hinder LC-MS based metabolomics. The upgrade of our QTof Micro to a QTof Ultima system will increase our coverage of the metabolome by providing a 4-fold increase in sensitivity and a >2-fold increase in resolution. In addition there is a growing realisation that data must be made quantitative, especially for many systems biology based approaches where data from different omic technologies are cross-correlated. The UPLC-MS Quattro-Premier XE system will address this issue, allowing the quantitative analysis of known metabolites by MRM based analyses. The principle applicants, Kathryn Lilley, Julian Griffin, Len Packman and Stephen Oliver and have an established track record with respect to collaboration in systems biology projects [Karp, 2005#2, Dunkley, 2004, 2006, Sadowski, 2007, Castrillo, 2007] and also with many of the co-applicants [numerous joint publications]. Moreover, the Griffin and Lilley groups successfully share mass spectrometric equipment already (LTQ) and work closely together with respect to methods of data analysis and integration of proteomics and metabolomics datasets. The proposal describes on-going projects and many new projects within the Dept. of Biochemistry that will be facilitated by the funding of the proposed equipment. These projects range from the absolute measurement of abundance of targeted proteins within complexes and pathways to metabolites within networks, flux through metabolic pathways and metabolites which are secreted in response to drug efflux in bacteria.

Technical Summary

The absolute measurement of proteins and metabolites is essential if we are to understand mechanisms which are involved in healthy and diseased cells. In this proposal we aim to establish a set of techniques which will enable us to accurately measure the amount of specific proteins and metabolites in a variety of different biological systems. To carry out such absolute measurements of the quantity of different biomolecules we require equipment which will give us great sensitivity and specificity. The speed of analysis if also essential as many of the projects that will utilise these technologies will involve the repeated analysis of many samples, both biological and technical replicates. One of the instruments we propose to purchase will enable the absolute measurements of proteins and metabolites while the other will also be able to carry measurement of the intact mass of proteins. This is important as many proteins are modified during different cellular processed and also upon specific perturbations such as disease.
 
Description This grant funded two pieces of equipment and has supported many research projects:

1. development of a method to assess antibiotic resistance phenotypes in pseudomonas aeruginosa

2. measurement of the stoichiometry of PtdIns5P 4-kinases II_ and II_

3. development of a method to assay antigents fused to plant oleosins
Exploitation Route novel plant antigen
Sectors Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology

 
Description the findings have been used to attract money from other granting agencies
First Year Of Impact 2010
Sector Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology
 
Description FP7 Infrastructure grant PrimeXS
Amount £791,001 (GBP)
Funding ID Prime-XS 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 02/2011 
End 02/2015
 
Description sLoLa
Amount £3,700,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/L002817/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2014 
End 02/2018
 
Description Collaboration with Waters Corporation 
Organisation Waters Corporation
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaboration to continue funding for post doctoral researcher to develop new applications on equipment funded by this grant
Start Year 2011