BBSRC Centre For Sustainable Bioenergy (BSBEC): Programme 4: Lignocellulosic Conversion To Bioethanol (LACE)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Nottingham
Department Name: Sch of Biosciences

Abstract

There are three main drivers for the development of bioenergy and biofuels in the UK: Energy Security, Climate Change and Rural Development. Demand for oil is rising both from developed and developing countries and renewable alternatives are critical to ensure UK energy-security. Biofuels are fuels that are produced from plant material and are therefore renewable and will contribute to UK energy security. Biofuels also have the potential to deliver significant reductions in emissions provided that all stages of the supply chain are properly assessed and optimised. Lignocellulosic (plant cell wall) material is a valuable source of energy that can be derived from biomass crops and agricultural residues such as straw and spent grains. In addition this material may be derived from waste produced by industries that utilise wood and its derivatives. Harnessing the potential of lignocellulosic materials for the production of biofuels requires the deconstruction of plant cell walls using biological, chemical and physical processes to produce a fermentable feedstock. Furthermore it is essential that the processes developed limit the formation of toxic by-products (known as inhibitors) that reduce the potential for efficient fermentation. The fermentation of the liberated feedstock requires the development of appropriate strains that can use the range of sugars that comprise the cell wall whilst tolerating the process and product derived stresses. It is now vital that the UK addresses the challenge of effectively using lignocellulosic feedstocks to generate biofuels. To address this need, we will identify methods of feedstock production from plant cell wall materials that maximise sugar release but limit inhibitor formation. Furthermore we will develop super-tolerant yeast strains that can optimally ferment a range of sugars to form the biofuel ethanol. To achieve these aims Nottingham will build UK capacity in bioenergy and biofuels expertise by recruiting and training new talent and collaborating with multiple universities, institutes and companies. We will harness Nottingham's world class expertise in Fermentation, Microbiology and Biochemical Engineering, in close collaboration with Food scientists, Agricultural scientists and Social scientists. The University of Nottingham, which has international level researchers in all of these areas, will work in close collaboration with the Universities of Bath, Cambridge, Dundee, York, Newcastle and Surrey and Universities and Institutes in Africa, Europe, New Zealand and the USA. We will also work closely with Industry. We will focus on the generation of bioethanol from the lignocellulosic biomass including excess straw, spent grains and waste generated from food production. The processes used for this conversion will be optimized to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and maximize energy output. Waste materials produced from the process will be harnessed by identification of potential co-products streams including the production of materials for the construction industry and to produce non-liquid fuels. We propose to: (1) increase the UK scientific expertise in lignocellulosic digestion and fermentation; (2) develop the scientific foundations of technologies by identifying robust yeast strains that can be improved to enable them to utilize lignocellulosic feedstocks (3) ensure that the processes developed maximise energy outputs and minimise greenhouse gas emissions; and (4) provide avenues for the implementation of these technologies in industry whilst actively communicating our research with the wider global community.

Technical Summary

The conversion of plant materials to fuels such as ethanol, butanol and biodiesels is a multi-step process sometimes referred to as a biorefinery. The key steps in the biorefinery are collection of the crop (which may be specifically grown as an energy crop, or be agricultural waste material), pre-treatment to make the lignocellulose more accessible, conversion of the sugars to a fuel molecule, and extraction of the fuel. There are several key challenges which need to be addressed to achieve sustainable conversion of lignocellulosic materials to fuels including: the accessibility and extraction of sugars using enzyme toolkits that can be applied to multiple plant biomass streams; the generation of fermentation substrates that are 'fit for purpose' for fermentation with low inhibitors and appropriate viscosity but are sustainable; the development of strains that can utilise the sugars liberated and efficiently convert them to fuels (in this case ethanol); the optimisation of fermentation to achieve a sustainable conversion. We will use a multi-disciplinary approach to address each of these key challenges. It is now widely recognised that biomass resources can be converted to produce so-called 'biofuels', 'bioheat' and 'bioelectricity' that have potential environmental benefits and greenhouse gas (GHG) savings. However, they also have possible side-effects in terms of emissions due to indirect land-use changes, loss of biodiversity, and competition with food production. Sustainability assessments are consequently required in order to ensure that net benefits flow from the utilisation of bioenergy resources. We will therefore also evaluate the sustainability of various bioenergy routes we propose to develop by applying the 'Three Pillars' of sustainable development: balancing of economic and social development with environmental protection.

Publications

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Adams P (2016) A critical appraisal of the effectiveness of UK perennial energy crops policy since 1990 in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

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Adams P (2011) Barriers to and drivers for UK bioenergy development in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

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Borrion A (2012) Environmental life cycle assessment of lignocellulosic conversion to ethanol: A review in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

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Borrion A L (2011) Environmental life cycle impact assessment of bioethanol process from wheat straw in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

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Cranston G (2012) Carbon footprints in a bipolar, climate-constrained world in Ecological Indicators

 
Description This was a multidisciplinary grant to investigate the scientific, economic and social barriers to the production of biofuels from agricultural wastes, such as straw, and energy crops such as willow and Miscanthus. The scientific barriers explored encompassed:-
(a) methods to pre treat the biomass (heat and chemicals) in order to make the material accessible to enzymes required to liberate free sugars. The results illustrated the key importance of tissue structure in the feed stock, in addition to the simpler chemical composition, and made suggestions for potential improvements in the processing of this material in order to break it down.
(b) improvements in the enzyme cocktails used to release sugars form the biomass. This research determined the response of filamentous fungi to a diverse range of substrates and illustrated the potential for substrate specific cocktails of enzymes with improved efficiency.
(c) fermentation of the sugars into bioethanol is often compromised by the presence of inhibitors produced during pre treatment. The project aimed to investigate the genetic and biochemical basis for tolerance to these inhibitors in yeast and through this develop tolerant strains. The research has identified genes for tolerance to acetic acid and other stresses and shown that yeast with improved tolerance can be produced.
In terms of the economic and social aspects the research has developed a model that allows farmers to predict green house gas emissions, net energy production and profit from diverse cropping regimes. It has also determined, through surveys, the amount of wheat straw likely to be available for bioenergy purposes in the UK and whether or not farmers would consider growing energy crops.
Exploitation Route The enzyme findings may be used to develop more effective cocktails for bioenergy or biorefining purposes. Further yeast genes, that confer tolerance to a range of stresses, could be identified in future using the genetic (QTL) data base that we have established. Those genes already identified and validated could be exploited commercially to improve yeast strains for bioenergy production.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy

URL http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/bioenergy/lace
 
Description The research has resulted in a number of publications but in addition has been used in part to provide evidence to the Committee on Climate Change and more recently written and oral evidence to the House of Lords Science and Technology committee in their investigation into waste and the bioeconomy. The research has also been useful in the development of a recently awarded grant that will hopefully result in the establishment of a demonstrator plant for the conversion of municipal solid waste into liquid biofuels.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Oral evidence to House of Lords review on waste and the bioeconomy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description BESTF2
Amount £5,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department of Energy and Climate Change 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 08/2020
 
Description Partnership with JBEI 
Organisation Joint BioEnergy Institute
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution This was a partnership award that funded exchange visits between Nottingham and JBEI. During the initial visit potential collaborations were explored and a joint project identified to examine the response (at a transcriptomic level) of fungi towards a range of pre treated biomass samples. The team at Nottingham then exposed fungi to pre treated wheat straw, Miscanthus and willow. A range of pre treatments including hydrothermal and ionic liquid were utilised in this research. The team extracted RNA samples for the fungi over a time course of 5 to 10 days. There were a total of about 128 sampling points in all. The NA samples were then sent to JBEI for analysis. The annotated genome data were returned to Nottingham and analysis of the data was undertaken to prepare joint publications.
Collaborator Contribution JBEI, in collaboration with the JCI, undertook to carry out RNAseq analysis of all 128 samples from the experiments at Nottingham. The JCI used the sequences obtained to improve their annotation map for the Aspergillus genome. hen JBEI undertook the complete annotation of the RNAseq data and returned this to Nottingham. JBEI then collaborated with the analysis of this data and the preparation of the joint papers.
Impact Two refereed publications have arisen from this collaboration.
Start Year 2010
 
Description 3rd World Distilled Spirits Conference, Exhibition Stand 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Exhibition stand promoting our LACE research programme and Masters courses Posters, Banners, leaflets, rolling presentations, article in the newsletter/websites

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Article in Farmers Weekly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Article in Farmers Weekly, researchers from LACE contribute to an article on producing ethanol from plant waste Press Article

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Bioenergy Dialogue Session 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dialogue session about Bioenergy in The Showroom, Sheffield (Café Scientifique).

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Bioenergy Dialogue Session - April 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dialogue session based on bioenergy for the students at the University of Nottingham.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Bioenergy Dialogue Session - Cafe Scientifique 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Members of the public attended the session and addressed provoking thoughts about bioenergy. Most that attended had a scientific backgrounds.

No actual impacts realised to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Bioenergy Dialogue Session - March 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The bioenergy dialogue workshop was a part of the Derbyshire Primary Phase Headteachers' Conference which took place at The Hayes Conference Centre, Derbyshire.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Bioenergy Newsletter Issue 7 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Creation and dissemination of the bioenergy newsletter issue 7

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Bioenergy Newsletter Issue 8 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Creation and dissemination of the Bioenergy Newsletter Issue 8

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Bioenergy Newsletter Issue 9 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Creation and dissemination of the bioenergy newsletter issue 9

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Bioenergy Outreach Online Resources 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Creation of a number of online resources avaliable on the bioenergy websites

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Biofuel Factor Session - John Clifford School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We developed a board game called the Biofuel Factor to teach children about bioenergy and renewable energy. It was funded by the Widening Participation Fund. We took it to the school and had a session with a couple of the classes. Afterwards, the school kept the game for future use.

The children generally expressed an interest in learning more about bioenergy, after reading their feedback questionnaires.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Biofuel Factor Session - Kegworth Primary School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We developed a board game to teach children about bioenergy and renewable energy. It was funded by the Widening Participation Fund. We took it to a class at the school and had a session with them. Afterwards, the school kept the game for future use.

The children generally expressed an interest in learning more about bioenergy, after reading their feedback questionnaires.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Biofuel Factor Session - Sharley Park Community Primary School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We developed a board game called the Biofuel Factor to teach children about bioenergy and renewable energy. It was funded by the Widening Participation Fund. We took it to the school and had a session with a couple of the classes. Afterwards, the school kept the game for future use.

The children generally expressed an interest in learning more about bioenergy, after reading their feedback questionnaires.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Biofuel Factor Session - Sneinton St. Stephen's School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We developed a board game called the Biofuel Factor to teach children about bioenergy and renewable energy. It was funded by the Widening Participation Fund. We took it to a class at the school and had a session with them. Afterwards, the school kept the game for future use.

The children generally expressed an interest in learning more about bioenergy, after reading their feedback questionnaires.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Biofuel Factor Session - Sutton Bonington Primary School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We developed a board game called the Biofuel Factor to teach children about bioenergy and renewable energy. It was funded by the Widening Participation Fund. We took it to a class at the school and had a session with them. Afterwards, the school kept the game for future use.

The children generally expressed an interest in learning more about bioenergy, after reading their feedback questionnaires.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description British Science Festival 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The British Science Festival took place at The University of Aberdeen.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description British Science Festival 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The British Science Festival is one of Europe's largest celebrations of science, engineering and technology, with over 250 events, activities, exhibitions and trips taking place over a week in September.



Our Festival is unique in the UK as it moves to a different location every year. In previous years it has taken place in York, Liverpool, Guildford, Birmingham, Aberdeen and in 2013 we'll be visiting Newcastle upon Tyne.



The programme of events offers something for everyone with activities for families and schools groups, adults looking for entertainment and stimulating debate, as well as events aimed at professionals interested in the latest research.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Cereals 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Cereals Event is the leading technical event for the arable industry, with more than 64ha of stands and demonstrations including crop plots, working machinery, a sprays and sprayers arena and the renewables area, where the focus is on green energy, biofuels and non-food crops. Took place in Boothby Graffoe, North Lincolnshire.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Chelsea Flower Show 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Chelsea Flower Show took place at the Royal Hospital in Chelsea.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description ETC Sustainable Breakfast Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Environment Technology Centre's Sustainable breakfast meeting and business exhibition took place at The Sir Colin Campbell Building, the University of Nottingham.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Faculty of Engineering Christmas Lecture 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Faculty of Enginnering Christmas Lecture at the University of Nottingham.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description International Bioenergy Conference Stamd 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Hosted a stand at the International Bioenergy Conference to promote the LACE project.

No actual impacts realised to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description MayFest 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact University of Nottingham's community open day

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Mayfest 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact University of Nottingham's community open day.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Mayfest 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Various members of the public approached our stand and were greatly interested in our research.

No actual impacts realised to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Meeting with Head Master at Sharley Park, Primary School, Clay Cross, Derbyshire 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Meeting with Head Master at Sharley Park, Primary School, Clay Cross, Derbyshire regarding Bioenergy research and outreach

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Opening of the Bioenergy and Brewing Science Building 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Opening of the Bioenergy and Brewing Science Building at the Sutton Bonington Campus, University of Nottingham Photographs, article in the newsletter and on websites

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Press article for the opening of the Bioenergy and Brewing Science Building 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach local
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Press article for the opening of the Bioenergy and Brewing Science Building, Sutton Bonington Campus, University of Nottingham Press Release

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description School Bioenergy Debate 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Biofuel debate at George Spencer Academy, School Event - talks were given by LACE PhD students. Local MP attended

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description School Outreach Session 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Outreach Session at Sharley Park Primary School, Clay Cross

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description School Outreach Session 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact School Outreach Session at Sharley Park Primary School, Clay Cross on Climate Change, renewable energy and bioenergy games

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description School Outreach Session at Sharley Park Primary School, Clay Cross on Yeast and Fermentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact School Outreach Session at Sharley Park Primary School, Clay Cross on Yeast and Fermentation

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description School Visit to Bioenergy and Brewing Science Building 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Visit from George Spencer Academy, School Event - talks by researchers from LACE and demonstrations/tours of the facilities

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Science @ Sutton Bonington 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Various members of the public approached our stand and were greatly interested in our research.

No actual impacts realised to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Science Fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Science at Sutton Bonington Open Day - Outreach stand with demonstrations and hands on activities

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Science in the Park - Outreach stand 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact British Science Association's Science in the Park, Wollaton Hall Nottingham - Bioenergy Outreach stand with demonstrations and activities

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Science in the Park 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Science in the Park is a free annual science fair. Took place at Wollaton Hall, Nottingham.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Seminar on the Biomass Digestibility Challenge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Seminar on the Biomass Digestibility Challenge took place at the Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Sutton Bonington Show Community Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Outreach stand with activities at the local community show on Sunday 4th September 2011 Leaflets, article on Newsletter and websites, photographs

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Telephone interview with BBC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Telephone interview with BBC's Bang Goes the Theory

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Tour of the Building - January 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tour of the Bioenergy and Brewing Sciences Building for ISS Seminar; took place at teh Sutton Bonington Campus, University of Nottingham.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Tour of the Building - March 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Tour of the Bioenergy and Brewing Sciences Building for ISS Seminar; took place at teh Sutton Bonington Campus, University of Nottingham.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description University of Nottingham's Campaign Launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach local
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Exibition Stand at the University of Nottingham's Campaign Launch Exhibition stand, leaflets, news article on bioenergy and LACE websites, photographs

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description University of Nottingham's Campaign Launch - Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact University of Nottingham's Campaign Launch - Presentation Presentation

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Visit from the Vice Chancellor 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact The Vice Chancellor, David Greenaway, was given a tour of the facilities. Took place at the Sutton Bonington Campus, the University of Nottingham.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013