New Heritage Breeding for accelerated trait development in barley

Lead Research Organisation: John Innes Centre
Department Name: Crop Genetics

Abstract

This project develops a business strategy to accelerate the breeding of crop varieties by connecting all users in the supply chain. We revived Chevalier, a Victorian premium malting barley, and discovered that it is resistant to Fusarium head blight (FHB), an important disease that contaminates grain with mycotoxins. The objectives are to 1) evaluate the agronomy, malting characteristics and brewing potential of Chevalier 2), identify and perform malting trials on FHB resistant lines from a cross between Chevalier and a modern variety; FHB resistance would reduce the need for pesticides, 3) develop a business plan for New Heritage Breeding which evaluates heritage varieties for niche markets and accelerates breeding of varieties for specific markets. The project benefits crop breeders, farmers, maltsters and consumers who will obtain new products with reduced environmental impact. The project defines a model for other crop improvement programmes.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description We have demonstrated that a heritage variety of barley, Chevallier, can be successfully grown and malted. Agronomic conditions for quality malt production were defined through working in partnership with farming and malting companies. We registered Chevallier as a conservation variety, and developed procedures for bulking and treating seed. Brewing trials demonstrated good performance in a range of conditions. A visit to the USA demonstrated strong demand for heritage malt, and a need to develop new varieties for production in the Eastern states. We identified valuable resistance to Fusarium Head Blight in Chevallier, and we have been mapping this in a genetic cross. We have also identified other heritage barley varieties with FHB resistance which cen be used as the basis for breeding. The original objectives have all been met, and the project has created a business opportunity which will be developed in the future. In addition, we have explored the opportunities for accelerated breeding using genomic selection which will be developed in future grants.
Exploitation Route The findings will be taken forward through the establishment of a company focussed on heritage barley and pre-breeding of new varieties for the Eastern USA. The panel of barley lines that have been used is genetically diverged, and is a valuable research tool for variety improvement. This work will be developed in partnership with researchers in Europe and the USA. A 'partnering award' grant application is currently in preparation to strengthen these links with North American researchers.

We successfully obtained the partnering award and have establishes collaborations with scientists in USA and Canada. We have also started the company, New Heritage Barley Ltd as a result of this project
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

URL http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/news/food-security/2014/140908-pr-barley-business-for-beer-brewing.aspx
 
Description We have identified a commercial opportunity through the production of heritage malt. As a result of this, the researcher employed on the project was successfully awarded a BBSRC Enterprise Fellowship to develop a business based on this research. The business comprises the production of heritage barleys, and the development of new varieties primarily focussed on the Eastern USA and Canada. Currently, a business plan is in preparation. In addition, a new line of research into genomic selection for accelerated breeding has been developed which will be the basis for further research. We are developing this further in collaboration with our North American partners, and the genome analysis centre (TGAC). We successfully obtained the partnering award with USA and Canada, and started New Heritage Barley Ltd, a new company specialising in reviving heritage barleys and undertaking pre-breeding activities. New products with heritage barley malt are now beginning to appear on the world market, for example in the introduction of a new beer range from Greene King, a regional brewery with international impact We have been invited to present the commercialisation story to several audiences, most recently as an invited speaker at the Heritage barley and malt conference in Nuremberg, a meeting of industry representatives from around the world. New Heritage Barley Ltd is also investing in further research and is a PhD iCASE partner on two projects investigating the barley root microbiome and the impact of barley genetics on agronomy and flavour traits.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description UK-Canada Agrifood workshop
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact A research framework document for joint UK-Canada research projects was established for the Agrifood sector. This will result in joint funding opportunities and engagement with stakeholders. Additionally, a reciprocal workshop in Canada is currently being planned
 
Description Enterprise Fellowship
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Society of Edinburgh (RSE) 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2014 
End 08/2015
 
Description Capturing novel quality and soil health traits for sustainable barley production 
Organisation New Heritage Barley Limited
PI Contribution this is a collaborative project to characterise novel traits in barley for the brewing and distilling industries. Our contribution is to provide seed and field trial facilities as well as expertise in barley growing
Collaborator Contribution They provide expertise in association genetics and mapping. They also provide facilities and expertise for metabolomics analysis. New heritage barley is a spin-out company from the John Innes Centre that is investing in this project
Impact The collaboration only started in October 2018, with a student being recruited to the project
Start Year 2018
 
Description Capturing novel quality and soil health traits for sustainable barley production 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution this is a collaborative project to characterise novel traits in barley for the brewing and distilling industries. Our contribution is to provide seed and field trial facilities as well as expertise in barley growing
Collaborator Contribution They provide expertise in association genetics and mapping. They also provide facilities and expertise for metabolomics analysis. New heritage barley is a spin-out company from the John Innes Centre that is investing in this project
Impact The collaboration only started in October 2018, with a student being recruited to the project
Start Year 2018
 
Description Conservation agriculture collaboration 
Organisation Shimpling Park Farm
PI Contribution We visited Shimpling Park Farms to see how conservation agriculture practises were being used to add value to farming
Collaborator Contribution Owner of Shimpling Park Farms contributed to the development of a subsequent workshop on Conservation Agriculture
Impact A workshop was held at the John Innes Centre involving farmers and researchers, including scientists from the USA
Start Year 2017
 
Description Identifying the genetic determinants of barley colonisation by the growth-promoting biocontrol agent Pseudomonas fluorescens 
Organisation New Heritage Barley Limited
PI Contribution This is a collaborative project led by Jacob Malone at the John Innes Centre, and I am a partner in the project. I provide expertise in barley growing and production, and on measurement of phenotypic traits
Collaborator Contribution New Heritage Barley Ltd is a start-up company from the John Innes Centre, providing expertise in barley production for the malting and brewing industries. They also provide access to commercial trials and malting facilities
Impact The collaboration started in 2017 when the student was recruited to the project. A presentation was made at the JIC 50th anniversary exhibition in 2017
Start Year 2017
 
Company Name New Heritage Barley Ltd 
Description The company evaluates heritage barleys for the brewing and distilling industries and undertakes pre-breeding activities. The company is registered seed merchant and supplies the seed to the malting industry under contract 
Year Established 2014 
Impact Revival of Chevallier malt has enabled the introduction of a new product, formulating beers of distinctive character. The malt is sold worldwide
 
Description Demonstration of malting barley trials 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Open Farm Sunday at Gressenhall Museoum of Rural Life:
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Open Farm Sunday at Morley 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Open farm study, demonstration of field plots
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description A taste of Genetic Diversity: demonstration activity for the John Innes Centre open day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A demonstration of our research was performed at an open day at the John Innes Centre, involving hands on activities and discussion on the theme of 'a taste of genetic diversity. The activities involved showing how brassicas were used in baby leaf salads, and how heritage barley varieties were used in brewing beer
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Barley business for beer brewing nets scientists enterprise funding 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Press release about Enterprise fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Barley research work at the JIC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit with Carl Griffey and Wynse Brooks, Virginia Tech, Greg Roth Penn State, Scot Welsh Deer Creek Malting Pennsylvania to discuss heritage barley project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Beer returns to Norwich after 100 years 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Local TV broadcast about revival of a Victorian barley variety
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description British Society for Plant Pathology presidential meeting Some Like It Hot 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presented work on stating a company as an invited speaker to the Bish Society for Plant Pathology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Chevallier project collaboration 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact visit by Goose Island brewery to discuss collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Demonstration plot at Cereals Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Filed plot demonstration on malting barley, John Innes Centre, UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Developing Markets for Heritage Malts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at the Great Lakes Hop and Barley Conference, Detroit, Michigan. The audience comprised farmers, maltsters, brewers, researchers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Discussions in North America about heritage barley trials 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit trials and discuss collaboration with Michigan State University and at Cornell University, Penn State and Agriculture and Agrifood Canada about barley trials
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Friends of JIC Event Ridout C.(2015) Heritage barley plots 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Demonstration plots at Friends of JIC event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description From barley to beer; a comparison of heritage and modern barley varieties 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation at North American barley breeders workshop, Minneapolis
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Grain that gives good head 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Podcast about the heritage barley project with Dewing Grain Ltd
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.dewinggrain.co.uk/podcast-item/?id=37
 
Description Heritage barley business 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation to Lord Iveagh of Elvedon Farm Estates about heritage barley business
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Heritage barleys and disease resistance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Meeting and discussion with Norsk Handverksmalt about potential collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Making An Impact in Plant Science Research Invited, Keynote presentation at the Royal Horticultural Society annual PhD Symposium, Wisley 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invites speaker presenting at the Royal Horticultural Society an research results
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Malt of the Earth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview and article published in Great British Food
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Pint of Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact present to the general public as part of the Pint of Science event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://pintofscience.com/
 
Description Presentation of FLIP project and New Heritage Barley case study to BBSRC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to BBSRC as part of the contribution to 'Excellence with Impact' competition
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project Landrace 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact collaborative project with industry to evaluate new product ideas in the brewing sector
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Re-introducing heritage barley: Science into practise 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited speaker at the RMI analytics Heirloom and Terrior Barley and Malt Symposium. The results of the projects including commercialisation of heritage malt were presented
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Reviving Chevallier: the Victorian malting barley 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact NIAB innovation farm, microbrewers event. A conference to link Small Medium Enterprises (SME) to research scientists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The Future of Beer is in the Past, Molecular Biology of Plant Pathogens Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation about starting a company
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Transatlantic science connection for better beer 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Press release about partnering award
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description policy on conservation cereal varieties 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meet with Julia Rzepecka of VVA Europe to prepare case study to present to EU commision as a Preparatory action on EU plant and animal genetic resources
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description presentation oat Cereals 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Demonstration of field plots at the annual Cereals event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cerealsevent.co.uk/
 
Description presentation to National Farmers Union 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact presentation of the New Heritage Barley project to the NFU
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description presentsation to the Flying Farmers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Flying farmers are a group of farmers interested to learn about the latest trends in research. the presentation involved talking to them about our work, and engaging in a discussion with them
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description radio interview for Pint of Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact radio interview about the Pint of Science event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description the Heritage Barley Project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Norfolk Mardlers are an influential group of farmers and landowners based in the East of England. The presentation was about how the germplasm resources unit at the John Innes Centre was the starting point for re-introduction of heritage barley cultivars into commercial production for malting and brewing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018