Biogas production from high volume industrial effluents at ambient temperatures (AmbiGAS)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Faculty of Engineering & the Environment

Abstract

The project is formulated under the ERA-net programme and brings together an interdisciplinary team of academics, industrial process design engineers and end users from 4 countries. The research aims to develop in a systematic manner the concept of using anaerobic digestion (AD) at ambient temperatures for large volume, low-strength effluents produced in biomass-based process industries. Experience to date shows that low temperature AD is feasible, and the work will attempt to improve rates of reaction to match those of more conventional mesophilic systems. The research will establish the fundamental mechanisms underlying the acclimatisation of anaerobic microbial populations to low temperature conditions, and attempt to identify control parameters that will ensure rapid adaptation and stable operation. Reaction kinetics will be determined for different types of anaerobic biomass (granular, biofilm, dispersed or in flocs), and for industrial wastewaters from both food processing and non-food sectors. Studies will be carried out using laboratory-scale digesters to test different methods of retaining the anaerobic biomass by altering the reactor configuration, with a particular focus on the use of innovative membrane systems. The digesters will also be tested in conjunction with novel in-situ and side-stream biogas upgrading units, again using advanced membrane technologies. Our existing knowledge combined with the information gained in these targeted laboratory studies will be used to design a pilot-scale digester that will be trialled by one of the industrial end-user partners. The goal is to demonstrate the concept successfully at a pilot scale, while gaining sufficient knowledge and data to be able to show net energy production, and other savings calculated by using process models. The research outputs will provide process industries with the necessary information to make decisions on adopting these new technologies to take advantage of the potential energy savings.

The research will also develop customised membrane-based gas upgrading systems to refine biogas to give methane that is pure enough for use as a vehicle fuel or direct injection into the gas network. Membrane systems will also be used to recover dissolved methane from treated effluent, which will not only increase energy yield but will also offer a solution to a major environmental issue, as methane is a powerful greenhouse gas that can contribute to climate change.

The research is industry-linked, and the benefits and penalties of the new approach will be fully assessed using industry-standard process optimisation tools, which can provide the basis for further economic and environmental assessment. The research will have significant outputs in a range of areas: it will increase our scientific knowledge of methanogenic microorganisms, and improve process control in anaerobic systems; it will introduce new concepts in biogas upgrading and methane recovery, with added environmental benefits; it will create a database of effluent and process parameters to allow modelling and optimisation of biomass-based industries; and it will provide a practical demonstration of ambient temperature AD. The research and its implementation will thus provide a roadmap for the rapid uptake of this concept, which offers second generation biofuel production from a previously untapped source.

Technical Summary

The research combines fundamental scientific and engineering approaches to treatment of high volume, low-strength industrial effluents from bio-mass based industries. The technology uses anaerobic conversion of organic carbon in the effluent streams to CH4 and CO2. The novel aspect is to adapt this process, which normally operates at mesophilic or thermophilic temperatures, to ambient temperature. This will provide significant energy savings compared to conventional aerobic treatments. Microbial populations will be assessed to elucidate which factors, both metabolic and genetic, allow low temperature adaptation. These changes will be mapped using techniques such as gene pyrosequencing, Fluorescent in situ Hybridisation and radio-labelled tracer experiments. The process kinetics of the reactions will be determined in lab-scale continuously-operated trials and engineering innovations will be introduced, including selective membranes to retain biomass allowing use of different reactive beds and hydraulic regimes. Experiments will assess the effect of in situ gas removal on reaction kinetics and overall rates of biogas production. The results will be used to adapt Anaerobic Digestion Model 1 (ADM1) for low-temperature process simulation.

Low temperature operation results in a higher proportion of CH4 remaining in solution and this represents not only a loss of energy but also an environmental risk from GHG emissions. Devices will be developed based on membrane cartridges in which dissolved methane is either extracted through a membrane into a solvent, or desorbed into a gaseous stream. In both cases dense membranes will be used to prevent evaporation or leakage of the extraction fluid.

The results will be used to design a pilot-scale demonstration of low-temperature AD. Process data will be modelled using both ADM1 and Aspen Plus as an optimisation tool to estimate overall energy and utility savings when the plant is fully integrated into an industrial process.

Planned Impact

The research opens up new opportunities for the use of anaerobic technology in place of conventional effluent treatment, offering not only energy generation but also energy savings. The transition to more energy-efficient systems will provide increased economic competitiveness, particularly in the food and non-food biomass sectors. This will be realised through: a move from net energy consumption for effluent management to net gains; efficiency in energy utilisation by adopting holistic management approaches in which energy from a waste resource is integrated into the production process; improved environmental performance by offsetting GHG emissions through fuel substitution; and savings in natural resources through optimisation of utility services.

For a typical low-strength industrial effluent with a COD of 3 g l-1 the gross energy potential from complete conversion to CH4 is ~11 kWh/m3. To treat this in conventional aerobic systems typically consumes 3 kg O2/m3 at an energy demand of ~7.5 kWh. The total potential gain in converting from aerobic to anaerobic treatment is thus ~19 kWh/m3, ignoring energy costs for pumping, mixing etc in both aerobic and anaerobic systems. It is not realistic to scale this up across every industry sector producing low-strength effluents, but in 2010 for example the EU27 produced around 0.276 Mtonnes of COD in low-strength slaughterhouse wastewaters, equivalent to a gross production of 122 MW continuous or to the energy yield from digestion of around 900,000 tonnes of maize silage. This is from one sector: other large potential sources include dairies; fish and seafood processing; fats and oils; vegetables including potatoes; soft drinks and alcoholic beverages; pharmaceuticals; textiles; and paper and pulp industries. In practice industrial effluents are produced at a wide range of temperatures and strengths but any decrease in operating temperature represents a potential energy saving: particularly where process integration and optimisation techniques are applied. A high-profile example of an integrated design with an enhanced energy balance compared to existing technologies will have a positive impact on the sustainability of the sectors concerned, and offer new market opportunities for technology providers.

A well as supporting the application of new technology, the research will underpin the development of process control and optimisation. This will allow the establishment of reliable and competitive ambient-temperature AD plants by exploiting micro-scale mechanisms, and linking these to macro-scale system performance. To facilitate this, digester designs are considered in relation to the needs of psychroactive communities through concepts such as enhanced biomass retention, selective control of growth rate, and manipulation of metabolic pathways.

A further strength of the work is the collation of AD plant performance data in replicated studies, to provide both microbiological datasets and detailed process information. Use of these to upgrade Anaerobic Digestion Model 1 will create a powerful simulation tool that can be further developed for enhanced process control. Another exciting concept is the potential to enhance performance by shifting the equilibrium of biochemical reactions through selective removal of intermediate metabolites and product gases: this cutting-edge approach may create new opportunities in the biorefinery field, in terms of process control and selective product recovery. The work will also accelerate the development of novel membrane contactors for gas upgrading, which can be used across the industry sector.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The research has shown the potential for ambient temperature anaerobic digestion of industrial wastewater streams, in particular dairy wastewaters. It has added to the knowledge base on the application of both advanced immobilised cell bioreactors including those based on membranes. It has explored the possibilities of using particles for membrane cleaning as well as providing a support medium for anaerobic micro-organisms. the concepts developed are now being explored at pilot-scale.
Exploitation Route The findings are being taken forward by industrial partners: low-temperature operation is now being considered by BV Dairy, and our Irish partners are using the research findings for commercialisation of low-temperature systems.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy,Environment

 
Description The project has been successful in raising awareness of the feasibility and practicality of low-temperature anaerobic digestion of low-strength industrial wastewaters. The results are being taken forward by one of the academic partners via a spin-off company associated with the National University of Ireland - Galway.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy,Environment
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Newton Institutional Link
Amount £145,975 (GBP)
Funding ID 216429889 
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2018
 
Description Collaboration on low-temperature treatment of dairy wastewaters 
Organisation Yildiz Technical University
Country Turkey 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Hosting a 12-month visit from a visiting academic
Collaborator Contribution Funding the visit of a leading academic researcher for 12 months
Impact One paper published, two in preparation
Start Year 2013
 
Description Membrane separation systems 
Organisation Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Know-how on low temperature anaerobic systems
Collaborator Contribution Know-how and materials for construction of membranes and pilot-scale bioreactors
Impact Joint workshop at SJTU
Start Year 2013
 
Description 14th World Congress on Anaerobic Digestion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at the 14th World Congress on Anaerobic Digestion from 15-18 November in Viña del Mar, Chile on work on anaerobic membrane bioreactors carried out in conjunction with the ERA-Net AmbiGAS project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ad14chile.com/
 
Description ADNet Research Colloquium 2017 poster sessions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentations at ADNet Research Colloquium Sept 2017 on research being carried out as part of Newton Link with NUCE, and from ERA-Net AmbiGAs project, IBCat H2AD and CLEANFIBER. Also publicised on social media - see Facebook post 114 on 24 Sept 2017 https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/posts/811962112298248
 
Description AmbiGAS BORRG Presentation 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation by Dr Alba Serna Maza on 09/05/2016 to Bioenergy and Organic Resources Research Group (BORRG) at the University of Southampton, plus external visitors and guests, summarising research progress and results. Approximately 35 participants. Presentation subsequently circulated to attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description AmbiGAS BORRG Presentations 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation by Pakpong Sriprasert on 09/11/2016 to Bioenergy and Organic Resources Research Group (BORRG) at the University of Southampton, plus external visitors and guests, summarising research progress and results, followed by extended discussions with AmbiGAS participants and interested parties. Approximately 35 participants. Presentation subsequently circulated to attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description AmbiGAS Biogas Science posting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact University of Southampton Environment Lab Facebook post describing AmbiGAS presentation at Biogas 2016 conference in Szeged, Hungary on 21-24 August 2016. Viewed by 150 people to date. See post 74 on 14/09/2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/
 
Description AmbiGAS Biogas Science presentation 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation by Pakpong Sriprasert to Biogas Science 2016 conference 21-24 August 2016 in Szeged, Hungary on membrane cleaning by non-absorbent particles and gas-sparged AnMBR.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.biogas-science-2016.hu/
 
Description AmbiGAS CDT presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation by Dr Alba Serna Maza at CDT University of Southampton about general background of anaerobic digestion and ambient temperature treatment of low-strength industrial wastewater. Challenges and engineered solutions. 1-10 people/postgraduate students. 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description AmbiGAS ECR presentations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentations by Dr Alba Serna Maza and by Pakpong Sriprasert to the Early Career Researchers meeting funded by BBSRC ADNet, Birmingham 4-5 July 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://adbioresources.org/events/ad-network-early-career-researcher-event
 
Description AmbiGAS GAC cleaning video 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Information and video clip on GAC membrane cleaning experiments posted to University of Southampton Environment Lab Facebook site. Post viewed by over 200 people, primarily academic / research / industry but also public and schools. Video clip viewed over 130 times. For details see post 61 placed on 26/05/2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/
 
Description AmbiGAS Gravitational AnMBR video 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Information and video clip giving tour of gravitational anaerobic membrane bioreactor posted to University of Southampton Environment Lab Facebook s. Post viewed by over 150 people, primarily academic / research / industry but also public and schools. Video clip viewed over 100 times. For details see post 55 placed on 06/04/2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/
 
Description AmbiGAS poster presentation for FoodWasteNet 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster on ERA-NET AmbiGAS project results to FoodWaste Net "adding value to food processing waste & by-products" workshop - 45 people/national: Alba Serna-Maza, Sonia Heaven, Charles J. Banks. Anaerobic digestion of low-strength dairy wastewater at ambient temperature. Adding value to food processing waste & by-products. Aston University. 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description AmbiGAS presentation ADNet ECR Conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation of AmbiGAS results by Dr Alba Serna Maza to the AD Net Early Career Researcher conference 3-4 July 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description AmbiGAS presentation ADNet ECR conf 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation on ERA-NET AmbiGAS project results to AD Net Early Career Conference - 45 people/early researchers/national: Alba Serna-Maza, Sonia Heaven, Charles J. Banks. Ambient temperature anaerobic digestion of low-strength dairy wastewater in UASB reactors. Early career researcher conference ADnet. Warwick University. 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.anaerobicdigestionnet.com/ecr%20jun%2015.htm
 
Description AmbiGAS project page BORRG Soton 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project webpage on Bioenergy and Organic Resources Research Group website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bioenergy.soton.ac.uk/projects/AmbiGAS%20151028.pdf
 
Description AmbiGAS project page Soton website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project webpage on university of Southampton website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.southampton.ac.uk/engineering/research/projects/ambigas.page
 
Description AnMBR Cleaning workshop - Jun 16 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Additional dissemination of workshop on in situ cleaning of membranes in AnMBR on 20 June 2016 in Southampton, supported by BBSRC's ADNet. Guest speaker Prof Jaeho Bae from Inha University, Korea. Presentations from Dr Alba Serna Maza and Pakpong Sriprasert (AmbiGAS) and Dr Craig Dolder (BIOWAMET). A post about the workshop on University of Southampton Environment Lab Facebook site was viewed by over 700 people. See post 63 on 28/06/2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/
 
Description AnMBR Workshop presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at ADNet specialist workshop on anaerobic membrane bioreactors featuring work carried out as part of the Era -NET BBSRC AmbiGAS project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.anaerobicdigestionnet.com/anmbr2016.htm
 
Description AnMBR presentation ECOFUEL Shanghai 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at specialist session on anaerobic membrane bioreactors in joint international ECOFUEL workshop held in Shanghai 7-8 Nov 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ecofuel.soton.ac.uk/workshops.htm
 
Description AnMBR presentation Inha University Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at Inha University to specialist group of researchers from Korean Universities and practitioners from Korean Industry on work on anaerobic membrane bioreactors carried out as part of AmbiGAS project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description AnMBR update (Heaven Jan 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation by Prof S Heaven on 18 Oct 2018 of research progress and activities on AmbiGAS (BB/L000024/1) and Newton Link projects to members of the Bioenergy and Organic Resources Research Group (BORRG) at the University of Southampton. Approx 25 attendees, presentation also posted and available on Faculty Groupsite
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description BORRG Presentation on AmbiGAS results (Serna Maza, May 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation on results of experimental studies by Dr Alba Serna Maza to Bioenergy and Organic Resources Research Group (BORRG, www.bioenergy.soton.ac.uk) at the University of Southampton, plus visiting researchers and guests. Approx 30 attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ERA-Net 10 Year Anniversary Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk led to discussions of role of funding and possible future options for organisation and management, as well as topic-specific research discussions

Too early to tell as activity completed this week
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.eranetbioenergy.net/website/exec/front?id=15241-6e65742e6572616e65742e4e657773
 
Description ERA-Net and BESTF2 Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentations on AmbiGAS (BB/L000024/1) and BioWaMet (BB/M025691/1) at ERA-Net conference in Stockholm in June 2017. Items also reported on Environmental Laboratory Facebook page, viewed by ober 400 people, 10 Likes. for further details and related posts see https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/posts/765653606929099
 
Description EU-China Workshop presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation led to scientific discussion

It was decided to put forward proposals for formation of a continuing partnership between the main participants
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://sese.sjtu.edu.cn/upload_image/files/Workshop%20Brochure%208-9%20Nov%202014%20Shanghai.pdf
 
Description Facebook post 17 Soton Env Lab 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Post on University of Southampton Environmental Lab Facebook page about ERA-Net AmbiGAS work on anaerobic membrane bioreactors
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton
 
Description Facebook post 25 Soton Env Lab 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Post on University of Southampton Environmental Lab Facebook page about anaerobic membrane bioreactor optimisation in ERA-Net AmbiGAS project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton
 
Description Facebook post 27 Soton Env Lab 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Post on University of Southampton Environmental Lab Facebook page about ERA-Net AmbiGAS anaerobic membrane bioreactors
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton
 
Description Facebook post 51 Soton Env Lab 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Posting on Facebook page of University of Southampton Environmental Laboratories about visit to Korea for exchange of information on anaerobic membrane bioreactor systems, linked to ERA-Net AmbiGAS project and supported by ADNet.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton
 
Description IWA 15th World AD conference - AmbiGAS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation "Ambient temperature anaerobic digestion of low-strength dairy wastewater in submerged membrane bioreactors" on results from AmbiGAS project, by Dr Alba Serna Maza at the 15th IWA World Conference on Anaerobic Digestion in Beijing, 17-20 Oct 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Innovate UK Pilot trials with Clearfleau and BV Dairy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Post on pilot-scale anaerobic membrane reactors trials carried out by Clearfleau and BV Dairy with support from the University of Southampton as part of ERA-Net AmbiGAS project funded by Innovate UK and RCUK. Item seen by over 500 people, 12 Likes. See post 120 on https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton for related materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/posts/839209159573543
 
Description NUCE presentations Hanoi 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentations by Prof Charles Banks and Dr Sonia Heaven to staff, students and invited industry participants in a seminar at the National University of Civil Engineering (NUCE) in Hanoi, Vietnam on 22 August 2016. One presentation specifically covered the AmbiGAS project. Work on BIOWAMET, which is related to the collaboration with NUCE through a Newton Institutional Link (216429889), was also highlighted in the seminar and in subsequent meetings with industry and local organisations during a one-week visit. As a result of this visit it was proposed to investigate opportunities for a pilot-scale project in Hanoi.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Newton Link Update 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Update on activities in Newton Link with NUCE in Vietnam, covering links with preceding and related research projects on anaerobic membrane bioreactors, including the ERA-Net BESTF2 BioWaMet project. Item viewed by 565 people with 17 Likes. See post 111 29 Aug 2017 on https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/posts/801276116700181
 
Description Newton Link and AnMBR events 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A series of events involving Newton Link and related project (AmbiGAS, BioWaMet) participants, including Newton Day in British Council offices in Hanoi; presentations at IWA World conference in Beijing; and presentation to the bioenergy and Organic resources research Group at Southampton. Events reported on the Environment lab Facebook page in post 121 on 28 Nov 2017, viewed by over 1000 people with 20 Likes. See https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/ for related posts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.facebook.com/environmental.lab.university.of.southampton/posts/842543949240064
 
Description Presentation to WEF workshop Washington 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at specialist session of joint Water Environment Federation / International Water Association Washington meeting 2015 on work on anaerobic membrane bioreactors carried out as part of AmbiGAS project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.wef.org/WEF-IWAResBio2015Workshops/
 
Description WIRC Water Science and Engineering Conference 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation by Prof Charles Banks to Water Innovation Research Centre Conference on 13-14 July 2016 in Bath, UK. International audience including water industry figures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bath.ac.uk/research/centres/wirc/events/wirc_launch.html
 
Description Workshop: Cleaning anaerobic membrane bioreactors (University of Southampton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a smaller specialist workshop looking at a very specific issue. The University of Southampton was fortunate to have available a world-leading expert on this topic - Prof Jaeho Bae - Korea. The workshop featured presentations and discussion on this subject and was largely attended by a regional audience but also attracted some industry/academic interest from the wider AD Network membership. Attendees were privy to an in depth and broad ranging technical overview of the state of the art in this topic area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://anaerobicdigestionnet.com/memclean%2016.htm