Social, Economic and Environmental Drivers of Zoonoses in Tanzania (SEEDZ)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: College of Medical, Veterinary, Life Sci

Abstract

Livestock are critical for the food security and livelihoods of almost 600 million people worldwide, and represent an important resource that has the potential to support economic development of many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. However, livestock also act as a source of zoonoses, diseases that can be transmitted to people from animals. There is growing recognition that zoonotic diseases have a profound impact on the health and livelihoods of some of the world's poorest people. This is especially the case for endemic zoonoses that are widespread in low-income countries, including Tanzania.

The zoonotic diseases that are the focus of this study, brucellosis, Q-fever and Rift Valley Fever (RVF), can all result in livestock production losses and cause severe fever-causing illnesses in people, with the potential for chronic disability (brucellosis and Q fever), as well as fatal haemorrhagic disease (RVF). Zoonoses that causing fevers are particularly problematic because they are difficult to diagnose on symptoms alone, and in sub-Saharan Africa are almost always misdiagnosed, often as malaria, with serious consequences for human health.

Livestock systems in Africa are undergoing rapid transition. Changes in market dynamics, land-use and agricultural policy, environmental factors, cultural practices and technology are all changing the way people keep and manage livestock, both for food and as sources of income. However, the consequences of these changes on zoonotic disease risk are almost unknown.

This project will use the case of Tanzania to explore the nature of livestock systems, focusing on two systems undergoing rapid transition: (1) the pastoral-wildlife sector affected particularly by expansion of crop-based agriculture, and (2) the peri-urban livestock sector. Within these systems, we will compare communities that vary in relation to their connectivity with urban centres and wildlife areas to characterise drivers of change (environmental, social, economic, demographic and governance). We will examine how these relate to risks of diseases transmitted to people from animals and how these diseases affect household livelihoods and poverty. We will first develop models of disease risk using information on these three zoonotic diseases in northern Tanzania. From this, we will produce a model that can be applied to several other zoonotic diseases and which will allow us to anticipate how drivers may affect livestock systems and zoonotic disease risks in the future.

Throughout the project, quantitative epidemiological approaches and disease modelling will be complemented by qualitative research (including interviews, focus group discussions and participatory methods) to enable researchers to understand patterns of risk of disease transmission but also the reasoning that lies behind people's decisions to respond (or not) to this risk. This will also help to ensure that policy interventions to mitigate disease risk are developed in a way that is appropriate to, and therefore more likely to be accepted by, the communities in question.

This project is necessarily interdisciplinary and is jointly led by an epidemiologist and a social scientist, which will ensure that scientific and social scientific issues and mutual understanding between disciplines remain central to the project. The international team represents wide-ranging expertise in livestock systems, disease modelling, qualitative social sciences, economics, and development, and also includes policy-makers at national and international levels to inform study design and dissemination approaches that will maximise the uptake of research findings. Annual meetings and regular Skype calls will ensure the exchange of ideas between disciplinary and national backgrounds and will enhance interaction and mentoring between staff at different stages of their careers. The project provides a valuable platform for training opportunities and capacity-building.

Technical Summary

This project will examine and assess drivers, risks and impacts of zoonotic diseases - brucellosis, Q fever and Rift Valley Fever - that affect cattle, sheep and goats, and impact on human health, livelihoods and poverty in pastoral and peri-urban communities in Tanzania.

The project will use inter-disciplinary methodologies from qualitative social sciences, epidemiology and economics to examine how these drivers influence human behaviour and livestock contact networks, and how these, in turn, affect transmission of zoonotic pathogens from livestock to people. Quantitative and qualitative data pertaining to all these elements will be collected coherently in one geographical system, explicitly integrating network patterns and infection dynamics with human economic incentives and behavioural responses.

The research methodology includes: (a) qualitative social science and GIS studies to identify and assess drivers of change in livestock systems; (b) cross-sectional epidemiological studies to determine pathogen exposure patterns in linked human and livestock populations; (c) quantitative and qualitative analyses to identify risk factors for transmission in different communities; (d) analyses of household survey data to link serology with livestock reproductive disease and human disease syndromes (febrile illness, reproductive disease, joint pain) and analysis of confirmed human cases across pastoral and peri-urban sites; (e) development of compartmental network disease models and agent-based simulations that incorporate human behaviour and economics; (f) development of household-level economic models and qualitative social autopsies to determine disease impact on family income and livelihoods; (g) model simulations to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention strategies, and qualitative methods to understand factors affecting acceptability of interventions, with engagement of policy-makers throughout the project to support uptake of findings.

Planned Impact

The outputs of this project will substantially advance our understanding of how social, environmental and economic drivers of change affect zoonotic disease risks in Tanzania through changing patterns of livestock ownership, management and human behaviour. The project will focus on three diseases - brucellosis, Q fever and Rift Valley Fever - for which existing interventions (eg livestock vaccination/husbandry, food preparation) have the potential for mitigating disease risks, but are not widely adopted. We will evaluate the epidemiological effectiveness of interventions, as well as the social, economic and behavioural factors that affect acceptability and uptake at community and policy levels. As a result, we will identify methodologies for promoting their uptake to provide practical and immediate ways of minimising disease risk. Through detailed evaluation of disease impact on household livelihoods and poverty, including impacts through human febrile illness and livestock production losses, we will raise awareness of these diseases for evidence-based policy decisions.

These outputs and outcomes will generate benefits for a broad constituency of stakeholders: livestock-owners, other men and women who work with livestock, and consumers in pastoral and peri-urban communities in Tanzania (with relevance for many other parts of Africa); scientists from a range of disciplines in human and animal health, social sciences and economics; and veterinary and medical practitioners.

Direct beneficiaries will include communities within the study sites, who will benefit in the near-term as a result of improved awareness of zoonotic diseases and steps that can be taken to reduce disease risks. Enhanced clinical awareness and diagnostic capacity will also improve management of human febrile illness. In the medium-term, communities from across Tanzania, and the sub-Saharan African region will benefit from identification of appropriate intervention strategies in livestock, and the engagement of policy makers with livestock-keepers and researchers throughout the project will ensure that interventions are more likely to be implemented. Community-level benefits will include improved health of people and reduced productivity losses in livestock, which will enhance food security and livelihoods.

The academic users of the research will include social scientists, epidemiologists, disease modellers and economists, who will be able to apply insights gained and frameworks established in this project to a range of zoonotic disease problems in other settings. It will also provide interdisciplinary skills for researchers and policy-makers at many different levels, particularly enhancing capacity for social sciences within Tanzanian institutions, which will generate capacity to tackle future interdisciplinary challenges.

Policy-makers in Tanzania, as well as international organizations, will benefit from the evidence base generated by this research to support the development of appropriate and integrated policies that relate to livestock and wildlife systems, as well as human health. Engagement of policy-makers throughout the project, and the involvement of project members in regional and international networks, consortia and advisory groups, will facilitate dissemination and uptake of research findings.

The project will generate a valuable set of quantitative and qualitative data, including human and livestock sera, with detailed contextual information that adds value to their use for research into other diseases. We will also establish and extend laboratory diagnostic capacity for these diseases in northern Tanzania to support research beyond the project. The project will provide an excellent opportunities training and networking, both within the ZELS programme and other One Health capacity-building and research initiatives. The project thus has great potential to enhance the visibility and competitiveness of UK and Tanzanian scie

Publications

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Allan KJ (2018) Assessment of animal hosts of pathogenic Leptospira in northern Tanzania. in PLoS neglected tropical diseases

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Allan KJ (2015) Renewing the momentum for leptospirosis research in Africa. in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

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Ao TT (2015) Global burden of invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella disease, 2010(1). in Emerging infectious diseases

 
Title Daisy Lafarge Blog - Tall Sister 
Description Personal blog reflecting on the zoonoses research of the LLH team in northern Tanzania. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Original and alternative view of zoonotic disease research which reaches the LLH newsletter audience. 
URL http://dadamrefu.blogspot.co.uk/
 
Description The project has developed a data-driven classification for agro-ecological systems that has great potential value for research on livestock health in Tanzania and elsewhere, and has already attracted widespread interest (e.g. from FAO) and has been submitted for review in PLOS One, now available as a pre-print (https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.02.10.941617v1.article-metrics). It has also developed approaches to simulating a complete livestock movement network in Tanzania based on livestock movement permit data. Together with the establishment of and support to the Zoonoses Lab at the Kilimanjaro Clinical Research Institute, which has generated data on disease prevalence and incidence, the project has identified key drivers affecting zoonoses in Northern Tanzania.
The project has identified a clear narrative that links changes in climate, policy and land-use to changing patterns of livestock-keeping in northern Tanzania, and has examined consequences of these changes for livestock and zoonotic disease risk, household livelihoods and expenditure, and the design and development of potential interventions. In pastoral communities, we have evidence that livestock-keepers are shifting to keeping small ruminant livestock in preference to cattle in response to climate uncertainty (e.g. the increasing frequency and duration of droughts), reduced availability of grazing (e.g. as a result of a shorter growing season), and reduced access to grazing land (as a result of wildlife and livestock policy drivers). However, rates of disease are higher for small ruminants than cattle, and re-stocking with small ruminants is associated with higher rates of livestock disease, which has the potential to trap pastoralists into a negative spiral of disease introductions, disease losses, and re-stocking.
The study has also highlighted the potential economic importance of these zoonoses as a cause of livestock abortions, showing that cattle abortions are associated with decreased household spending on health, and increased expenditure on food and livestock management. Our findings further demonstrate that people in pastoral communities are at consistently higher risk of zoonotic infections than other livestock-owning households and are significantly more likely to engage in high-risk behaviours (in terms of zoonotic disease risk) than people in other communities. In combination with analyses from ZELS Brucella (BB/L018845/1), the project has shown that small ruminants play a critical role in the epidemiology of several zoonoses, acting as an important source of human brucellosis and important hosts for Coxiella burnetii (the cause of Q-fever). The shifts in livestock-keeping are also likely to have resulted in the emergence of a fatal neurological syndrome in sheep and goats, coenurosis cerebralis, with a zoonotic cestode parasite, Taenia multiceps, shown to be the most common cause. The importance of this disease as a problem for pastoralists was highlighted through community-based studies and subsequent surveys confirmed that the disease has a major impact on livelihoods, killing between 11% and 34% sheep and goats each year. Studies are now on-going to work with people in affected communities to co-develop preventive interventions.
Collectively, these results demonstrate that sheep and goats are of increasing significance in pastoral communities and that prevention and control of zoonotic diseases likely to have important potential benefits for human health, livestock productivity and household livelihoods. However, implementing effective interventions for small ruminant diseases is likely to be challenging and needs to address issues around the relative social and economic value of small ruminants compared with cattle, as well as people's perceptions of disease risk and the benefits of control.
Several key findings have emerged from analysis of data on Rift Valley Fever infection. Analysis of serological data has shown consistent low-level circulation of RVF virus in people and livestock between major epidemics, with RVFV subsequently shown to be causing disease outbreaks in livestock that have not previously been reported. Our study has also demonstrated that raw milk is an important potential source of infection, with consumption of raw milk a highly significant risk factor for RVFV exposure in people, and with RVF virus detected in the milk of cattle that had aborted from RVF. These results have important implications for development of measures to prevent RVF infection and outbreaks in people and livestock.
Exploitation Route Results from the project have fed in to a number of policy fora including the launch of Tanzania's National Action Plan for Health Security 2017-2022; the launch of One Health Strategic Plan, Tanzania, 2018 and the National AMR Surveillance Plan in the Food and Agriculture Sector. The results of the project have also fed into a series of meetings on combating zoonotic diseases in Tanzania with special focus on Anthrax, Brucellosis and Q-fever. We expect it to have increased relevance to future policy making in this rapidly developing sector.
Results from the RVF, Coxiella burnetii and Brucella analyses were presented at a stakeholder meeting at the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Dodoma, Tanzania, and a policy brief summarising the implications of new findings on RVF circulated to officials and field staff within the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries and Ministry of Health.
Our findings highlighting the importance of Taenia multiceps have been taken forward in subsequent studies to determine the prevalence of infection across different farming communities and to develop interventions to mitigate disease burden (BB/R020027/1). As part of the SEEDZ study, we developed a range of educational materials (leaflets, video) which have been disseminated through community workshops, meetings of livestock and veterinary officer and through YouTube video channels (https://youtu.be/Bzdu6Lmpi6A). Follow-up surveys conducted as part of subsequent studies (BBRS013857/1) have indicated that ~ 15% pastoral households in areas where we have not previously been working have received information about the parasite lifecycle and the preventive measures that can be taken to reduce transmission risks. The video has also been circulated more widely in the East African region, where the disease appears to be widespread, through communication with FAO, pastoral/livestock NGOs and other academic groups (e.g. University of Bristol).
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://livestocklivelihoodsandhealth.org
 
Description Results from the project have fed in to a number of policy fora including the launch of Tanzania's National Action Plan for Health Security 2017-2022; the launch of One Health Strategic Plan, Tanzania, 2018 and the National AMR Surveillance Plan in the Food and Agriculture Sector. The results of the project have also fed into a series of meetings on combating zoonotic diseases in Tanzania with special focus on Anthrax, Brucellosis and Q-fever. We expect it to have increased relevance to future policy making in this rapidly developing sector. Results from the RVF, Coxiella burnetii and Brucella analyses were presented at a stakeholder meeting at the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Dodoma, Tanzania, and a policy brief summarising the implications of new findings on RVF circulated to officials and field staff within the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries and Ministry of Health. Further policy briefs on Coxiella burnetii and Taenia multiceps have been requested by the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries and will be circulated shortly. Our findings highlighting the importance of Taenia multiceps have been taken forward in subsequent studies to determine the prevalence of infection across different farming communities and to develop interventions to mitigate disease burden (BB/R020027/1). As part of the SEEDZ study, we developed a range of educational materials (leaflets, video) which have been disseminated through community workshops, meetings of livestock and veterinary officer and through YouTube video channels (https://youtu.be/Bzdu6Lmpi6A). Follow-up surveys conducted as part of subsequent studies (BBRS013857/1) have indicated that ~ 15% pastoral households in areas where we have not previously been working have received information about the parasite lifecycle and the preventive measures that can be taken to reduce transmission risks. The video has also been circulated more widely in the East African region, where the disease appears to be widespread, through communication with FAO, pastoral/livestock NGOs and other academic groups (e.g. University of Bristol).
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Healthcare
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Anthrax and Brucellosis Contribution (ABC) - Input to National Strategy Development
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description CME - Endulen Hospital Aug 2016
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Attended by 10 members of the clinical and support staff working at Endulen hospital, Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Attendees included doctors, clinical officers, nurses and lab/pharmacy technicians. Dr Michael Maze, Infectious Diseases Physician at KCMC and University of Otago led the session, which covered guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of brucellosis (and febrile patients more generally) and included detailed discussion of history taking and the use and interpretation of available diagnostic tools.
 
Description Development and delivery of training materials for One Health Rapid Response Teams in Tanzania
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Knowledge gained from epidemiological analyses of zoonotic pathogens and RVF outbreak investigation protocols were used in One Health training for human and animal health professionals across seven regions in Tanzania, involving 34 participants in the June 2020 course and 44 participants in the December 2020 course. Participants came from the One Health Coordination Desk, Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, President's Office, Regional Administration and Local Governments, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism Sokoine University of Agriculture and USAID. Training covered epidemiological surveillance and outbreak investigation in relation to transmission of six Priority Zoonotic Diseases involving Dr. E. Swai and Prof. R. Kazwala.
 
Description Impact Accelerator Workshop June 2016
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Attended by 19 people representing Faraja Health Care Centre, Jaffery Charitable Medical Services, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Kilimanjaro Clinical Research Institute, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Majengo Healthcare Centre, Mawenzi District Hospital, Moshi Upendo Healthcare Centre, Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Senior and Children, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Pasua Healthcare Centre, St Joseph's Hospital, and TPC Hospital. This workshop provided information about the Livestock, Livelihoods and Health pathogens to doctors from across northern Tanzania, and gathered feedback on what sorts of zoonoses doctors encountered, what kinds of information would be helpful for them to receive and what information would be useful for patients to receive regarding zoonotic disease.
 
Description Integrated priority zoonotic diseases surveillance guidelines development validation retreat Jan 2018
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to a national consultation/review
 
Description Kenya brucellosis control plan
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact Research demonstrated poor performance of the diagnostic test used for human brucellosis in health facilities in Kenya. Recommendations were made (based on our own research and a summary of the published literature) for the phasing out of this test and replacement with an alternative that uses similar technology, is low cost and has higher specificity.
 
Description Knowledge Exchange Workshop - NCA Aug 2016
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Attended by 25 people (Community Animal Health Workers, Livestock Field Officers, nurses, medical attendants, hospital administrators, pastoral council representatives, medical doctors, medical attendants and clinical officers) representing nine wards of the eleven wards in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (Ngoile, Ngorongoro, Olbalbal, Eyasi, Kakesio, Endulen, Laitole, Misigiyo, Alailelai). Content of the 3-day workshop focussed on anthrax and brucellosis, particularly identifying the nature of the challenges associated with these diseases and developing ideas for surveillance, prevention and treatment.
 
Description OHZDP Workshop June 2017
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact A week-long retreat post workshop attended by represntatives from Tanzania's Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MoALF), Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children (MoHCDGEC), FAO, College of Veterinary and Medical Sciences of the Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI) and One Health Coordination Unit under the Prime Minister's Office in Tanzania. The retreat focused on developing the guuidlines for priority zoonotic diseases that were agreed upon in Marxh 2017. These were: raboes, Rift Valley fever (RVF) and viral heamorrhagic fevers such as Ebola and Marburg), zoonotic avian infleunzas, anthrax, human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) and brucellosis.
 
Description One Health Strategic Plan for Tanzania
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL http://livestocklivelihoodsandhealth.org/blog/one-health-plan/
 
Description RVF Policy Brief
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Tanzania One Health Strategic Plan workshop - Sept 2016
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Attended by 35 representatives from Disaster Management Department of the Prime Minister's Office, Ministry of Health, Gender, Children and Elders, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Ardhi Institute, TAWIRI, SUA, TVLA, NIMRI, SACIDs, SUA, MUHAS, Ministry of Health and Livestock Zanzibar, CDC, FAO, WHO country offices, USAID P&R - country and regional offices. Presentation of LLH research programme and feedback from LLH attendees contributed to incorporation of antimicrobial resistance, endemic zoonoses and non-infectious conditions.
 
Description Writeshop to develop Strategic prevention and control plans for Anthrax and Brucellosis, August 2017
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to a national consultation/review
 
Description Afrique One ASPIRE
Amount £5,250,000 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2021
 
Description Atypical bovine morbillivirus infections in the Serengeti ecosystem
Amount £485,660 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R004250/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2020
 
Description BBSRC IAAF
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2016 
End 04/2017
 
Description BBSRC Innovator of the Year Award 2017
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Funding ID International impact Category winner of BBSRC Innovator of the Year 2017 competition 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2017 
End 05/2020
 
Description BBSRC research grant
Amount £477,877 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R004250/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2020
 
Description Data-driven modelling of future zoonotic risks in northern Tanzania
Amount £70,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2020 
End 09/2024
 
Description Exploring the role of One Health approaches to reduce the impact of drought on human and animal health in semi-arid areas of Tanzania - Wdg and AD
Amount £800 (GBP)
Funding ID 302622/0 
Organisation Government of Scotland 
Department Scottish Funding Council
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 04/2018
 
Description GCRF Small Grants COVID-19 Rapid Response
Amount £142,975 (GBP)
Organisation Government of Scotland 
Department Scottish Funding Council
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2020 
End 07/2020
 
Description Identifying inter-epizootic transmission routes of Rift Valley fever virus in Tanzania to inform targeted control strategies for outbreak response
Amount £1,277,788 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/W003333/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2021 
End 10/2025
 
Description Impact Accelerator 2015
Amount £5,900 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 11/2016
 
Description Lord Kelvin Adam Smith scholarship
Amount £90,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2014 
End 09/2017
 
Description MRC-AHRC Global Public Health: Partnership Awards
Amount £176,425 (GBP)
Funding ID MR/R024448/1 
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 08/2019
 
Description Operationalizing One Health Interventions in Tanzania (OOHTZ)
Amount £518,859 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/S013857/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 01/2021
 
Description STARS Training Grant: ASTRAL
Amount £93,590 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R020280/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 02/2020
 
Description Supporting Evidence Based Interventions
Amount $1,149,879 (USD)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 03/2017 
End 09/2019
 
Description Sustainable interventions for an emerging livestock disease problem in Tanzania
Amount £63,797 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R020027/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2018 
End 09/2019
 
Description Sustainable interventions for an emerging livestock disease problem in Tanzania
Amount £56,748 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R020027/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 09/2019
 
Description William Evans Visiting Fellow
Amount $7,500 (NZD)
Organisation University of Otago 
Sector Academic/University
Country New Zealand
Start 09/2016 
End 11/2016
 
Description Working Towards the Elimination of Multiple Neglected Tropical Diseases
Amount $99,000 (USD)
Funding ID OPP1129149 
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 05/2015 
End 09/2016
 
Description ZELS-AS doctoral training centre
Amount £1,500,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2015 
End 03/2019
 
Title Analysing livestock network data for infectious diseases control: an argument for routine data collection in emerging economies 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Classification and characterisation of livestock production systems in northern Tanzania 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/1098
 
Title Inter-epidemic Rift Valley fever virus infection in livestock and risks for zoonotic spillover in northern Tanzania 
Description Human and animal seroprevalence data collected in northern Tanzania between 2013 and 2015. Used for the analysis of the paper titled "Inter-epidemic Rift Valley fever virus infection in livestock and risks for zoonotic spillover in northern Tanzania". 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/1239
 
Title Latent class evaluation of the performance of serological tests for exposure to Brucella spp. in cattle, sheep, and goats in Tanzania 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/1121
 
Title Mixed methods survey of zoonotic disease awareness and practice among animal andhuman healthcare providers in Moshi, Tanzania 
Description Data accompanying publication 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/262
 
Title Molecular detection and genetic characterization of Bartonella species from rodents and their associated ectoparasites from northern Tanzania 
Description Three excel files that include rodent, flea and genotype level data (as indicated in file names). These together provide the source data for the work presented in the paper. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Molecular detection and typing of pathogenic Leptospira in febrile patients and phylogenetic comparison with Leptospira detected among animals in Tanzania 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Peste des petits ruminants seroprevalence in northern Tanzania across sheep, goats and cattle 
Description Herzog, C., de Glanville, W., Willett, B., Kibona, T., Cattadori, I., Kapur, V., Hudson, P.J., Buza J., Cleaveland S., Bjørnstad, O. (2019). Pastoral production is associated with increased peste des petits ruminants seroprevalence in northern Tanzania across sheep, goats and cattle. Epidemiology and Infection, 147, E242. doi:10.1017/S0950268819001262; 2. Herzog, C.M.; de Glanville, W.A.; Willett, B.J.; Cattadori, I.M.; Kapur, V.; Hudson, P.J.; Buza, J.; Swai, E.S.; Cleaveland, S.; Bjørnstad, O.N. Identifying Age Cohorts Responsible for Peste Des Petits Ruminants Virus Transmission among Sheep, Goats, and Cattle in Northern Tanzania. Viruses 2020, 12, 186. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/966
 
Title Prevalence and speciation of brucellosis in febrile patients from a pastoralist community of Tanzania 
Description There are 2 datasets in this collection: 1 - individual level data: "SciRep_Brucella_IndividualLevelData_DATE.csv" contains individual level data for individuals included in the study. Metadata includes: arbitrary unique individual ID, Brucella blood culture results, Brucella SAT test results, individual classifiers for probable and confirmed case definitions presented in the study, demographic, reported symptom and risk factor variables extracted from the questionnaire performed for the study (variable names prefixed "Q_"), clinical diagnosis and treatment variables (variable names prefixed "C_") Dates are removed from the dataset to prevent any potential identifiability of study participants 2 - culture level data: "SciRep_Brucella_CultureLevelData_DATE.csv" contains culture bottle level data for individuals included in the study. Metadata includes: arbitrary unique individual ID and ID for all Brucella culture positive individuals corresponding to figure in article. Blood culture data indicating the bottle type for each culture ("CultureBottle"), Brucella result and validity for for every bottle ("Brucella_Result_Validity), name of any bacteria isolated ("BacteriaName"), indicators for bacteria identified as likely contaminants ("Contaminant") and for bottle volume adequacy("VolumeAdequacy") Dates and times are removed from the dataset to prevent any potential identifiability of study participants 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/978
 
Title Risk management and response to livestock disease losses in agropastoral households of northern Tanzania 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Taenia multiceps coenurosis in Tanzania: a major and under-recognised livestock disease problem in pastoral communities 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title The coefficient of determination R² 
Description R² is an output from a linear model that quantifies the amount of variation explained by the model (the higher the R² the better the model is). This is an improved method for estimating R² for generalized linear mixed models with particular implications for biologically meaningful interpretations of GLMMs. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2017.0213 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The method has been applied in field ecology and evolution in [R] environment but can be useful across disciplines. 
URL https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2017.0213
 
Title Zoonotic causes of febrile illness in malaria endemic countries: a systematic review 
Description Data accompanying publication and findings of systematic review 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/890
 
Description Collaboration - Institute of Development Studies 
Organisation Institute of Development Studies
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Development of SEEDZ grant proposal, intellectual contributions.
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual contribution to SEEDZ grant proposal and research activities. Regular attendance at monthly project skype calls and annual in-person meetings.
Impact Successful SEEDZ grant proposal
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with EcoHealth Alliance 
Organisation Ecohealth Alliance
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Sarah Cleaveland is a co-PI on this DTRA-funded grant to investigate Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic fever in Tanzania, with Brian Willett a member of the team. The University of Glasgow team provides support for field study design and implementation, establishment of laboratory diagnostic tests in Tanzania, organisation of training courses for laboratory technicians and medical clinicians, and co-supervision of PhD students registered in Tanzania.
Collaborator Contribution EocHealth Alliance is the award holder and lead organisation involved in managing and implementing the project.
Impact The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving veterinarians, medical clinicians and ecologists.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Collaboration with Kilimanjaro Clinical Research Institute 
Organisation Kilimanjaro Clinical Research Institute
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have provided partial access costs, all staff training, and various pieces of equipment (incubators, spiral plater, pipettes, etc) to a new lab dedicated to Zoonotic Disease. This lab is a new facility resulting from the requirements of our research collaboration with KCRI and is staffed by project employees.
Collaborator Contribution The in-kind contribution noted is the additional bench fees associated with the cost of this lab's operation over the two years the lab has been in operation. Prof. Kibiki participated in the BBSRC-DfiD ZELS launch meeting in London, 10 November 2014, and in a project specific meeting in London, 11 November 2014. Prof Mmbaga participated in the ZELS Grantholders meeting in Cambridge in December 2015, project meetings in Moshi in 2016 and the ZELS Grantholders' meeting in Arusha in January 2017.
Impact Allan KJ, Biggs HM, Halliday JEB, Kazwala RR, Maro VP, Cleaveland SC, Crump JA. 2015. Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9(9): e0003899. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003899 Allan KJ, Halliday JEB, Cleaveland S. 2015. Renewing the momentum for leptospirosis research in Africa. Transaction of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 109 (10). Pp 605-606. DOI: 10.1093/trstmh/trv072 Crump JA, Heyderman RS. A Perspective on Invasive Salmonella Disease in Africa. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2015;61(S4):S235-40. DOI: 10.1093/cid/civ709 Crump JA, Kirk MD. 2015. Estimating the Burden of Febrile Illnesses. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 9(12): e0004040. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004040 Crump JA, Sjölund-Karlsson M, Gordon MA, Parry CM. 15 July 2015. Epidemiology, clinical presentation, laboratory diagnosis, antimicrobial resistance, and antimicrobial management of invasive Salmonella infections. Clin Microbiol Rev doi:10.1128/CMR.00002-15. Penno EC, Baird SJ, Crump JA. 2015. Cost effectiveness of surveillance for bloodstream infections for sepsis management in low resource settings. Am J Trop Med Hyg 93(4), 2015, pp. 850-860. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.15-0083. Viana M, Shirima GM, John KS, Fitzpatrick J, Kazwala RR, Buza JB, Cleaveland S; Haydon DT, Halliday JEB. 2016. Integrating serological and genetic data to quantify cross-species transmission: brucellosis as a case study. Parasitology, available on CJO2016. doi:10.1017/S0031182016000044. Zhang HL, Mnzava KW, Mitchell ST, Melubo ML, Kibona TJ, Cleaveland S, Kazwala RR, Crump JA, Sharp JP, Halliday JEB. 2016. Mixed Methods Survey of Zoonotic Disease Awareness and Practice among Animal and Human Healthcare Providers in Moshi, Tanzania. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(3): e0004476. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004476 Zhang HL, Kunda W, Mnzava KW, Mitchell ST, Melubo ML, Kibona TJ, Sharp JP, Kazwala RR, Cleaveland S, Crump JA, Halliday JEB. Mixed methods survey of zoonotic disease awareness and practice among animal and human healthcare providers in Moshi, Tanzania. Abstract 1105. 64th American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene annual meeting, Philadelphia, PA, 25-29 October 2015.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM) 
Organisation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
Department Department of Vector Biology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are collaborating with LSTM on the NERC-funded project "Identifying inter-epizootic transmission routes of Rift Valley fever virus in Tanzania to inform targeted control strategies for outbreak response". We are providing intellectual and modelling expertise, as well as expertise gained from research experience and collaborations in Northern Tanzania.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaborators at LSTM are leading this project, and providing intellectual input, modelling and vector mapping expertise, and new collaborations with their research partners and other stakeholders in Northern Tanzania.
Impact At this early stage of the project we are collecting data, and developing models, and have not yet produced any outputs.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Collaboration with Nelson Mandela African Institution for Science and Technology 
Organisation Nelson Mandela African Institute for Science and Technology
Department School of Life Sciences and Bioengineering
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Established partnership for livestock disease and zoonoses research with active engagement on development of funding proposals and co-supervision of MSc and PhD students.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of laboratory facilities, including minus 80 freezer storage. Contributions to design, implementation and analysis of field research studies in Tanzania, including student supervision. Contributions to development of collaborative research proposals. Contributions to writing of research manuscripts.
Impact Collaboration which was initially established in relation to research on malignant catarrhal fever and has now been extended to foot-and-mouth disease research, rift valley fever, brucellosis and Q-fever, with the institution now a key partner in three BBSRC ZELS projects led by the University of Glasgow. Joint publication in Science on rabies control and elimination. Training of four Tanzanian MSc students, with successful completion of research projects. Successful collaboration for ZELS grant funding of zoonoses and emerging livestock systems (ZELS) projects Successful collaboration on Bill and Melinda Gates Grants funding for a doctoral training program on livestock health and production (16 PhD studentships) Successful collaboration on ZELS associated doctoral training centre Successful collaboration on AfriqueOne ASPIRE programme Joint publication submitted on Rift Valley Fever in the Serengeti Publications: Viana M, Shirima GM, John KS, Fitzpatrick J, Kazwala RR, Buza JB, Cleaveland S; Haydon DT, Halliday JEB. 2016. Integrating serological and genetic data to quantify cross-species transmission: brucellosis as a case study. Parasitology, available on CJO2016. doi:10.1017/S0031182016000044. Zhang HL, Mnzava KW, Mitchell ST, Melubo ML, Kibona TJ, Cleaveland S, Kazwala RR, Crump JA, Sharp JP, Halliday JEB. 2016. Mixed Methods Survey of Zoonotic Disease Awareness and Practice among Animal and Human Healthcare Providers in Moshi, Tanzania. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(3): e0004476. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004476 Conference Presentations: Zhang HL, Kunda W, Mnzava KW, Mitchell ST, Melubo ML, Kibona TJ, Sharp JP, Kazwala RR, Cleaveland S, Crump JA, Halliday JEB. Mixed methods survey of zoonotic disease awareness and practice among animal and human healthcare providers in Moshi, Tanzania. Abstract 1105. 64th American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene annual meeting, Philadelphia, PA, 25-29 October 2015.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Collaboration with Sokoine University of Agriculture 
Organisation Sokoine University of Agriculture
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research team members are in regular contact with collaborators at Sokoine University, including monthly skype calls.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators at Sokoine University are in regular contact with team members, both at annual in-person meetings and via monthly skype calls. Professor Rudovick Kazwala provides results from the collaborative research conducted to policy-makers via meetings such as the Meeting for Tanzania's National One Health Strategic Plan in 2016.
Impact Contribution to Tanzania's One Health Strategic Plan. Contribution to the Tanzania Livestock Modernization Initiative - http://agriprofocus.com/upload/post/Tanzania_Livestock_Modernization_Initiative1437567817.pdf Publications: Allan KJ, Biggs HM, Halliday JEB, Kazwala RR, Maro VP, Cleaveland SC, Crump JA. 2015. Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9(9): e0003899. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003899 Viana M, Shirima GM, John KS, Fitzpatrick J, Kazwala RR, Buza JB, Cleaveland S; Haydon DT, Halliday JEB. 2016. Integrating serological and genetic data to quantify cross-species transmission: brucellosis as a case study. Parasitology, available on CJO2016. doi:10.1017/S0031182016000044. Zhang HL, Mnzava KW, Mitchell ST, Melubo ML, Kibona TJ, Cleaveland S, Kazwala RR, Crump JA, Sharp JP, Halliday JEB. 2016. Mixed Methods Survey of Zoonotic Disease Awareness and Practice among Animal and Human Healthcare Providers in Moshi, Tanzania. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(3): e0004476. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004476 Conference Presentations: Zhang HL, Kunda W, Mnzava KW, Mitchell ST, Melubo ML, Kibona TJ, Sharp JP, Kazwala RR, Cleaveland S, Crump JA, Halliday JEB. Mixed methods survey of zoonotic disease awareness and practice among animal and human healthcare providers in Moshi, Tanzania. Abstract 1105. 64th American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene annual meeting, Philadelphia, PA, 25-29 October 2015.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with Tanzania Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries 
Organisation Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Time contributed to Ministry policy development, input into collaborative research activities.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute intellectually to research proposal development through annual in-person meetings and monthly skype calls. Dr Emmanuel Swai contributes to Ministry policy development and research activities on behalf of the project.
Impact Meeting for Tanzania's National One Health Strategic Plan - Aug 2016 - Emmanuel Swai, Blandina Mmbaga, Rudovick Kazwala and Gabriel Shirima attended. The objective of the 2-day workshop focussed on advocacy and awareness creation for the One Health strategic plan and reflecting on the One Health work plan over the coming 3 months. Attendees (35) included representatives from the Disaster Management Department of the Prime Minister's Office, Ministry of Health, Gender, Children and Elders, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Ardhi Institute, TAWIRI, SUA, TVLA, NIMRI, SACIDs, SUA, MUHAS, Ministry of Health and Livestock Zanzibar, CDC, FAO, WHO country offices, USAID P&R- country and regional offices. Discussions of the One Health Strategy took place and feedback from LLH members contributed to the inclusion of AMR, endemic zoonoses and non-infectious conditions into the document.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with Tanzania Veterinary Laboratory Agency 
Organisation Tanzania Veterinary Laboratory Agency
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaboration with TVLA on research on the aetiology of livestock abortion (Cleaveland PI on BMGF-funded award), Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (Cleaveland co-PI on DTRA-funded award) and Rift Valley fever (Cleaveland co-I on UKRI award led by Lord, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine).
Collaborator Contribution TVLA provide support for field epidemiological studies and laboratory diagnosis.
Impact Publications, co-supervision of PhD student, training courses.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Collaboration with Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI) 
Organisation Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We share samples and data that are helpful to management decisions and research programmes run by TAWIRI.
Collaborator Contribution They provide local expertise, scientific inputs and offer supervisory support to students associated with our research.
Impact Outputs anticipated as part of SEEDZ project
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with University of Otago 
Organisation University of Otago
Country New Zealand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution University of Otago is a partner institution on the Social, Economic and Environmental Drivers of Zoonoses (BB/L018926/1) project. Team members from the University of Glasgow participate in regular meetings (in person and via skype) with research associates at the University of Otago.
Collaborator Contribution Professor John Crump contributes intellectual input into study design for the SEEDZ project. Professor Crump participates in regular skype meetings and annual in-person meetings. In 2016, Professor John Crump and SEEDZ Pi Sarah Cleaveland successfully applied for a William Evans Visiting Fellowship for Prof Cleaveland to travel to New Zealand for six weeks.
Impact William Evans Visiting Fellowship for Professor Sarah Cleaveland, 2016 - $7500 Publications: Allan KJ, Biggs HM, Halliday JEB, Kazwala RR, Maro VP, Cleaveland SC, Crump JA. 2015. Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9(9): e0003899. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003899 Crump JA, Heyderman RS. A Perspective on Invasive Salmonella Disease in Africa. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2015;61(S4):S235-40. DOI: 10.1093/cid/civ709 Crump JA, Kirk MD. 2015. Estimating the Burden of Febrile Illnesses. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 9(12): e0004040. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004040 Crump JA, Sjölund-Karlsson M, Gordon MA, Parry CM. 15 July 2015. Epidemiology, clinical presentation, laboratory diagnosis, antimicrobial resistance, and antimicrobial management of invasive Salmonella infections. Clin Microbiol Rev doi:10.1128/CMR.00002-15. Penno EC, Baird SJ, Crump JA. 2015. Cost effectiveness of surveillance for bloodstream infections for sepsis management in low resource settings. Am J Trop Med Hyg 93(4), 2015, pp. 850-860. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.15-0083. Zhang HL, Mnzava KW, Mitchell ST, Melubo ML, Kibona TJ, Cleaveland S, Kazwala RR, Crump JA, Sharp JP, Halliday JEB. 2016. Mixed Methods Survey of Zoonotic Disease Awareness and Practice among Animal and Human Healthcare Providers in Moshi, Tanzania. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(3): e0004476. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004476 Conference Presentations: Crump JA. The highs and lows of typhoid disease burden: a story of inequities and moving targets. In symposium 510. Bridging the gap towards defining the burden of typhoid in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. 65th American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene annual meeting, Atlanta, GA, 13-17 November 2016. Crump JA. Insights on global epidemiology of severe febrile illness. In symposium 501: Febrile illness: epidemiology, diagnostics, management. 65th American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene annual meeting, Atlanta, GA, 13-17 November 2016. Hopkins H, Thomas NV, Crump JA, González IJ, Guérin PJ, Newton PN, Schellenberg D, Bell D, Reyburn H. Mapping fever aetiologies in malaria-endemic areas: an interactive, open-access, on-line map. Abstract. 9th European Congress on Tropical Medicine and International Health, Basel Switzerland. 6-10 September 2015. Zhang HL, Omondi OM, Musyoka AM, Afwamba IA, Swai RP, Karia FP, Muiruri C, Reddy EA, Crump JA, Rubach MP. The challenges of maintaining Good Clinical Laboratory Practices in low-resource settings: a health program evaluation framework case study from East Africa. Abstract 1326. 64th American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene annual meeting, Philadelphia, PA, 25-29 October 2015. Zhang HL, Kunda W, Mnzava KW, Mitchell ST, Melubo ML, Kibona TJ, Sharp JP, Kazwala RR, Cleaveland S, Crump JA, Halliday JEB. Mixed methods survey of zoonotic disease awareness and practice among animal and human healthcare providers in Moshi, Tanzania. Abstract 1105. 64th American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene annual meeting, Philadelphia, PA, 25-29 October 2015.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with Washington State University 
Organisation Washington State University
Department School of Global Animal Health
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Development of data collection instruments and analytical methodologies for evaluating the economic impact of malignant catarrhal fever in Tanzania. Collaboration on Social, Economic and Environmental Drivers of Zoonoses BB/L018926/1. Successful collaboration on "Supporting Evidence Based Interventions (SEBI)", a Gates-funded initiative.
Collaborator Contribution Team members contribute intellectually to our collaborative activities. Dr Felix Lankester will lead field work relating to the SEBI project, including training for field staff in Tanzania. Team members from WSU attend annual project meetings and participate in monthly research skype calls.
Impact Successful collaboration on the SEEDZ grant Successful collaboration on the Gates-funded SEBI project Successful collaboration on a Gates-funded project on combining intervention platforms Conference presentations: Yoder J. Inferring the value of statistical life from tough tradeoffs: Choosing between the risk of death from rabies and the cost of treatment in rural Tanzania. Invited Lecture - University of Glasgow, 1 September 2016.
Start Year 2011
 
Description GALVmed 
Organisation GALVmed
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaborations established in developing a proposal for a BBSRC translation award
Collaborator Contribution GALVmed will provide support for developing supply chains for the distribution and delivery of veterinary interventions to tackle an emerging cestode disease causing high mortality in small ruminants in impoverished communities of Tanzania and Kenya.
Impact Collaboration just established, no outputs yet.
Start Year 2018
 
Description HAZEL-IDS 
Organisation Institute of Development Studies
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution HAZEL has collaborated with members of IDS on the socio-anthropological asspects of food safety. HAZEL has provided the context, contacts and biological input for this collaboration.
Collaborator Contribution HAZEL has collaborated with members of IDS on the socio-anthropological asspects of food safety. IDS has provided the anthropological expertise for this collaboration.
Impact Multidisciplinary collaboration involving anthropology, human geography, food microbiology, veterinary epidemiology, mathematical modelling. Outputs include 4 blogs, one published paper (PMID: 31269927), one submitted manuscript, and two additional manuscripts in preparation.
Start Year 2018
 
Description IDS-Napier 
Organisation Edinburgh Napier University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have contributed to a grant application to MRC led by Napier University, which builds on contacts developed in part during the HAZEL project.
Collaborator Contribution Napier University has led on a grant application to MRC, which builds on contacts developed in part during the HAZEL project. IDS has contributed to a grant application to MRC led by Napier University, which builds on contacts developed in part during the HAZEL project.
Impact This collaboration resulted in submission of a grant application to MRC (MRC-NIHR funded Global Maternal and Neonatal Health call; submitted 24/04/2019; not funded). Multi-disciplinary collaboration, involving anthropology, veterinary epidemiology, molecular biology, maternal and child health.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UoG - KCRI- Istituto Superiore di Sanità, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Epidemiology, Detection and Control of Cystic and Alveolar Echinococcosis, Rome, Italy 
Organisation National Institute of Health
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution .
Collaborator Contribution .
Impact .
Start Year 2019
 
Description UofG-USYD 
Organisation University of Sydney
Department Faculty of Veterinary Science
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof Zadoks was lead applicant (HAZEL; SNAP-AMR) or co-applicant on the proposals listed in ResearchFish and continues to contribute to ongoing activities despite having moved to the University in Sydney. The University of Sydney covers her salary as in-kind contribution to enable her to continue to contribute to meetings, publications, ResearchFish reporting, etc.
Collaborator Contribution All listed projects were initiated by the partners, including by Prof. Zadoks when she was still employed by the University of Glasgow.
Impact Prof. Zadoks continues to engage with several projects, including through meetings, preparation of manuscripts, and reporting in ResearchFish. Prof. Zadoks' time investment in various projects is still significant and is contributed in-kind by her current employer, the University of Sydney. Multiple disciplines are involved in each project, as reported under various projects where appropriate.
Start Year 2019
 
Description "Can we make rabies history? Realising the value of research for the global elimination of rabies", Leeuwenhoek Lecture, Royal Society, April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prize lecture upon receiving Leeuwenhoek Medal: "Can we make rabies history? Realising the value of research for the global elimination of rabies" at the Royal Society, April 2018. The presentation described how more than 100 years of rabies research provides cause for optimism as to the feasibility of canine rabies elimination but also highlights the need for realism in the path towards elimination, emphasising the importance of partnerships, political will, public engagement and perseverance. Royal Sc
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2018/04/leeuwenhoek-lecture/
 
Description "Rabies elimination: can we rid the world of this devastating disease?", Huxley Lecture, Zoological Society of London/University College London, May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Deliverd the CEE-ZSL Julian Huxley Memorial Lecture "Rabies elimination: can we rid the world of this devastating disease?". The presentation provided a historical perspective to rabies control and elimination efforts and discuss why new research has been needed to tackle canine rabies effectively on a global scale. The presentation focused on Africa and Asia, describing key evidence that has created awareness about the scale of the canine rabies burden, generated optimism about the feasibility of canine rabies elimination, and instilled realism as to the challenges of reaching elimination targets. Broader insights were illustrated in relation to the potential benefits and challenges of One Health approaches to disease control.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 62nd ITM Colloquium: Keynote - Emerging and re-emerging pandemic with a special focus on neglected tropical and zoonotic diseases - Halliday 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote talk to communicate research findings and key messages
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://colloq2021.com/programme/
 
Description A World of Well-Being 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article in The Time Higher Education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A talk of presentation - Poster at World One Health Congress 2020 - Acute Brucellosis Bodenham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presented by Rebecca Bodenham on "Acute brucellosis in humans in northern Tanzania:
determining prevalence, infecting Brucella species and risk factors for infection in a pastoralist community". The congress website recorded 44,456 users. Distribution: 1106 researchers, 562 governments, international organisations.; 61 industry participants; 17 press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://worldonehealthcongress.org
 
Description A talk of presentation - Poster at World One Health Congress 2020 - Brucellosis Diagnostics Lukambagire 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presented by AbdulHamid Lukambagire on "Performance and costs of serological tests for human brucellosis" at the World One Health Congress 2020. The congress website recorded 44,456 users. Distribution: 1106 researchers, 562 governments, international organisations.; 61 industry participants; 17 press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://worldonehealthcongress.org
 
Description A talk of presentation - Poster at World One Health Congress 2020 - Zoonoses and Fever Halliday 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation by Halliday on "A systematic review of zoonotic causes of febrile illness in malaria endemic countries" at the World One Health Congress 2020. The congress website recorded 44,456 users. Distribution: 1106 researchers, 562 governments, international organisations.; 61 industry participants; 17 press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://worldonehealthcongress.org
 
Description American Anthropological Association - Alicia Davis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presentation as part of a panel on integration of human-non-human research. Focus on interdisciplinary research and One Health. Paper titled: Livestock keepers, zoonotic disease, livelihoods, and change: Exploring the dynamics of multi-species research in East Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Annual Ron Lister Memorial Public Lecture, University of Otago, Dunedin, 30th October. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lecture to the general public and interested academics about the significance of One Health approaches for addressing health challenges. Drew upon results from the SEEDZ project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Behavioural Perspectives in Agricultural Economics and Management, "Risk management and response to livestock disease losses in agropastoral households of northern Tanzania," European Association for Agricultural Economics, 6 February 2019, Uppsala, Sweden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ahmed, H. (Author & Presenter), Yoder, J. (Author), Cleaveland, S. (Author), de Glanville, W. (Author), Davis, A. (Author), Kibona, T. (Author), Behavioural Perspectives in Agricultural Economics and Management, "Risk management and response to livestock disease losses in agropastoral households of northern Tanzania," European Association for Agricultural Economics, Uppsala, Sweden. (February 6, 2019).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Blog Challenges at the coalface: Tanzania's Livestock Field Officers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog on Livestock, Livelihoods and Health website by SEEDZ and HAZEL team member T. Hrynick on Challenges at the coalface: Tanzania's Livestock Field Officers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://livestocklivelihoodsandhealth.org/blog/challenges-coalface-tanzanias-livestock-field-officers...
 
Description Blog Making meat safety work in low-resource contexts: adapting to realities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog on Livestock, Livelihoods and Health website by SEEDZ and HAZEL team member T. Hrynick entiteld Making meat safety work in low-resource contexts: adapting to realities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://livestocklivelihoodsandhealth.org/blog/making-meat-safety-work-in-low-resource-contexts-adapt...
 
Description Blog Making meat safety work in low-resource contexts: trust, training and selective enforcement 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog on Livestock, Livelihoods and Health website by SEEDZ and HAZEL team member T. Hrynick on Making meat safety work in low-resource contexts: trust, training and selective enforcement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://livestocklivelihoodsandhealth.org/blog/making-meat-safety-work-in-low-resource-contexts/
 
Description Blog series: Livestock, Livelihoods and Health. Making meat safety work in low-resource contexts - TH 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog series by Tabitha Hrynick. 27th September 2018,14th January 2019, 4th July 2019. Livestock, Livelihoods and Health. Making meat safety work in low-resource contexts:
- trust, training and selective enforcement.
- adapting to realities.
- working together and leveraging local relationships.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://livestocklivelihoodsandhealth.org/blog/making-meat-safety-work-in-low-resource-contexts/
 
Description Brucellosis Research & Policy Links Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This workshop was organized and hosted by Jo Halliday, utilizing additional funding secured from BBSRC. The meeting brought together representatives from Tanzanian and UK based organisation to: i) share findings from the ZELS Brucella project with a broad range of Tanzanian stakeholders ii) share updates on the Tanzanian brucellosis policy development process & iii) identify and prioritise next step research projects and/or linked activities that can help guide the development of sustainable brucellosis control. Several SEEDZ and HAZEL partners attended the meeting along with representatives from the Food and Agriculture Organization - Tanzania, Tanzania Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Development, Tanzania Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Tanzania Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Endulen Hospital and the Arusha Archdiocese Ethiopia National Animal Diagnostic and Investigation Centre, Kenya Directorate of Veterinary Services, Tanzania National Institute for Medical Research, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Tanzania One Health Coordination Unit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Causes and extent of mortality of domestic ruminants - Felix Lankester 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tanzanian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, Arusha, Tanzania
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Causes and extent of mortality of domestic ruminants - Felix Lankester 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health, Washington State University, faculty scientific meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Chair of session on Global Health Security at World One Health Congress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Cleaveland chaired a session on Global Health Security at the on-line World One Health Congress, which triggered some interesting debate around One health priorities and operationalisation, epidemic preparedness, governance, leadership and mentorship.
The congress website recorded 44,456 users.
Distribution: 1106 researchers, 562 governments, international organisations.; 61 industry participants; 17 press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://worldonehealthcongress.org
 
Description Community animal and human health seminars - JV 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Upon completion of my fieldwork I held two community animal and human health seminars within the village where I conducted my research. This involved taking the main findings of my research back to the community and inviting a veterinarian and public health officer to conduct an animal and human health seminar in each village for community livestock keepers. The animal health seminar involved informing the community about the main ways in which to optimise animal health and wellbeing - topics covered included: appropriate housing for animals; different types of feed and prevention and treatment of zoonotic and non-zoonotic diseases. Topics covered in the human health seminar included: hand sanitation and hygiene practices, food and nutrition and prevention of zoonotic diseases.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Community sensitisation meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact These were a series of community meetings held with village leaders of 4 villages in Longido and Ngorongoro district in Nothern Tanzania, in order to sensitise the community to ongoing and upcoming University of Glasgow projects. Meetings began with an overview of research on Taenia multiceps carried out as part of SEEDZ and subsequent projects. This included showing attendees the life cycle of the parasite (via leaflets and video) and suggestions on ways it can be prevented. Discussion then moved onto informing the community about upcoming research in prevention of zoonoses and other livestock diseases including mobilising key members to facilitate research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Connecting WASH with NTDs: a cross-sector imperative - Linda Waldman 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop brought together researchers from different disciplines to consider an interdisciplinary, holistic approach to diseases, focusing on water and sanitation and neglected tropical diseases
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Consultative meeting on combating zoonotic diseases in Tanzania with a special focus on Anthrax, Brucellosis and Q-fever - JB 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This meeting was held at NM-AIST with the aim of reviewing the progress on identification of zoonotic pathogens identified in bush meat sold in Tanzania and the challenges associated with surveillance and control of anthrax, Brucellosis and Q-fever. Participants included NM-AIST faculty, Pennsylvania State University; The US Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA); One Health Desk (Prime Minister's Office); District Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development (MLFD), Ngorongoro; Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Game Officer, Monduli; Community based health workers, Ngorongoro; District Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development (MLFD), Monduli; District Medical Officer, Monduli; Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development (MLFD), Livestock Officer, Monduli; Arusha Regional Surveillance Officer Arusha (Ministry of Health); Regional Medical Officer, Arusha; Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Dairy value chain improvement project M-FAT - Gemma Chaters 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting for NZ funded project at Massey University with discussion about overlap and sharing knowledge for planning their project, 1 March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Development of Animal Health Strategy for Africa (AHSA) - ES 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact AU-IBAR, a continental institution responsible for managing animal resource, organized series of consultative meetings from May 2018 to September 2019. The objective of these consultative meetings was to develop animal health Strategy for Africa (AHSA). AHSA development process included forming a platform, Continental Animal Health Platform (CAHP) comprising 24 State and Non-State actors across Africa. These included DRC, South Sudan, Zimbabwe, EAC, COMESA, ECCAS, IGAD, RESEPI West and Central Africa, RESOLAB West and Central Africa, EAREN Eastern Africa, RESEP represented by Mozambique, SADC Laboratory and Epidemiology Networks, University of Zambia, Benha University, 2A2E-V, EISMV, 2AVSB, KWS, World Animal Protection, Brooke, CORET, EAFF/PAFO, NEALCO, SACAU and AUC.The AHSA was completed in December 2018 and officially endorsed in September, 2019. EAREN Eastern Africa, SADC Laboratory and Epidemiology Networks and SEEDZ co-investigator, Dr. Emanuel Swai has been participating in developing the strategy especially by contributing on the chapter 'Reduce disease risks and impacts on animals, humans and environment'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Diagnostic challenges for the neglected zoonotic diseases - Will de Glanville 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation providing an introduction to neglected zoonotic diseases and particularly diagnostic challenges for these diseases in humans, sparking a range of discussion but with a focus on the limitations of currently available diagnostic tests for human brucellosis
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Disciplinary Identities and other barriers to advancing interdisciplinary working - JS + LW 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Guest blog post in PLOS blogs by Jo Sharp, Linda Waldman and James Wood on 4th June 2019 - 'Disciplinary Identities and other barriers to advancing interdisciplinary working'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://blogs.plos.org/everyone/2019/06/04/interdisciplinary_authorship/
 
Description District and ward medical and veterinary health providers meeting - AD + JV 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop attended by medical and veterinary health providers from the district and ward level from four districts in Tanzania. The aim was to deliver key outcomes from ZELS and related University of Glasgow projects and to spark discussion across sectors on ways to reduce impacts of zoonoses in pastoral communities. The event used Ketso - a particpatory toolkit used to faciliate creative discussion - to gather intervention ideas from attendees. Discussion primarily focused on the practicalities of implementation, particularly focusing on raising awareness and introducing compulsory vaccination as key ways to prevent zoonoses. As a result of the workshop, plans were made for further engagement with attendees, including creation of a zoonoses factsheet to assist ward and district health workers in further engagement with pastoral communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description District and ward medical and veterinary health providers meeting - Jan 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop attended by medical and veterinary health providers from the district and ward level from four districts in Northern Tanzania. The aim was to deliver key outcomes from ZELS and related University of Glasgow projects and to spark discussion across sectors on ways to reduce impacts of zoonoses in pastoral communities. The event used Ketso - a particpatory toolkit used to faciliate creative discussion - to gather intervention ideas from attendees. Discussion primarily focused on the practicalities of implementation, particularly focusing on raising awareness and introducing compulsory vaccination as key ways to prevent zoonoses. As a result of the workshop, plans were made for further engagement with attendees, including creation of a zoonoses factsheet to assist ward and district health workers in further engagement with pastoral communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Early Career Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Online presentation on "One Health: insights from research on endemic zoonoses" as part of a British Council workshop linking early career researchers from UK and the Shangahi Jiao Tong University, hosted and organised by the University of Edinburgh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Early career discussion group on interdisciplinary research work - Gemma Chaters 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Journal club style meeting organised for team at Massey University, New Zealand, 2 March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Eastern Africa Veterinary Epidemiology and Laboratory networks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Co-Investigator Swai presented One Health experience from Tanzania, giving a examples of ZELS projects. Key discussion issues in this 3-day meeting focussed on future implementation of USAID Response and Preparedness Plan and Emerging Pandemic Threats Programme 2 ( EPT-2) projects within the framework of Global Health and Security Agenda, which Tanzania has officially joined. Based on the discussion, SEEDZ is contributing towards addressing most of the activities earmarked under EPT- 2: establishing the drivers of zoonotic diseases. Participants included: Chief Veterinary Officers, Epidemiology and Laboratory focal points from Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Burundi, Congo DRC, Eritrea and Djibouti.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Economic Pathways through One Health. International Society for Disease Surveillance. Plenary Panel. San Diego, CA. U.S.A. January 29. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Plenary Panel, ISDS 17th Annual Conference and 2nd Annual One Health Symposium
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Final SEEDZ Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The SEEDZ project hosted a final two-day workshop in Arusha and invited a number of Tanzanian stakeholders to attend including representatives from the Tanzanian One Health Coordination Desk, TVLA, NIMR, MoH&SW, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, and FAO ECTAD, the Norhern Zonal Veterinary Centre (ZVC) and District Veterinary Officers from Karatu, Mbulu, Meru, Longido, Babati, Monduli, Simanjiro and Arusha District Coucils. Community leaders and local and international NGOs also attended, including GALVmed and Haki Kazi Catalyst. Researchers from Tanzanian and International institutions were also in attendance, including the University of Glasgow, Institute of Development Studies, Washington State University, University of Otago, Duke University, Scotland's Rural College, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Soikoine University of Africulture, University of Dar es Salaam and the International Livestock Research Institute. The first day was attended by 69 people and provided an overview of the work being carried out across Tanzania as part of the ZELS programme, including outputs from the SEEDZ, HAZEL and Brucella projects and the Life on the Edge project. The second day involved a participatory problem-solving session using Ketso? tools and focussed on interventions and policy implications of the research presented on the first day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Food Safety in the Meat Value Chain - Linda Waldman 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact IDS Seminar to share research findings and discuss ideas
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description George MacDonald medal presentation - Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Webinar presentation on "One Health Interventions: Recognising Interconnections, Addressing Inequalities" in relation to award of the George MacDonald medal from the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://rstmh.org/events/george-macdonald-medal-talk-professor-sarah-cleaveland
 
Description Glasgow University's Professor Sarah Cleaveland on her quest to eliminate rabies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Herald Scotland article on Prof Sarah Cleaveland, "Glasgow University's Professor Sarah Cleaveland on her quest to eliminate rabies": http://bit.ly/29WbT51
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/14552485.Glasgow_University__39_s_Professor_Sarah_Cleaveland_on_h...
 
Description HAZEL presentation at SEEDZ close-out workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact HAZEL presentations by K Thomas, L Waldman and J Crump at end of project workshop in Arusha, Tanzania, for SEEDZ, on 4 September 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Infectious disease dynamics poster - GC, PJ, WdG, LM, RK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation at Infectious Disease Dynamics 2019, 3-5 Sep 2019, Cumbria. Title - Social network analysis to inform disease control on an imputed network generated from livestock movement patterns in northern Tanzania.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Integrative & Innovative Approaches: Why social sciences are central to zoonoses research workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This one-day workshop, to run ahead of the annual DFiD-RCUK-funder meeting annual meeting of the Zoonoses and Emerging Livestock Systems research groups (ZELS) in Hanoi, Vietnam, in January 2018, will draw out some of the lesson's learned and best practices from integrating social sciences into zoonoses research. Drawing on experience from the ZELS research projects and elsewhere, the workshop will present state of the art research and explore challenges still facing both social sciences research in zoonoses, and the integration of these approaches to interdisciplinary projects. The workshop is intended to reach all ZELS scientists, both social and non-social scientists alike who will highlight their experiences in interdisciplinary research. The workshop will also present a range of useful approaches and practices to improve integrative research in the future. The one-day event should be of interest to all researchers interested in zoonoses and will not assume a social science background.

Expected workshop outcomes:
" Detailed presentation and discussion about the importance of social science and social science themes in interdisciplinary zoonoses research.
" Best practices based on ZELS project processes and outcomes to help further/inform interdisciplinary research in the future
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited seminar participant - The One Health and Zoonosis lens: how can interdisciplinary development science meet global challenges? Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, 15 October. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The One Health and Zoonosis lens: how can interdisciplinary development science meet global challenges? Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, 15 October. I was an invited participant in this workshop alongside funders and partners from the Global South.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited to present a session on "The role of social science in zoonosis research" to an international workshop: Addressing the challenge of zoonotic disease with inter-disciplinary research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, 27-29th March. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I was invited to a meeting of predominantly biomedical researchers to explain the importance of including social science researchers, questions and methods in zoonoses research. The workshop was attended by an international audience, and aimed to establish a new research project. Discussion on the day indicated a positive response in terms of audience members realising the value of social science contributions to health research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote Speaker - "Economic Foundations for One Health: Lessons from East Africa.", Washington State Department of Health Zoonotic Disease Conference, 11 September, Ellensburg, WA - JY 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Economic Foundations for One Health: Lessons from East Africa. Keynote Speech at the Washington State Department of Health Zoonotic Disease Conference. September 11, Ellensburg, WA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote Speaker, Soulsby Lecture - "Progress towards global rabies elimination: the practice and potential of One Health", Topics in Infection, RSTMH, Jan 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An annual one-day meeting 'Topics in Infection 2019' at the Royal Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene that brings together microbiologists, consultants in infectious disease, infection control nurses and biomedical and clinical scientists to hear updates on recent "hot topics" in all aspects of infectious disease. Delivered Soulsby Lecture on "Progress towards global rabies elimination: the practice and potential of One Health".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://rstmh.org/events/topics-infection-2019
 
Description Keynote presentation - One Health (Helmholtz) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote presentation given by S. Cleaveland at the Helmholtz One Health conference "Beyond zoonoses: expanding the scope of One Health interactions and interventions". Raised awareness of broader scope and potential of One Health research beyond zoonoses, including land-use and food security.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Keynote presentation - Zoonoses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote presentation at the virtual conference "Internatoinal Symposium on Zoonoses Research"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://g-f-v.org/en/events/zoonoses-2021-international-symposium-on-zoonoses-research/
 
Description Keynote speaker - "One Health and the Sustainable Development Goals", One Health - Many Perspectives: Emerging Research from LMICs, LSTM, August 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Two-day conference designed to promote collaborative thinking among the many and varied disciplines working within One Health and to encourage postgraduate and early career researchers to foster new relationships with colleagues across different institutions. The event comprised a mixture of oral and poster presentations, thematic group discussions and interactive sessions with a strong focus on promoting integration between researchers in the animal, human and environmental sectors. The target audience was postgraduate and early career researchers with invited guest speakers who have expertise in the field of One Health. Lecture delivered on "One Health and Sustainable Development Goals".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://zelspgrsymposium.wordpress.com/about/
 
Description LLH Facebook Page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The intended purpose of the facebook page is to highlight activity related to the Livestock, Livelihoods and Health programme and raise awareness of issues related to zoonotic disease. From Sept 2015 to Mar 2016, the number of "likes" has increased from 79 to 290.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/livestocklivelihoodsandhealth
 
Description LLH Twitter account 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Livestock, Livelihoods and Health Twitter feed feature updates on the research the programme is conducting in addition to highlighting information about zoonotic disease and one health research. The goal is to highlight the importance of zoonotic disease, and communicate research outcomes and challenges to stakeholders, colleagues, interested parties and the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017
URL https://twitter.com/zoonoses_TZ
 
Description LLH Website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Livestock, Livelihoods and Health (LLH) programme, comprising the three Glasgow-based ZELS projects, launched in August 2015 to provide information on the projects and a home to the team's blog.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017
URL http://www.livestocklivelihoodsandhealth.org
 
Description Laboratory training at KCRI 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Kate Thomas hosted a two-day laboratory training at KCRI in March 2019 in conjunction with the "Supporting Evidence-Based Interventions to Achieve Agricultural Development Goals in Tanzania" (SEBI-TZ) project involving Tanzanian participants from KCRI, NM-AIST, and the Tanzania Veterinary Laboratory Agency. The objective of this training was to support the strengthening of capacity for laboratory diagnosis of livestock infections in northern Tanzania. The training involved two days of theoretical and practical training on serologic and molecular techniques, specifically enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) so each participant had the chance to set up both kinds of assay and interpret results. Positive feedback from all attendees
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Livestock Field Officer and District Veterinary Officer meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This meeting was held for livestock field officers and district veterinary officers who were involved the SEEDZ project. The meeting consisted of an overview of results, including the serological analyses, and findings in relation to Rift Valley Fever (e.g. confirmation that raw milk is likely to be an important potential source of infection for people). Discussion centred on ways to prevent zoonoses, followed by in-depth discussion of educational materials that can be used to communicate effective ways to reduce risks of zoonoses to livestock keepers. The main outcome of this meeting including informing attendees of key results of the zoonoses research and thoughtful feedback on educational materials for prevention of zoonoses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Livestock movements and their impact on zoonotic disease transmission and public health - What data do we have and where are the risks - Gemma Chaters 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Tutorial for MSc Epidemiology Students at Massey University, 13 March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Livestock movements in northern Tanzania - Who is doing what where and why - Gemma Chaters 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting organised for academics, ministers, NGO's in Tanzania 5 December 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Modelling livestock movements and the impact on zoonotic disease transmission in Northern Tanzania - Gemma Chaters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at TAWIRI 7 December 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Modelling livestock movements and the impact on zoonotic disease transmission in Northern Tanzania - Gemma Chaters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at Massey University 24 February 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Modelling livestock movements and the impact on zoonotic disease transmission in Northern Tanzania - Gemma Chaters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at ZELS-AS meeting in Hanoi, Vietnam, 25 Jan 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Needs and Readiness Assessment for 'In-Service Applied Veterinary Epidemiology Training' Programme (ISAVET) - ES 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) component of Global Health Security Agenda - Zoonotic Diseases in Animal Health in Africa project (GHSA-ZDAH) programme in Tanzania in collaboration with the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries and One Health Coordination Desk (OHCD) organized a consultation process for country 'Needs and Readiness Assessment'(NRA) from 8th - 11th July 2019 in which the validation process for the NRA took place on 12th July 2019 in Morogoro and therefore of the draft work plan to roll out the ISAVET programme for Frontline Animal health Workforce. ISAVET is aiming at addressing critical shortage of skilled and competent animal health personnel at front line levels. Tools developed through ZELS and SEEDZ i.e. outbreak data collection tools (i.e. RVF) served as a model for designing ISAVET course materials.
NRA involved gathering of data through a team of seven (7) technical staff from DVS, TVLA and FAO. Thereafter, a validation workshop was organized where a total of 20 technical personnel drawn from government Ministries from mainland and Zanzibar (MLF, MANRLF, MoHCDGEC, and PMO-OHCD), Academic/Research Institutions (SUA, LITA), government agencies (TVLA, FELTP), participated. SEEDZ co-investigator, Dr. Emanuel Swai served as a resource person in this workshop.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description OOHTZ discussions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Discussions have been held with NGOs involved in community health delivery/ pastoral development. Local NGOs include ACE Africa; Ujamaa Community Resource Trust (UCRT); PINGOS (Pastoralist Indigenous NGO Forum); Northern Tanzania Rangelands Initiative (Nature Conservancy); Haki Kazi Catalyst; FAME Africa; Endulen Hospital Outreach Programme; Milele Animal Health, Moshi. Other NGOs include Neglected Tropical Disease NGO network, GALVmed, and potential industrial partners, including CEVA Animal Health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description One Health and Geography (JS) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Overview of One Health research in Tanzania as introduction to geography school teachers to the One Health approach.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description One Health for the Real World: partnership and pragmatism 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Cleaveland S. One Health for the Real World: partnership and pragmatism. ZSL One Health in the Real World. London, UK. 17-18 March 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description One Health in Tanzania, keynote presentation One Health EcoHealth Congress, Melbourne 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Overview of One Health research in Tanzania given as a keynote presentation at the One Health EcoHealth conference in Melbourne, with > 500 participants in attendance, and sparking a wide range of questions and discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description One Health research and impact: Insights from northern Tanzania - BBSRC Presentation - Sept 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Presentation at BBSRC to share insights from past projects with funders and developers of future funding schemes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description One Health workshop Nairobi 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact African Academy of Sciences-Academy of Medical Sciences workshop on One Health, Nairobi, February 2023. S. Cleaveland was co-chair of the workshop which was attended by ~ 60 participants from African and UK institutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2023
 
Description One Health: understanding interactions, informing interventions, keynote presentation, St. George's University, October 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attended by veterinary and medical researchers and practitioners, sparked discussion on further research relating to zoonotic pathogens in Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.sgu.edu/news-and-events/sgu-host-international-ohom-symposium/
 
Description Oral presentation at World One Health Congress (RVF simulation modelling - Paul Johnson) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Live presentation given by Dr. Paul Johnson on "Simulation modelling of Rift Valley fever to inform epidemic control strategies in northern Tanzania" at the World One Health Congress.
The congress website recorded 44,456 users.
Distribution: 1106 researchers, 562 governments, international organisations.; 61 industry participants; 17 press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://worldonehealthcongress.org
 
Description Participatory Impact Pathways Analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Conducted December 2014 in Arusha, Tanzania. Led by Naomi Marks and Linda Waldman. Included representatives of The Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign (PATTEC); SNV Netherlands Development Organisation; Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Research Institute (TTRI); Ministry of Health and Social Welfare; GALVmed; Arusha town council; Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development. The workshop identified key stakeholders relevant to zoonotic disease and highlighted engagement opportunities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presentation - World One Health Congress 2020 (Jo Sharp, Alicia Davis) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The poster on "Rethinking One Health: emergent human, animal and environmental assemblages" (Jo Sharp and Alicia Davis) was presented at the on-line World One Health Congress. The congress website recorded 44,456 users.
Distribution: 1106 researchers, 562 governments, international organisations.; 61 industry participants; 17 press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://worldonehealthcongress.org
 
Description Poster presentation at World One Health Congress (CCHF - Ellen Hughes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presented by Ellen Hughes on "Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever virus exposure in livestock and humans in northern Tanzania" at the World One Health Congress.
The congress website recorded 44,456 users.
Distribution: 1106 researchers, 562 governments, international organisations.; 61 industry participants; 17 press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://worldonehealthcongress.org
 
Description Poster presentation at World One Health Congress (Jennika Virhia) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presented by Dr. Jennika Virhia on "But our goats are dizzy: participatory epidemiology, co-produced research and endemic zoonoses in northern Tanzania" at the World One Health Congress.
The congress website recorded 44,456 users.
Distribution: 1106 researchers, 562 governments, international organisations.; 61 industry participants; 17 press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://worldonehealthcongress.or
 
Description Presentation World One Health Congress 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given by S. Cleaveland "Zoonoses in diverse agro-ecological systems: risks and vulnerabilities". Talk attended by ~ 150 people in person with up to 1,000 participants able to access the presentation on demand. Sparked questions and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Presentation at World One Health Congress (Aetiology of livestock abortion - Kathryn Allan) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Live presentation by Dr. Kathryn Allan on "The aetiology of livestock abortions in Tanzania" given during a plenary session of the World One Health Congress.
The congress website recorded 44,456 users.
Distribution: 1106 researchers, 562 governments, international organisations.; 61 industry participants; 17 press.
The presentation attracted considerable interest with many questions from the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://worldonehealthcongress.org
 
Description Prof. Sarah Cleaveland OBE | Extended Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio Scotland Interview with Prof Sarah Cleaveland, "Prof. Sarah Cleaveland OBE | Extended Interview": http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0400673
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0400673
 
Description Public education and awareness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Basic facts sheets were prepared for priority zoonotic diseases in Tanzania. The information, especially the drivers and interventions, were based on the local context. The preparation involved both the ministry of Health and Livestock through the One Health Coordination Desk (OHCD) under the Prime Minister's Office. The permission to have the public education and awareness through television was granted by the OHCD.

The purpose of this programme is to reach a wide audience using simple language (Kiswahili). Planning and implementation of this programme was facilitated in collaboration with One Health teams. It is expected that the community will understand how zoonoses could cross to humans, as well as be able to recognise clinical signs and approaches to treatment. It is anticipated that the majority of the audience will be able to access the information as it is posted on various social media platforms as well. The feedback received from various stakeholders, including academics and extension officers, was very encouraging. The first programme was on Brucellosis and the next will be Anthrax, expecting to be aired through Star Television. This covers all regions in Tanzania.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
 
Description Rabies in the Americas - One Health keynote presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Rabies in the Americas keynote presentation on "One Health contributions towards more effective and equitable approaches to health", which triggered lively discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://rita2021.com.br/index_en.html
 
Description Royal Highland Show - June 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Representatives from the Glasgow ZELS projects attended the Royal Highland Show at the request of DFID to engage with the public at the UK Government in Scotland marquee regarding DFID-funded, including the ZELS project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SEBI-TZ, Tanzanian Veterinary Association, 5-8 December 2018, Arusha Tanzania 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation at Tanzanian Veterinary Association 'Supporting Evidence Based Interventions - Causes and Extent of Reproductive Loss and Mortality of Domestic Ruminants in Tanzania (SEBI-TZ)' , 5-8 December 2018, Arusha Tanzania
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Social science contributions to understanding zoonotic enteric pathogens in Emerging Livestock meat pathways - Linda Waldman 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at one-day workshop run before annual meeting of the Zoonoses and Emerging Livestock Systems research groups (ZELS) in Hanoi, Vietnam in January 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Social, Economic and Environmental Drivers of Zoonoses in Tanzania (SEEDZ, TZ) - Felix Lankester 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health, Washington State University, faculty scientific meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Taenia multiceps coenurosis in Tanzania: a major and under-recognised livestock disease problem in pastoral communities, Tanzanian Veterinary Association, 5-8 December 2018, Arusha Tanzania 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation at Tanzanian Veterinary Association Taenia multiceps coenurosis in Tanzania: a major and under-recognised livestock disease problem in pastoral communities' , 5-8 December 2018, Arusha Tanzania
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Tanzania One Health Strategic Plan 2015-2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact SEEDZ team members Rudovick Kazwala, Blandina Mmbaga. Julius Keyyu and Emmanuel Swai attended a retreat to operationalize the Tanzania One Health Strategic Plan 2015-2020. Attendees (35) included representatives from the Disaster Management Department of the Prime Minister's Office, Ministry of Health, Gender, Children and Elders, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Ardhi Institute, TAWIRI, SUA, TVLA, NIMRI, SACIDs, SUA, MUHAS, Ministry of Health and Livestock Zanzibar, CDC, FAO, WHO country offices, USAID P&R- country and regional offices. Feedback from LLH attendees contributed to incorporation of anti-microbial resistance, endemic zoonoses and non-infectious conditions. LLH team member Gabriel Shirima presented the LLH research programme and the work was well-received by the attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://livestocklivelihoodsandhealth.org/blog/one-health-plan/
 
Description The One Health and Zoonosis Lens: how can interdisciplinary development science meet global challenges 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting at the Institute of Development Studies, Brighton to discuss the role of social sciences in One Health work - Sharp and Waldman as invited participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2018
 
Description Thousands treated for brucellosis are misdiagnosed - Will de Glanville 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article (authored by journalist) in Standard Newspaper (Kenya), online and print editions describing outputs from brucellosis diagnostic test study in Kenya
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Training of One Health (OH) Rapid Response Teams - ES and RK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) as part of "Supporting the GHSA to Address Zoonotic Diseases and Animal Health in Africa" project organised a sub national, multi-sectoral focused, 4 day training for One Health Rapid Response Teams for 3 districts of Arusha region. A total of 51 health personnel participated in the training, drawn from the One Health Coordination Desk, Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children - MoHCDGEC, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries - MoLF, President's Office, Regional Administration and Local Government - PO-RALG, MNRT, Sokoine University of Agriculture -SUA and USAID P & R. The training was facilitated by experts drawn from MoLF, MoHCDGEC, OHCU, SUA and FAO. Training covered Epidemiological surveillance and outbreak investigation and Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Actors along the livestock value-chains in relation to transmission of six Priority Zoonotic Diseases (PZDs). SEEDZ team members Dr Emmanuel Swai and Prof. Kazwala attended and were involved in the training. RVF outbreak investigation protocols, and tools that were developed with SEEDZ serological outputs will serve as reference material in the event of a future RVF outbreak.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Training of One Health Rapid Response Teams - ES + RK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) as part of "Supporting the GHSA to Address Zoonotic Diseases and Animal Health in Africa" project organised a sub national, multi-sectoral focused, 4-day training for One Health Rapid Response Teams for 8 districts of Mbeya and Songwe regions. A total of 52 health personnel participated in the training, drawn from the One Health Coordination Desk (2), Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children - MoHCDGEC (2), Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries - MoLF (4), President's Office, Regional Administration and Local Government - PO-RALG (37), MNRT (3), Sokoine University of Agriculture -SUA (2) and USAID P&R (1).The training was facilitated by experts drawn from MoLF, MoHCDGEC, OHCU, SUA and FAO. Training covered Epidemiological surveillance and outbreak investigation and Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Actors along the livestock value-chains in relation to transmission of six Priority Zoonotic Diseases (PZDs). SEEDZ team members Dr Emmanuel Swai and Prof. Kazwala attended and were involved in the training. RVF outbreak investigation protocols, and tools that were developed with SEEDZ serological outputs will serve as reference material in the event of a future RVF outbreak.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Understanding and Modelling livestock movements and the impact on zoonotic disease transmission in Northern Tanzania - Gemma Chaters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PhD talk at University of Glasgow 17 December 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Videos and brochures on One Health research at University of Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Production of video and brochures around One Health themes and dissemination at the World One Health Congress in 2020 via the Scottish Institutions' virtual "Hub".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description ZELS Dissemination Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact The aim of the meeting was to disseminate the achievements and outcomes of the ZELS programme. The ZELS Molecular epidemiology of brucellosis in northern Tanzania and Hazards Associated with Zoonotic enteric pathogens in Emerging Livetock meat pathways (HAZEL) were presented by Jo Halliday and Jo Sharp respectively.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ZELS Dissemination Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The aim of the press event for this meeting was to disseminate the achievements and outcomes of the ZELS programme and launch the ZELS Supplementary Research. SC presented on the second phase of the ZELS projects in Tanzania.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ZELS Grantholders Meeting 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The SEEDZ project co-hosted the annual grantholders' meeting and utilized funds from an Imapct Accelerator Award to include representatives from Tanzania's Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries and the Tanzania Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017