Oscillatory baffled reactor for enhanced 1C gas bioconversion for energy production and storage

Lead Research Organisation: University of South Wales
Department Name: Faculty of Computing, Eng. and Science

Abstract

Societies globally have a critical need for energy and materials with minimal environmental impact. There are many technologies such as solar PV, wind, wave and tidal generation which can produce electrical energy with minimal environmental impact, however when compared to conventional fossil fuel generation systems they are more difficult to fit supply to demand. Therefore there is increasing interest in developing energy storage. The production of green methane and carboxylic acids by combining hydrogen using renewable electricity with surplus carbon dioxide from a number of industrial processes, has the potential to integrate gas, electricity and refueling infrastructures, decarbonise energy and chemical supply, contribute towards energy security, as well as providing economic benefits through expansion of market potential. Effective conversions of hydrogen and carbon dioxide have recently been achieved using a novel patented microbial process (filed by University of South Wales) for the production of green methane and carboxylic acids, however, productivity is limited by the rate at which gases can be solubilised into the liquid phase. This project will investigate the feasibility of using innovative and patented oscillatory baffled reactor (OBR) technology (own by NiTech Solutions Ltd) to optimise the solubilisation of input gases, therefore optimising the rate of green gas or carboxylic acids production and improving the technical and economic viability of the biotechnology processes. The project proposes a programme of collaborative research to determine the feasibility of utilising the OBR technology to enhance the gaseous rate of transfer and thus increase the microbial conversion of renewable hydrogen and biogenic or fossil carbon dioxide to either green methane (for energy use) or carboxylic acids (as energy vectors and chemical intermediates). The project addresses the challenges of production of liquid / gaseous biofuels, and the production of commodity, platform and intermediate chemicals and materials from gaseous substrates. The aims of the proposed research are to investigate and demonstrate efficiency benefits that the OBR technology can bring to the biomethanation / carboxylic acids biotechnology processes, the effect from these reactors systems on microbial communities and demonstrate the overall feasibility of the processes both in terms of productivity and energy efficiency, therefore justifying additional industry investment in scale up focused research and process deployment. The ability to produce low carbon sustainable energy, chemicals and materials to meet variable societal demands, using low temperature and pressure conversions, using a biocatalyst based microbial community and inexpensive non-metal based catalysts, and reduce energy lost through curtailment of renewable energy in the UK and across the world is expected to bring sound environmental and economic benefits for future generations.

Technical Summary

The project aims to determine the feasibility of utilising Oscillatory Baffled Reactor (OBR) technology to enhance the transfer of hydrogen and carbon dioxide gases into the liquid phase of novel bioprocesses, for conversions to green methane or carboxylic acids by microbial enriched anaerobic mixed cultures. Green methane produced for supply of heat, electricity or transport fuel from gaseous substrates sourced from curtailed renewable electricity via H2 and CO2 from a number of industrial processes will contribute towards emission savings as well as energy security. Alternatively, the conversion of these gases to carboxylic acids gives the possibility of temporary energy storage or their utilisation as platform chemicals. The solubilisation of gases in bioreactors working matrices has been found to be a limiting step in the rate of conversions from gaseous substrates, and optimising this transfer is expected to improve economic and scale up viability by reducing process footprint.

Planned Impact

The ability to produce low carbon energy/chemicals to meet the demand from future generations, using low temp/pressure conversions and an inexpensive biocatalyst, and reduce energy lost through curtailment of renewable energy in the UK and across the world will bring sound societal environmental and economic benefits. The most significant source of renewable energy gas added to the gas grid is bioCH4 generated from anaerobic digestion. Limitations on the deployment of bioCH4 grid injection in the UK is the number of sites where viable amounts of organic substrates are present, and where there is a grid injection point with sufficient year round capacity to accommodate the bioCH4 produced. The linking in CH4 production from renewable electricity provides economic and carbon advantages to both gas grid operators and renewable energy generators and allows interoperability between gas, electricity and transport sectors. The novel biomethanation process (H2 + CO2 to CH4) has significant advantages compared to biogas upgrading/metal catalytic conversions i.e. lower engineering complexity and capex, greater ramping capability for intermittent operation and system modularity/mobility and economic viability at small scale. The production of green CH4 may require some form of storage, which is more effective than storing electricity. Alternatively, the option of storing energy in the form of liquid carboxylic acids has the potential to greatly expand the number of viable locations for grid injection. Efficiencies in the biomethanation carboxylic acid production processes are currently limited by gas transfer rates and not by microbial density/rate of metabolism, and therefore access to gaseous substrates is the rate limiting step. Innovative OBR technology (NiTech patented) has the potential to optimise the H2 and CO2 gas-liquid transfer. This integration can potentially lead to significantly reduced footprint infrastructures. USW current continuous reactor system (filed patent) with a zero CH4 slip, no replenishment of trace elements/nutrients/microbes post the initial media/inoculation, has delivered a 200 L gas influent/Lreactor.d throughput with 99% CH4 product, but the aim is to achieve at least a 4x increase in productivity maintaining a high quality product to increase industrially competitiveness. The OBR technology is expected to increase the rate of gas transfer and reduce the shear/disturbance of the microbial floc structures, and allow the development of key process efficiencies. For carboxylic acids production, the rate of gas transfer to the liquid based microbial matrix is equally important; in addition the gas partial pressures in the liquid matrix is expected to be critical in determining the speciation of the carboxylic acids. Exploitable outcomes from this feasibility are likely to include improved biotech processes for green methane/carboxylic acids, as well as new international markets for the integration of OBR technology. The market in the UK is forecast to grow >27GW by 2020 for wind energy, with an associated grid balancing requirements >6GW, capable of generating up to 2400 tonnes of H2. Equally the solar energy in the UK is also expected to grow exponentially by 2020 creating unprecedented issues with the electrical grid capacity and management. The UK is forecasting 7 TWh of bioCH4 in 2020 and 15 TWh in 2030 (IEA Bioenergy, 2014) and ADBA forescast a potential of 64 TWh of biomethane from organic resources and an additional 32 TWh via green CH4 (biomethanation) (>35% of the UK's domestic gas demand). EU markets have less stringent limits on the composition and quality of natural gas used in their networks which improves further the costs of production and opens up export potential for UK system developers and manufacturers. The project will seek to develop opportunities to stimulate a new UK-based supply chain capable of securing a market lead in these technologies.
 
Description A greater understanding of the technology has been achieved and the potential to integrate OBR systems within the technology delivery has been evaluated at feasibility stage with success. The objectives of the work have been met and gas conversion rates have been increased significantly. Further work will be continuing as part of further funding.
Exploitation Route The technology being developed is expected to continue development to commercial stage and hopefully in a very near future there will be a number of business sectors benefiting from these type of conversions including renewable electricity and gas and their integration with waste and wastewater treatment and various industrial sectors with available waste gases and the society as a whole. In addition, the learnings provided by this project have been valuable to the collaborating partner in their application of OBR and COBR technology.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Transport

URL http://www.nitechsolutions.co.uk/market-sectors/biotechnology/university-of-south-wales-case-study/
 
Description The findings from this work have had academic impacts in terms of C1 gases conversion to novel products (in particular in terms of reactor design, gas transfer rates, microbial interactions) as well as provided evidence on reactor performance and design improvements to collaborating partner. OBR technology has not been utilized for these type of conversions prior to this project, so the findings have been very valuable. Findings have also been beneficial for wider impacts of the technology e.g. system performance, integration potential, markets benefits etc.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Education,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Contribution to BEIS Bioenergy Innovation Working Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Contribution to the REA Bioenergy Strategy Working Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Evidence to Science Review in Wales
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://gov.wales/newsroom/educationandskills/2017/review-of-government-funded-research-and-innovatio...
 
Description Training delivered as part of an MSc Renewable Energy and Resource Management
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.southwales.ac.uk/courses/msc-renewable-energy-and-resource-management/
 
Description Biological Integration of Electricity and Gas Grids for Low Cost Energy Storage
Amount £727,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Nottingham 
Department Business Engagement and Innovation Services
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
 
Description C1net POC - Novel PHA platform synthesized by anaerobic mixed bacteria in a single step gas fermentation
Amount £62,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description IUK/iCURE Funding- Market Validation for the AERIOGEN Technology for Energy Management & Storage
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 01/2018
 
Description KESS II Investigate the robustness and intensification of a novel biomethanation process for energy recovery for the steel sector (in collaboration with TATA)
Amount £65,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department European Social Fund
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2020
 
Description KESSII Enhanced green CH4 production with low cost energy storage through a real-time management strategy for AD plants to meet variable network gas demand (in collaboration with WWU)
Amount £65,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department European Social Fund
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2017 
End 12/2019
 
Description KESSII Production of high chain alkane gases (C2-C4) from anaerobic biological processes (in collaboration with WWU)
Amount £65,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department European Social Fund
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2020
 
Description SMARTExpertise - SMART CIRCLE Project
Amount £315,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 122016/COL/003 
Organisation Government of Wales 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 08/2020
 
Description Collaboration with NiTech Solutions on C1 gas conversions 
Organisation NiTech Solutions Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Preliminary design for a new reactor in collaboration with NiTech Solutions for the purpose of C1 gas conversions to green methane and organic acids. Operation of 2 novel systems for gas conversions and provision of technical performance and analysis. Findings have provided feedback and evidence on further reactor system improvements as well as understanding of how the OBR technology is able to deliver gas conversions as well as at pressure conditions.
Collaborator Contribution Preliminary design for a new reactor in collaboration with University of South Wales for the purpose of C1 gas conversions to green methane and organic acids.
Impact Journal publications (1 published and 2 being submitted), numerous events. Further industrial collaborations have been established and proposals have been compiled for additional R&D. New projects have developed and further funding obtained as a result. IP is being filed and the business plan for a spin out company is being undertaken
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with TATA Steel for a PhD Scholarship related to on Waste Gases Conversions 
Organisation TATA Steel
Country India 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Definition of reactor system and integration potential for conversion of waste gases to low carbon products
Collaborator Contribution Definition of sub-processes gases availability and quality and possibility of integration.
Impact An additional proposal for site integration and demonstration of the technology has been sought. Waiting for outcome.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with TATA, BPE and Heatcatcher as part of the SMART CIRCLE project 
Organisation Heatcatcher Ltd
PI Contribution Project has led to results which USW is further investigating for conversion of industrial gases into methane with the above partners and supported by EDRF and Welsh Government
Collaborator Contribution TATA - site provision for demonstration, provision of gases and furnace for methane product usage; BPE - Evaluation of the integration of the novel technology on-site and H&S evaluations; Heatcatcher - heat recovery from gases prior to their use in the novel technology.
Impact Microbiology/Biotech/Chemical, Electrical, mechanical engineering disciplines. The project has just recently started. One journal publication has been produced and 1 international conference poster. Various presentations.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaboration with TATA, BPE and Heatcatcher as part of the SMART CIRCLE project 
Organisation Tata Steel Europe
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Project has led to results which USW is further investigating for conversion of industrial gases into methane with the above partners and supported by EDRF and Welsh Government
Collaborator Contribution TATA - site provision for demonstration, provision of gases and furnace for methane product usage; BPE - Evaluation of the integration of the novel technology on-site and H&S evaluations; Heatcatcher - heat recovery from gases prior to their use in the novel technology.
Impact Microbiology/Biotech/Chemical, Electrical, mechanical engineering disciplines. The project has just recently started. One journal publication has been produced and 1 international conference poster. Various presentations.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaboration with Wales and West Utilities for a PhD Scholarship related to Flexible Methane Production 
Organisation Wales & West Utilities Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Delivery of a research project related to flexible methane production to facilitate green gas generation and injection into the gas grids.
Collaborator Contribution Specification of challenges and requirements by the gas distribution networks. Provision of requirements by various supply/demand scenarios.
Impact Starting to impact on strategy and planning in terms of methane gas generation, injection and storage in benefit of the gas distribution networks in order to facilitate variable injection of gas to match gas demand.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with Wales and West Utilities for a PhD Scholarship related to Higher Alkane Gases Production (2016 - Still Active) 
Organisation Wales & West Utilities Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Establishing the potential of anaerobic microbial consortia for higher alkane gases production.
Collaborator Contribution The need of gases such as propane for gas injection into the natural gas grid. Facilitated the research proposal submission and are providing match funding.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2016
 
Description R&D Collaboration with NiTech Solutions 
Organisation NiTech Solutions Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The project delivery a proof of concept related to the development of a novel polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) platform synthesized by anaerobic mixed bacteria in a single step gas fermentation. This project is funded via the BBSRC C1net. USW is delivering the biotech developments.
Collaborator Contribution NiTech have provided reactors.
Impact Multidisciplinary collaboration (biotech, bioreactor design, operation and control)
Start Year 2018
 
Title Microbial Processing fo Gases 
Description Biomethanation conducted by self-sustaining mixed microbial cultures with high rate of conversion and robustness 
IP Reference WO2016108048 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2017
Licensed No
Impact IP is currently being extended and a spin out company is currently being considered as a vehicle for commercialisation.
 
Description ADBA R&I Hub Day 1 - Event July 2016 in Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Research & Innovation Hub - Day 1, presentation entitled: The role of anaerobic processes in the production of green methane and chemicals. Technology principles and market were presented and policy questions were raised.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://adbioresources.org/uk-ad-biogas-2016/features/research-innovation-hub-day1/
 
Description AERIOGEN process: A novel power to methane biological conversion process with a low parasitic energy load, Birmingham, 2nd May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at the UK Biomethane Day organised by the REA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.r-e-a.net/events/rea-event-uk-biomethane-day-2018
 
Description Anaerobic Biorefineries: Potential Integration and Contribution to the Energy, Chemical and Materials Sectors, Seminar presented at Oxford University 22 February 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Engage in collaboration and present R&D progress to other academics,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Article for Welsh Government Advances Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Article for the Advances Wales Magazine Issue 78 (Spring 2016, just out) 'Biomethanation for energy integration' - Introduction of the need and benefits of the technology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://businesswales.gov.wales/zones/innovation/advances-wales
 
Description Biological Integration of Electricity and Gas Grids for Low Cost Energy Storage (BioGrid). Institute of Sustainable Energy, Research Seminar 28th August 2018, UNITEN, Malaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Research Seminar 28th August 2018, UNITEN, Malaysia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Commercialisation of the AERIOGEN Process at the iCURe Options Roundabout 7th December 2017 in London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Seek views on commercialization/business plan for the AERIOGEN process
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.setsquared.co.uk/research-commercialisation
 
Description Contribution to BEIS Bioenergy Innovation Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Contribution to the BEIS Bioenergy Innovation Working Group - to help establish areas of innovation and funding to be funded by government to enable higher implementation of bioenergy and costs reduction
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Contribution to the REA Bioenergy Strategy Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Know how input to the REA Bioenergy Strategy to be published in 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description High Rate Biomethanation Delivered by Mixed Microbial Cultures - Pathways and Performance, presented at REGATEC in Toulouse (France) 4th May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at REGATEC in Toulouse
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description High Rate Biomethanation Delivered by Mixed Microbial Cultures - Pathways and Performance. AD network Research Colloquium, Manchester, 25th January 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at the AD network Research Colloquium, Manchester, 25th January 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Hydrogenotrophic Methanogenesis - Development of a High Rate, Zero Waste System based on Closed Nutrient Recycling. Anaerobic Digestion Word Congress 15th October 2017, Beijing China 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Present R&D progress.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ad15.medmeeting.org/en
 
Description Intensifying efficiencies and reducing the parasitic energy load of power to gas systems UK presented at the UK AD and World Biogas Expo 2018, NEC Birmingham, 12th July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at the UK AD and World Biogas Expo 2018, NEC Birmingham, 12th July 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Key note presentation at ICARET2016 Malaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A key note was delivered at the ICARET216 conference in Malaysia entitled 'Redesigning Anaerobic Digestion Technology - Resource Recovery, Energy Production and Storage, Chemicals and Materials Production'. An audience of 150-200 people was in attendance. The topic of biomethanation for power to gas conversions sparked significant interest amongst government and industry attendees in SE Asia and in Malaysia itself.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.uniten.edu.my/ICARET2016/Pages/default.aspx
 
Description New Propellants - Green Alkane Gases presented at the Aerosols/Cosmetics Annual ADF/PCD Conference in New York, 7th September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Source further collaborators for R&D. Demonstrate the role of the novel technology and its relationship with the aerosols sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.easyfairs.com/adf-pcd-new-york-2018/adf-pcd-new-york-2018/
 
Description New Propellants - Green Alkane Gases presented at the Aerosols/Cosmetics Annual ADF/PCD Conference in Paris, 1st February 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Source further collaborators for R&D. Demonstrate the role of the novel technology and its relationship with the aerosols sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.easyfairs.com/adf-pcd-paris-2018/adf-paris-2018/
 
Description Novel PHA Platform Synthesized By Anaerobic Mixed Bacteria in a Single Step Gas Fermentation. C1net Event in Nottingham University, 21st January 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at C1net Event in Nottingham University, 21st January 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Optimising a 3D System - Chemical and Engineering Interactions with Anaerobic Microbial Catalysts at ADBA World Expo 2017, NEC, Birmingham, 6th July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Develop partnerships for R&D. Demonstrate the impact and role of the novel technology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://adbioresources.org/biogastradeshow/
 
Description Presentation at BAMA's Innovation Day - 18th April 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation entitled 'Green Alkane Gases Production' is expected at the British Aerosols Manufacturers' Association Innovation Day - The production of green propane and butane are a significant focus for the UK aerosols industry. Sources of green methane have been related to the conversion of organics either from biological processes such as anaerobic digestion or thermal technology. The presentation will cover novel approaches in terms of flexible methane production from organics as well as the production of methane from unutilised renewable electricity coupled with electrolysis and CO2 streams. In addition, Sandra will introduce new concepts of production for higher alkane renewable gases.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.themanufacturer.com/articles/bama-innovation-day-2017/
 
Description Presentation at WWU Stakeholder Workshop - Discuss Connection of alternative gas to WWU's network, 27 March 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A presentation related to flexible methane production to meet gas demand and the generation of alkane gases from renewable electricity will be presented. The work is expected to lead to impacts related to greater green gas generation, wider gas distribution network to capitalize on renewable resources for gas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.somerset-alc.org.uk/latest-news/wales-west-utilities-stakeholder-workshop-invitation/
 
Description Redesigning AD Technology for Resource Recovery, Energy Production and Storage, Chemicals and Biopolymers Production, Seminar at University of New South Wales (July 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Introduced the Biomethanation technology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SMART Collaboration for an Industrial Resource CircuLar Economy (CIRCLE) Project, Presentation to the Reid Review Panel Meeting (June 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Highlight industrial R&D taking place in Wales
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://gov.wales/newsroom/educationandskills/2017/review-of-government-funded-research-and-innovatio...
 
Description Transforming Resources for a Low Carbon Circular Economy, presented at IEMA - Environmental Innovation Wales, in Cardiff 26th June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at IEMA - Environmental Innovation Wales, in Cardiff 26th June 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Waste Valorisastion Event in Cardiff by WRAP 3rd May 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Raise awareness of technology developments and innovations in development by the team at USW.

The aim of the event is to:
• highlight current valorisation approaches and innovation across the food and drink industry
• share WRAP's results from waste mapping and valorisation projects,
• engage with organisations that are looking for solutions for unavoidable wastes and the food supply industry in order to identify ways to commercialise the ideas and technologies that are under development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshop delivery: Energy from Wastes in Azores - November 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Event on 'Energy from Wastes in Azores' Scope of Power to Gas for Azores. Discussions over Azores self sufficiency in terms of renewable energy and waste treatment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://noticias.uac.pt/pt-pt/artigo/reuniao-aberta-ao-publico-energia-partir-de-residuos-valorizacao...