15AGRITECHCAT4: Lobster Grower 2 - Assessing the technical, economic and environmental potential for a novel candidate aquaculture industry

Lead Research Organisation: University of Exeter
Department Name: Engineering Computer Science and Maths

Abstract

This proposal brings together a unique consortium of two micro SMEs, one charity, two HEIs and a government agency; lead by NLH Enterprises Ltd (NLHE), partnered by The National Lobster Hatchery (NLH), the University of Exeter (UoE), West Country Mussels of Fowey (WCMoF), the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS), and Falmouth University (FU) with internationally leading research experience, capacity and facilities in the areas of marine science and engineering that are central to this proposal. The proposed project aims to tackle the challenges to address the global demand on seafood consumption by addressing primary livestock production and food security, through the development of innovative solutions and field demonstration required to establish a commercial solution making available a novel candidate aquaculture species, the European Lobster. This species has recently been identified as the top marine species for aquaculture development by the Norwegian government and Sweden is now focusing on lobster as one of its top priorities for aquaculture development. The successful lobster grower 1 (LG1) project has provided a solution to the technical barriers currently prohibiting commercial aquaculture of the species. Lobster grower 2 (LG2) aims to tackle the technical and ecological uncertainties through further innovative solutions related to the sea based deployments, whilst introducing the innovative Sea Based Container Culture (SBCC) systems generated in LG1. The further objectives of LG2 will be to roadmap the environmental, economic and social considerations in order to unlock commercial investment and exploit a valuable human protein source at minimal unit cost, creating wealth and jobs in vulnerable coastal communities. LG2 seeks to undertake a complete field evaluation of the SBCC systems developed in LG1, whilst de-risking the commercial realisation of the farming system through further development of innovative anchoring systems and monitoring techniques for sea based deployments. LG2 will bring together a multidisciplinary consortium of experts from technical, engineering, research, market and policy backgrounds to take an innovative approach to overcome the technical and economic challenges currently preventing a novel candidate aquaculture species from being commercially exploited.

Lobster Grower 2 (LG2) specifically addresses the lack of technical advances in lobster aquaculture by further progressing developments made in LG1. LG2 aims to i) ensure technical robustness of European lobster farming system allowing survivability and secure stock production, ii) understand potential environmental impact that allows to put effective mitigation actions in place, and iii) provide a detailed economic assessment based on farm operations and leading to the development of an aqua-economical predictive tool. The only other developmental work taking place is being undertaken by members of the European Lobster Centre of Excellence, (ELCE). Projects in Iceland, Sweden, and Norway are currently examining Land based Recirculating Aquaculture System (RAS) combined with Robotics approaches to culture. The land based RAS approach employs a technology with considerable barriers to market entry (very high start-up and capital costs) and very high operational costs (electricity, feed and staffing). It is therefore anticipated that long term, SBCC will have a competitive edge over land based RAS approaches. This project's approach is therefore radically different to the approach being developed elsewhere in Europe and represents a significantly innovative approach.

Technical Summary

Support from the Agri-tech catalyst has been secured for a 36 month project, addressing fundamental food security challenges by examining novel angles to expand aquaculture; to include a species not currently exploited, the European Lobster. This species commands the highest value (by volume) of any species landed in the UK and exhibits a significant supply deficit. Sea based culture, in containers (SBCC) exhibits the potential for a low carbon form of rearing with no feed costs. The project will use containers specifically designed for the species, developed in an early stage project, to assess performance and develop holistic application of SBCC systems. The project will run a pilot scale lobster farm to gather practical, operational, environmental, biological, engineering, economic and social data that can be used to develop an essential tool to encourage and inform future investment. The consortium will be led by the National Lobster Hatchery and consists of two SME's, two HEI's and a Government Agency.
Key technical innovations associated with this project will address the development of suitable anchoring systems, providing safe and robust operation, and cost effective access solutions for harvesting. In order to measure the impact of installations a sophisticated environmental monitoring exercise will be implemented, utilising novel water quality string configurations. The technical and environmental sea trials will be supported through oceanographic studies in the form of point measurements, providing flow and wave characteristics. These studies will provide the scientific evidence to inform possible environmental impacts and technical uncertainties towards new aquaculture ventures.

Planned Impact

In the joint policy paper published on the 22nd of July 2013 by the Department for Business Innovation & Skills, the Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs and the Department for International Development, it is identified that agricultural science and technology is rapidly becoming one of the world's fastest growing and exciting markets. It is also stated that the UK's food export in 2012 was in the order of £18 billion and that the entire agri-food contributes £96 billion or 7% of gross value to the UK, with an employment value to agriculture and fishing being in the order of £3.8 million. For the UK to hold its position as a strong producer and supplier of agriculture products and services it is essential to pursue the technology revolution within the sector, which has been described within the policy paper to be driven by global changes such as i) a rising population, ii) a rapid development of emerging economies with western lifestyle aspirations and iii) a growing geopolitical instability around shortages of land, water and energy.

Furthermore, as identified in the 'Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture for food security and nutrition' report from 2014 by the 'High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition' (HLPE), overall 158 million tonnes of finfish, crustaceans, molluscs, miscellaneous aquatic animals were produced in 2012, of which 91.3 million tonnes come from inland and marine capture fisheries and 66.6 million tonnes from inland and marine aquaculture. The continual growth in fish production - mostly from aquaculture since the 1990s - and improved production efficiency and distribution channels enabled the supply of fish for food per-capita to more than triple at world level since 1950, from 6 kg/cap/yr in 1950 to 19.2 kg/cap/yr in 2012. The today capture of finfish, crustaceans, molluscs, miscellaneous aquatic animals provide 3.0 billion people with almost 20 percent of their average per capita intake of animal protein, and a further 1.3 billion people with about 15 percent of their per capita intake. Through the economically and environmental sustainable production of farmed European Lobster a significant contribution can be generated to the further provision of capita intake of animal protein and hence positively contributing to food security.

The European lobster is a high value species, not currently exploited in the aquaculture sector: fisheries are limited and demand exceeds supply. In 2004 it was estimated that only 4.3% of demand was being met and the estimated market was around 70,000 and 50,000 tons of live and frozen product respectively. Supply, however, is limited to approximately 3,000 tons per year, thus there is a supply deficit of somewhere in the region of 120,000 tonnes and a clear market opportunity for the species (Kristiansen et al, 2004).
This project aims to progress the UK's aquaculture industry by enhancing the prospect for the culture of a species not currently exploited in the aquaculture industry. There is a critical mass of knowledge in the UK and the physical and chemical properties found in our coastal waters match the biological requirements of this high value candidate species. Further development of aquaculture will therefore provide an economic boost to the UK's agri-tech industry. The yearly global markets for live and frozen lobster is estimated to rise due to the increase in demand with product requirements estimated to be between 50,000 and 70,000 tonnes, whilst current landings of the European Lobster are in the order of 5,000 tonnes (http://www.fao.org/fishery/species/2648/en). By taking in consideration a price for the Lobster of £15 per kilogram (as identified in an article by The Telegraph from 28th April 2013) and assuming an increase through European Lobster farming from 5,000 tonnes to 20,000 tonnes the market increase would be from £75million to £300million per year.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description A total of 443 lobsters have been measured, processed, sectioned and stained by H&E for the CEFAS health screen. So far, 75 lobsters from the pre-deployment hatchery controls have been examined using a light microscope, with no significant signs of disease detected. PhD student Corey Holt has been dissecting the digestive tract and its contents from ~130 of these animals to extract the DNA, a substantial technical challenge given the size of the tissues, and with David Bass has met UoE sequencing staff to consider methodological options and their cost for this analysis. These costs have been relayed to other project partners to ensure they fit within the plan for other research streams being supported by the environmental budget. Corey has also been working on a literature review of invertebrate gut microbiota, and intends this to form a unit of publishable research.

The 4-month biological checks of monitored stock have been completed despite inclement weather causing less precise temporal sampling than was planned. Statistical analysis of this data confirms non-random survival within novel containers, confirming observations which identified a minor design/production flaw in this prototype container.
November and January deployments have been carried out; along with a September deployment within the main window, it is planned that (lobster supply permitting) further discrete deployments will take place in March, May, July, and September to provide the basis of a study assessing the effects of seasonality on deployment success.

BRUV and DDC camera drops were successfully carried out in November and December 2016. Outsourced services for the analysis of this data have been identified and a preferred supplier's quote approved. Cornwall IFCA have obtained permission from the MMO and Natural England to conduct grab sampling in and around the site. This work is of direct interest to Cornwall IFCA so they are collecting the samples themselves in exchange for access to the analysed data. The first sampling is planned and awaiting a suitable weather window and is expected to be conducted in Q5. Michelle Devlin (Cefas) has provided feedback on the overall benthic sampling plan, and made suggestions on data collection and how to account for variability.

The hydrodynamic modelling using Delft 3D has commenced with experimental grids created using a temporary license software. An automated reporting system for the hydrodynamic data is close to completion. This will allow monthly or quarterly reports on the wave buoy and ADCP data to be produced for the use of all project partners. Data collection and maintenance has been carried out to in-situ loggers positioned inside and outside of rearing containers at the site.
Exploitation Route Lobster Grower 2 will identify suitable mitigation actions to reduce environmental risk and provide customer confidence in the delivery of an 'environmental-friendly farmed product'. General environmental data will include the generation of physical and chemical data relating to the demonstration sites. This will assess conditions both within and around the SBCC devices. The investigators will assess: hydrodynamic properties and patterns including water movement (tidal, wave); water chemistry (temperature, pH, salinity, DO, TOC, organic by products and a suite of organic and inorganic properties) at varying depths, as well as the production of biological waste.

Collaboration has been entertained through a meeting between LG2 partners and Shellfish project (Cefas), who have been working on oceanographic characterisation of St Austell Bay as part of another project and has been enlisted onto the project to share his openly-available findings:
? Seasonal cycling of temperature-salinity regimes has been investigated for 9 sampling stations across the bay.
? Winter and summer temperature and salinity gradients across all sites have been summarised.
? Surface water circulation, tidal flows and halo/thermo-stratification in the bay discussed, and further existing data of interest identified.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

URL http://www.lobstergrower.co.uk/
 
Description Market Research: This work is in its early stage but a scope of interviews for purposes of market research has been decided on and interview campaign has been started. Attendance at the industrial steering group meeting on market perceptions have been used to interview four members of Industrial steering group, including Tesco and Waitrose representatives. Other outreach and approaches made to SAGB, overseas experts and seafood merchants via email have been started. Socio-economic impacts: A review of fishery legislation that is likely to affect a Lobster farm has been started. A template / contents page has been drafted and circulated to the wider group, as well as face-to-face consultant have been implemented with local fishery society. Early findings from the LG2 project have been discussed with the participants. Scientific Impacts: LG2 industry lead, National Lobster Hatchery (NLH) in Cornwall, has previously shown that rearing at sea has been found to accelerate growth and improve survival compared to traditional aquaria-based on-growing in mono-layer tray systems (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277961947_Development_of_sea_based_container_culture_for_rearing_European_Lobster_Homarus_gammarus_around_South_West_England), with maricultured lobsters appearing better prepared for wild release, both physically and behaviourally. Additionally, NLH studies have shown that lobsters reared in containers at sea show an increase in the expression of behavioural traits associated with post release survival. Lobster Grower 2 gives the opportunity to assess the practicalities of rearing juvenile lobsters at sea on a semi-intensive scale, and will provide us an unprecedented opportunity to explore how and why maricultured lobsters differ to aquaria-reared equivalents. Further research dissemination: Through public dissemination of the work undertaken in LG2 (via presentations, television programs, press articles, website and social media), the profile of each member of the LG2 consortium, as innovative industry/academic institutions, has been raised. Dissemination to the scientific community through publication in scientific journals and at scientific conferences, has improved the research standing of organisations involved, raising their profile in the field of lobster mariculture through the publication of articles in scientific journals and magazines. It also allows the public to be kept up to date with the research being conducted. A complete list of dissemination carried out in LG2 can be found in Annex 1. Social Media Findings of the project have been disseminated through the LG2 and NLH website and social media as well as the LG2 Blog, with regular updates to keep interested parties up to date with the work of the project. This has generated interest in the aquaculture industry advancements and in turn helped to improve public perceptions of aquaculture, addressing a national PR problem. It has also been a useful platform to engage with the public and introduce the prospect of clawed lobster as an aquaculture species. The profile of the Lobster Grower projects has been further enhanced by television, radio, press releases, social media and newsletters, which will continue throughout LG2. Higher Education Lectures/Talks The multidisciplinary collaborative research outcomes of LG2 will be exploited through dissemination of results to undergraduate and postgraduate students studying FAL and UoE. LG2 can be promoted as an example of sustainable food production, the use of environmental consideration in design and of economic growth in rural communities. The NLH has also used LG2 as a case study for conservation biology research when giving talks and lectures to HE classes from Falmouth Marine School, University of Plymouth, Cornwall College and UoE. This is set to continue throughout the project, show-casing the NLH as a centre for marine research in Cornwall and helping to attract HE students to undertake research projects at the NLH. Conferences Global recognition of the LG2 project leading the way in lobster aquaculture is already happening. In June 2017, the US state of Maine hosted the International Conference and Workshop on the Biology and Management of Lobsters, the 11th edition of a week-long meeting typically attended by close to 200 lobster scientists from over 20 countries. The conference is split into themed sessions, of which one of this year's 17 was 'Aquaculture', inclusive of tank- and wild-based operations for both full grow-out and fishery restocking. In the presentations which closed the conference, each session Chair was invited to summarise the highlights from their session and review general progress in their research field. While every other Chair was unambiguously enthusiastic about the pace of development and quality of research being done in that sector, it was notable that the Aquaculture chair Professor Andrew Jeffs of the University of Auckland took a different tone, instead choosing to highlight how painfully slow progress in aquaculture innovation has been. He said that the researchers actively working to innovate and solve issues in lobster aquaculture were doing an excellent job (of which the LG2 consortium are key players), but that in general the field was criminally under-resourced considering the perilous status of many wild fisheries and ecosystems, and the potential for research in aquaculture to boost sustainability and productivity of lobster seafood supplies and the coastal communities currently relying on their economic value. Carly Daniels also present at the European Aquaculture Society in Montpellier, France on the subject of "Novel Shellfish Aquaculture: European Lobster - environmental monitoring to inform rearing success". The presentation was in the Offshore Mariculture section of the conference and was well received. This was reflected in the hits to the website from France in this time period. Jamie Luxmoore presented at the offshore aquaculture session of the Oceanology International conference on the field monitoring systems deployed by the consortium in and around St Austell Bay. The session was chaired by Keith Jeffery and the project was also promoted at the CEFAS stand in the main conference hall. The presentation generated press interest and was subsequently reported in Aquafeed International. Martin Lilley presented 'How product design can progress the stock enhancement of lobster fisheries' at the British Ecological Society Annual Meeting 2018 in the session 'Nature and Humans (Exploitation or Ecosystem Services)'. The presentation was well received and demonstrated the cross-disciplinary nature of the LG2 project. Scientific publication Most partners have begun to publish their findings in high-impact peer reviewed journals. The NLH and the UoE have published two articles to date relating to flow-dynamics within SBCC containers. Publications expanding this knowledge and relating it to true values from SBCC culture gained during LG2. UoE have drafted a paper on the stability and flow-testing of the innovative anchoring system. Exploitation objective realisation post-LG2 Using the dissemination methods already used during the project, the consortium will continue to make research available to the public. The further continued exploitation of project outcomes including dissemination planned post LG2 is highlighted in Annex 2. FAL is keen to further enhance its research profile, which ultimately requires a strong submission to the REF2021 research assessment process. In order to generate a strong Impact Case Study submission, the University needs a combination of the worldwide Patent for the Novel SBCC, scientific manuscripts and evidence of the usage of the product in the commercial world. Manuscripts such as reviewing the usage of design techniques in Agri-tech industries and/or the use of sustainable materials within the system. The summary leaflet created by CEFAS highlights regulatory considerations associated with setting up a lobster farm off the cost of the UK. This will be of great value to new entrants in the aquaculture sector and will be made available for distribution post-LG2. The technical roadmap for lobster aquaculture (WP6D4) will detail the priority areas where further work is required to make the commercial lobster aquaculture a reality by 2030. This document will be made available to anybody who is interested in taking lobster aquaculture further in the future. Implementation timeline • 2015 - 2016: NLH secures Innovate UK funding and issues press release describing project. • 2016 - 2019: LG2 consortium delivers in depth research project into lobster aquaculture. Findings and events are disseminated along the way using a variety of methods. • 2019 - 2020: LG2 consortium continues to disseminate research by making it publically available (without compromising IP). Spin-off associated objectives Developing models for other species/countries (CEFAS) As Cefas is a not-for profit organisation they will not be seeking any financial gain from work and knowledge developed under LG2. Instead, they will use the knowledge gained for future projects and public benefit. CEFAS will use their skills gained developing the LG2 aqua-economic model by transferring them to developing models for other similar species such as the spiny lobster. This includes the potential for aqua-economic modelling within other overseas development funding streams such as GMEP, Newton or GCRF.
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Aquaculture Research Collaborative Hub (ARCH-UK)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Lars Johanning provide support as WG 6 lead, generating recommendations for the final round of funding within this Initiative to be announced by the Research Councils in 2017-18 as part of . The report is a distillation of a series of detailed overviews by the eight working groups (WGs) that were established by ARCH-UK in March 2017. The WGs are: WG1: Finfish nutrition WG2: Finfish health and welfare WG3: Shellfish health and disease WG4: Human health and food safety WG5: Stock improvement WG6: Markets, economics, social science and technology development WG7: Environmental interactions, climate change and environment and capacity WG8: Career development and training
URL https://www.aquaculturehub-uk.com/
 
Description Lobster Grower 2
Amount £804,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/M005194/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 01/2019
 
Description Lobster Transition Pod (Lobster 'TP')
Amount £135,136 (GBP)
Funding ID Marine-I MCF NLH 2018 
Organisation Cornwall Development Company 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 09/2019
 
Description Seaweed cultivation parnership
Amount £317,042 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2019 
End 10/2020
 
Title Aqua-economic model 
Description An aqua-economic tool was developed that was used for the development of the technical roadmap and for use by the NLH. This could also be used for future assessment of financial viability of the industry or by interested parties if made publically available. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact A comprehensive market evaluation report was carried out via engagement with wholesalers, retailers, processors and developers. This covered the product, the market, current trade, options for development and interactions with other sectors. 
 
Description MoU between CEFAS and University of Exeter 
Organisation Centre For Environment, Fisheries And Aquaculture Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The work implemented by myself and by the research team I'm leading has resulted in a request to implement a MoU
Collaborator Contribution Work on four research projects with CEFAS lead to this partnership.
Impact InnovateUK and BBSRC funded Lobster Grower (LG2) project.
Start Year 2016
 
Title European lobster container design 
Description The Lobster Grower (LG) project aimed to set in place the essential foundations to take a novel candidate aquaculture species (the European Lobster) closer to commercialisation. The early stage project aimed to overcome the primary obstacle currently excluding the species from farming, the development of a suitable system for on-growing juvenile lobsters: • The LG consortium successfully developed and filed a patent for a novel container for rearing lobsters in a passive, low carbon system known as sea based container culture (SBCC). Sea Based Container Culture (SBCC) systems offer the potential of a low carbon, 'green' approach to culture, providing a valuable protein source at minimal unit cost, creating wealth and jobs in coastal communities. filing date of 31 March 2016 
IP Reference GB1605479.3 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed Commercial In Confidence
Impact The wider vision of LG is to farm lobster, taking a novel approach, enabling a new industry to flourish; in turn contributing to food security and economic development objectives. During LG the consortium successfully secured funds to complete an Industrial stage project (Lobster Grower 2 - LG2) that will assess performance of the SBCC containers developed in LG and develop holistic application of SBCC systems. The project will run a pilot scale lobster farm to gather practical, operational, environmental, biological, engineering, economic and social data that can be used to develop an essential tool to encourage and inform future investment. • LG produced container designs based on a review of information from the available literature on European lobster requirements for growth and survival. • LG employed the services of a UK based engineering company delivered the injection moulded tooling products. • LG set in place the licences and permissions required to run a pilot scale lobster farm in a later stage project • LG helped develop a model for specific aquaculture sectors, to aid new entrants into the industry guiding on permissions and licence requirements for specific sectors and assist trail blazers.
 
Title SBCC - Sea Based Container Culture 
Description SBCC Systems - The entire system required to grow lobsters using the SBCC approach. This includes SBCC containers and other systems, including mooring and anchoring systems. In future it will also include systems which facilitate deployment, supplementary feeding, grading and harvesting. 
Type Of Technology New/Improved Technique/Technology 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact SBCC Containers - These are the containers which house and facilitate the growth of the lobsters themselves, including the internal basket, external superstructure, securing systems and any internal habitat. It includes design elements which allow good water exchange and encourage feed supply, as well as meeting the biological characteristics of lobsters (these developments were made in LG1 and suggested amendments will be considered in LG2). The design includes the system for attachment and integration to anchoring and mooring systems. In future this will also include systems which integrate with other components parts of the SBCC system, such as deployment, supplementary feeding, grading and harvesting systems. 
 
Title Subbuteo anchoring systems 
Description A novel subbuteo anchoring system for holding Sea Based Container Culture (SBCC) containers at a fixed height above the seabed has been developed and deployed. 
Type Of Technology New/Improved Technique/Technology 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Two versions of the subbuteo anchoring system were deigned and manufactured, designated respectively the heavyweight and the lightweight anchoring system. Both employ the principle of supporting the SBCC containers above the seabed attached by horizontal arms to a vertical pole. Both have built-in compliance so that the pole will tip over in the event of a large wave or strong current to reduce the loading on the containers and prevent the whole system from breaking. Both employ the principle of a rounded base and a low centre of gravity to allow smooth self-righting following tipping. 
 
Description Field Monitoring for Offshore Lobster Aquaculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Offshore Aquaculture Conference at Oceanology International, 13-15th March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.oceanologyinternational.com/en/Conference/Conferences1/?so=3&rpp=12&startRecord=13#
 
Description From hatchery to open sea: health and disease screening in juvenile European lobster (Homarus gammarus) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 11th International Conference and workshop on Lobster Biology and Management 4-9th June 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.11thicwl.com/
 
Description LG2 - Clawed Lobster Aquaculture: an Industry reality 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 11th International Conference and workshop on Lobster Biology and Management 4-9th June 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.11thicwl.com/
 
Description Lobster Grower - Towards mariculture of European lobsters for fisheries and aquaculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Key note speech by Carly Daniel at the SAGB Annual Conference - Fishmonger's Hall
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.shellfish.org.uk/12mar2017.html
 
Description Lobster Grower: exploring mariculture of hatchery European lobsters for fisheries and aquaculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 11th International Conference and workshop on Lobster Biology and Management 4-9th June 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.11thicwl.com/
 
Description Optimising fluid flow for lobster aquaculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lobster Grower is a multi-organisation, interdisciplinary research project, funded by Innovate UK/BBSRC, which aims to develop a sea based aquaculture system for rearing European lobster (Homarus gammarus). The research results from the project where presented to an international audience of experts within the field of aquaculture 'International Conference on Fisheries and Aquaculture', Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://aquaconference.com/2015/
 
Description Promising results from UK lobster hatchery 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Magazine article 'The Fish Site'. Article presented to the ongoing project led by the National Lobster Hatchery, UK lobster farming might be about to shift gear into a semi-intensive, highly productive industry. Article provides project insides from Dr Carly Daniels about why innovations that might revolutionise the sector could also be good news for the marine environment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://thefishsite.com/articles/promising-results-from-uk-lobster-hatchery
 
Description The Lobster Grower 2 project - an example of cooperation for growth from the UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Aquaculture Europe 17 - Cooperation for Growth 17-20th June 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.aquaeas.eu/39-uncategorised/365-ae2017-sessions
 
Description The gut microbiome of the European lobster (Homarus gammarus): in sickness and in health. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 11th International Conference and workshop on Lobster Biology and Management 4-9th June 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.11thicwl.com/