Developing metrics and use of long term datasets in grassland systems

Lead Research Organisation: Rothamsted Research
Department Name: Sustainable Agriculture Sciences-NW

Abstract

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Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The joint study using Rothamsted's Broadbalk LTE and INIA's La Estanzuela LTE tries to achieve a three-way decomposition of nutrients introduced into a farming system:
used for production, stored as part of the nutrient stock in the soil, or lost to the environment without being utilised.

The advancement made over the last 12 months has identified a previously missing interlinkages between soil chemistry (organic carbon), soil physics (porosity) and soil biology (microbial abundance), with inorganic plots showing a significantly higher level of nitrous oxide emissions compared to organic plots with similar levels of nitrogen inputs. A work is ongoing to translate this research into 'fit-for-purpose' metrics of sustainability, which can inform commercial farmers in both countries about agronomically and environmentally sustainable crop rotation and fertilisation strategies.
Exploitation Route The metrics will be applied in our BBSRC funded ISPG Soils to Nutrition. They will also be applied in commercial farms to assess their sustainability.
Extrapolation to landscape scale will be done with these metrics as part of the Soils to Nutrition ISPG.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment

 
Description A workshop was held in 19/12/2019. The 3-day international workshop on Spatial Analysis in R took the participants through: (a) core concepts of spatial data and its display, (b) key methods of spatial analysis and (c) a selection of spatial regression techniques and associated inference. It was conducted by Prof Lex Comber who holds a chair in Spatial Data Analytics at the School of Geography and Leeds Institute for Data Analytics and Dr Paul Harris who is a Senior Research Scientist at Rothamsted Research. There were 25 workshop participants and the workshop feedback was excellent. Pablo Terra visited North Wyke for one week in September 2019 to get an insight of the research carried out at the NWFP regarding sustainability metrics with the aim of applying similar measurements in one of the INIA's LTE "Palo a Pique". This LTE started in 1995 and it is assessing the sustainability of crop-livestock rotations. A Concept Paper was submitted a few months later and now it is under revision (expected to be published during March 2020). He also presented the other relevant crop-livestock rotation for Uruguay: rice-pasture. In this regard, Jesus Castillo is carrying out his PhD programme assessing the full chain nitrogen budget and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of this relevant rotation system at several scales (LTE, farm, region, country) and he will also analyse the spatial variability of NUE at the field scale. Recently, in the framework of the Global Farm Platform, an international workshop was held in North Wyke (24-26 Feb 2020) where representative from selected farm platforms around the globe attended (Brazil, Uruguay, US, France, Ireland, UK, Kenya, China, Australia, New Zealand). Walter Ayala represented the Pao a Pique farm platform. We are working in delivering three global papers focused on global data, breeding goals and net zero carbon, respectively. A joint study using Rothamsted's Broadbalk LTE and INIA's La Estanzuela LTE was established through BBSRC Partnering Award. Led by Dr Taro Takahashi (RRes) and Valentina Rubio (INIA), this research tries to achieve a three-way decomposition of nutrients introduced into a farming system: used for production, stored as part of the nutrient stock in the soil, or lost to the environment without being utilised. The advancement made over the last 12 months has identified a previously missing interlinkages between soil chemistry (organic carbon), soil physics (porosity) and soil biology (microbial abundance), with inorganic plots showing a significantly higher level of nitrous oxide emissions compared to organic plots with similar levels of nitrogen inputs. A work is ongoing to translate this research into 'fit-for-purpose' metrics of sustainability, which can inform commercial farmers in both countries about agronomically and environmentally sustainable crop rotation and fertilisation strategies.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Revision of emission factors for the greenhouse gas inventory in the UK
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The UK is an Annex I country for the reporting of greenhouse gas emissions to the United Framework Convention for Climate change. As such, the UK is committed to reducing its emissions according to International Agreements (for ex. the Kyoto protocol). The development of new Emission Factors for agriculture has a impact not only on the accounting of national emissions, but also on the application of mitigation strategies from the understanding on where the emissions come from, also to show compliance with the international demands for reduction.
 
Description GPLER Discovery of new nitrification inhibitors to mitigate nitrous oxide emissions in grazed pastures
Amount $25,500 (NZD)
Organisation Global Partnerships in Livestock Emissions Research 
Sector Public
Country New Zealand
Start 07/2018 
End 06/2019
 
Description STARS Centre for Doctoral Training-Harry Barrat
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/M009106/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 03/2021
 
Description Soils to Nutrition, S2N as a Co-I
Amount £8,500,000 (GBP)
Funding ID S2N ISPG 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2022
 
Title Developing of metrics of sustainability 
Description We have started developing the metrics of sustainability from agricultural systems. A database has been compiled that will be populated with detailed information from experimental farms in Uruguay and the UK. These metrics will be tested in commercial farms. 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - mammalian in vivo 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The developed metrics will be applicable to industry, particularly farms, fertiliser business and for policy. 
 
Title Compilation of long term experiments data for developing of metrics 
Description Data from the Rothamsted Research and INIA in Uruguay long term experiments has started been compiled for later analyses 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This very rich data source will be used initially for developing metrics of sustainability and will also be supplied to modellers and any other researchers that can make use of it. 
 
Title Farm Platform Data Portal 
Description The Farm Platform Data Portal contains core data for the Farm Platform and facilitates access to the data to both Rothamsted Research staff and the wider research community. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This database allows open access to researchers to utilise the core data generated from the Farm Platform National Capability. The database was first released in 2016 and currently there are ~120 registered users of the data portal 
URL https://nwfp.rothamsted.ac.uk/
 
Title GWmodel R package 
Description GWmodel R package is a collection spatial statistical tools for exploring spatial heterogeneity. Continually developed since its release in 2013. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact "GWmodel" produced 66,200 Google hits. 
URL https://www.jstatsoft.org/article/view/v063i17
 
Title New emission factors for nitrous oxide and methane emissions from agriculture in the UK 
Description From a large programme of research, we have developed new emission factors for nitrous oxide emissions from soils and manure; methane emissions from livestock and manures. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The data has been included in the inventory of greenhouse gases from the UK to estimate emissions 
URL http://www.environmentdata.org/archive/ghgno:676
 
Description Agro-ecological factors influencing prices of cattle products 
Organisation INIA Uruguay
Country Uruguay 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Statistical analysis of data
Collaborator Contribution Provided data for the statistical analysis above
Impact Data sharing for further analysis of the data provided by INIA. Disciplines are economics, statistics, agronomy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Animal behaviour influence on N2O emissions 
Organisation University of Texas
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The idea of relating emissions of nitrous oxide to animal behaviour, joining my expertise in atmospheric emissions with the behaviour knowledge of the colleague in Texas
Collaborator Contribution The understanding of animal behaviour
Impact Presentations in conferences as listed in the relevant section of this award
Start Year 2016
 
Title GWmodel R package 
Description A suite of spatial statistical modelling tools See https://www.jstatsoft.org/article/view/v063i17 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact 66200 Google hits 
URL https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=GWmodel
 
Description 3rd Conference of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Animal Agriculture Production Systems of Latin America (GALA 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This conference gathers researchers in Latin America working on greenhouse gases and agriculture. Laura Cardenas gave 2 presentations: 'N2O emissions pathways from soils under grazing'; 'What and How' during the conference that took place in October 4th to 6th, 2017 in Colonia, Uruguay
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description AAB Conference on Sustainable Intensification 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A presentation was given in Harpenden, 28-30 Novemberby T Takahashi at the AAB Conference on Sustainable Intensification entitled: Redefining sustainability: novel metrics to evaluate farming systems based on the dynamic flow of nutrients
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBSRC International Partnering Award Workshop with INIA, Uruguay. 2-4th December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This was a workshop to share research ideas and develop collaborations between INIA and Rothamsted Research as part of the BBSRC Partnering Award between the two Institutes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Exchange visit from Uruguay to the UK, 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit by Valentina Rubio from INIA Uruguay. she is a master's student who fulfilled the exchange visit from Uruguay to the UK and during her visit she participated in the activities:1) 4-7 September: SOM Conference; 2) 8 September: Meeting statisticians at Harpenden; 3) 11-28 September: Metrics work at NW; 4) 29 September: Meeting with statisticians at Harpenden. Valentina worked mostly with Taro Takahashi compiling datasets from the UK and Uruguay to estimate metrics of sustainability
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description First workshop of the metrics development project-Partnering Award INIA and Rothamsted 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop was help in two locations, at North Wyke in Devon and Harpenden in Hertfordshire. Five visitors from INIA in Uruguay attended and presentations were given by them as well as members of Rothamsted in both sites. The workshop was open to all members of Rothamsted staff and about 15 talks were given.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description GW models, CAS, Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China (two-day workshop with A Comber) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact GW models, CAS, Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China (two-day workshop with A Comber)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Geographically Weighted PCA: Introductions and Uses. Spatial Accuracy Conference, Beijing, China (one-day workshop with A Comber) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Geographically Weighted PCA: Introductions and Uses. Spatial Accuracy Conference, Beijing, China (one-day workshop with A Comber)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Global Roundtable of Sustainable Beef 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give the keynote at the Global roundtable of sustainable beef in Kilkenny Ireland on 'Future Perspectives of Sustainable Agriculture'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited talk at EAAP - European Federation of Animal Science Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give the key note address for the Livestock and Farming Commission of EAAP on 'Agricultural sustainability metrics based on land required for production of essential human nutrients'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited visit by Regional Government of Chongching PR China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited by the Regional Government of Chongching PR China to discuss aspects of sustainable livestock production at a gathering of party members and Scientists at Rhongchang.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description NFU Cymru - Future of the Uplands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact NFU Cymru hosted a discussion panel debate at the Royal Welsh show where I presented our research on Sustainable Livestock systems which covered many aspects of projects and research we are undertaking to determine the role and impact of livestock in a sustainable food chain and future environmental policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SRUC Research Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give a key address to all staff at SRUC as part of their research day on the research we have undertaken at Rothamsted on Sustainable Livestock Systems and soil health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Sustainable Intensification Conference, Harpenden, 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of paper: - Cardenas, Takahashi, Harris, Mead, Lee. Redefining sustainability: novel metrics to evaluate farming systems based on the dynamic flow of nutrients
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Future of Long-Term Experiments in Agricultural Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of the paper The Future of Long-Term Experiments in Agricultural Science in Rothamsted Conference Centre, 21 May, 2018 by TARO TAKAHASHI, VALENTINA RUBIO, ANDREW MEAD, LAURA CARDENAS, MARGARET GLENDINING, FERNANDO LATTANZI, ANDY MACDONALD, TOM MISSELBROOK, JOSE TERRA and MICHAEL LEE
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit from Uruguay to the UK, May 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit by Jose Terra and Jesus Castillo from INIA, Uruguay on 18/5/17. A small group discussed the development of metrics of sustainability and what datasets can be used for this.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Visit from Uruguay to the UK, October 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit by Bruno Lanfranco from INIA, Uruguay, between 10-13 October 2016, included a seminar given by Bruno,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Visit from Uruguay to the UK, September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit by Ignacio Macedo and Virginia Pravia from INIA, Uruguay on 8/9/17, where we discussed common areas of research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017