Improving agroforestry and silvopastoral systems in Latin America by maximising species and genetic diversity of the multipurpose legume Inga

Lead Research Organisation: University of Exeter
Department Name: Geography

Abstract

Tropical forest soils in the Amazon and many other parts of Latin America are generally nutrient-poor and unsuited to long-term agricultural use. Land converted to agriculture by cutting and burning natural vegetation tends to remain productive for only a few years, necessitating continual advance of the agricultural frontier, with accompanying deforestation, and generating situations of food insecurity and poverty.

Agroforestry and silvopastoral systems, which incorporate trees into crop and livestock systems, have been shown to make a dramatic impact on the maintenance and restoration of long-term productivity in agricultural landscapes, including degraded and abandoned land, and are well suited to use by poor rural smallholders. They can provide major benefits through enhanced livelihoods and food security, as well as to local economies.

Inga is a diverse genus of trees from the legume family, found across the humid tropics of Latin America. These fast-growing trees are able to capture nitrogen from the atmosphere and fertilise the soil around them. They can be grown in poor, degraded soils, out-competing weeds and invasive species.

The value of native trees, including Inga, within agroforestry systems, where they are planted to provide a nurturing environment for crops, has been amply demonstrated by a number of projects, and is gaining momentum. However, this has been insufficiently explored. Most such systems have been developed around a limited genetic stock of a single species, Inga edulis, yet it performs best under a limited range of conditions and other Inga species are likely to provide equal if not greater benefits outside of this range, which would expand the geographic and ecological scope within which these systems can be applied.

Emerging techniques in genetics offer the potential for rapid identification of species and genotypes of Inga with similar ecological characteristics, thus facilitating fast-tracking of appropriate candidates into field trials and ultimately into more productive landscapes. The project will apply state-of-the-art genetic approaches to complete a thorough analysis of the genus, focusing primarily on species in the Brazilian Amazon, identifying the most suitable species for agroforestry and silvo-pastoral systems. Critically, this selection of species will be done in consultation with stakeholders and smallholders, to ensure uptake and use of the selected species.

Targeted field collection of tissue specimens and seeds from these species will support ongoing genetic research, and will be used to establish early-stage field trials in Mato Grosso (southern Amazon), both in controlled contexts and in agroforest systems. These will be monitored to assess a range of characters including growth rate, biomass and tree form, all of which are important indicators of their suitability. Longer-term monitoring, using protocols developed by the project, will provide further indication of their potential value within these systems.

The project will be delivered in Brazil through collaborative partnerships between UK and Brazilian scientists. It aims to develop and demonstrate the effectiveness of a methodological approach that can form the basis for improved agroforestry and silvopastoral systems across Latin America. In the course of the project, the team will build a network of scientists and practitioners within Brazil and across other Latin American countries, facilitating the development of further research in this field and communicating its findings to a range of academics, practitioners of agroforestry and silvo-pastoral systems and the lay public, in both Latin America and the UK.

Technical Summary

Existing agroforestry and silvo-pastoral systems (AF/SPS) in Latin America rely on few tree species that may be poorly adapted to specific edaphic environments and stakeholder needs. The proposed research will expand greatly the suite of tree species available for use in AF/SPS systems in moist tropical environments in Latin America, via a comprehensive research programme spanning from field trials to cutting-edge, next-generation sequencing approaches. We will focus on the hyperdiverse (~300 species) and ecologically dominant tree genus Inga (Leguminosae), for which we have already developed hybrid-capture protocols to efficiently sequence ~1400 genes, and for which field trials for AF/SPS have already been developed and implemented. In addition, the fact that Inga belongs to the economically important legume family allows us to leverage deep functional genetic, ecophysiological and agronomic knowledge to accomplish our key objectives.

We will increase our phylogenetic sampling of Inga (currently 135 species, mostly outside Brazil) to include multiple populations of all 93 Inga species present in the Brazilian Amazon. We will use this phylogenetic knowledge to determine which species are close relatives of the very few Inga species that are currently extensively used in AF/SPS systems. In consultation with stakeholders, we will implement field trials to determine which of these previously unused Inga species have the most desirable functional properties in terms of performance in AF/SPS systems. We will hold a workshop at the project's end, to diffuse this knowledge to key players in AF/SPS systems in Brazil, and elsewhere in Latin America, to expand the network and increase the efficiency of AF/SPS systems in Latin America. Lastly, we will leverage generated sequence data and existing transcriptomic data for 15 Inga species to determine which genetic loci underlie performance in field trials, which can improve future breeding improvement of Inga species.

Planned Impact

The principal short- to medium-term impact of this project will be establishment of the scientific framework and collaborative partnerships necessary for the development of agroforest and silvopastoral systems for crop and livestock production that will contribute to more sustainable and productive agricultural landscapes in the humid Neotropics. The project will leave a lasting legacy including: (i) increased awareness, knowledge and uptake among scientists, practitioners and policy-makers of Inga systems; (ii) greatly improved knowledge of appropriate species and varieties of Inga for application within this context, achieved through the application of advanced molecular techniques and field trials supporting site-appropriate selection and breeding; (iii) new partnerships, alliances and technical approaches for further research and development in the region; and (iv) enhanced capacity for applied genomic research in Brazil applicable to agroforestry development and improvement more broadly.

In the longer term, in addition to future research built on the foundations of the project, the ultimate beneficiaries of our work will be rural communities in lower-middle income countries in Latin America. Via the greater resilience of agroforest and silvopastoral systems in times of climatic change and population growth, these communities can benefit from reduced poverty, improved food security, and reduced pressure on natural vegetation and biodiversity through conversion to agriculture. The outcomes from the project will therefore directly support Brazil in delivery of its commitments to the Convention on Biological Diversity and to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description This project had an overall aim to build techniques and research partnerships spanning from genomics to social forestry, which can deliver more productive, sustainable agroforestry and silvopastoral systems in Brazil using native, nitrogen fixing Inga (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) tree species.

The original specific objectives of the project were:

(i) Apply next-generation, hybrid-capture sequencing techniques to identify close relatives of Inga species already utilised in agroforestry.

We used a target capture bait set comprising 1320 loci, a combination of the Inga-specific set detailed in Nicholls et al. (2015) and the mimosoid set detailed in Koenen et al. (2020). These were used to generate hybrid-capture sequences for 480 accessions of Inga. These covered Brazilian Amazonian species as intended in the original proposal, but the use of herbarium specimens, which the hybrid capture technique facilitates by its capacity to sequence degraded DNA, means that we have been able to include more species.

Generation of data was delayed by the covid pandemic causing lab closures in Exeter, and denial of a no-cost extension (March 2021) related to cuts to the UKRI ODA budget meant that data analysis has been slow because postdoc Rosalia Pineiro needed to move to a new position. However, our hyb-seq data have been analysed in a phylogenetic framework using both a concatenated maximum-likelihood and a multi-species coalescent species-tree approach. The raw reads for the new samples will be deposited at ENA, along with the previous Inga datasets (PRJEB8722, PRJNA683762). Our phylogeny now comprises 1009 accessions covering 253 Inga species, and paper manuscripts are in preparation examining relationships across the genus and the differences in genetic variation in cultivated versus non-cultivated species across Amazonia (see (ii) below.

(ii) Develop molecular markers for interpreting genetic diversity within wild and cultivated populations of Inga species.

We have adopted two marker sets to address the question of the genetic diversity in wild and cultivated populations. For local scale studies (i.e., comparison of adjacent wild and cultivated stands) the original intention in the proposal was to develop microsatellite markers. However, we decided that a RAD-seq approach would be more powerful and that there were considerable capacity building benefits to upgrade the lab of project partner Maristerra Lemes in Manaus to be able to carry our RAD-seq studies. DNA extraction for RAD-seq was completed in late 2021 in Lemes' Manaus lab, which was closed for much of 2020 and 2021 because of the covid pandemic. Denial of a no cost extension (March 2021) means funds earmarked for RAD-seq were lost; we are currently seeking funding needed for this work.

Fortunately wider, Amazon-basin scale comparisons of genetic diversity in wild and cultivated species are possible because we have sequenced using target capture 96 geographically separate accessions of the cultivated species Inga edulis and 55 for I. feuellei, and we can compare these with multiple accessions of the non-used species I. thibaudiana (108 accessions), I. nobilis (95 accessions). These data have been analysed phylogenetically (see (i) above) to compare geographic structure in wild and cultivated species and we are running analyses using StarBEAST to compare patterns of intraspecific divergence.


(iii) Sample 5 geographically paired wild and cultivated populations of the widely utilised species Inga edulis across the Brazilian Amazon and use the markers developed in (ii) to study their genetic diversity.

We sampled 5 paired wild and cultivated populations in the Brazilian States of Amazonas (vicinity of Manaus), Pará (vicinity of Belém) and Mato Grosso (vicinity of Alta Floresta). Their genetic diversity was planned to be compared using RAD-seq but that work is currently stalled because of loss of funds (see (ii) above).

(iv) Build a network to field-trial previously unused Inga species and more genetically diverse populations of species already used in AF/SPS.

We field trialled seven Inga species with collaboration with our partners Instituto Ouro Verde (IOV) and State University of Mato Grosso (UNEMAT). These included species identified from our preliminary phylogenies as related to cultivated species (e.g., I. macrophylla, related to the cultivated I. feullei), plus others for which seed was available locally in Mato Grosso and that local people suggested had favourable characteristics for cultivation (e.g., I. huberi). We included the most widely cultivated Inga species, I. edulis, for comparison. We set up two trials of 1Ha on two sites with contrasting soil moisture (wet, dry) using a randomised block design in 2018. Measurements of growth and mortality over the subsequent three years show some startling results, with I. huberi greatly outperforming the widely used I. edulis in growth. The species also differed greatly in dry season mortality, which will be a critical factor to consider in their use in agroforestry systems given future hotter, drier climate predicted for southern Amazonia.
These results are currently in preparation for publication and have already been applied in development of new silvopastoral systems systems being scaled-up in Mato Grosso by our partners Instituto Ouro Verde with a Global Challenges Research Fund Global Research Translation Award (GRTA) to the University of Exeter (see narrative impact section)
Exploitation Route These results have already been applied in development of new agroforestry and silvopastoral systems systems being scaled-up in Mato Grosso by our partners Instituto Ouro Verde with a Global Challenges Research Fund Global Research Translation Award (GRTA) to the University of Exeter (see narrative impact section for full details)
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

URL https://blogs.exeter.ac.uk/ingasystems/
 
Description Deforestation in Amazonia is most severe in the "arc of deforestation" across the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Pará, driven mainly by intensive soybean and cattle farming. Agroforestry and silvopastoral systems offer more sustainable types of land use that slow this deforestation, benefit small farmers via increased food security and incomes, whilst simultaneously increasing biodiversity and carbon storage. In this project we employed a multi-disciplinary approach to develop improved native tree-based agroforestry/silvopastoral systems, and in newly funded projects that arose from it within the project timeframe, we have already been able to scale these systems and to investigate how to overcome social and gender bias in their successful implementation. Using next-generation DNA sequencing, plus local knowledge we identified relatives of cultivated species of the nitrogen-fixing legume genus Inga and tested their performance in a field trial to see which are best suited for planting in the highly seasonal forests of southern Amazonia. Our results show that species that have never or seldom been used in cultivation (e.g., I. huberi, I. macrophylla) outperform widely used species such as I. edulis in both growth rates and survival. Using some of the results from our field trials, with GCRF Global Research Translation Award funding won in 2019, we planted 20x c.3ha demonstration silvopastoral systems in four communities in northern Mato Grosso. These used a design of lines of mixed species of trees, separating areas of grazing. The trees were chosen to provide benefits (ecological and economic) at different stages of the life cycle of the silvopastoral systems. To encourage uptake we have developed simple printed guides plus an innovative mobile phone application, AmazonPasto. A key aspect of uptake is the ability of our partner Instituto Ouro Verde to offer small farmers microcredit. With University of Exeter GCRF Facilitation Fund support (2020) we were able to investigate the current roles, strengths, and barriers to developing women's social and economic autonomy and to increase the socio-economic impact of the agroforestry and silvopastoral income-generating initiatives. We focused on two women's agroforestry groups, working with "pequi" (the nutritious fruit of the tree Caryocar brasiliense) and the Female Fibre Artisans Network, who produce handicrafts from forest products. Our findings show how important it is to connect people with the forest at different levels, integrating various aspects of lifestyle with sustainable harvesting of trees, seeds and non-timber forest products. We have shown how interdisciplinary scientific approach can build better native tree-based agroforestry/silvopastoral systems, and our success is demonstrated by our projects being one of only six shortlisted nationally for Times Higher Education Awards Best UK STEM Project of the Year in 2020. Our projects have demonstrated that wider uptake of agroforestry/silvopastoral systems depends upon consultative dialogue with communities to create systems that take into account the objectives of individual farmers reinforced by innovative use of technology and provision of microcredit. Our projects will help ensure that the use of these systems continues to grow and thereby improve livelihoods and wellbeing for marginalised small farm communities in Amazonian Brazil.
First Year Of Impact 2020
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Acordos de Cooperação / COVID-19: "RESILIÊNCIA FRENTE À COVID-19: ADAPTAÇÕES PARA O FORTALECIMENTO DAAGRICULTURA FAMILIAR NA FRONTEIRA AGRÍCOLA AMAZÔNICA"
Amount R$ 275,898 (BRL)
Organisation São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 03/2022 
End 02/2024
 
Description ES-TAF-8666: Tropical Agrodiversity from Historical Collections of the Royal Botanic Garden of Madrid. SYNTHESYS+, European Commission funded, for visiting natural history collections of Inga (€2813, 8 projects funded out of 31)
Amount € 2,813 (EUR)
Funding ID SYNTHESYS+ project ES-TAF-8666 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2021 
End 05/2021
 
Description University of Exeter GCRF Facilitation Fund, "Investigating the contributions of women's agroforestry activities to renegotiating gender equality and food security in Brazil"
Amount £54,910 (GBP)
Organisation University of Exeter 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2020 
End 07/2021
 
Description University of Exeter GCRF Global Research Translation Award: Sustainable Solutions to Food Security Challenges
Amount £621,951 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T015268/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2019 
End 03/2021
 
Description Studies on silvopastoral systems in South Amazonia 
Organisation Mato Grosso State University
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Supervising students in field work training and assisting in project experiment design and data analysis. In addition, I have co-authored papers on the subject.
Collaborator Contribution Provided infrastructure for field work and provided access to their database.
Impact There were five undergraduated students from the agronomy course that engaged in field work and research. Additionally, we have worked on three papers, being one accepted, one submitted, and one being prepared for submission.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Agroforestry workshop from EMBRAPA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioners,students and other representatives of the third sector and environmental agencies from the region met in Sinop to discuss opportunities and pratice of agroforestry in the region. I made a lecture on sustainable indicators systems adapted to local socioecological systems. A network of practitioners and researchers has been created to increase the impact of agroforestry regionally.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description BBC news on the Inga project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I colaborated with an interview by e-mail, which was then part of an article published in the Science and Environment section of the BBC website. It generated interest of the general public and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-50200142
 
Description Florestas Online 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact It was a virtual workshop allowing practitioners to know the main technological and scientific innovations from the forestry sector of Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.florestasonline.com.br/index.html
 
Description Forests & Livelihoods: Assessment, Research, and Engagement, Twitter Conference 2021: Reimagining Forests and Livelihoods in Turbulent Times 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Based on the social media platform Twitter, a Twitter conference is an event where people can showcase their work to a broader audience. Presentations consist of a series of tweets (280 characters each). The event is free, and anyone with a twitter account can see your presentation! The FLARE Network Twitter Conference presentations will consist of five tweets in five minutes (one minute per post). Each presentation will be followed by a Q&A session with tweeted questions. Each presenter uses the hashtag #FLARETC20 and observers simply follow the hashtag to engage with conference presenters.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.forestlivelihoods.org/twitter-conference-2020/
 
Description Global Landscapes Forum Biodiversity, Digital Conference: One World - One Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On 28-29 October, more than 5,000 people from 148 countries gathered online at the GLF Biodiversity Digital Conference: One World - One Health to advocate for the importance of biodiversity in preventing future crises of global pandemics and climate change. Indigenous leaders, policy experts, heads of global organizations, youth and more came together in 50 sessions, plenaries, virtual tours, launches to exchange knowledge and inform decision-makers about the crucial interdependencies of all life on Earth.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://events.globallandscapesforum.org/biodiversity-2020/
 
Description Herramientas Genómicas para el estudio de Árboles del Amazonas y la Selva Tropical Africana. Lecture at the M.Sc. in Biodiversity and Conservation of Tropical areas, UIMP-CSIC, Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Sixty students attended a guest lecture of the M.Sc. in Biodiversity and Conservation of Tropical areas, a joint M.Sc. programme coordinated between the Universidad Internacional Melendez Pelayo (UIMP) and the Research Council of Spain (CSIC). The programme is especially directed towards university graduates in the fields of Biological Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Pharmacy, Veterinary Studies, Agricultural, Agronomic or Forest Engineering, and other degrees related to the environment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.uimp.es/postgrado/estudios/fichaestudio.php?plan=P03O&any=2018-19&verasi=N&lan=en
 
Description Interview for the Christian Science Monitor (Canada) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I was interviewed by a journalist from the Christian Science Monitor, Canada, who visited us and some of the areas I have been working. The article is still being prepared.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/2020/0310/The-secret-to-sustainably-farming-the-Amazon-The-mir...
 
Description Invited Presentation, International Legume Conference, Japan, "Inga: using a next-generation hybrid capture phylogenomics method in a case study of evolutionary radiation in tropical rain forest trees" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited conference presentation to a highly diverse international group of legume scientists. Raised awareness of the potential of legume tree species in agroforesty systems in developing countries
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited conference talk, International Biogeography Society Meeting, Malaga, Spain, Jan 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Postdoc Rosalia Pineiro gave an invited talk "Tropical Tree Genomics: the African rainforest during the Ice Ages". This contained a section where she outlined the hybrid-capture sequencing element of our project as a means of identifying Inga species with potential in agroforestry. GIven the wide audience for this talk, this was a good way to raise awareness of our new project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited lecture, University of Exeter Global Challenges Symposium, "Addressing global challenges from the University of Exeter" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited lecture by Toby Pennington that shared experiences of best practice around global challenges related research. Broad themes related to building partnerships across different geographies and sectors, coupled with personal reflections on the GCRF agenda and what it has meant for your research (e.g., promoting interdisciplinarity and engagement with the humanities and social sciences). This stimulated diverse questions, especially around building sustainable partnerships and what constitutes effective capacity building in the global south.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited seminar, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: "Neotropical dry forests and savannas: diversity, biogeography and conservation" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited research seminar at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in which I was able to present outcomes from three NERC funded projects that have increased ecosystem monitoring and understanding of dry biomes in Latin America
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited seminar, Universidade do Estado do Mato Grosso, Alta Floresta, Brazil "Inga: a model for Amazonian evolution, ecology and agroforestry" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Toby Pennington gave a seminar about the biology and uses of the genus Inga to a general audience at the State University of Mato Grosso. Questions focused on the uses of Inga species in agroforestry systems.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Kew Outreach (Science): Improving agroforestry and silvopastoral systems in the Amazon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Making the research project more available. The impacts are not known.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.kew.org/science/our-science/projects/amazon-agroforestry-silvopastoral
 
Description Meeting in University of Mato Grosso 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Mr. Pennington, Alexandre Olivval and I presented current research and extension activities carried out, which generated debate with students about the multipurpose legume Inga and agrosilvopastoral systems.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Newton-Paulet funded workshop "Integrating omic-based technologies for the valorization of Peruvian crop biodiversity", Universidad Catolica Santa Mari´a, Arequipa-Peru´ 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A three-day workshop funded by the Newton Paulet Fund (Brithish Council) "Integrating omic-based technologies for the valorization of Peruvian crop biodiversity" that was held in Arequipa-Perú (Universidad Catolica Santa María) from September 10th to 12th 2019, led by Dr. Lena Gálvez. A group of 36 scientist -from Peru and the UK- evaluated the potential integrations of -omic tools to valorise the genetic resources of the large diversity of endemic crops in Peru. I contributed transferring my experience in developing genomic methods for assessing crop wild relative species.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://twitter.com/FondecytPeru/status/1183837150367944709?s=08
 
Description Participation in the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Alexandre Olival and I participated in the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry, held in Montpellier, France. I presented a poster and wrote an abstract for the annals of the event, while Alexandre presented the work with silvipastoral systems in an oral presentation session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://agroforestry2019.cirad.fr/
 
Description Plenary speaker at the 9th International Biogeography Society Meeting, Málaga, Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In January last year I took part as a plenary speaker at the International Biogeography Meeting (IBS, https://www.xcdsystem.com/ibs/program/fzNIpeL/index.cfm?pgid=368). This is the most important international meeting in Biogeography and takes place every second year all over the world. The meeting has c.a. 500 participants but in the main symposia there are not concurrent sessions, which means that they accept 10 talks only.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.biogeography.org/event/spain2019/?
 
Description Population Genomics for Biogeography and Species Delimitation, Workshop Conservation Genetics in the Tropics, Doñana Biological Station, CSIC, Sevilla, Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact At the International Biogeography Meeting I met Jennifer Leonard, a principal investigator at the Estación Biológica de Doñana-CSIC, expert in animal population genetics and modern DNA technology to sequence DNA from historical and archaeological collections. She invited me to take part, as an instructor, at the Tropical Conservation Course she organises at the facilities of the National Park, where researchers from all over the world get training on Tropical Research (http://consevol.org/consgentropicscourse.html).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.ebd.csic.es/en/biologia-de-la-conservacion
 
Description Population Genomics of Paleo- and Neotropical Trees. Plenary speaker at the 1st Annual Symposium of Botany in Spain, Sevilla, Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Spanish Society of Botany (SEBOT) did not exist until only 6 months ago. It was created as a federation of five botanical associations in Spain and has c.a. 700 members. I was invited as one of the 8 main speakers to give a talk that is linked to a publication at a special issue of the open Access Journal Frontiers in Plant Sciences "Phylogenomic Approaches to Deal with Particularly Challenging Plant Lineages", which I signed as my first publication as a senior author (under minor revision). The symposium was a success, with 160 attendees (https://simposioanualbotanicaespanola.weebly.com/). After the success of the first Annual Symposium of the Spanish Society of Botany, I will become a member of the organising committee from 2021 onwards. Next year, it will be held at the Jardín Botánico de Madrid.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://simposioanualbotanicaespanola.weebly.com/
 
Description Population genomics of Palaeo- and Neotropical trees: biogegraphy, species delimitation, and domestication 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I presented the main results of my research on tropical tree evolution, including Inga, as a guest of the Seminar Series of the Biology Department of the University of A Coruna, which take place on a monthly basis, and are advertise also outside the University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentation in Kew Gardens, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Alexandre Olival and I presented research and extension activities and findings with and audience mainly represented by researchers, who engaged in a discussion about sustainable socioecological systems in the southern Amazon forest frontier, in the north of Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation in the University of Exeter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I presented the first findings and the monitoring protocol used in the silvicultural trials of seven Inga species in Brazil for a group of students of the University of Exeter. Alexandre Olival presented the context in wich this study has been taken place, with especial emphasis on the Agroforestry Research Center, led by Instituto Ouro verde, in Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Programa de Pesquisa em Resiliencia (Workshop) UFSCar: use of Inga in agroforestry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Wider knowledge of the use of Inga in agroforestry and silvopastoral projects among relevant scientists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Rural extension workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I talked about the technical challenges to implement diverse estratified agrosilvopastoral systems in a meeting of extensionists debating local challenges of rural extension. It raised questions about family farming. This event was organized by Instituto Centro de Vida, a NGO from Alta floresta, MT, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Seminar open to the general public during SYNTHESYS-funded visit to the herbarium of the Botanic Garden of Madrid in order to examine valuable Inga specimens from the Spanish Expeditions of the 18th Century in South America. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Seminar open to the general public during SYNTHESYS-funded visit to the herbarium of the Botanic Garden of Madrid in order to examine Inga specimens from the Spanish

Expeditions of the 18th Century in South America.

Seminar Title "Domesticación de árboles tropicales: el impacto de los pueblos precolombinos en el Amazonas"

8th June 2021

Rosalía Piñeiro
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://twitter.com/RJBOTANICO/status/1401827621458042887
 
Description Talk "The rainforest during the Ice Ages" at the III UK Plant Evolution Meeting, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The UK Plant Evolution Meeting is becoming one of the main meetings for plant researchers based in the UK. In 2019 it was organised by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London and involved four sessions. I presented a talk in session 3.
SESSION 1: PLANT DEVELOPMENT AND EVOLUTION
SESSION 2: PLANT TRAITS INVOLVED IN ADAPTATION AND DOMESTICATION
SESSION 3: EVOLUTIONARY DRIVERS OF PLANT DIVERSITY
SESSION 4: RECENT APPROACHES TO UNDERSTANDING MACROEVOLUTION
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.kew.org/sites/default/files/2019-03/UKPEM-2019-PROGRAMME.pdf
 
Description UK-Brazil Frontiers of Science Symposium. Introductory Speaker: The Role of forests within mitigation strategies for climate change and supporting the global population 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Frontiers of Science meetings are all about cutting edge science and leaders of the future. They offer early-career researchers across the scientific disciplines the chance to interact and develop new collaborations, consider novel approaches to research and more. Frontiers of Science meetings provide an excellent opportunity for outstanding scientists to meet and forge new relationships with your counterparts in other countries and disciplines. They are designed to bring the scientific leaders of the future together not only to present or discuss your own work, but also to explore the big questions at the frontiers of other disciplines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Website for project ("(Ingasystems"), also covering related funded projects that have arisen from our work 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project website to disseminate background and results of this project and the related projects that have been funded as a result of it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://blogs.exeter.ac.uk/ingasystems/
 
Description Workshop: Science and Practice about fire in the Amazon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact It was an interesting round table on the alternatives for tropical agriculture without the use of fire. I specifically talked about the agroforestry systems implemented by Intituto Ouro Verde in southern Amazon, and also about our trial on the Inga systems for nitrogen fixation and agroforestry diversification. It generated interests on the audience about the strategies used and the barries the projects had to overcome to be succesful.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021