BlessT: Wheat lacking B-type starch granules for improved functionality.

Lead Research Organisation: National Inst of Agricultural Botany
Department Name: Genetics and Breeding

Abstract

Starch is a major component of cereal grains and the size and shape of starch granules have significant impact on grain use. In wheat, there are two types of granules (A and B). The smaller, B-granules have negative impacts on many end-uses of wheat.
To solve this problem, we have generated a new type of wheat, BlessT that lacks B-granules. This was achieved by identifying two regions of the genome harbouring genes required for B-granule initiation and then stacking deletions of these regions together in the same plant.
A Pathfinder Report assessed the market potential of BlessT and concluded that the technology targets a number of large and growing markets. It identified how the changed processing ability of BlessT could be developed commercially. In this project, these targets will be pursued by providing:
1) Further data on processing properties
2) Bulk volumes of grain for further testing by potential commercial partners
3) Field trials that measure the effects on yield
 
Description New lines of wheat, BlessT with altered starch granule size distribution in the grain were studied. Novel functional properties were discovered which have implications for the ways in which wheat flour and starch performs during processing to flour, alcohol, bakery products and non-food uses.
Exploitation Route The novel functional properties of BlessT wheat are being further examined by selected industrial collaborators for their potential benefits in several processes including alcohol production, baking, starch extrusion and wet and dry milling.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

 
Description The lines of wheat produced during this study and the results of functional tests carried out on them are been used by breeders and manufacturers to improve their products.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description ADM 
Organisation Archer Daniels Midland
Department ADM milling
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Wheat lines from our research project have been supplieid to the research groups of ADM Millers in UK and USA for in-house testing.
Collaborator Contribution ADM Millers will test the functional properties of our wheat lines and provide feedback.
Impact The results of testing are not yet available but will include baking trials and wet milling trials. Multidiciplinary: wheat genetics, biochemistry, grain quality, milling and baking.
Start Year 2019
 
Description FOF partner: KWS 
Organisation KWS UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We have provided research, new germplasm and biochemical and genetic analysis
Collaborator Contribution KWS have provided staff, equipment and field trials. They have also provided technical and business training to the Innovation Fellow.
Impact The project is on-going.
Start Year 2018
 
Description FOF partner: Limagrain 
Organisation Limagrain
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We have provided the research, new germplasm and the biochemical and genetic analysis
Collaborator Contribution Limagrain have provided staff, equipment and field trials. They have also provided technical and business training to the Innovation Fellow.
Impact The work is still on-going.
Start Year 2018
 
Description FOF partner: RAGT 
Organisation RAGT Seeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution we have provided research, new germplasm and biochemical and genetic analysis.
Collaborator Contribution RAGT have provided staff, equipment and field trials. They have also provided technical and business training to the Innovation Fellow.
Impact the project is still on-going
Start Year 2018
 
Description FOF partner: Scottish Whiskey Research organisation 
Organisation Scotch Whisky Research Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We have provided reserach, new germplasm and biochemical and genetic analysis.
Collaborator Contribution SWRI have provided staff and specialist equipment. They have also provided technical and business training to the Innovation Fellow.
Impact The project is on-going.
Start Year 2018
 
Description RRES 
Organisation Rothamsted Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Wheat lines were supplied to RRES bioimaging for germination and microscopy.
Collaborator Contribution RRES bioimaging of germinating grains for analysis of rates and nature of starch granule digestion.
Impact none to date
Start Year 2018
 
Title Plant gene for granule development, modified cereal plants and grain. 
Description A method was described for the modification of the size of starch granules in domesticated Triticeae and Avenae. Specifically, the method relates to the modification of the number of granule initiations per plastid in grain. 
IP Reference US20190233838A1 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2018
Licensed No
Impact The patent was useful in discussions about commercialization opportunities with various industrial groups involved in the growth, breeding and/or use of cereal grains.
 
Description BBSRC kickoff event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A meeting to introduce BBSRC Fellows to one another and to the support and training for future leaders available to them.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description FOF steering group meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Grant holders and researchers met with steering group members from industry to discuss the route to market for the new wheat lines being developed. Also present were researchers from NIAB engaged in the development of related wheat lines (funded by designing future wheat 2.1 ISP).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020
 
Description FoodFutures II 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A networking event with agri-tech and food industry representatives for University of Cambridge PhD students and Postdocs Was held at Clare College, Cambridge.
The day was an excellent opportunity for Cambridge's early-career researchers to interact with industry representatives from ADAS, Buhler, Corteva Agriscience, Koppert, PepsiCo and more, hear about what these companies do, and learn about funding Cambridge has available for industry placements and collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Scientific Writing workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This one-day course focused on the structure of good scientific writing. It including writing exercises as an integral part of the workshop. It looked at the practical process of writing, the nature of scientific publishing, and the importance of editing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://writeaboutscience.com