Brazil Partnering Award: Welfare and health assessment of managed neotropical mammals in Brazil: developing strategies for sustainable food production

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bristol
Department Name: Clinical Veterinary Science

Abstract

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Description Research by the partners is ongoing and, after an initial workshop in Bristol in May 2018, plus a visit from 3 Brazilian researchers to Bristol Vet School, studies are underway in Brazil to investigate the potential for using neotropical animals usually considered as pests in South America as sources of protein which do not require deforestation to clear grazing land as is the case for cattle. Two small grants, a research studentship, and a research fellowship have been funded to our partners at Universidade Estadual Santa Cruz (Ilheus, Bahia) to start collaborative work in this area. Studies aimed at decreasing road-traffic accidents with neotropical mammals are also underway at University of Sao Paulo. The Bristol team are in contact with Brazilian collaborators to discuss ongoing work, preparation of papers, and potential future areas of collaboration. A Bristol PhD student is now in Brazil at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, collecting data on a related project investigating training primates for successful reintroduction to the wild. The plan is that she will visit our collaborators at the end of her field season.
Update MAR 2020: University of Sao Paulo (USP) partners have received 3 undergraduate stipends (USP), funding to support a PhD student (Donkey Sanctuary, UK), and infrastructure funding (USP) to develop a multi-user core facility for computational mapping of animal movements, including around roads. Data collection is continuing on the range of different projects that are part of this collaboration, and papers and conference proceedings have appeared during the year. A workshop in Pirassununga, Brazil (University of Sao Paulo Vet School) is planned for all partners in September 2020, Covid-19 allowing.
Update MAR 2021: Much of the work has been delayed / halted due to Covid-19. In particular the Bristol PhD student has not been able to take her second field trip in Brazil and this has significantly decreased the amount of data that she has collected for her project. A switch to focus some of her work on ethical issues relating to wildlife rehabilitation has been made to ensure that she has enough data for her thesis. Moreover, we have been unable to hold the planned workshop for all partners in Brazil. A no-cost extension of the grant may allow that to take place during 2021, Covid-19 allowing.
Exploitation Route The Military Police of the State of São Paulo have already approved two Standard Operating Procedures to be used to address accidents involving animals developed by University of Sao Paulo reesearchers as part of this collaboration. The protocols are used to attend accidents and also to audit lorries transporting live animals to assess compliance with the existing legislation
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment,Other

 
Description The Military Police of the State of São Paulo approved two Standard Operating Procedures developed as part of this grant to be used to address accidents involving animals. The protocols are used to attend accidents and also to audit lorries transporting live animals to assess compliance with the existing legislation.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Other
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Development and uptake of Standard Operating Procedures for use by Sao Paulo Military Police to address accidents involving animals
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The Military Police of the State of São Paulo approved two Standard Operating Procedures developed under this grant to be used to address accidents involving animals. The protocols are used to attend accidents and also to audit lorries transporting live animals to assess compliance with the existing legislation.
 
Description Funding to support PhD student on Computational mapping of Capybaras and donkeys with the use of thermal cameras as a detection system on roads
Amount £26,800 (GBP)
Organisation The Donkey Sanctuary 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 01/2022
 
Description INCT Project Grant
Amount $4,000 (USD)
Organisation National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start  
 
Description Post-doctoral fellowship / grant
Amount $17,400 (USD)
Organisation National Post Doctoral Programme 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 06/2018 
End 06/2019
 
Description Research grant (USP): Road Concessionary Intervias, Group Arteris - Multi-user core facility to develop computational mapping of animals.
Amount R$ 1,000,000 (BRL)
Organisation Universidade de São Paulo 
Sector Academic/University
Country Brazil
Start 02/2019 
End 02/2023
 
Description Three Undergraduate stipends (USP) on 'Strategies to mitigate accidents involving animals': The University of São Paulo, Competitive Undergraduate Grants Programme
Amount R$ 14,400 (BRL)
Organisation Universidade de São Paulo 
Sector Academic/University
Country Brazil
Start 09/2018 
End 08/2019
 
Description Collaboration on welfare of capuchin monkeys to be reintroduced to the wild 
Organisation Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Norte
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have teamed up with Dr Renata Ferreira at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte to develop a collaboration involving PhD student secondment to study the welfare during rehabilitation of capcuchin monkeys in preparation for reintroduction to the wild. Our Bristol PhD student (GH) will make 2 (c. 6-month) field trips to collect data in Brazil. During this time, the plan is that she also visits our main partners on this grant at University fo Sao Paulo and Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz.
Collaborator Contribution The partner is allowing us access to their animals and field sites and will also be covering the costs of physiological data collection for the project.
Impact No outputs yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description Evaluation of inactivity in paca as welfare indicator 
Organisation State University of Santa Cruz
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborative work between Carole Fureiz (Plymouth) and Selene Nogueira (Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz) is commencing on a project to evaluate inactivity in paca as welfare indicator. A student will be provided by the Brazilian partner for fieldwork in Brazil. Dr Fureix will provide input to the theoretical background, experimental design and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution See above
Impact No outputs yet
Start Year 2019
 
Description Evaluation of inactivity in paca as welfare indicator 
Organisation University of Plymouth
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborative work between Carole Fureiz (Plymouth) and Selene Nogueira (Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz) is commencing on a project to evaluate inactivity in paca as welfare indicator. A student will be provided by the Brazilian partner for fieldwork in Brazil. Dr Fureix will provide input to the theoretical background, experimental design and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution See above
Impact No outputs yet
Start Year 2019
 
Description Protocols to decrease and respond to road traffic accidents involving wild animals 
Organisation Universidade de São Paulo
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborations were developed with Military Police of the State of Sao Paulo and the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Suppl with the aim of developing two standard operating procedures to be used in the context of road traffic accidents involving wild animals with a special focus on capybara. University of Sao Paulo researchers developed the protocols as part of this collaborative grant. The military police evaluated and implemented them.
Collaborator Contribution See above for description of collaboration
Impact The Military Police of the State of São Paulo approved the two Standard Operating Procedures to be used to address accidents involving animals.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Bem-estar animal:o caso das maritacas em Ilhéus-BA. [translation: Animal welfare: the case of parakeet in Ilhéus-BA] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A youtube video discussing the welfare of parakeets in Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qj7G2T4aKH0
 
Description Consequências de cortes de árvores sobre o comportamento do periquito estrela (Epsitula aurea)[translation: Consequences of deforestation on the behavior of the parakeet (Epsitula aurea)]. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A youtube broadcast including a focus on consequences of deforestation on the behaviour of parakeets
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Scd1f9HWCdo
 
Description Organisation of an international workshop 'what do specific forms of inactivity tell us about non-human animals affective (welfare) states? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop unites international experts in depression-like states and inactivity displays in laboratory or farm animals; of whom Brazilian (Nogueira-Filho, Nogueira, Ferreira) and UK-based (Fureix, Trevarthen, Mendl, Paul) partners. The workshop aims to discuss further the potential for waking inactivity to be used in several species to measure affective states, to detect impaired welfare, and to assess the effectiveness of refinement procedures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Workshop (USP): Unified Platform to Respond to Accidents Involving Animals 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A workshop was held at the University of Sao Paulo to introduce a platform being developed as part of this research collaboration and which is designed for organising / coordinating responses to road accidents involving wild animals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019