CARBON RECYCLING: CONVERTING WASTE DERIVED GHG INTO CHEMICALS, FUELS AND ANIMAL FEED (CCnet).

Lead Research Organisation: University of Nottingham
Department Name: School of Life Sciences

Abstract

CONTEXT

The continued use of fossil fuels is no longer tenable. A finite resource, their extraction, processing and exploitation results in environmental pollution and increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). Worldwide, net emissions have increased about 40 percent since the Industrial Revolution began in 1750, the majority of which has taken place in recent times, ie., 35 percent between 1990 and 2010. GHG emissions are the drivers of climate change. Thus, over the last 50 years average air and sea temperatures have risen dramatically, concomitant with melting of the polar ice caps and a general reduction in snow. These changes are resulting in increased frequencies of droughts and heat waves, flooding, tropical cyclones and hurricanes, more extreme precipitation events and rising sea levels. The latter threaten the continued existence of coastal communities (8 of the 10 largest cities in the world are near a coast) and even entire low-lying island nations such as the Maldives, while the former are causing destructive wildfires, failed crops, and low water supplies. The extreme effects on agricultural activity exacerbate one of the major challenges facing humankind - increases in population size. Thus, the global human population has grown from 1 billion in 1800 to 7.616 billion in 2018 and is predicted to 11.2 billion by 2100.
The world is at a crossroads. How can we feed the world's burgeoning population in the face of the destructive forces of climate change? Equally important, how can prevent further GHG emissions by finding new ways to make the chemicals and fuels society needs from a source other than fossil fuels.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES.

A unifying solution is to use the very single carbon (C1) GHGs that are causing the problem as the building block for chemical, fuel and food manufacture. This is made possible by the existence of 'gas-eating' bacteria that can use the carbon in CO2 and CH4, and convert it to the chemicals we need, and even to make single cell protein (SCP) that can be used to feed the dairy and meat livestock humankind rely on. Most microbes grow on sugar, such as the yeast used to make beer and wine. But the bacteria under investigation in this community of researchers consume single carbon gases, such as CO2 and CH4.
Funded by the BBSRC and EPSRC, it is the purpose of the Carbon reCycling Network (CCnet) to develop the biological processes required to recycle the carbon in GHG and convert it into the chemical and food resources we need. Success will require the participation of many different fields of science to design, test and build the biological processes needed. It will require the amalgamated efforts of biologists, chemists, engineers and mathematics if the breakthroughs are to be made. Crucially, the systems to be developed and their eventual operation will require the involvement of social scientists to ensure that the work undertaken is performed in a responsible way and there are no un-thought of consequences to humankind or the planet. Crucially it will need the involvement of industry who can take on the ideas and processes developed and turn them into real world solutions.

APPLICATIONS AND BENEFITS

CCnet will act as the focus for the academic and industrial researchers needed who together can change the world we live in for the better. It will train and inform young reseachers, hold the meetings, workshops and forums needed to discuss and formulate planned experiments. The best concepts will receive seed corn funding to test the assumptions made and to amass the data need to attract the larger sums of money needed to translate their ideas into the real world. Through this collegiate approach, and by working with industry, CCnet will make a difference. It will help reduce GHG emissions, helping the UK to meet its targets, and sustainably generate the chemicals and fuels our society and the world needs.

Technical Summary

Two of the greatest challenges facing society are the future sustainable production of chemicals, fuels and protein for animal feed, while at the same time reducing GHG emissions. One of the few, readily available UK feedstocks are single carbon gases, generated either as side products of existing industrial processes or through the deliberate processing of biomass wastes and residues. They are available in high volumes and at low cost UK-wide. Autotrophic or phototrophic microbial chassis able to utilise these resources can be engineered to synthesise a broad array of requisite molecules in scalable biological processes. The Network will focus on the development of the requisite engineered chassis and the required scalable processes. It will expand the scope of C1net, which focussed specifically on gas fermentation, to include closed, photosynthetic processes reliant on waste CO2. The Network will be underpinned by sustainable exploitation of AD-derived biogas (CO2 and CH4) as a feedstock for C1 chassis process development.

CCnet WILL PROMOTE:-

Systems & Synthetic Biology approaches to improved C1 chassis performance

Metabolic Engineering of chassis for manufacture of chemicals, fuels and single cell protein, inc. genome scale models

Fermentation and process development technologies to improve productivity and product recovery

Improved reactor design, of systems that both use C1 feedstocks and anaerobic digesters as a supplier of gaseous feedstocks

Optimisation of C1 and H2 inputs from biological and thermal sources, eg. by pre-processing (biomethanisation of CO2) or physico-chemical pre-treatment (syngas & flue gas upgrading etc).

Integration of anaerobic digestion into a C1-based gas fermentation

Research that underpins the use of biogas-derived CO2 (eg., improved photoreactors for phototrophs) and routes to H2 generation for autotrophic chassis, eg., photovoltaics and electrolysis.

Integration of RRI practices into CCnet goals.

Planned Impact

Two of the greatest challenges facing society are the future sustainable production of chemicals, fuels and protein for animal feed, while at the same time reducing GHG emissions. One solution is to us GHG as the feedstock for biological processes. Such single carbon gases are generated either as side products of existing industrial processes or through the deliberate processing of biomass wastes and residues. Recycling GHG can be undertaken in any industrialised geography without competing with food or feed supplies. GHG recycling technologies are feedstock flexible and provide products, from low carbon fuels to commodity and speciality chemicals, to single cell protein useful as animal feed. Current commercial processes focus on ethanol (LanzaTech) and animal feed (Calysta). Research is targeting higher alcohols, ketones, and diols, organic acids, alkenes, and amines as well as fatty acids, terpenoids, aromatic compounds, biodegradable plastics (PHAs), and medium to long chain alkanes. These have many uses, as fuels, solvents, and food additives. They may be further processed to drop-in fuels (jet fuel), biodegradable polymers for food packaging and biomedical and engineering applications, and high value chemicals.

ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL BENEFITS

Reduction of GHG emissions: The UK (2008 Climate Change Act) is committed to reducing GHG emissions by 80% by 2050. GHG recycling can play a key role. E4tech's LCA of LanzaTech ethanol from steel mill off gas shows up to 70% GHG emissions reduction compared to gasoline.

Promotion of Industrial Growth: GHG recycling will enable industries to add value to a waste stream while reducing their carbon footprint. This promotes regional industrial growth and employment in industrial zones.

Promotion of a Circular Economy: Recycling GHG enables industries to be resource efficient, creating new products by recycling waste. It also provides for deriving a wide range of products from biomass.

Aviation Fuel: Low carbon fuels have an important role in helping the UK aviation industry to achieve its goal of halving net GHG emissions by 2050.

Feeding the World: Carbon recycling of GHG represents a sustainable route to feed ingredients for fish, livestock and pets. Whilst the first plants (Calysta and Cargill) will use methane from natural gas, renewable methane from biogas can be used. Further opportunities exist for making single cell protein from CO2 using autotrophic chassis, eg., Avecom.

UK RESEARCHERS & INDUSTRY

There is great potential for the deployment of GHG recycling technologies in the UK and a large opportunity globally. These range from processes operating at commercial scale outside of the UK, to new routes to chemical products being developed in UK academia and research organisations. The UK has high quality research and innovation capabilities in biotechnology and specifically gas fermentation, and companies are attracted to the UK to leverage these skills, eg, Calysta and LanzaTech.

The UK has globally recognised strength in biotechnology; 8th in the world for biotechnology patents filed. CCnet will be underpinned by the BBSRC/EPSRC Synthetic Biology Research Centre-Nottingham, the Algal Innovation Centre in Cambridge, the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC) and the Centre for Process Innovation (CPI). The latter have invested £1.2M in gas fermentation facilities as part of industry collaborations, including INVISTA. US company Calysta located its market introduction facility at CPI, expanding CPI facilities and skills. UK chemical companies can benefit from the development of low carbon chemical intermediates or building blocks. INVISTA (Teesside) has a joint development agreement with LanzaTech to develop processes for nylon production. As other gas fermented products near commercialisation, collaborations with UK companies will be commonplace.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Article in New Scientist Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact We were invited by New Scientist magazine to write a one page article for publication in their prestigious magazine, which receives nearly 1 Million weekly readers.
SBRC and The Carbon Recycling network, put together a one page article for the July 2020 edition of New Scientist. The article focused on the gas fermentation research taking place at the SBRC, and the role of BBSRC NiBB The Carbon Recycling Network in promoting gas fermentation scale-up. The article also show cased our links with industry: LanzaTech and DeepBranch, and an illustration was used to demonstrate gas fermentation.
A PDF of the article can be found on our website (see link added below).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://carbonrecycling.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/New-Scientist-Article_Final_Dynes_Minton_26.0...
 
Description BSA Science in the Park 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact March 6th-15th 2020 was British Science Week - a celebration of science, technology, engineering and maths across the UK, organised by the National British Science Association. In long standing tradition, the local branch of the BSA welcomed visitors to "Science in the Park" at Wollaton Park, on Saturday 7th March. This annual event was free to enter and allowed the whole family to enjoy interactive activities and live demonstrations from all branches of Science. It is estimated that about 7000 attended the event, and at least 400 were engaged by the SBRC/CCnet stand manned by SBRC and CCnet members.
The younger children enjoyed making model bacteria from plasticine. A model Anaerobic cabinet was on display where children could wear a lab coat and goggles..
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.visit-nottinghamshire.co.uk/whats-on/science-in-the-park-p500331
 
Description Biochemistry Focus webinar series - Developments in industrial biotechnology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Webinar organised by The Biochemical Society featuring a SBRC Researcher and Network Member as a speaker. The talk was titled: Metabolic engineering of the chemolithoautotrophic bacteria Cupriavidus necator H16 for the sustainable production of monomers and biopolymers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://biochemistry.org/past-webinars/
 
Description Biochemistry Focus webinar series - Digital Biology: Advanced computational approaches to biological design and engineering 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Webinar organised by The Biochemical Society featuring a SBRC- Nottingham Post Doctoral Researcher and The Carbon Recycling Network Member as a speaker: The speaker gave a talk on developing genome scale metabolic models of industrial chassis engineered for the sustainable production of platform chemicals and biofuels. These models are
invaluable tools for simulating a bacterium's metabolic behaviour at the systems level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://biochemistry.org/past-webinars/
 
Description Bluecoat Academy STEM Festival 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The main activity we conducted were demonstrations of DNA extraction from strawberries, members of the audience were asked to participate, this experiment allowed them to learn about the location of DNA in cells and the steps required to extract the DNA from those cells. Another activity conducted included creating their own DNA bracelets, this activity involved converting their names to equivalent codons and added coloured beads that represent adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine. The last activity we carried out involved the children creating their own personalised bacteria using plasticine on petri dishes which they then could take home.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Brasil-UK Workshop Sustainable Chemicals and fuels through synthetic biology 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SBRC and CCnet had an information stand on the centre and the NIBB. We showcased the animation. We promoted the work of the centre and oining CCnet network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://ccnet-nibb.co.uk/
 
Description CCnet Conference 1 - 10-12 February 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact February 10th 2020 marked the start of a 2 day conference on "Carbon reCycling". Hosted by University of Nottingham's based BBSRC-NIBB "CCnet" and organised by network manager Louise Dynes Formally starting with a Welcome dinner at the Hotel, there followed 2 days packed with talks, pitches and posters. With the aim of bringing together academic and industrial scientists, the conference attracted over 110 attendees, 29 of whom came from industry.

Delegates were mainly from the UK, with 27 from Europe, 3 from the USA and one from South Korea. A total of 21 talks were presented, 4 of which were invited, the rest were selected from abstracts. CCnet director Prof Nigel Minton opened proceedings as chairman and there followed high calibre key note presentations from: Sean Simpson (LanzaTech, USA), Arren Bar-Even (Max Planck Institute, Germany), Irini Angelidaki (Technical University of Denmark) and Klaas Hellingwerf (Photanol, Netherlands).

Amid this star cast, 5 PhD students also gained valuable oral presenting experience. A total of 36 posters were presented with 17 from PhD students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://ccnet-nibb.co.uk/event/ccnet-conference-1/
 
Description CCnet Newsletter - September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Newsletter circulated to 400 members to highlight the Nibbs' recent events and activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description CCnet Responsible Research and Innovation Workshop - August 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Workshop organised by CCnet To explore the viewpoints of 16 non-scientists/members of the public on the use of genetic engineering (synthetic biology) to make chemicals or fuels, using waste gases as a feedstock for the bacteria.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://ccnet-nibb.co.uk/ccnet-responsible-research-and-innovation-workshop/
 
Description Carbon Recycling Animation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The animation has proved to be a big success, to date it has been used to acclaim at home and abroad. It premiered at the 2019 Brasil-UK workshop "Sustainable Chemicals and Fuels through Synthetic Biology" in CNPEM, Campinas, Brazil, 28-30 May 2019; featured at "Wonder" at University of Nottingham, 15 June 2019 and was aired at SynbioTech 2019, QEII Centre, London, 24-25 June 2019 https://www.synbitech.com/ . Future touring is planned e.g. it will take pride of place at New Scientist Live, Excel Centre London, https://live.newscientist.com 10-13 October 2019. Online views currently number 75, with viewings not only in the UK, but also in Europe (Denmark, Belgium and Slovenia) and the rest of the world (India, Brazil and Australia)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://ccnet-nibb.co.uk/
 
Description Carbon Recycling at The Synthetic Biology Research Centre Nottingham Video 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A YouTube video has been created highlighting the research being undertaken at The Synthetic Biology research Centre Nottingham and its associated NIBB - The Carbon Recycling Network. The video can be used a future virtual events and also as part of presentations. To date - FEB 2021, there have been over 218 views of the video.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E5HEbXWQczs
 
Description Case study on PHB BIOPLASTIC PRODUCTION FROM WASTE METHANE for Microbiology Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact An SBRC PhD Student and Carbon Recycling Network member wrote a 500 word account of making PHB plastics form waste methane as one of 20 case studies in a special feature on the circular economy. https://microbiologysociety.org/our-work/75th-anniversary-a-sustainable-future/circular-economy/circular-economy-case-studies/phb-bioplastic-production-from-waste-methane.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://microbiologysociety.org/our-work/75th-anniversary-a-sustainable-future/circular-economy/circ...
 
Description DNA Day - School visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Presentation and demonstration about DNA, the students also explained how and why they use DNA in their research.
30 pupils attended this event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Discovery Day - School visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The discovery day expecting families - both adults and children - from 10 primary schools from across Nottingham, Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. To demonstrate different activities taking place at the university.
We asked visitors if they knew that bacteria can also be very helpful and had a fermenter on display to demonstrate what helpful bacteria can do.
Feedback from the event: 97% of participants agreed or strongly agreed they enjoyed the event. 73% of visitors who responded to the question; 'did you learn something new', said yes. "[I learnt] that that there is some good bacteria and bad bacteria." (Pupil, Woodbridge Junior School).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description I'm a Scientist - get me out of here 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I'm a scientist - get me out of here is a monthly online event that brings together scientists based in the UK with students aged 10 - 16. In a competition-style format, students ask questions in live chat sessions and on-forum and get to vote who their favourite scientist is
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://imascientist.org.uk/
 
Description Interactive Lab session - School visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The session allowed the team to engage with 40 A level students, aged 17 and 18, who were attending a summer school. The students as they performed a gram stain test with several different samples of Clostridia. These stained samples were then viewed down microscopes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description New Scientist Live 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact For the third year in a row, the SBRC and its associated BBSRC NIBB - CCnet hosted an exhibition stand which highlighted the great research we do here at the centre. This year we collaborated with DeepBranch who demonstarted how C1 gasses can be turned into Animal Feed. Don Whitley also donated an anaerobic cabinet for people to use.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://live.newscientist.com/2019-show-highlights#/
 
Description Nottingham Festival of Science and Curiosity 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The Festival of Science and Curiosity, celebrates Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths and runs from 8 - 17 February 2021, The Carbon Recycling Network and SBRC-Nottingham regularly contributed to the festival. This year we have produced an article for their Magazine called: "The Good, the Bad and the Useful" which accompanies a week of Science activities, the magazine can be viewed here:https://carbonrecycling.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/festival-2021-magazine.pdf

We also created a YouTube video for school pupils to watch and try the experiment at home: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R9RaguGP1SA&t=2s
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://nottsfosac.co.uk/
 
Description Responsible innovation: industrial biotechnology and engineering biology Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact On 25 January the SBRC-Nottingham and Carbon Recycling Network (with the ENGICOIN project and the Institute for Science and Society) hosted an open, online event that brought together the BBSRC NIBBs, the wider synthetic biology, industrial biotechnology and responsible innovation communities, and 17 eminent speakers from across disciplines and sectors, to explore responsible innovation in industrial biotechnology and engineering biology. 315 people from 27 countries across six continents registered for the event (receiving the recording). On the day, 225 participants from 19 countries across five continents joined live. Sectors represented included research/higher education; business/industry; policy/government/regulation; research funding; RTOs; civil society. All (n=67) poll respondents reported that they found the whole event or part(s) of the event interesting and/or useful, and the Bassetti Foundation posted a very positive review: 'This was an extremely well run and interesting event with an ambitious agenda.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://carbonrecycling.net/event/responsible-innovation-industrial-biotechnology-and-engineering-bi...
 
Description SBRC at Net Zero Live 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact November 10-12, 2020 saw The SBRC-Nottingham and Carbon Recycling Network attend Net-Zero Live 2020" - "the biggest virtual event of its kind connecting thousands of energy, sustainability and resource efficiency professionals around a common purpose: to accelerate climate action and drive a green recovery." The centre hosted a virtual booth, visitors could watch a video we had produced about the gas fermentation as well as talk to our experts. Around 300-400 visitors attended the event each of the 3 days. We had 23 visitors to our booth.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://netzerolive.com/
 
Description Science at home - Yeast Sugar experiment - YouTube video 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact YouTube video with an experiment and demonstration on gas fermentation. We hope school pupils can do this experiment at home.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R9RaguGP1SA&t=2s
 
Description Science career day at Newark Academy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This was a science careers day aimed at an 11-18 audience. There was an assembly for year 11's (about 120 students) in which 5 different scientists including myself gave a short introduction to our academic backgrounds and what we do as a scientist, covering a range of disciplines. They were trying to dispel common misconceptions about science, for example that science is not for women. There was also a question and answer session from the students.
I took part in and had a stand at the careers fair which took place over two hours and was open to the whole school.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Stand at SynbiTECH2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The SBRC and NIBB CCnet - Carbon ReCycling, hosted an exhibition stand at the event to inform delegates about the new network and how to join. The exhibition stand also included a bubbling, colour changing bioreactor and our recently commissioned gas fermentation animation both were great conversation starters
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.synbicite.com/news-events/SynbiTECH-2019/
 
Description Stands at SynBio UK 2019 Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SBRC and CCnet had an information stand on the centre and the NIBB. We had the animation and fermenter on display. We promoted joining CCnet network and advertised the CCnet conference.
Students attending the event were interested in PhD & Post Doc opportunities at the SBRC Nottingham and around 20 people showed a positive interest in attemnding the CCnet conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description The Carbon Recycling Network Newsletter - December 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A newsletter was issued to Network members highlighting recent events and updates. A PDF of the newsletter can be viewed in the link provided below.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://carbonrecycling.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Network-Updates_December-2020.pdf
 
Description The Carbon Recycling Network Newsletter - June 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A newsletter was issued to Network members highlighting recent events and updates. A PDF of the newsletter can be viewed in the link provided below.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://carbonrecycling.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/JUNE-2020-CARBON-RECYCLING-NETWWORK-NEWSLETTE...
 
Description WONDER 2019 - University Open Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact SBRC/CCnet's contribution to day focused on "Carbon" with our own original board game "Game of Fuels". Thanks to the help of our lab coat-clad volunteers, approximately 224 toddlers, teens and townspeople enjoyed learning about fossil fuels, greenhouse gases, global warming and research into biofuels and low carbon fuels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Waste Gas Fermentation at The Synthetic Biology Research Centre-Nottingham - Animation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact We created an animation about Waste Gas Fermentation at The Synthetic Biology Research Centre-Nottingham and the facilities we have available, the animation also highlights The Carbon Recycling Network and examples 2 of the companies we work with.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UvFE5vZNWuY
 
Description Work Experience 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Between July 8-12 a Year 12 pupil shadowed the work of one of our research scientists to learn about synthetic biology and bacterial cell-cell communication.
"I was lucky enough to be able to shadow some research concerning my interest in quorum sensing in Dr Winzer's group at the Synthetic Biology Research Centre Nottingham. I feel that not only was this a greatly enjoyable experience but that it was also an equally helpful one. The student whom I shadowed was kind and patient enough to explain the details which I didn't understand. Through her explanations and demonstrations, I learnt of protocols and equipment which I had never even heard of before. I believe that having the opportunity to discuss questions with the people there, who have years more of experience and knowledge than me, has been incredibly helpful. Having observed some research, I realized that I had many misconceptions concerning this field. However, looking back on my week at Nottingham, this experience has helped me realize and reconfirm that science is the field for me."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019