DFW - Designing Future Wheat - Work package 4 (WP4) - Data access and analysis

Lead Research Organisation: Rothamsted Research
Department Name: Unlisted

Abstract

In WP4, the large-scale genomic, phenotypic and regulatory datasets emerging from the DFW WPs, will be annotated, integrated and disseminated to generate critical reference resources supporting interpretation and driving new avenues of investigation. These activities will comprise the UK contribution to the international Wheat Information System (WheatIS), a unified global infrastructure for wheat biology being developed under the auspices of the G20 International Wheat Initiative. Wheat resources and information generated within the DFW programme will be presented in an easily accessible form, allowing ready access for UK and international plant researchers not directly working on wheat.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Lightdrawings of networks by Hugo Dalton 
Description When science meets art, or new meets old. KnetMiner has inspired the artist Hugo Dalton. He has created lighdrawings of our networks and has projected them on old sculptures to bring them back to life. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Our work has been displayed for 3 months to visitors of the Fitzwilliam Musuem. 
URL https://www.instagram.com/p/BflFDaHlwdv/
 
Title Slideshare Presentation of Knetminer 
Description This is online presentation introducing the knetminer software application. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact It helps with presentation to potential collaborators. 
URL https://www.slideshare.net/KeywanHassaniPak/knetminer-overview-oct-2017
 
Title Video Introducing KnetMiner 
Description A short 90-sec clip introducing KnetMiner to the general public. What is it? Who developed it? Who uses it? 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Video inspires general public, students and scientists visiting the KnetMiner website. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4aOv5QXqvLI
 
Description We have analysed breakpoints across 13 RIL hexaploid bread wheat populations using existing genotyping data. We established a breakpoint frequency of 40.8-51.9 breakpoints per RIL across the 13 populations. Analysed genomic position, how different parental cross affected breakpoint sites and hotspot positions, identified potential recombination QTL.

We have developed a new DNA capture platform based on IWGSC RefSeq 1.0 for the re-sequencing of wheat. This includes the entire genic portion and 2KB of promoter sequence. We have tested this with Chinese spring. We have generated a data set combining capture with 10x genomics technology to assemble genic islands. We are now analysing this to evaluate whether this offers a method for investigating genome rearrangement.

We have shown that the diverse data types already existing within DFW require a wide range of platforms to maximise the utilisation of the data in the wider research and commercial community. The activities of the WP4 Data Coordination Task Force have been establishing linkages between these platforms and putting measures in place to bring datasets together. We plan to use COPO to broker data for entry into public data repositories. The objective will be to bring the user to germplasm of interest through the DFW landrace pillar website and SeedStor which is the way users can search the Germplasm Resource Unit.

We have developed ChIP-Seq laboratory protocols tailored to bread wheat enabling the investigation of chromatin states and gene expression regulation. We have developed a protocol to analyse DNA methylation for large scale analysis of DNA methylation data and are currently in the process of testing this on sample datasets.

We have improved the efficiency of bulk segregant analysis tools to bring gene identification time down to around 1 week after sequencing. The tools are now available via CYVERSE.

We have completed reanalysis of wheat TILLING data and integrated EMS / TILLING mutation data in Ensembl Plants release 35 (April 2017). We have also integrated l variant data (> 10 million polymorphisms), linking Ensembl Plants to CerealsDB. We have additionally been working on annotating the new IWGSC RefSeq 1.0 Chinese Spring assembly.

We have developed and deployed the prototype instance of the DFW project-specific data portal, and deposited initial DFW data within. We have added support for both ENA and MIAPPE v1 standards within COPO, and used the platform to deposit sequence data into suitable public repositories, as well as published open access publications on our scientific outputs based on these data.

New features and data are now available in KnetMiner for wheat. New features include improved search of gene lists, interactive filtering of search results and improved compatibility of KnetMiner with Cytoscape Desktop. New datasets include wheat gene expression studies from EBI and GWAS data from The Triticeae Toolbox. Wheat specific publications were added to the knowledge graph and abstracts were scanned for gene-phenotype information.
Exploitation Route The main outputs of this award are focused on providing software and data for the wheat community, comprising biologists, bioinformaticians, breeders, and external stakeholders. We have started to produce a project website, as well as an open data portal, for sharing DFW outputs with this community. We are actively interacting with the wheat community through the organisation of DFW stakeholder workshops to demonstrate and train users in our resources.

Clear and accessible representation of complex and extensive datasets from wheat can be used by wheat breeders and the research community. Examples include: Extracting gene content of key loci from the genome sequence of Chinese Spring in Ensembl Plants; downloading high density genotypic data on modern varieties compared to DFW germplasm in CerealsDB; Searching the genomes of modern UK varieties like Paragon, Robigus and Claire in Grassroots genomics; studying the pedigree and graphical genotype of the Breeders Toolkit on the DFW website; quickly and efficiently requesting seed from the Germplasm Resource Unit using Seedstor.

We host visitors to our sites to demonstrate the latest technology and software for crop phenotyping and for analysis and sharing of data. We run training courses on the data resources and software that we are developing for wheat scientists.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

 
Description The main outputs of this award to date are focused on providing software and data for the wheat community, comprising biologists, bioinformaticians, breeders, and external stakeholders. We have started to produce a project website, as well as an open data portal, for sharing DFW outputs with this community. We are actively interacting with the wheat community through the organisation of DFW stakeholder workshops to demonstrate and train users in our resources. Our new sequencing protocols have been used to efficiently carry out the work against our genomics landscape objectives within DFW, and we will be publishing these in an open access journal for others to reuse. The new DNA capture platform will be provide a tool for the UK and international wheat community via Nimblegen. The capture design will be made open access. We have received over 1200 unique users to the Grassroots infrastructure data portal since April 2017 (the new service went live in November 2017), with approximately 80 requests for data downloads since the first large Toronto-licensed datasets were released in January 2018. The Grassroots BLAST service, comprising analysis capability over TCAGv1 CS42, 5 other elite varieties assembled with the w2rap software, and a wide array of other wheat genome databases, has received over 2000 unique users since April 2017, with 20456 BLAST jobs being processed during this time. With our new infrastructure, we are hosting not only the raw read data for these 5 new EI wheat assemblies, but also data from the Gardiner et al wheat exome capture (1.4TB) and sequencing data from the Open Wild Wheat Consortium (OWWC, 6.2TB), all available openly under the Toronto agreement. Similarly, the TGACv1 data held at the Ensembl Plants resource at the EMBL-EBI has seen widespread use, with over 20000 unique users comprising 1.3m page views (1st Aug '16 - 12th Mar '18). The wheat BLAST service running at the EBI also saw a large user base engaging with the data, providing 83695 BLAST searches for over 5600 users (Jan '17 - Dec '17, inclusive). Clear and accessible representation of these complex datasets has been used by wheat breeders and the research community. Examples include: Extracting gene content of key loci from the genome sequence of Chinese Spring in Ensembl Plants; downloading high density genotypic data on modern varieties compared to DFW germplasm in CerealsDB; Searching the genomes of modern UK varieties like Paragon, Robigus and Claire in Grassroots genomics; studying the pedigree and graphical genotype of the Breeders Toolkit on the DFW website; quickly and efficiently requesting seed from the Germplasm Resource Unit using Seedstor. We have jointly published and submitted 5 articles on crop phenotyping, and hosted 14 industrial visits to set up industrial collaborations with Syngenta, Bayer Crop Sciences, Limagrain and ADAS. The engagement with Bayer Crop Science was awarded a Bayer G4T focused project in 2017. We filed and published an Agri-Tech patent for the CropQuant technology (CropQuant - data processing of crop images, UKIPO, GB1709756.9, 2018), and showcased these innovations in REAP 2017 and KTN/Newton national Agri-Tech innovation conferences. Finally, we were invited to present our crop phenotyping technology work in DFW in six international conferences in the UK, China, Netherlands, and Japan. KnetMiner had over 1500 unique users since April 2017 (+200% compared to previous year) with most coming from the UK (30%), followed by US (24%) and including users from developing countries such as Malaysia (4%), Philippines (2%) and India (2%). The average session duration lasted 5:22 minutes (-35% indication for users can get information faster). We have run a training course to wheat researchers and breeders at the Wheat Bioinformatics Workshop in Bologna and since have started a collaboration with the Tuberosa group to rank genes in wheat QTLs using KnetMiner and our new Neo4j graph database. We were invited to present KnetMiner at PAG2018 and had follow-up interactions with the Quesneville group at INRA to add KnetMiner to the federated WheatIS index.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Societal

 
Description Bioinformatics to advance wheat breeding
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Trained researchers to use evidence-based practices in biological decision making.
URL http://www.wheatinitiative.org/events/durum-ewg-workshop-bioinformatics-advance-wheat-breeding
 
Description 16ALERT
Amount £283,383 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R000662/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2017 
End 08/2018
 
Title Wheat Knowledge Network - Release Nov 2017 
Description Integrated database of wheat genome, genotype, phenotype and homology information (Hassani-Pak et al, 2016) 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This database powers the KnetMiner application 
URL http://knetminer.rothamsted.ac.uk/
 
Title Wheat genome database 
Description Data from the bread wheat Tritium aestivum and related species have been included in Ensembl Plants, an integrative resource offering access to genome scale data from a variety of plant species. Successive improvements to the genome sequence have been accommodated including polymorphism data important for breeding (increasingly, in collaboration with CerealsDB), and the incorporation of the new TGAC 1.0 genome assembly. The database was developed originally with funding from BB/J00328X/1 and development has continued with funding from BBS/E/J/000PR9782. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The data structure, analysis pipelines and visualisation interfaces have been developed to accommodate polyploid crops in general of which bread wheat is our first example. Ensembl Plants (as a whole) has had 156,037 unique visitors in 2017. 
URL http://plants.ensembl.org/Triticum_aestivum/Info/Index
 
Title Wheat pathogens knowledge network - Release Nov 2017 
Description Knowledge networks of wheat pathogens Fusarium and Zymospeptoria 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Will help to understand wheat diseases 
URL http://knetminer.rothamsted.ac.uk/
 
Description A meeting between CIMMYT and DFW funded by BMGF to discuss collaboration projects 
Organisation International Centre for Maize and Wheat Improvement (CIMMYT)
Country Mexico 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution I organised a meeting funded by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation brought together members of the BBSRC's coordinated wheat programme (Designing Future Wheat) with members of CIMMYT (who breed wheat for the resource poor in the developing world), discuss potential opportunities for interaction. These opportunities are taken forward by writing proposals for Newton , GCRF or IWYP funding calls
Collaborator Contribution See above
Impact This interaction is still ongoing between members of BBSRC's coordinated wheat programme (Designing Future Wheat) and researchers within CIMMYT with proposals being written for IWYP and Newton calls
Start Year 2018
 
Description GeneStack 
Organisation Genestack
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We are collaborating in an Innovate UK funded Feasibility Study to translate our bioinformatics software and methods to a commercial cloud based software platform and investigating future commercial licensing.
Collaborator Contribution They are providing the expertise to integrate our software into their platform
Impact Too soon to report outputs
Start Year 2016
 
Description GeneStack 
Organisation Genestack
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We are collaborating in an Innovate UK funded Feasibility Study to translate our bioinformatics software and methods to a commercial cloud based software platform and investigating future commercial licensing.
Collaborator Contribution They are providing the expertise to integrate our software into their platform
Impact Too soon to report outputs
Start Year 2016
 
Description University of Bologna - Tuberosa 
Organisation University of Bologna
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This collaboration with Roberto Tuberosa's group was to rank genes in 100s of QTL using a Neo4j wheat knowledge network. It was testing the gene ranking methods that we have developed and to demonstrate the potential of knetminer to this group.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators provided data and expertise of wheat genetics.
Impact Research is still ongoing and no impact yet evident
Start Year 2018
 
Description WheatIS Group interaction with INRA Versailles 
Organisation French National Institute of Agricultural Research
Department INRA Versailles
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution At INRA Versailles, URGI group is the technical hub of the WheatIS bioinformatics team. We are working with them to better integrate knetminer with the developing WheatIS infrastructure.
Collaborator Contribution The URGI group have been contributing expertise and access to software interfaces.
Impact To early in the collaboration for impact to be recognised
Start Year 2018
 
Title KnetMiner release 1.0 - March 2018 
Description Helps users to analyse biological experiments and put finding into the context of published knowledge. KnetMiner release 1.0 - March 2018 includes new pathogen species Fusarium graminearum and Zymoseptoria tritici 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Accelerates gene discovery and plant breeding. 
URL http://knetminer.rothamsted.ac.uk/
 
Title Knetminer Builder Update 
Description This is a software tool that is used to automatically construct knetminer instances and is being applied to all crop instances including wheat. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2017 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact This enables regular updates to the knetminer instances when new component datasets are released. 
URL https://github.com/Rothamsted/ondex-knet-builder/releases/tag/v1.2
 
Title OWL Ontology for Bioknowledge Networks 
Description This ontology is used as part of a suite of tools to represent knetminer knowledge networks using RDF 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Making knetminer systems shared through semantic web technology will facilitate sharing and access to the data from other tools. 
URL https://github.com/Rothamsted/bioknet-onto
 
Title Ondex to RDF Exporter 
Description Ondex components and applications that are necessary for building genome-scale knowledge networks used in projects like KnetMiner. It includes the Ondex base, CLI, workflow engine and a set of plugins (parsers, mappers, transformers, filters and exporters) that are relevant for building genome-scale knowledge networks 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact It is part of a suite of tools that help knetminer networks, including those developed for wheat, be shared through linked open data methods. 
URL https://github.com/Rothamsted/ondex-knet-builder/tree/master/modules/rdf-export-2
 
Title RDF to Neo4j converter 
Description RDF-Neo4 Converter and config to load KnetMiner data 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Exports our biological knowledge networks into formats that can be more easily re-used. 
 
Title Wheat KnetMiner - Release Nov 2017 
Description Wheat KnetMiner - Release Nov 2017. Added disease related RNA-seq studies and wheat GWAS data. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2017 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Helps wheat researchers in gene discovery and knowledge visualization. 
URL http://knetminer.rothamsted.ac.uk/Triticum_aestivum/
 
Description BMGF CIMMYT - UK Wheat Research Workshop - August 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop was organised by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation between key CIMMYT investigators and Designing Future Wheat Investigators to explore areas of common interest to help network links and to identify areas of common interest. Possibilities of future collaborative projects were explored.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Blog - The rise of the genomes 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Blog article about the highlights of the Plant and Animal Genomes Conference in San Diego
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.rothamsted.ac.uk/articles/rise-genomes
 
Description Conference organiser of PAG San Diego attracting 3800 plant and animal researchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I am on the organising committee of the largest plant and animal ag genomics conference attracting some 3800 researchers, policy makers, industry etc
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
 
Description Developing Software Licensing Guidance for BBSRC Scientists 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was workshop to develop guidelines on the most appropriate methods for making software as a research result available to other researchers. It was convened by the BBSRC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Durum EWG Workshop: Bioinformatics to advance wheat breeding 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A 2-day workshop organised by Roberto Tuberosa and Luigi Cattivelli and attended by 100 wheat breeders, geneticists and researchers to learn about cutting-edge bioinformatics tools and resources available for wheat. The KnetMiner training led to a collaboration with Roberto Tuberosa's lab to identify potential candidate genes in hundreds of wheat QTL using KnetMiner networks and APIs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.wheatinitiative.org/events/durum-ewg-workshop-bioinformatics-advance-wheat-breeding
 
Description EMPHASIS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact EMPHASIS is a project to develop a European Science Infrastructure (ESFRI) for plant phenotyping. A community workshop was held at Rothamsted in 2018. An important component of the activities of EMPHASIS is the management and sharing of data following agreed national/international standards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://emphasis.plant-phenotyping.eu/
 
Description GCC2017 (Galaxy conference) 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A talk was presented at the international Galaxy bioinformatics tools conference. KnetMiner: an application suite to integrate, search and interactively explore large knowledge networks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talk at the Plant and Animal Genomes Conference, San Diego 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited speaker at the largest agri-genomics conference in the world which attracts over 3,000 participants. Presentation sparked follow-up discussions with the International Rice Research Institute (Philippines) and INRA URGI (France).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description KnetMiner training as part of the Wheat Bioinformatics Workshop - Bologna 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was a training course and the KnetMiner system was presented to the wheat researchers at the meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Member of the board of the G20 wheat initative 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I am a board member of the G20 wheat initiative set up by the G20 agricultural ministers to facilitate coordination of wheat research in the G20 countries. We organise working group to facilitate such coordination, and to identify priorities for funding by funding agencies within the G20 countries
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014,2015
 
Description Member of the management board of CGIAR wheat programme (CIMMYT and ICARD) to breed wheat for the resource-poor in the developing World 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A management board member of CGIAR wheat programme (CIMMYT and ICARD) to breed wheat for the resource-poor in the developing World
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014,2015
 
Description Monogram 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Monogram is the UK national meeting on cereal genetics and genomics. It involves researchers and industry, including breeders. The presentation was on KnetMiner: Gene discovery through data mining and interactive visualization
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Phenotyping Data Standards Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This workshop was convened to discuss the use of an emerging international standard for describing phenotyping datasets - MIAPPE withing the Designing Future Wheat programme. Most of the participants were collaborators in the the project, but a major contributor came from INRA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at Monogram Network meeting 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact http://www.monogram.ac.uk/MgNW2017.php
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.monogram.ac.uk/MgNW2017.php
 
Description Press release on KnetMiner software and collaboration with Genestack 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release introducing the KnetMiner software developed in the Hassani-Pak lab at Rothamsted and a recent collaboration to make it available as an App in the Genestack bioinformatics platform. News covered by Rothamsted, Genestack, BBSRC, Aafarmer, Farmbusiness and other websites.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.rothamsted.ac.uk/news/visualising-data-connections-promises-faster-discoveries
 
Description Revival Exhibition by Hugo Dalton at Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hugo Dalton's lightdrawings were inspired by two major innovations, i.e. Omega3 plants and KnetMiner software, from Rothamsted Research. His light projections were on display at the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge from Nov 2017 - Feb 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/calendar/whatson/hugo-dalton-revival-lightdrawings
 
Description Software Evaluation and Licensing - 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentations to an international company, who can't be named for reasons of business confidentiality were made to introduce them to the potential of knetminer as a software platform in their crop science research division.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Software licensing and evaluation - 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a small webinar to a company who does not want to be named, but was interested in licensing our knetminer software. The webinar had several company scientists on the call. It led to a small commercial contract that enabled the company to undertake a more extensive in-house evaluation of the software.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Training for IRRI Collaborator 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a small scale training session over several days for IRRI research staff. The training covered the construction and use of the Bioinformatics software tool Knetminer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description WheatIS Expert Working Grop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The expert working group for the Wheat Information System is developing standards and tools to enable the global wheat science community to share data effectively.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016,2017,2018
URL http://wheatis.org/