S2N - Soil to Nutrition - Work package 1 (WP1) - Optimising nutrient flows and pools in the soil-plant-biota system

Lead Research Organisation: Rothamsted Research
Department Name: Unlisted

Abstract

'Soil health' is an as yet imprecise concept recently taken up by scientists and policy makers. It relates to a range of factors which influence the capacity of soil to support the productivity, efficiency and resilience of a given production system. This work package (WP) will develop the scientific basis for the concept of soil health by describing and modelling the biological, chemical and physical processes in soil and the dynamics between them that act singly or together to promote efficiency of nutrient utilization (ENU) and enhanced crop performance. This will provide fundamental empirical and mathematical evidence to determine the mechanisms which mediate the nutrient and energy (C flow) cascade from complex organic and simple inorganic inputs to plant-available nutrients in soils. The role of rhizosphere microbial community structure and function on nutrient transformations and supply to plant roots is a central theme of this WP, including the potential for self-organisation of soil structure at the aggregate scale that is mediated by root and microbial activity and the interaction with the mineral matrix. The trade-offs between the rate, efficiency and resilience of macro- and micronutrient flows to plants in contrasting arable and managed grassland systems will provide an operating envelope for a given soil and production system subject to external stressors, imposed by climatic variability and management. The cumulative knowledge will inform the development of the next generation of soil models (building on RothC) that link macronutrient (N, P, and C) dynamics to physical properties including water storage and availability using directly-measurable mechanistic parameters. Critically, this WP will deliver a set of sustainability indicators related to enhanced ENU from soil-to-plant that will provide mechanistic scale targets for the field, farm and landscape-scale interventions that are researched in this strategic programme (WP2 I0320 and WP3 I0330).

Publications

10 25 50

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Cooke AS (2017) Modelling the impact of targeted anthelmintic treatment of cattle on dung fauna. in Environmental toxicology and pharmacology

 
Description By combining X-ray Computed Tomography with metagenomics, we have adopted a state-space representation of the effects of soil physical structure upon microbiome behaviour and metabolism. We have shown a strong relationship between soil carbon input and pore topology (<40 µm), with reduced carbon input leading to a degradation of structure (reduced porosity, pore connectivity and permeability). In our experimental system, diffusion of nutrients and oxygen through the soil pore network is decreased by two-thirds in carbon-starved degraded soil compared to grassland soil, and an increased abundance of microbial genes associated with extracellular enzyme secretion, cell motility and anaerobic metabolic pathways. Using such an approach allows us to predict system efficiency (with respect to nutrient and energy use) to directly assess soil health. Genetic differences between microbiomes were driven by pH and nutrient gradients. Metagenomic datasets have been generated for contrasting soil types with a range of agronomic treatments. We have identified critical structural parameters relating to pore connectivity (at scales <15 µm) which exert a significant influence upon microbiome behaviour and metabolism in soils. These datasets will act as references for the follow-on studies on temporal legacy and meta-transcriptomic sequences.
A rhizosphere culture collection from a range of UK relevant crops is currently being tested for plant growth promoting properties. We have developed a compost-based system in which we can control the physical, biological and chemical status. This allows us to specifically test which of these factors are important for crop health. To validate indicators of nutrient composition of crops and grassland, and product quality, we are testing a high-throughput pot-based geophenomic screening system to link the crop 'phenotype' to soil physical and chemical properties, including texture, pH and organic carbon content. We established a dry spectral laboratory and begun the establishment of calibration functions for rapid multi-parameter assessment of soils from Africa and Europe, and also inorganic and organic fertilizers, and for plant materials. We are collaborating with University of Nottingham and ISIS Neutron & Muon Source to apply state-of-the-art X-ray and neutron tomography imaging techniques to study the effect of agricultural management on soil structure and nutrient distribution at the small scale. X-ray imaging is particularly good for mapping soil structure (the arrangement of soil particles into aggregates, and the surrounding pore network), whereas neutron tomography may be used to show the distribution of hydrogen - thus making it possible to map water and organic matter (both of which contain hydrogen). We have confirmed that long-term agricultural management affect stocks of carbon and nitrogen in the underlying soil - significantly so to at least 40 cm below the surface. This could have implications for soil fertility and carbon sequestration. We are conducting further experiments on samples to try and better-understand the mechanisms behind this finding. We have developed numerical models with 3D root morphology and rhizosphere of each root explicitly resolved to elucidate the role of 3D root architecture and the rhizosphere in acquisition of nutrients and water from soil.
Exploitation Route These findings will be taken forward by S2N WP1, but also by companies seeking to reduce nitrous oxide emissions and improve nitrogen use efficiency, by use of digital agriculture techniques and software to control inputs and losses to the environment. We have interacted with farmers, our Science Advisory Group and organisations such as AHDB and DEFRA to take our emerging messages about sustainable agriculture systems to produce science-based advice (the Nutrient Management Guide) and policy (DEFRA's 25-year Environment Plan and the Indicator Framework). Internationally, our dry spectral laboratory is integrated into new projects funded by BBSRC and the BMGF like GeoNutrition, Innovative Solutions for Decision Agriculture and Agronomy to Scale, which are integrated into a global lab network to develop crop and site specific agronomic advice systems for small scale farmers in the global south. The 3D root model has been used to help understand the difference between water uptake of 100 wheat lines in the "Designing Future Wheat" ISP. We are working with the foundation Global System for Mobile Communications (GSMA) in the UK and Chinese Farmland Irrigation Research Institute to extend our models to 1) develop an irrigation forecasting system, ii) determine planting date under different soil moisture, 3) linking canopy nitrogen and soil nitrogen.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Environment

 
Description S2N outputs on the requirements for use of sulphur-containing fertilisers have been used in revisions of the national Nutrient Management Guide by AHDB and in the development of nutrient management decision-support tools in the mobile phone Crap App for farmers to use. Increase in crop yield and quality and decreased losses of nitrogen to the environment result from this. Engagement activities with Bayer, BASF and Syngenta, including those involved in cereal breeding, land management, soil health, precision nutrient management and agricultural service suppliers, ensure rapid uptake of science outputs and development for application within the industry. There has been interaction with SMEs, for example an AgRIA project RDF project with the company Sustainable Resource Management Solutions Ltd. A spin out company has been formed called Innovative Solutions for Decision Agriculture that will use dry spectral soil and crop analysis techniques and our agronomy expertise. We are testing a prototype hand-held infra-red sensor for soil and crop analysis with the Company Global Good. S2N impact with consumers and wider society has taken place through the many public talks, discussion events and interaction at the Festival of Ideas, the RRes annual report and interviews by the BBC and other press.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Environment
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Evidence given for the impact and benefit of international development research supported by UK agri-science. APPG on Science & Technology in Agriculture Annual Report 2017/18
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.appg-agscience.org.uk
 
Description Lecture to university of Exeter Masters students (Sustainable agriculture) entitled microbial populations in silage production.
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description BASF Studentship
Amount £80,000 (GBP)
Organisation BASF 
Sector Private
Country Germany
Start 01/2018 
 
Description Fifth Call for Seed-Funding Awards
Amount £18,000 (GBP)
Organisation Centre for Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture, Rothamsted 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Flexible Talent mobility award-Researcher Exchanges with Industry- Silage survey and test a new method of detecting fungal contamination in silage
Amount £7,000 (GBP)
Organisation Silage Soutions Ltd 
Sector Academic/University
Country Unknown
Start  
 
Description Fourth CSIA Call for Seed funding Awards
Amount £25,000 (GBP)
Organisation Centre for Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture, Rothamsted 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Funding to attend Workshop on Food Security for Vulnerable Populatons: the Fungal threat.
Amount R$ 1,000 (BRL)
Organisation University of Ribeirão Preto 
Start 09/2018 
End 09/2018
 
Description GCRF (Institute Award) - 'Tools and Resources for African Soils' led by Andy Neal
Amount £221,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description GCRF Data and Resources grant
Amount £848,911 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description GCRF Foundation award
Amount £625,800 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description GeoNutrition-reducing 'hidden hunger' in Ethiopia and Malawi
Amount £4,400,000 (GBP)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 01/2018 
End 07/2022
 
Description Growing Research Capacity project - Strengthening Capacity in Environmental Physics, Hydrology and Statistics for Conservation Agriculture Research
Amount £5,500,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
 
Description INIA scholarship
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Organisation INIA Uruguay 
Sector Academic/University
Country Uruguay
Start  
 
Description PhD AgRIA scholarships (x 5)
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Organisation Rothamsted Research 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
 
Description Support AgriTech sandpit and competition
Amount £13,153 (GBP)
Organisation Higher Education Innovation Funding (HEIF) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 08/2018
 
Title Dry spectral analysis laboratory . 
Description New dry spectral analysis laboratory set up for diagnostic assessment of soils, plants, fertilizers and manures in association with the African Soil Information Service and ICRAF 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The instrumentation is also bring used for outer purposes as part of students PhD work 
 
Title Open Soils Data Platform (oSDP) 
Description A decision support tool in the form of an intuitive, easy-to-use app for Android smartphones, widely used throughout Africa. The target end-users are farmers, extension workers and NGOs, providing them timely advice regarding soil and crop health. The App will be based on the Fertilizer Optimization Tools developed by OFRA, which help farmers calculate optimal fertiliser mixes to maximise profit and currently available as a series of MS-Excel workbooks. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None yet as still in progress 
 
Title Rothamsted soils metagenome repository 
Description Approximately 450 soil metagenomes from natural and managed soil systems from around the globe 
Type Of Material Cell line 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact To be determined 
 
Title Global Soils metgenomic library 
Description collection of over 450 shotgun metagenome data sets collected from various public repositories and generated from pristine and managed soils around the globe. These are being used to assess the diversity of micro-organisms and functions and study the effects of management upon soil communities.Partnerships with Bioplatforms Australia and the African Soils information service is contributing metagenomes from across Australia and sub-Saharan Africa to this database and extending the utility of the resource. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact none yet 
 
Title Open Data on AWS: Africa Soil Information Service (AfSIS) Soil Chemistry 
Description This dataset contains soil infrared spectral data and paired soil property reference measurements for georeferenced soil samples that were collected through the Africa Soil Information Service (AfSIS) project, which lasted from 2009 through 2018. Georeferenced samples were collected from 19 countries in Sub-Saharan African using a statistically sound sampling scheme, and their soil properties were analyzed using both conventional soil testing methods and spectral methods (infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The two types of data can be paired to form a training dataset for machine learning, such that certain soil properties can be well-predicted through less expensive spectral techniques. 
URL https://registry.opendata.aws/afsis/
 
Title Open Soils Data Platform 
Description Our aim has been to develop an open data platform for soil information, combining metadata from a broad range of sources and creating a searchable catalogue based upon a semantic data framework. This will enable linking of activities and outputs via common themes (within controlled vocabularies and semantic search) and links across constituent databases using mappings over standard web interfaces and through application programme interfaces (APIs) to the underlying data. This architecture will be readily extensible to other information resources and databases via continual development using common semantics standards such as PROV-O and SoilML. To make the Phase I subset of AfSIS's soil infrared spectral data and paired soil property reference measurements available for release on AWS's Registry of Open Data (RODA), QED (1) coordinated with multiple parties to gather and organize the necessary assets, and (2) built computational notebooks demonstrating how the data can be used. To carry out the first initiative, data from ICRAF and TanSIS, and Phase I wet chemistry data from CROPNUTS, have been uploaded using QED's AfSIS DB portal that has been online since 2014. Re-analyzed AfSIS Phase I wet chemistry data from Rothamsted was sent to QED by way of spreadsheets, which QED then wrote programs for to automatically parse and upload to AfSIS DB. The data in AfSIS DB (https://afsisdb.qed.ai/about/) was then post-processed by way of Python, merging field-acquired georeferences with lab-acquired measurements, and ensuring that only georeferenced samples with both wet and dry chemistry analyses were retained in the final dataset. To collect sufficient metadata, QED also corresponded with ICRAF, CROPNUTS, and Rothamsted to gather formal SOPs for all methods used in their analyses, and these SOPs are also presented on the RODA. In a related effort for propagating metadata, QED also created an endpoint on AfSIS DB that dynamically generates linked data describing the models stored within, to experiment with semantic web technology. The second initiative, of building computational tutorials, has been not only suggested by existing efforts in AfSIS and oSDP, but is also part of AWS's data quality standards for acceptance of a public dataset. Our tutorial first provides an exposition of the structure of the data, and then demonstrates how to read the data from the S3 bucket and build a simple machine learning model for spectral inference. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We have implemented a first version of the oSDP metadata integration framework based on CEH's Environmental Observatory Framework. This uses an agreed set of metadata and controlled vocabularies needed for integrating a range of data. These have been taken from the CAB Thesaurus and Global Agricultural Concept Scheme and FAO's AGROVOC systems. Prototype metadata integration for several data collections has been achieved enabling searching of the catalogue for datasets containing related information. Some issues have emerged with access to data from African sources (e.g. OFRA) but discussions are ongoing. Metadata descriptions for the chemical and biological datasets (Objective 3) have been developed. Impact is also derived from the importance of releasing data as an exemplar public dataset on the AWS portal. This puts the data in the hands of a major international community who are able to develop new computational methods to interrogate the data. Practical outcomes at end user level in the agriculture and farming community are not available yet, but the international reach of the AWS portal is a major outcome for the project 
URL https://afsisdb.qed.ai/about/
 
Title Open-access data on African soils available via Amazon DB 
Description iGCRF data relating to African soils were used in the first open-access Amazon DB related to soils information. This was announced in December 2018. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This data will help develop high resolution, ground-truthed maps covering various African regions related to soil chemistry and fertility 
 
Description Bayer-Rothamsted Alliance 
Organisation Bayer
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Prof John Crawford participated in the 1st Joint Steering Committee for the Bayer-Rothamsted Alliance on 13th July 2017
Collaborator Contribution SM to update.
Impact SM to update
Start Year 2017
 
Description China-UK-USA collaborative project on soil carbon sequestration under arable management, funded by NSFC (41620164006) 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Andy Gregory made a keynote presentation at the International Workshop on Long-Term Field Experiments and Soil Carbon Sequestration (Zhanjiang, PR China; 5-10/11/2018), and hosted two Master students (Keyu Ren, Wei Zhou) for 3 months at Rothamsted to conduct soil aggregate carbon fractionation analysis on soil samples collected from the Broadbalk long-term experiment
Collaborator Contribution Provision of two Masters students to conduct experimental work (see above).
Impact New data on soil C and N down the soil profile under different treatments at Broadbalk.
Start Year 2018
 
Description GCRF Growing Research Capacity Project 
Organisation University of Zimbabwe
Country Zimbabwe 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Richard Whalley and Andy Gregory visited University of Zimbabwe (12 February) to discuss the application of soil physical measurements on existing experiments on conservation agriculture, and to discuss equipment needs as part of their work on the Nottingham-led GCRF Growing Research Capacity project (NE/P02095X/1).
Collaborator Contribution unknown
Impact unknown
Start Year 2018
 
Description Global Good Fund 
Organisation Global Good Fund
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Working with GG to develop a spectral device for optimum scanning parameters
Collaborator Contribution working to develop a spectral device for optimum scanning parameters
Impact none as yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description High-resolution neutron tomography of soil and maize samples 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC)
Department ISIS Neutron and Muon Source
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have provided access to our unique resource of soils from our long term experiments.
Collaborator Contribution The ISIS Neutron and Muon Source (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, STFC) provided us with 4-days of beamtime award in which they conducted high-resolution neutron tomography of soil samples from the Broadbalk and Hoosfield LTEs with a view to imaging microstructures and organic matter.
Impact on going
Start Year 2018
 
Description Microbial diversity and microbial genes involved in N cycling 
Organisation Edinburgh Napier University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborating on a range of projects on microbial diversity and particularly microbial genes involved in N cycling including the newly discovered Comammox bacteria.
Collaborator Contribution Providing access and knowledge to the Long term experiments: Park Grass, Hoosfield Acid Strip, Long-Term Classicals at Rothamsted
Impact Several publications are in press
Start Year 2017
 
Description Nestle Visit 
Organisation Nestlé S.A
Country Switzerland 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Colleagues from Rothamsted Research attended a meeting with Nestle in Harpenden re. future collaboration.
Collaborator Contribution Colleagues from Nestle attended a meeting with Rothamsted Research in Harpenden re. future collaboration.
Impact Discussions still ongoing.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Phosphorus dynamics in arable soils of the Cerrado, Brazil 
Organisation Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Project Lead(s): Dr Andrew Neal (Rothamsted Research); Dr Sylvia Morais de Sousa (Embrapa Maize and Sorghum) Project Members: Dr Xiaoxian Zhang (Rothamsted Research); Project Start date: February 2018 Duration: (12 months Project Summary Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient which can limit plant productivity. Cereal production across a significant proportion of soils in developing countries is limited by P-deficiency: inorganic P is rapidly sorbed to clay surfaces, with the effect that as little as 5% of added P fertilizer is accessible to plants. This is particularly true for acid soils, estimated to cover half the world's potential arable land. Resource-poor farmers typically apply little fertilizer because of high costs. This, and the poor availability of P, compromises crop yield, severely limiting food security. In comparison, organic P forms are less susceptible to sorption. Organic P pools and decomposition of soil organic matter (SOM) are thus critical for plant sustainable productivity in highly-weathered tropical soils. Exploiting microbial turnover of SOM and release of associated P is a promising approach for improving agricultural efficiency, but there is limited knowledge of biological processes in tropical soils, particularly arable systems. Additionally, soil physical structure controls hydrodynamic processes including delivery of water and nutrients to plants. The effect of plant root exudates upon pore size distribution and pore connectivity in soils is another important, yet poorly-studied, biological process with potential to be managed to increase fertilizer use efficiency. This proposal addresses i) P chemistry in soils of a tropical P fertilizer field trial; ii) phosphatase activity under different crop and fertilizer regimes; iii) biodiversity of microbial processes involved in P cycling; iv) x-ray imaging of soil structure; and v) modelling of the delivery of nutrients to plant roots. * to date with have worked with our Brazilian partners to plan a sampling campaign to provide soil samples from a long-term maize and sorghum phosphorus fertilization experiment to generate chemical information on the fate of phosphate fertilizers in Cerrado soils and identify organic phosphorus compounds; to extract total DNA from the soils to generate metagenomic sequence datasets for each soil treatment; and use x-ray computed tomography to visualize and parameterize microporous structure in the experimental soils. We have also contributed to the preparation of a CAPES fellowship proposal which will support a Brazilian PDRA to work at Rothamsted on soil metagenomics for 6 months, starting later this year.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are currently harvesting plant material and sampling soils, some of which will be sent to ETH Zurich for 31-P NMR spectroscopic characterization. Soil samples have been stored at -80 C and are awaiting DNA extraction.
Impact This is a new partnership. details will be added as the joint research progresses, but currently a Fellowship proposal has been submitted to CAPES, part of which will be hosted at Rothamsted if the applications succeeds.
Start Year 2018
 
Description RRes-CEH-JHI Alliance 
Organisation James Hutton Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Prof John Crawford participated in the RRes-CEH-JHI strategy meeting on 9th Aug 2017 at Rothamsted Research, Harpenden. Prof Steve McGrath met with Colin Campbell (Director of JHI) on 9th Aug 2017 to plan strategic link between JHI and Rothamsted Research. Steve McGrath and Stephan Haefele also attended an Rothamsted/JHI collaboration workshop on 1st Dec in Aberdeen.
Collaborator Contribution Colin Campbell (Director of JHI) met with Prof Steve McGrath on 9th Aug 2017 to plan strategic link between JHI and Rothamsted Research.
Impact SM to update
Start Year 2017
 
Description RRes-CEH-JHI Alliance 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council
Department Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof John Crawford participated in the RRes-CEH-JHI strategy meeting on 9th Aug 2017 at Rothamsted Research, Harpenden. Prof Steve McGrath met with Colin Campbell (Director of JHI) on 9th Aug 2017 to plan strategic link between JHI and Rothamsted Research. Steve McGrath and Stephan Haefele also attended an Rothamsted/JHI collaboration workshop on 1st Dec in Aberdeen.
Collaborator Contribution Colin Campbell (Director of JHI) met with Prof Steve McGrath on 9th Aug 2017 to plan strategic link between JHI and Rothamsted Research.
Impact SM to update
Start Year 2017
 
Description Roots of Decline 
Organisation Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Department Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Continued collaboration and involvement in 'Roots of Decline' S5390
Collaborator Contribution Continued collaboration and involvement in 'Roots of Decline' S5390
Impact None yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description Rothamsted Embrapa Joint Initiative 
Organisation Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Andy Neal, Xiaoxian Zhang, Stephan Haefele and Martin Blackwell from Rothamsted Research visited EMBRAPA Instrumentation, Sao Jose in Brazil to attend Rothamsted Embrapa Joint Initiative - Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture sandpit in December 2017.
Collaborator Contribution Attendance at Rothamsted Embrapa Joint Initiative - Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture sandpit in December 2017.
Impact Discussions ongoing regarding future exchange visits between Rothamsted and Embrapa.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Rothamsted/Cranfield University Strategic Alliance 
Organisation Cranfield University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution First Joint Management Committee meeting held on 28th September 2017 (attended from Rothamsted Research by Steve McGrath, Tim Mauchline and Stephan Haefele). Second meeting held on 11th December at Rothamsted Research, Harpenden. Ian Clark from Rothamsted had meetings with Jonathan Adams (Cranfield University) to investigate new collaborative projects (4th Aug, 2nd Nov).
Collaborator Contribution Attendance at first Joint Management Committee meeting on 28th September 2017 and also the second meeting held on 11th December at Rothamsted Research, Harpenden. Ian Clark from Rothamsted had meetings with Jonathan Adams (Cranfield University) to investigate new collaborative projects (4th Aug, 2nd Nov).
Impact Bursaries for joint PhD studentships. Rothamsted-Cranfield Joint Workshop to be held on 23rd March 2018: Applications of Engineering Science in Agrifood R&D
Start Year 2017
 
Description Rothamsted/University of Bristol Strategic Alliance 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Attendance at two Rothamsted/University of Bristol workshops to date (Nov 2017 and Jan 2018) formulating ideas for the provision of 4 joint PhDs. Research collaborations on grants will also evolve as part of the alliance.
Collaborator Contribution Attendance at two Rothamsted/University of Bristol workshops to date (Nov 2017 and Jan 2018) formulating ideas for the provision of 4 joint PhDs. Research collaborations on grants will also evolve as part of the alliance.
Impact PhD project ideas are currently being developed. These will be shortlisted and advertised in the autumn of 2018.
Start Year 2017
 
Description phytase activiety in soil isolates 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Department School of Biological Sciences UEA
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have contributed expertise with respect to metagenome-guided isolation of soil bacteria with potential phytase activity, intellectual input into future collaborative experimental work and training of a PhD student with respect to the isolation and culture of soil microbes
Collaborator Contribution Partners have contributed expertise in phytate chemistry and enzymmatic assays as well as HPLC detection of enzyme mechanisms
Impact No outcomes to date. Collaboration is multi-disciplinary, including microbiology, chemistry and enzymology
Start Year 2017
 
Title Fertilizer Optimizer app 
Description The original conceptualization and development of the optimization tool was by the university of Nebraska-Lincoln. Jansen J, Wortmann CS, Stockton MC, Kaizzi CK (2013). Maximizing net returns to financially constrained fertilizer use. Agronomy Journal 105 (3) 573-578. The Fertilizer Optimizer tool was built as part of the Optimising Fertilizer Recommendations in Africa (OFRA) project, led by CABI. The project was a partnership between CABI, the University of Nebraska Lincoln, national governments and agricultural research and extension systems in 13 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. OFRA was supported by the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA). In this project this spreadsheet-based tool was converted to an Android app and validated against the original spreadsheet version. This included transferring the spreadsheet logic over to an Android app, and providing parameters for crop and the sixty agro-environmental zones. Translation of the interface was completed and as well as English, French and Portuguese are now supported. An upgrade to a mobile phone app now offers farmers across Africa even more benefits and cutting-edge fertilizer use technology. This will help farmers to grow healthier, more productive with increasingly profitable crops, as a result of more informed use of how small amounts of fertilizer impact the crops which they grow. Pilot work on the CABI Fertilizer Optimizer app in Uganda has shown that some farmers realised up to a seven-fold increase in yields. Using funding from the BBSRC Global Challenges Research Fund, the app has now been upgraded to make it easier to use. The new app includes the integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) practices feature, and a calibration tool which helps farmers to apply the right quantity of fertilizer to their crops. The Fertilizer Optimizer app is designed to help resource constrained farmers to maximise the return on investment on fertilizer, based on what the farmer can realistically afford. In the latest version of the Fertilizer Optimizer app it is possible to calibrate the fertilizer recommendation to the planting conditions of a user's field. Version 1 of the app provided users with an amount of fertilizer to use and an application rate (e.g. 5kg per hectare). Now it is possible to enter field measurements, container sizes and preferred application technique and the app will help to evenly distribute the recommended fertilizers across the crop providing actionable information tailored to a particular field. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The Fertilizer Optimizer has been produced for: Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia and is available to use in English, French and Portuguese. Impact stories are reported in blog posts attached to this report. The was launched in the Google play store in January and it is too soon to discuss impact. Outreach and marketing campaigns will be undertaken by CABI, the responsible partner for this part of the project. Open Soils Data Platform BBS/OS/GC/200014B We have developed and implemented an Open Soils data Platform that enables the storage and searching of multiple information sources on soils e.g. soil samples and support materials such as reports for sub-Saharan Africa. The platform uses an agreed set of metadata and controlled vocabularies needed for integrating a range of data. Prototype metadata integration for several data collections has been achieved enabling searching of the catalogue for datasets containing related-information on soils information. The architecture developed is easily extensible to other information resources and databases as soon as they become viable http://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/osdp/documents Issues emerged regarding access to data from African sources e.g OFRA but discussions with these and others are ongoing. The continuing objectives are to engage with stakeholders to populate the catalogue with additional datasets so it becomes a valued repository of data for soil health for Africa 
 
Company Name Innovative Solutions for Decision Agriculture (iSDA) 
Description Innovative Solutions for Decision Agriculture (iSDA) has been set up in the UK, and discussions are ongoing about its strategy. It is the successor to the AfSIS project, focussing on providing services and products developed in AfSIS and its own advances, including developments in BB/P023126/1 and BBS/E/C/000I0310. iSDA's founding partners are RRes, ICRAF and IITA. It is likely to be funded by BMGF for 5 years. Its main base will be in Nairobi. iSDA was established to build on the AfSIS work and to develop a sustainable, long term operating model that mixes open innovation with a variety of income sources. 
Year Established 2018 
Impact The project has combined historic data with remote sensing information and new field sampling techniques to create the first ever digital soil map of Africa. Built upon the principles of open innovation and co-development, the technologies and methodologies developed by AfSIS are freely available and remain highly relevant in other areas of the world.
Website https://www.isda-global.org/
 
Description International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in Kathmandu 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Gregory, Stephan Haefele, Richard Whalley, Xiaoxian Zhang, Malcolm Hawkesford and Simon Vaughan visited the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in Kathmandu, Nepal (8-9 February), to bring together scientists who had submitted an outline proposal to the recent GCRF Hubs call, and to explore more general synergies and opportunities between RRes and ICIMOD
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description "How can soil data help us tackle hidden hunger?". 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A video produced to explain how we can use soil data help us tackle hidden hunger and how soil management could reveal new ways to tackle it in sub-Saharan Africa
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.geonutrition.com/
 
Description "Soil properties which influence bioavailability". 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Steve McGrath was an invited introductory speaker at the DEFRA Minerals from Grassland Workshop on Friday 22 February 2019 at Rothamsted Conference Centre, Harpenden.
There were four other presentations and discussions, including research gaps, at the Workshop with 30 attendees
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description "Zero Budget Natural Farming" workshop, Vijayawada, India August 29 - September 12, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Penny Hirsch gave a presentation entitled " Soil and Plant Microbiology"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 17th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, 12-15 Aug Leipzig. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ian Clark gave a presentation entitled Soil pH as a driver of microbial functional gene abundance and crop yield
A.B. gave a presentation entlited Ecology of complete ammonia oxidizers "comammox" in soil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://isme17.isme-microbes.org/
 
Description 1st Technical Workshop AHDB-BBRO Soil Biology and Soil Health Partnership - October, NIAB, Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Jenni Dungait attended the 1st Technical Workshop AHDB-BBRO Soil Biology and Soil Health Partnership on 31st October at NIAB, Cambridge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description A Greener World, Sustainable Farming Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Jenni Dungait published 4 page magazine article for A Greener World, Sustainable Farming Magazine in the Fall of 2017. Distributed to 30,000 US farmers. Link: https://agreenerworld.org/solutions-and-certificates/sustainablefarmingmagazine/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description AAB Sustainable Intensification Conference, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden (28-30 Nov 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Papers on the Rothamsted Long Term Experiments & posters were submitted & presented.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ASA, CSSA and SSSA International Annual Meeting, Tampa, Florida (Oct 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Jenni Dungait gave an invited presentation entitled "The Journey Towards Global Soil Health Indicators" in the Innovative Soil Health Research Symposium.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ASA, CSSA and SSSA International Annual Meeting, Tampa, Florida (Oct 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Steve McGrath attended the Tri-Societies meeting on 22-25 October in Tampa and gave an invited presentation in a Special Symposium on Soil Chemistry, Food Security and Human Health and took part in a panel discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Adapt/Modify Symposium, Wellcome Collection, London - Sept 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Jenni Dungait was asked to give a public lecture 'Food for Thought' at the Adapt/Modify Symposium, Wellcome Collection in London on 30th Sept 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Agriculture Victoria visit (Bundoora, Victoria - July 1st - 15th 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Andrew Neal & Ian Clark visited Agriculture Victoria, Bundoora, Victoria July 1st - 15th, for meetings and workshop as part of BBSRC International Partnering Award (BB/P025986/1: Kenyak yeye: UK-Australia Global Soil Meta-omic Programme)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Australian Society for Microbiology meeting (Hobart, Tasmania July 5th 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andrew Neal made a presentation at Australian Society for Microbiology meeting, Hobart, Tasmania July 5th 2017 entitled 'Exoenzymes to the rescue: soil structure and phosphatase gene microdiversity'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Australian Society for Microbiology meeting, Hobart, Tasmania - July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Neal presented work on phosphatase diversity in soils from the Highfield experiment at the Australian Society for Microbiology meeting, Hobart, Tasmania July 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBC Countryfile Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Contributed to article by John Craven on selenium in soils, June 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BGI Genomics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Andy Neal and Steve McGrath hosted a collaborative visit of Matt Poulter, Michell Mao and Kaiyu Lei of BGI Genomics to talk about soil metagenomics sequencing projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Conference - Washington DC, October 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Steve McGrath was invited to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Conference in Washington DC, 2-5th October 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description British Guild of Agricultural Journalists Visit to Rothamsted Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The British Guild of Agricultural Journalists visited the AfSIS spectral lab at Rothamsted Research, Harpenden on 4th May 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CAU Visit - BBSRC International Partnering Award (China) grant 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Richard Whalley & Andy Gregory from Rothamsted Research (with JIC and Lancaster) visited CAU (Beijing) between 31st July - 4th August for a series of workshops and meetings for BBSRC International Partnering Award (China) grant (BB/P025595/1: A Virtual Centre for Monitoring the Rhizosphere).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CINAg Meeting (8th - 10th September, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ian Clark participated in a CINAg Meeting 8th - 10th September at Rothamsted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CINAg meeting, Beijing, CAU (April 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ian Clark made a presentation at the CINAg meeting in Beijing, CAU (27th-30th April 2017)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Cereals Show 2017 (June 14-15th, Boothby Graffoe) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Posters exhibited at the NIAB Soil Pit, presented by Penny Hirsch, Ian Clark, Susanne Schreiter, Aimeric Blaud, Vanessa Nessner-Kavamura-Noguchi & Maider Abadie. "The power of plants - Soil quality recovery at Rothamsted: increasing soil carbon" and "Roots of Decline - Function of the rhizosphere microbiome". Two further demonstrations at the Soil Pit, included live aggregate stability testing and earthworm demo.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference presentation at the 2nd Plant Microbiome Symposium. Presentation title, "Wheat breeding influences root traits and selection of bacterial communities in the rhizosphere".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at the International Phytobiomes Conference in Montpellier. December 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://phytobiomesconference.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Mauchline_abstract_Phytobiomes-Conferenc...
 
Description CropTech, East of England Showground, Peterborough, 28-29th November 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Stefan Haefele presented on soil health, and also demonstrated on a stand on pest management with contributions from G. Richter, J. Storkey and N. Vavlas .
The CropTec show is for all farmers and agronomists seeking the latest information on innovative methods to increase profits from crop production. As the UK's leading technical and knowledge exchange event for the arable farming industry, this two-day show provides the chance to explore ways to improve efficiency and reduce unit costs of production.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://10times.com/
 
Description Defra Soil Health Workshop - 20th December 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Steve McGrath, John Crawford, Jackie Stroud and Andy Whitmore attended the Defra Soil Health Workshop at Rothamsted Reseach on 20th December 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zürich, Soil Science Seminar series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Neal presented a talk entitled "Exoenzymes to the rescue: soil structure and phosphatase gene microdiversity" as part of the Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zürich, Soil Science Seminar series and had meetings with Emmanuel Frossard, Tim MacLaren and Ruben Kretzschmar in October 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Dry spectral analysis techniques in agronomy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 13th February in Harpenden we hosted representatives of CABI, GODAN and the Open Data Institute regarding the use of dry spectral analysis techniques in agronomy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Festival of Science held at Rothamsted Research- exhibit entitled "Hidden Hunger" and The Africa Soil Information Service (AfSIS) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact More than 8000 visitors attended the event over 3 days, including one day for schools and invited people of importance.
Our exhibit "Hidden hunger' discussed the deficiency of essential vitamins and minerals in the diet. Worldwide, more than 2 billion people lack vital micronutrients. Deficiencies of iron, zinc and iodine are recognized as having the largest negative impact on public health (WHO, 2006). In association with AfSIS (Africa Soil Information Service), our lab has recently is focused on developing the use of dry spectroscopy for the rapid and high-throughput analysis of the physical and chemical properties of soil and crop material. We showcased one of the instruments: pXRF (portable X-ray Fluorescence) which analyses the total elemental content of virtually any substance in an instant. We analysed the elemental content of a range of food stuffs from fizzy drinks to 'super-foods', to find out how nutritious (or not!) they are. Visitors were invited to have their own food items scanned. We encouraged visitors to think about how nutritious their food is or is not.
We showed our " nutrient maps" of Africa and discussed stable crop varieties grown in Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Final ComMet workshop, Warwick University (April 24 - 15th 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Penny Hirsch attended the final ComMet workshop (UK metagenomics network, funded by BBSRC) at Warwick University, April 24 - 15th 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Food Systems resilience call from the Global Food Security joint-council programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof John Crawford was a member of the panel for the Food Systems resilience call from the Global Food Security joint-council programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Global Long Term Experiments International Workshop (15th-17th May), Harpenden 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Rothamsted Research hosted the Global Long Term Experiments international workshop in Harpenden 15th-17th May 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description How can soil data help us tackle hidden hunger 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Facebook post showcasing the video discussing using soil data to tackle hidden hunger in Africa. 1.2K Views
34 Likes 2 Comments 23 Shares
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2FRothamsted%2Fvideos...
 
Description INIA's long-term experiments 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A. Neal attended a workshop at INIA Triente y Tres to discuss collaboration on INIA's long-term experiments and also gave a talk at Las Brujas. A proposal is currently being prepapred to go to INIA to support a study of the effects of no-till and crop rotation on the soil system. He has also been invited to be a key note speaker at the Congreso REDBIO 2019 to be held in Montevideo in December (http://www.redbio.com.uy/redbio2019/)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ian Clark Presentation in Australia July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ian Clark visited the Centre for AgriBioscience, Government Department of Environment and Primary Industries, and La Trobe University in Australia between 3rd- 11th July. He gave a presentation on 10th July entitled 'Rothamsted, The Long Game: classical and long-term experiments'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description International Fertilizer Association (IFA) Annual Conference, Marrakech, Morocco (21-24 May) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Colleagues from Rothamsted Research represented The Africa Soil Information Service (AfSIS) on a stand at the IFA world congress in Marrakech.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description International Symposium on Soil Organic Matter (Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, 3-8 September 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Prof. Jenni Dungait was chief organiser of the highly successful International Symposium on Soil Organic Matter, Harpenden, 3-8 September, 425 attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description International Zinc Symposium from 5-7th September 2018 in Leuven, Belgium 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tegan Darch presented a poster entitled 'Zn biofortification using abattoir and industrial waste derived fertilizer'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://10times.com/international-zinc-symposium
 
Description Interview by Louise Gray 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Prof John Crawford was interviewed by Louise Gray who is an award-winning author currently working on her second book, about growing fruit and vegetables
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interview for Chemistry World 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview for Chemistry World. Interview featured in the article 'plant's bacterial zoos'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.chemistryworld.com/features/the-plant-microbiome/3008377.article
 
Description Interview for The Vegetable Farmer magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Steve McGrath was interviewed by Richard Crowhurst for an article in the The Vegetable Farmer on Agricultural Lime Use for Vegetable Production, especially the use of Rothamsted's RothLime model.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interview for national news 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with BBC word service journalist. Article published in June 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-44357673
 
Description Kellogg's Collaboration Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Steve McGrath took part in a collaboration meeting with Steve Zimmerman, Research Fellow, and Alicia Perdon, Research Fellow, Global Innovation and Nutrition from Kellogg's at Harpenden on 20th October 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Lbl, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ian Clark (Rothamsted) Janet Jansson and Rick White III (lbl, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA) held video conferences discussions on 14th September 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture at the 2018 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Microbiome Course in Trieste (November 2018)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with Global Good April 17th 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussions on development of soil nutrient measurement technology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meganomic Analysis Course and Workshop, Frankfurt 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ian Clark attended the Meganomic Analysis Course and Workshop in Frankfurt between 17th- 20th Sept.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Member of expert panel in EU project 'MicrobiomeSupport' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting of expert panel to discuss microbiome research priorities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.microbiomesupport.eu/
 
Description NABIM R&D conference - London, 22 November 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Steve McGrath gave an invited presentation entitled "Mineral micronutrients" at the NABIM R&D conference in London on 22 November 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Novozymes visit - Sept 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentations made by Ian Clark (The Soil Microbiome) and Tim Mauchline (Exploiting the plant microbiome resource).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Opti-S (sulphur supply from manures to arable crops) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Steve McGrath attended a stakeholders meeting on 13th March with stakeholders ADAS, AHDB, United Utilities, Yorkshire Water, Severn Trent Water and CF Fertilisers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://cereals.ahdb.org.uk/publications/2018/july/19/optimising-sulphur-management-to-maximise-oils...
 
Description Pasture-Fed Livestock Association (PFLA) AGM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Jenni Dungait and Prof Achim Dobermann gave talks at the PLFA AGM on 11th Oct in Hitchin. They also met & had discussions with Paul Muto (Agronomist for Natural England and an expert in species-rich ley seed mixes).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Phosagro Meeting to discuss collaboration 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Steve McGrath met Juan von Gernet and Irina Evstigneeva from Phosagro at Rothamsted Research to discuss collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation at Soils Across Latitudes conferences 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andrew Neal was invited to present two talks at the Soils Across Latitudes meeting in San Diego, organized by the Soil Science Societies of America, Canada and Mexico: the first was part of the Soil Systems symposium and the second part of the Linking Soil Microbiology to Biogeochemical Cycles symposium. January 6 - 9, 2019. Both sessions were proceeded with debate regarding new challenges and approaches to incorporating microbial activity into current models of soil processes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Progress meeting/visit to farms in Kenya for partnering award 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Jenni Dungait and Laura Cardenas attended progress meeting/visit to farms in Kenya for partnering award plus completion of GCRF proposal (Nov 2017).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Rres-Bristol Farming Future Strategic Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Adrian Collins, Andy Neal, Andy Whitmore, John Crawford, Laura Cardenas, Michael Lee, Stephan Haefele, Steve McGrath, Tim Mauchline and Xiaoxian Zhang took part in the RRes-Bristol Farming Futures Strategic Workshop on 12 January in Harpenden.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SARISA Yields of Decline OSR meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Ian Clark made a presentation at the SARISA Yields of Decline OSR meeting with Velcourt on 9th May.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SARISA, Roots of Decline meeting (27th Sept NHM, London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ian Clark participated in the SARISA, Roots of Decline meeting on 27th Sept NHM, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SRUC Research Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give a key address to all staff at SRUC as part of their research day on the research we have undertaken at Rothamsted on Sustainable Livestock Systems and soil health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description STARS Cohort 3 Welcome meeting (Rothamsted Research, 16-18 October 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Rothamsted hosted the STARS Cohort 3 Welcome meeting on 16-18 October.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Soil Quality and Health Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 26-27 February we hosted a Soil Quality and Health Workshop in Harpenden to construct a Bayesian Belief Network in the NERC-funded project in the Soil Security Programme. This involved a number of stakeholders and scientists (e.g. GWCT, ADAS, AHDB, Elm Farm). It is hoped that the SQH-BBN constructed can be published as a multiauthor paper
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Soil Security Program Meeting (September 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ian Clark attended a Soil Security Program meeting on 6th-7th September at Reading University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Soil Security Programme Meeting, Reading University, 5th-6th September, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ian Clark presented work on Roots of Decline projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.soilsecurity.org/research-programmes/
 
Description Stapledon Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented an invited talk on sustainable livestock at the Stapledon Seminar Series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Strategic Alliance of Cranfield University/Rothamsted Research Collaboration Workshop: 'Engineering Science for Agritech and Agrifood' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Work shop discussing Engineering Science for Agritech and Agrifood
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Sub-Saharan Africa Soil Fertility Prioritization Survey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Steve McGrath took part in the Sub-Saharan Africa Soil Fertility Prioritization Survey to support USAID efforts to prioritize future soil fertility efforts in Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Organisation of the 2nd plant microbiome symposium in Amsterdam 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://nioo.knaw.nl/en/plantmicrobiome2
 
Description Systems Biology for Plant and Human Nutrition Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Neal invited to speak at Systems Biology for Plant and Human Nutrition workshop, hosted by ICRISAT's Center of Excellence in Genomics and Systems Biology, Patancheru, India (March 2018)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Systems Biology for Plant and Human Nutrition workshop, hosted by ICRISAT 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andrew Neal was invited to present at the Systems Biology for Plant and Human Nutrition workshop, hosted by ICRISAT's Center of Excellence in Genomics and Systems Biology, Patancheru, India (March 2018)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The London Interdisciplinary Biosciences Consortium at Kings College , London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited to present a talk on Soil Science entitled "Improving Soils for Crop Production and Human Nutrition". by The London Interdisciplinary Biosciences Consortium.
The London Interdisciplinary Biosciences Consortium is one of the largest BBSRC funded Doctoral Training Partnerships in the UK. Representing an exciting collaboration between six of London's world-class universities and specialist institutions, the consortium provides students with a unique opportunity to pursue innovative interdisciplinary research projects.The aim of the events was to provide a range of leading academic, industry and not for profit speakers and deliver a rounded and comprehensive subject view for each themed day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://lido-dtp.ac.uk/
 
Description The microbiome: human medicine and agriculture in a microbial world - One day conference at Royal Society, London, 5th October 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact P. Hirsch gave a presentation entitled "Microbiomes for improving crop production" .
This one-day conference held by the Royal Society brought together experts from both agricultural and human microbiome sectors to discuss the barriers to technology translation and common principles across both sectors. Speakers discussed the challenges in determining microbiota through to the dynamic forces determining colony structures. The meeting also explored intentional modulation of microbial populations to develop medical therapeutics and improvements in agricultural productivity, covering technical challenges in determining causation and methods to drive the technology forward
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://royalsociety.org/-/media/events/2018/10/tof-microbiome/Transforming-our-future---The-microbi...
 
Description UK-India partnership in Smart Agriculture Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof John Crawford was part of the UK conclave to meet with the Dept. Biotechnology, India to discuss UK-India partnership in Smart Agriculture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description University of Adelaide project meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stephan Haefele visited the University of Adelaide to work on the project "Industrial Transformation Research Hub for Wheat in a hot and dry climate" and participation in the annual project meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description University of Missouri soil health meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact • Andy Neal visited the University of Missouri for discussions on soil health with the policy coordinator, Department of Natural Resources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description University of Nottingham / Rothamsted Research Graduate Centre for International Agriculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A meeting was held on 19th September 2017 at Rothamsted Research in Harpenden regarding the proposed University of Nottingham / Rothamsted Research Graduate Centre for International Agriculture
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Visit to CAAS Farmland Irrigation Research Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact discussing work carried out at Rothamsted and potential collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit to CAAS Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussions on potential collaboration on crop-rotation changes in soil properties and microbial community and functions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit to IBERS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit to discuss soil and plant diagnostic research on sward species
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Working group - UK plant microbiome initiative 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The plant microbiome initiative aims to exploit the potential of the plant microbiome and place the UK at the forefront of global research, facilitation and policy. The initiative will facilitate new collaborative projects among the partners drawing on the leading scientific expertise and cutting edge facilities required to unlock the plant microbiome's potential.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019
URL https://twitter.com/pmicrobiome
 
Description Working with an Innovative Farmers group in the Evenlode catchment (Gloucestershire/Oxfordshire), 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact August 2018 and ongoing - Tegan Darch working with an Innovative Farmers group in the Evenlode catchment (Gloucestershire/Oxfordshire), to look at how no-till can reduce sediment loss and improve soil health compared to conventional farming.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The BBSRC microbiome workshop was hosted by Rothamsted Research in January 2019. The goal of this was to bring together BBSRC institute researchers working on the areas of microbiome research (plant/soil, animal, human)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop to shape BBSRC bid to Industry Strategy Challenge Fund, Birmingham (15th Aug 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof John Crawford was invited to BBSRC workshop to shape BBSRC bid to Industry Strategy Challenge Fund, Birmingham 15th Aug.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshops/Meetings for BBSRC International Partnering Award (China) grant (BB/P025595/1: A Virtual Centre for Monitoring the Rhizosphere). 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Richard Whalley & Andy Gregory (with JIC and Lancaster) visited CAU (Beijing) 31/07/2017 - 04/08/2017 for a series of workshops and meetings for BBSRC International Partnering Award (China) grant (BB/P025595/1: A Virtual Centre for Monitoring the Rhizosphere).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017