Control of plant growth and development by ambient temperature

Lead Research Organisation: John Innes Centre
Department Name: Contracts Office

Abstract

This project aims to elucidate the fundamental principles that underlie the modulation of plant growth and development by modest changes in temperature. Employing a combination of genetics, molecular biology and protein biochemistry, we will use Arabidopsis thaliana to dissect the molecular mechanism of temperature perception. Understanding temperature sensing and its integration with multitude of other environmental signals are key to define how the environment control plant growth. The knowledge generated could lead to strategies for developing climate resilient crops.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description We have unravelled the mechanisms by which pant growth is coordinated in response to seasonal cues such as temperature and day-length. We discovered that the very molecules that promote growth at modestly elevated temperature also lead to enhanced susceptibility of plants to pathogens, therefore acting as the molecular link between antagonistic processes such as growth and immunity. We have also found that multiple seasonal signals are integrated into growth and developmental decisions and disease resistance by a common signalling module. This provides a unified regulatory framework for environmental signal integration.
Exploitation Route The findings of the coordination of thermosensory growth and immunity by a common molecule has led to the development of a potential technology for crop improvement, leading to collaborative work with crop pathologists. It is important that the paradigms generated are further tested in crop systems before eventually used for crop improvement in the longer term.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment

 
Description Our findings of the molecular mechanisms underlying the response of plant growth ad development and defense responses have led to interactions with the stakeholders. The findings of the study that was performed in Arabidopsis have led to the development of a method for crop improvement, which has led to the filing of a patent application (GB). This has resulted in collaborations with crop scientists. With the help of funds generated from industrial partner Plant Biosciences Limited, the generated knowledge was tested in oil seed crop Brassica napus.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Economic

 
Description D Lucyshyn 
Organisation University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborative research on low temperature mediated regulation of plant growth and development. Genetics and molecular biology experiments.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborative research on low temperature mediated regulation of plant growth and development. Genetics and molecular biology experiments.
Impact New collaboration. No reportable outcomes yet
Start Year 2015
 
Description Ive De Smet 
Organisation Flanders Institute for Biotechnology
Country Belgium 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaborative research on understanding the role of protein phosphorylation in plant temperature responses. Genetics, molecular biology related to temperature responses.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborative research on understanding the role of protein phosphorylation in plant temperature responses. Molecular biology and phosphor proteomics.
Impact No reportable outcomes yet. Ongoing collaboration.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Conflict of interests: How do plants sense and integrate environmental signals. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited speaker at: Thermomorphogenesis 2016, (25 - 27 August 2016), Halle, Germany.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Conflict of interests: How do plants sense and integrate environmental signals? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk at BOKU, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
April 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description GARNet Youtube Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact GARNet youtube interview about two articles published in Current Biology and Cell reports
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_--vJal50A
 
Description Garnet Youtube Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Garnet Youtube Interview about a published paper in Molecular Plant
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w5gk21sIE9I
 
Description Interview with National Public Radio, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with journalist at National Public Radio in the US regarding publication of Molecular Plant paper on temperature-induced acceleration of pod shatter in oilseed rape.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview: With Angus Chen of National Public Radio (USA) on Warming scenario and early seed dispersal in Brassicas. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview: With Angus Chen of National Public Radio (USA) on Warming scenario and early seed dispersal in Brassicas. This was in relation to a recently published research article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/02/12/584936969/what-canola-can-tell-us-about-crops-and-cli...
 
Description Invited Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at VIB Ghent, Belgium. Talking about the research findings of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited talk at University of Potsdam: Perception and integration of environmental signals in plants. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited Talk at Institute for Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Germany.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Perception and integration of environmental signals in plants 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk at: Arabidopsis 2016: Emerging Challenges in Plant Biology, Mohali, India
March 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Putting it together: How do plants sense and integrate seasonal signals? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at: Institut de Biologie de l'École Normale Supérieure (IBENS), Paris, France. This has led to the establishment of a collaboration involving scientists from France and Spain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017