PLATFORM GRANT RENEWAL: Nanoscale Multifunctional Ferroic Materials and Devices

Lead Research Organisation: Cranfield University
Department Name: Sch of Applied Sciences

Abstract

This Platform Grant renewal is about conducting research into new nanostructured materials and devices in which multi-functionality, particularly coupled with ferroic behaviour, provide the key themes. Thin film ferroelectric materials, which have been an essential part of the research under this Platform Grant for the past 3 years, provide an important set of basic properties, including: a ferroelectric polarisation that can be switched, piezoelectricity (the generation of charge under stress), pyroelectricity (the generation of charge due to temperature change) and several others. These properties are now widely used in electronic devices and ferroelectric thin films are starting to be exploited commercially. An intriguing area for further study is the way in which these basic properties can be coupled to those of other materials, especially ferromagnets and semiconductors, to achieve entirely new sets of properties that can potentially be used in device applications. Some of the possibilities have been touched-on in the existing Grant (magnetoelectricity, for example) and it is clear that there is great potential for further work. It is hoped that the research will produce new materials and structures in which, for example, the optical emission from semiconductor nanoparticles can be controlled by switching the polarisation of a closely-coupled ferroelectric material or the way in which biological particles such as viruses deposit on a surface can be controlled by switching the polarisation in an underlying ferroelectric layer. It is the researchers intention to also explore how these new concepts in multifunctional ferroic materials can be potentially engineered into useful device structures.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description 1. The rheological properties of magnetic and electro-active nanoparticles.
2. An improved, more efficient, method for nanparticle size reduction using shock waves.
3. The establishment of enhanced DC coductivity, low volume fraction nanoparticle suspensions.
4. Accurate measurement of piezoelectric coefficients of thin films.
5. The identification of Giant Electrocaloric Effect in PbZr0.95Ti0.05O3 PZT thin films.
6. The impact of Zr/Ti ratio within PZT on the photo-reduction of silver nanoparticles.
7. The development of a the piezoelectric actuation of 'flapping wings' for micro-aeronautic applications.
Exploitation Route The improved methods for nanoparticlesize reduction and the control of fine particle movement by programmable shock waves could have application in the chemical, pharmaceutical and food processing industries.
The 'flapping wing' actuation would be of interest to the micro-aeronautical industrial sector.
Energy recovery, using thermo-electric thin film devices are of interest to the Aeronautical, Transport, Energy and Food sectors.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Electronics,Energy,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Transport

 
Description The research work this Platform Grant focuses on environmentally friendly materials and processing to provide personal energy solutions (energy harvesting) and environmental and structural health monitoring sensors; all of which were manufactured using nano- and micro-technology. Common to these themes is the study of the fabrication, manipulation and translocation of nanoscale materials (research of Professor Rob Dorey - now at Surrey University) permitting the design and application of smart technologies; allowing the design & production of prototype 2 & 3D functional micro-electromechanically systems (MEMS) incorporating functional materials. Examples of MEMS that have been developed include: high frequency (>30MHz) ultrasound transducers; piezoelectric energy harvesters and transformers; micro solid oxide fuel cells; gravimetric gas and chemical sensors; and acoustic emission sensors. Since Professor Dorey left Cranfield, Dr. Glenn Leighton has continued and expanded such industrial collaborations on micro-fabrication - Morpheus, aimed at delivering working prototype devices, is into its ninth year of device manufacture. Supported by Matthews International, this prototype nanoscale device manufacture is 'Internationally Leading' and surpasses that of highly rated US laboratories (including Penn State, Oregon State University and Berkley Labs).
First Year Of Impact 2009
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Commission of the European Communities
Amount £296,825 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start  
 
Description Commission of the European Communities
Amount £296,825 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start  
 
Description Department of Trade and Industry London
Amount £389,268 (GBP)
Funding ID TP/4/MHP/6/I/22229 
Organisation Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Department of Trade and Industry London
Amount £389,268 (GBP)
Funding ID TP/4/MHP/6/I/22229 
Organisation Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £58,009 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/F066015/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £186,069 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/E035043/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £116,167 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/F037724/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £5,120,419 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/I033246/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £78,915 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/G013934/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £58,009 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/F066015/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £186,069 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/E035043/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £496,797 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/G069913/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £170,372 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/H020764/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £424,342 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/D064783/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £116,167 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/F037724/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £78,915 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/G013934/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £170,372 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/H020764/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £424,342 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/D064783/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £496,797 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/G069913/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IMRC: Cranfield Innovative Manuf Res Cen
Amount £278,963 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Department Cranfield Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IMRC: Cranfield Innovative Manuf Res Cen
Amount £278,963 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Department Cranfield Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IMRC: Cranfield Innovative Manuf Res Cen
Amount £72,225 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Department Cranfield Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IMRC: Cranfield Innovative Manuf Res Cen
Amount £149,171 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Department Cranfield Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IMRC: Cranfield Innovative Manuf Res Cen
Amount £34,018 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Department Cranfield Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IMRC: Cranfield Innovative Manuf Res Cen
Amount £72,225 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Department Cranfield Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IMRC: Cranfield Innovative Manuf Res Cen
Amount £34,018 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Department Cranfield Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IMRC: Cranfield Innovative Manuf Res Cen
Amount £149,171 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Department Cranfield Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IVHM Centre
Amount £99,631 (GBP)
Organisation Cranfield University 
Department Integrated Vehicle Health Management Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description IVHM Centre
Amount £99,631 (GBP)
Organisation Cranfield University 
Department Integrated Vehicle Health Management Centre
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Matthews International
Amount £88,415 (GBP)
Organisation Matthews International 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start  
 
Description Matthews International
Amount £88,415 (GBP)
Organisation Matthews Resources 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start  
 
Description NERC Grouped
Amount £507,117 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description NERC Grouped
Amount £99,325 (GBP)
Funding ID CASE studentship 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description National Physical Laboratory
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Physical Laboratory 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Royal Society of London
Amount £23,462 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Royal Society of London
Amount £23,462 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Thailand Government
Amount £64,000 (GBP)
Organisation Government of Thailand 
Sector Public
Country Thailand
Start  
 
Description Thailand Government
Amount £64,000 (GBP)
Organisation Government of Thailand 
Sector Public
Country Thailand
Start