UK Fusion Programme

Lead Research Organisation: CCFE/UKAEA
Department Name: Culham Centre for Fusion Energy

Abstract

Fusion is the energy-releasing process that powers the sun and other stars. If it can be harnessed economically on earth it would be an essentially limitless source of safe, environmentally responsible energy. Fusion energy is therefore strongly mission-orientated. The most promising method uses strong magnetic fields in a tokamak configuration to allow a high temperature deuterium-tritium plasma to be generated while minimising contact with the surrounding material surfaces.The UK contributes to fusion research in two ways: (i) through the UK's own programme focused on the spherical tokamak experiment MAST, and (ii) by contributing to the Joint European Torus (JET) programme. The MAST and JET facilities are situated at Culham Science Centre. International co-operation is strong with the focus on the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor (ITER), which will be the first fusion device to achieve energy gain and sustained burn.Experimental programmes on the MAST and JET tokamaks are performed to help resolve and refine understanding of key physics issues for ITER. In addition, experimental programmes on MAST focus on testing the potential of the spherical tokamak as a more compact option for future fusion devices. A strong theory and modelling group supports the experimental programmes and contributes to the research and development of fusion materials and to studies of conceptual fusion power stations. Expansion of the research and development of ITER specialist (i.e. diagnostic and heating) systems, focuses on securing major roles for the UK in the provision of two or three of these large complex projects.The results of the research are presented in reports and publications, and at conferences, expert groups and specialist committees. Collaborations with researchers in other areas of science and technologies are pursued strongly, where the research overlaps with fusion R&D.

Publications

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Weisen H (2006) Scaling of density peaking in JET H-modes and implications for ITER in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Walsh M (2006) Design challenges and analysis of the ITER core LIDAR Thomson scattering system in Review of Scientific Instruments

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Von Hellermann M (2006) Status of the DNB based ITER CXRS and BES diagnostic in Review of Scientific Instruments

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Storrs J (2006) Real-time optical plasma edge detection and position control on MAST in Fusion Engineering and Design

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Stammers K (2006) The calibration of the MAST neutron yield monitors in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

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Sjöstrand H (2006) New MPRu instrument for neutron emission spectroscopy at JET in Review of Scientific Instruments

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Sircombe N (2006) Aspects of electron acoustic wave physics in laser backscatter from plasmas in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Sircombe N (2006) Kinetic effects in laser-plasma coupling: Vlasov theory and computations in Journal de Physique IV (Proceedings)

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Shibaev S (2006) MAST data acquisition system in Fusion Engineering and Design

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Sharapov S (2006) Alfvén cascades in JET discharges with NBI-heating in Nuclear Fusion

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Scannell R (2006) Enhanced edge Thomson scattering on MAST in Review of Scientific Instruments

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Santala M (2006) Proton-triton nuclear reaction in ICRF heated plasmas in JET in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Saarelma S (2007) MHD stability analysis of ELMs in MAST in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Rozhansky V (2006) Modelling of radial electric field profile for different divertor configurations in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Pitts R (2007) ELM transport in the JET scrape-off layer in Nuclear Fusion

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Nicholls RJ (2006) Simulated electron energy loss spectra from a C70 crystal. in Micron (Oxford, England : 1993)

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Nguyen-Manh D (2006) Multi-scale modelling of materials for fusion power plants in Computational Materials Science

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Murari A (2006) New diagnostic techniques and technologies at JET (invited) in Review of Scientific Instruments

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Murari A (2006) Fuzzy logic and support vector machine approaches to regime identification in JET in IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

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Mlynár J (2006) Progress in neutron diagnostics at JET in Czechoslovak Journal of Physics

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Meyer H (2008) Active control of the H-mode transition on MAST in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Meyer H (2009) Overview of physics results from MAST in Nuclear Fusion