UK Fusion Programme

Lead Research Organisation: CCFE/UKAEA
Department Name: Culham Centre for Fusion Energy

Abstract

Fusion is the energy-releasing process that powers the sun and other stars. If it can be harnessed economically on earth it would be an essentially limitless source of safe, environmentally responsible energy. Fusion energy is therefore strongly mission-orientated. The most promising method uses strong magnetic fields in a tokamak configuration to allow a high temperature deuterium-tritium plasma to be generated while minimising contact with the surrounding material surfaces.The UK contributes to fusion research in two ways: (i) through the UK's own programme focused on the spherical tokamak experiment MAST, and (ii) by contributing to the Joint European Torus (JET) programme. The MAST and JET facilities are situated at Culham Science Centre. International co-operation is strong with the focus on the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor (ITER), which will be the first fusion device to achieve energy gain and sustained burn.Experimental programmes on the MAST and JET tokamaks are performed to help resolve and refine understanding of key physics issues for ITER. In addition, experimental programmes on MAST focus on testing the potential of the spherical tokamak as a more compact option for future fusion devices. A strong theory and modelling group supports the experimental programmes and contributes to the research and development of fusion materials and to studies of conceptual fusion power stations. Expansion of the research and development of ITER specialist (i.e. diagnostic and heating) systems, focuses on securing major roles for the UK in the provision of two or three of these large complex projects.The results of the research are presented in reports and publications, and at conferences, expert groups and specialist committees. Collaborations with researchers in other areas of science and technologies are pursued strongly, where the research overlaps with fusion R&D.

Publications

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Murari A (2006) Fuzzy logic and support vector machine approaches to regime identification in JET in IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

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Cruz N (2006) JET real-time project test-bench software structure in Fusion Engineering and Design

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Von Hellermann M (2006) Status of the DNB based ITER CXRS and BES diagnostic in Review of Scientific Instruments

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Nicholls RJ (2006) Simulated electron energy loss spectra from a C70 crystal. in Micron (Oxford, England : 1993)

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Rozhansky V (2006) Modelling of radial electric field profile for different divertor configurations in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Bilyková O (2006) COMPASS-D magnetic equilibria with lh and NBI current drive in Czechoslovak Journal of Physics

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James M (2006) Tearing mode stability in a sheared slab model of the tokamak plasma in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Mahajan S (2006) Exact two-body bound states with Coulomb repulsion in a periodic potential in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General

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Weisen H (2006) Scaling of density peaking in JET H-modes and implications for ITER in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Borba D (2006) Confinement transitions (H-mode) in JET inner wall limiter plasmas in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Berk H (2006) Explanation of the JET n = 0 chirping mode in Nuclear Fusion

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Kirk A (2007) Evolution of the pedestal on MAST and the implications for ELM power loadings in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Matthews G (2007) Overview of the ITER-like wall project in Physica Scripta

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Saarelma S (2007) MHD stability analysis of ELMs in MAST in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Lönnroth J (2007) Effects of ripple-induced ion thermal transport on H-mode plasma performance in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Dnestrovskij Y (2007) Analysis of pressure profiles and transport simulations of MAST discharges in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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Dudarev S (2007) Driven mobility of self-interstitial defects under electron irradiation in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms

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DERLET P (2007) Million-atom molecular dynamics simulations of magnetic iron in Progress in Materials Science

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Pitts R (2007) ELM transport in the JET scrape-off layer in Nuclear Fusion

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Forrest R (2007) Statistical analysis of cross sections-A new tool for data validation in Fusion Engineering and Design

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Meyer H (2008) Active control of the H-mode transition on MAST in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

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De Vries P (2008) Effect of toroidal field ripple on plasma rotation in JET in Nuclear Fusion

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Meyer H (2009) Overview of physics results from MAST in Nuclear Fusion

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Llewellyn Smith C (2009) The path to fusion power in The European Physical Journal Special Topics

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Cottrell G (2013) A survey of plasma facing materials for fusion power plants in Materials Science and Technology