SUPERGEN BIOMASS BIOFUELS AND ENERGY CROPS II CORE

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: Energy Resources Research Unit

Abstract

Bioenergy is now becoming a commercial reality, ranging from cofiring in power stations, small units for power and/or heat, as well as transport fuels such as biodiesel. This SUPERGEN bioenergy project will continue to deliver the scientific background to the provision and utilisation of bioenergy, as well as innovative concepts for new applications. The research brings together growers, biologists, agronomists, economists, scientists and engineers in a unique multi-disciplinary team that will tackle the challenges associated with the further development of this renewable resource in a sustainable manner. The extended programme examines production and utilisation related factors that affect quality and suitability of a biomass fuel for different end uses, with a particular emphasis on the energy crops, willow and miscanthus, as well as more diverse fuel streams including residues and co-products. The work programme ranges from practical issues associated with fuel handling and preparation, to fundamental studies of genetics, agronomy and chemistry that affect both desirable and undesirable fuel characteristics. In addition, key engineering solutions for the successful development of biomass thermal conversion technologies are sought through (a) an understanding of the basic science in thermal conversion and (b) component and plant engineering issues. These topics are developed further in this renewal proposal through advanced engineering models complemented by experimental studies in a range of combustion, gasification and pyrolysis units.In addition, the scope of the project has been widened in this continuation to consider challenges in fuels and chemicals production from biomass, integrated with energy production in a bio-refinery approach.

Organisations

 
Description Crops and their thermal conversion:
The work involved farming trials of growing energy crops. These field trials provided high quality data which established yields, fuel composition, and carbon savings from the energy crops. It was found that harvest time of grasses was very important since it affects the behaviour of the biomass fuel during its utilisation and impacts on fuel performance in boilers, or in fast pyrolysis for bio-oil production.
•The work highlights the possibility to tailor energy crops for their end use - i.e. pyrolysis, combustion, chemicals etc. Results provided input into the DEFRA Fertiliser Recommendations (RB209, 2010). The Fertiliser Recommendations have been revised 8 times since inception but this was the first to include energy crops (willow and miscanthus). SUPERGEN Bio-energy generated data contributed heavily. The recommendations are designed to maximise grower return whilst protecting the environment. They were not without controversy as they were also designed to optimise fuel quality for thermochemical conversion technologies. This contradicted practice for some using energy crops to dispose of "dirty water" and as such was controversial.

Characterisation:
•Part of the work of the consortium was the development of rapid characterisation methods for biochemical analysis (i.e. the main polymers in the biomass), Fuel analysis, Combustion characteristics, Pyrolysis characteristics, Ash melting and slagging. Novel analytical methods have been developed and demonstrated and the Consortium now has world-leading facilities and expertise in the analytical characterisation and testing of biomass.
Deposition in biomass combustion and co-firing remains one of the most severe issues associated with the utilisation of biomass for electricity and heat generation. This research has validated laboratory-scale methods for understanding the thermal behaviour of ashes from agricultural residues and energy crops, as well as coal-biomass blends. The beneficiaries are utility companies, and additional project work for DRAX is continuing this activity in order to identify optimum blend combinations to minimise deposition problems.

Optimisation of bio-oil quality and stability is a key challenge in commercialisation of fast pyrolysis. This research has developed low-cost, rapid methods for assessing suitable fuels in fast pyrolysis and estimating bio-oil quality. Correlations between key components and bio-oil quality have been made and this has identified both lignin and ash (composition and components) as important considerations.


Thermal Conversion:
The ability to match feeds to conversion processes has been attained through the utilisation of the novel analytical and laboratory-scale methods developed within the Consortium. The influence of cell wall composition and ash composition on conversion efficiency for a range of thermal processes is now well-understood, for a range of fuel types. Linking this knowledge to other factors in the biomass growth, for example agronomy, has helped decision making in farming practices and end uses. For example, agronomic practises can help alleviate ash-related problems in combustion, although engineering solutions are still critical for utilising the very difficult feedstocks. In addition, as a second example, it has been established that low ash is more beneficial than low lignin in fast pyrolysis, although there is interplay between ash-lignin-oil quality. Lignin content was seen to decrease with increasing ash content for Lolium and Festuca grasses and so for these feedstocks it would be difficult to obtain a low lignin, low ash material without resorting to pre-treatment. Beneficiaries of this research are growers, and businesses involved in converting biomass to energy through thermochemical means, as well as the wider research community because much of this research is fundamental in nature

Bioenergy Systems:
A whole range of environmental, economic and social impacts of bioenergy systems have been developed, but the greatest achievement has been to communicate these to a variety of stakeholders via journal papers, personal communication with policy makers, media coverage on the radio in newspapers and professional magazines, invited presentations at conferences etc. This is significant to ensure that the UK adopts a well-informed and balanced bioenergy portfolio as part of its response to climate change. The beneficiaries are therefore initially the various policy and other groups, but ultimately wider society. For example our contribution to provision of training on bioenergy sustainability to the UK planning community should improve development control decisions in this area for many years in the future, with benefits for local communities all over the UK.

A highlight during the final year was having 2 cross-institution SUPERGEN publications cited in the IPCC special report on renewables. This demonstrates international recognition and respect for the outputs from the SUPERGEN Bioenergy consortium and reflects the fact that we have pioneered particular approaches and methodologies which are leading the way in terms of balancing the complex costs and benefits associated with bioenergy systems.

A highlight has been that two SUPERGEN institutes (Leeds and Manchester) have secured knowledge transfer awards with a major industrial player from outside the consortium. This demonstrates the relevance of the work being done in the consortium to the wider industry and also that excellence in this area is maintained across the entire interdisciplinary spectrum, since the awards focus on very different areas (engineering implementation and socio-economic aspects of feedstocks).

The Consortium organised a National Conference on Biomass and Bioenergy in 2010, BioTen. Bioten was the first national conference on biomass, bioenergy, biofuels and biorefineries. It attracted 150 delegates and resulted in a peer reviewed book of proceedings. A first event that attracted side events, and a good proportion of industrialists and decision makers. It was a landmark event that more firmly put the UK and SUPERGEN on the international stage.
Exploitation Route Input into the Defra Fertilizer Recommendations will enable the production of energy crops in the UK which maximise grower return whilst protecting the environment. They were also designed to optimise the fuel quality for use in bioenergy.

The novel analytical techniques can be applied to all types of biomass and waste and enable rapid screening of new fuels in order to make recommendations about how best to use them.

The work in fast-pyrolysis suggests that biomass pretreatment to reduce ash content is worthy of exploring at larger scale, since it will result in higher yields and better quality bio oil.

In terms of sustainability, the consortium has developed a range of evidence for environmental, economic and social impacts of bioenergy. Some of the work has improved the UK MARKEL: model, which is widely used to inform UK government politics.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

URL http://www.supergen-bioenergy.net/
 
Description Findings from this research funding impacted on farming (via guidelines on crop management) and on industry via fuel (and sometimes technology) selection, which have helped alleviate operational problems and down-time of industrial plant, saving millions of pounds in lost revenue. The Consortium has provided inputs into National Roadmaps and Strategies and European Roadmaps and strategies, and organised and hosted stakeholder workshops to disseminate work and feed into policy development. The research grant has enabled the development of a consortium of bioenergy skills and infrastructure, which has resulted in consultancy and further funding from various sources. The Consortium has enabled the training of more than 60 researchers which has helped build capacity and expertise in the UK. There are many beneficiaries of this multi-faceted project. It benefited the environment and UK government through input into how to achieve key climate change objectives, and the rural economy via new land uses and markets for crops. In addition it created new opportunities in the energy industry, and fed qualified graduates and post-graduates into the emerging bioenergy sector; ultimately it benefitted the UK economy as a greater proportion of the energy supply became sustainable and secure. Results benefitted industry in that it underpinned the manufacture of industrial plant and domestic equipment that utilises biomass for thermal energy production. This helped enable equipment design with a sound theoretical basis and ensure emissions satisfy current requirements. Also, the research helped industry to better understand the design and operation of biomass co-firing systems. In particular the requirements of associated equipment such as gas cleaning. The exploitation of biomass for CHP in the UK is expected to grow significantly, and biomass combustion expertise will help to ensure reliable plant operation. Finally, the work has academic beneficiaries through the fundamental science and engineering inherent in the work programme. The work programme helped to coordinate and inform the bioenergy community through the bioenergy research forum, and dissemination via the internet and a bi-annual newsletter. Many of these activities are continuing within the Supergen Bioenergy Hub, so further impact should be viewed there.
First Year Of Impact 2012
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description All party parliamentary renewable transport fuels group (Pourkashanian)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact The All Party Parliamentary Renewable Transport Fuels Group is comprised of 20 politicians from the major political parties - it's roll is to highlight the potential of renewable transport fuels in reducing carbon emissions from the transport sector and increase fuel security.
 
Description British Council Biomass Gasification Mission to France
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description CPD in Biomass Combustion, University of Leeds
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact There have been xx delegates from xx companies and stakeholders attending this Continuing Professional Development course. The course improves the educational and skill level of company's employees and this results in changes in practice/efficiency with economic and societal benefits that are difficult to quantify.
 
Description Continuing Professional Development Course in Biomass Combustion. This attracts delegates from all sectors including regulators and government departments, as well as industry. The 2017 course attracted over 40 delegates
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Biomass Combustion - an annual week long CPD course delivered by academics in Supergen Bioenergy, and by external industrial and government/NGO representatives. We have trained of the order of 250 delegates to date, from >70 different companies/NGO/Government departments.
 
Description DECC Workshop delivery (Thornley)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Thornley delivered the sustainability component of a series of DECC workshops on bioenergy for the UK planning community and so improved the educational and skill level of workforce and ultimately improved environmental sustainability.
 
Description Defra - Domestic Stoves and Eco design
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description DfT Knowledge exchange and public engagement (Upham)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description ERP mapping exercise - input into CCC
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact The Supergen Consortium provided detailed input into the Energy Research Partnership Low Carbon Technology Mapping Exercise and this was used as evidence in the Committee on Climate Change report - Building a Low Carbon Economy. This document helped to shape energy policy in the transition to low carbon energy.
URL https://www.theccc.org.uk/archive/aws2/Low%20carbon%20Innovation/Low_carbon_innovation_supporting-an...
 
Description ETI Bioenergy Strategy 2008
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The Consortium as a whole provided input into the development of this strategy, and its implementation has helped to deliver bioenergy research and installations in the UK.
 
Description EU GCC Clean Energy Network membership (Pourkashanian)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact the EU-GCC Clean Energy Network supports the long term strategic EU-GCC Energy relationship; Prof Pourkashaniana was an expert member of this network.
 
Description Evidence for the Royal Society Working Group on Biofuels (Williams, Jones)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact University of Leeds Supergen Bioenergy researchers (Jones and Williams) provided evidence into the Royal Society Working Group on Biofuels. The report provided education and training to researchers and policy makers.
URL https://royalsociety.org/~/media/Royal_Society_Content/policy/publications/2008/7980.pdf
 
Description Expert Review of IPCC report (Thornley)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Thornley provided expert review of bioenergy sections of the IPCC special report on renewables. This is a very influential report that has helped to shape future policies and practices.
 
Description Expert input into NFCC report (Jones)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Jones provided expert input into the NNFCC report on densification of biomass. The NNFCC is a leading international consultancy whose reports influence policy and practice.
URL http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/tools/techno-economic-assessment-of-biomass-densification-technologies-nnfcc-...
 
Description Fertilizer Recommendations
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Biomass is a major contributor to achieving the ambitious 2020 targets of the Renewable Energy Directive for electricity, heat and transport fuels. Indigenous biomass, including energy crops, are underutilised and have potential to make large contributions. Findings from this research were incorporated into DEFRA's fertilizer recommendations to growers on how best to grow and manage the promising energy crop, Miscanthus x Giganteus, and disseminated by DEFRA and Natural England. Miscanthus growing reached 8000 ha in 2012, with associated GHG savings (up to 118,000 tonne CO2 p.a ) and impacts in the rural economy (gross sales receipts of approximately £6.72M p.a.).
 
Description Influence on practitioners
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Follow on impact is being reported under the Supergen Bioenergy Hub led by Manchester. Briefly, Jones participated (presented) at a Defra/Innovate UK-organised Air Quality Workshop (21st Sept 2017) which included emissions from power, industry, heat, transport and will inform the UK air quality strategy. It was highlighted that emissions from wood burning can be tackled by four main approaches: technology (appliance) used; mode of operation of appliance; fuel used; control devices. Some of the work of from Leeds was summarised (Supergen Bioenergy, CDT Bionergy and CDT Low Carbon Technologies). Effect of appliance type was illustrated by emissions of PM10 from multifuel (uncontrolled) stoves compared with other technologies relative to this. The message was that emissions dropped when there was improved appliance design (air control, secondary combustion chamber etc), and that pellet boilers + control device were the cleanest option. The effect of operation (e.g. cold start vs full load) and implications for this in terms of heat storage options, correct sizing etc was presented. Work showing that fuel type impacts on particulate was also presented, and the advantages of smokeless and torrefied fuel for PM emissions demonstrated (the latter highlighted as an area of future research), together with the relationship between fuel-N and NOx. Finally some options for mitigation devices were presented, including novel work in the Supergen Bioenergy Hub (and highlighted as an area for future research and innovation). The presentation concluded with examples of interventions taken elsewhere in the World. Following on from this Jones has also been invited to a second workshop (Defra) in Jan 2018 concerning the measurement of particulate matter from domestic stoves and a hosted a workshop in Leeds in February 2018 - the outcome of these activities is informing the industry standard in the UK, and includes representatives from HETAS, Stove Industry Aliance, and some key consultants, as well as Defra.
 
Description Input into National and EU roadmaps/strategies
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact All Party Parliamentary Renewable Transport Fuels Group 2010; Expert-Member in EU-GCC Clean Energy Network to support the long term strategic EU-GCC energy relationship; Expert review of bioenergy sections of IPCC special report on renewables 2010; House of Lords Select Committee on Renewable Energy, May 2008; Climate Change Mitigation: The potential of Waste & Biomass, House of Commons, The Associate Parliamentary Sustainable Resource Group (APSRG), CIWM & WRAP, December 2008;Royal Society Biofuel evaluation; Low carbon technology mapping exercise from the Energy Research Partnership, 2007; ETI's bioenergy strategy, 2008; Member of Strategic Advisory Board and formal evaluator of Energy from Waste Programme of ETI; UKERC UK bioenergy roadmap 2009, Royal Society of Chemistry's Energy Roadmap online consultation; Biomass Gasification Mission to France", Sept. 2009; Liaison with Environment Agency in respect of their report on greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems, and on-going support via data provision on LCA of energy crops relevant to evolving European legislation; IBERS formally meets with Welsh Assembly policymakers on an approximately six monthly basis
 
Description Integrated Assessment of UK Bioenergy Options
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
 
Description Model development and research building capacity
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact Work under the Supergen Bioenergy consortium at University College London has improved the representation of bioenergy within the UK MARKAL model, which was widely used to inform UK government policy during this period. The improvements will thus underpin a wide range of policy-relevant work over the coming years. The improvements have already been reflected in a range of other academic projects, including the UKSHEC Plus project, the results of which were presented to Scottish policy makers at a high level policy event in April 2012.
 
Description NNFCC Report (Bridgwater)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Bridgwater produced a report to the National Non-Food Crop Centre concerning the Technical And Economic Assessment of Thermal Processes for Biofuels. NNFCC is a leading international consultancy and it's reports are used to influence policy and practice.
URL http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/tools/life-cycle-and-techno-economic-assessment-of-the-north-east-biomass-to-...
 
Description Parliamentary Sustainable Resource Group and WRAP, Potential of Waste and biomass (Swithenbank)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Swithenbank participated in the one-day symposium organised jointly by The Associate Parliamentary Sustainable Resource Group (APSRG), CIWM and WRAP, concerning The potential of waste and biomass. The workshop educated the workforce in current and future prospects and in the current and future legislation.
 
Description Peer review panel for US Department of Defence Research (Pourkashanian)
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Policy outreach (Manchest, UCL, Imperial College)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Organized and hosted a stakeholder workshop (February 2010) dealing with sustainability issues arising from biofuel production related to Argentine Soy and UK wheat. The workshops included participants from other academic institutions, industry and government bodies. Provided advice and findings directly to the Bioenergy Strategy Team, within the Strategy Directorate of the Department of Energy and Climate Change (November and December 2011); and into the development of the 2050 Pathways Calculator developed by DECC. Advice and copies of publications to the Climate Change Committee during their biomass review.
 
Description Select Committee on Renewable Energy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact The Supergen Bioenergy Consortium (Prof Paul Eakins) contributed to the House of Lords Select Committee on Renewable Energy. This committee provides briefing papers on current legislation and impacts.
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200708/ldselect/ldeconaf/195/195i.pdf
 
Description Supergen Bioenergy Hub
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Please note that impacts from the Supergen Biomass and Bioenergy Consortium are now covered in the SUPERGEN BIOENERGY HUB - led by University of Manchester
 
Description UK Air Quality Workshop
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Welsh Assembly
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact IBERS has influenced the Welsh Assembly in terms of utilisation of biomass in Wales.
 
Description ATC Biomass Strategy
Amount £17,400 (GBP)
Organisation Yorkshire Water 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 08/2016
 
Description Aberystwyth University
Amount £232,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Welsh Assembly Government 
Organisation Aberystwyth University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2009 
End 12/2011
 
Description BBSRC ERANET
Amount £320,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ERA NET BREDNEC-SRC 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2008 
End 01/2012
 
Description BBSRC Exploring the LC methodology and impacts of bioenergy production
Amount £34,869 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/I02495X 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2011 
End 05/2013
 
Description BF2RA -Reduction of NOx
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Project 23 
Organisation Biomass and Fossil Fuel Research Alliance 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 09/2019
 
Description BF2RA Low temperature ignition of biomass
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Project 18 
Organisation Biomass and Fossil Fuel Research Alliance 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 09/2019
 
Description BIOCPV Development and Integration of biomass and concentrating photovoltaic system for rural and urban energy bridge
Amount £1,404,637 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/J000345/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2011 
End 01/2013
 
Description BMT-CES: Biofuel micro trigeneration with cryogenic energy storage
Amount £668,499 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/F061978/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2010 
End 10/2012
 
Description BRISK (EU)
Amount £515,000 (GBP)
Funding ID FP7 284498 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2011 
End 09/2015
 
Description BSBEC Centre for Sustainable Energy
Amount £423,850 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/G01616X 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2009 
End 04/2014
 
Description Bioliquids CHP (Aston)
Amount £290,000 (GBP)
Funding ID FP7 227303 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2009 
End 12/2011
 
Description Biomass and Fossil Fuel Research Alliance - slagging and fouling
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Funding ID project 22 
Organisation Biomass and Fossil Fuel Research Alliance 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2018
 
Description Biooil refinery (Norwegian Research Council)
Amount £160,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 200763/S60 
Organisation Research Council of Norway 
Sector Public
Country Norway
Start 03/2010 
End 02/2013
 
Description Biorefinergy concepts for macroalgae (Leeds)
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2010 
End 09/2011
 
Description Circular South Cities: Materials and Energy Resources Recovery from Waste.
Amount £61,942 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description Cost effective production of biofuel and chemicals from aquatic biomass
Amount £135,848 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/F061374/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2008 
End 10/2009
 
Description Cropping carbon
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/J004278 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2011 
End 10/2012
 
Description DEFRA Manipulating plantation designs of SRC willow
Amount £1,243,836 (GBP)
Funding ID LK0867 
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2011 
End 11/2012
 
Description Dibanet (EU)
Amount £650,000 (GBP)
Funding ID FP7 227248-2 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 07/2009 
End 12/2012
 
Description EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Bioenergy
Amount £4,336,514 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L014912/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2014 
End 09/2023
 
Description EPSRC Designer Catalysts for Biodiesel Production
Amount £91,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/F067372/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2008 
End 06/2011
 
Description EPSRC Optimisation of biomass/coal co-firing (Leeds)
Amount £360,582 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/F061188/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2008 
End 12/2011
 
Description EPSRC Supergen Hub - UKCCS Hub - BioCAP
Amount £400,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2014 
End 04/2017
 
Description EPSRC opening new fuels
Amount £1,035,606 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/M015351/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2017
 
Description ETI BECCS
Amount £454,587 (GBP)
Organisation Energy Technology Partnership (ETP) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2011 
End 07/2011
 
Description ETI Energy from Waste (Cranfield)
Amount £410,000 (GBP)
Organisation Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2009 
End 09/2011
 
Description EU Biorefinteg (Aston)
Amount £110,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EC FP7 Support Action 212831 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 06/2008 
End 05/2010
 
Description EU LogistEC (Rothamsted)
Amount £2,936,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EU FP7 ID 311858 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2012 
End 02/2015
 
Description Energy Technology Institute Biomass Feedstock Improvement Process (BioFIP)
Amount £2,200,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BioFIP 
Organisation Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 06/2018
 
Description FERTIPLUS
Amount £2,580,000 (GBP)
Funding ID FP7 289853 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 12/2011 
End 11/2014
 
Description IEA Bioenergy (Aston)
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation International Energy Agency (IEA) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country France
Start 01/2010 
End 12/2012
 
Description IRSES ECOFUEL
Amount £70,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EC Marie Curie 246772 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2010 
End 03/2013
 
Description Impact acceleration award -Improving fuel flexibility while managing operational risk
Amount £51,895 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K503836 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2014 
End 04/2015
 
Description Innovate UK -Co-firing waste-derived torrefied biogenic fibre with coal
Amount £141,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Project number 132123 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2016
 
Description NextGenPower (Cranfield)
Amount £700,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ENER/FP7EN/24975/ Nextgenpower 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 05/2010 
End 04/2014
 
Description Perennial Energy Crops Programme
Amount £5,032,376 (GBP)
Funding ID BSBEC 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2009 
End 03/2014
 
Description Refinergy ready bio petroleum via novel catalytic hydrothermal processing of microalgae
Amount £572,481 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/I014365/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2011 
End 12/2014
 
Description Royal Society (Aston)
Amount £400,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2009 
End 05/2010
 
Description Short KTP Drax (Leeds)
Amount £39,000 (GBP)
Organisation Technology Strategy Board (TSB) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2009 
End 02/2010
 
Description Supergen Bioenergy Hub (Supergen III)
Amount £3,567,384 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/J017302/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2012 
End 07/2017
 
Description Supergen Bioenergy Hub Extension
Amount £937,500 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2017 
End 07/2018
 
Description Supergen Bioenergy Hub Flexible Funding
Amount £3,500,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/J017302/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 07/2017
 
Description TESBIC (Leeds)
Amount £679,587 (GBP)
Funding ID TESBIC 
Organisation Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2011 
End 04/2012
 
Description TSB Global Biomass Supply KTP
Amount £129,936 (GBP)
Organisation Technology Strategy Board (TSB) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2010 
End 02/2012
 
Description TSB torrefaction
Amount £68,408 (GBP)
Funding ID TSB 130758 
Organisation Technology Strategy Board (TSB) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2012 
End 03/2013
 
Description Thermal managment of industrial processes
Amount £336,803 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/G060045/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2009 
End 12/2011
 
Description University of Leeds (Premium upgraded torrefied biomass)
Amount £439,578 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/D053110/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2010 
End 06/2014
 
Title Database on seasonal variability of macro algae 
Description Characterisation of macro algae collected over a 2 year period and evaluation during different conversion technologies. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2010 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Informed decisions on the design of seaweed production and harvesting processing systems. Used by other researchers (60 citations to date) 
 
Title Miscanthus Agronomy data base 
Description Suite of over 250 Miscanthus samples were analysed from the Agronomy trial at Rothamsted Research. The data base is published in the Thesis of Xiaomian Baxter, University of Leeds. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database informed the DEFRA Fertilizer Recommendations for Miscanthus. It also is being used in a current ETI funded project on establishing the variability of different biomass types. 
URL http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.540556
 
Title Miscanthus genetics 
Description Several lignin biosynthetic genes were isolated and used for transgenic intervention to test function. See DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-13440-1_2 In book: Plant biotechnology for sustainable production of energy and co-products, Chapter: 2, Publisher: Springer, Editors: Steve Thomas, Peter Mascia, Jack Widholm, pp.25-55 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Possibility of manipulation of Miscanthus for biochemical composition 
 
Title SRC Willow Agronomy Database 
Description Suite of over 150 SRC Willow samples were analysed from the Agronomy trial at Rothamsted Research. The data base is published in the Thesis of Bijal Gudka, University of Leeds. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database informed the DEFRA Fertilizer Recommendations for SRC Willow. It also is being used in a current ETI funded project on establishing the variability of different biomass types. 
URL http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/3352/
 
Title Sub models in biomass combustion 
Description The research developed advanced sub models for predicting the impact of biomass properties on burn-out and NOx and also developed submodels to describe co-firing coal and biomass. A biomass ash deposition model was also developed. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The deposition modelling work is continuing with follow-on funding from BF2RA and EPRI. It will also be used in EPSRC Consortia researching fuel-flexible power production, and opening new fuels for power generation. 
 
Title Willow genotype database 
Description Collection of 99 genotype willow were sampled and characterised. A subset was fully characterised for thermal behaviour also. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact pending 
URL http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/view/creators/Gudka=3ABijal_Ashwin=3A=3A.html
 
Description AMEC Natural Resources 
Organisation AMEC
Department Natural Resources
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Knowledge transfer
Collaborator Contribution Staff time for consultancy and advice; Management and strategy
Impact Outcomes are to do with the strategic direction of the consortium.
Start Year 2007
 
Description Alstom Power UK Ltd 
Organisation Alstom
Department Alstom UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Various consultancies concerning biomass combustion (EA3371, EA3586, EA3707). This involved helping Alstom optimise milling performance and burnout in their equipment.
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge regarding industrial application of research results.
Impact There is now a strong collaboration between the bioenergy research at Leeds and Alstom Power. Alstom Power is a project partner in many of our on-going research activities, and also in our Centre for Doctoral Training in Bioenergy, where they will contribute to PhD funding.
 
Description BIFFA 
Organisation BIFFA Waste Servies
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Consultancy and advice; management and strategy
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge transfer and training.
Impact Knowledge transfer and training.
Start Year 2007
 
Description BP 
Organisation BP (British Petroleum)
Department BP Chemicals
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Knowledge Transfer
Collaborator Contribution Staff time - consultancy and advice; management and strategic direction.
Impact Outcomes were associated with the direction of the research, particularly in the biomass fast pyrolysis work. This work resulted in a number of patent applications and journal/conference publications.
Start Year 2007
 
Description Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council 
Organisation Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Monitoring and emissions measurements of biomass combustion boilers owned by the council.
Collaborator Contribution Access and use of 3 biomass heating plants.
Impact Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council (MBC) is the first local authority in the UK to adopt a biomass fuel heating policy. They have successfully installed and operated a series of wood-fuelled district heating systems in Barnsley since 2005. Sheffield University (SUWIC) previously carried out extensive experimental measurements at two of the biomass-fired heating systems in Barnsley in 2009. The results indicated that the biomass heating systems installed in Barnsley result in much lower CO2 emissions than those from the previous fossil-fuelled heating systems. The emissions of all gaseous pollutants and the important PM10 particulate emission factors (i.e. particles emitted per unit of heat) all fall well below the Defra Technical Guidance values.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Biomass improvement through pretreatment 
Organisation Energy Technologies Institute (ETI)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaboration with University of Sheffield on combustion trials and reporting of results.
Collaborator Contribution This is an ETI-funded demonstration project of biomass improvement through washing. Partners are Uniper, University of Sheffield and Forest Fuels.
Impact Project is still under construction - no outcomes as yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Biomass improvement through pretreatment 
Organisation Forest Fuels
PI Contribution Collaboration with University of Sheffield on combustion trials and reporting of results.
Collaborator Contribution This is an ETI-funded demonstration project of biomass improvement through washing. Partners are Uniper, University of Sheffield and Forest Fuels.
Impact Project is still under construction - no outcomes as yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Biomass improvement through pretreatment 
Organisation Uniper Technologies Limited
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Collaboration with University of Sheffield on combustion trials and reporting of results.
Collaborator Contribution This is an ETI-funded demonstration project of biomass improvement through washing. Partners are Uniper, University of Sheffield and Forest Fuels.
Impact Project is still under construction - no outcomes as yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Biomass improvement through pretreatment 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with University of Sheffield on combustion trials and reporting of results.
Collaborator Contribution This is an ETI-funded demonstration project of biomass improvement through washing. Partners are Uniper, University of Sheffield and Forest Fuels.
Impact Project is still under construction - no outcomes as yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Coppice Resources Ltd 
Organisation Coppice Resources
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of SRC crops from Coppice resources in order to understand the impact of fertiliser during cultivation, and storage after harvesting, on the utilisation of the crops for bioenergy
Collaborator Contribution Coppice Resources provided in-kind contributions of labour during the fertiliser trials, and during work on storage of SRC crops. This involved access to historical data. They also provided staff time and research direction.
Impact Knowledge transfer.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Domestic Biomass Emissions 
Organisation Arigna Biofuels
Country Ireland 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team at Leeds, has developed a stove testing facility which is fully instrumented for gas analysis and particulate sampling and analysis. It has undertaken testing of a range of fuels from different partners. Some of this has been aimed towards exploring new revenue streams for partners, some has been to compare emissions from new fuels with those of approved fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Arigna fuels provided equipment and fuels to begin testing biomass emissions from domestic stoves as part of the Supergen Bioenergy Hub (the follow on grant from this award). They also provided several weeks of staff time during commissioning and initial testing. The other partners listed provided fuels, data, advice and staff time.
Impact There are several publications which are reported in the appropriate section. In addition, the work has formed part of the thesis of Dr Edward Mitchell and is now contributing to the research of two additional PhD students.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Domestic Biomass Emissions 
Organisation Bio-Bean Ltd
PI Contribution The research team at Leeds, has developed a stove testing facility which is fully instrumented for gas analysis and particulate sampling and analysis. It has undertaken testing of a range of fuels from different partners. Some of this has been aimed towards exploring new revenue streams for partners, some has been to compare emissions from new fuels with those of approved fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Arigna fuels provided equipment and fuels to begin testing biomass emissions from domestic stoves as part of the Supergen Bioenergy Hub (the follow on grant from this award). They also provided several weeks of staff time during commissioning and initial testing. The other partners listed provided fuels, data, advice and staff time.
Impact There are several publications which are reported in the appropriate section. In addition, the work has formed part of the thesis of Dr Edward Mitchell and is now contributing to the research of two additional PhD students.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Domestic Biomass Emissions 
Organisation Certainly Wood Ltd
PI Contribution The research team at Leeds, has developed a stove testing facility which is fully instrumented for gas analysis and particulate sampling and analysis. It has undertaken testing of a range of fuels from different partners. Some of this has been aimed towards exploring new revenue streams for partners, some has been to compare emissions from new fuels with those of approved fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Arigna fuels provided equipment and fuels to begin testing biomass emissions from domestic stoves as part of the Supergen Bioenergy Hub (the follow on grant from this award). They also provided several weeks of staff time during commissioning and initial testing. The other partners listed provided fuels, data, advice and staff time.
Impact There are several publications which are reported in the appropriate section. In addition, the work has formed part of the thesis of Dr Edward Mitchell and is now contributing to the research of two additional PhD students.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Domestic Biomass Emissions 
Organisation HETAS Limited
PI Contribution The research team at Leeds, has developed a stove testing facility which is fully instrumented for gas analysis and particulate sampling and analysis. It has undertaken testing of a range of fuels from different partners. Some of this has been aimed towards exploring new revenue streams for partners, some has been to compare emissions from new fuels with those of approved fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Arigna fuels provided equipment and fuels to begin testing biomass emissions from domestic stoves as part of the Supergen Bioenergy Hub (the follow on grant from this award). They also provided several weeks of staff time during commissioning and initial testing. The other partners listed provided fuels, data, advice and staff time.
Impact There are several publications which are reported in the appropriate section. In addition, the work has formed part of the thesis of Dr Edward Mitchell and is now contributing to the research of two additional PhD students.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Domestic Biomass Emissions 
Organisation Reheat International Ltd
PI Contribution The research team at Leeds, has developed a stove testing facility which is fully instrumented for gas analysis and particulate sampling and analysis. It has undertaken testing of a range of fuels from different partners. Some of this has been aimed towards exploring new revenue streams for partners, some has been to compare emissions from new fuels with those of approved fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Arigna fuels provided equipment and fuels to begin testing biomass emissions from domestic stoves as part of the Supergen Bioenergy Hub (the follow on grant from this award). They also provided several weeks of staff time during commissioning and initial testing. The other partners listed provided fuels, data, advice and staff time.
Impact There are several publications which are reported in the appropriate section. In addition, the work has formed part of the thesis of Dr Edward Mitchell and is now contributing to the research of two additional PhD students.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Domestic Biomass Emissions 
Organisation Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The research team at Leeds, has developed a stove testing facility which is fully instrumented for gas analysis and particulate sampling and analysis. It has undertaken testing of a range of fuels from different partners. Some of this has been aimed towards exploring new revenue streams for partners, some has been to compare emissions from new fuels with those of approved fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Arigna fuels provided equipment and fuels to begin testing biomass emissions from domestic stoves as part of the Supergen Bioenergy Hub (the follow on grant from this award). They also provided several weeks of staff time during commissioning and initial testing. The other partners listed provided fuels, data, advice and staff time.
Impact There are several publications which are reported in the appropriate section. In addition, the work has formed part of the thesis of Dr Edward Mitchell and is now contributing to the research of two additional PhD students.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Domestic Biomass Emissions 
Organisation Stove Industry Alliance
PI Contribution The research team at Leeds, has developed a stove testing facility which is fully instrumented for gas analysis and particulate sampling and analysis. It has undertaken testing of a range of fuels from different partners. Some of this has been aimed towards exploring new revenue streams for partners, some has been to compare emissions from new fuels with those of approved fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Arigna fuels provided equipment and fuels to begin testing biomass emissions from domestic stoves as part of the Supergen Bioenergy Hub (the follow on grant from this award). They also provided several weeks of staff time during commissioning and initial testing. The other partners listed provided fuels, data, advice and staff time.
Impact There are several publications which are reported in the appropriate section. In addition, the work has formed part of the thesis of Dr Edward Mitchell and is now contributing to the research of two additional PhD students.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Domestic Biomass Emissions 
Organisation Woodsure
PI Contribution The research team at Leeds, has developed a stove testing facility which is fully instrumented for gas analysis and particulate sampling and analysis. It has undertaken testing of a range of fuels from different partners. Some of this has been aimed towards exploring new revenue streams for partners, some has been to compare emissions from new fuels with those of approved fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Arigna fuels provided equipment and fuels to begin testing biomass emissions from domestic stoves as part of the Supergen Bioenergy Hub (the follow on grant from this award). They also provided several weeks of staff time during commissioning and initial testing. The other partners listed provided fuels, data, advice and staff time.
Impact There are several publications which are reported in the appropriate section. In addition, the work has formed part of the thesis of Dr Edward Mitchell and is now contributing to the research of two additional PhD students.
Start Year 2015
 
Description E ON 
Organisation E ON
Department E ON UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Evaluation of new biomass sources for power generation. Modelling of biomass combustion in the 1 MW test facility.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of samples, historic data data, input into the management meetings. Provision of validation data for biomass combustion modelling. They have also engaged fully in some of the wider project activities, such as the research workshop held in July 2011, which brought together industrialists, policy makers and academics to focus on UK bioenergy research needs and the policy workshop held in 2010. They had an active representative on the Steering Committee of the Consortium providing advice and strategic direction.
Impact Facilitated a deeper understanding of different perspectives on biomass utilisation and combustion. Enabled the development and validation of chemical models for use in boiler performance optimisation when changing to new fuels. All results were published in key scientific journals. The work led to some follow-on consultancy for E.ON by University of Leeds associated with fuel switching in coal power stations. E.ON have since built the biomass plant near Sheffield.
Start Year 2007
 
Description Gasification work 
Organisation Yorkshire Water
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The team provided analysis and research concerning performance issues of a gasifier, and provided evidence to explain performance issues and made recommendations for performance improvements.
Collaborator Contribution The partner provided samples and data as well as staff time and a site visit.
Impact The outcome was a confidential report to Yorkshire Water.
Start Year 2016
 
Description RWE nPower 
Organisation RWE AG
Department RWE nPower
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Provided knowledge transfer and model development for the combustion of biomass in pulverised units.
Collaborator Contribution Student support; Historical data; consultancy and advice; Dissemination; Management and Strategy.
Impact Knowledge transfer and model development for biomass combustion. There was some economic impact since knowledge would have been used at Tilbury Power station, but that station is now closed.
 
Description Sheffield City Council 
Organisation Sheffield City Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provided an assessment of the Sheffield district heating network and recommended the next expansion phase. Emissions testing.
Collaborator Contribution Provided access to the Sheffield district heating network. Attended research meetings and provided technical plant data.
Impact Numerical and Computational Models for Describing and Predicting Biomass Pyrolysis, Gasification and Combustion.
 
Description Supply of fuels for phytoremediation follow-on work 
Organisation Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The research team is analysing historic data and generating new data concerning the variability of willow utilised for phytoremediation
Collaborator Contribution Supply of fuels and historic data. Hosting of research meeting. Tour of plantations, biomass boilers and research site.
Impact The work has only just begun so there are no outputs yet.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Valorisation of waste 
Organisation Biorenewables Development Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The team undertook: 1) Analysis of historic data, 2) Analysis and classification of fuels, 3) Torrefaction trials 4) Combustion trials 5) provision of data to partners, 6) Preparation of reports and slide presentations, 7) Advice on "end of waste" application, 8) Further small consultancy projects concerning utilisation of end of waste fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Wilson, BDC, Sol Environmental and North Energy were part of a collaboration with us on a project funded by Innovate UK. Wilson and BDC developed a pilot-scale fuel production facility, Leeds undertook the majority of the practical work on the fuel that was provided, and North Energy provided a consequential LCA study of the process using empiric data where available. Sol-Environmental produced the end of waste documentation.
Impact Work is commercial, in confidence, so no publications as yet. Wilson are looking to develop a full-scale facility - but this is still in the discussion stage.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Valorisation of waste 
Organisation North Energy Associates
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The team undertook: 1) Analysis of historic data, 2) Analysis and classification of fuels, 3) Torrefaction trials 4) Combustion trials 5) provision of data to partners, 6) Preparation of reports and slide presentations, 7) Advice on "end of waste" application, 8) Further small consultancy projects concerning utilisation of end of waste fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Wilson, BDC, Sol Environmental and North Energy were part of a collaboration with us on a project funded by Innovate UK. Wilson and BDC developed a pilot-scale fuel production facility, Leeds undertook the majority of the practical work on the fuel that was provided, and North Energy provided a consequential LCA study of the process using empiric data where available. Sol-Environmental produced the end of waste documentation.
Impact Work is commercial, in confidence, so no publications as yet. Wilson are looking to develop a full-scale facility - but this is still in the discussion stage.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Valorisation of waste 
Organisation Sol Environment Ltd
PI Contribution The team undertook: 1) Analysis of historic data, 2) Analysis and classification of fuels, 3) Torrefaction trials 4) Combustion trials 5) provision of data to partners, 6) Preparation of reports and slide presentations, 7) Advice on "end of waste" application, 8) Further small consultancy projects concerning utilisation of end of waste fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Wilson, BDC, Sol Environmental and North Energy were part of a collaboration with us on a project funded by Innovate UK. Wilson and BDC developed a pilot-scale fuel production facility, Leeds undertook the majority of the practical work on the fuel that was provided, and North Energy provided a consequential LCA study of the process using empiric data where available. Sol-Environmental produced the end of waste documentation.
Impact Work is commercial, in confidence, so no publications as yet. Wilson are looking to develop a full-scale facility - but this is still in the discussion stage.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Valorisation of waste 
Organisation Wilson Bio-Chemical Limited
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The team undertook: 1) Analysis of historic data, 2) Analysis and classification of fuels, 3) Torrefaction trials 4) Combustion trials 5) provision of data to partners, 6) Preparation of reports and slide presentations, 7) Advice on "end of waste" application, 8) Further small consultancy projects concerning utilisation of end of waste fuels.
Collaborator Contribution Wilson, BDC, Sol Environmental and North Energy were part of a collaboration with us on a project funded by Innovate UK. Wilson and BDC developed a pilot-scale fuel production facility, Leeds undertook the majority of the practical work on the fuel that was provided, and North Energy provided a consequential LCA study of the process using empiric data where available. Sol-Environmental produced the end of waste documentation.
Impact Work is commercial, in confidence, so no publications as yet. Wilson are looking to develop a full-scale facility - but this is still in the discussion stage.
Start Year 2016
 
Title ABATE project 
Description As a result of the interdisciplinary interaction within the SUPERGEN Bioenergy Consortium, the Institute of Biological Environmental and Rural Sciences at Aberystwyth University have received funding from the Welsh Assembly Government A4B programme to perform research into the production and application of biochar. As a result a biochar facility was developed and trials performed in tandem to assess the environmental benefit of biochar as a carbon sink and soil conditioner. 
IP Reference  
Protection Protection not required
Year Protection Granted 2010
Licensed Commercial In Confidence
Impact Study of effects biochar addition has on land/plant productivity
 
Title Ablative thermolysis reactor 
Description Novel reactor for fast pyrolysis of biomass 
IP Reference US7625532 
Protection Patent granted
Year Protection Granted 2009
Licensed Commercial In Confidence
Impact Unknown
 
Title Advanced novel fuel characterisation 
Description Novel analytical methods have been developed and demonstrated and the Consortium now has world-leading facilities and expertise in the analytical characterisation and testing of biomass. 
IP Reference  
Protection Protection not required
Year Protection Granted
Licensed No
Impact Improvement in Research Infrastructure: The novel analytical techniques can be applied to all types of biomass and waste and enable rapid screening of new fuels in order to make recommendations about how best to use them. This has enabled large data sets to be generated which allows interrogation of statistical variation of fuels. It has led to follow on funding and interest in expansion of data sets to lower grade fuels.
 
Title Biomass pyrolysis 
Description Unknown 
IP Reference US7998315 
Protection Patent granted
Year Protection Granted 2011
Licensed Commercial In Confidence
Impact Unknown
 
Title The ability to match feeds to conversion processes 
Description The influence of cell wall composition and ash composition on conversion efficiency for a range of thermal processes is now well-understood, for a range of fuel types. Linking this knowledge to other factors in the biomass growth, for example agronomy, has helped decision making in farming practices and end uses. For example, agronomic practises can help alleviate ash-related problems in combustion, although engineering solutions are still critical for utilising the very difficult feedstocks. In addition, as a second example, it has been established that low ash is more beneficial than low lignin in fast pyrolysis, although there is interplay between ash-lignin-oil quality. Lignin content was seen to decrease with increasing ash content for Lolium and Festuca grasses and so for these feedstocks it would be difficult to obtain a low lignin, low ash material without resorting to pre-treatment. Beneficiaries of this research are growers, and businesses involved in converting biomass to energy through thermochemical means, as well as the wider research community because much of this research is fundamental in nature 
IP Reference  
Protection Protection not required
Year Protection Granted
Licensed No
Impact There has been follow-on research applying this knowledge. This has been funded by EPSRC, EC and Industry. There are patents pending on applying this knowledge in fast pyrolysis for bio-oil production.
 
Description 15th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (Berlin, Germany) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This conference is an annual international event where the entire value chain of biomass is covered. The vision is to educate the biomass community and to accelerate growth. More than 500 papers are presented each year and this leads to questions and discussions of the latest developments and innovations. 3 papers were presented by consortium members at the conference in Berlin. Great interest was shown by the audience and questions were asked and discussions had.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description 17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (Hamburg, Germany) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This conference is an annual international event where the entire value chain of biomass is covered. The vision is to educate the biomass community and to accelerate growth. More than 500 papers are presented each year and this leads to questions and discussions of the latest developments and innovations. 3 papers were presented by consortium members at the conference in Hamburg. Great interest was shown by the audience and questions were asked and discussions had.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 18th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (Lyon France) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This conference is an annual international event where the entire value chain of biomass is covered. The vision is to educate the biomass community and to accelerate growth. More than 500 papers are presented each year and this leads to questions and discussions of the latest developments and innovations. 6 papers were presented by consortium members at the conference in Lyon. Great interest was shown by the audience and questions were asked and discussions had.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (Boston) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact ASME's International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE) is the largest interdisciplinary mechanical engineering conference in the world. IMECE plays a significant role in stimulating innovation from basic discovery to translational application. It fosters new collaborations that engage stakeholders and partners not only from academia, but also from national laboratories, industry, research settings, and funding bodies. Among the 4,000 attendees from 75+ countries are mechanical engineers in advanced manufacturing, aerospace, advanced energy, fluids engineering, heat transfer, design engineering, materials and energy recovery, applied mechanics, power, rail transportation, nanotechnology, bioengineering, internal combustion engines, environmental engineering, and more.
3 papers were presented by members of the consortium at the conference. There was lot of audience participation and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Annual Researcher's Meeting 2011 Supergen Bioenergy II (Solihull) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact SUPERGEN Bioenergy hosted the Annual Researchers' meeting at St John's hotel in Solihull, West Midlands from 13th to 15th April 2011. The event attracted over 65 participants and provided a platform for discussing and sharing new findings and study within the SUPERGEN Conortium.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Annual Researcher's Meeting Supergen Bioenergy II 2009 (Solihull) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The meeting provided visionary overviews of the potential and challenges of biomass and bioenergy in the UK
New findings and studies were shared within the SUPERGEN consortium
It provided a forum for discussing and sharing information and particularly networking for the new researchers
Sustainability was highlighted as key environmental and government policy issues
Young researchers got an insight into industries' expectations from new graduates
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Annual Researcher's Meeting Supergen Bioenergy II 2010 (Solihull) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The event attracted over 60 participants and provided a platform for discussing and sharing new findings and studywithin the SUPERGEN consortium.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description BBC Bio Fuels Debate 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ian Shield participated in the biofuels debate on You and Yours, BBC Radio 4, 6 August 2007.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Bioenergy Research Forum on Sustainability 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The BRF meeting focussed on the theme of sustainability and was held in Nottinghamshire in Nov. 2009. Presentations from key academics, industry and the Environment Agency stimulated discussion and questions from the audience. The 65 attendees also enjoyed a tour of the facilities and projects at the Centre of Renewable Energy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Biomass Research Forum Anaerobic Digestion (Shropshire) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Hosted by the BiogenGreenfinch, the forum brought together experts from leading anaerobic digestion organisations in the UK. The event improved links between industry and academia, and brought together the bioenergy community to exchange knowledge. There was a great deal of discussion and questions afterwards and a number of new collaborations were formed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Biomass Research Forum CHP 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 120 people attended to hear a series of presentations from a mix of industrial and academic professional. There was a great deal of questioning and discussion, as well as networking. The forum enabled the sharing of information, the development of collaboration and the promotion of bioenergy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Biomass Research Forum Liquid Biofuels 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Hosted by the Wilton Centre at Teeside, the form brought together experts from leading biofuels organisations in the UK. The event improved links between industry and academia, and brought together the bioenergy community to exchange knowledge. There was a great deal of discussion and questions afterwards and a number of new collaborations were forged.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Biomass Research Forum, Marine biomass resources 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The event brought together non-academic stakeholders and researchers in this discipline. It enabled good discussion and networking to strengthen links.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Biomass Research Forum, Sustainable Energy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Meeting at St Anne's College, Oxford which focussed on the science and engineering underpinning sustainable energy research. The conference brought together academics, researchers, business and policy makers and included presentations from the Chief Scientific Adviser at DEFRA and the Chief Executive of the Energy technologies Institute. Sparked questions and discussions, promoted networking and the building of research teams and the exchange of information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Biomass and Energy Crops III Conference (York) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The conference was organised by the Association of Applied Biologists. It provided academics, policy makers, environmental
organizations and industry interests with an opportunity to hear about the research, policies and issues affecting developments in use of conventional and perennial crops for energy and transport fuels. There was a lot of audience participation and discussions were had. A partner of the consortium, Rothamsted Research helped to organise the conference. A paper was presented by a member of the consortium with regards to energy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Bioten-Conference on biomass, bioenergy and biofuels (Birmingham) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The first national biomass and bioenergy conference, 'Bioten' was organised by SUPERGEN Bioenergy in September 2010 in Birmingham. It attracted 150 delegates from across the UK and improved interactions between the different biomass, bioenergy and biofuel research communities and between academia, industry and government. It represented the culmination of eight years of research in the Consortium, and there were more than 40 contributions from within the Consortium. There was a great deal of audience participation and discussion which has helped to develop a vibrant bioenergy community. Networking and collaboration has continued beyond the grant, within the Supergen Hub, and other research activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.bioten.co.uk
 
Description CPD Biomass combustion 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The annual week-long course was delivered by members of the Supergen Consortium (academics and industrial speakers and Government/NGO representatives). During the 4-year period of the grant, 113 delegates participated from 57 different companies/NGO/Government organisations. The training course sparks a great deal of discussion and networking and has resulted in the development of working relationships for follow-on funding and consultancy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2011,2012
URL http://www.engineering.leeds.ac.uk/short-courses/environmental/energy-from-biomass-combustion/index....
 
Description Centre for Sustainable Energy, (Manchester talks) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Biomass Sustainability and waste presentations for the Centre for Sustainable Energy during the 2009/10 DECC planning community training sessions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010
 
Description Cereals 2008 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Attracts typical over 22000 Farmers and people from Industry. Rothamsted Research had a stand there which included the Supergen Bioenergy work. Lots of discussion and interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
URL http://www.fwi.co.uk/arable/cereals-event-2008.htm
 
Description ChemEng08 Conference and Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Supergen Bioenergy hosted a stand at the conference. Over 1000 delegates were present and there was a huge amount of knowledge transfer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
URL https://www.tcetoday.com/~/media/Documents/TCE/Articles/2008/810/810chemeng.pdf
 
Description Day Schools (Tyndall) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Three day schools during June 2009: Climate Change Science and Policy (11-6-2009); Energy and Climate Change (16-6-2009); Sustainable Cities (25-6-2009)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Discovery BBC World Service 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ian Sheild and Tony Bridgwater appeared in "Discovery" broadcast on the BBC World Service, May 07.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description EPSRC 09 Pioneers Exhibition (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Supergen Bioenergy hosted a stand at the exhibition. Over 750 delegates were present and there was a huge amount of knowledge transfer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Environment Agency, Singapore 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited lecture and training sessions from University of Sheffield Supergen Consortium members to the Environment Agency in Singapore. Topics included CFD modelling, emissions from biomass/waste plants and emission control technologies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description European Combustion Meeting (Chania. Crete) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The European Combustion Meeting covers all aspects of combustion science and technology, from fundamental physical and chemical kinetics, laminar and turbulent flames, burners, combustion diagnostics, coal & biomass combustion, oxyfuel combustion, gasification, spray and droplet
combustion, fires, fluidized bed combustors and a lot of other energy systems. Almost 250 delegates participated in this event initiating questions and discussions were had.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Low Grade Biomass-Opportunities and challemges Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was an inaugural seminar for the biomass and waste interest group organised jointly by the Fuel and Energy Research Forum and the Bioenergy CDT at Leeds. The workshop enabled academics, industry and policy makers to learn about waste to energy and some od the policies associated with it. A member of the Consortium presented some work on pre-treatment of waste wood via washing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.tferf.org/past-meetings
 
Description Media (Radio 4) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with Roger Harrabim of BBC with comments on Government heat policy and wood fuel resource. Broadcast on Radio 4's Today programme, 10 Nov 2008.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Research Challenges for the UK Bioenergy Community -Supergen Bioenergy Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The workshop focused on thermochemical conversion routes, but looked at the whole system from production, through conversion to
utilisation. Some of the challenges for bioenergy development, such as sustainability and availability of biomass resource in the UK, and establishment of appropriate supply chains and infrastructure are therefore also applicable to other routes, including biochemical options. There was a lot of audience participation in the form of questions and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description School guide to biofuels 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Production of a guide to biofuels for Secondary Schools, produced by Upham, Tomei, Thornley for the Institute of Physics and circulated via their web site.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Supergen Bioenergy II Young Researchers Meeting (Leeds) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The meeting provided a more in-depth understanding of the research activities and objectives in the SUPERGEN Bioenergy Consortium and how it all fits together, especially for new researchers to the Consortium. It also involved improving communication across disciplines and levels of expertise and to provide means for researchers to introduce themselves (and their work) to the group in order to improve and encourage interactions and researcher exchanges The meeting also offered an opportunity to discuss what researchers want from future researchers' meetings in terms of professional development activities such as training, visits, invited speakers, etc.
Posters were presented by all the researchers attending, which were judged by all the participants and prizes for the two best posters were awarded on merits of visual impact and clarity of message.As well as the poster presentations, there were 13 oral presentations of 10 minutes on their research work. Prizes were awarded for the first and second places.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Supergen Bioenergy Newsletter- British Bioenergy News (Issues 7-12) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact These newsletters were available to view on the Supergen Bioenergy Consortium II website and contributed to a forum for information and news on bioenergy activities throughout the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2009,2010,2011
URL http://www.supergen-bioenergy.net
 
Description Supergen bioenergy website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Web site used to communicate information about the work of the Consortium, it's events and partners. The site has member and non-member areas. There are downloadable factsheets and newsletters. Impacts include networking and communication, building of partnerships for further consultancy or research. The website continues to be updated with research information for the SUPERGEN researchers and to disseminate
the minutes, presentations, results, reports and other useful information. A new section of the website aimed at younger researchers was established, as well as a new public outreach section of the website for information which is available to the wider community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006
URL http://www.supergen-bioenergy.net/
 
Description Training course for Scottish Environ Agency (from Sheffield University) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Training on CFD modelling of waste/biomass plants
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Tshinghua University China visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited lectures and training on Energy from Biomass and Waste Plants for Research academics and students at Tshinghua University China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011