EPSRC Dongtan Sustainable City Networks: Coordination Framework - 2

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Faculty of Engineering & the Environment

Abstract

Today, many advanced countries are positioning themselves to have Sustainable Development (SD) at the heart of their developmental policies. Applying SD principals to a large community or perhaps a city is to be commended. In China, the development of such a city is becoming a reality and an integrated master planning for the world's first sustainable city / Dongtan - was launched recently. Dongtan is situated on Chongming Island, the third largest island in China, near Shanghai at the mouth of the Yangtze River. The island currently consists of a large area of mostly agricultural land. The Shanghai Municipal Government is planning to turn Chongming Island into an eco-island, and Dongtan as a model eco-friendly area. At three quarters the size of Manhattan, Dongtan will be developed on 630 hectares of land as a sustainable city to attract a range of commercial and leisure investments. A programme to develop such a sustainable city presents an unsurpassed opportunity to study and capture all aspects of the development including: the consultation, planning and design stages and the implementation phases of such a project. A recent workshop (Nov 2006) organised by EPSRC, Arup and their Chinese partners has resulted in the formation of specific networks that aim to begin research studies, information capture processes and establish appropriate research programmes that will achieve the most sustainable approaches for the Dongtan eco city development. The three networks which aim to learn from the Dongtan experience, allow and facilitate knowledge networking between Chinese and UK collaborators are as follows: (a) City History and Multi-scale Spatial Master-planning, (b) Network to Investigate Sustainable Economic and Ecological models of Peripheral Urban and (c) Sustainable Urban Systems to Transfer Achievable Implementation Network Resources and Infrastructure Systems Development. In addition to the networks, the workshop also established a Coordination Framework which is independent of the four networks. The main purpose of the coordinating framework is to draw and tie the identified networks together. This proposal deals mainly with the establishment of the coordinating framework group , the objectives and activities of the framework and its funding profile.
 
Description The UK-China Eco region Networks (Eco-Networks) were set up by Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC) in 2007, in response to the need to capture and build knowledge related to the development of eco-cities initially in China and now elsewhere. The three Networks are (a) SUSTAIN: examines the relationship between technologies, infrastructure and behavioural change for sustainability. (b) CHAMSPAM: The Network addresses the historical development of Chinese and European cities, and spatial masterplanning at scales ranging from the local place to the whole metropolitan area, and ECOCIT: The Network addresses the socio-economic aspects of sustainability and issues of governance.

The purpose of the Networks was to capture elements of the fast development occurring in the urbanisation of Chinese cities. The preliminary consideration of these Networks was to address the planning, technical, social, environmental and economic aspects of the establishment of eco-cities and to foster collaborations between researchers both in UK and China. The established research Networks are linked together through an overarching coordination programme, 'Coordination Framework'; (PI, Prof A S Bahaj, Southampton, EP/F01936X/1). This was established to provide coherence and linkage between the three funded networks. In addition, the work of the coordination was also to disseminate the areas of the networks, through presentations at conferences and meeting and organising event rather than publications in journal.
The Networks' presence in China facilitated links with the various UK organisations (British Council, British Consulate, British Embassy, RCUK and the FCO), Chinese Universities and industry. The Eco Networks organised and coordinated a combined Networks two-day event at the Shanghai Expo, which was immensely successful, disseminated the results of the activities undertaken in all the research Networks and the industrial contributions arising from these activities in both the UK and China.
Exploitation Route Through this project two ongoing institutes have been created: one at Tongji University (Sino-UK Research Institution of Sustainability) the other in Guangzhou (Sino-UK Low Carbon Development Research Centre) and the on-going development and research areas (established between Chinese institutions, Southampton and UCL) have direct relevance to policy in China. These forthcoming collaborative projects are scheduled to deliver into the 12th five-year plan (starting April 2011) and the outcomes of these research projects will also deliver into the 13th five-year plan which is due to start in 2016.
Sectors Construction,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

URL http://www.eco-networks.org
 
Description The impact of the Coordination Framework, particularly in collaboration with the SUSTAIN Network has been achieved through: the signing of cooperation framework with three cities (Shanghai, Guangzhou and Nanyang) for the development of low carbon cities; the creation of two institutes one at Tongji University (Sino-UK Research Institution of Sustainability) the other in Guangzhou (Sino-UK Low Carbon Development Research Centre) and the on-going development and research areas (established between Chinese institutions, Southampton and UCL) have direct relevance to policy in China. These forthcoming collaborative projects are scheduled to deliver into the 12th five-year plan (starting April 2011) and the outcomes of these research projects will also deliver into the 13th five-year plan which is due to start in 2016. Relations have also been built with the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, Science and Technology Commission of the Shanghai Municipality, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Society for Sustainable Development. In addition, the Networks' presence in China also facilitated links with the various UK organisations (British Council, British Consulate, British Embassy, RCUK and the FCO), Chinese Universities and industry. The Eco Networks also organised and coordinated a combined Networks two-day event at the Shanghai Expo, which was immensely successful, disseminated the results of the activities undertaken in all the research Networks and the industrial contributions arising from these activities in both the UK and China.
First Year Of Impact 2009
Sector Construction,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Invitation to contribute to Science Landscape Project by Government Chief Scientific Advisor Prof Sir Mark Walport
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description EPSRC Standard Research
Amount £795,969 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/I000143/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2010 
End 02/2014
 
Description EPSRC Standard Research - NR1
Amount £640,917 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N010779/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 01/2019
 
Description Research and Education Network for Knowledge Economy Initiatives (RENKEI) for the University of Southampton 
Organisation British Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Prof A.S. Bahaj led on two events of the Research and Education Network for Knowledge Economy Initiatives (RENKEI) for the University of Southampton. RENKEI is the Japanese word for "collaboration" through a consortium of six Japanese Universities, six UK Universities and the British Council Japan. The role of RENKEI is to offer a common platform for prestigious Japanese and UK universities to come together along with representatives of industry in order to develop collaborations and exchange knowledge. In collaboration with Tohoku University (Japan) Prof Bahaj developed two "schools" that bring researchers together for a week under the banner "Young Scholars Addressing Global Challenges" and cover themes of energy within cities. Prof Bahaj have created the themes for the two schools - one held in Japan Sep 2014 and the other - District Energy Supply within Cities -held in UK Mar 2015.
Collaborator Contribution The Japanese partner Universities have hosted two RENKEI schools, organizing a programme of talks and technical tours
Impact The outputs are primarily in terms of the training provided to the RENKEI scholars. The collaborating academics and school participants are multi-disciplinary, spanning energy policy, engineering, urban geography and social sciences
Start Year 2014
 
Description Research and Education Network for Knowledge Economy Initiatives (RENKEI) for the University of Southampton 
Organisation Tohoku University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof A.S. Bahaj led on two events of the Research and Education Network for Knowledge Economy Initiatives (RENKEI) for the University of Southampton. RENKEI is the Japanese word for "collaboration" through a consortium of six Japanese Universities, six UK Universities and the British Council Japan. The role of RENKEI is to offer a common platform for prestigious Japanese and UK universities to come together along with representatives of industry in order to develop collaborations and exchange knowledge. In collaboration with Tohoku University (Japan) Prof Bahaj developed two "schools" that bring researchers together for a week under the banner "Young Scholars Addressing Global Challenges" and cover themes of energy within cities. Prof Bahaj have created the themes for the two schools - one held in Japan Sep 2014 and the other - District Energy Supply within Cities -held in UK Mar 2015.
Collaborator Contribution The Japanese partner Universities have hosted two RENKEI schools, organizing a programme of talks and technical tours
Impact The outputs are primarily in terms of the training provided to the RENKEI scholars. The collaborating academics and school participants are multi-disciplinary, spanning energy policy, engineering, urban geography and social sciences
Start Year 2014