The LANCS (Lancaster, Nottingham, Cardiff and Southampton) Initiative in Foundational Operational Research: Building Theory for Practice

Lead Research Organisation: Lancaster University
Department Name: Management Science


The United Kingdom is the home of Operational Research (OR) and it maintains an application-oriented research tradition which is both true to its roots and which is also highly distinctive, if not unique. Many industries and public services are the beneficiaries of this effort, not least healthcare, finance, transport and defence. However, the EPSRC/ESRC 2004 International Review of the Research Status of OR in the UK warned that this leading position in applied work in OR could be jeopardised in the absence of a critical mass of researchers developing underpinning theory.In the LANCS (Lancaster, Nottingham, Cardiff, Southampton) initiative, four universities, which have been at the forefront of UK research in OR, have committed to a major expansion of research capacity in its theoretical foundations, supported by the additional resources available as a result of the current Science and Innovation call. The universities concerned have already worked together in the creation of NATCOR, an EPSRC-supported initiative aimed at strengthening doctoral programmes in the mathematics of OR. They have also evidenced their commitment to the subject by recent decisions (in advance of this call) to invest substantially in it.In total, the LANCS initiative will oversee additional new investment of approximately 12M through the five year period of the award, of which more than half comes from the institutions themselves. All the institutions have also committed to sustaining this additional capacity beyond the five year EPSRC funded period. This will have a major impact on the subject. The initiative aims to build and maintain a substantial new national capacity in its theoretical base by establishing this major cross-institutional and multi-disciplinary collaboration. Such a programme is crucial to support the health of the application oriented research which was highlighted as such a strength by the 2004 international review. Indeed, the main motivation of this proposal is to underpin the health of the UK research base in this critically important area. This far sighted initiative aims to establish theoretical advances in the field which are informed by, and which feed into, real applications.


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Aas B (2009) The role of supply vessels in offshore logistics in Maritime Economics & Logistics

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Aas B (2010) Management of Logistics Planning in International Journal of Information Systems and Supply Chain Management

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Aboudi R (2008) Inequality comparisons when the populations differ in size in The Journal of Economic Inequality

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Amaral A (2012) A polyhedral approach to the single row facility layout problem in Mathematical Programming

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Argon N (2009) DYNAMIC ROUTING OF CUSTOMERS WITH GENERAL DELAY COSTS IN A MULTISERVER QUEUING SYSTEM in Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences

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Black D (2013) The time-dependent prize-collecting arc routing problem in Computers & Operations Research

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Burer S (2012) Non-convex mixed-integer nonlinear programming: A survey in Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science

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Burer S (2009) On Nonconvex Quadratic Programming with Box Constraints in SIAM Journal on Optimization

Description The LANCS Initiative has grown research capability in foundational OR in the UK. 22 permanent academic posts (lecturer, senior lecturer and professor) have been established in the four universities (Lancaster, Nottingham, Cardiff and Southampton). Significant progress has been achieved in the six research clusters (Healthcare, Optimisation, Transport and Logistics, Heuristic Understanding, Stochastic Modelling and Systems to Build Systems). For details of collaboration, dissemination and research impact, please refer to the 60-month report at the URL below.
Exploitation Route Please refer to the LANCS Initiative 60-month report at the URL below. Please refer to the LANCS Initiative 60-month report at the URL below.
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Energy,Environment,Healthcare,Transport

Description Impact has been achieved in the following areas: Air transportation Health care Revenue Management Green logistics
First Year Of Impact 2012
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Education,Energy,Environment,Healthcare,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Retail,Security and Diplomacy,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services