Future reliable renewable energy conversion systems & networks: A collaborative UK-China project.

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: Electrical, Electronic & Computer Eng


Reliability is essential to the success of renewable energy systems. The estimated life of wind turbines is about 20 years, this is in comparison to 40 years for a conventional steam turbine generator unit. However the failure rate of wind turbines is about 3 times higher than that of conventional generators. The key feature that differentiates a renewable energy source, from conventional generation, is the inherent fluctuation of the source, giving rise to poor reliability due to fatigue cycling and consequently high life-cycle cost. This proposal aims to build a consortium of UK and Chinese researchers to investigate the scientific causes of poor reliability of components and develop solutions to improve it. Stress analysis and impact evaluation will be performed for stresses in thermal, mechanical, or coupled thermo-mechanical domains, taking into account the practical operating conditions. Accelerated aging test will be carried out to identify critical areas where improvement can be made cost-effectively. The research aims to develop new design concepts and new techniques that can be integrated in future renewable energy conversion systems and networks for reliability. Potential new techniques include active thermal management, integrated power smoothing, and mechanical stress releasing methods. These will be compared with alternative technologies that have been pursued by the consortium members and other researchers, such as gearless direct-drive systems, modular and fault tolerant designs and condition monitoring. The research will initially focus on wind turbines but will be extended to other forms of renewable electrical power generation including wave and tidal stream systems.Five UK and four Chinese universities as well as Chinese Academy of Sciences are initially included in the consortium which is strengthened by seven industrial partners from the two countries, in order to establish the expertise and facilities needed to address the multidisciplinary problem. The programme promotes essential and close interaction between the themes and the individual tasks. The interactions take a range of forms, from providing testing materials and facilities to the development of stress and reliability models for techniques for performance improvement. Chinese organisations will commit 9 PhD studentships to compliment the 7 themed PhD studentships in UK universities. The dissemination will involve academic publications, a dedicated website, consortium meetings, international seminars and events.


10 25 50
Description Integration of NDE and SHM have good application potentials in line with robotics and big data. RFID based IOT monitoring systems can be developed and applications beyond renewable energy.

AS general chair, ENDE2019 will take place in China
Exploitation Route New international collaboration will be explored. Several new grants and industrial applications take place.

More industrial projects and research links are developed.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Electronics,Energy,Environment,Healthcare,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Retail,Transport,Other

URL http://www.hemow.eu
Description Condition based maintenance and intelligent monitoring based on simulation and experimental studies are developed. Several NSFC grants including key instrument projects have been granted. New sensing and imaging studies have some progression. More international collaboration were established
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Construction,Electronics,Energy,Environment,Transport,Other
Impact Types Societal,Economic

Description Chinese Scholarship Council
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Yunze He 
Organisation University of Leeds 
Department China Scholarship Council
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2011 
End 02/2012
Description Chongqing University
Amount ¥120,000 (CNY)
Organisation Chongqing University 
Sector Academic/University
Country China
Start 03/2010 
End 02/2013
Description Commission of the European Communities
Amount £225,000 (GBP)
Funding ID HEMOW 269202 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2011 
End 03/2015
Description Game changer Proposal and Poster
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Nuclear Laboratory 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 03/2017
Description NDTonAIR: Training Network in Non-Destructive Testing and Structural Health Monitoring of Aircraft structures
Amount £189,034 (GBP)
Funding ID 722134 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2017 
End 04/2020
Description Natural Science Foundation of China
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 51007069 and 51377015 
Organisation National Science Foundation China 
Sector Public
Country China
Start 03/2014 
End 12/2017
Description Hebei University of Technology, China 
Organisation Hebei University of Technology
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Newcastle University Install one ECPTsystem for Hebei University of Technology, China
Collaborator Contribution Research link and knowledge transfer
Impact Visiting research Equipment installation
Start Year 2012
Description Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics 
Organisation Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint PhDs, CSC funded visitors FP7 grants
Collaborator Contribution Newcastle Provide one eddy current pulsed thermography to NUAA
Impact Joint publication
Start Year 2009
Description Panellist in ENDE 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The 20th International Workshop on Electromagnetic NonDestructive Evaluation, ENDE2015, was successfully held at the Katahira Sakura Hall, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, 21-23, September.
A keynote lecture by Professor Gerd Dobmann titled 'Global trend of ENDE studies' was held on 22nd to review the development of studies of electromagnetic non-destructive evaluations in the last couple of decades. The recent trends of the studies were then discussed in a subsequent panel session titled 'ET&ENDE - Where we are and where we want to go?' where three distinguished professors, Professor Antonello Tamburrino, Professor Gui Yui Tian, and Professor Lalita Udpa, were invited as panelists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015