Long-term performance of geotechnical transport infrastructure

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Faculty of Engineering & the Environment

Abstract

Field monitoring has provided many important insights into the real behaviour of geotechnical transport infrastructure such as embankments, tunnels and retained or battered cuts, resolving uncertainties for research, design, construction control or economic purposes. Where such monitoring is carried out, it is usually over a relatively short period of time for example during construction or in connection with a specific maintenance or remediation requirement. Professor Robert Mair's March 2006 Rankine lecture demonstrated the value of longer term field measurements, which may indicate unexpected and unforeseen continuing changes in the behaviour and condition of the infrastructure and the state of the surrounding ground. As the owners and custodians of our transport infrastructure seek to extend its economical life through sometimes extensive in-service maintenance and refurbishment, an understanding of the factors governing its long-term behaviour and state will become increasingly important.In recent years, the Geomechanics Research Group at the University of Southampton has installed loggable instrumentation in connection with a number of research projects to investigate the performance during and for a short period after construction of geotechnical structures such as slopes and retaining walls for transport infrastructure. In some cases, this instrumentation is still in place and working, offering a unique opportunity to continue monitoring to gain an insight into the long-term performance of the structures as equilibrium conditions are gradually reached, perhaps in response to new or unforeseen boundary conditions such as changing climate patterns and groundwater conditions or further construction nearby. The proposed research offers the opportunity to answer some questions concerning the long-term performance of geotechnical transportation infrastructure whose answers have remained elusive for decades. These are the potential for the re-establishment of in situ lateral stresses on retaining structures in overconsolidated deposits; the interpretation of strain gauge readings in underground concrete structures as the concrete ages; the impact of cyclic seasonal variations on the stability of unreinforced and remediated cutting and embankment slopes; and the interactions between buried structures and the groundwater regime. All of these will have major benefits in terms of the design of new infrastructure and predicting the service life and impacts of climate change on existing structures.

Publications

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Description Field monitoring has provided many important insights into the real behaviour of geotechnical transport infrastructure such as embankments, tunnels and retained or battered cuts, resolving uncertainties for research, design, construction control or economic purposes. Where such monitoring is carried out, it is usually over a relatively short period of time, for example during construction or in connection with a specific maintenance or remediation requirement. Professor Robert Mair's March 2006 Rankine lecture demonstrated the value of longer term field measurements, which may indicate unexpected and unforeseen continuing changes in the behaviour and condition of the infrastructure and the state of the surrounding ground. As the owners and custodians of our transport infrastructure seek to extend its economical life through sometimes extensive in-service maintenance and refurbishment, an understanding of the factors governing its long-term behaviour and state will become increasingly important.

In recent years, the Geomechanics Research Group at the University of Southampton has installed loggable instrumentation in connection with a number of research projects to investigate the performance during and for a short period after construction of geotechnical structures such as slopes and retaining walls for transport infrastructure. In some cases, this instrumentation was (and still is) in place and working, offering a unique opportunity to continue monitoring to gain an insight into the long-term performance of the structures as equilibrium conditions are gradually reached, perhaps in response to new or unforeseen boundary conditions such as changing climate patterns and groundwater conditions or further construction nearby.

The research carried out in this project has investigated a number of questions concerning the long-term performance of geotechnical transportation infrastructure whose answers have remained elusive. These are the potential for re-establishment of in situ lateral soil stresses on retaining structures in overconsolidated deposits; the interpretation of strain gauge readings in underground concrete structures as the concrete ages; the impact of cyclic seasonal variations on the stability of unreinforced and remediated cutting and embankment slopes; and the interactions between buried structures and the groundwater regime. The findings have major benefits in terms of the design of new infrastructure and predicting the service life and impacts of climate (and climate change) on existing structures.
Exploitation Route The beneficiaries of the research will be the custodians, owners and users of the infrastructure through both reduced costs and increased availability, utility and longevity of the assets. The long-term observation of a number of geotechnical structures has revealed important insights into their performance that had not necessarily been foreseen or expected. Some of the findings of the research will feed directly into improved design and construction approaches for new infrastructure.

The work is also of immense benefit to the research community, through the generation and publication of new case study data that can be used by others to assess and benchmark new methods of analysis and design.
Sectors Construction,Environment,Transport

 
Description The results of this project have been used to provide information for the updated Construction Industry Research and Information Association reports on groundwater control (issued in 2016 as C750) and embedded retaining walls (published in 2016 as C760).
Sector Construction,Environment,Transport
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Advancing practice in managing groundwater in civil engineering
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Prof Powrie delivered a series of workshops to practising engineers in London (January 2019) and Canada (December 2019) on innovative techniques and design for managing groundwater in temporary and permanent civil engineering works.
 
Description Appointed to advise Chair of HS2
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Prof William Powrie (PI) was selected with Prof Andrew McNaughton (Southampton) and Prof Lord Robert Mair (Cambridge) to advise the Chairman of HS2 on the engineering design of HS2 infrastructure. Their work was cited in Recommendation 3 of the HS2 Chairman's Stocktake (August 2019) (HMG Official Sensitive - redacted version available at the given URL). In the context of challenging costs and deriving further efficiencies within the proposed scope of the railway, the Chairman says "I will continue to use Professor Andrew McNaughton, Lord Mair and Professor William Powrie to work with the HS2 Ltd Chief Engineer to examine the engineering assumptions behind existing designs". The Chairman's Stocktake was heavily cited and its cost estimates relied on in the Oakervee Review (December 2019), including a specific reference to risk arising from lack of information on ground conditions in Phase 2b. The Oakervee Review in turn underpinned the Prime Minister's announcement on 11 Feb 2020, so a direct line can be drawn from our research to the decision to proceed with HS2.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hs2-ltd-chairmans-stocktake-august-2019
 
Description CIRIA RP1065 launch seminar (slope engineering)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Contribution to McNaughton report on target cost of GB railway electrification
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Contributed to a report commissioned by DfT HS2 Phase 2 and NPR Sponsor who sought advice on what the cost of main line electrification, needed to permit through running of HS2 services on certain routes, ought to be and what changes would be necessary to achieve it. Southampton is the only university cited in the report, for its analysis that "provided the compelling evidence to support the empirically sound long established "ORE" method rather than some recent attempts at limit state geotechnical approaches." The paper overall argues that the cost of electrification can be better than halved from the costs that were experienced on the Great Western Electrification Programme, and the work done at Southampton makes a very significant contribution to the saving. The impact is likely to be a change of strategy by DfT to enable wider electrification, with a saving in cost to the public purse and environmental benefits by reducing use of diesel fuel. There are positive implications for the construction industry and greatly increased productivity in the installation of foundations.
 
Description HS2 earthworks review panels
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Separately from his role advising the Chairman of HS2, Prof Powrie provided expert advice to HS2 technical leads and their consultants, and chaired or participated in a series of panels, design reviews and deep dive exercises to improve the design of HS2 geotechnical infrastructure, from January to August 2019 with occasional further inputs. He also gave independent advice to DfT on HS2, particularly at meetings on 15th (Southampton) and 27th March 2019 (London). This has led to more economical design of large cost elements of HS2, contributing to the decision to proceed with the project. Evidence for this is set out in the separate entry on advising the Chair of HS2, who reported in the HMG publication "HS2 Chairman's Stocktake" that he would "continue to use Professor Andrew McNaughton, Lord Mair and Professor William Powrie to work with the HS2 Ltd Chief Engineer to examine the engineering assumptions behind existing designs The value engineering on Main Works Civils Contractors to date has been far reaching .."
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hs2-ltd-chairmans-stocktake-august-2019
 
Description RIA Electrification Cost Challenge
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Cited and quoted in a review by the UK rail supply body into ways of reducing the cost of railway electrification. The document finds that using the design method justified by research at Southampton, foundation depths can be generally halved with cost and productivity benefits that are more than merely in proportion. The document includes a case study in which a collaboration between Network Rail, two SMEs, a large corporation and the University of Southampton led to a design saving that avoided major works due to electrification estimated at £10M - £15M, instead costing £1M, at a single bridge in Cardiff. The overall benefit of the package of measures recommended in the review is to bring costs down from the region of £2.5M/single track kn to £1M/stkm, against an annual output in excess of 100km/annum.
URL http://www.riagb.org.uk/RIA/Newsroom/Stories/Electrification_Cost_Challenge_Report.aspx
 
Description EPSRC Centre Doctoral Training in Sustainable Infrastructure Systems
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L01582X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2019
 
Description EPSRC Responsive Mode (Project: Earth and water pressures on the base of ground-contacting slabs within deep basement structures)
Amount £100,174 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K02521X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2013 
End 04/2015
 
Description EPSRC Responsive Mode (Project: Rooting for Sustainable Performance)
Amount £615,038 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 10/2019
 
Description EPSRC Responsive Mode (Project: iSMART - Infrastructure slopes: sustainable management and resilience assessment)
Amount £1,671,674 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K027050/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2013 
End 01/2017
 
Description Full scale trials of innovative track systems
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Network Rail Ltd 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description Shift2Rail In2Track2 - Newark Flat Crossing R&D
Amount £96,907 (GBP)
Funding ID PO 3948935 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2019 
End 12/2020
 
Description UKCRIC Pump Priming Panel July 2017
Amount £1,013,092 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R013535/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2019
 
Description Asphalt Track (field monitoring) 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Design, develop and implement field monitoring and analysis techniques for existing areas of asphalt/ballast trackbed.
Collaborator Contribution Experience and access to field trials; some existing equipment being assessed for suitability.
Impact Improved understanding of the behaviour of asphalt trackbed under real life train loads.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Asphalt track 
Organisation AECOM Technology Corporation
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Providing scientific understanding and research facilities for developing innovations in track systems, particularly in the area of asphalt track.
Collaborator Contribution Access to data and live track through contract with Network Rail. Leading proposals and bids to develop asphalt track to higher TRLs.
Impact Unsuccessful proposal for site trials to Horizon 2020. Smaller scale proposal funded by RSSB - £120,000 for full scale laboratory tests on materials supplied by AECOM.
Start Year 2016
 
Description East West Arc Rail Alliance 
Organisation East West Railway Company
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Expertise on railway track systems, geotechnical engineering and transportation policy. Infrastructure and urban systems for one planet living. Infrastructure and urban systems as drivers of equity, inclusion and social justice. Engagement with innovation workshops and meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Delivering a real world railway where research will deliver direct impact. Political influence and community relations.
Impact Prof Powrie attended an innovation discussion at offices of EWR Co 4 April 2019, and led an Innovation Workshop in Edgbaston 1 August 2019. Prof Powrie and Prof Richards provided expert advice to an Earthworks Technical Review of EWR Co designs on 3 June 2019.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Network Rail CPS R&D framework 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Solution exploration, project scoping and design. Physics based analysis of infrastructure performance. Numerical modelling, laboratory testing, field measurements and performance monitoring of all rail infrastructure including track systems, geotechnical infrastructure, structures, vegetation management, design philosophy and conceptual design, noise and vibration, high voltage infrastructure, location data and track model, economic and carbon modelling, and other areas of mutual interest and expertise that may arise.
Collaborator Contribution Funding and access to H202o funding. Programme management. Access to significant data sets and live railway track including safety management systems. Chair industry steering group for all rail research.
Impact This is a new partnership with a minimum floor value of £2M over 5 years. Individual projects within the partnership will be reported in the Further Funding section as they are committed.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Network Rail Ltd Strategic University Partnership 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise, intellectual input, research project management and the training of doctoral students. Access to data, equipment and facilities, and securing third party laboratory services. Serving on industry expert committee and providing advice on an ad-hoc basis. Guiding the preparation of good practice guides and new design standard.
Collaborator Contribution Programme management and in-house champions for the research. Pathways to impact.
Impact Guide to Track Stiffness ISBN: 9780854329946 (2016) Guide to the effects of debris accumulations at river bridges ISBN: 9781912431052 (2019). [Also reported via NERC project NE/R009015/1.] Network Rail Specification NR/L2/CIV/074 Design and Installation of Overhead Line Foundations (2017) PhD theses: M Potticary; L Rorke; A Roberts; Reports on ballast migration, soil water sensors, fibre reinforced ballast, shallow under track crossings, carbon fibre reinforcement of cast iron bridge beams. 2 conference papers on flexural testing of full scale cast iron girders reinforced with CFRP Instrumentation of railway bridge for long term monitoring of interaction performance of earthworks and bridge. 5 PhD studentships.
Start Year 2012
 
Description CIRIA research project launch seminar (slope engineering) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A half-day seminar launching CIRIA's research project RP1065, "Engineered and natural slopes - protection and stabilisation systems." Speakers from geotechnical industry, consultants, Network Rail and HS2, and academia including William Powrie. This launch event will lead to a series of roundtables and workshops over the course of 2018 to identify, categorise and prioritise future good practice research in slope engineering and management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Distinguished Lecture by Andrew Wolstenholme, Crossrail 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact The University hosted a Distinguished Lecture by alumnus Andrew Wolstenholme, OBE, the Chief Executive of Crossrail, on the project and generated a discussion about the better management of major engineering projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ICSGE 2015, Singapore 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Powrie gave a keynote lecture on discrete passive piles for infrastructure slope stabilization to international conference in Singapore.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.geoss.sg/icsge2015/tp.html
 
Description InnoTrans 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Very large international exhibition and conference. Purpose was to raise awareness of the role of university research in innovation and development in the railway industry, and of how to engage. Several thousand delegates attended and the UK Secretary of State for Transport visited out stand.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.innotrans.com
 
Description Interview with Paul Clifton for Rail magazine 2013 (climate change) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Powrie was interviewed and extensively quoted in an article by the BBC's transport correspondent, Paul Clifton, in the large circulation railway general interest magazine "RAIL". Reference was made to TRACK21, work on vegetation and embankment stability, and also on long term data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description MAFEX Spanish railways visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Fact finding visit by Spanish railway industry delegates to find how the UK industry and academia engage. They were given presentations on engineering research and education at Southampton, and on the UK Rail Research and Innovation Network, and a tour of facilities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description NR SUP group presentation week 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated in a five day event hosted by Network Rail at their Milton Keynes HQ. We presented practical outcomes and ongoing research with an emphasis on monitoring railway linear infrastructure. We participated in an exhibition during the week and made some contacts for further discussion and support for site monitoring.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Opening of new UKCRIC laboratory by Chief Executive, Network Rail 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Opening of new £48M UKCRIC National Infrastructure Laboratory by Chief Executive of Network Rail, supported by Chief Executive of Siemens Mobility, attended by senior industry and academic partners from eg Thales, Shell, a wide range of SMEs and other UK universities from as far north as Heriot-Watt (Edinburgh). At the event Network Rail announced a £2M framework contract for R&D, and Shell signed a £1.5M donation to the University. The BBC attended, resulting in a 4-minute report shown twice on local television news and since used by us for other engagement activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description PWI Wessex region 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Local branch meeting of the Permanent Way Institute, to increase their understanding of and engagement with research in the railway industry. Title was Railway track and related infrastructure research at the University of Southampton. Enhanced the reputation of the University, gave the practitioners insights into the science underlying several of their practices, and helped them identify problem areas. Distributed copies of the Guide to Track Stiffness, authored by the University in a cross-industry working group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at COST Action TU1202 final conference, Paris. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation given as part of the final dissemination conference for EU COST Action TU1202 on climate impacts on infrastructure slopes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to Dundee Roots Group meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Two presentations on slope stability related research work were given to the 'Dundee Roots Group', which includes practitioners, academics, members of James Hutton Institute, and postgraduate students with an interest in plant root systems for agriculture and engineering.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description RIA Innovation Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A two day conference organised by the Railway Industry Association, of which UoS is a member and recognised as the leading centre of railway infrastructure research. The ~200 delegates are mostly from industry including many SMEs, and also a strong contingent from Network Rail who fund and undertake a significant proportion of innovation in infrastructure. The focus was on how industry and universities can work together to accelerate innovation, and included case studies on taking new ideas from low TRL right through to the implementation in the live railway. The conference is part of a coherent plan of activities over two or three years to strengthen relationships between industry and academia so it is difficult to attribute new relationships to a single event but the University is seeing an increase in approaches from SMEs in particular, which has always been a difficult constituency for us.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description RTRI Japan track engineers' workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hosted a workshop on railway track maintenance, with 5 papers by University of Southampton, 3 by other UK universities and 8 by Japanese delegates. The purpose was to advance knowledge and improve practice in the engineering of ballasted railway track. The papers were subsequently circulated to all delegates and more widely shared in the Rail Technical Research Institute, Japan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Rail Live exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This is a major UK trade fair. A group of universities including Southampton jointly attend, giving short talks and exhibiting case studies of innovation led by or underpinned by university research. The purpose is to raise awareness of the universities and advertise the range of facilities and capabilities we have, and our willingness to collaborate.
UoS gave two short presentations and participated in an exhibition area together with the Universities of Loughborough, Huddersfield and Birmingham and the UK Rail Research and Innovation Network.
Some conversations were held with new contacts but the most productive discussions were with staff from Network Rail, and ultimately this fed into the new Research Framework contracts reported elsewhere.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Rail Matters video and associated activity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The activity was to create and exploit a professional video about railway infrastructure research being undertaken primarily through the EPSRC Programme Grant Track to the Future. This took advantage of a significant investment by the Railway Industry Association (RIA) promoting innovation over 12 months from November 2019, including UoS as the leading university for railway infrastructure research.
The video was completed, including very successful location filming on HS1 and strong endorsement for UoS from the Head of Track at HS1. It was launched in November 2019 at the RIA Annual Conference in front of 400 delegates. Our segment was particularly praised by the Technical Director of RIA. Our segment of the video was played on main video wall at the UKRRIN annual conference later the same month, and at an IMechE rail recruitment event for undergraduates in the South East.
It was shown at a RIA Unlocking Innovation event hosted at The University in Feb 2020 in front of 135 industry delegates, where it led to two serious enquiries for future contract work and several initial enquiries with future potential.
• Attended the Rail Industry Technical Leadership group plenary event, secured invitation to undertake research on slab track at Kings Cross station
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FCFFtOGlnvE
 
Description Rail Review: Paul Clifton on transport policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Powrie was interviewed by the respected journalist Paul Clifton, the only academic among other senior figures in transport, for a substantial article in Rail Review on how the UK's infrastructure will be affected by a rapidly evolving society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://t2f.org.uk/wp-content/blogs.dir/sites/5/2018/01/Q2-2017-Clifton-A-Vision-for-Transport-1.pdf
 
Description SOTSEF 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The annual Southampton Science and Engineering Day attracted 7,000 visitors in 2017. Some 140 interactive exhibits and activities, run by hundreds of staff and student volunteers, make this an important outreach targeting primarily school age children to interest them in a future in science and engineering. Several exhibits have a railway or geotechnical theme, including custard rolling, experiments on railway noise and vibration using lego, tribology, railway networks and engineering using railway models and Minecraft, wind tunnels, anechoic and reverberant chambers, and many more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.southampton.ac.uk/per/university/festival/index.page
 
Description Science and Engineering Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This is a major "open day" event aimed attracting some 4,000 people to the main campus. Most are children of primary or secondary school age. A wide range of interactive, "hands-on" engineering and science activities is presented over six hours by undergrad and postgrad volunteers. In 2014, we won a National Science and Engineering Week award for Best STEM institution event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://www.southampton.ac.uk/per/university/festival/index.page
 
Description Slope Engineering and Geotech Asset Management Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Speaking at a two-day conference bringing together asset owners, engineers and contractors to share best practice in solving recent failures and discuss solutions for futureproofing assets. The subject was "the role of technology in managing geotechnical assets and mitigating risks on the UK rail network."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description UKRRIN 2018 conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact National conference of railway industry and researchers. The conference is a pathway to impact. Opportunity for researchers to present current activities, industry to present on requirements, and identification of opportunities to take research up the TRL scale. There is an exhibition during which there are networking opportunities. We were able to engage with new potential partners and reinforce existing relationships. One plenary presentation by Southampt
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ukrrin.org.uk/ukrrin-celebrates-first-annual-conference-bringing-rail-industry-and-academ...
 
Description Uniwin lecture 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prestige lecture at Institution of Civil Engineers: Transitions, Disruptors and the Quest for Sustainability (William Powrie). Some new technologies disrupt, and even those that do not often require complicated, systems-level transitions that are difficult to achieve quickly. The lecture illustrated these points with examples from energy and resource / waste management. It then critically assessed two ongoing efforts to achieve transformational change in transport: railway electrification and decarbonising our cities. Systemic failings
that have hindered success were identified. The lecture then discussed what we need from research if we are to do better in realising the benefits of technology in the future, while balancing the often-conflicting goals of affordability, equitability, improved environmental sustainability and quality of life.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description iSMART end of project workshop and disemination event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact iSMART end of project workshop and disemination event. Presentations to Project Partners and other stakeholders on the final research outcomes from the project. On going discussions with HS2 about a follow-on project, to understand the implications of the research for their needs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017