Source Separation for Electronic Surveillance

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of Engineering


Source separation is a critical early processing stage in electronic surveillance systems where the multiple simultaneouslyintercepted transmissions need to be detected, separated and identified for possible threats (e.g. pulsed and continuouswave radar, navigation systems, etc.). When the signals to be detected and separated overlap in time and frequency thiscan prove a challenging signal processing task that cannot be solved through simple filtering or beamforming.Recently sparse representations have emerged as a very powerful technique for solving source separation problems,particularly in underdetermined scenarios (i.e when there are fewer target sources than sensors), including the difficultcase of single channel source separation. Sparse representations usually exploit prior knowledge of the nature of thesignals to be intercepted to create 'nonlinear' separation algorithms that substantially surpass the performance oftraditional filtering techniques. Furthermore, in certain circumstances, they can also be adapted to learn the structure ofthe signals being observed to achieve the separation in a totally blind manner.The aim of this project is to develop new algorithms based around sparse representations capable of detection,separation and classification of individual EM signals that overlap in time and frequency. In addition computationalefficiency will be pursued by borrowing recent ideas from compressed sensing theory.


10 25 50
Description The project developed novel separation and detection algorithms for a mixture of chirped FMCW radar signals
Exploitation Route Further work with Dstl
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software)

Description Dstl has subsequently contracted us to provide a software implementation of the key algorithms developed in the project for inclusion into a testbed for RF signal detection and identification being commissioned by Dstl.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Societal,Economic