LIGHT ALLOYS TOWARDS ENVIRONMETALLY SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT: 2nd GENERATION SOLUTIONS FOR ADVANCED METALLIC SYSTEMS (LATEST2)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Materials

Abstract

To avoid global warming and our unsustainable dependence on fossil fuels, the UK's CO2 emissions are recommended to be reduced by 80% from current levels by 2050. Aerospace and automotive manufacturing are critical to the UK economy, with a turnover of 30 billion and employing some 600,000 worker. Applications for light alloys within the transport sector are projected to double in the next decade. However, the properties and cost of current light alloy materials, and the associated manufacturing processes, are already inhibiting progress. Polymer composites are too expensive for body structures in large volume vehicle production and difficult to recycle. First generation, with a high level of recycling, full light alloy aluminium and magnesium vehicles in production are cheaper and give similar weight savings (~ 40%) and life cycle CO2 footprint to low cost composites. Computer-based design tools are also playing an increasing role in industry and allow, as never before, the optimisation of complex component architectures for increased mass efficiency. High performance alloys are still dominant in aeroengine applications and will provide ~ 30% of the structural components of future aircraft designs, where they will have to be increasingly produced in more intricate component shapes and interfaced with composite materials.To achieve further weight reductions, a second generation of higher performance light alloy design solutions are thus required that perform reliably in service, are recyclable, and have more complex product forms - produced with lower cost, energy efficient, manufacturing processes. With design optimisation, and by combining the best attributes of advanced high strength Al and Mg alloys with composites, laminates, and cheaper steel products, it will be possible to produce step change in performance with cost-effective, highly mass efficient, multi-material structures.This roadmap presents many challenges to the materials community, with research urgently required address the science necessary to solve the following critical issues: How do we make more complex shapes in higher performance lower formability materials, while achieving the required internal microstructure, texture, surface finish and, hence, service and cosmetic properties, and with lower energy requirements? How do we join different materials, such as aluminium and magnesium, with composites, laminates, and steel to produce hybrid materials and more mass efficient cost-effective designs? How do we protect such multi-material structures, and their interfaces against corrosion and environmental degradation?Examples of the many scientific challenges that require immediate attention include, how can we: (i) capture the influence of a materials deformation mechanisms, microstructure and texture on formability, thus allowing computer models to be used to rapidly optimise forming for difficult alloys in terms of component shape and energy requirements; (ii) predict and control detrimental interfacial reactions in dissimilar joints; (iii) take advantage of innovative ideas, like using lasers to 'draw on' more formable microstructures in panels, where it is needed; (v) use smart self healing coating technologies to protect new alloys and dissimilar joints in service, (vi) mitigate against the impact of contamination from recycling on growth of oxide barrier coating, etc.A high priority for the Programme is to help fill the skills gap in metallurgical and corrosion science, highlighted in the EPSRC Review of Materials Research (IMR2008), by training the globally competitive, multidisciplinary, and innovative materials engineers needed by UK manufacturing. The impact of the project will be enhanced by a professionally managed, strategic, research Programme and through promoting a high international profile of the research output, as well as by performing an advocacy role for materials engineering to the general public.

Planned Impact

LATEST2 aims to underpin developments vital to the future of UK aerospace and automotive manufacturing. The research has been targeted to maximise impact by providing a step advance in the science base required in the move towards more efficient products, which is essential to maintain global competitiveness. The Team has a strong track record in managing the dissemination of research outcomes to a wide range of user groups, as exemplified by the successful LATEST Portfolio Partnership. Industrial beneficiaries of the research include aerospace and automotive manufacturing and its full supply chain (e.g. Airbus, Rolls Royce, Meridian, Jaguar-LR, Novelis, MEL, Alcan etc). There are also important indirect benefits in terms of maintaining the knowledge base, reducing industry's CO2 footprint, sustainability, and training. Training of the next generation of materials engineers is of particular importance due to a skills shortage in metallurgy and will be enhanced by alignment with the Sheffield-Manchester DTC in metallic materials. The research will include topics that are close to commercial exploitation, e.g. new joining technologies for dissimilar materials, novel treatments for control of cosmetic corrosion etc, as well as more fundamental work leading to longer term commercialisation, e.g. modelling tools for forming light alloys and predicting joint performance in multi-material designs. Research outputs will provide 'quality of life' benefits to the public through improved environmental performance of next-generation vehicles. Ensuring global competiveness in the automotive and aerospace manufacturing sectors is fundamental to future employment and wealth creation. LATEST2 further envisages collaborations with regional bodies (e.g. NWDA) to influence policy on sustainability. LATEST2 will develop a broad range of access points to allow maximum engagement at all levels, with general communication promoted through a vibrant web site, newsletters and press releases. Engagement with Industry will be through workshops, an annual open conference to showcase results, international conferences, trade journals and networking with research organisations, companies, and trade bodies (IOM3, NAMTEC and AlFed. We will further fund secondments to and from industry and leading academic establishments. A key goal is to improve awareness at schools and with the general public. This will be realised by engagement through specialist organisations, such as the Nuffield Trust and Industrial Trust, as well as summer schools, internships and science festivals, to broaden awareness of the subject and attract the highest calibre of students. We will also develop resources for teachers and provide specialist science communication training for our PhD students to expand the breadth of our public engagement. LATEST2 is further committed to the promotion of sustainable materials for transportation through public lectures and museum exhibits. We have a positive relationship with the Manchester Museum of Science and Industry, where we currently have a permanent display and plan to deliver interactive sessions specifically on light alloys for sport, transport and sustainability. As part of our plans for dissemination we will create a web database to manage knowledge for academia, industry and the public, to share information on developments in the field, training, and events, as well as a repository for reports and PhD theses etc. We will maintain this system for five years post-completion, ensuring the maximum accessibility. Implementation of the impact plan will be managed by a professional Project Manger, under direction of the Management Group, supported by an outreach officer. A role of the Project Manger will be to ensure that the legal framework is in place to protect IPR, and pave the way for exploiting new discoveries. We will also obtain feedback to measure success of the impact plan by tracking delivery against targets.

Organisations

Publications

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Abouarkoub A (2015) Microstructure and Corrosion Properties of the Plasma-MIG Welded AA5754 Automotive Alloy in Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering

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Aliasghari S (2014) Effect of Chloride Ions in Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation of Titanium in ECS Electrochemistry Letters

 
Description Through fundamental research, in key 'enabling' topics, LATEST2 has accelerated the introduction of more mass efficient solutions in the transport sector.

T1 Conquering Low Formability
Theme 1 has developed new techniques of sub-micron resolution strain mapping and crystal plasticity modelling, and applied them to understanding the factors that limit formability in light metals (Mg and Ti) that have limited slip capability, owing to their hexagonal crystal structures.

Important outcomes include:
i) modelling twinning to explain why different textures lead to radically different levels of formability; ii) an improved understanding of the effects of second phase particles on deformation heterogeneity; iii) an enhanced understanding of dynamic interactions during forming new high strength Al-alloys; leading to iv) a new low temperature forming route; v) understanding the origin and importance of rare earth textures in Mg alloys in enhancing formability; and vi) increasing and tailoring properties in aerospace alloys through new combined high strain deformation and precipitation hardening treatments.

T2 Joining Advanced Light Alloys and Dissimilar Materials
Theme 2 has coupled process and microstructure models, to optimise, develop, and critically assess new techniques for welding light alloys and dissimilar materials and, in particular, address the critical issue of intermetallic (IMC) reaction in dissimilar welds, which normally leads to poor joint properties.

Notable successes include developing: i) ultra-rapid (<1s) friction spot welding with superior joint properties to incumbent processes; ii) new friction spot process for dissimilar welds that give equivalent properties to similar joints; iii) coupled weld-process-microstructure-property models for processes encompassing USW, FSSW, and laser welding; iv) a full understanding of the IMC reaction behaviour in Al, Mg, Ti, and steel weld combinations, and the factors that influence reaction kinetics under dynamic welding conditions; v) models to predict intermetallic reaction in dissimilar metal joints; vi) thermodynamic-based design of coatings to control IMC reaction in dissimilar metal-joints, leading to the highest strength Al-Mg spot weld yet reported; and vii) developing a cheaper more rapid method for the manufacture composite-titanium hyper-joints.

T3 Surface Engineering
Theme 3 has developed new 3D characterisation techniques across length scales and accelerated quantitative testing techniques, which have enabled an enhanced understanding of the effects of near-surface structures on corrosion initiation and propagation, as well as the intelligent design of new protection treatments.

Notable successes include: i) understanding the origin and effect of active, near-surface, deformed layers on cosmetic corrosion and surface appearance of coatings in high value products and ii) the development of supply chain quality-control techniques, based on this research; iii) development and industrialisation of REACH compliant tartaric-sulphuric acid anodizing; while iv) reducing the energy required for anodizing; v) developing multi-functional films with tailored pore structures to simultaneously improve protection and adhesion; vi) potential coating systems for heterogeneous materials, such as dissimilar joints; vii) nano-encapsualted inhibitors in self-healing coatings and viii) explaining the effects of the accumulation of trace elements on the corrosion behaviour of recycled alloys.
Exploitation Route Knowledge transfer has been actively facilitated through workshops and directly to industrial collaborators' best positioned to exploit the results.

Theme 1's fundamental work on crystal plasticity will be developed by Dr Fonseca, through an EPSRC Senior Fellowship application. Work on Ti has been exploited by Timet in recent alloy development, and Al warm forming by Constellium.

Theme 2's pre-competitive work on dissimilar joining has been publicised to UK industry. Weld modelling has been applied to blast performance with BAE and DSTL, and laser welding through EU-CleanSky programme LAWENDEL to develop a technology demonstrator (JTI-CS-2012-2-ECO-01-055). Research on AM will continue with further studentships, and expand with GKN and Rolls Royce support. Hyperjoint process knowledge has been transferred to Airbus.

Theme 3's work on anodic oxides has formed the basis for a large industry led, Innovate UK project (TS/K001981/1), on hexavalent chromium replacement. The accelerated testing methods developed are being used with Akzo Nobel and Unilever. A quality control system designed to avoid cosmetic corrosion of automotive sheet, based on LATEST2 research, is being implemented by Novelis.

We are applying for funding to develop new areas discovered in LATEST2, including on AM, combining high-strain deformation and ageing and self-healing coatings.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Transport

 
Description The most significant, and growing, areas of impact to date from LATEST2 are detailed below. These specific impacts are largely focused on manufacturing industries in the aerospace and automotive sectors, defence, and their related supply chains, both in the UK and internationally. The topics listed are already contributing to the competitiveness of important international and UK-based companies involved in producing high-value-added products and will result in an overall lower future environmental impact from transport. Contact details for the industrial collaborators cited are available upon request. 1. Fundamental work on the effect of aluminium on the deformation mechanisms in titanium alloys (PhD 2011-14) has contributed to two new titanium alloys with higher performance and greater formability than Ti64 being developed and recently registered by Timet (2015); Timetal407, Timetal575. 2. LATEST2 research on the processing of magnesium extrusion alloys for aircraft seat applications (PhD 2013), with Magnesium Electron (MEL), has led to 2015 FAA approval and the development of a new seat product utilising an advanced magnesium alloy, which will ultimately lead to significant weight saving in aircraft. 3. Industrially funded projects on modelling of microstructure and stress corrosion cracking of high strength Al-forgings with Otto Fuchs, Germany, has led to more consistent products with considerable cost savings, and has contributed to solving wing manufacturing issues experienced by Airbus UK. 4. Research on understanding process-quality relationships in new additive manufacturing technologies, such as component heterogeneity and defect content, (2010 - on going) has significantly influenced Airbus Group Innovation's development programme for accelerating deployment of AM for manufacturing aerospace components. This activity has now been expanded (2014) to provide similar support to Rolls Royce in developing AM BLISK repair procedures for the Trent 700 XWB engine. 5. Work to demonstrate the feasibility of near-net-shape taper rolling of aluminium products with Primetal Technologies (PhD 2011-15) has reached the stage of conducting taper rolling plant trials (2015). 6. Collaboration with DSTL and BAE systems on blast and corrosion performance of welded joints has contributed to recommendations for new repair procedures for the army's lightweight aluminium-fighting vehicles (Warrior; RAM-D programme 2015) and influenced the manufacture of future vehicles. 7. Work on laser welding new 'unweldable' Al-Li airframe alloys (EC project 2013-15) has led to the development of a demonstrator panel fuselage component, which is being evaluated for application by Hellenic Aerospace Industries (2015). 8. Work on composite-metal hyper joints with Airbus UK (PhD 2010-14), has led to a new potential low cost solution for manufacturing titanium hyper pin arrays by micro welding (2014). 9. Building on a long term relationship between LATEST and Magnesium Electron, where Manchester research has supported their development of new alloys, Magnesium Electron launched their first commercial bio-resorbable Mg product in 2012, 'SynerMagTM', involving a £1.5M investment in UK production facilities. This alloy is now being used to trial the first commercial bioresorbable magnesium stents. 10. New, chromate free, REACH compliant surface anodizing treatments for aluminium airframe products developed within LATEST2 (2010-2015), are now (2016) undergoing pilot scale commercial trials in collaboration with a large industrial consortium, including GE, RR, BAE Systems, Messier Dowty, Agusta Westland, Aero Engine Controls, Indestructible Coatings, Bombardier, Monitor Coatings, Ashton and Moore, and Poeton Industries, with excellent early results. The work in LATEST2 has also demonstrated modified process conditions that can achieve energy savings of 40%, over the anodizing cycle. Further, the processes developed can be used to tailor the morphology, composition, and structure of anodic films in order to provide desirable optical properties, corrosion resistance and the ability to bond with organic coatings, adhesives and composite materials. 11. Research by LATEST2 (Projects 2010-15) has identified the source of cosmetic corrosion issues on aluminium alloy automotive products. This has traced the cause to intermittent activated surface regions on rolled sheet products. Work has revealed two types of activated near-surface deformed layers and their evolution mechanism. Based on these findings, a screening technique has been developed with Novelis for production line quality control, which has now been deployed (2015) with a large reduction in scrap rates. Related work with Sapa Group has also explained similar cosmetic issues affecting customers on packaging and extrusion products. 12. Work on the corrosion tolerance of relatively high levels of impurities in recycled alloys (2010-14) has helped in the development of closed-loop recycling for low carbon vehicles at JLR; who have a target of using 80% recycled material in new products to reduce costs and greenhouse gas emissions. 13. LATEST2 expertise in the application of manual in-chamber serial microtome sectioning, for the 3D tomographic reconstruction of subsurface microstructures, has been used to assist Gatan in the specification of a commercial automated, 3View, system for application to metal surfaces (2013). This important new technique has allowed unprecedented nanoscale 3D characterization of metallic materials over larger volumes than FIB, and has provided new insights into alloy degradation mechanism through precise determination of the corrosion propagation path and local anode and cathode. The knowledge created in this area has been exploited by industry (Alcan and Sapa Group) in the development of more corrosion resistant alloys.
First Year Of Impact 2011
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Transport
Impact Types Economic

 
Description programme grant
Amount £4,827,337 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R001715/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 10/2022
 
Description Advanced wrough magnesium alloys 
Organisation Deakin University
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Modelling expertise, magnesium alloy expertise
Collaborator Contribution Hosted academic/PhD student, Sent Academic visitor (6 months) to The University of Manchester and provided access to equipment/expertise
Impact The collaboration new alloys development and five journal publications 1. "Effect of particles in promoting twin nucleation in a Mg-5 wt.% Zn alloy" doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2010.06.026 2. "Effect of precipitate shape on slip and twinning in magnesium alloys" doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2010.11.060 3. "Effect of precipitate shape and habit on mechanical asymmetry in magnesium alloys" doi:10.1007/s11661-012-1466-0 4. "Contribution of twinning to low strain deformation in a Mg alloy" doi:10.1007/s11661-013-2029-8 5. "Influence of orientation on twin nucleation and growth at low strains in a magnesium alloy" doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2014.07.013
Start Year 2010
 
Description Aluminium Alloy Development 
Organisation Otto Fuchs
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and research in microstructural and corrosion performance characterization, modelling
Collaborator Contribution Direct researcher funding (PDRA and PhD student), materials, industrial expertise and time in-kind
Impact The work has influenced new aluminium alloy development
Start Year 2013
 
Description Aluminium Product Surface Finishing Control 
Organisation SAPA
Country Norway 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and research on corrosion mechanism, anodizing and surface treatments
Collaborator Contribution Direct researcher support (PDRA), supply of samples and materials and provided industrial expertise and time in-kind
Impact The research has influenced surface finishing techniques and outputs include 3 journal publications 1. "Anodizing of AA6063 aluminium alloy profiles: Generation of dark appearance" 2. "The Origin of Streaks on Anodized Aluminium Alloy Extrusions" 3."Discoloration of anodized AA6063 aluminium alloy"
Start Year 2010
 
Description Blast performance of welded joints in armoured vehicles and repair technologies 
Organisation BAE Systems
Department BAE Systems Military Air & Information
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Research investigations of blast performance of welded aluminium joints in armoured vehicles and investigation into improved repair technologies
Collaborator Contribution Direct financial support, supply of materials, use of facilities and provided industrial expertise.
Impact Technical reports and metallurgical input into key defence procurement and repair decisions on survivability
Start Year 2012
 
Description Control of cosmetic corrosion of aluminium alloy wheels with powder coatings 
Organisation AkzoNobel
Department AkzoNobel UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Intellectual and research outputs on corrosion protection coatings
Collaborator Contribution Researcher support (PDRA and PhD student), Expertise and in-kind time
Impact The work is influencing their thinking on corrosion protective coatings
Start Year 2010
 
Description Corrosion control of automotive heat exchangers 
Organisation Rio Tinto Alcan
Country Canada 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and research on corrosion mechanism of heat exchanger alloys
Collaborator Contribution Direct researcher support (PhD Student) , Supply of samples and materials, industrial expertise and time in-kind
Impact The work has influenced heat exchange alloys and outputs including the following publication "Effect of Microstructure on the Corrosion Behaviour of Extruded heat Exchanger Alloys",
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dissimilar welding (multi-materials) 
Organisation Novelis
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Extensive investigation into friction welding, material interactions, modelling and process development
Collaborator Contribution Supply of Materials and industrial expertise
Impact Optimisation of welding technologies for dissimilar joining, weld models, new joining techniques; numerous publications; 1 "Effect of Interfacial Reaction on the Mechanical Performance of Steel to Aluminum Dissimilar Ultrasonic Spot Welds" DOI: 10.1007/s11661-015-3179-7 2. A. Reilly, HR Shercliff, Yi-C Chen, P.B. Prangnell, Modelling and visualisation of material flow in friction stir spot welding, J Mater Processing Technology, 225 (2015) pp. 473-484. 3. "Modelling of intermetallic compounds growth between dissimilar metals" DOI: 10.1007/s11661-015-3037-7. 4. "Stationary shoulder FSW for joining high strength aluminum alloys" doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2015.02.015 5. "Modelling of the Thermal Field in Dissimilar Alloy Ultrasonic Welding" ,DOI 10.1007/s11665-014-1342-8 6. "Microstructural characterization and mechanical properties of high power ultrasonic spot welded aluminum alloy AA6111-TiAl6V4 dissimilar joints" , DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar.2014.09.001 "Dissimilar metal laser spot joining of steel to aluminium in conduction mode ",DOI 10.1007 7. "The Effectiveness of Surface Coatings on Preventing Interfacial Reaction During Ultrasonic Welding of Al to Mg, Doi:_10.1007/s11661-013-1928-zJ 8. "The Effect of a Paint Bake Treatment on Joint Performance in Friction Stir Spot Welding AA6111-T4 Sheet Using a Pinless Tool" 9. "HAZ development and accelerated post-weld natural ageing in ultrasonic spot welding aluminium 6111-T4 automotive sheet" doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2012.01.047. 10. "The effect of High Strain Rate Deformation on Intermetallic Reaction during Ultrasonic Welding Aluminium to Magnesium" ; DOI 10.1016/j.msea.2012.06.055 11. "Modelling Intermetallic Phase formation in Dissimilar Metal Ultrasonic Welding of Aluminium and Magnesium Alloys" , DOI: 10.1179/1362171812Y.0000000032. 12. "Interface structure and bonding in abrasion circle friction stir spot welding: A novel approach for rapid welding aluminium alloy to steel automotive sheet" DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2012.03.017. 13. "Effect of Zinc Coatings on Joint Properties and Interface Reaction in Aluminium to Steel Ultrasonic Spot Welding" DOI: 10.1007/s11837-012-0265-9. 14. "Optimisation of Aluminium to Magnesium Ultrasonic Spot Welding" DOI: 10.1007/s11837-012-0268-6. 15. "HAZ development and accelerated post-weld natural ageing ultrasonic spot welding aluminium 6111-T4 automotive sheet" :DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2012.01.047. 16."Combined Approach to Microstructure Mapping of an Al-Li AA2199 Friction Stir Weld" 17. "Microstructure simulation and ballistic behaviour of weld zones in friction stir welds in high strength aluminium 7xxx plate ":DOI 10.1016/j.msea.2011.01.019 18. Ultrasonic Spot Welding of Aluminium to Steel for Automotive Applications :DOI: 10.1179/026708310X520484.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Durability of decorative anodised aluminium products and grain boundary precipitation of Al-Li alloys 
Organisation Constellium
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and research on characterisation, surface treatment and anodising of aluminium products
Collaborator Contribution Direct researcher support (PDRA and PhD Student), industrial expertise, supply of materials and time in-kind
Impact Outputs include journal publications and conference proceedings
Start Year 2012
 
Description EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Laser-based Production Processes, EP/K030884/1. 
Organisation Heriot-Watt University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise and research analysis of material interactions in laser processing
Collaborator Contribution Direct researcher (PDRA) funding and laser processing intellectual input
Impact Provided materials know how and time in-kind support. Outputs include the following joint publications; 1. "Dissimilar metal laser spot joining of steel to aluminium in conduction mode" 2. "Characterisation of Weld Zone Reactions in Dissimilar Glass-to-Aluminium Pulsed Picosecond Laser Welds", DOI: 10.1007/s00170-014-5802-y.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Electrochemistry / microstructural revelation and interogation of the manufacturing route of aluminium AA1050 
Organisation Bridgnorth Aluminium
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and investigative research involving electrochemistry and microstructural revelation and interrogation of the manufacturing route of aluminium AA1050
Collaborator Contribution Direct funding and in-kind support , industrial expertise and materials
Impact The work has influenced the companies thinking on the manufacturing route of aluminium AA1050
Start Year 2010
 
Description Environmentally-friendly surface treatment for protection of aluminium-lithium alloys 
Organisation Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Intellectual expertise and research on environmentally-friendly surface treatment of aluminium-lithium alloys for aerospace applications
Collaborator Contribution Direct funding for researcher (PDRA) and industrial expertise
Impact 1. "Continuous and Discontinuous Localized Corrosion of a 2xxx Alumnium-copper-lithium Alloy in Sodium Chloride Solution", doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.10.185; 2. 2. "The propagation of localized corrosion in Al-Cu-Li alloy", DOI 10.1002/sia.5890; 3. "Localized corrosion in AA2099-T83 aluminum-lithium alloy: the role of intermetallic particles", doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2015.05.037; 4. "FIB-SEM investigation on corrosion propagation of Al-Li alloy in sodium chloride solution" 5. "Microstructural modification arising from alkaline etching and their effect on anodizing behaviour of Al-Li-Cu alloy" 6. "Anodic Film Growth on Al-Li-Cu Alloy AA2099-T8"
Start Year 2014
 
Description Extensive investigation into friciton welding, material itneractions, modelling and process development 
Organisation Tata Steel Europe
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and extensive research investigation into friciton welding, material itneractions, modelling and process development
Collaborator Contribution Provided materials, industrial expertise and time in-kind
Impact The outputs from this collaboration include optimisation of welding technologies for dissimilar joining, weld models, new joining techniques; numerous publications; 1. "Effect of Interfacial Reaction on the Mechanical Performance of Steel to Aluminum dissimilar Ultrasonic Spot Welds", doi:10.1007/s11661-015-3179-7 2. "Modelling and visualisation of material flow in friction stir spot welding" 3. "Modelling of intermetallic compounds growth between dissimilar metals", DOI: 10.1007/s11661-015-3037-7. 4. "Modelling of the Thermal Field in Dissimilar Alloy Ultrasonic Welding", DOI: 10.1007/s11665-014-1342-8 5. "Dissimilar metal laser spot joining of steel to aluminium in conduction mode", DOI: 10.1007 6. "Interface structure and bonding in abrasion circle friction stir spot welding: A novel approach for rapid welding aluminium alloy to steel automotive sheet", DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2012.03.017. 7. "Effect of Zinc Coatings on Joint Properties and Interface Reaction in Aluminium to Steel Ultrasonic Spot Welding"' DOI: 10.1007/s11837-012-0265-9. 8. "Ultrasonic Spot Welding of Aluminium to Steel for Automotive Applications - Microstructure and Optimisation", DOI: 10.1179/026708310X520484. Plus Several Conference Proceedings 11. "Friction Spot Welding Dissimilar Materials with Rapid Cycle Times, Thermec 2011, Quebec, Canada, (Invited). 12." Controlling Interfacial Reaction During Dissimilar Metal Welding of Aluminium Alloys 13. "Effect of Grain Boundary Diffusion on Growth Kinetics of Intermetallic Compounds Between Al alloys and Other Alloys" 14 "Influence of Galvanized Coatings on Abrasion Circle Friction Stir Spot Welding Aluminium to Steel for Automotive Applications" 15. "Grain Structure Evolution in Alumnium to Steel Ultrasonic Spot Welding" 16. "Thermal Modelling of Al-Al and Al-Steel friction Stir Spot Welding" 17. "Novel Approaches to Modelling Metal flow in Friction Stir Spot Welding". 18. ,"Interface Structure and Bonding In Rapid Dissimilar FSSW of Al to Steel Automotive Sheet" 19. "Abrasion Circle Friction Spot Welding for Rapid FSSW Al to Steel Automotive Sheet", 17. "Effect of Zinc Coatings on Joint Properties and Interface Reaction in Aluminium to Steel Ultrasonic Spot Welding"
Start Year 2010
 
Description Friction stir welding, laser welding of aerospace aluminium alloys 
Organisation Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Department Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Modelling expertise, microstructural characterization
Collaborator Contribution Researcher support (PhD student), supply of materials and access to equipment facilities
Impact The collaboration has resulted in three joint journal publications and an industrial demonstrator produced a new welding approach
Start Year 2010
 
Description Ion Beam Analysis 
Organisation University of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution LATEST2 Researcher time to visit the facility, conduct the Ion Beam Analysis and interrogate the results
Collaborator Contribution Provided access to the Ion Beam facility and instrumentation expertise
Impact The Ion Beam Analysis that has been conducted at The University of Paris has contributed to over 25 journal publications
Start Year 2010
 
Description Magnesium alloy development 
Organisation Magnesium Elektron
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Novel alloys, new approaches to magnesium alloy development, alloy evaluation
Collaborator Contribution Directly funded research student and provided materials, expertise and time in-kind
Impact The collaboration has resulted in new alloy development and over ten journal publications
Start Year 2010
 
Description Metallurgical Input into developing Additive Manufacturing Technologies for Aerospace 
Organisation Airbus Group
Department EADS Innovation Works
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Provided expertise and conducted extensive research on AM materials issues related to Titantium involving 3 PhD Projects as detailed below: 1. Qualification of the EBM Wire Fed Process for Manufacture with Ti6AI4V'3. 2. Fundamentals of Integrating Deformation with Wire Arc Additive Manufacture 3. Microstructure and Property Relationships in AM Titanium Deposits
Collaborator Contribution Direct researcher student support, industrial expertise, samples and materials and time in-kind
Impact The research outcomes include metallurgical understanding of microstructure, texture and defects in AM components across build platforms. Relationships to process, material and process variables. Acceleration of Qualification of AM technologies by Airbus. Range of publications including: 1."The Effectiveness of Hot Isostatic Pressing for Closing Porosity in Titanium Parts Manufactured by Selective Electron Beam Melting" 2. "Effect of Build Geometry on Texture and Grain Structure Development in Additive Layer Manufacture (ALM) of Ti-6Al-4V" 3. " Integration of Deformation with Ti AM for Improved ß Grain Structure and Texture 4. "EBSD Analysis to Understand Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing) in Titanium" 5. "The Effectiveness of Combining Rolling Deformation with Wire-Arc Additive Manufacture on ?? 6. "Grain Refinement and Texture Modification in Ti-6Al-4V Materials Characterization 7. "XCT Analysis of the Influence of Process Parameters on Defect Population in Ti-6Al-4V Components Manufactured by Selective Electron Beam Melting" 8. "Effect of build geometry on the ß-grain structure and texture in additive manufacture of Ti6Al4V by selective electron beam melting, Materials Characterization, DOI 10.1016/j.matchar.2013.07.012. 9. "Effect of microstructure on the tensile strength of Ti6Al4V specimens manufactured using Additive Manufacturing Electron Beam Process" 10. " In-situ High Temperature EBSD analysis of the effect of a deformation Step on the Alpha to Beta Transition in Additive Manufactured Ti6Al4V" 11. "Predicting the Influence of Porosity on the Fatigue Performance of Titanium Components Manufactured by Selective Electron Beam Melting" 12 ".Automated Multi-Scale Microstructure Heterogeneity Analysis of Selective Electron Beam Melted TiAl6V4 Components, DOI: 10.1002/9781119093466.ch54 13. " Integration of Deformation Processing with Additive Manufacture of Ti-6Al-4V Components for Improved ß Grain Structure and Texture, Additive Manufacturing", DOI: 10.1002/9781119093466.ch55 14 "Assessment by X-ray CT of the Effects of Geometry and Build Direction on Defects in Titanium ALM parts, DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar.2015.02.008 15. "Effect of Wall Thickness on Grain Structure and Texture during Additive Layer Manufacturing Ti-6Al-4V by Electron Beam Selective Melting, Technology developments in Titanium 2011 Rotherham, UK, Poster - Prize the overall winner of the AEM Futures Poster session. 16. "Influence of Build Geometry on Beta Grain Structure and Texture during Additive Layer Manufacture (ALM) of Ti-6Al-4V by Electron Beam Selective Melting" 17. "Effect of Wall Thickness Transitions on Texture and Grain Structure in Additive Layer Manufacture (ALM) of Ti-6Al-4V, doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.706-709.205.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Metallurgy of Titanium Composite Hyper-Joints 
Organisation Airbus Group
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Provide expertise and conduct research on Metallurgy of Titanium Composite Hyper-Joints
Collaborator Contribution Provided researcher support (PhD), industrial expertise, time in-kind and research materials and samples
Impact Metallurgical assessment of options for hyper-pin manufacture, new technology for attaching forged hyper-pins; plus the following publication output; 1. " Mechanical and Microstructural Characterization of Percussive Arc Welded Hyper-Pins for Titanium to Composite Metal Joining"
Start Year 2010
 
Description Microstrutural development in new Ti alloys 
Organisation Timet UK Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and researcher time (PDRA and PhD student) and investigation of microstructure of new Titanium Alloys
Collaborator Contribution Provided direct support for PhD student and very significant time in kind and research samples and materials
Impact The research undertaken has influenced titanium alloy development and outputs include 2 journal publications and 2 conference papers
Start Year 2010
 
Description Nanotomography of sensitized/stabilized AA5xxx series aluminium alloys 
Organisation United States Naval Research Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Expertise and research investigation using Nanotomography of sensitized/stabilized AA5xxx series aluminium alloys
Collaborator Contribution Direct researcher support (PDRA) and industrial expertise and time in-kind
Impact Research outputs include 1. "In-service sensitization of a microstructurally heterogeneous AA5083 alloy", Doi: 10.1002/maco.201508507 2. "Effect of low temperature sensitization on the susceptibility to intergranular corrosion in AA5083 aluminium alloy", doi: 10.1002/maco.201508589
Start Year 2012
 
Description Near surface microstructure characterisation, anodising and surface treatment 
Organisation Novelis Global Research and Technology Center
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and research on near-surface microstructure charaterisation, surface treatment, anodising
Collaborator Contribution Directly supported researchers (3 PhD Students), provided samples and materials and provided industrial expertise and time in kind
Impact The outputs include several journal publications 1. "Near-Surface Deformed Layers on Rolled Aluminium Alloys" 2. "Evolution of Near-Surface Deformed Layers on AA3104 Aluminium Alloy" 3. "Near-surface Microstructure on Twin-roll Cast 8906 Aluminium Alloy", Doi: 10.1007/s11661-015-2877-5; 4. "Delamination of Near-Surface Layer on Cold Rolled AlFeSi Alloy during Sheet Forming", doi:10.1016/j.matchar.2014.11.011; 5 "Microstructure Evolution in the Near-surface Region during Homogenization of a Twin-roll Cast AlFeMnSi Alloy"
Start Year 2011
 
Description Near-Net-Shape and Property Tailoring in Rolled Aerospace Products 
Organisation Primetals technologies ltd
Country Unknown 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and researcher (PhD student) to conduct the research on near-net shape and property tailoring in rolled aerospace products
Collaborator Contribution Directly supported PhD student and provided industrial expertise, materials and time in-kind
Impact Demonstration of i) the; feasibility of near-net-shape rolling products such as tapered wing skins; ii) that extending pre-deformation prior to ageing can be exploited so that the properties can be improved and locally tailored within products
Start Year 2011
 
Description REACH compliant strategies for aerospace corrosion provention 
Organisation BAE Systems
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and intellectual research outputs on alternative REACH compliant surface treatments and anodizing
Collaborator Contribution Researcher support (PhD student), samples and materials and industrial expertise
Impact The work is providing insights into REACH compliant surface treatment solutions for the aerospace sector
Start Year 2015
 
Description Real time transmission electron microscopy studies using FEI ETEM 
Organisation FEI company
Department FEI United Kingdom
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Metallurgical expertise and knowledge transfer
Collaborator Contribution Provided significant in-kind support including a 5 year service contract, an FEI research fellow to operate the microscope and microscopy and equipment expertise
Impact The research has produced new insights and understanding with several journal publications and conference proceedings
Start Year 2010
 
Description Suppression of the formation of fayalite (Fe2SiO4) 
Organisation POSCO - South Korea
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Provided expertise and research outputs on surface reactivity
Collaborator Contribution Provided direct researcher support (PDRA), provided samples and materials and industrial expertise and time in kind
Impact The work has influenced manufacturing surface treatment
Start Year 2014
 
Description Warm formability of high strength aluminium alloys 
Organisation Constellium
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and conducted research into the warm formability of high strength aluminium alloys
Collaborator Contribution Direct PhD student support, industrial expertise and time in-kind plus samples
Impact Research student graduated with a PhD and produced a conference proceeding
Start Year 2011
 
Description research on surface treatment, anodising and metallic coatings 
Organisation Airbus Group
Department Airbus Operations
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Provide expertise and conduct research on surface treatment, anodising and metallic coatings including the following specific projects: 1. Environmentally-Friendly Novel Coatings for Aerospace Alloys 2. Surface Integrity of Aerospace Aluminium Alloys 3. Verification of the Removal of up-Stream Flaw Detect Process
Collaborator Contribution Provide direct researcher support (3 PhD Students) Support, provide industrial expertise and provided samples and materials as well as time in- kind
Impact Research outputs include the following journal publications 1."Novel Environmentally-Friendly Coatings for Aerospace Alloys" 2. "Distribution of Intermetallics in an AA 2099-T8 Aluminium Alloy Extrusion 3. "Discontinuities in the Porous Anodic Film Formed on AA 2099-T8 Aluminium Alloy 4. "Single-step Fabrication of Metal Nanoparticle Loaded Mesoporous Alumina Through Anodizing of a Commercial Aluminium Alloy" 5. "Grain Stored Energy and the Propagation of IGC in AA2xxx Aluminium Alloys 6. "Surface texture formed on AA2099 Al-Li-Cu alloy during alkaline etching" 7."The Impact of Machining on the Corrosion Behaviour of AA7150-T651Aluminium Alloy"
Start Year 2010
 
Description Advanced Tools for Characteristation Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact International conference - Advanced Tools for Characteristation - held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Airbus - Wings of the Future 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited technology expert (talk and film about the future of flight by Airbus) for knowledge exchange transfer and future research planing within the LATEST2 research team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Airbus Family Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The audience engaged with the activities being run, and this resulted in discussion around the topic of materials for light-weighting.

This activity led to an increase in the number of visits to the LATEST website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description BP Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact International conference held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Build a Beam workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The talk and practical activities we ran led to the audience becoming engaged with the topic of designing lightweight and stiff components, and resulted in discussions and questions around this topic, and also about materials science and attending university in general.

A number of students who attended the workshop, requested information about other future activities they could be involved with, and further details about studying materials science at University. The teachers who attended the workshop requested to be added to out mailing list to be kept up to date about future events. When surveyed, students reported an increased understanding of materials science and it's applications. The majority of students reported an increased interest in attending university following the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014,2015
 
Description Cheltenham Science Festival - Discover Zone 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The activities successfully engaged the audience, attendees enjoyed being able to get hands-on with the different demonstrations we were running. Activities generated discussions between the demonstrators and the audience memebers, and led to questions around the topic of materials science and light-weighting.

Through this event, we developed a number of contacts with teachers, who requested to be added to our mailing list to be kept up to date about future activities. A number of school students commented that it had changed their perception on materials science, and they had learnt about new applications for the subject, some people also expressed an interest in finding out more about the subject.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015
 
Description Discover Engineering Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This event resulted in students receiving information about engineering courses at the University of Manchester, it prompted discussions and questions around the topic, and gave students the opportunity to find out more about the courses and careers available.

After the Discover Days, a significant number of attending students then went on to apply to study a course within the Engineering and Physical Sciences Faculty at the University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014
 
Description Dr Wajira Mirihanage - guest seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited technology expert guest lecture for knowledge exchange transfer and future research planing within the LATEST2 research team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Dragonfly Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The activities we ran engaged the female students, and encouraged them to consider careers and study in engineering, they also resulted in discussions about the subject.

After the activity, some of the class teachers contacted us to report that the pupils who had attended were now showing a greater interest in science at school.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013
 
Description Exhibition stand at EPSRC Manufacturing the Future Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Exhibition stand at EPSRC Manufacturing the Future Event held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Future Challenges Road-mapping workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact International workshop held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Headstart Summer School - Build a Beam Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The activities sparked questions and discussions, and increased student's understanding of what materials science is, and of important properties to consider when designing a component for a specific application.

Following the activity, students reported an increased interest in materials science and attending University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2011,2012,2013,2014
 
Description IET Christmas Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The activity led to attending students gaining information about careers and courses available in materials science, and finding out more about the subject, and resulted in discussions around this.

After the activity we had requests for further information about the courses available, and some of the attending teachers also requested to be added to our mailing list to be kept up to date about future activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description IOM3 Open day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The open day activities prompted discussions around the topic of materials science and courses and careers in this area. The day also resulted in students becoming more informed about this area.

After the open days a number of students requested further information about studying materials science in manchester, and other engagement activities they could take part in.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2011,2012,2013,2014
 
Description Jodrell Bank Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The activities we ran led to the audience thinking more about applications for and the importance of materials science. They generated discussions, and the demonstrators running the activities gained an insight in to the public's opinions on the topics being discussed.

After the activities, a number of people asked for details of websites they could visit or people they could contact for more information. People also requested details of any future activities they could take part in.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2013
 
Description Joining Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact International joining conference held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description LATEST Showcase Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact International LATEST2 showcase conference held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description LATEST2 + IOM3 Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited technology expert guest lecture for knowledge exchange transfer and future research planing within the LATEST2 research team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description LATEST2 Christmas Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited technology expert guest lecture for knowledge exchange transfer and future research planing within the LATEST2 research team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description LATEST2 Engineering Materials Summer School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Over the course of the Summer Schools, the attending students engaged in a variety of practical workshops, attended lectures and visited engineering companies. All of these activities engaged students with materials science and engineering, and prompted discussions and questions around the topic, and resulted in them learning more about the subject and becoming more engaged with it.

When surveyed after the event, the majority of students reported an increased interest in materials science and in attending University. All students commented on the many new things they had learnt about the subject. We also received requests for further information about the subject and studying it at University. A small number of students who attened the summer school, also returned to the University in subsequent years to do work experience in the materials science department.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2011,2012,2013,2014
URL http://www.latest2.manchester.ac.uk/events/schools/
 
Description LATEST2 Launch Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact LATEST2 launch event held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description LATEST2 Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description LATEST2 Ultimate Car Challenge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The activity resulted in students gaining an increased understanding of materials science and it's applications to transport engineering, and about careers and courses available in engineering, and what this subject is really like. Activities prompted discussions around the topic of light-weighting materials and car design, and resulted in students gaining practical design and building skills. The activities also resulted in the demonstrators who were running the event, gaining public engagement skills.

When surveyed at the end of the events, an increased number of students said they would be interested in a career or study in materials science and engineering. Students also reported an increased interest in higher education. Compared to the data from the start of the project, at the end, an increased number said they thought materials science was an interesting subject, and that they thought it was important to develop light-weight materials to help make transport more environmentally friendly (which was a key message of the project). Students also showed a more positive attitude toward engineering in general. At the end of the activity, we also had developed a group of engineering post-grad students who were skilled at carrying out public engagement activities, and were willing and able to be involved with these activities again in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://www.ultimatecarchallenge.co.uk/
 
Description LATEST2 Ultimate Car Challenge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The activity resulted in students gaining an increased understanding of materials science and it's applications to transport engineering, and about careers and courses available in engineering, and what this subject is really like. Activities prompted discussions around the topic of light-weighting materials and car design, and resulted in students gaining practical design and building skills. The activities also resulted in the demonstrators who were running the event, gaining public engagement skills.

When surveyed at the end of the events, an increased number of students said they would be interested in a career or study in materials science and engineering. Students also reported an increased interest in higher education. Compared to the data from the start of the project, at the end, an increased number said they thought materials science was an interesting subject, and that they thought it was important to develop light-weight materials to help make transport more environmentally friendly (which was a key message of the project). Students also showed a more positive attitude toward engineering in general. At the end of the activity, we also had developed a group of engineering post-grad students who were skilled at carrying out public engagement activities, and were willing and able to be involved with these activities again in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://www.ultimatecarchallenge.co.uk/
 
Description LATEST2 seminar (internal) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Local LATEST2 knowledge transfer and future research planning for the LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014
 
Description LCV cenex 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact International " Low Carbon Vehicle Conference" held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Light Metals Technology Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact International workshop tackling industry issues and challenges relating to aluminium and magnesium - held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Manchester Teen Tech 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The activities we ran successfully engaged the audience and sparked discussions around the topic of materials science and its applications.

The activities were all rated highly by the audience when evaluated, and the attending teachers commented, that they felt that they had engaged students and increased their interest in science and engineering.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.teentech.com/
 
Description Multi-Material Structures conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact International conference held for knowledge transfer and future research planning for LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Physics at Work 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Pupils enjoyed the activity and learnt something about LATEST and the EPSRC. Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Pupils expressed an interest in participating in further events
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Professor Matthew Barnett - guest seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited technology expert guest lecture - Magnesium Alloys for Efficient Extrusion - for knowledge exchange transfer and future research planing within the LATEST2 research team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Professor Vadim Silberschmidt - guest seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited technology expert guest lecture for knowledge exchange transfer and future research planing within the LATEST2 research team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description School Mailout 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The mailout resulted in schools across the country receiving information about the outreach activities and events we were running.

As a result of the mail-out we successfully recruited teachers and pupils to take part in the following activities: Ultimate Car Challenge, Engineering Materials Summer School and Build a Beam workshop. We were successful in recruiting our target number of attendees for all of these activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2015
 
Description School Visit - Various local schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The schools visits resulted in discussions around the topic, and in students learning more about materials science.

Following on from the visits, a number of teachers asked to be involved in future outreach activities, we also had some students who then went on to attend our engineering materials summer school, and requests for further information about materials science courses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014
 
Description Seminar as part of LATEST2 Advisory Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Regional LATEST2 knowledge transfer and future research planning for the LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2015
 
Description Textures Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Regional LATEST2 knowledge transfer and future research planning for the LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Titanium Information Group Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact National LATEST2 knowledge transfer and future research planning for the LATEST2 research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description University of Manchester Science Fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The activities we were running successfully engaged the audience, and resulted in them thinking more about materials science and it's applications, and the demonstrators engaged the audience in discussions around the topic.

The event organisers evaluated the event, and all activities were rated very positively by the people attending, and the schools students also reported an increased interest in science and engineering.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014,2015
URL http://www.engagement.manchester.ac.uk/highlights/national_science_engineering_week/index.html
 
Description University of Manchester Science Spectacular Fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The activities we ran succesfully engaged the audience and sparked discussions around the topic.

When surveyed, the majority of audience members rated the activities as good or excellent. A number of people also took handouts containing further information, and enquired about future activities they could be involved with. People also commented on the new things they had learnt about materials science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014