Crime, Policing and Citizenship (CPC) - Space-Time Interactions of Dynamic Networks

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Civil Environmental and Geomatic Eng

Abstract

Crime continues to cast a shadow over citizen well-being in big cities today, while also imposing huge economic and social costs. Prevention, early detection and strategic mitigation are all critical to effective policy intervention, especially in domains where coordinated responses are required. Every day, about 10,000 incidents are reported by citizens, recorded and geo-referenced in the London Metropolitan Police Service Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) database. Today, impending funding cuts bring new pressures for central accountability and improved efficiency, while community empowerment initiatives bring new opportunities and challenges to policing. Timely understanding of how criminality emerges and how crime patterns evolve is crucial to anticipating crime, dealing with it when it occurs and developing public confidence in the police service. It is widely understood that policing, crime and public trust all have strong spatial and temporal dimensions. An integrated approach to space-time analysis is needed in order to analyse crime patterns, police activity patterns and community characteristics, so as to understand and predict the when, where and what of how criminal activities emerge and are sustained.

This research will consolidate achievements in integrated spatio-temporal data mining and emergent network complexity to uncover patterning in crime, policing and citizen perceptions at a range of spatial and temporal scales. Each dataset of police movement, crime (and disorder) reported in the CAD, and citizens making '999' calls constitutes a spatio-temporal network (STN), which has its own characteristic patterning and behaviour in space-time, and which interacts with the other STNs. The (geotagged) deployment of police manpower in space and time, the spatio-temporal patterning of crime and disorder, and the perceptions of members of the public are likely to be interlinked to differing extents. The first of these purportedly both anticipates and responds to the second, while the third is a lagged response to the first two, giving reason to anticipate that all three networks should be tightly coupled. The project will first analyse spatio-temporal patterns of individual STNs, then associate the patterns among these STNs via integrated spatio-temporal data mining developed using innovative statistical regression and machine learning.

This research will utilise a range of disciplines (crime, geography, geoinformatics, and computer science) to help engineer effective practical solutions to crime problems. It proposes a new method for exploring crime patterns and integrating information on crime and police activity. It systematically addresses a structured programme of analytical issues in spatio-temporal data mining, which are becoming core to Geographical Information Sciences. It will advance the theory, methodology and application of research into network complexity by evaluating the forms and interactions of the networks that characterise crime and other socio-economic phenomena. This will make it possible to not only understand activity networks but also to use them for prediction and decision making.

This addresses the aims of RCUK's Global Uncertainties Programme in crime, terrorism, and ideologies and beliefs. It will extend our appreciation of the subtle interplay of different forms of complex systems, in ways that will contextualise tactical and strategic responses to terrorism and organised crime. It will enable intelligent policing of London Met Police by granting unforeseen levels of prediction. The best practice of individual Metropolitan boroughs can be extended to others in the UK. The methodology developed here will be transferrable to other international cities using similar incident report systems. This will directly benefit people who live, work and visit London and those cities to make them feel safe.

Planned Impact

1. Government: London Metropolitan Police Service and policing policy makers
The industrial partner, London Metropolitan Police Service (MPS, with about 32,000 officers and 4,500 Support Officers), will directly benefit from the research as it addresses their operational and policy issues - providing 'the right service at the right price'. The intelligent allocation of police resource will make best use of their resources under the current budgetary requirement of achieving savings of 3% per annum (or £7.5 million).

It will help the individual Borough police forces to consider their activities as active or reactive, and to evaluate this balance in relation to neighbouring London Boroughs. It will help Borough police forces to think in terms of coordinated responses to outbreaks of different types of crime, based upon new understanding of spatio-temporal dynamics. It will contribute to best policing practice by providing detailed geographic analysis of crime patterns and public perceptions of crime. This in turn will stimulate wider debate by refocusing discussion of performance metrics away from clear-up rates alone to assessing how proactive policing can reduce citizen incident report numbers and encourage a more broadly based confidence in the police. In future this approach will allow links to be made on re-offending so that crime prevention can be targeted more sustainably and economically.

The research findings will be transferable to other potential end users elsewhere in the UK, particularly metropolitan areas such as Manchester and Liverpool. The findings will also be transferable to other international cities (such as Beijing, New York, Paris) that use similar incident reporting systems to improve their policing. The UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science (the first university department in the world devoted specifically to reducing crime) will be well equipped to use these findings to encourage best practice through its continuing professional dvelopment activities, and the National Crime Mapping Conference and International Crime Science Conference.

2. People: Citizens and local communities
Benefits for the police go hand in hand with improved citizen well-being for those who live and work within London (over 7.4 million), who wish to feel safe and secure. Improvements in timeliness, visibility and accountability of policing will improve confidence and engagement with the police service. It will also contribute towards making London's visitors (3.2 million in 2010, and the many more international visitors are expected for the 2012 Olympics) feel safer. The experience acquired in London will also be transferrable to other international cities. There will be direct benefits to the communities who join the participatory mapping exercises. Borough police will be able to adjust their resource according to the results of the local mapping to make neighbourhoods safer.

3. Social enterprises: Mapping for Change
Mapping for Change (MfC) is a social enterprise, jointly owned by UCL and the charity London 21 Sustainability Network. It specialises in community mapping, citizen science and participatory GIS. The organisation has so far worked in the area of environmental and social issues with communities across the UK. The proposed project will allow the organisation to develop its skills in engaging communities in mapping perceptions of crime and policing: a human subject that has not yet been addressed by MfC. This will also allow MfC to develop methods that can be used with police forces across the country to improve public understanding and engaging of police activities.

4. Software Industry
The innovative machine learning algorithms to be developed within the project, such as space-time ANN (STANN),support vector machines (STSVM) and space-time weighted regression (STWR) may be integrated with industry software for GIS (ESRI) and Data Mining (Matlab), or open source software (R).
 
Description A comprehensive definition of 'intelligent policing' has been developed. This represents a highly interdisciplinary consensus of the complex issues involved in digital policing, the ways in which new big data intelligence can contribute and support police and the interplay between crime, policing and citizens. This definition is a formalised and detailed statement of the core vision of the CPC project and is, to our knowledge, the most comprehensive and interdisciplinary overview of the problem area constructed to date. It naturally suggests areas in which new approaches, whether in the form of new analysis-derived insight, algorithms or software applications, can support and facilitate the everyday activities of the police.

Crime - Crime prediction methods must be straightforward to use, allowing police to determine the target locations and times of their patrols. Existing approaches proceed by dividing an area into grid squares and highlighting the most vulnerable. This isn't intuitive: a single grid square can contain many sections of road and officers are left uncertain of which areas really deserve their attention. CPC has developed road network-based prediction by combining aspects of machine learning and network theory. The new approach has two major advantages over existing approaches: (i) it is more accurate in terms of successfully predicting crime locations and (ii) it pinpoints hotspots more precisely than methods based on grid squares.

Policing - Coordinating the movements of multiple police units to cover at-risk locations as efficiently as possible is another big challenge. Using a cutting-edge intelligent patrol strategy, members of CPC have produced a tool to advise police on the most effective routes. It optimises police presence at high risk locations, responding to new crime developments in real-time, whilst ensuring that their routes are unpredictable to criminals. We have furthermore developed a comprehensive agent-based simulation of police vehicle movements. By analysing various scenarios this simulation allows us to test a wide range of hypotheses concerning aspects such as police route choices, response to emergency calls and the effect of police station closures. Finally, CPC has tackled the issue of whether police officers truly act upon the information they are given. Empirically, it is known that officers frequently ignore suggested patrolling routes. Using GPS tracking data from foot patrol movements, CPC have designed a process to analyse police patrol behaviour, and identify the routes under-patrolled.

Citizenship - Using data from the Public Attitude Survey, we have carried out a thorough analysis of the factors that affect public perception of the police within London. We are developing algorithms for small area estimation (safety neighbourhood) of pubic confidence. Interviews have been carried out with members of the police force, including two senior officials, and members of the public, in order to build a formal mind map representing the attitudes of the police and the public towards policing. It is envisaged that this work could directly influence policy, by modifying the design of the public confidence questionnaire that is administered by the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime (MOPAC).
Exploitation Route From an academic perspective, the outcomes of CPC represent several important contributions to the fields of crime science, spatiotemporal data modelling and mining, and applied network theory. The network-based models may also be applicable to road safety, the movement analysis methods have applications in movement ecology, and the cluster detection methods are related to indicators of disease outbreak.

A second key stakeholder is the London MPS, an industrial partner in the CPC project. To this end, we are currently running the software to generate network-based predictive maps for all Metropolitan Police boroughs in Greater London. Further prototype software of police performance evaluation and patrol coordination are planned for the implementations in MPS.

A third possible stakeholder is MOPAC, which should be able to take advantage of the mind maps of public confidence in policing into their 'Public Attitude Survey', a questionnaire designed to measure public perceptions of the police.

The findings of CPC will naturally be transferable to policing in other big cities in the UK, EU and world-wide.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Retail,Security and Diplomacy,Transport

URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/cpc
 
Description We have produced a CPC Project report which summarise the key points about intelligent policing in practise. It also summaries the key scientific contributions in crime prediction, policing behaviour analysis and performance evaluation. It also demonstrate the tools in a demo. The report is written in a layman languages so that practitioners could understand it easily. It is also downloadable on CPC website. The project will contribute in operational policing environments. These include the testing of a new predictive mapping algorithm, mind maps relating to the interaction of the police with the public, performance evaluation of officer patrol behaviour based on GPS traces and an intelligent patrol coordination algorithm. We anticipate that CPC will ultimately contribute to 'Digital Policing' through improved policing efficiency, higher crime capture rates, lower patrol costs and higher public confidence and satisfaction. Currently, the predictive mapping algorithm has been implemented in MPS, and is running for their daily operation, which are used by all the London Police Forces. A trial will developing with Kent Police, and possible in a major city in China
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Daily crime prediction mapping software integration within Metropolitan Police System
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description London Fire Brigade
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact A MSc study has been conducted to evaluate the best for fire engine in London by using their GPS tracks and the fire incident data.
 
Description Mind Map of General Public's Confidence in Policing
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Improve public confidence in policing is one of the key tasks of Met Police. However, the mind map of confidence in policing of general public is very different from met Police and policeman. So understanding such gap is important. This will be useful for MOPAC who is in charge of questionnaire of public attitude towards policing in London to review the design of the questionnaire.
 
Description Predictive Policing
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The tools generated by the Crime, Policing and Citizenship has been in trail with Metropolitan Police. The predictive crime heatmap will be used by London police force, and is in trail with Kent Police
 
Description Crime, Policing and Citizenship
Amount £46,539 (GBP)
Funding ID EPSRC IAA - M.2.19 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description Framework Programme 7: INFRARISK - Novel indicators for identifying critical INFRAstructure at RISK from Natural Hazards
Amount € 3,658,480 (EUR)
Funding ID 603960 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2013 
End 10/2016
 
Description IntelPol- Intelligen Policing
Amount £72,172 (GBP)
Funding ID D2U 2017-20 (9) 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 07/2018
 
Description Modelling and Prediction of Space-Time Distribution and Transition of Global Overseas Farmland Investment
Amount £12,000 (GBP)
Funding ID IE151186 
Organisation The Royal Society 
Department International Exchanges Scheme
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2018
 
Description Phase 2 ESRC Big Data Research Centres - Retail Business Datasafe
Amount £6,117,615 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/L011840/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2014 
End 02/2019
 
Description Prototype Project: Landslide susceptibility mapping in data-poor environments
Amount £9,587 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Department ESRC-DFID Joint Fund
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2015 
End 05/2015
 
Title A network based crime hotspot prediction 
Description A network-based crime hotspot prediction is able to pin down teh high risk crime along the road network instead of grid surface that are mostly developed in literature 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Metropolitan Police Service is using it daily to guid the patrolling in London 32 boroughs. 
URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10940-016-9321-x
 
Title A space-Time Bayesian method for small area estimation 
Description a Spce-Time Bayesian method has been developed to estimate the public confidence in policing in London which has achieved better forecasting accuracy than existing methods 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact It is reported in the Data for Policy conference in London 2017 
URL http://sae2017.ensai.fr/presentation/investigating-stability-confidence-policing-bayesian-spatiotemp...
 
Title Network-based space-time DBSCAN (2018) 
Description An innovative method to find hot spots in space-time at network segment level 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This will be extremely useful to analyse urban movement data 
 
Title Online Patrol Strategy 
Description An agent-based model to simulate the foot patrol officers to achieve a balanced and effective patrolling. 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We are expecting to implement it as a online tool to guide police patrolling 
 
Title Profiling urban places using social media data 
Description We develop a framework to derive name, boundaries and functions of urban space based upon geotagged social media data to improve the understanding of urban space 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This can be used for targeted advertisement 
URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19475683.2017.1382571
 
Title Social Media Data (Twitter Data) 
Description We collected geo-tagged twitters 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We use this datasets for our own research and use them for teaching MSc course - every year 25 students joined the course 
 
Description CDRC User Application 130: "The Beast from the East" - Visualising recent UK Weather Disruption 
Organisation University College London
Department Bartlett Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Processed and managed data access application and review process to CDRC SmartStreetSensor footfall data for Masters group (4 students) course project CDRC 130 "The Beast from the East" - Visualising recent UK Weather Disruption
Collaborator Contribution Submitted application to CDRC Safeguarded service for access to SmartStreetSensor footfall data for Masters group (4 students) course project CDRC 130 "The Beast from the East" - Visualising recent UK Weather Disruption
Impact CDRC approved project proposal and CDRC User Agreements. Analysis underway.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) 
Organisation Metropolitan Police Service
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution MPS is the industrial partner of the CPC. We are solving their daily operational issues under digital policing. Our crime hot spot prediction is running daily in MPS.
Collaborator Contribution MPS provide the data and expertise of policing to the CPC project.
Impact CPC is a disciplinary project, involving computer science, crime science, Geoinformatics and geography. Right now, we are testing a suit of algorithms for crime prediction, intelligent patrolling and performance evaluation with MPS.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Prof. Chris Brunsdon 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof. Chris Brunsdon was involved with the STANDARD project as a visiting fellow. Then he became an advisor of CPC. Now he is the external examiner of our MSc programme in STA.
Collaborator Contribution He is an advisor of CPC
Impact We have one joint journal publication.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Prof. Keith Clarke 
Organisation University of California, Santa Barbara
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof. Keith Clarke was involved with the STANDARD project as a visiting fellow.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Prof. Michael Goodchild 
Organisation University of California, Santa Barbara
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof. Michael Goodchild was involved with the STANDARD project as a visiting fellow.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Transport for London 
Organisation Transport for London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Transport for London were the industrial partners of the STANDARD project.
Collaborator Contribution TfL provide the data and the industrial insight
Impact We have a joint publication. We also develop a prototype system for TfL to visualise the journey time reliability during Olympic Game in London 2012
Start Year 2009
 
Title Agent-based Simulation of London Traffic 
Description This product could give live simulation of traffic formulation in central London with real road traffic, layout and capacity, and real origin and destination. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2012 
Impact The ABM simulation has been demonstrated in TfL. 
 
Title Daily crime prediction mapping application 
Description This software application generates maps showing the predicted variation in risk of crime by street segment, based on a novel model of the evolution of crime along a street network. It is designed to be used daily, or even more frequently, to generate maps that police officers can use to guide their patrolling patterns. The CPC project is integrating this application into the Metropolitan Police computer systems and it will run alongside their existing mapping application. 
Type Of Technology New/Improved Technique/Technology 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact As of March 2016, we have commenced the process of integrating the software with the Met Police system. Testing, carried out with historic crime data accessible from the UCL site, suggests that the algorithm has a much stronger predictive performance than existing solutions. A publication detailing the algorithm is under review. 
 
Title Group activity clustering based upon GPS data 
Description This software will group users based upon their GPS trajectory data 
Type Of Technology New/Improved Technique/Technology 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact This software has been used to analyse the behaviours of London foot patrol officiers 
 
Title Map Matching of AIS and GPS data 
Description This will align the AIS and GPS data (currently police movement data) to the road network so that their route and journeys and flows could eb analysed. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact This will be useful and openly available for anyone wants to matching the mobility data to maps. 
 
Title Network-based STDBSCAN 
Description It can generate hot spot along networks in space-time 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact We have used it analysing police movement data to uncover their behaviours 
 
Title Network-based crime hotspot daily prediction 
Description A web-based platform to predict and visualise the network-based crime hotspot daily prediction using historic crime data 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact It has been integrated with Metropolitan Police Service, in trial with Kent Police, in adaption in China 
 
Title Strategic tools for planning and evaluating patrolling behaviour 
Description The CPC project has created prototype software that implement two novel algorithms. The first uses an advanced patrolling algorithm to coordinate police patrol patterns across a large region, based on the predicted crime landscape and real time events. The second assesses whether the officers' patrolling routes follow the guidelines and represent an appropriate behavioural choice. Operational versions of both of these applications are planned for deployment with police officers responsible for strategic planning before the end of the project. 
Type Of Technology New/Improved Technique/Technology 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact As yet, the software is at proof-of-concept stage. However, a more comprehensive demonstration is planned. 
 
Title network based DBSCAN 
Description clustering high density places along road network 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact n.a 
 
Company Name SPACETIMEAI LTD 
Description This is spinout from SpaceTimeLab research outcome, especially the CPC's crime hotspot prediction 
Year Established 2019 
Impact Not yet
 
Description Science and Engineering South Consortium Event- Data Dialogue Series. Kings College London (Kate Bowers) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Kate Bowers gave a keynote address on " Crime Science: big data and big challenges. When Research Crosses Borders", which sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Adepeju, M., Cheng, T., Nakaya, T. (2013). Crime pattern detection for predictive policing. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact M. Adepeju presented details of his research within CPC at the Association of American Geographers 2014 Annual Meeting. Tampa, FL, USA.

The profile of the CPC project was elevated through dissemination of results and ongoing research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.aag.org/annualmeeting
 
Description Bowers K. and Davies, T. (5/15) Does everyday policing patrol reduce crime? Stockholm Criminology Symposium. Stockholm, Sweden. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bowers K. and Davies, T. (5/15) Does everyday policing patrol reduce crime? Stockholm Criminology Symposium. Stockholm, Sweden.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Bowers, K. (2/15) Understanding and Enhancing Modern Policing. Public lecture at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge Public Lecture Series. Cambridge, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bowers, K. (2/15) Understanding and Enhancing Modern Policing. Public lecture at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge Public Lecture Series. Cambridge, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Bowers, K. and Davies, T. (9/15) Does everyday policing patrol reduce crime? European Society of Criminology Conference Porto, Portugal. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bowers, K. and Davies, T. (9/15) Does everyday policing patrol reduce crime? European Society of Criminology Conference Porto, Portugal.
Conference presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Bowers, K.J. invited talk, February 2013, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffiths University, Brisbane, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Promotion of the CPC project. Discussion of the work with academics in related fields, in order to maximise the breadth, strength and utility of research outputs.

Improved awareness of the ongoing work within the CPC project. Improved collaborative links between CPC and the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffiths University, Brisbane, Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Broadcast Media: UK Big Data Mission to China 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I Joined UK Big Data Mission to China 2017 and received a letter of praise from the Department of International Trade. The mission involved a press conference with 25 leading Chinese publications, which led to over 240 Chinese big data companies for potential business leads. Additionally, over 50,000,000 media impressions and 3,000,000 RMB PR value 12 were generated through media activities, many of which were broadcast across some of China's key media outlets.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CPC Closing Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact About 150 audience coming from policing practitioners, senior commanders, researchers and companies joined the day event. It was a lively event with talks, live demos and panel debates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/spacetimelab/stlab-news-publication/CPC_Closing_Workshop
 
Description CPC members visit Wood Green Police Station to meet police analysts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A delegation of CPC project members spent half a day visiting the Wood Green Police Station in Camden, in order to meet the borough's crime analysts. The team produced some printed material to demonstrate their key research findings and show how their work might be used for operational purposes.

The analysts present also demonstrated how they operate and made valuable comments and suggestions about their vision for the CPC project outputs. They were in agreement that the project shows great promise to support police in their daily activities.

As a result of the meeting, the analysts became aware of the project and how it could be used to support them. In turn the CPC team gained a greater understanding of the daily routine and challenges faced by the MPS analysts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/cpc/?news=meeting-with-met-analysts
 
Description CPC members visit the Chief Superintendent of the London Borough of Barking & Dagenham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 17/03/2015, a delegation of CPC project members visited the Police Commander of the London Borough of Barking & Dagenham, Ch Supt Sultan Taylor, to participate in a meeting.

The conversation focused on assessing and improving public confidence in the police. PDRAs and PhD students were given the opportunity to ask questions and to explore how their tools might be used by police officers. Plans were made for further collaborations between the borough and the CPC project.

This meeting raised the profile of the CPC project by increasing awareness of it at a high strategic level within the Barking & Dagenham police force. Through ST's influence, this activity is expected to reach many hundreds of officers and police personnel in the borough and beyond.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/cpc/?news=barking-and-dagenham-borough-visit
 
Description Campus Visit (ChangAn University), XiAn, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact There are about 200 people (students and colleagues) from several universities in XiAn joined the seminar, and I also met the foreign affair officer of ChangAn University to discuss about possible collobration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Campus Visit (Huang Zhong University of Technology and Science) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 30 PG students of Economic Management joined the research seminar - "Space-Time Analytics for Smart Cities", which sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Campus visit (Wuhan University), Wuhan China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact There are 150 people (students and staff) joined the research seminar - "Space-Time Analytics for Smart Cities", which sparked questions and discussion afterwards, and there were several students asked about study MSc and PHD in UCL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Cheng, T. & Adepeju, M. (2013). Implications of the difference between the Prospective and Retrospective Space-time scan statistics. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact T. Cheng presented details of her research and that of her CPC student M. Adepeju at the 18th European Colloquium on Theoretical and Quantitative Geography, Dourdan, France.

The profile of the CPC project was elevated through dissemination of results and ongoing research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL https://www.dropbox.com/sh/8hxpaz2d1zqhmb7/AAAs79QLH9xAWRmAvyholduMa/CHENG_ADEPEJU.pdf?dl=0
 
Description Conducted interviews with the Metropolitan Police Assistant Commissioner and others 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A member of the CPC project conducted interviews on the theme of 'public perception of the police' with two high-ranking police officers and 10 members of the general public. The officers involved were Helen King (Assistant Commissioner) and David Stringer (Chief Superintendent of the Community Engagement Team).

The interviews will be used to generate a mind map, formally structuring public and professional attitudes towards the police. This will be used to inform police policy with the aim of improving public satisfaction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Crime Science, Crime Analysis and Crime Prevention Keynote Speech at 3rd Crime Prevention and Communities conference, Brisbane, Australia (Kate Bowers) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact around 100 public audience - lots of policy people and academics, the speech sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Crime Science, Crime Analysis and Crime Reduction. Keynote presentation to Leeds Institute for Data Analytics (LIDA) Seminar Series, Leeds, UK (Kate Bowers) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact probably also around 100 public audience- mainly staff and students, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Davies, T.P. & Bowers, K.J. (2014). Street network effects in crime and policing. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact T. Davies presented details of his research within CPC at the International Crime Science Conference 2014, London, UK.

The profile of the CPC project was elevated through dissemination of results and ongoing research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/jdi/events/crime-science-conf/icsc-current
 
Description Delegations from Guiyang Big Data Expo, China; Chinese Embassy and British Embassy - UK Innovation Section 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The delegates led by Deputy Major of Guiyang visited SpaceTimeLab - we presented our latest progress in big data analytics. The visit was accompanied by the Science & Technology Consular of the Chinese Embassy, and UK Innovation of British Embassy in China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Digital Shoreditch Panel debate on the talent gap for data skills - Hunting Data Science Unicorns, May 12th 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tao Cheng participated in an expert panel debate on the topic of recruiting data scientists. The event raised awareness of the projects she is involved with.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Distinguished Lecture , Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Dec 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact An invited lecture, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards, and plan for further collobration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Exhibition in New Science Live 2017, ExCel London, 28th Sep - Oct. 1st, 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We have live demonstration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://live.newscientist.com/new-scientist-live-2017?page=6
 
Description Exhibition in GeoBusiness 2018, May 22-23 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact We have live demo of the research projects of SpaceTimeLab
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.geobusinessshow.com/
 
Description Gale, C.G.. The public's attitude towards policing in London: A geodemographic perspective. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact C. Gale presented details of his research within CPC at the Association of American Geographers 2014 Annual Meeting. Tampa, FL, USA.

The profile of the CPC project was elevated through dissemination of results and ongoing research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.aag.org/annualmeeting
 
Description Gale, C.G.. Using geodemographics to profile the public perceptions of the Metropolitan Police Service. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact C. Gale presents his current research on geodemographics to a panel comprising industry professionals and academics.

The profile of the CPC project will be elevated through dissemination of results and ongoing research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://ukdataservice.ac.uk/eventsdocs/crimeuserconf8dec2014.aspx
 
Description GeoBusiness, Workshop - Research of highlights of Geospatial Data Processing and Big Data, May 27th 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Tao Cheng participated in a workshop on space-time data. The event raised awareness of the projects she is involved with.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Goodchild, M. seminar: Geographic Intelligence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This seminar and reception event was organised by CPC project members. It marked the launch of the SpaceTimeLab, led by Tao Cheng, to which all members of the CPC project belong. Prof. Mike Goodchild, UC Santa Barbara, gave a keynote address, followed by a reception and poster display, at which CPC posters were on display.

Since this was a launch event, the research aims of the SpaceTimeLab, and therefore the CPC project, were highlighted before the keynote. This was reinforced by the poster display. This event therefore elevated awareness of the CPC project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/cpc/?events=spacetimelab-launch
 
Description Home Office conference: Cutting Crime in a Changing World 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On 28th and 29th January 2015, multiple members of CPC were given the opportunity to attend the Home Office conference "Cutting Crime in a Changing World" and present posters detailing their work. The event was well attended by politicians and high-level policymakers in the fields of crime and justice, including the Permanent Secretary Mark Sedwill and the Minister for Policing, Criminal Justice and Victims, Mike Penning.

The CPC attendees heard interesting talks delivered by science and policy professionals and were able to speak to the attending delegates.

As a result, the profile and awareness of the project was elevated and it was brought to the attention of key policymakers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/news/international-crime-and-policing-conference-2015
 
Description Hosted Det Ch Inspector and police analysts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 26/11/2015, Detective Chief Inspector Andrew Packer of the London Borough of Camden visited the CPC project along with 2 police analysts. The visitors were shown demonstrations of three major CPC outputs relating to different facets of policing: predictive mapping, patrol behaviour evaluation and intelligent patrol guidance.

The guests made valuable contributions, commenting on their vision for the integration of the CPC outputs into operational policing.

As a result, the CPC project members were able to revise their demonstrations to make them even more relevant to the police requirements. In addition, this activity raised the profile of CPC and demonstrated that several of the project's outputs are at an advanced prototype stage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Hosted the Chief Superintendent of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chief Superintendent Sultan Taylor, the borough commander of the London Borough of Barking & Dagenham, visited the CPC project at UCL on 19/12/2014. Project members presented their research to him, with a focus on applications for operational policing.

ST made many valuable comments that helped to direct the project's outputs. This meeting also substantially raised the profile of the CPC project, by disseminating details of the research outputs to the top of the borough policing hierarchy. Through ST's influence, this activity is expected to reach many hundreds of officers and police personnel in the borough and beyond.

Among the topics discussed were the issue of confidence in the police and a potential collaboration with TfL to quantify crime risk on the road network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Hosted the Chief Superintendent of the London Borough of Camden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chief Superintendent BJ Harrington, the borough commander of the London Borough of Camden, visited the CPC project at UCL on 11/09/2014. Project members presented their research to him, with a focus on applications for operational policing.

BJH made many valuable comments that helped to direct the project's outputs. This meeting also substantially raised the profile of the CPC project, by disseminating details of the research outputs to the top of the borough policing hierarchy. Through BJH's influence, this activity is expected to reach many hundreds of officers and police personnel in the borough and beyond.

A follow-up letter was sent with specific action points. A key outcome of the meeting was that project members later joined police officers for 'ride-alongs'. BJH also shared his vision for how CPC's outputs might be incorporated to improve everyday operational policing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/cpc/?news=meeting-with-chief-superintendent-bj-harrington
 
Description Interview for Focus magazine (CBBC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact http://focus.cbbc.org/focus#features/innovators_in_the_uk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited Research Seminar by Leeds Big Data institue 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 50 people joined the research seminar - "space-Time Analytics for Total Policing", which was well received as rated the best talk of the day event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited Talk in Benoy, a famous architecture company 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Benoy invited me to present a seminar on "space-Time Analytics for Smart cities"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited Talk in University of St Andrews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact a research seminar, we also discuss about collaboration, and we submitted a joint application to NERC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited Talk in Wuhan Hi-Tech Economic Development Zone 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact More than 2000 people joint event, there is a widely news report of the event at the provincial level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited opening keynote speaker, European Commission DG REGIO Workshop: 'How can Regional Policy Benefit from Big Data? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Here I spoke about the merits of Big Data to provide new insights for regional policy; I also referenced some of the key work of the Consumer Data Research Centre and some of its outputs since the grant started.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited talk in Imperial College, February 9th 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited research seminar, sparked questions and discussion afterwards, and possible further collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited talk, First Transport for London Research Forum, Space-Time Analytics of Smart Card Data for an Improved Understanding of the City and Citizens, Sept, 11th 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tao Cheng delivered an invited talk at this event, whose participants included members of government and practitioners. Her talk covered aspects of all the major projects she is involved with (CPC, Retail Business Datasafe, STANDARD). The event raised awareness of the current research agenda.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Keynote Roadshow: across key universities in China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I presented at 8 key university departments across China on topics ranging from Crime, Consumer Data and Big Data. Each talk had over 100 delegates in attendance from the field of academia. The universities covered were: Southwest JiaoTong University, Wuhan University, Beijing University, Research Institutes of Chinese Academy of Geography, Electrons, Urban Planning, China Urban Planning, Ministry of Security. Since I also had the opportunity to meet with colleagues from across China I believe the discussions my presentations generated also influenced their own views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote talk in JRC-NETTAR Cluster 8 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact About 50 participants coming from Europe, mostly working in JRC. I delivered a keynote - "Space-Time Analytics of Urban Mobility - People and Place".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nectar-eu.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/NECTAR_JRC_big_data.pdf
 
Description Keynote: Space-Time Analytics for Consumers' Data, International workshop of Social Geocomputation, Wuhan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I presented to roughly 500 attendees from the field of academia in China; my keynote generated a lot of interest and there was a healthy debate among participants about the key points in my presentations. Additionally, my presentation was broadcast online so I believe the reach was far wider than the main attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote: Space-Time Analytics for Nature Hazards, International workshop on Data science for high impact weather and flood prediction, University of Reading 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact I presented to a large audience on the use of data science for high impact weather; with roughly 300 attendees my presentation garnered a lot of interest among colleagues and attendees alike. By presenting to delegates from key international universities my presentation generated interesting discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote: WGDC - Rise of Geospatial Big Data, Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Over 6000 people attended for a keynote on the rise of Geospatial Big Data. With such a large number of delegates my keynote sparked a lot of interest and discussion on the role of GIS in research across national and international academic. Both during the event and after I was contacted by numerous attendees seeking further information and possibilities for collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Kowalska, K.. What makes police stop? - Analysis of spatial attributes correlated to frequent police patrol visits. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact K. Kowalska presented details of her research within CPC at the Association of American Geographers 2014 Annual Meeting. Tampa, FL, USA.

The profile of the CPC project was elevated through dissemination of results and ongoing research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.aag.org/annualmeeting
 
Description Launch event for CPC project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This project launch workshop presented many of the initial ideas and directions of the research. It also provided a forum to discuss the themes of crime, policing, citizen engagement, network complexity, and spatio-temporal data mining that will underpin the work. Contributions were encouraged from interested parties in government, industry and academia in order to further the project outcomes.

The launch workshop brought the CPC project to the attention of all attendees. Some preliminary CPC outputs were presented, along with thought-provoking presentations about how the project would proceed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/cpc/?news=cpc-project-launched
 
Description Live Demo and talk in the Data Policy 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We give live demo of our crime hot spot prediction in the conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://dataforpolicy.org/data-for-policy-2017/
 
Description Media interest: WGDC - Rise of Geospatial Big Data, Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I hosted a keynote at Beijing University about the 'Rise of Geospatial Big Data' in China and beyond. This attracted good attention from key print media outlets in China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Media: Joined UK Big Data Mission to China 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I Joined UK Big Data Mission to China 2017 and received letter of praise from the Department of International Trade. The mission involved a press conference with 25 leading Chinese publications, which led to over 240 Chinese big data companies for potential business leads. Additionally, over 50,000,000 media impressions and 3,000,000 RMB PR value 12 were generated through media activities. Publications such as Guizhou TV, China Daily, China News, Guizhou Daily, Xinhuanet.com, People.com, Huanqiu.com, ifeng.com, Caijing, Cbdio.com, Sohu and Sina all showed significant interest in the mission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with Delegates from Shanghai Municipal Commission of Economy and Informatization and China Industry Design Institute (CIDI), March 16th, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Tao Cheng met with 2 visitors from Shanghai who represented Chinese policymakers to discuss aspects of space-time analytics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with delegates from DIDI Technology, China, March 22nd, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Tao Cheng met with a delegation from the Chinese firm DIDI Technology. They discussed possible collaborations in the area of space-time analytics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Panel discussion - Big Geospatial Data Challenges and Best Practices, International Conference of American Association of Geography (AAG) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I delivered a presentation to over 500 external delegates from international institutions. The presentation sparked some very interesting debate among my peers and I had significant from attendees post the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Panel discussion: International Open Data and Urban Innovation Submit, Shanghai 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Over 100 people attended the panel session to discuss and debate, particularly, open data within research and beyond. This generated an interesting discussion and debate on the comparisons of open data from an international perspective. Feedback from the session suggests increased interest and initiatives within the delegates' own institutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Participated in 'ride-alongs' with police response teams in the London Borough of Camden 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Members of the CPC project joined the police emergency response teams in the London Borough of Camden for 'ride-alongs'. Each member shadowed a police team, observing and asking questions, for an entire police shift. They also attended the briefing session, held by the Duty Sergeant, before the start of the shift.

This gave invaluable insight into the daily challenges faced by the police, their strategy and current practice. It also allowed members to ask the police about what kind of tools they would like to have available to improve or facilitate their work.

As a result, the CPC project's planned outputs were modified to make them relevant to the police requirements. This activity also raised awareness amongst police officers of the work ongoing in CPC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation - Space-Time Analytics for Smart Cities on COST Workshop - Progress in Transportation and Urban Analytics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact It is COST (EU) workshop, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.tu1305.eu/content/workshop-casa
 
Description Research Seminar in Public Health England 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I and two MSc students gave talks in Public Health England (PHE) - there are 50 audiences in PHE including from PHE outside London. We are having continuous collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research Seminar, Big Data & Intelligent Policing, University of Warwick 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Roughly 40 people from the field of academia attended the seminar. This was followed by a healthy debate about Big Data and it's use in research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Research Seminar: Big Data and Intelligent Policing, Manchester Metropolitan University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Over 100 people attended a seminar on Big Data and Policing. There was a lot of debate generated during the seminar; this was followed up by further information being requested from me after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Rosser, G. & Cheng, T. (2014).  Self-exciting point process models of spatiotemporal crime patterns. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact G. Rosser presented details of his research within CPC at the International Crime Science Conference 2014, London, UK.

The profile of the CPC project was elevated through dissemination of results and ongoing research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/jdi/events/crime-science-conf/icsc-current
 
Description Seminar by Prof Michael Goodchild, UC Santa Barbara, followed by poster display and reception 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On the 21st October 2014, Prof Michael Goodchild of University of California, Santa Barbara gave an invited talk entitled: Is Big (geo) Data the next big thing in GIScience?. Prof Goodchild is widely considered to be the father of GIScience. The talk was followed by a reception and poster display, at which the CPC project was given its own separate display area to raise awareness. This event was organised by Tao Cheng and other CPC project members. Prof Goodchild is an advisor to the CPC project.

The event was a great success, and attracted a large audience, including many leading academics. The poster session served to raise awareness of the CPC project and disseminate the current results and future plans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.ucl.ac.uk/big-data/events/data-events/big-data-giscience
 
Description Shen, J. & Cheng, T. (2014). Pattern Analysis of Police Foot Patrol in Central London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation poster presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact J. Shen presented a poster on his research at the GIScience 2014 conference, Vienna, Austria, 2014.

The profile of the CPC project was raised by disseminating the current research and results amongst the international GIScience community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.giscience.org
 
Description Tour of Lambeth Central Communications Command of the London Metropolitan Police Service, February 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Three members of CPC were given a tour of Lambeth Central Communications by Metropolitan Police Service officers.

Notes from the meetings were reported back to the entire CPC team. Based on this meeting, the awareness of practical policing operations was increased across the CPC project. This had an important impact on the realism, applicability and relevance of subsequent research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description UK Knowledge Transfer Network Workshop: Digital Forensics and Big Data: Extracting Actionable Information. "Spatio-temporal Analytics for Total Policing", March 27th 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tao Cheng delivered an invited talk at this event, whose participants included crime practitioners. Her talk covered aspects of all the major projects she is involved with (CPC, Retail Business Datasafe, STANDARD). The event raised awareness of the current research agenda.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://connect.innovateuk.org/web/forensics/events-view/-/events/21675652
 
Description UK-China Big Data Summit, delegates from China includes Ant Finance (Alibaba), Nov 13th, 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Tao Cheng participated in the UK-China Big Data summit, which included delegates from major Chinese firm Alibaba and academics. The topics covered included Big space-time data analytics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Visit Shenzhen University, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discuss collaboration with the group in Shenzhen University, and a research seminar on Space-time Analytics of Smart Card Data, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Visit of CETE to SpaceTimeLab, May 24th and Nov 28th 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact CETE is the world top 500 enterprise, a state-owned company in China. They are the Chinese partner of sino-uk collobration in smart cities, one of the four themes of scientific
and technology collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit the Hong Kong Polytechnic University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact around 50 people joined the research seminar on "Space-Time Analytics of Urban Mobility", which sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Visit to Detective Chief Inspector Andrew Packer of the London Borough of Camden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 15/01/2015, a delegation of CPC project members spent half a day visiting the Detective Chief Inspector of the London Borough of Camden, Andrew Packer, at Holborn Police Station to participate in a meeting. The team produced some printed material to demonstrate their key research findings and show how their work might be used for operational purposes.

The conversation focused on predictive policing, mapping, and public perception. PDRAs and PhD students were given the opportunity to ask questions and to explore how their tools might be used by police officers.

DCI Packer emphasised the importance of tradecraft and communication, and expressed the hope that the collaboration could aid the borough in cutting crime rates.

This meeting raised the profile of the CPC project by increasing awareness of it at a high strategic level within the Camden police force. Through AP's influence, this activity is expected to reach many hundreds of officers and police personnel in the borough and beyond.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/cpc/?news=holborn-police-station-visit
 
Description Visits to the Metropolitan Police Service Head of Data Development Team 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 5 members of the CPC project visited the Metropolitan Police's Head of Data Development Team at their HQ in London on two separate occasions. The discussion related to the current IT setup used by the police and how CPC's outputs might be integrated into this framework to trial them in an operational environment. Various CPC project outputs were showcased, and it was agreed that these would be integrated into the existing framework.

As a direct result of these meetings, one of the project members commenced a placement in the same location, integrating predictive mapping into the wider police system (see separate 'placements' and 'software' outputs for details). Other project members gained a great deal of insight into the technical requirements of the police data team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Wise, S. & Cheng, T.. Cops and Robbers: an Agent Based Model of the Interaction between Policing and Reported Crime Rates. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact S. Wise presented details of her research within CPC at the Association of American Geographers 2014 Annual Meeting. Tampa, FL, USA.

The profile of the CPC project was elevated through dissemination of results and ongoing research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.aag.org/annualmeeting
 
Description Wise, S., Cheng T., Shawe-Taylor, J.. Using simulation to explore the processes of police tasking. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact S. Wise presented details of her research within CPC at the International Crime Science Conference 2014, London, UK.

The profile of the CPC project was elevated through dissemination of results and ongoing research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/jdi/events/crime-science-conf/icsc-current