SANDPIT - Disruption: the raw material for low carbon change

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: Institute for Transport Studies

Abstract

Evidence suggests that we will need to change our travel habits and practices radically if we are to reduce the carbon emissions from transport to meet government and international targets. Technological developments such as hybrid and electric cars will, to some extent, allow us to reduce our carbon impact and maintain current lifestyles, but they cannot provide all of the necessary reductions in emissions, nor quickly enough. Our travel practices - why, where and how we travel - are a function of the many choices that make up our daily lives; it is difficult to untangle them from our patterns of housing, employment, education, leisure and so on. But we must do so if we are to bring about significant reductions in emissions whilst maintaining quality of life. At the same time, transport policies and the policy-making systems that produce them have developed a number of cultural assumptions, most importantly that travel practices are very stable and that it is very difficult to change both people's travel choices and policy makers' existing ways of thinking.

In spite of this, there are actually many times when our everyday lives become disrupted, and these events provide windows of opportunity where change becomes possible. Within a seemingly stable overall pattern of transport demand, we are often forced to rethink our usual way of carrying out our everyday lives, and organisations are forced to reconsider how they operate. These disruptions can occur at different levels, from the disruption of a broken leg that means a mother cannot drive her children to school, to the disruption from a volcanic eruption such as the 2010 Icelandic ash cloud that left people stranded thousands of miles from home and businesses with their key employees unable to fulfil their normal roles. It is the potential for these kinds of opportunities to lead to more permanent carbon-reducing changes that this project seeks to explore. This project is an in-depth study of the way we travel and the assumptions we make, how this changes when our lives are disrupted and how the more positive changes can be embedded in everyday life, in organisations and in policy-making.

The research explores travel practices in a range of places and social contexts, with the understanding that these different contexts influence the ways we travel and how we reduce barriers to positive change. We will study at close hand how disruption affects the real choices people make, and what this teaches us about the opportunities to change travel practices at individual level and within families; in organisations that generate travel demand and impact on our own individual travel decision-making; and within government where policy that determines our travel opportunities is made. We will use a range of innovative research methods to do this including capturing travel behaviour through Facebook and Twitter and carrying out video-recorded mobile interviews. Those taking part in the research will be able to choose how they work with researchers to best capture their travel experiences and how these are influenced by different disruptions, which they identify as being significant. The project then brings together the different social actors, both 'lay' and 'expert' in a number of forums where they have the opportunity to 'deliberate' the different issues that will emerge throughout the research, and challenge each other about what needs to be done to capture the opportunities for change. Lastly the project seeks to establish mechanisms for embedding these changes in everyday life, in organisational practices and in social policy, so that a substantial contribution to reducing carbon emissions from transport is achieved.

Planned Impact

The project will radically alter the way policymakers think about travel behaviour and open up a whole new range of opportunities and strategies developing policies for getting people to adopt new low carbon travel practices, and then ensuring these become locked in.

There are three ways in which findings from the research will impact directly on transport policy:

1) Recognition of the many opportunities that exist to shift people's transport modes or behaviour during points of 'natural' disruption so that the terms of the transport policy debate can be radically reset;
2) Enabling the formulation and implementation of policies that will allow legitimised interventions in the socio-technical systems that generate travel practices, in order to drive transitions to low carbon travel;
3) Allowing the development of long-term strategies for steering socio-technical systems in order to prevent the continued 'lock-in' of existing high carbon travel practices, and thereby also increase societal resilience to major disruptive events.

The impacts on transport policy are likely to be relevant at all government levels. The lessons will also demonstrate the significant role that businesses and third sector organisations also play in determining modern travel practices. These groups are part of the research process alongside significant research with citizens. The project will deliver its ambitions on impact on the policy process and on practice by allowing the actors to jointly shape the research recommendations through active participation at various stages in the project.

The project findings have the potential to not just to upset conventional thinking on travel behaviours, but also to create a step change in terms of behavioural understanding in a range of other areas, where carbon intensive activities are seen as being entrenched, habitual and resistant to change. The project will draw on the range of stakeholders engaged in the research to act as advocates in discussing how the work might be applied elsewhere.

The cross-disciplinary nature of the project will set a new standard for bringing together different approaches (quantitative and qualitative, psychological and sociological) in a way that is targeted at ensuring that the strongest lesson from each can be used to understand and change the socio-technical systems that currently lock-in unsustainable behaviours. The detrimental effects of these behaviours go well beyond the issue of carbon, and include quality of life, public health issues of air pollution and obesity, and economic impacts on businesses. These are all areas into which the project team are already plugged in, ensuring that the learning will not remain the sole preserve of the transport sector.

Publications

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Cass N (2015) Satisfying Everyday Mobility in Mobilities

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Docherty I (2018) The curious death - and life? - of British transport policy in Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space

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Docherty I (2018) The governance of smart mobility in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice

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Marsden G (2013) Insights on disruptions as opportunities for transport policy change in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice

 
Description The Disruption project was undertaken to understand whether, by looking at periods of change (planned and unplanned) in people's lives we could understand more about how best to intervene to change travel behaviour to reduce energy use and cut carbon emissions.

The research has developed three new lines of knowledge. The first builds from the detailed ethnographic work with families in Brighton and Lancaster which has led to the production of new knowledge and research papers which explain much more about the role of families, obligations and identity in travel and also the importance of equipment and competencies in shaping what feels possible.

The second line of progress comes from the work undertaken to understand how people adapt to periods of disruption. Unplanned events have included major snow and ice events, prolonged flooding and, more recently through additional funding to the closure of the Forth Road Bridge. Planned events included the Olympics in 2012, a planned bridge closure and a major office reconsolidation in York. The ability to get surveys conducted during the unplanned disruptive events has provided a unique set of insights into how people adapt and the issues around adaptation. This is being turned into a series of practical guides to change local and national government practice and research papers.

Taken together, the insights on behavioural change and the conditions that need to be in place to support that have led to the production of a policy green paper called "Flexi-mobility" which provides a summary of the potential for behaviour change and the policy actions that are required. Instead of expecting change from everyone and all of the time, the findings suggest that we need to create the conditions and policy framework where it becomes more normal to use a range of modes for different journeys more of the time. These have been worked up into policy briefings and attempts are on-going to embed this in two major northern cities.
Exploitation Route The work is currently being further developed into action plans for cities. Importantly we also aim to take the findings to politicians as they challenge some of the firmly established assumptions about what we are designing our transport systems for.

The work on responses to unplanned disruption is part of the resilience debate and has been influential in discussions in winter 2015/16 where a series of storms have shown just how vulnerable the UK is to weather events. Our work is demonstrating what kinds of social adaptation need to go on alongside the infrastructural changes that are planned. The work was used to produce a briefing note for the OECD Council of Ministers on Transport conference in Leipzig in May 2016. We also ran a major behavioural survey alongside the closure of the Forth Road Bridge in late 2015 which has followed through into a major workshop around how to improve resilience planning for Transport Scotland in late 2016. This is being converted into a guidance document in 2018.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Education,Energy,Environment,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail,Transport

URL http://www.disruptionproject.net
 
Description Have the findings from this award contributed to any non-academic impacts? Yes How have your findings been used? Please provide a brief summary. Our disruption work is now generating impact in two distinct ways. The first is its contribution is from our better understanding of travel behaviour under conditions of disruption, which is changing how transport agencies and others plan for disruption and how to react to it. We have conducted workshops with policy teams across the UK including local authorities, the Scottish Government and Department for Transport to help review their policies. In particular, we have engaged in collaborative co-production of with City of York Council, West Yorkshire Combined Authority and Transport for Greater Manchester to help them understand how the underlying churn in travel behaviour they have identified can be used to develop new transport policies and plans that help people shift their behaviour to more sustainable patterns. For example, ticketing systems need to adapt so that occasional as well as regular non-car use is more attractive. Our work with Transport Scotland on the impacts of the Forth Road Bridge Closure, which comprised large openly-available surveys, led to the development of some formal guidance for resilience response which TS are sharing with other UK government departments and agencies. This is the subject of a further ESRC funded IAA award in 2018. The second strand of our work is about the governance and policy adaptations required to cope with the 'smart mobility' transition. The increasing importance of 'mobility on demand' services such as UBER and equivalents, and the impending automation of large parts of the vehicle fleet, will require a number of systematic responses if wider social, economic and environmental goals for transport are to be safeguarded. This work led to the publication of a working paper by the OECD/International Transport Forum in 2016, and in 2017 we will host the research day component of the ITF Global Forum working with transport agencies and service providers to exchange knowledge with them so that their services can be better designed, and regulatory frameworks made appropriate.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Evidence on responses to the Department for Transport Resilience Review
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://www.disruptionproject.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Transport-Resilience-Review-final.pdf
 
Description Report on lessons for transport from the York Floods of 2011 and 2012
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://www.disruptionproject.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/York-Flood-Report_FINAL.pdf
 
Description Evaluation of Lendal Bridge Closue in City of York
Amount £7,500 (GBP)
Organisation City of York Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2013 
End 07/2014
 
Description ITF Research Briefings
Amount € 4,000 (EUR)
Organisation International Transport Forum 
Sector Learned Society
Country France
Start 02/2016 
End 04/2016
 
Description Impact Acceleration Award
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 031215 
Organisation University of Leeds 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2015 
End 04/2016
 
Description Impact Acceleration Award - Fleximobility
Amount £8,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Leeds 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2015 
End 04/2016
 
Description NERC-Newton Fund : Atmospheric Pollution & Human Health in an Indian Megacity
Amount £815,417 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P016588/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2016 
End 10/2020
 
Description The Impact of Disruption on Passenger Rail Travel
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Association of Train Operating Companies 
Sector Learned Society
Country Unknown
Start 05/2015 
End 03/2016
 
Description University of Glasgow Impact Acceleration Account
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 12/2018
 
Description Impact Acceleration Account for Flexi-mobility 
Organisation JMP Consultants Ltd
PI Contribution The Disruption Project produced a policy approach called 'Fleximobility' which we are developing with national and local government. JMP have been interested in 'Mobility as a Service' and, therefore, we have begun working together to develop some city level implementation designs in York and Greater Manchester. We used Impact Acceleration Account Funds from the University of Leeds and match funding from JMP. We are providing the policy framework.
Collaborator Contribution JMP are developing the more detailed implementation plan for the two cities building on existing models and policies in the two sites.
Impact Workshop with Greater Manchester in May 2015; Regional CIHT Seminar October 2015
Start Year 2015
 
Description Work with Association of Train Operating Companies 
Organisation Association of Train Operating Companies
Country Unknown 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Our research is looking at the travel behaviour responses during disruptions. This is a major issue for the rail industry and the source of £m of compensation payments. ATOC were commissioning research into understanding passenger disruption. We bid for the work with ATOC but as part of the bid we offered a partnership approach whereby we would use the insights from the Disruption project and some remaining survey budget to enhance the study goals they had set. The findings will form part of the overall Disruption project portfolio as soon as it achieves client approval. It is, for example, providing material for publication in July 2016 at the World Conference on Transport Research.
Collaborator Contribution There has been an industry steering group and significant direct financial contribution to the work. We provided a small staff advisory input as part of Disruption and some survey costs.
Impact We anticipate that the research findings will inform changes to the compensatory regime in the rail industry. However, this would likely have happened whether or not we made the partnership. However, there will be strong academic outputs to flow from the work and the scale and impact of the research has been significantly enhanced by our joint working.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Institute of Air Quality Management - Routes to Clean Air 2016 conference - Bristol, 11th October 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited keynote speaker at major professional practitioner and policy conference on air quality.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://iaqm.co.uk/event/routes-to-clean-air-2016/
 
Description London Sustainability Exchange Workshop on NICE Air Quality Guidance with Chartered Institute of Environmental Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact NGO engagement workshop regarding the development of guidance by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence on air quality
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.lsx.org.uk/news/events.aspx?id=3747
 
Description 2 Workshops on Travel Tehaviour at London Sustainability Exchange/Client Earth Event 7/7/15 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Two workshops explaining the project's concept of Fleximobility and related work on travel behaviours were given to practitioners, public and NGOs as part of a major London event on community action to improve air quality in the capital.

Interest in following up with talks and events elsewhere
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.lsx.org.uk/news/events.aspx?id=3640
 
Description 2 presentations at Centre for Transport and Society Winter Conference, Bristol, 15/12/14 (Tim Chatterton, David Williams) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talks sparked questions and discussion afterwards

Requests for further information afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www2.uwe.ac.uk/faculties/FET/Research/cts/Winter%20Conference%20Dec%202014%20Presentations/CT...
 
Description 2nd European Workshop on Future Scenarios for Air Quality and Carbon Management in Cities, Rotterdam, 8-9/7/2015 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact A workshop to further develop thinking around fleximobility and practice informed views of behaviour wit a large group of European research and consultancy organisations and cities.

Further development and acceptance of how thinking from the project could change the way that air quality and carbon modeling is undertaken and communicated across Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/topics/2194-sc5-04-...
 
Description 3 presentations at University Transport Studies Group Annual Conference, London 5/1/15 (Tim Chatterton, David Williams, Stephen Parkes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talks sparked questions and discussion afterwards

.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.utsg.net/web/index.php?page=2015---city-london
 
Description 4 Presentations and a Workshop at Annual Transport Practitioners Meeting, London 1/7/15 (Greg Marsden, Tim Chatterton, Caroline Mullen, Noel Cass, Jillian Anable, Jeremy Shires, David Williams) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talks and workshop sparked considerable discussion and interest and allowed the dissemination of large amounts of project literature.

Reaching out to a significant number of practitioners
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.ptrc-training.co.uk/Events/TPM2015.aspx
 
Description Behaviour Workshop with Committee on Climate Change, London 27/11/14 (Jillian Anable, Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Contributions from Anable and Chatterton, heavily informed by work from the Disruption project led to a further request for them to undertake reviews of material produced by the Committee on Climate Change.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Costing the Earth Radio 4 Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview was part of a wider programme looking at how the UK manages resilience planning in the wake of several storms which have damaged or closed infrastructure. The interview drew on insights from the Disruption project underlining the importance of developing social adaptation strategies as the number of events is beyond that which we can afford to resolve through investment in infrastructure resilience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06zryhm
 
Description Defra-National Centre for Atmospheric Science policy workshop 17th January 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Apologies for the email out of the blue. I am a NERC Knowledge Exchange Fellow working with Defra and based at the National Centre for Atmospheric Science at the University of York. I am organising a policy forum to bring together members of the air quality research community and Defra officials to discuss air quality challenges, research and evidence gaps, and to explore opportunities for future collaboration. The focus is on the UK Clean Air Strategy which is currently being developed; this meeting provides an opportunity to discuss some of the themes and key areas for input from the academic community. I am only planning to have a couple of talks with most of the meeting given over to discussion sessions.

I am contacting you to invite you to give a short presentation on some of your work. I have seen you present a couple of times and have read some of your articles; of particular interest were your comments around the role of people and society in the air pollution issue (e.g. the article in Environmental Scientist on Air Pollution: putting people at the heart of the issues). There is also some interest in your recent MOToring Along report, although this forum is not focused on transport emissions but also wider air pollution sources. I think it is useful to look at air quality issues through different lenses and while we think about technological solutions, it seems that the air quality expert community less often get involved in the social side of the problem. It is hoped that your presentation could make the community think a little about the solution side of the issue, particularly the non-technical, and catalyse an interesting discussion.

The forum is on 17th January in Westminster, London. The talk would only be short, ten minutes maybe 15 if more time was needed, followed by a discussion session (so no need to leave time for questions). The idea of the talks is not to provide a lot of information but to give some key points in an accessible way to an audience that is a mixture of researchers and policy makers. The following session is not a panel discussion, but an open discussion session and it is hoped that your presentation would stimulate an interesting conversation between attendees and of course your input to that would be valuable. If you are not available (I appreciate it is not a lot of notice) then is there anyone that you work with that you feel could present on this topic?
Session 1: Clean Air Strategy

10:45 - 11:00 Harriet Wallace (Defra) - The Clean Air Strategy and the Emissions Challenge
11:00 - 11:45 Discussion.
11:45 - 11:55 Tim Chatterton - Putting people at the centre of air quality management (tbc)
11:55 - 12:30 Continued discussion - with some focus on the roles of and interactions between technology and behavioural/societal change to drive AQ improvements.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScnEypsRgKqDH6DY8ndQGSkk17m0hSoew279bpVSGmenpfWsg/viewform
 
Description DfT/Defra Air Quality and Transport Measures Sounding Board 5/9/13 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Participation in sounding board encouraged Defra to move from a focus solely on transport measures - to including planning (DCLG) and publish health partners as targets of guidance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://laqm.defra.gov.uk/documents/air_quality_note_v7a-(3).pdf
 
Description European Workshop on Future Scenarios for Air Quality and Carbon Management in Cities, Rotterdam, 8-9/3/2015 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Introduction of project thinking to potential European collaborators with view to developing European project under Horizon 2020.

Key elements of thinking developed by the Disruption project have been taken up by a European consortium as the central theme of a proposed project to be submitted to the EC Horizon 2020 call SC5-04-2015 Improving the air quality and reducing the carbon footprint of European cities under the theme Growing A Low Carbon, Resource Efficient Economy With A Sustainable Supply Of Raw Materials
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/topics/2194-sc5-04-...
 
Description Fleximobility Workshop - Transport for Greater Manchester 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop with Transport for Greater Manchester presenting the Fleximobility vision for transport strategy development based on the disruption project - joint with Martin Higgitt (JMP) drawing on the IAA award.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Foresight Future of Mobility project Sustainable Transport Roundtable 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This report summarises the findings of a meeting of experts exploring the opportunities and implications arising from the future transport system.

The workshop considered 3 main questions around sustainable transport:

How can we make transport more sustainable, and increase active travel?
How can we improve air quality and decrease carbon emissions in the transport system?
What is the role for government and the private sector in moving to a more sustainable transport system?
This report was produced as part of the Foresight future of of mobility project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/future-of-mobility-workshop-on-sustainable-transport
 
Description Forth Road Bridge Closure Impact Assessment 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop with Transport Scotland - we had conducted a travel behaviour data collection exercise around the closure of the Forth Road Bridge and the workshop shared the early results from this with the TS policy team and cross-referenced with their data. This will form part of developing shared guidance on how to manage disruptive events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ITSUK Resilience and Environment Special Interest Joint Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invitation to speak to a national practitioner and industry event which looks at the opportunities for Intelligent Transport Systems to improve responses to resilience events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International Association of Travel Behaviour Research 19-23/7/2015 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Participation in conference and workshops, and dissemination of over 100 project leaflets to an international travel behaviour audience.

Requests for further information made.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.iatbr2015.org.uk/index.php/iatbr/iatbr2015
 
Description Invitation to participate in Dutch Ministry for Infrastructure and Environment/European Commission workshop on "Behaviour in Sustainable Mobility and Logistics", Rotterdam, 27-28 September 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Major workshop between Dutch government and European commission helping shape the future of sustainable mobility policy and research, and how 'behaviour' is incorporated into this.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nwo.nl/en/about-nwo/organisation/nwo-domains/magw/captain+for+one+day
 
Description Invited presentation at 2016 Centre for Transport and Society Winter Conference on "Putting people at the heart of the air pollution problem: Developing a more social approach to emissions analysis and reduction" 14th December 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of policy implications of research work made to group of influential policy and professional practitioners
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www1.uwe.ac.uk/et/research/cts/presentations.aspx
 
Description Invited talk for Jillian Anable by IET (Seminar on "Behavioural Psychology in Transport" Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) and ITS(UK) on 16th May in London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an invited talk as part of a broader debate on behavioural psychology in the transport sector. It followed from a techbite blog with IET https://communities.theiet.org/blogs/906/5278. It led to further discussions with the Department for Transport and
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Member of Expert Panel for discussion of Air Quality and Transport Issues at 50th University Transport Study Group Conference, London 4th January 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Panel on air quality and transport issues.Audience reported changes in views
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://utsg.net/
 
Description Mixed Methods Research Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The Disruption project brought together PhD and other academic staff from across the UK to discuss how to bring together research findings from multi-disciplinary research projects.

Improvements to PhD experience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Presentation and Workshop at European Council for and Energy Efficient Economy Summer Study, France 1-6/6/15 (Jillian Anable, Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk and workshop led to considerable discussion about the findings of the project and their relevance in an international policy context.

Interest from international practitioners and academics in the project findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.eceee.org/summerstudy
 
Description Presentation and panel member at Policy UK workshop on 'Improving Air Quality in Our Towns and Cities' 24th November 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation of policy implications from research work to influential group of policymakers, professional practitioners and third sector representatives.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.policy-uk.com/event/2365/Improving_Air_Quality_in_Our_Towns_and_Cities__Implementing__lsq...
 
Description Presentation at 10th Cosombilities Conference on Networked Urban Mobilities, Copenhagen, 7/11/14 (Noel Cass/James Faulconbridge) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.cosmobilities.net/2013/12/10/networked-urban-mobilities-conference-2014/
 
Description Presentation at Act Travelwise Annual Conference, Birmingham, 9/12/14 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Further requests for information on project from a number of local authorities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.acttravelwise.org/events/our-events/autumn-conference-2014/
 
Description Presentation at DEMAND Centre Summer School on Flexibility and Negotiability: Learning from Disruption 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 30 PhD researchers were exposed to and debated the importance of learning from disruptions

none
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.demand.ac.uk/23/07/2014/energy-histories-and-energy-futures-summer-school-8-10-july-2014/
 
Description Presentation at MODEshift Workshop, York 24/2/14 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
Tim Chatterton to invited to be on the Steering Group of West Yorkshire Air Quality and Health Strategy Project
Tim Chatterton was invited to speak to the MODEShift annual conference in Birmingham (November 2015)

Led to further engagement and discussion with the MODEshift organisation which may lead to further collaboration and an invite has been accepted to run a workshop at the annual MODEshift conference in Birmingham on November 6th 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.modeshift.org.uk/
 
Description Presentation at Royal Geographic Society (and IGB) Annual Conference 2014, London 27/8/14 (Noel Cass/James Faulconbridge) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

On going discussion of implications with academic peers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://conference.rgs.org/AC2014/
 
Description Presentation at Transport Solutions Wales Annual Conference 2013 2/5/15 (David Williams/Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Provided contacts and tested early research thinking in DW's PhD and project in general
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.ciltuk.org.uk/portals/0/documents/regions/wales/transportsolutionswales.pdf
 
Description Presentation on "The air pollution-transport divide: Why after two decades of statutory obligations is road transport derived air pollution not declining?" RGS Transport Geography Group workshop at Department for Transport, London, 29 August 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Workshop to present policy relevant research to a select group of policymakers from DfT, DBEIS, and Defra.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://tgrg.wordpress.com/
 
Description Presentation on 'Putting people at the heart of Air Quality Management: Developing a more social approach to emissions analysis and reduction'. Public Health England 2016 Annual UK Review Meeting on Outdoor and Indoor Air Pollution Research in the UK, Solihull, 26 September 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Public Health England Workshop presenting Air Pollution Research to range of influential stakeholders
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.phe-events.org.uk/hpa/frontend/reg/thome.csp?pageID=239673&eventID=606&traceRedir=2&even...
 
Description Presentation to Bristol City Council 25/11/2014 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards, and further liaison with Local Sustainable Transport Fund team - especially James Morvan

Thinking about fleximobility introduced into LSTF programme for University of the West of England
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation to Scottish Government Behaviour Change Seminar Programme (Greg Marsden) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 40 practitioners from across different areas of policy joined the seminar to discuss what can be learnt from studying Disruptions

none
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Presentation to Transport Planning Society, Birmingham, 30/7/15 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talked sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Lots of project literature disseminated and requests for further contact. Recommendation made to regional TPS groups to hold similar eventd
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.tps.org.uk/westmidlands/events/id/0808/
 
Description Presentation to Transport for London Divisions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation shared findings on how people respond to travel disruptions. This is not well understood in practice and so the people charged with making operational decisions within Transport for London could understand more about the impacts of their actions.

There is a continued dialogue with Transport for London on disruptions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation to conference on Disruption and Cities at Goethe University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was part of a wider set of papers in a day established to debate whether and how cities are being disrupted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to the Sustainable Development Research Network Annual Conference: Is the public's willingness to change underestimated by policy makers? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The audience of over 100 engaged in debate about the extent to which the government can legitimately act to stimulate change.

none specfic
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.sd-research.org.uk/latest/sdrn-annual-conference
 
Description Presentation to the University of Sydney Business School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 40 people from around the Sydney region attended this seminar discussing the implications of the Disruption project for research and practice.

I was invited to discuss the potential future implications of the work with Transport for New South Wales' management team. They were examining how best to manage the impacts of a large scale city centre redevelopment and transport management scheme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description RAC/DfT/ITS Workshop on Transport Poverty, RAC Foundation, London 24th November 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Research-policy engagement workshop with DfT and other influential participants at the RAC foundation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Review work for Committee on Climate Change, April 2015 (Jillian Anable, Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact The Committee have taken note of the comments made by the 3 person review panel (tow of whom were Jillian Anable and Tim Chatterton) and towards the end of the year we will be making recommendations to the Government on the level of the Fifth Carbon Budget (2028-32).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description TLT/Peter Brett Associates Developer Masterclass: Air quality and its impact on planning and development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Event sparked lively discussion and led to a number of follow up enquiries regarding planning applications and air quality issues.



Developer Masterclass: Air quality and its impact on planning and development
16:30 - 18:45 | 20 February 2018 |
TLT, One Redcliff Street, Bristol BS1 6TP
Air quality is an increasingly important consideration in the planning process, with developments being either refused planning permission on air quality grounds or being approved subject to significant contributions to mitigate air quality impacts.
With the potential imposition of Clean Air Zones, the development picture has the potential to get more complicated. This masterclass will provide a forum for discussion of these and other current major air quality issues, with the aim of providing clarity as to the implications for developments, both now and in the future.
The session will be led by guest speaker Dr Tim Chatterton (Senior Research Fellow, University of the West of England) and Graham Harker (Air Quality Team Leader, PBA).


Agenda
Registration and refreshments
Masterclass commences
Networking and drinks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Think People: Dealing with Disruption 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited to be part of a panel for the Department for Transport's Think People seminar series. Well attended from across all parts of the Department for Transport. I spoke on lessons from disruption.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop for Transport Scotland and Stakeholders regarding lessons fromm Forth Road Bridge Closure 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The University of Leeds and University of Glasgow worked with Transport Scotland to conduct an assessment of the travel behaviour impacts of the Forth Road Bridge Closure of December 2015. The results of the analysis were published in September 2016. The findings were consistent with Transport Scotland's own understanding of behavioural adaptation based on traffic counts and other aggregate data sources. However, the data provided a much more in-depth understanding of which types of users and journeys were affected. Transport Scotland subsequently decided to hold a workshop to share the findings and to promote the sharing of lessons learnt from managing the Forth Road Bridge Closure. The remit of the workshop was broadened to include a range of severe weather resilience events from other parts of the UK and was supported by further funding from the Research Councils UK Impact Acceleration funding stream.

A workshop was held on Tuesday 15th November at the Studio, Glasgow. The event was attended by 32 participants across 24 different organisations. The event was facilitated by Professor Greg Marsden, Professor Jillian Anable and Jeremy Shires (ITS Leeds) and Professor Iain Docherty (University of Glasgow). Participants were sent four case studies of major disruptions, the institutional response and what was understood about the wider transport impacts. The case studies were of the Forth Road Bridge, Storm Desmond in Cumbria, Storm Desmond in Calderdale and Storm Eva in the City of York.

The workshop looked at four different areas:
• Understanding the diversity of users on the network and their needs;
• The role of information and communication in managing disruptions;
• The effectiveness of actions to adapt transport and non-transport services; and
• Understanding the social and economic impacts of such events.

It concluded by exploring important findings, recommendations and knowledge gaps.

Area 1: Importance of Multi-Agency Response
Area 2: Communication is critical and also changing rapidly
Area 3: Broadening the understanding of the impacts of disruption
Area 4: Greater diversity of data types and better access
Area 5: Understanding and building community resilience
Area 6: Understanding the distribution of economic impacts

The report has been shared with the participants and a further guidance document will be produced.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.disruptionproject.net/category/outputs
 
Description Workshop with Travel Behaviors Network at Future Cities Catapult, London 15/6/15 (Greg Marsden, Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation and exhibition stand led to considerable discussion with a range of practitioners about the project findings.

Large amounts of publicity materials disseminated to practitioner participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.travelbehaviours.net/travel-behaviours-network/moving-behaviours-events/
 
Description Workshop with Travel Behaviors Network at Transport Systems Catapult, Milton Keynes 23/6/15 (Greg Marsden, Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation, workshop and exhibition provoked considerable discussion amongst participants

Requests for further discussion from various participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.travelbehaviours.net/travel-behaviours-network/moving-behaviours-events/
 
Description Workshop with Wiltshire County Council 13/5/15 (Tim Chatterton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop allowed further development of project thinking around Fleximobility in a more rural context and stimulated considerable thinking and discussion amongst officer and member participants

Request for further information from elected members for dissemination around colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description York Fleximobility workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This presented a vision for the next transport strategy for York which drew on the findings of the Disruption project, joint with Martin Higgitt from JMP who has been part of a join IAA activity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016