(SANDPIT) Sixth Sense Transport (Reducing/re-distributing transport options through a flexible interpretation of time)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Faculty of Engineering & the Environment

Abstract

Our lives are governed by 'fixed' time schedules with activities aligned to school and work start/end times, public transport schedules, facility opening hours and deadlines. The rise of the 'anytime' 24 hour society has led to increased consumption of goods and services, the take-up of non-standard work schedules (e.g., rotating shifts), and a more dynamic approach to activity planning, leading to the constant 'hectic' pace of life many of us feel. Coupled to this is how laptops, smart phones and PDAs, linked to 'social networking' have revolutionized when, where and how people communicate in work and at home, softening 'time' and 'space', allowing social relationships to revolve around the appreciation of the relativity of friends and colleagues in personal time.

Under these circumstances, trip making behaviour to engage in these activities can be very complex, favouring single occupancy car use over more carbon efficient alternatives and resulting in mean travel distances increasing despite the time allocated to travel remaining relatively consistent. The car is highly compatible with society's current scheduling patterns and alternative modes are often not considered as their use requires additional cognitive effort which often removes them from the decision making set.

Our research vision is to understand the extent to which behavioural change in transport habits and practices can be facilitated through the creation of a new form of 'transport network', based on extending social networking principles to transport users and their individual vehicles. Through the development of an innovative, open, extensible technical platform called 6th Sense Transport (6ST), we will provide users with new ways of understanding the relationships between their own future transport plans and those of others.

This approach could revolutionise the process of decision making in travel behaviour (whether it be for the movement of people or things) by using social networking principles to create 'visibility' of potential transport options in time and space. If we are better able to visualise the activity of people and things (cars, buses, lorries, even items within a lorry) relative to their immediate and future time schedules, and crucially, the conditions under which people and other 'things' might be willing to liaise and adapt, we might be able to realise more opportunistic and collaborative uses for transport resources, leading to a reduction in overall transport related carbon emissions.

6ST will provide a deep understanding of how the increasingly multiple forms of temporality and spatiality influence travel mode choices and the ways in which people and 'things' might be willing to share certain personal travel information. This will be achieved through the novel use of smart phone and tagging technology to provide data feeds on activity and availability, monitored through a Platform that will anticipate opportunities for connections that are then made visible to users in the social network.

Experiments in how potential users of a 6ST system might adapt, alter and collaborate in their travel behaviour, with the visibility of potential transport options afforded by the Platform, will be undertaken in three specific domains: Tourism (in relation to visitor communities on campsites), Primary Education (in relation to child drop-off and collection) and Urban Logistics (space availability and utilisation on delivery/collection vehicles).

Planned Impact

Who will benefit from 6ST?

Those who will immediately benefit from this research include user-groups associated with the three experimental domains. In urban logistics this primarily involves transport managers of freight and service companies (carriers, freight forwarders, shippers and amenity companies), scheduling daily rounds for their vehicle fleets. In primary education, users are also collaborators with potential to bring about 'behavioural change' and include, parents transporting pupils to and from school, pupils, head teachers, school eco-councils, governor committees, site managers, local authority 'routes for schools' and schools transport officers, local education authorities and community police. In tourism the main beneficiaries are tourists (the end users), but also local transport providers, visitor attractions, local tourism associations and ultimately local residents.

How will users benefit from 6ST?

Of key benefit to users will be the ability to positively alter their transport behaviours (reducing CO2, enhancing quality of life and reducing travel costs) through the visibility of more sustainable and timely transport options afforded by the creation of a 'transport network', based on extending social networking principles to transport users and their individual vehicles. 6ST enables users to visualise the relationships between their own future transport plans and those of others as well as the ability to create their own applications to engage with current, and anticipate new travel connections in the network through the 6ST Platform. Beyond the timescale of the project, as a growing mass of users participate, there is potential to expand the scale of the impact into other domains (e.g. work, retail travel). Specific benefits to the users in the three experimental domains are:

Urban Logistics:

i) reduced fleet mileage and fuel costs for logistics companies enabled by visualisation of future 'back-loading' opportunities ii) improved optimisation of out-bound and in-bound vehicle rounds resulting from a greater understanding of time constraints and vehicle capacity across fleet schedules of iii) visualisation of inventory on vehicles to enable smarter load sharing and parts distribution for companies iv) the ability to demonstrate 'green' travelling planning to local authorities in terms of both fleet and employee transport v) logistics companies able to customise their own applications by embedding 6SL into their business management tools to reduce operating costs.

Primary Education:

i) Reduced congestion around schools during peak hours through parents/guardians engaging in more collaborative travel choices through the improved schedule visibility provided by 6ST ii) improved child safety (both in terms of reduced accident probability but also travel opportunity awareness for the school, parents, guardians, children) iii) enhanced quality-of-life (e.g. for parents with unpredictable work patterns) through the knowledge on future travel options provided by 6SL iv) enhanced community adhesion through the linkages and transport connections provided by the 6ST network.

Tourism:

i) Reduced tourist vehicle activity between camping sites and local visitor attractions through enhanced visibility of shared transport options ii) more efficient supply chain activity serving tourists at campsites through collective visibility of needs (potential for shared purchasing) iii) greater security, health and well being from the knowledge of potential transport linkages available in the community iv) contribution to green travelling planning policies for camp sites and visitor attractions.

One key research and professional skill being acquired by the project team includes enhancing capabilities to link research with policy, effectively strengthening the project's impact.

Publications

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Cherrett T (2014) Developing a smartphone app to enhance Oxfam's supply chain visibility in International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications

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Chris Speed (Author) (2013) An Internet of cars. in 45th Annual Conference of the Universities Transport Study Group (UTSG)

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Chris Speed (Author) (2012) Sixth Sense Transport: Exploiting network technologies to transform the transport timetable in RGS-IBG Annual International Conference 2012

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Davies N (2013) The Essence of Time in IEEE Pervasive Computing

 
Title Car Park by Lanfranco Aceti 
Description Car Park was an artwork by Lanfranco Aceti curated by Helen Sloan as part of the exhibition Internet of Cars in association with the John Hansard Gallery. The artwork was inspired by notions of hard labour and economic exploitation, which provided the conceptual underpinning for an exhibition and a public performance in Southampton from June 7 to June 12, 2014. Statement: Can people be reduced in an extreme process of commodification to objects? What is the process that numbering and data mining generates within a societal context? Is the extreme consequence of unchecked ideological forms of contemporary capitalism driving illogical syllogisms to their ultimate destination? The processes of extreme contemporary commodification together with systems of data collections that are neatly boxing within pre-conceived frameworks a wide range of human activities are embedded within capitalistic ideological frameworks of exploitation of society and the masses within it. This conjunction is re-introducing within contemporary post-society Medieval concepts of abuse that marketed as 'necessary' or 'empowering' create new categories: neo-serfs, micro-thievery on global scale or legal unethical exploitations. By reducing people to 'Cars,' literally and setting up a Car Dealership - part of a new business venture called Lanfranco Aceti Inc. - the artwork re-introduced to Britain neo-serfs labour conditions in order to sustain economic growth and create new jobs. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact The performance took place between 7 - 11 June 2014 in Guildhall Square, Southampton Number of Visitors: 2000 
URL http://www.internetofcars.org.uk/lanfranco-aceti/
 
Title Flows by Duncan Shingleton 
Description Flows' explores Manuel Castells theory of the Space of Flows, proposed in The Rise of the Network Society (1996), which relates to network society and technologies role in a new type of space; made up of movement that brings distant elements - things and people - into an interrelationship through synchronous, real-time interaction. He proposes that flows are understood by the purposeful, repetitive, programmable sequences of exchange and interaction between physically disjointed positions held by social actors in the economic, political and symbolic structures of society. Therefore we can define flows as consisting of three elements - the medium through which things flow, the things that flow, and the nodes among which the flows circulate. 'Flows' interprets these three elements through the A354's ANPR cameras, CO2 emission ratings data and vehicles. 'Flows' scans registration plates in real-time across the six camera sites on the A354 between Dorchester and Weymouth. As vehicles pass the cameras a vehicle lookup enquiry is made to ascertain data on their CO2 emission rating, which is then used to drive Arduino controlled air turbines, generating movement in six particle filled acrylic tubes. As the total amount of CO2 emitted ebbs and flows, the air rate is increased and decreased in correlation, changing the velocity of the particles. At the same time the tubes are flooded with light corresponding to the now ubiquitous environmental ratings charts. In this way, the viewer gains insight into the immaterial flow of CO2 between Dorchester and Weymouth at any given moment in time. Video: http://vimeo.com/98233202 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact The installation was shown at the Turner Sim's Concert Hall between 3 June - 6 July 2014 Turner Sims, University of Southampton 10am - 5pm attracting 1800 visitors. It was also discussed by the artist at a special event held at the Winchester Science Centre: 1 July 2014 Winchester Science 6-8pm 
URL http://www.internetofcars.org.uk/shingleton/
 
Title Fronting Motion (2014) by Polak and Van Bekkum 
Description We face our opponents, human beings, just like us. We can see them but they are unaware of our watching. And although transformed to an abstract landscape, behind it we would be able to recognize them. One by one. What you are seeing is a landscape, taking place right now. Two realities merge into a panorama of a contemporary landscape. In the west, cars are coming right at you. In the east, you overlook the arriving and departing ships in the harbour taking their time. Everywhere you hear this constant noise, is it the sea you hear or is it the sound of a highway? There is no way to distinguish other than by seeing or imagining, because both are, as the Dutch poet Henk Ester claims, in E flat. "Fronting Motion" is an Internet based artwork by PolakVanBekkum Practical description. "Fronting Motion" consists of two screens and two surround soundscapes (automatically converted to stereo if applicable) facing each other. The work is based on two streams of live data: one coming from number plate recognition (ANPR) cameras along the A354, Dorchester-Weymouth, while the other stream originates from the vessel tracking system around the Nearby Southampton harbour, both in the UK. Both data streams are translated into a surround sound stream and a corresponding visual stream. Each stream is broadcast through its own url, which makes the piece technically very simple to present and flexible to any given space: it could be exhibited as a black box installation for art spaces, but also on two combined screens, of various sizes (computers, smartphones, pads, outdoor projection). Thus combined, the two streams create a multiphonic soundscape with two video screens: 1 screen plus surround/stereo represents the traffic flow on land, the other screen plus surround/stereo sound represents the traffic flow at sea. Tech specs: Use Chrome browser to experience this project if possible on two computer screens. Then go to: • www.frontingmotioneast.net [Southampton harbour data stream] • www.frontingmotionwest.net [ANPR camera data stream] Video: http://vimeo.com/69692883 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact The installation was shown at the following venues: 13 May - 23 May 2014, Bridport Arts Centre, Dorset 10am - 4pm 13 - 15 June, Guildhall Square, Southampton, 8am - 11.45pm Number of Visitors: Guildhall Square - 2000 Bridport Arts Centre- 580 
URL http://www.internetofcars.org.uk/polak-and-van-bekkum/
 
Title Router (2014) by Halford and Beard 
Description Router is the soundtrack to an imaginary movie which tells the story of a secret 'mobile prison' experiment by a sinister American G4S-style company. The company confines four guys in a van and condemns them to travel the roads of a coastal city in an endless voyage of the damned. Naturally, things go horribly wrong The voice-over is by a PR representative of the company who is trying to 'spin' the story of the experiment to dispel all the rumours and conspiracy theories that have developed. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact The sound piece was shown at the following venues: Venue and dates: 13 May - 23 May 2014 Bridport Arts Centre, Dorset 10am - 4pm 31 May - 8 July 2014 Winchester Science Centre 10am - 4pm 3 June - 6 July 2014 Turner Sims 10am - 5pm Special Events: 17 May 2014 Bridport Arts Centre, Special Screening and Artist Talk 7 - 9.30pm Number of Visitors: Bridport Arts Centre- 580 Turner Sims - 1800 Winchester Science Centre - 22000 
URL http://www.internetofcars.org.uk/halford-and-beard/
 
Title The Accident of Negligence and The Agency at the End of Civilisation (2014) by Stanza 
Description The artwork is a real time interpretation of the data of the Internet of Cars project using the number plate recognition system aligned with real time images from one hundred CCTV cameras in the region of South of England. The installation presents all this as a spatialised audio experience of spoken texts and generative visuals. The audience engages with the work as observer (of the surveillance and recorded space) looking at 24 screens, a dozen speakers, and a labyrinth of CCTV cameras built as an art installation presented on a plinth. The artworks makes use of future predictive software while at the same time exploring time from multiple perspectives in what Stanza calls a "Parallel Reality". Video: http://vimeo.com/97613466 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact The exhibit was displayed between 31 May - 8 July 2014 at Winchester Science Centre 10am - 4pm Number of Visitors: 22000 
URL http://www.internetofcars.org.uk/stanza/
 
Title The Car that Turned (2014) by Hollington and Kyprianou 
Description The 'classic' American road movie was both an emblem of achieving and escaping from the American Dream.The car, the road and the hero are the holy trinity of American cinema. But what would a convincing UK road movie look like? What architecture would it traverse today? How would the plot develop if it were constructed from the shapes and patterns of the ubiquitous data collected from ANPR technology? What would its journey tell us if the data were combined with how researchers approach and analyse the data? 'The Car That Turned' is in a sense a very British road movie - one whose structure is derived from the patterns that emerge from data collected by the UK's ANPR system, and whose on-screen narrative merges co-ordinates with the inferences drawn by human analysis - a 21st century version of Mass Observation, collecting information to understand to control and improve, and if that fails, to make do and mend'. Video Link: http://vimeo.com/94546120 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact The artwork was displayed at the following locations: Exhibition Dates: 13 May - 23 May 2014 Bridport Arts Centre, Dorset 10am - 4pm 31 May - 8 July 2014 Winchester Science Centre 10am - 4pm 3 June - 6 July 2014 Turner Sims 10am - 5pm Special Events: 17 May 2014 Bridport Arts Centre, Special Screening 7 - 9.30pm 1 June Winchester Science Centre, Special Screening and Artist talk 6-9pm Number of Visitors: Bridport Arts Centre- 580 Turner Sims - 1800 Winchester Science Centre - 22000 
URL http://www.internetofcars.org.uk/hollington-and-kyprianou/
 
Description What were the most significant achievements from the grant?

Generating new understanding of how neighbourhood search heuristics can realise time, distance and CO2 savings for waste collection companies servicing recycling bins equipped with remote fill monitoring sensors (Fraser McLeod, Gunes Erdogan, Tom Cherrett, Tolga Bektas, Nigel Davies, Duncan Shingleton, Chris Speed, Janet Dickinson, Sarah Norgate (2014). Improving collection efficiency through remote monitoring of charity assets. Waste Management. 34(2), 273-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2013.11.006)


Demonstrating how commercial grade smartphones can be used to effectively aid collaboration and understanding of transport requirements amongst area managers, shop managers and drivers in a charity logistics operation (Tom Cherrett, Duncan Shingleton, Ben Norton, Fraser McLeod, Camille Forey, Janet Dickinson, Chris Winstanley, Nigel Davies, Chris Speed, Sarah Norgate. Developing a smartphone app to enhance Oxfam's supply chain visibility. (In Press. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications . DOI: 10.1080/13675567.2014.980794.)

Presented the systems research community with a vision of how predictive services can be used to support mobile applications (Davies, N., M. Lau, C. Speed, T. Cherrett, J. Dickinson, S. Norgate, "Sixth Sense Transport : Challenges in Supporting Flexible Time Travel", To appear in Proc. Thirteenth Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications (HotMobile 2012), San Diego, CA.). This has been supported by the development of a prototype data hub for predictive applications.


Understanding how a variety of temporal issues (time-fluidity, daily and place related rhythms and control of time) influence tourism destination based travel behaviour and the need for transport scheduling systems to evolve beyond clock based scheduling. (Dickinson, J.E., Viachaslau, S., Cherrett, T., Davies, N., Norgate, S. Speed, C., Winstanley, C. (2013) Understanding temporal rhythms and travel behaviour at destinations: potential ways to achieve more sustainable travel. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 21(7), 1070-1090


Identifying how smartphones mediate tourism travel and the role they are playing and will play in enabling more collaborative and dynamic travel decision making to facilitate sustainable travel. (Dickinson, J.E., Ghali, K., Cherrett, T., Speed, C., Davies, N., Norgate, S. (2014) Tourism and the smartphone app: capabilities, emerging practice and scope in the travel domain. Current Issues in Tourism. 17(1), 84-101; Dickinson, J.E., Filimonau, V., Cherrett, T., Davies, N., Hibbert, F., Norgate, S., Speed, C. (2017) Lift-share using mobile apps in tourism: the role of trust, sense of community and existing lift-share practices. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2017.11.004)


Demonstrating a role for 'time' cultures when testing pro-environmental travel behaviours. (Norgate, S.H., Davies, N., Speed, C., Cherrett, T., & Dickinson, J. (2014) The missing dimension: The relevance of people's conception of time. Commentary on 'Mapping Collective Behaviour in the Big-data Era by R. Alexandrer Bentley & Michael J. O'Brien, Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 37(1), 93-94.)


Identifying from an international evidence base involving 9173 children: (a.) the extent to which walking school buses have impacted on children's health; (b.) the key barrier of waiting time quality related to the provision of walking school buses for primary schools that could potentially be transformed through the use of the "Where is my Walking School bus App?" (Smith, L., Norgate, S.H., Cherrett, T., Davies, N., Winstanley, C., & Harding, M., (in press) Walking School Buses as a Form of Active Transportation for Children: A Review of the Evidence. Journal of School Health). Also, demonstrating how a smartphone enabled walking school bus can improve the quality of the waiting experience and help promote more sustainable school travel across schools with different socio demographics.


Understanding, through practical demonstration, the challenges facing transport practitioners, policy makers and app developers in adopting collaborative travel apps, specifically: attracting users and identifying user need; maintaining balance in the reciprocal exchange; the use of incentives; subjective time pressure generated by these systems; and the types of communities where systems are most likely to succeed. (Dickinson, J.E., Filimonau, V., Cherrett, T., Davies, N., Hibbert, F., Norgate, S., Speed, C. (2017) Lift-share using mobile apps in tourism: the role of trust, sense of community and existing lift-share practices. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2017.11.004)


Demonstrating the extent to which regular vehicles can be identified in traffic streams during the morning and evening commutes using automatic number plate recognition data, and how their habitual arrival patterns can be used to identify abnormal traffic conditions (McLeod, F., Cherrett, T., Box, S., Waterson, B., Pritchard, J (2017) Using automatic number plate recognition data to investigate the regularity of vehicle arrivals. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 17 (1).)


Establishing a publicly accessible vocabulary regarding the potential for new models of transport based upon social networking principles and smartphone technology that offer potential transport options in time and space (Speed, C., Shingleton, D., Box, S., Cherrett, T., Dickinson, J., Davies, N. & Norgate, S. An Internet of Cars, UTSG 45th Annual Conference, University of Oxford, January 2013.


The development and testing of three experimental smartphone apps designed to help users across three separate domains (tourism, logistics and school run travel) visualise transport and collaborative opportunities around them in space and time. Elements from all the apps have been or are being taken forward by industry:

i) (Keyfort, an IT engineering company (www.keyfort.co.uk) worked with Oxfam to develop their FreightVista fleet management system. They incorporated specific functionality developed from the 6STOxfam app. The system became operational in February 2015)
ii) A series of Local Authorities and third sector organisations (Dorset County Council, South Somerset Council, Yarlington Housing Association, Wester Hailes Health Agency) trialled derivatives of the 6STCamping app (6STTravel and LinkLocal ) across a range of rural and urban communities.
iii) Partnerships were developed with Modeshift UK, Modeshift Northwest, Transport for Greater Manchester, district councils or authorities (e.g. Trafford, Manchester city, Salford Urban Vision, Oldham, Wigan, Stockport, Bolton, Cumbria), as well as primary schools with the 'where is my walking school bus' app. There has also been interest from school leaders in Canada, USA and Europe.
iv) Following an interest in the concept of an Internet of Cars that capitalises on moving vehicles, Edinburgh Museums and Galleries, Lothian Buses and the University of Edinburgh developed the Travelling Treasures application for public release (iOS and Android). The app that combines museum information with bus data encourages tourists and locals to visit lesser known museums. Funded in part by a Scottish Funding Council via SICSA £40k.

The subsequent launch on the Apple App store and Google Play store of 3 apps using the concepts derived from the experimental apps in the trials (CoGet, Travelling Treasurers and Internet of Cars). CoGet (iOS only) is an experimental social logistics application that allows communities to move objects across dense urban contexts through the correlation of individual routines. The app was launched and demonstrated at Future Everything Festival, March 2014. Travelling Treasures (iOS and Android) is currently being trialled in Edinburgh by the Edinburgh Museum and Galleries and Lothian Buses. (see details above). The Internet of Cars application (iOS and Android) was launched to coincide with the large public engagement event of the same name across towns and cities in the south of England. The app allowed users to review events as well as submit the registration number of their own car so that others may scan it for information.

The prototype data hub we developed has been taken forward as part of an In The Wild project on Sustainable Transport. It was used to support several applications including new forms of highways maintenance scheduling systems and the Walking School Bus Application.


Demonstrating how the temporal patterns of traffic flow and our travel impacts can be better visualised by the public through commissioning digital artists who worked with the projects outcomes to produce six distinct pieces, viewed by over 26,000 people between 13th May and 8th July 2014. The Internet of Cars distributed exhibition occurred over venues in Bridport, Winchester and Southampton and consisted of a wide variety of art and design works. Highly engaging, the show took findings and technologies from the research project to develop experiences and artworks that engaged the public. The show was in part funded through the 6ST research project but was 'topped up' through a Digital Economy Telling Tales of Engagement award (£10k) and an Arts Council of England 'Grants for the Arts' award (£15k).
Exploitation Route Developing collaborative travel apps:

Our analysis identifies a number of strategies could be implemented by app developers and transport planners to help redress the reciprocal balance in collaborative travel apps (where offers of help dominate): user protocols; user champions; visualising successful exchanges and lurking behaviour; information sharing; demonstrating how help providers benefit; and making the exchange process easy.


Using smartphones and sensors to improve logistics operations:

The research with Oxfam has shown that commercial grade smartphones can be used to aid charity organisations manage their vehicle fleets and inventory while the use of heuristics to optimise collections from smart receptacles will reduce their transport footprint. The outputs from the project are currently being further developed by a software company and Oxfam.


Encouraging sustainable school travel:

Local authorities and schools will be able to use the 'where is my walking school bus?' app to help reduce local congestion around schools and encourage more walking over the last-mile. Android and iPhone versions of the app have been developed for roll-out.


Aiding traffic management through ANPR data:

Traffic control centres and automatic number plate recognition software providers will benefit from the new understanding gained on how identifying the arrival patterns of regular vehicles in the traffic stream can help reveal abnormal traffic conditions.

The systems research community have benefited from the new understanding generated on how predictive services can be used to support mobile applications.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Transport

URL http://www.sixthsensetransport.com
 
Description Our work to develop, trial and evaluate the three travel collaboration apps (6STCampsite, 6STTravel and LinkLocal) has proved pertinent at a time when dwindling public sector funds struggle to meet the population's needs and the government is seeking to empower the community to be self-reliant (Localism Act 2011). Through this period, a growing number of sharing communities have emerged and our work in the transport field is especially important as the largest gains from collaboration are likely to be achieved through sharing private vehicles as this is an underutilised resource. As a result our apps have attracted interest from public, commercial and third sector organisations, as well as individuals motivated to promote sharing in their community. This has led to additional trials (outlined above) and a Connected Communities follow-on grant awarded through the AHRC (Communities within Spaces of FlowsAH/L013258/1) which, among other things, explored how our collaborative travel apps might unlock community potential to achieve well-being gains. However, we have been cautious about the widespread optimism that our apps have received since the research identified a number of fundamental challenges that need to be tackled. Therefore, the most significant economic and societal impact lies in the understanding we have brought with respect to the challenges of app enabled collaborative travel. This will enable more informed choices about adoption of collaborative travel apps and appropriate strategies to successfully initiate and maintain use. The Travelling Treasures smart phone apps were trialled by the Edinburgh Museums and Galleries. Engagement was good and the use of local bus data to boost museum tourism has been warmly received as a demonstration of Internet of Things / Smart Cities thinking. A paper on the application was presented at the Digital Economy All Hands event in December 2014 (Speed, C., Shingleton, D. & Dickinson, J. (2014) Using city bus data as a platform for smart tourism. RCUK Digital Economy All Hands conference, London 2014. ) CoGet remains an experimental social logistics application that is a little too 'near future' for wide spread take up. However the application informs a highly engaging experience for participants who want to better understand the potential for people and transport as information carriers. Keyfort, an IT engineering company (www.keyfort.co.uk) worked with Oxfam to develop their FreightVista fleet management system. They incorporated specific functionality developed from the 6STOxfam app. Our work on the 6ST prototype data hub has fed directly into a number of additional research projects including TSB funded activities in the IoT domain (Smart Streets) and intelligent highways maintenance (Smart Clean). These projects are highly visible to industry in the UK. Our 'where is my walking school bus app?' has won a national award and is now being prepared for national roll out to schools and local authorities.
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description 'Telling Tales of Engagement'
Amount £10,108 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L02571X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2014 
End 08/2015
 
Description Communities within spaces of flows
Amount £39,648 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/L013258/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2014 
End 07/2014
 
Description RCUK Telling Tales of Engagement
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Funding ID TBC 
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2015 
End 08/2016
 
Description Smart Tourism/SICSA
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Travelling Treasures 
Organisation Government of Scotland 
Department Scottish Funding Council
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2014 
End 07/2014
 
Description Supporting Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Maintenance (Research In the Wild)
Amount £161,633 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K012614/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 01/2015
 
Title 6th Sense Transport - Camping app 
Description Teh 6th Sense Transport Camping app is for iPhone and allows tourists in a campsite community to make more sustainable transport decisions by sharing information with others to better inform of collaborative lift share and shopping opportunities. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2013 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The app has been trialled on tourist communities in Dorset and has spawned two derivatives 6ST Travel and LinkLocal for aiding collaborative travel and transport decision making in other types of community. 
URL http://www.sixthsensetransport.com/mobile-apps/6stcampsite/
 
Title 6th Sense Transport Travel app 
Description 6STTravel is a version of the 6STCampsite app adapted for use by communities outside the tourism domain written for the Apple iPhone. The app facilitates travel collaboration by allowing users to share information and offers/requests for lifts, shopping or other items. The app has been trialed in two rural communities in North Dorset and South Somerset. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2014 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The app has received considerable interest from various community groups and a further version, Link Local was subsequently derived. 
URL http://www.sixthsensetransport.com/mobile-apps/6sttravel/
 
Title Co-GET 
Description Across the connected city small things play a large part in sustaining the flow between people and places. Cups of tea, bottles of water, books, four way plug adaptors, bicycles, computers and many more objects are the 'things' that support the meeting of people and the jobs that they do. However, sometimes these things aren't where we need them, and flow is halted. If things knew where they were likely to be needed, perhaps they could ask passers-by to move them there. CoGet iPhone software reveals where things want to go, and asks the public to move them on their behalf. Connected to the net, and able to read the social complexity of a local area, CoGet lets objects control people?s movements by predicting where they need to be, and borrowing the legs of a human to move them. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2014 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact On general release through the Apple store 
URL https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/coget/id843552747?mt=8
 
Title CoGet 
Description Across the connected city small things play a large part in sustaining the flow between people and places. Cups of tea, bottles of water, books, four way plug adaptors, bicycles, computers and many more objects are the 'things' that support the meeting of people and the jobs that they do. However sometimes these things aren't where we need them, and flow is halted. If things knew where they were likely to be needed, perhaps they could ask passers-by to move them there. CoGet iPhone software reveals where things want to go, and asks the public to move them on their behalf. Connected to the net, and able to read the social complexity of a local area, CoGet lets objects control people's movements by predicting where they need to be, and borrowing the legs of a human to move them. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact In March 2014 we ran a series of workshops at the Future Everything festival in Manchester to better understand what it might be like to allow objects to 'piggy back' the urban routines that we perform on a daily basis so that they may move across the city. 
URL https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/coget/id843552747?mt=8
 
Title Comob Net 
Description https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/comob-net/id326303438?mt=8 Comob Net allows a group of people to see each others geographical locations in 'real-time' and connect them up with lines. To see your friends' locations, ask them to run the app and set the same group name on all phones in the settings tab. The application was designed for an arts / cultural project and has some features to support its use in galleries or in the street. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2013 
Impact Used in a host of conferences, workshops as underlying technology. Southern, J. & Speed, C. (2015) Sharing occasions at a distance: the different dimensions of comobility. In Moving Sites: Investigating Site-Specific Dance Performance Edited Victoria Hunter. Oxford: Routledge. 
URL http://www.comob.org.uk
 
Title FreightVista 
Description FreightVista has been developed by Keyfort and is based on the original 6STOxfam app developed as part of the project. Charities, like most organisations, are constantly looking at ways of both increasing revenues and reducing costs. For charities with a significant high street presence, transportation and logistics is one of their major costs. Donations at shops and banks are occurring 24 x 7, all needing to be collected, sorted and distributed. Lacking the resources of major commercial retailers, and with a significant dependence on volunteers, charities have a unique set of issues around managing the logistics of donation collection and distribution. In conjunction with the University of Southampton, Keyfort has developed a cloud based application, FreightVista for Charities, which manages the complete lifecycle from donation through to central collection. It contains three elements: 1) Shop View A single and easy web page with large and self-explanatory boxes to input the daily donations (clothes sacks, shoe sacks, book sacks etc.). Urgent requests for collection are a click away. 2) Transport Manager View A comprehensive set of functions that allow the scheduling of collections by the vehicle fleets, highly visual views using Google maps to view all the shops, banks and track the drivers in real-time. 3) Driver App A smartphone application that enables each driver to hold their daily collection schedule and record collections as they occur. GPS allows the transport managers to see where the drivers are and to re-schedule or re-route if required. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact It is now used in over 75 shops by Oxfam 
URL http://keyfort.co.uk/solutions/software/freightvista
 
Title Link Local 
Description LinkLocal is an iPhone app that borrows much of the functionality of 6ST Travel and allows people to share resources. The app has been trialled across the Wester-Hailes community in Edinburgh to better understand how it can support sharing within the community. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2014 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Dialogue is currently underway with a British Motorsports Society (beermountain.com) to trial the Linklocal app at the Le Mans event in France. 
URL http://www.sixthsensetransport.com/mobile-apps/linklocal/
 
Title Sixth Sense Transport Oxfam App 
Description App for iphone/iPad which allows drivers, area managers, shop managers and volunteers to visualise vehicle paths and stock availability in real time. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2013 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The 6ST Oxfam app was used to investigate how smartphones could be used in a charity community to better manage the vehicles and stock in the network. Elements of the app are currently being take forward by Oxfam working with Keyfort Ltd. 
URL http://www.sixthsensetransport.com/mobile-apps/6stoxfam/
 
Title Sixth Sense Transport Walking School Bus App 
Description The 6th Sense Transport Walking School Bus (WSB) App allows parents and WSB co-ordinators to visualise where a WSB is and when it will be arriving at certain pre-defined stops to pick up children. The app was written for the iPhone. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2013 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Partnerships have been developed with Modeshift UK, Modeshift Northwest, Transport for Greater Manchester, district councils and local authorities (e.g. Trafford, Manchester city, Salford Urban Vision, Oldham, Wigan, Stockport, Bolton, Cumbria), as well as primary schools. There has also been interest from school leaders in Canada, USA and Europe. The app won a national award at Modeshift (November 2013) under the section 'partnership' engagement. 
URL http://www.sixthsensetransport.com/mobile-apps/wsb-mobile-app/
 
Title goWSB 
Description goWSB is a real-time tracking smart mobility service which enables families to visualise the progression of their child's walking school bus (WSB) towards school. This webpage gives details of the research. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Changing travel behaviour of children attending educational institutions. 
URL http://gowsb.com
 
Title goWSB 
Description goWSB makes it quick, free and simple to coordinate the morning school walk. The app is available on iOs and Android Walking School Buses (WSBs) involve children walking together to school as a group supervised by a coordinator. App Features: - goWSB is an innovative application that exploits real-time information to enable families to track the WSB as it travels along designated stops and reaches the school. - You can get a real-time estimate of the WSBs' arrival time at your chosen stop and a visualisation of when it arrives at the school. - Download the routes provided by your school and choose the route your child will take. - You can securely add your child to the WSB's register so that the coordinator knows which stop to pick them up at. - Coordinators can use the application to track their position on the way to school. This runs in the background so they can forget about the phone, put it in their pocket and concentrate on looking after your children. - You can receive a 2 minute alert when the WSB is about to reach your stop. - Works anywhere you have a GPS and data connection. Use goWSB to: - Better coordinate your morning routine with real-time knowledge of where the WSB is. - Get ready for a certain time with real-time predictions of when the WSB will get to your stop. - Let the coordinator know whether your child is getting on the WSB that day. - Check that your child safely got to school. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact goWSB is holding a National Walking School Bus Competition to coincide with national walk to school week in May 2016. The app is being promoted to schools on the back of this (http://www.gowsb.com) 
URL http://www.gowsb.com
 
Description 'How to share mobile trace data to enable applications in the transport sector' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dialogue and debate with the delegates

Contributed to the knowledge base in this area
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description 'Integrating social media and highways maintenance activities' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented to the United Kingdom's Intelligent Transport Society's, Freight Interest Group meeting, ('Social Media and the 'Internet of Things'- Tools for smarter logistics?') held on 20/12/11 at the University of Westminster. The presentation was well received by the delegates and lead to some lengthy discussions.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description 'The scope for the Internet of Things in Logistics' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented to the United Kingdom's Intelligent Transport Society's, Freight Interest Group meeting, ('Social Media and the 'Internet of Things'- Tools for smarter logistics?') held on 20/12/11 at the University of Westminster. Talked generated discussion and dialogue

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description An Internet of Cars: connecting the flow of things to people, artefacts environments and businesses 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact International workshop, 'Next generation mobile computing for dynamic personalised travel planning' at the 2012 Mobisys conference (June 26th, Low Wood Bay, United Kingdom. Presentation stimulated dialogue and discussion

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Breaching the Smart Home, GIST / HCI Glasgow University. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to reflect on research from the series of projects that engage with Internet of Things technology.
Strong discussion followed and further interest in the subjects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Call me a cab - and get me top tourist attractions as well 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article published in The Scotsman. Led to more enquiries about the Travelling Treasures app

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Citadel: A community platform for archiving travel data 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact International workshop, 'Next generation mobile computing for dynamic personalised travel planning' at the 2012 Mobisys conference (June 26th, Low Wood Bay, United Kingdom. The presentation generated discussion and dialogue between the delegates

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Designing within an Internet of Things 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote address: Designing within an Internet of Things, at "The 1st International
Symposium on Art & Technology" held by NTUE and ATATW, Taipei, Taiwan. 10th-11th
January 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.digiarts.org.tw/english/News_Content.aspx?n=1740ACA76BD509B7&s=4E47E7C6E9653B18
 
Description Developing a social networking tool for collaborative travel in tourism 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ITS (UK) half-day seminar. "Social Networks in Transport". BAE Systems Detica, Blue Fin Building, 4th Floor, 110 Southwark Street, London, SE1 0SU, UK 15 November 2012, 10:30 - 16:30. Presentation stimulated discussion and dialogue amongst delegates

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Festival of Learning Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bournemouth University Festival of Learning (a series of educational events open to the general public): workshop - Using your 6th Sense - an activity using the 6ST Campsite app to move objects for other people. June 2013.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Internet of Cars - artist exhibitions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Engaged members of the public in the subject of traffic flow, traffic management and control.

Demonstrating how the temporal patterns of traffic flow and our travel impacts can be better visualised by the public through commissioning digital artists who worked with the 6st Transport project's outcomes to produce six distinct pieces, viewed by over 26,000 people between 13th May and 8th July 2014. The Internet of Cars distributed exhibition occurred over venues in Bridport, Winchester and Southampton.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.internetofcars.org.uk/
 
Description Locating the Flow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Description: The Locating the Flow performance will embed participants within a social network using the Sixth Sense Travel App to explore the flow of objects and information across Zayed University. The aim of this participatory promenade performance is to introduce participants to two new smart phone Apps that demonstrate how network technology can use patterns within existing industrial and social activities to reveal new opportunities for sharing.

Date: 5 November
Duration: 3 hours
Timing: 9:00am - 12:00pm
Audience: ISEA Delegates
Level: Intermediate
Venue: Zayed University, Dubai - Room D-L1-054 and Atrium
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.isea2014.org/en/Symposium_program/Workshops.aspx
 
Description Moving Behaviours: Connecting Travel 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 23 June 2015 12-5.30pm Transport Systems Catapult

A three year program of research comprising 5 projects, funded to the tune of £6 million, to focus upon the determinants and incentives for changing travel behaviour, habits and practice is nearing its completion.
The event shared with industry and government some of the complexity that surrounds behaviour, solutions that have been found to work, and how to use data to reveal new patterns.

Highlights included:
- A 3-year empirical study of people's everyday lives that reveals the complexity and barriers to change by looking at disruptions that force people to change
- How commuters and communities engage with electrically assisted cycling and observe car miles drop by 20%
- How to use new datasets to reveal new usage patterns
- How to change peoples' behaviour to reduce travel emissions
- How to recalibrate the flow of people and transport through a series of innovative digital apps in tourism, transport and logistics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.travelbehaviours.net
 
Description Moving Behaviours: Designing City Connections 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 15 June 5-7.30pm
Future Cities Catapult Urban Innovation Centre

A three year program of research comprising 5 projects, funded to the tune of £6 million, to focus upon the determinants and incentives for changing travel behaviour, habits and practice is nearing its completion.
Shared with industry and government some of the complexity that surrounds behaviour, solutions that have been found to work, and how to use data to reveal new patterns.

The event highlighted:
- A 3-year empirical study of people's everyday lives that reveals the complexity and barriers to change by looking at disruptions that force people to change
- How commuters and communities engage with electrically assisted cycling and observe car miles drop by 20%
- How to use new datasets to reveal new usage patterns
- How to change peoples' behaviour to reduce travel emissions
- How to recalibrate the flow of people and transport through a series of innovative digital apps in tourism, transport and logistics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.travelbehaviours.net
 
Description Oberlander, J. & Speed, C. (2015) Designing Human Data Interactions Panel at the 2015 British HCI Conference (British HCI '15), June, Lincoln. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oberlander, J. & Speed, C. (2015) Designing Human Data Interactions Panel at the 2015 British HCI Conference (British HCI '15), June, Lincoln.

This panel will explore the implications of emerging ecosystems and an agenda for designing human data interactions, that goes beyond the organization and understanding of data, toward the development of platforms that balance the values of all stakeholders within complex digital economic systems to offer a level of commensurability with a service.

The panel brought together Speed, Oberlander, Luger and Haddadi and was warmly received as a positive debate surrounding how to design through Human Data Interactions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://british-hci2015.org/program/panels/#HDI
 
Description Pecha Kucha Visions of Future Cities, Institute for Future Cities, Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The City Observatory hosted a Pecha Kucha Glasgow night in collaboration with Taktal: "Visions of Future Cities".
10 speakers from diverse backgrounds presented, using 20 slides for 20 seconds only, what their vision of the Future City is.

Speed presented work across AHRC and EPSRC grants that described the future of the city.

Lots of positive engagement through the topics of AI, IoT and the city
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://ifuturecities.com/pecha-kucha-glasgow-night-visions-of-future-cities/
 
Description PhD workshop using the 6ST Campsite app to explore travel collaboration. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact PhD workshop using the 6ST Campsite app to explore travel collaboration - The Forge, Lancaster University. Students engaged with the 6ST campsite app and debated the wider uses of such approaches.

Further liaison with PhD students in their studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Predicting and visualising congestion to enable fluid tourism travel 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dialogue and discussion with delegates

This International workshop generated a lot of debate and ideas for future research areas
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Scotland Internet of Things conference, invited talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Scotland Internet of Things conference, invited talk

200 approx members of diverse IoT community listened to research from the various projects and has led to further meetings with SMEs to discuss future projects and engagements.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.iotevents.org/iot-scotland-2015?format=html
 
Description Sixth Sense Transport - Reducing/re-distributing transport options through a flexible interpretation of time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation by Sarah Norgate at Modeshift, February 27th, Friargate, Derby, 2012. The presentation generated dialogue and discussion

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Speed, C., Maxwell, D., Tynan-O'Mahony, F., Mehrpouya, H., and Monsen, K. (2015) PuBliC. Workshop at Future Everything conference, 26th-27th February, Manchester. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact PuBliC is a collaborative project from the Centre for Design Informatics, University of Edinburgh and the Manchester Cycling Lab, which sent people out into the city as sensors to gather data, ideas, and insights that were integrated into a research paper published at the end of the day.

Very popular 2 day event that led to the paper:
31 authors including Maxwell, D., & Speed, C. (2015) Re-writing the City: Negotiating and Reflecting on Data Streams. British HCI 2015, 13-17 July 2015, Lincoln. [Accepted] 

Lots of positive feedback and the co-authoring of the paper subverted many traditional academic practices toward policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://futureeverything.org/events/public-2/
 
Description Speed: Designing Through the City as Database. Designing Smart Cities : Opportunities and Regulatory Challenges, CREATe: RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK. 31st-1st April. 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Designing Through the City as Database. Designing Smart Cities : Opportunities and Regulatory Challenges, CREATe: RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK. 31st-1st April. 2015.

Speed introduced research across transport and IoT to explore the implications of designing within smart cities.

Warmly received and led to further presentations and conversations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2014/11/06/designing-smart-cities/
 
Description The use of smartphone technology in creating a bottom up approach to behaviour channge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Bridging the science-policy gap
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Things That Go Bump In The Night, Caithness International Science Festival, 18th March, 2015, Wick. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A suite of talks at the Caithness International Science Festival to the General Public and local Schools explored the implications of the Internet of Things.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://community.caithness.org/article.php?id=4955
 
Description Travel Behaviours Network, Future Cities Catapult 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Travel Behaviours Network, Future Cities Catapult, London. 15th June. & Travel Behaviours
Network, Transport Catapult Catapult, Milton Keynes 23rd June.

A three year program of research comprising 5 projects, funded to the tune of £6 million, to focus upon the determinants and incentives for changing travel behaviour, habits and practice is nearing its completion.

Event objective was to share with industry and government some of the complexity that surrounds behaviour, digital solutions that have made a difference, how to use data to reveal new patterns, and what to do to observe car miles drop by 20%.

Programme:

5-6pm Pecha Kucha style presentations from the Travel Behaviours Network and the Future Cities Catapult
6-7.30pm Drinks reception and demos
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.urbaninnovationcentre.org.uk/event/moving-behaviours-designing-city-connections
 
Description University of Leeds Institute for Transport Studies, ESRC Social Science Network for Transport & Travel, 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Informed discussion and progression of knowledge

Expanded Knowledge base
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Using remote monitoring data for dynamically scheduling collections and visualising transport options 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article in ITS United Kingdom Review Autumn/Winter 2012. Disseminating research findings to the wider practitioner community via ITSUK.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012