Sensor Signal Processing

Lead Research Organisation: Heriot-Watt University
Department Name: Sch of Engineering and Physical Science

Abstract

The fundamental challenges for signal processing are: how best to sense; how to distribute the processing and communication of the data within the network to maximize performance and minimize cost; how to analyze it to extract the salient information. Signal processing is the glue which holds together much of modern technology. The algorithms underpinning mobile communications, medical imaging, image rendering for games and many other technologies were all developed within the global signal and image processing research community. Today the world is an environment of pervasive interconnected sensing with the associated requirement to extract useful information from the large volumes of data that arise. In applications of defence, homeland security and environmental monitoring there is a need to collect and combine data from a range of sensors of widely differing complexity (e.g. from satellite imaging to ground based motion detectors) to achieve persistent wide area monitoring of a scene of interest. This can assist in the assessment of threats, e.g. the planting of improvised explosive devices, the long-term ecological effects of deforestation, or the monitoring of time critical events such as devastation by fire or flood. On the roads the external monitoring of traffic flow by closed circuit television networks, junction-based pressures sensors and GPS create an opportunity when combined with on-vehicle sensors (e.g. lidar, radar and video) to provide driver assistance and ultimately automatic driving systems. This Platform proposal seeks funding for a foundation for our research team in addressing these challenges.

Planned Impact

Actions we propose within our Platform to deliver impact are as follows:

(i) Enable a range of research projects to be undertaken, specifically:

a. Exploratory projects will allow risky but potentially ground-breaking ideas to be explored.
b. Reactive projects which permit a rapid response to exciting and unexpected new approaches that arise from our own research or from international groups;

Both of the above approaches provide a pathway to delivering impact to our academic community.

c. Proof of concept studies with our industrial partners to explore early implementation of our algorithms;

The above allows us to accelerate the uptake of our research by industry by working directly with them to implement our algorithms in systems, if successful this would offer significant opportunities for economic impact.

(ii) Provide continuity and bridging funds to retain key postdoctoral researchers and exceptional graduating PhD students thus allowing longer term career planning;
(iii) Facilitate strong interaction with other research communities for application-specific sensing challenges via interdisciplinary workshops with industrial and academic collaborators, (outputs could highlight research trends, develop position papers and initiate short-term feasibility studies;
(iv) Develop and enhance our collaborations via two-way exchanges with industrial and international research teams via extended stays (1-month) in major international laboratories for our researchers.

All of the above ensure that our PDRAs have superb opportunities to develop their careers by offering them stability in their career at a critical time, presenting opportunities to interact with colleagues in the international research community, and also to engage with industry to see their algorithmic research implemented in potential products.
 
Description This grant was focused on developing advanced signal processing methods for a wide range of application domains.
Exploitation Route Our work will be taken forward in several ways

1. In the development of advanced SAR systems by industry, e.g. Selex ES.

2. By Medical companies such as GE in developing new MRI scanning methods.

3. By Life Science companies in analysing their data e.g Agilent
Sectors Electronics,Healthcare,Security and Diplomacy

 
Description Publications form this grant have led to the development of two pieces of software used by companies to improve their systems.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software)
Impact Types Economic

 
Description AFRL-AFOSR
Amount $75,000 (USD)
Funding ID AFRL-AFOSR-UK-TR-2014-0027 
Organisation Air Force Research Laboratory 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 02/2014 
End 06/2014
 
Description Agilent Research Collaboration (IAA funds) 2013-14
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Agilent Technologies 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 04/2013 
End 10/2013
 
Description Agilent Research Collaboration (IAA funds) 2014-15
Amount £27,000 (GBP)
Organisation Agilent Technologies 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 06/2014 
End 06/2015
 
Description BAe
Amount £22,000 (GBP)
Organisation BAE Systems 
Department BAE Systems Electronics Systems
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2015
 
Description DGA Fellowship
Amount € 53,000 (EUR)
Organisation Directors Guild of America (DGA) Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Description FP7-ITN
Amount € 320,000 (EUR)
Funding ID MacSeNet 642685 (H2020) 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2014 
End 09/2018
 
Description FP7-ITN
Amount € 546,575 (EUR)
Funding ID SpaRTAN 607290 (FP7) 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2015 
End 04/2018
 
Description FP7-ITN
Amount € 840,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 607774 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2017
 
Description GE Global Research 2014-15
Amount $328,000 (USD)
Organisation General Electric 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 11/2014 
End 04/2016
 
Description Keysight Donations
Amount £6,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 4169 
Organisation Keysight Technologies 
Sector Private
Country Unknown
Start 10/2015 
End 03/2016
 
Description Responsive Mode
Amount £601,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/M008916/1 (Edinburgh), EP/M008843/1 (HWU) 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2015 
End 02/2018
 
Description SEA Ltd
Amount £16,500 (GBP)
Organisation Systems Engineering & Assessment Ltd 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Description Selex ES Inter Mural Funding
Amount £18,600 (GBP)
Organisation Selex ES 
Department SELEX Galileo Ltd
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2016
 
Description US Dept Homeland Security
Amount $328,000 (USD)
Organisation Government of the United States of America 
Department Department of Homeland Security
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 05/2014 
End 06/2016
 
Title Fast parallel SAR back projection code 
Description Developed novel method for fast back projection code for Synthetic Aperture Radar System 
Type Of Technology New/Improved Technique/Technology 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact Software was Licensed to Selex ES, work was done jointly under two grants EP/K0142771/1 and EP/J015180/1 
 
Title Parametric Dictionary Design and Constrained Overcomplete Analysis Operator Learning for Cosparse Signal Modelling 
Description Software to assist with dictionary design in compressed sensing systems for use in signal processing systems such as radar systems 
Type Of Technology New/Improved Technique/Technology 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact Software used by UK industry to explore application of software to Radar systems 
URL http://www.mehrdadya.com