India-UK Advanced Technology Centre (IU-ATC) in Next Generation Networks Systems and Services (Phase Two Follow-on)

Lead Research Organisation: Lancaster University
Department Name: Computing & Communications

Abstract

This is a follow-on proposal for a Phase Two from the highly successful Phase One under EPSRC funding (GR EP/G051674/1; EP/G049874/1; EP/G049939/1; EP/G050600/1; EP/G05178X/1; EP/G053847/1;EP/G054886/1; EP/G055610/1; EP/F030118/1) of the IU-ATC which was for an initial 30-month period of a 5-year project envisioned by EPSRC and DST. The IU-ATC project represents the largest collaboration of its kind between UK and India and as such provides a unique and internationally competitive research eco-system to be further leveraged for maximum impact. As commented by the EPSRC Review Panel that met on 15th August (i) "The panel were positive about the success of Phase 1 of IU-ATC, commenting that they were impressed with the achievements of the consortium so far in the face of the significant challenge of making a consortium work across numerous institutions and country boundaries.", (ii) "The panel were clear that there is no question of the huge capacity that the IU-ATC has built over phase 1." A summary of our strengths is provided in the Joint 2-page (planning for IU-ATC Phase 2) document submitted to EPSRC-DST on August 5th 2011 (attached). In summary there has been 246 international Conference Papers, 106 Journal Papers ( with 31 papers still under review), Papers under dissemination 31 , 6 Books , and 10 Technical Reports. Of particular significance are the 15 Patents Submitted, the 8 technical Prototypes built and the 12 Technical Testbeds / Demonstrators that support the work of the team in both countries.

As we plan for Phase 2, we have reflected on our outputs to-date and also the recently published strategic research priorities from EPSRC published in July 2011 on Global Uncertainties , Healthcare, Digital Economy, E-Infrastructure, Intelligent Information Infrastructure, Working Together and DST 11th Plan, DST SAC respectively. In light of the respective national priorities for ICT Research and Innovation that have been identified by EPSRC-DST, there are a number of directly relevant "grand challenges" which we highlighted in our 2-page plan for the respective EPSRC-DST Review Committees on 5th August 2011 (attached).


Leveraging the capacity that has been developed in IU-ATC Phase 1, we will take into consideration some of the respective national priorities areas as listed in 1..7 above and the key recommendations of the EPSRC-DST review Panels. As evidenced from the EPSRC Review Panel a specific recommendation was made that whilst we should strive to have commonality of approach between work areas in both countries we should not 'force-fit' all research activities to both countries. Given this recommendation, we have developed a plan of innovative research that attempts to address global issues, common challenges and respective national priorities.

Publications

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Alberto Schaeffer-Filho (Author) (2013) PReSET: A_ Toolset for the Evaluation of Network Resilience Strategies in in proceedings of IFIP/IEEE Integrated Network Management Symposium (IM 2013)

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Alberto Schaeffer-Filho (Author) (2013) Simulation and Evaluation of Network Resilience with PReSET in in proceedings of IFIP/IEEE Integrated Network Management Symposium (IM 2013)

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Alberto Schaeffer-Filho (Author) (2012) Management Patterns for Network Resilience: Design and Verification of Policy Configurations in in proceedings of 1st International Workshops Cyberpatterns 2012

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Angelos Marnerides (Author) (2013) Internet Traffic Classification under Energy Time-Frequency Distributions in in proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications, IEEE ICC 2013,

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Da Silva A (2015) Resilience support in software-defined networking: A survey in Computer Networks

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Hudic, A. (2014) Towards Continuous Cloud Service Assurance for Critical Infrastructure IT in in proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Future Internet of Things and Cloud

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Hudic, A.; A Multi-Layer and Multi-Tenant Cloud Assurance Evaluation Methodology in proceedings of 6th IEEE International Conference on Cloud Computing Technology and Science,

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Marnerides, A. (2013) Malware Analysis in Cloud Computing: Network and System Characteristics in in proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference 2013

 
Description The work developed within IU-ATC Group 2 WP 4 produced a number of major finding rested to resilient networks and the provision and cloud resilience, including malware detection in Cloud environments. These findings help to provide more secure network and cloud services and to ensure that these can be used more reliably and safely. As such the results are crucial for the the further development of products and services based on cloud environments since they safeguard commercial as well as data protection interests. This has been achieved through producing results in major research areas such as anomaly and malware detection, distributed systems architectures and network management.

The key findings are:
(1) Multi-layered policy-based resilience management provides flexibility in the configuration of system/network components to adapt in response to events and context changes. This is a key property when building resilient systems and networks, This result is a further development of the policy based resilience work in Phase I; (2) Anomaly detection mechanisms that help to identify unusual events of different scales and allow further causal attribution; (3) Malware detection in clouds is feasible and can help to make cloud environments more resilient. This is even the case when considering specific cloud properties related to virtualisation and dynamic resource management (e.g. VM migration). This has resulted in a patent proposal together with an industry partner
Exploitation Route Parts of the research finding are currently being considered for patenting, i.e. IP protection is ongoing. This has been initiated by our industry partner BT who see opportunities in using the developed technology as part of their service offering. Further, the policy-based resilience framework and simulator has been used by a number of other institutions in their own research. This is an open source toolkit and through these partners further contributions have been made,

Additionally, the work has resulted in further funding of students (e.g. through CASE studentships with EADS), and research projects on national and EU level.
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Security and Diplomacy

URL http://www.scc.lancs.ac.uk/PReSET/
 
Description In research activities led by Lancaster has resulted in 21 papers overall of which there are 5 journal papers. The papers focus on resilience and security aspects in computer networks and the cloud, but also span across into the other domains of IU-ATC (e.g. energy efficiency, content distribution) on security and resilience in computer networks. Additionally, 1 PhD dissertation is being complete and 5 Master dissertations have been completed in Lancaster in areas related to IU-ATC. Within the IU-ATC project the collaboration between the UK and Indian partners has continued to strengthen, both in academia and industry. This allowed us to jointly explore and combine expertise (from the UK and Indian sides) in the area of multi-level network resilience framework for end-to-end monitoring including system aspects as they occur in Cloud computing. Research results obtained in IU-ATC Theme have also resulted in efforts to protect the IP generated. Together with our Industry partner BT we are currently filing a patent application in the area of detect of malware infection in Cloud environments specifically considering system dynamics and elasticity. The research aspects investigated by Lancaster has attracted further investment in the form of two joint CASE studentships with EADS. A third studentship related to IU-ATC with EADS is currently being negotiated. Further, the research has helped to bit successfully for further projects on the European and national level. Also, part from the links to India the project has also allowed us to establish links to Austria (i.e. Austrian Institute of Technology) and Brazil (i.e. the Federal University of Rio Grande de Sul, UFRGS). This strengthens the international links the IU-ATC has created. Finally, results of the project have contributed to the discussion with society, policy makers and the wider public (.e.g at an event of the Industry and Parliament Trust on Cyber Security).
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Airbus Group
Amount £97,121 (GBP)
Funding ID CASE-EADS 
Organisation Airbus Group 
Sector Private
Country France
Start 05/2012 
End 04/2015
 
Description BT
Amount £95,838 (GBP)
Funding ID CASE-BT 
Organisation BT Group 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2011 
End 06/2014
 
Description EU FP7 Project SECCRIT
Amount € 450,000 (EUR)
Funding ID FP7-SEC-2012-1, grant agreement no 312758 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2013 
End 12/2015
 
Title PReSET Network Resilience Simulator 
Description This is a network simulator that helps to asses policy based resilience methodologies 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact It has been used by research partners in India, Austria, Australia and Brazil to assess resilience policies in networked environments 
URL http://www.scc.lancs.ac.uk/PReSET/
 
Description Austrian Institute of Technology collaboration in Cloud Assurance 
Organisation Austrian Institute of Technology
Country Austria 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Within this collaboration Dr. Andreas Mauthe spent three months at AIT Vienna to jointly do research in the areas of Cloud Assurance as a basic concept for more formalised Cloud resilience and security.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have provided funding for the stay as well as facilities that were require during the visit. The partner also provided contact to various Austrian partners (user and research partners) to discuss and carry out research.
Impact There have been two conference publications, one journal, and one communications letter paper so far. Further, two project proposals have been submitted as a result of this collaboration
Start Year 2013
 
Description Cross-layer WiFi Security 
Organisation University College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This work aims to bind the information-theoretical aspect of physical layer security in WiFi networks and overcomes limitations posed by cryptographic methods.
Collaborator Contribution Lancaster contribution was on the algorithmic aspect of anomaly detection within the collaboration
Impact The collaboration has resulted in joint publications at the IEEE INFOCOM Workshop on Communication and Networking Techniques for Contemporary Video 2014, and IEEE ICNC 2015
Start Year 2012
 
Description Energy Management for Wireless Sensor Networks 
Organisation University of Toronto
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This work addresses the aspect of energy management for highly demanding multimedia applications running on sensor networks.
Collaborator Contribution Lancaster has focused on algorithmic aspects of energy distribution and management.
Impact There are papers in submission and the results of this activity has contributed to our work on SCADE systems
Start Year 2012
 
Description FP 7 SECCRIT (SEcure Cloud computing for CRitical infrastructure IT) 
Organisation Lancaster University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We worked on the systems aspect of malware detection in the Cloud and provided our results on the actual detection under different scenarios to the project partners.
Collaborator Contribution The project partners worked on the network anomaly detection aspects in Cloud environments. They also provide part of a test-bed that is jointly used
Impact Maint output to date are joint publications, specifically: - Shirazi, N., Simpson, S., Marnerides, A., K., Watson, M., Mauthe, A., Hutchison, D., Assessing the Impact of Intra-Cloud Live Migration on Anomaly Detection to appear in IEEE CLOUDNET 2014, Luxembourg, October, 2014 - Marnerides, A., K., Watson, M., Shirazi, N., Mauthe, A., Hutchison, D., Malware Analysis in Cloud Computing: Network and System Characteristics , in IEEE Global Communications Conference 2013, IEEE GLOBECOM CCSNA workshop 2013, Atlanta, USA, December, 2013
Start Year 2013
 
Description Internet Traffic Classification , Network Security, Cloud Computing 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This collaboration aims to provide novel mechanisms for improved traffic classification that would be a beneficial tool for network security within cloud environments.
Collaborator Contribution The partners in this collaboration had an equal share in terms of designing and implementing this tool
Impact A project proposal for the T3 call has been based on this. The proposal was successful
Start Year 2012
 
Description Research Partnership on Policy-based Resilience with UFRGS 
Organisation Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In this research collaboration issues related to policy-based resilience are being researched. Lancaster's contribution is in the area of anomaly detection and within the remediation framework. Further, there has been research on resilience in smart grids. Here Lancaster analysed the relevant data sets that underpin the research work on how to detect anomalies. A research visit of three months has taken place which was finance by CAPES, the Brazilian RC.
Collaborator Contribution UFRGS mainly focuses on the policy based aspects of the research. UFRGS has provided the hosting environment and also resources for tests and experiments.
Impact Four journal papers are being published. Further papers are under submission. Further, there is a research collaboration between the UFRGS and the Lancaster team of IU-ATC has been established.
Start Year 2013
 
Description A. Mauthe, Colloquium: "Resilience in Autonomic Network Architectures", TU Darmstadt, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Through this activity a better understanding of the IU-AC research and the results we achieved could be given. The talk resulted in further discussion on how network resilience can be considered within the DFG Sonderforschungsbereich MAKI

After my talk I was offered a position as TUD Research Fellow, a senior visiting researcher position
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description A. Mauthe: Anomaly detection in Cloud Computing, Presentation at AIT, Vienna 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Through this activity our collaboration with AIT could be strengthened and further discussions both joint project took place.

After my talk I was offered a three month visiting position and based on the discussion we developed research and project ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description A. Mauthe: Validation of Future Civil Security Technologies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Member of Expert Panel on Critical and Emerging Technologies for the Elaboration of a Security Research Agenda International expert panel on emerging technologies like homomorphic encryption, cognitive radio, indoor navigation, sensor technologies, small scale energy harvesting and smart textiles related to future scenarios. Awarding Body - European Commission, 7th Framework, Name of Scheme - ETCETERA Project

Further information requests and discussions with participants in the panel and other projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description A. Mauthe: etwork and System Resilience , Research Presentation at UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact There has been increased discussion and request for further joint research after this presentation

After my presentation I was asked if we can host researchers from Brazil and if further joint research is possible.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Marneriderides, A.., Malware Detection in the Cloud under Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition, March 2014, Austrian Institute of Technology (AIT), 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The results of this activity was an increased collaboration between Lancaster and AIT

The main impact is the increased engagement regarding projects and further research opportunities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Marnerides, A., K., Insights of Malware Analysis in Cloud Environments, November 2013, University College London (UCL) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The presentation resulted in further discussions on Malware detection in Cloud environments with UCL colleagues

Raising awareness of IU-ATC and the research carried out by Lancaster therein
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Marnerides, A., K., Internet Traffic Classification using Energy Time-Frequency Distributions, April 2013, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus (invited seminar talk) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talked sparked further discussion with research partners in Cyprus

Joint project opportunities are explored.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Marnerides, A., K., Online Malware Detection in the Cloud 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Further discussion amongst the research community in the UK about the results of Lancaster's research in IU-ATC.

After the presentation we had further discussions with potential partners from UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Position Statement at Industry and Parliament Trust Breakfast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr Andreas Mauthewas invited to speak at the Parliament Trust Breakfast in Westminster on "Defence in the Digital Age". The purpose of the event was to discuss openly opportunities created in the digital age, but also what safeguards are required to protect industries and infrastructures from cybercrime. It was attended by members of both houses of parliament, as well as senior decision makers from industry and government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ipt.org.uk/BlogDetail/tabid/248/ArticleID/430/Infrastructure-Resilience-Security-beyond-t...