SPICE: Silk Processing In Controlled Environments

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sheffield
Department Name: Materials Science and Engineering

Abstract

This fellowship will be used to assemble a new UK team of physical and life scientists with the aim of turning natural processes into engineering applications. Our goal is to discover new ways of sustainably processing naturally sourced materials which will in turn reduce the environmental footprint of oil-based polymers.

The majority of natural materials are grown. Silks, by definition, are spun. My own work has shown that in many ways silk spinning has more in common with industrial polymer extrusion; however there is one key difference, environmental impact. Silk is a high performance, biodegradable biopolymer spun at room temperature, with the only waste product being water. We have also recently demonstrated this process occurs at an energy cost around a thousand times less than a typical polymer. Such a unique source of inspiration is now more valuable than ever, as global industry faces increasing pressure from consumers and governments to find new ways of producing high quality yet fully sustainable materials.

The overall objective of this proposal is to develop the means to control the processing of biopolymers into structures with predictable properties. To achieve this, my team and I will use the state-of-the-art characterisation lab I have already assembled. This permits us to study our test materials before, during and after processing. First we will design a series of biomimetic spinning devices based on the shape and processing conditions of a natural silk gland. This device will be validated by spinning small amounts of native silk feedstocks with the aim of producing fibres indistinguishable from those spun naturally. Secondly we will use artificially produced silk feedstocks, which can be obtained in large quantities, to spin fibres with predictable properties and in amounts suitable for investigating new industrial applications. Thirdly using our knowledge of how best to process a silk feedstock, we will then investigate non-fibre based processing of these materials, namely blade coating to make films and 3D printing to make complex structures. Finally the team will subject a range of artificial biopolymer feedstocks to our processing techniques and assess their potential in terms of sustainability and performance.

The outputs from this project will encompass technological achievements and scientific insights. Technologically, the development of a biomimetic spinning rig will be the first of its kind and should be valuable as well as high profile. We will discover if an artificial feedstock can be processed into a material with properties equal to, if not better than, its natural progenitor. Extension of our spinning platform into other processing technologies will answer a highly controversial question "is silk a good material, or just a good fibre?" Investigating other biological materials, which have uses from food to healthcare, will reveal if it is possible to spin a biopolymer optimised for growth. Industry will be engaged throughout the project to identify we can learn from a system with 400 million years of research and development. Together, my team and I will provide an unprecedented understanding of how to sustainably process naturally sourced materials and the tools to drive this science into the 21st century.

Planned Impact

This Fellowship will support an emerging area of UK research and develop new ways to engage with industry and take science from the bench-top to the factory floor. Discovering new ways to process biologically sourced materials in a sustainable manner will have a broad scientific, technological and potentially environmental impact, affecting industries that depend on biopolymers, the researchers employed on the grant and several academic communities (see Academic Beneficiaries) and the general public.

Impact on the Economy
Development of novel technologies for the controlled extrusion of biopolymers will have several impacts in industry. From the generation of patents to products and the potential formation of spin-out companies the initial outputs will be manifest in the high tech silk industry. This is a market predicted to be worth billions and has several UK companies invested in this area (e.g. www.xiros.eu.com, www.oxfordbiomaterials.com), primarily in healthcare sectors. If it is possible to control the processing of a range of biopolymers the impact will extend to other industries, for example medical (collagens), food (soy) and materials (cellulose). The knowledge generated from this project will also potentially improve techniques surrounding the design and wet-processing of novel synthetic polymers enabling access to new low energy, sustainable routes to fabrication. Additionally the tools developed to analyse these materials during processing has already generated interest from UK instrument manufacturers wishing to move into this area.

Impact on society
Spiders and silk is a topic continually surrounded by public interest. I am passionate about using my research insights to inspire young audiences to undertake a career in STEM subject areas and I will foster the same enthusiasm in my team. I have always found that the general public is interested in high-quality research at the interface of the physical and life sciences. This inherent public interest will be focussed by school visits, general exhibitions, media interactions through television, radio and press and a website dedicated to promoting this exciting research.

The international collaborations supported through this proposal will actively raise the global profile of UK as well as providing the researchers involved with valuable collaborative experience and knowledge transfer between well-regarded academic institutions.

Impact on People
Specific beneficiaries include myself, who will establish a new research group, and the 3 PDRAs and technician who will gain employment and further their careers through EPSRC funding. All researchers will benefit from working at a world leading research institution and learning skills that cross the boundaries of engineering and the physical and life sciences. The research will also impact the training of undergraduate students through exposure to lectures, classes, tutorials and research projects carried out within the lab. It will also engage graduate students through masters and doctoral training centre project supervision.

Publications

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Bauer G (2014) Investigating the rheological properties of native plant latex. in Journal of the Royal Society, Interface

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Boulet-Audet M (2015) Identification and classification of silks using infrared spectroscopy. in The Journal of experimental biology

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Boulet-Audet M (2014) Silk protein aggregation kinetics revealed by Rheo-IR. in Acta biomaterialia

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Boulet-Audet M (2016) Dry-Spun Silk Produces Native-Like Fibroin Solutions. in Biomacromolecules

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Castro AP (2016) Combined numerical and experimental biomechanical characterization of soft collagen hydrogel substrate. in Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine

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Holland C (2014) Horses and cows might teach us about human knees. in Die Naturwissenschaften

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Holland C (2019) Differential Scanning Calorimetry of Native Silk Feedstock. in Macromolecular bioscience

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Holland C (2019) The Biomedical Use of Silk: Past, Present, Future. in Advanced healthcare materials

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Koeppel A (2017) Progress and Trends in Artificial Silk Spinning: A Systematic Review in ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering

 
Description This grant has really helped develop and establish a world-leading research group in silk in the UK. It has also facilitated bringing together a community of silk researchers from across the globe, increasing collaborations and enabling us to tackle and important and interesting topic on an international and interdisciplinary scale. This grant has generated a considerable amount of research, supporting over 35 associated publications in a wide range of journals. In general, we have really progressed our understanding of how silk is spun, to the point that we are able to replicate silk spinning in the lab and produce fibres that have properties that meet and even exceed that of a natural silk (paper in preparation).
Below are three key findings from the fellowship, although you are encouraged to look through the list of publications and visit our website (www.naturalmaterialgroup.com) for more information.

Our first rheology specific paper, (Laity, P. R., Gilks, S. E., & Holland, C. (2015). Rheological behaviour of native silk feedstocks. Polymer, 67, 28-39. doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2015.04.049) addressed the fact that biomimetic silk fibre development is hindered due to the lack of clear design criteria due to high variability in natural unspun silk feedstocks. This technical challenge was met by testing the largest population of silkworm feedstocks to date (n=150), producing statistical distributions of a range of flow properties for use in modelling and bio-inspired protein processing applications. Industrially relevant recognition was received via invited presentations and a Scientific Advisory Board offer to Holland by one of the leading artificial silk production companies. The work also contributed towards a €4M H2020 Open FET research project involving 2 further SME's (Holland PCO) and an EPSRC Advanced Fellowship position (McLeish EP/N031431/1).

Using our knowledge of how to process a silk we published the following paper (Shimanovich, U, et al. (2017). Silk micrococoons for protein stabilisation and molecular encapsulation. Nature Communications, 8. doi:10.1038/ncomms15902). Here the transport, delivery and protection of sensitive biological molecules, such as antibiotics and vaccines is a global healthcare challenge. Harnessing unspun silk's unique shear sensitivity, and flow processing it through a specialised microfluidic droplet generator, we produced microcapsules which helped stabilise and prevent denaturation of a range of commercially relevant cargo proteins. Our approach significantly extended these materials room temperature shelf life, in some cases from hours to months. This work was patented (WO2016034730A1) and licensing discussions have been held with 2 companies (Oxford Biomaterials Ltd and Fluidic Analytics) whilst also receiving global media attention (10+ media outlets https://www.altmetric.com/details/22197130).

As a final example of our curiosity as to understanding how silk is spun naturally we published the paper (Sparkes, J., & Holland, C. (2017). Analysis of the pressure requirements for silk spinning reveals a pultrusion dominated process. Nature Communications, 8(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00409-7). Proper replication of natural silk production unlocks access to sustainable, high performance fibre manufacture that surpasses modern approaches to polymer spinning. Combining FE modelling and validating with two unique experimental setups, this paper demonstrates that silk is pulled, not pushed, during spinning. This has both general public and industrial impact, i.e. silk is not squeezed from the animal like toothpaste and classical artificial silk extrusion needs to be replaced by pultrusion. The work received widespread coverage in the media, such as the Times (and 10+ media outlets https://www.altmetric.com/details/26300571) and resulted in invited talks in Finland (HYBER Symposium)
Exploitation Route The research outcomes from this project have helped underpin a more detailed understanding of natural silk proteins and how they respond to flow. Practically it has defined the processing space of a silk, uncovering the different factors that can bring about solidification of this material. Theoretically it has generated important information that has helped guide those conducting computer simulations of natural silk spinning. Together this work would provide the basis for a new range of low energy input artificial spinning devices which depart from the industrial norm and look more towards natural processing technologies.
Sectors Healthcare,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

URL http://www.naturalmaterialsgroup.com
 
Description The impacts from this research have spanned beyond academia in several ways. As outlined in the planned impact section, these are broadly split into three key areas: Impact on the Economy The research developed in this project has forwarded our collective understanding of how silk is spun, more specifically how a silk protein can be processed in a manner to which prevent or induce solidification. This led to a patent on the creation of protein "micro cocoons" which has been considered for licencing by two companies. Furthermore the capabilities and insights generated from the group in terms of silk processing has led to increased interactions, knowledge exchange, visits and research with many of the leading high-tech silk companies in the UK, Europe and US. More recently, Dr Holland has contributed towards the founding of a UK company looking to produce artificial silks from high quality feedstocks which has already received funding from the EU to develop its technology. Impact on society There have been several opportunities to disseminate the findings from this project and engage with those outside of academia with an aim to change their perspectives and appreciation of what can be learnt from nature. In terms of interactions with the general public, from a grass roots perspective several outreach activities with schools occurred every year, encouraging students to uptake STEM subjects and in particular those from widening participation areas and underrepresented demographics. The reach of this impact was at a national scale and several thousand students. From a perspective of media dissemination, the group has been recognised as a source of UK expertise regarding silk, with several appearances on TV, Radio and in press, not only discussing the work that has arisen as a direct result of funding from this grant, but also for comment on other developments in the global arena of silk research. The reach of this form of impact extended to several million individuals. Impact on People The receipt of this fellowship has undoubtedly helped accelerate and progress the career of the recipient Dr Holland. It has facilitated a change of institution (Oxford to Sheffield), foundation and consolidation of an independent research group and enabled a bidirectional transfer of expertise (biological) to a new environment (engineering) thus enriching the overall academic community and increasing the interdisciplinary of the institution. This move has also resulted in the offering of a permanent academic contract and has already resulted in a promotion in recognition of the personal, professional and research achievements obtained during the fellowship (lecturer to senior lecturer). Regarding development of those other team members employed, all have gone directly into research positions and have benefitted from the various types of training and personal development opportunities supported by this grant. In terms of the engagement with students, we had over 35 undergraduate and masters students conducting substantial research projects in the group during the course of this fellowship, all of whom benefitted from this cross-disciplinary environment.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Healthcare,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Cultural,Economic

 
Description H2020 Research In Action: Future Emerging Technologies OPEN
Amount € 3,700,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 713475 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2016 
End 10/2019
 
Description Small Grant
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Funding ID RG130797 
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2014 
End 02/2015
 
Description Collaboration: Cambridge University 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was to help develop microfluidic devices for the controlled solidification of silk proteins. C. Holland supported this effort by producing native silk samples for testing and provided insight into the device development.
Collaborator Contribution This was to help develop microfluidic devices for the controlled solidification of silk proteins. T.Knowles supported this effort with access to his microfluidics laboratory and helped fabricate some flow focusing devices for testing.
Impact A patent was produced (WO/2016/034730) alongside a publication (Nature Communications). This was a highly interdisciplinary project, with Biologists, Materials Scientists, Chemists, Physicists, Engineers and Biochemists involved.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration: H2020 FLIPT Consortia 
Organisation Aarhus University
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Holland is the principal Co-coordinating Officer of this H2020 FET OPEN RIA consortia. He leads and co-ordinates activities as part of this EU grant.
Collaborator Contribution The consortium is composed of a diverse set of organisations linked through the common theme of polymers, their processing and a global vision to improve both in order to meet future challenges of polymer security, energy availability and environmental impact. Collaboration is inherent to the ethos of the consortia and communication tasks, project meetings and interparticipant WP design ensures our effectiveness to achieve deliverables. Every member complements the whole thorough their interdisciplinary specialisation comprising of multi-technique characterisation (USFD, UOXF, VTT, AU, SPN), modelling (IPF, SPN), synthesis (USFD, VTT, ITQB) and commercialisation (OBM, SPN).
Impact This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 713475
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration: H2020 FLIPT Consortia 
Organisation Leibniz Association
Department Leibniz Institute for Polymer Research
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Dr Holland is the principal Co-coordinating Officer of this H2020 FET OPEN RIA consortia. He leads and co-ordinates activities as part of this EU grant.
Collaborator Contribution The consortium is composed of a diverse set of organisations linked through the common theme of polymers, their processing and a global vision to improve both in order to meet future challenges of polymer security, energy availability and environmental impact. Collaboration is inherent to the ethos of the consortia and communication tasks, project meetings and interparticipant WP design ensures our effectiveness to achieve deliverables. Every member complements the whole thorough their interdisciplinary specialisation comprising of multi-technique characterisation (USFD, UOXF, VTT, AU, SPN), modelling (IPF, SPN), synthesis (USFD, VTT, ITQB) and commercialisation (OBM, SPN).
Impact This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 713475
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration: H2020 FLIPT Consortia 
Organisation New University of Lisbon
Department António Xavier Institute of Chemical and Biological Technology
Country Portugal 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Holland is the principal Co-coordinating Officer of this H2020 FET OPEN RIA consortia. He leads and co-ordinates activities as part of this EU grant.
Collaborator Contribution The consortium is composed of a diverse set of organisations linked through the common theme of polymers, their processing and a global vision to improve both in order to meet future challenges of polymer security, energy availability and environmental impact. Collaboration is inherent to the ethos of the consortia and communication tasks, project meetings and interparticipant WP design ensures our effectiveness to achieve deliverables. Every member complements the whole thorough their interdisciplinary specialisation comprising of multi-technique characterisation (USFD, UOXF, VTT, AU, SPN), modelling (IPF, SPN), synthesis (USFD, VTT, ITQB) and commercialisation (OBM, SPN).
Impact This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 713475
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration: H2020 FLIPT Consortia 
Organisation Oxford Biomaterials Ltd.
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Dr Holland is the principal Co-coordinating Officer of this H2020 FET OPEN RIA consortia. He leads and co-ordinates activities as part of this EU grant.
Collaborator Contribution The consortium is composed of a diverse set of organisations linked through the common theme of polymers, their processing and a global vision to improve both in order to meet future challenges of polymer security, energy availability and environmental impact. Collaboration is inherent to the ethos of the consortia and communication tasks, project meetings and interparticipant WP design ensures our effectiveness to achieve deliverables. Every member complements the whole thorough their interdisciplinary specialisation comprising of multi-technique characterisation (USFD, UOXF, VTT, AU, SPN), modelling (IPF, SPN), synthesis (USFD, VTT, ITQB) and commercialisation (OBM, SPN).
Impact This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 713475
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration: H2020 FLIPT Consortia 
Organisation Spinnova
Country Finland 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Dr Holland is the principal Co-coordinating Officer of this H2020 FET OPEN RIA consortia. He leads and co-ordinates activities as part of this EU grant.
Collaborator Contribution The consortium is composed of a diverse set of organisations linked through the common theme of polymers, their processing and a global vision to improve both in order to meet future challenges of polymer security, energy availability and environmental impact. Collaboration is inherent to the ethos of the consortia and communication tasks, project meetings and interparticipant WP design ensures our effectiveness to achieve deliverables. Every member complements the whole thorough their interdisciplinary specialisation comprising of multi-technique characterisation (USFD, UOXF, VTT, AU, SPN), modelling (IPF, SPN), synthesis (USFD, VTT, ITQB) and commercialisation (OBM, SPN).
Impact This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 713475
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration: H2020 FLIPT Consortia 
Organisation Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT)
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Holland is the principal Co-coordinating Officer of this H2020 FET OPEN RIA consortia. He leads and co-ordinates activities as part of this EU grant.
Collaborator Contribution The consortium is composed of a diverse set of organisations linked through the common theme of polymers, their processing and a global vision to improve both in order to meet future challenges of polymer security, energy availability and environmental impact. Collaboration is inherent to the ethos of the consortia and communication tasks, project meetings and interparticipant WP design ensures our effectiveness to achieve deliverables. Every member complements the whole thorough their interdisciplinary specialisation comprising of multi-technique characterisation (USFD, UOXF, VTT, AU, SPN), modelling (IPF, SPN), synthesis (USFD, VTT, ITQB) and commercialisation (OBM, SPN).
Impact This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 713475
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration: H2020 FLIPT Consortia 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Diseases (NDORMS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Holland is the principal Co-coordinating Officer of this H2020 FET OPEN RIA consortia. He leads and co-ordinates activities as part of this EU grant.
Collaborator Contribution The consortium is composed of a diverse set of organisations linked through the common theme of polymers, their processing and a global vision to improve both in order to meet future challenges of polymer security, energy availability and environmental impact. Collaboration is inherent to the ethos of the consortia and communication tasks, project meetings and interparticipant WP design ensures our effectiveness to achieve deliverables. Every member complements the whole thorough their interdisciplinary specialisation comprising of multi-technique characterisation (USFD, UOXF, VTT, AU, SPN), modelling (IPF, SPN), synthesis (USFD, VTT, ITQB) and commercialisation (OBM, SPN).
Impact This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 713475
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration: H2020 FLIPT Consortia 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Department Department of Biomedical Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Holland is the principal Co-coordinating Officer of this H2020 FET OPEN RIA consortia. He leads and co-ordinates activities as part of this EU grant.
Collaborator Contribution The consortium is composed of a diverse set of organisations linked through the common theme of polymers, their processing and a global vision to improve both in order to meet future challenges of polymer security, energy availability and environmental impact. Collaboration is inherent to the ethos of the consortia and communication tasks, project meetings and interparticipant WP design ensures our effectiveness to achieve deliverables. Every member complements the whole thorough their interdisciplinary specialisation comprising of multi-technique characterisation (USFD, UOXF, VTT, AU, SPN), modelling (IPF, SPN), synthesis (USFD, VTT, ITQB) and commercialisation (OBM, SPN).
Impact This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 713475
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration: Oxford University 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have provided sample preparation skills and advice to the preparation of certain types of silks
Collaborator Contribution Our partners have provided raw material (spider silks) as well as analytical cpabilities (DSC and DSF)
Impact Mulitdisciplinary: Biology, Materials Science, Polymer Physics, Chemistry, Engineering Multiple joint publications, please refer to publications section for complete list.
Start Year 2013
 
Title SILK PROTEIN STRUCTURES 
Description The present invention provides a capsule having a shell of material that comprises an assembly of a silk protein, such as an assembly that is a non-aggregated assembly of the silk protein, such as an assembly where the a-helix, ß-sheet (native) and random coil content is at least 55%. Also provided are methods for preparing the capsule, which comprises the step of contacting a flow of a first phase and a flow of a second phase in a channel, thereby to generate in the channel a dispersion of discrete regions, preferably droplets, of the second phase in the first phase, wherein the second phase comprises a silk protein suitable for forming an assembly of a protein, thereby to form a capsule shell at the boundary of the discrete region, wherein the first and second phases are immiscible. 
IP Reference WO2016034730 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed Commercial In Confidence
Impact It has lead to a new line of research for the academics involved.
 
Description A talk or presentation - Outreach: 181024 Girls in Science / Bioladies Event: The Pitcher and Piano, York 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk given by Chris Holland about the work done in the SPICE project which was pitched to encourage female uptake of STEM subjects at school, university and in their careers. The feedback was very positive and the talk was promoted widely on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://girlsinscience.co.uk/gis-event-york-2018/
 
Description Career Development: Fellowship Perspectives EPSRC Early Career Roadshow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact This was an invited talk to the Engineering Faculty from the EPSRC programme managers to discuss the experiences of Chris Holland during the application, interview and start of his EPSRC early career fellowship.

This was delivered to a range of early career researchers who were interested in finding out more about the position and potentially applying for it. The talk was entitled "Fellowships: Early Career Perspectives" Early Career Researchers Roadshow, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK, Wednesday 9th July 2014

Several researchers have contacted Chris Holland following this talk and have expressed interest in being mentees and aquiring feedback for their own proposals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Career Development: Fellowship Perspectives Red Lining Week 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact This was an invited talk to the Engineering Faculty to discuss the experiences of Chris Holland during the application, interview and start of his EPSRC early career fellowship to a range of early career researchers who were interested in finding out more about the position and potentially applying for it. The talk was entitled "Fellowships: Early Career Perspectives" Red Lining Week: Fellowships day, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK, Thursday 4th July 2013

Several researchers have contacted Chris Holland following this talk and have expressed interest in being mentees and aquiring feedback for their own proposals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Conference 170913 Talk at Physical Aspects of Polymer Science: Swansea University, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Richard Hodgkinson presented a talk on "The effect of extensional flow on shear viscosity" at the 2017 Physical Aspects of Polymer Science meeting in Swansea University 13-15th September 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://paps17.iopconfs.org/programme2
 
Description Conference 180327 Talk at Deformation Fracture and Yield in Polymers; Rolduc Abbey, The Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An invited talk at this triannual conference, the reception was good and we have developed two additional collaborations as well as an employment offer for one of the SPICE team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.dyfp-conferences.org/
 
Description Conference 180704 Talk at European Solid Mechanics Conference 2018 Silk Symposia: From Molecules to Orb Webs, Bologna, Italy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an invited talk at the ESMC for a silk symposia where the main outputs of the SPICE programme were discussed amongs peers from across Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.esmc2018.org/drupal8/node/60
 
Description Conference: 150324 Arrested gels: dynamics, structure & applications. Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Pete Laity provided a talk "Native fibroin solutions: silk feedstocks as temporally arrested" at Gonville & Caius College, Univ. of Cambridge. which resulted in some useful contacts made with various equipment and materials manufacturers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference: 150330 Thermal Analysis 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk : 1. "Silk: Linking eggs to polymer melts" Thermal Analysis Conference, TAC 2015, Churchill College, Cambridge, UK, Monday 30th March 2015 Audience was a range of academics and industry who use thermal methods for their research and resulted in indirect equipment sponsorship of the group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.rsc.org/events/download/Document/92e78e99-6c59-4c0b-8f1c-a8703673a7ef
 
Description Conference: 150909 Physical Aspects of Polymer Science 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Pete Laity presented our work in the form of an oral presentation "Investigating the protein gelation mechanism underlying natural silk fibre spinning" Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, Univ. of Manchester. This resulted in discussion following the presentation which generally supported our working hypothesis concerning entropically-driven de-watering.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference: 150910 TERMIS 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a talk in the biopolymers/silk session of the TERMIS conference: "Turning a silk purse into a sows ear: the importance of processing when using silk in regenerative medicine" TERMIS 2015 4th World Congress, Boston, MA, USA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference: 160909 9th International Silk Conference in China, Liuzhou, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to provide his first plenary talk at this highly respected biennial conference which focusses on developments across the silk industry. His talk was entitled "Spinning a Good Yarn: The Importance of Processing for Silk Fibre Performance" 9th International Silk Conference in China, Liuzhou, China, 9th September 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Conference: 161215 5th International Symposium on Biomedical Materials, Lahore, Pakistan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to provide a keynote talk regarding his group's research entitled "Turning a silk purse into a sows ear: the importance of processing when using silk in regenerative medicine" 5th International Symposium on Biomedical Materials, Lahore, Pakistan, Thursday 15th December 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://lahore.comsats.edu.pk/ISBM/
 
Description Conference: 170704 European Polymer Federation Congress, Lyon, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to be a keynote speaker at the European Polymer Federation Congress, Lyon, France, on Tuesday 4th July. The presentation, entitled "Inspired by Nature: What Silk Can Tell Us About Aqueous Polymer Processing" and given to an audience of approximately 80, led to requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://epf-2017-lyon.sciencesconf.org/
 
Description Conference: 170724 Sheffield Silk Conference, Halifax Hall, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland presented a talk regarding his group's research "Insights into the flow processing of silks" at the Sheffield Silk Conference, Halifax Hall, Sheffield on Tuesday 25th July 2017. 56 people were in attendance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://naturalmaterials.group.shef.ac.uk/SSC2017/programme.php
 
Description Conference: 170725 Sheffield Silk Conference, Halifax Hall, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Peter Laity presented a talk regarding the group's work entitled "Changes in silk feedstock during cocoon construction" at the Sheffield Silk Conference, Halifax Hall, Tuesday 25th July 2017. 56 people were in attendance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://naturalmaterials.group.shef.ac.uk/SSC2017/programme.php
 
Description Conference: 170919 Improving Biomaterials through Better Understanding of their Assembly Mechanisms, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to give a presentation on the group's work at the "Improving Biomaterials through Better Understanding of their Assembly Mechanisms" conference at the Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. Tuesday 19th September 2017, with an international audience of approximately 50 people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.weizmann.ac.il/conferences/IBB2017/
 
Description Conference: 171009 8th International Conference on Advanced Fibres and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to give a talk regarding the work of the group, entitled "Insights into the Flow Processing of Silks: How processing effects silk's self assembly" on Monday 9th October 2017. The talk, given to approximately 300 people at the 8th International Conference on Advanced Fibres and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai, China, sparked requests for further information and an invitation to be on the international board of 100 for Advanced Fibre Processing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://mtg.polymer.cn/UploadFile/file/20170922231435_8953.pdf
 
Description Conference: 171031 Recent Appointees in Manufacturing Research Conference, University of Manchester, Manchester 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Chris Holland was an organiser of the Recent Appointees in Manufacturing Research Conference at the University of Manchester, and also presented his group's work on Tuesday 31st October 2017, under the title "The Secrets of Silk: Offering new routes for low energy processing of polymers".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ceas.manchester.ac.uk/our-research/themes-challenges/themes/pdi/areas/process-tomography/...
 
Description Conference: Business and Innovation Network @Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland attended the BIN@Brasil conference at Ribeirão Preto which sook to engage with stakeholders in the strengthening of relationships between researchers and businesses in both Brasil, Sheffield and Porto. He was part of a team of 7 from Sheffield consisting of academics, business development managers and industrialists that represented the broad spectrum of interests from Sheffield University in this area.

He gave a talk entitled "Understanding Protein Processing and Performance" BIN@Brazil, Ribeirão Preto - Brazil, Centro de Convenções Ribeirão Preto, Sala Ametista, Brazil, Wednesday 13th November 2013

Links were established between Chris Holland and the UK FCO and SIN representatives for the region which have been invaluable in highlighting future funding routes to establish new collaborations between the UK and Brasil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL https://www.facebook.com/pages/BIN-Brazil-2013/167177423442567
 
Description Conference: Materials Research Exchange IOM3 Coventry 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland took part in manning Sheffield Universities Stand to promote natural materials science at the UK Advanced Materials Research Showcase in Coventry and gave a 1 minute "elevator pitch" to the audience concerning the work of his group.

Increased interactions with IOM3 and the Natural Materials Association
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.iom3.org/events/2014-materials-research-exchange
 
Description Guest Lecture: (Oxford) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Guest undergraduate lecture for the BA Biological Science Course, Zoology Department, Oxford University 30th January 2013 titled: Silk: Spiders, Silkworms and Stress, 3rd year Biomechanics Option

Students have approached me afterwards for PhD enquiries and work experience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Guest Lecture: 170516 University of Manchester, Manchester 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Chris Holland gave a presentation entitled "The Secrets of Silk: Offering new routes for low energy processing of polymers" at the organised workshop "Scientific and Technological Challenges in Defining a New Paradigm for Sustainable Biomaterials", University of Manchester, Manchester. The talk was to approximately 100 people and took place on Tuesday 16th May 2017, and led to requests for further information and requests for funding applications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Guest Lecture: 171122 Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to provide a talk regarding his group's research entitled "Putting a new spin on silk; how processing effects performance in silk biomaterials" ACS on Campus, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, Wednesday 22nd November 2017. He was also invited to sit on a panel at the same event, with session title "How to Get Published: Top Ten Tips for a Successful Submission".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description Guest Lecture: 171123 Tel Aviv University, Israel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Chris Holland was invited to present the group's work to approximately 35 people, under the title "Putting a New Spin on Silk; How Processing Effects Performance in Silk Biomaterials". Part of ACS on Campus on Thursday 23rd November at Tel Aviv University, Israel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Guest Lecture: Nanotechnology Programme Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to provide a talk at a summer school run by Oxford Universities department of further education as part of their Nanotechnology Programme entitled: "Spider silk and novel bio-inspired synthetic polymers" at Ewert House, Summertown, Oxford, UK on
Thursday 3rd July 2014


Several students showed enthusiasm and interest after the presentation and have requested more information about the field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Guest Lecture: North East Polymer Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact An invited lecture to the North East Polymer Association (NEPA) which was held at the Chemistry Department Durham University on 25th November 2014. The lecture was to a mixed scientific audience of undergrads to academics and industrialists.

After my talk several students and some academics have been in contact requesting more information regarding our research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.dur.ac.uk/nepa/events/
 
Description Industrial Seminar: 150324 Dept. Materials Science and Engineering Industry Open Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was an event held in the department to showcase the type of research conducted here. Academics from each research theme were asked to present an overview of their research area to a range of industrialists (50+) from SMEs to Multinationals. There were over 100 people in the audience. Afterwards audience could select to be shown around our lab, we had 6 industry representatives on a tour.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Industrial Seminar: 150406 Bolt Threads San Francisco, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk at synthetic spider silk spinning company Bolt Threads in the USA. This was to talk about my groups' work on the flow properties of silk. "Spider silk and spinning a good yarn: Why protein denaturation isn't always a bad thing" Boltthreads Inc. Emeryville, CA, USA, Monday 6th April 2015. This was recognition of my position as a world expert in flow processing of silk materials and resulted in me spending half a day at Bolt discussing our research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Industrial Seminar: Smith and Nephew York 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards. Organiser informed that they received lots of positive feedback for the talk.

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Industrial Workshop: Agilent Technologies, Germany, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave a seminar on Refining Silk: How silk research has pushed the limits of testing hardware and sample preparation. Nano Tensile Testing Workshop, Agilent Technologies, Frankfurt, Germany, 22nd May 2013

New industrial contacts and strengthened working relationship with instrumentation manufacturer
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Industry Seminar: 161004 TA Instruments User Meeting, Leicester Space Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact As part of his continuing engagement with instrumentation manufacturers Chris Holland was kindly invited to provide a talk about his group's work on rheology and thermal characterisation at the TA Instruments annual users meeting. This is focussed on a wide range of users from academia to industry. His talk was entitled "Why Silk Rheology is Like Opening a Can of Worms" TA Instruments User Meeting, Leicester Space Museum, 4th October 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Internet: Group Website www.naturalmaterialsgroup.com 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We have created and continually maintained our group website as specified in our PTI

We have been contacted by several potential collaborators who have seen what type of work we do and would like to benefit from our expertise.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://www.naturalmaterialsgroup.com
 
Description Internet: Twitter Account 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Established twitter feed for Dr Holland (@DrChrisHolland) where we inform our followers (179 to date) of group updates and points of general professional scientific interest

Some of our tweets have been retweeted by individuals to several thousand of their followers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015
URL https://twitter.com/drchrisholland
 
Description Media: 170314 Comment in The Times Newspaper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Chris Holland was asked to provide his comments on a recent development of a textile quality bioengineered silk fibre produced by the company Bolt Threads Inc. The comment was approximately 100 words, about 4 column inches.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/news/its-got-legs-fake-spider-silk-heralds-a-new-era-for-clothing-...
 
Description Media: 170719 Press Release from the University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The University of Cambridge issued a press release announcing the publication "Silk micrococoons for protein stabilisation and molecular encapsulation" in Nature Communications. Dr Chris Holland gave a short comment of two sentences. https://www.altmetric.com/details/22197130/news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/silk-micrococoons-could-be-used-in-biotechnology-and-medicine
 
Description Media: 170919 Press Release from the University of Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The University of Sheffield issued a press release announcing the publication of "Analysis of the pressure requirements for silk spinning reveals a pultrusion dominated process" in Nature Communications. Both lead author Jamie Sparkes and Dr Chris Holland were asked for short for short comments, a few sentences each. https://www.altmetric.com/details/26300571/news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/news/nr/silkworms-silk-greener-materials-1.731163
 
Description Media: Comment on silk research in The Times 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Comment on silk research for the Times newspaper 17th Jan 2014

Raised profile of Chris Holland as a recognised expert in this field
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/environment/wildlife/article3977651.ece
 
Description Media: Doc/Fest Pitching 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Chris Holland took part in the preliminary scouting for DocFest in February, pitching an idea for a series of programmes based on natural materials. This then lead to a follow up session in the main DocFest in June where I was pitched as talent to producers for the mainstream broadcast channels.

Follow-ups with several TV Channels and Production companies but projects cannot be named at this time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://sheffdocfest.com/whats_on
 
Description Media: Feature in EPSRC Pioneer Magasine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dr Chris Holland was featured in Issue 11 (p44-46) of the EPRSC Pioneer Magasine Winter 2013 11, which is distributed to all college members and HEI.

Further inquiries regarding the research from the natural materials group in this area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.epsrc.ac.uk/newsevents/pubs/pioneer-edition-11-issued-winter-2013/
 
Description Media: Feature in STFC Fascination Magasine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Issue 12 p 11 Spring 2013 Feature Article by Emily Mobley: Think twice before squishing that spider.

No direct feedback was received
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.stfc.ac.uk/2421.aspx
 
Description Media: Film: Educational video for Key Stage 2/3 students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Chris Holland was interviewed for a film directed and produced by Dr Emma Carter, sponsored by the Engineering Professors Council as part of their 20th Anniversary 'Engaging in Engineering' award: http://epc.ac.uk/engaging-in-engineering-awards/. The purpose of the interview was to stimulate and engage with Key Stage 2/3 students at schools in order to encourage them to chose STEM subjects and careers. The interview was a general discussion on the work we do in the lab and the reasoning behind why he chose to be a scientist/engineer.

TBD
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://vimeo.com/144215523
 
Description Media: Interview for Reinforced Plastics Magasine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was interviewed for a piece on silk based composites by Cordelia Sealy writing for Reinforced Plastics, the magasine of the European Composites industry which is sent out to all their members.

TBD
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.repl.2014.12.023
 
Description Media: Press Release and International Attention 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This surrounds the press releases written and co-ordinated through the authors of the Advanced Materials paper The Speed of Sound in Silk: Linking Material Performance to Biological Function http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adma.201401027/abstract .



This paper attracted considerable media attention, being covered by New York Times, Russia Today, MSN, BBC, Wired, National Geographic, Evening Telegraph, The Daily Mail, Various Blogs, Tweets, Google+ and Reddit.

The easiest way to view the impact is through the Altmetrics score, placing it at time of submisison at 185 ranking it as #3 of 2493 papers published in this journal to date and in the 99th percentile of all research articles published across all subjects that year.

Furthermore this research, undertaken primarily by D.Phil student Beth Mortimer (co-supervised by Chris Holland) contributed towards her acquisition of an independent research fellowship at Oxford in recognition of her success.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=onlinelibrary.wiley.com&citation_id=2409683
 
Description Media: Radio appearance BBC Radio Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This was a pre-recorded radio interview as a result of a press release for the Advanced Materials paper http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adma.201401027/abstract . It was 3 minutes of general interview for Chris Holland and his interest in spiders and the findings of this paper. TX June 4th 2014 Drive time Howard Pressman

No direct impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p001d7n5/broadcasts/2014/10
 
Description Media: TV appearance BBC2 Nature's Weirdest 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 2 minute segment for Chris Holland talking about spider swarms in Pakistan on 2013 Nature's Weirdest, Series 2, Episode 3, BBC 2, TX date 3rd January 2013

None specifically
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p012wj6b
 
Description Media: TV appearance BBC4 Spider House 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Filming for a BBC4 Documentary Spider House TX date 29th October, at 9pm on BBC4. This 90 minute documentary was produced by Windfall Films, who also do the Christmas Lectures, and collects the spider experts from across the UK to talk about our fascination with all things arachnid. Chris Holland was featured at approximately 30 minutes into the programme.

Well received by the general public with several positive comments on social media. Further inquiries about the work from fellow academics and outside the university have taken place.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b04mqc4z
 
Description Meeting: IOP Polymer Physics Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to give a talk entitled: "Silk self-assembly: When nature takes protein stability a step too far" at the Physics of Biopolymer Self Assembly Meeting organised by the Polymer Physics Group branch of The Institute of Physics, 28 Portland Place London, UK, Thursday 11th September 2014

Chris Holland was invited to provide a talk at a symposium at the Spring MRS meeting in 2015. He also made contact with 2 potential new collaborators at this meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.iopconferences.org/iop/frontend/reg/thome.csp?pageID=281492&eventID=602&eventID=602
 
Description Meeting: IOP Polymer Physics Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact An invited talk entitled "Using silk as a model for efficient, sustainable biopolymer processing" at the IOP Polymer Physics Group Meeting, The Ridge, Ranmoor, Sheffield, UK, Tuesday 10th September 2013

Increased visibility within the UK polymer community for the newly established natural materials group and PI Chris Holland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.iop.org/activity/groups/subject/pol/index.html
 
Description Meeting: Nano KTN Nanofibres to Nanocomposites III 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland presented his work and that of his industrial collaborators as part of "Spinning Out Spin Outs: Oxford Biomaterials Approach To Tech Transfer" Nanofibres to Nanocomposites III, MediCity, Nottingham, UK, Thursday 27th February 2014

General increased interest in silk from members of the audience also making several links to companies interested in novel materials for processing and general technical characterisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ntu.ac.uk/apps/news/153053-15/Nanofibres_to_Nanocomposites_III_Conference_in_partnership_...
 
Description Meeting: Recent Appointees In Polymer Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Chris Holland provided a talk entitled: "Adventures on the web" at the RAPS 2014 meeting in Reading University on Thursday 4th September 2014 where he discussed his experiences over the past year in setting up a lab from scratch, hiring people and general scientific management.


Many of the RAPS cohort appreciated the presentation and asked for more information afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.raps.org.uk
 
Description Meeting: Sheffield Centre for Additive Manufacturing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research Talk at the 2nd ADAM meeting, University of Sheffield, UK, 15th March 2013 entitled Can an Old Spider Teach Us New Tricks?

Increased visibility by Chris Holland in the department leading to new research collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Organisation of an International Conference: 2017 Sheffield Silk Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Thanks to the generosity and support of the IoP Liquids and Complex Fluids group and EPSRC, over the summer the UK had its first silk specific conference held in Sheffield. The three-day conference held at Halifax Hall from the 24th-26th July brought together over 50 experts in the field of silk science and industry from around the world. This excellent turnout attested to the growing community of silk research across the UK (in particular early career researchers) and the overall enthusiasm and interest in such a meeting from those from near and afar.
The intent was to generate scholarly discussion around the key challenges in the field and foster collaboration with the aim to give everyone an equal platform to showcase their science. Given silk is flow processed from a gel into one of the world's highest performing fibres, the topics discussed naturally centered around silk as a complex fluid, including protein structure and intermolecular interactions; characterisations in the liquid and solid states; processing methods and applications. A full programme, abstracts booklet and details of the conference may be found at www.sheffieldsilkconference.co.uk.
The three-day conference began at the bottom, scale speaking, with 5 presentations from Chinese and Japanese researchers discussing the use of genetic engineering as a technique to manipulate silk protein structure in order to elucidate not only it's formation process, but to tailor it for specific applications such as biomaterials. Following this we had a thoughtful, and thought provoking, talk from Frantisek Sehnal of the Czech Republic discussing Seroins, a lesser known class of silk proteins found in silkworms that appear to play several roles in processing these materials.
The afternoon focussed on the fibre, with talks from Spain, China, UK, Italy, Japan and Germany discussing a wide variety of topics; from Jose Perez-Riguerio's call for a standardisation of mechanical testing for silks across the field, through to Beth Mortimer's presentation on the sonic properties of spider silks. The afternoon culminated with a presentation from Thomas Scheibel on the advancements his team has made on understanding the self-assembly mechanisms of silk through their recombinant expression system, highlighting the importance of the proteins C and N termini for intermolecular interactions and hierarchical structure development. The day concluded with a poster and drinks reception, after an exciting day with top quality science it was fantastic to see the community's enthusiasm spill over into networking and collaboration building.
The following days' morning session was focussed on better understanding silk in solution. Talks surrounding silk protein folding through NMR and IR were joined by those on rheology; discussing how structure develops during flow such as Pete Laity's insights into how the silkworm can use metal ions can achieve huge changes in bulk rheology. Finally we had Keiji Numata's fascinating observations of a granule mediated silk self-assembly process, which prompted the question if silk nanofibrils really exist in the fibre?
The afternoon was focussed on the fantastic potential and multitude of applications for silk based materials. These were mostly biomedical, but with a focus on the science behind the processing. In this session we listened to talks on 3D and reactive inkjet printing, spinning silk using light, creation of biomaterial scaffolds and finished with a talk from Anna Rising on her system for spinning artificial silk fibres from recombinant proteins. The day concluded with the conference meal at the Pointing Dog in Sheffield. A perfect way to finish a scientifically interesting and important day with conversations between researchers carrying on long into the evening.
Fired up from the previous evenings' festivities, the final days' talks were all based on obtaining a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms behind silk self-assembly. Continuing the theme of the conference with a interdisciplinary mix of researchers with biological, physical chemical and engineering backgrounds, discussion surrounded how changes in the solvent environment of a silk proteins can be used to induce a structural change in the silk and thus initiate protein denaturation and aggregation. A highlight was Cedric Dicko's provocative and insightful overview of the field and posed questions that really made the audience consider how best to test these materials in a biologically relevant and consistent matter.
Feedback from conference attendees was great, even extending to those not able to attend reporting they had heard how much those who did enjoyed it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://naturalmaterials.group.shef.ac.uk/SSC2017/index.php
 
Description Outreach: 160329 Exploring STEM for girls, Sheffield University, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Chris Holland was asked to run a stand promoting materials science and his work on silk for this event. The event is for approximately 400 Y9 - 11 girls (200 AM and 200 PM) to explore their options in STEM subjects, related careers and pathways.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Outreach: 160624 University Options in Engineering , Science and Maths, Sheffield University, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Chris Holland was selected to give a 20 minute "mini-lecture" about his research into silk to an audience 200 Year 12 students to encourage and promote options in STEM subjects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Outreach: 160704-10 Royal Society Summer Exhibition, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Chris Holland and 8 members of his research group (undergraduates and postgraduates) attended and ran a stand at the 2016 Royal Society Summer Exhibition. The stand was called "spider racing" and discussed the non-Newtonian properties of silk in a fun and engaging way. The event lasted over 1 week and was attended by over 10,000 members of the public with a wide demographic but mainly children and families. We received excellent feedback from all, the audience enjoyed what admittedly was not the most slick or professional stand there, but it was the engagement with the active researchers who were passionate about their work which really captured the general publics attention. The contributors really enjoyed this week, which was hard work, but all found it most enjoyable and the earlier career members of the team expressed increased enthusiasm for STEM subjects and changed their opinions about their future directions, including one that decided they wanted to do a PhD by the end of it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/summer-science-exhibition/exhibits/spider-webs-...
 
Description Outreach: 160726 / 170712 Headstart, Sheffield University, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Chris Holland and 2 members of his team were asked to run an interactive session for 40 high achieving Y11 school children as part of the universities Headstart programme. Chris gave a 20 minute mini-lecture on his work and then we ran 2x30 minute "spider racing" sessions by which the non-Newtonian properties of silk and material selection were explained through the medium of playing with different stiffnesses of silly putties.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Outreach: 161029 Imaginarium, Diamond Building, Sheffield University, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Chris Holland was asked to run a stand promoting materials science and his work on silk for this event. The event is for approximately 400 Y9 - 11 girls (200 AM and 200 PM) to explore their options in STEM subjects, related careers and pathways.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Outreach: 170125 Anns Grove Primary School, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Chris Holland took part in an afternoon session in which he ran a demonstration explaining where silk comes from and what makes it to 80 Y1 and Y2 primary school children.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Outreach: 180320 Exploring STEM for girls, Sheffield University, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Chris Holland was asked to run a stand promoting materials science and his work on silk for this event. The event is for approximately 400 Y9 - 11 girls (200 AM and 200 PM) to explore their options in STEM subjects, related careers and pathways.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Outreach: 180606 Bioladies Event: Bio Perspectives, Grays Court Hotel, York 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A talk for the BioLadies association about the work performed in the Natural Materials Group and funded by SPICE. This went down very well with the audience with lots of positive feedback and requests for more information. It has also led to a series of follow-on talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.perfectsymbiosis.co.uk/events/
 
Description Outreach: 180613 WEMMA Lecture, Berry Lecture Theatre, School of Physics, University of Bristol, Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a talk by Chris Holland for the local West of England Minerals and Mining Association about the work performed in the group and it's relationship to SPICE.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Poster Presentation: 161213 BSR Midwinter conference, Reading 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Pete Laity was selected to present his work on silk rheology entitled "The flow-induced phase change during the natural spinning of silk fibres" Poster presented at the BSR Midwinter conference, Reading , Tuesday 13th December 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public Lecture: 151012 Science and Technology Group, Sheffield Branch of the University of the Third Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Chris Holland gave an invited talk to the Sheffield chapter of the university of the third age. This is a group of technically interested (mainly retired) members of the public. It was highly enjoyable and we had lots of positive feedback on our talk: "A look at the history and definition of silk and tomorrow's high tech applications". It has resulted in requests for more information and invitation to another local scientific interest group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Public Lecture: 160421 The Cambridge and Anglian Materials Society, University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Pete Laity was invited to give a talk entitled "Silk - the physics behind the function" to the Cambridge and Anglian Materials Society, University of Cambridge, Thursday 21st April 2016. It was very well received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public Lecture: 160606 Stumperlowe Probus Meeting, Church Hall, Christ Church, Fulwood, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to engage with the local chapter of Probus, a group of mainly retired professionals wishing to engage with scientific and technological developments. He gave a talk entitled "Silk in tomorrow's high tech applications" Stumperlowe Probus Meeting, Church Hall, Christ Church, Fulwood, Sheffield, Monday 6th June 2016. Feedback for this talk was excellent and has led to other invites for talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public Lecture: 161130 Rotary Club Meeting, Heckmondwike 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to engage with a chapter of the Rotary Club, a group of mainly retired professionals wishing to engage with scientific and technological developments. He gave a talk entitled "The science of silks" Rotary Club Meeting, Heckondwike, Wednesday 30th November 2016. Feedback for this talk was excellent and has led to other invites for talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public Lecture: 170217 Sheffield University of the Third Age Meeting, Showroom Cinema, Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to give a general talk to the SU3A at the local Showroom Cinema after his previous talk last year to their technology special interests group. This was a highly enjoyable experience and he received great feedback from the audience. His talk was entitled "The science of silks" SU3A Meeting, Showroom Cinema, Sheffield, Friday 17th February 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public Lecture: 170307 RSC Local Section Meeting, Lancaster 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to provide a talk concerning his research to a group of RSC members at their local section meeting. His talk was entitled "Spinning a Good Yarn: Why Silk is Much More Than Just a Fibre" RSC Local Section Meeting, Lancaster, Tuesday 7th March 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public Lecture: 24H Inspire Lecture at Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gave a public lecture entitled: The science behind spider silk" 24 Hour Inspire Lectures, Firth Hall Sheffield, Friday 27th March 2014 in in celebration of Dr Tim Richardson.

To pay tribute to and celebrate the life of Dr Tim Richardson, Inspiration for Life, the charity he set up when diagnosed with terminal cancer in June 2012, presented 24 hours of lectures and music, starting at 5.00 pm on 28 February, and going through to 5.00 pm on 1 March, all taking place in the Hicks Building.

The lectures were on a wide range of subjects - you'll hear from astrophysicists, historians, lawyers, chemists, engineers and more, talking about music, magic, extraterrestrial lifeforms, philosophy, human rights, infinity, and beyond...

Inspiration for Life aims to promote lifelong learning and the public understanding of science, and raises funds for cancer charities. Proceeds from this event will go to Rotherham Hospice and Weston Park Hospital Cancer Charity. Details of the programme can be found on the charity's website, www.inspirationforlife.co.uk.

No specific impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/physics/news/24hour-inspire
 
Description Public Lecture: Ignite Talk at Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The event was attended by 60+ people, was filmed and posted on social media.

Several students got in contact to enquire about working in the group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSyOKoy6nJo
 
Description Public Lecture: Off The Shelf Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk for Ideas Alive at 5.45 on Tuesday 28 October 2014 in Showroom Café, Showroom Cinema, Paternoster Row, Sheffield S1 2BX.

The talk, entitled The Science of Silks took a look at the definition of silk and the potential of new applications including regenerative medicine

The event was part of the Ideas Alive at 5.45 strand in association with the University of Sheffield Public Engagement with Research Team who are a Gold Sponsor of the festival this year.  We are delighted to have the support of the University of Sheffield enabling us to bring new research by academics to a public audience as part of our festival of the Mind. 



 

There has already been a request to provide the talk in 2015 for the Sheffield Chapter of the University of the Third Age.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.sheffield.ac.uk/students/news/off-the-shelf-2014-1.409642
 
Description Schools Outreach: 151118 Bethany School (Sheffield) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Our department sent several academics and students to a local school for an afternoon exposing Reception-Yr6 schoolchildren to materials science. We ran a session on silks involving Chris Holland and PhD students Anastasia Brif and Jamie Sparkes. Parents and children highly enjoyed the afternoon and there were lots of questions after each session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Seminar: 150413 AFOSR Visit Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Invited to Oxford University to provide update on my research group's work during a visit of the American Air Force Office of Scientific Research. "Natural Materials Group Update" AFOSR Visit, Dept. Zoology, Oxford, OX1 3PS, Wednesday 13th April 2015. This provided an update and exposure of our work to another funding organisation and resulted in a day's discussion around the science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Seminar: 160323 School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Herriot-Watt University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This talk was "Spinning a good yarn: The importance of processing for silk protein performance" School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Herriot-Watt University, Wednesday 23rd March 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar: 161019 School of Engineering University of Liverpool, Liverpool 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to present his recent research entitled "Variety is the SPICE of life: insights into Silk Processing In Controlled Environments" School of Engineering Departmental Seminar, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, Wednesday 19th October 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar: 161205 EPSRC Physical Sciences Early Career Fellowship Forum, Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was kindly invited to provide a talk about his fellowship experience and help in developing the Early Career Forum for the Engineering section of the EPSRC fellows to the recently established Physical Sciences ECF network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar: 161207 Chemistry Department, University of Durham, Durham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to present his recent research entitled "When is a silk not a silk? How rheology has opened a can of worms for silk/melt processing" Chemistry Departmental Seminar, University of Durham, Durham, Wednesday 7th, December 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar: 170308 Chemistry Department, University of Lancaster, Lancaster 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to give a departmental seminar to the Chemistry department which was entitled "Spinning a Good Yarn: The Importance of Processing for Silk Protein Performance" Chemistry Departmental Seminar, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, Wednesday 8th March 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar: 170510 Materials Department, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Chris Holland was invited to speak of the group's work at the materials department seminar at the University of Manchester on Tuesday 10th May 2017. The talk to an audience of approximately 100, entitled "Inspired by nature: Unravelling Silks Secrets", sparked discussion from the audience and requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar: 170615 Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology (INP Greifswald) Departmental Seminar, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to present a talk titled "The Secrets of Silk: Offering new routes for low energy processing of polymers" at the departmental seminar of the Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology (INP Greifswald), Germany. Thusday 15th June 2017, to an audience of approximately 20.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar: Chemistry Department University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at the Chemistry department during collaborative visit entitled Putting a New Spin on Silk, Departmental Seminar, Chemistry Department, Cambridge University, UK, 1st March 2013

Increased visibility for the natural materials group and PI Chris Holland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Seminar: Industrial Liaison Board Meeting Sheffield University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a presentation to the Materials Science and Engineering Departments Industrial Liaison board discussing the commercial potential of silk based biopolymers and entitled Silk: What can 400 million years of natural R&D do for us?" Industrial Liaison Board Meeting, Tuesday 20th May 2014

Increased awareness of the IAB of the breadth of research that occurs within the department, specifically the introduction of natural materials characterisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Seminar: Materials Science and Engineering Department, The University of Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation entitled: Putting a New Spin on Silk, given as a Departmental Seminar, Materials Science and Engineering Department, Sheffield University, UK, 17th April 2013

Increased visibility of the newly formed Natural Materials Group and PI Chris Holland to the department and its students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Seminar: Maxwell Lecture Physics Department, Kings College London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Chris Holland provided an invited lecture (the Maxwell Lecture) entitled: "Silk: Understanding the secret of a spider's success" Maxwell Lecture, Physics Department, Kings College London, UK, Monday 13th January 2014

Interest from both undergraduates and graduates in the area of silk and afterwards lab tours and introductions to several members of staff.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Seminar: Physics Department, University of Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Chris Holland provided a talk "Silk: Understanding the secret of a spider's success" Physics Department, University of Sheffield, UK, Wednesday 4th December 2013

Increased visibility and establishment of links between the natural materials group and the physics department at Sheffield
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Seminar: SYLICA Lecture, CEITEC Brno, Czech Republic 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to provide the SYLICA Lecture entitled Biopolymer Combinatorial Rheology: Linking structure to function with silk" at the Central European Institute of Technology (CEITEC), Brno, Czech Republic on Tuesday 12th March 2014

This was the initial meeting to setup and try and establish links between the natural materials group and CEITEC. It has resulted in an invited Plenary Lecture at their Annual conference and discussions as to further ERASMUS student exchanges and H2020 applications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Workshop 180525 Talk at the HYBER Symposium, Dipoli Congress Center, Espoo, Finland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An invited talk for Chris Holland to the HYBER symposium to discuss his work on silk processing. A productive conference which has lead to increased interactions with two silk bioengineering groups and requests for sample characterisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.aalto.fi/sites/g/files/flghsv161/files/2018-10/2018_hyber_symposium_program.pdf
 
Description Workshop: 150918 Advances in understanding materials using extensional flow, Grey College, Durham University. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact PDRA Pete Laity presented Rheology of native silk feedstocks (poster) at this workshop and it resulted in Some discussion of our results - generally supporting our working hypothesis concerning entropically-driven de-watering
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Workshop: 160420 Designing for Sustainability, Natural Materials Association, London Metropolitan University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to give a talk at the IOM3 Natural Materials Association meeting entitled "The Secrets of Silk's Success" Designing for Sustainability, Natural Materials Association, London Metropolitan University, Wednesday 20th April 2016. It was to a very broad audience and the feedback for the talk via a post event survey was very good, rating it as one of the highlights of the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.iom3.org/sites/default/files/NMA%20ANNUAL%20REPORT%202015%20(3).pdf
 
Description Workshop: 160513 ACS Campus On Tour, Politechnica University, Bucuresti, Romainia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to provide a talk about his group's research entitled "Silk as a biomimetic ideal for polymers" Politechnica University, Splaiul Independentei 313, Bucuresti, 060042, Romania, Friday 13th May 2016. This was part of his involvement with the ACS Campus on Tour series in which he also provides editorial advice to early career researchers and academics under the umbrella of his ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering Associate Editorial position.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://acsoncampus.acs.org/events/politechnica-university-05-13-2016/
 
Description Workshop: 161123 ACS Campus On Tour, German National Library of Science and Technology, Hannover, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to provide a talk about his groups research entitled "Silk: Properties Processing and Potential" ACS On Campus: German National Library of Science and Technology, Wednesday 23rd November 2016. This was part of his involvement with the ACS Campus on Tour series in which he also provides editorial advice to early career researchers and academics under the umbrella of his ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering Associate Editorial position.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://acsoncampus.acs.org/events/german-national-library-of-science-and-technology-tib-hannover-11-...
 
Description Workshop: MeDe Innovation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Chris Holland was invited to give a talk entitled: "High Tech Silks for Medical Applications; the CoMMPLETe approach" Biological & Biomimetic Materials for Medical Devices & Health Technologies as part of the MeDe Innovation workshop held at Sheffield, UK, Thursday 18th September 2014

Increased exposure to the medical devices development community (both research and industry). Introduction to funding managers and an invitation to provide a talk at a medical devices manufacturer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://mede-innovation.ac.uk/