Flood MEMORY: Multi-Event Modelling Of Risk & recoverY

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: Civil Engineering and Geosciences

Abstract

The project will look at the most critical flood scenarios caused by sequences or clusters of extreme weather events striking vulnerable systems of flood defences, urban areas, communities and businesses. The project will analyse and simulate situations where a second flood may strike before coastal or river defences have been reinstated after damage, or householders and small businesses are in a vulnerable condition recovering from the first flood. By examining such events and identifying the worst case scenarios, we hope our findings will lead to enhanced flood resilience and better allocation of resources for protection and recovery. Ultimately the processes developed could be used worldwide.

Changes in the frequency and severity of flooding are under close scrutiny due to increased storminess in projections of future climate. The project will look at observed records of storms and try to understand how clustering may obscure or even exacerbate any climate induced changes. This is crucial for designing flood defence schemes now, which will operate for decades into the future, as current methods of estimating risk in a stationary climate do not fully account for the observed clustering of flood events and possible changes in variability.

Other aspects of the project will look at how coasts (beaches, dunes and engineered defences) and rivers behave during storms. Of particular interest is the effect of previous storms and floods moving sediment (i.e. shingle, sand and river bed material) so that the beach or river is in a different (perhaps weaker) condition when a second flood event arrives. The movement of sediment is difficult to predict as mostly happens during storms, so our knowledge of these processes is currently lacking.

Planned Impact

The Environment Agency (EA), Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) and DEFRA are responsible for flood risk management and environmental regulation in both coastal and fluvial settings and will therefore be major beneficiaries of the project's outputs. The EA will be a project collaborator so will be well placed to make the most of this opportunity. The major areas of interest are likely to be in improved understanding of long term processes of erosion and changes in flood risk and the implications for design and asset management on both coasts and rivers.

The engineering consultancy industry will benefit from significant outputs in terms of both detailed understanding and modelling capabilities of processes on coasts and in fluvial systems, and also in terms of understanding and methods for dealing with various types of non-stationarity in hazard series.

The insurance and re-insurance sectors are acutely conscious of the need for consideration of multiple and enhanced risks from changing hazard regimes. The industry, and the associated Cat Modelling industry, will benefit mostly from improved methods of estimating total risk under a variable hazard regime, with clear implications for better valuations at local, regional and even larger scales.

The public: communities, individuals, local authorities and businesses in the impact case study locations will benefit directly from the project. Engagement of local professionals such as health care and local authority personnel in the focus groups and engagement of the local business community via interviews during empirical data collection will facilitate dissemination of preliminary findings and longer term engagement in the project outcomes. In the longer term, a better understanding of risk and increased awareness of the irregularity in time of flood hazard can be achieved through engagement with the EA and local authorities who now have lead flood authority status.

Publications

10 25 50

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Ballio F (2018) Lagrangian and Eulerian Description of Bed Load Transport in Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface

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Beck C (2015) Axion mass estimates from resonant Josephson junctions in Physics of the Dark Universe

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Bennett W (2016) Climate Change Impacts on Future Wave Climate around the UK in Journal of Marine Science and Engineering

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Besio G (2017) Time clustering of wave storms in the Mediterranean Sea in Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences

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Besio G (2016) Time-clustering of wave storms in the Mediterranean Sea in Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions

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Bhattacharya-Mis N (2015) Mapping community knowledge of vulnerability of value: a case study in the UK in International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering

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BHATTACHARYA-MIS N (2016) RISK PERCEPTION AND VULNERABILITY OF VALUE: A STUDY IN THE CONTEXT OF COMMERCIAL PROPERTY SECTOR in International Journal of Strategic Property Management

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Bhattacharya-Mis N (2014) Socio-economic Complexities of Flood Memory in Building Resilience: An Overview of Research in Procedia Economics and Finance

 
Description Recent severe coastal floods have dramatically emphasized the large vulnerability of highly developed and densely populated coastlines to extreme events. A novel analysis technique has been developed to examine the spatial 'footprints' and temporal 'clustering' of extreme events, which are rarely assessed, despite the fact they lead to amplified flood damages. Four main categories of spatial footprints have been identified: southwest; west; north; and east and southeast.

The effect of flow sequence (i.e. the order of floods of different sizes happening) happening was investigated and key findings are: (i) morphological change may significantly increase future flood risk (Fig 1.) or compromise freeboard allowance; (ii) flood sequence affects the 'recovery' of channel geometry and conveyance capacities; (iii) flood risk assessments would benefit from coupled hydraulic-sediment approaches.
Bank erosion is a significant suspended sediment source that is highly variable catchment and not adequately represented in catchment sediment budget models. A model has been developed which allows the identification of sections of channel that may benefit from restoration/mitigation measures.

Complexity of economic/financial memory shows influence of institutional memory, shared memory and memory triggers.
Patterns of preparedness in commercial and residential property owners and occupiers are related to flood memory.
Importance of income and preparedness on psychosocial impacts after flooding.
Exploitation Route Flood risk management agencies (EA and local authorities), infrastructure operators (train companies etc.) and insurers will be able to use our outputs to stress-test or adapt their strategies accounting for multiple-shock type events.

Work on clusters of storms has shown that temporal dependence means that the overall risk (or estimates of damages) can be larger than if no dependence is assumed. This is important for flood defence investment strategies as well as insurance premium setting.
Local authorities and the Environment Agency with responsibility for coastal flood risk management could take forward the findings on the enhanced impacts of clusters of storms.
Similarly, the Environment Agency and insurance industry could take forward findings on enhanced impacts of clusters of fluvial floods.
Sectors Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

URL https://research.ncl.ac.uk/floodmemory/
 
Description Findings have emerged as the project was carried out. Some key findings have emerged already from the extreme storm episode of winter 2013/2014 which were analysed as a cluster; and found to be the most extreme episode of its kind recorded. The findings on the impacts of clusters of storms have been used by Sefton Borough Council to inform their coastal flood risk management policy. Findings on collective risk from multiple storms are being used by the insurance industry and are of continuing relevance.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Transport
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Risk Register
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact I was involved in a project, run by HR Wallingford, in which we used the SurgeWatch database I created, to determine extreme sea level and coastal flooding events for the UK, to inform the National Flood Risk Register.
 
Description British Council Newton Fund
Amount £43,000 (GBP)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2015 
End 04/2015
 
Description EPSRC
Amount £158,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L000180/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2013 
End 06/2016
 
Description EPSRC Impact Acceleration Award
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2014 
End 02/2016
 
Description HYDRALAB+
Amount € 110,000 (EUR)
Funding ID HYDRALAB-PLUS, Contract no. 654110 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 07/2016 
End 07/2019
 
Description Impact Acceleration Account, EPSRC/Swansea University
Amount £4,950 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2016 
End 07/2016
 
Description Impact Acceleration Grant
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Description Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences (Cambridge): Long term invited participant 'Mathematics of Fluid Earth'
Amount £1,600 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Isaac Newton Trust
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2013 
End 12/2013
 
Description RICS research trust directed research
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2015 
End 10/2016
 
Description Scottish Forestry Trust
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation Scottish Forestry Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Unknown
Start 01/2016 
End 01/2019
 
Description Supporting the uptake of resilient reinstatement during the recovery process
Amount £55,670 (GBP)
Funding ID FD2706 
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
End 08/2018
 
Title FloodMEMORY_Swash 
Description FloodMEMORY_Swash is a process-based simulation model of the surface and sub-surface processes within the swash zone. The model includes surface flow across a beach face and the sub-surface non-Darcian water flow and air entrapment within the beach. These processes are simulated using the Finite Volume Method combined with a tracking algorithm for air/water interfaces. The model has been validated using the laboratory experimental data generated in a previous EPSRC project on the hydrodynamics and sediment transport in the swash zone ((EP/K013513/1). 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The model will be incorporated in the coastal morphodynamic modelling system XBeach. The tool will be available to the wide XBeach users community and will set the basis for a major improvement in morphodynamic modelling. 
 
Title SurgeWatch 
Description This database, and the accompanying website called 'SurgeWatch' (http://surgewatch.stg.rlp.io), provides a systematic UK-wide record of high sea level and coastal flood events over the last 100 years (1915-2014). Derived using records from the National Tide Gauge Network, a dataset of exceedence probabilities from the Environment Agency and meteorological fields from the 20th Century Reanalysis, the database captures information of 96 storm events that generated the highest sea levels around the UK since 1915. For each event, the database contains information about: (1) the storm that generated that event; (2) the sea levels recorded around the UK during the event; and (3) the occurrence and severity of coastal flooding as consequence of the event. The data are presented to be easily assessable and understandable to a wide range of interested parties. The database contains 100 files; four CSV files and 96 PDF files. Two CSV files contain the meteorological and sea level data for each of the 96 events. A third file contains the list of the top 20 largest skew surges at each of the 40 study tide gauge site. In the file containing the sea level and skew surge data, the tide gauge sites are numbered 1 to 40. A fourth accompanying CSV file lists, for reference, the site name and location (longitude and latitude). A description of the parameters in each of the four CSV files is given in the table below. There are also 96 separate PDF files containing the event commentaries. For each event these contain a concise narrative of the meteorological and sea level conditions experienced during the event, and a succinct description of the evidence available in support of coastal flooding, with a brief account of the recorded consequences to people and property. In addition, these contain graphical representation of the storm track and mean sea level pressure and wind fields at the time of maximum high water, the return period and skew surge magnitudes at sites around the UK, and a table of the date and time, offset return period, water level, predicted tide and skew surge for each site where the 1 in 5 year threshold was reached or exceeded for each event. A detailed description of how the database was created is given in Haigh et al. (2015). Coastal flooding caused by extreme sea levels can be devastating, with long-lasting and diverse consequences. The UK has a long history of severe coastal flooding. The recent 2013-14 winter in particular, produced a sequence of some of the worst coastal flooding the UK has experienced in the last 100 years. At present 2.5 million properties and £150 billion of assets are potentially exposed to coastal flooding. Yet despite these concerns, there is no formal, national framework in the UK to record flood severity and consequences and thus benefit an understanding of coastal flooding mechanisms and consequences. Without a systematic record of flood events, assessment of coastal flooding around the UK coast is limited. The database was created at the School of Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton with help from the Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, the National Oceanography Centre and the British Oceanographic Data Centre. Collation of the database and the development of the website was funded through a Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) impact acceleration grant. The database contributes to the objectives of UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) consortium project FLOOD Memory (EP/K013513/1). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We launched our SurgeWatch website (http://www.surgewatch.org) just over a month ago on the 12 May 2015, along with a paper in Scientific Data (http://www.nature.com/articles/sdata201521) describing the study. Using google analytics we have been able to track who has visited the site. In total more than 10,000 people have visited the site from 85 countries. Members of the public have also started to contribute photos of flooding to the website. We did a press-release on the 12 May and got interest from several different media sources. I gave a TV interview on ITV Meridian and a radio interview on BBC Radio Solent. Several news web-sites featured a story on the database included the Telegraph, Daily Echo (http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/voice_of_the_echo/12948137.First_class_research_from_the_city_s_university/?ref=arc) and Geographical (http://geographical.co.uk/uk/uk/item/1032-flood-database-goes-live), among others. I wrote several popular science articles about SurgeWatch, including for: The conversation - https://theconversation.com/been-flooded-recently-these-scientists-want-to-hear-from-you-41716 Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk management Network - http://www.fcerm.net/news/surgewatch-new-100-year-record-coastal-flooding-uk The Solent Forum - to appear in their next addition The Tyndal Centre - to appear in their next addition NERC Plan Earth - to appear in their future addition later this year NOC news - to appear in their next addition We have also had numerous mentions on facebook and twitter. In house, I have also written an article for the SOES news and various blog and news posts. We have been contacted by several organisations interested in the website, including Survey and Insurance companies. The UK Climate Impacts Program (UKCIP), a important policy maker, wrote very positively about our site on their website (http://www.ukcip.org.uk/visualisation-for-coastal-flood-management/) and latest news letter. I met with staff from three teams within the Environment Agency two weeks ago regarding the website and database. They are extremely interested in it and will like to incorporate it in somewhere into their forecasting. Over the coming months we are going to explore a partnership with them, which may result in additional funding. As a direct results of the work and database we created, I have been commissioned to undertake a study (8k in funding to Southampton Uni), lead by HR Wallingford, on behalf of the National Health and Safety Laboratory (Health and Safety Laboratory) to define 'worst case' flood scenarios for the UK. I have also been contacted my researchers from around the world interested in the site. Include Hal Needam, who runs the global database on tropical cyclones (http://surge.srcc.lsu.edu/index.html). 
URL http://www.surgewatch.org
 
Description BECCWG 
Organisation EDF Energy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Advice and analyses for risk assessments to nuclear installations under future climate change.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of contexts and challenges for future climate-risk related scenarios and information.
Impact Various advice, analyses and reports on future environmental hazards affecting nuclear installations in UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description EA 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Development of weather generator software (EARWIG) Development of CityCat urban flood model software Analysis of fluvial and coastal flooding and effects of repeated shocks on coastal and fluvial defences
Collaborator Contribution Provision of extensive data sets including lidar DEMs, river flow data, rainfall data
Impact Software - EARWIG weather generator Software - CityCat flood mdoel
 
Description Forest Research 
Organisation Forest Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Related flood risk research into NFM monitoring and modelling
Collaborator Contribution Expertise, modelling and policy
Impact Successful additional funding via SFT
Start Year 2015
 
Description ICODEP 
Organisation Newcastle University
Department School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of time-clustering of wave-storms in the Mediterranean Sea (already one publication), and within the EU Transnational Access Programme (HYDRALAB-PLUS, Contract no. 654110) for the experiments at Hannover Forschungszentrum Küste (FZK)
Collaborator Contribution Together with the University of Genova, Catania and Rome, La Sapienza, University o Ghent, Belgium, University of NewCastle, UK and UNESCO, IHE, Holland, we prepared a proposal for a project within the EU funded programme, Hydralab+. The project is entitled ICODEP and consists of large-scale laboratory experiments of the interaction between a beach and a coastal structure. The budget for the experiment is 110000€, which is not directly allocated to partners who receive only travel and subsistence.
Impact -One paper on Natural Hazard and Earth Science Systems.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ICODEP 
Organisation Sapienza University of Rome
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of time-clustering of wave-storms in the Mediterranean Sea (already one publication), and within the EU Transnational Access Programme (HYDRALAB-PLUS, Contract no. 654110) for the experiments at Hannover Forschungszentrum Küste (FZK)
Collaborator Contribution Together with the University of Genova, Catania and Rome, La Sapienza, University o Ghent, Belgium, University of NewCastle, UK and UNESCO, IHE, Holland, we prepared a proposal for a project within the EU funded programme, Hydralab+. The project is entitled ICODEP and consists of large-scale laboratory experiments of the interaction between a beach and a coastal structure. The budget for the experiment is 110000€, which is not directly allocated to partners who receive only travel and subsistence.
Impact -One paper on Natural Hazard and Earth Science Systems.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ICODEP 
Organisation United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Department UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education
PI Contribution Analysis of time-clustering of wave-storms in the Mediterranean Sea (already one publication), and within the EU Transnational Access Programme (HYDRALAB-PLUS, Contract no. 654110) for the experiments at Hannover Forschungszentrum Küste (FZK)
Collaborator Contribution Together with the University of Genova, Catania and Rome, La Sapienza, University o Ghent, Belgium, University of NewCastle, UK and UNESCO, IHE, Holland, we prepared a proposal for a project within the EU funded programme, Hydralab+. The project is entitled ICODEP and consists of large-scale laboratory experiments of the interaction between a beach and a coastal structure. The budget for the experiment is 110000€, which is not directly allocated to partners who receive only travel and subsistence.
Impact -One paper on Natural Hazard and Earth Science Systems.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ICODEP 
Organisation University of Catania
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of time-clustering of wave-storms in the Mediterranean Sea (already one publication), and within the EU Transnational Access Programme (HYDRALAB-PLUS, Contract no. 654110) for the experiments at Hannover Forschungszentrum Küste (FZK)
Collaborator Contribution Together with the University of Genova, Catania and Rome, La Sapienza, University o Ghent, Belgium, University of NewCastle, UK and UNESCO, IHE, Holland, we prepared a proposal for a project within the EU funded programme, Hydralab+. The project is entitled ICODEP and consists of large-scale laboratory experiments of the interaction between a beach and a coastal structure. The budget for the experiment is 110000€, which is not directly allocated to partners who receive only travel and subsistence.
Impact -One paper on Natural Hazard and Earth Science Systems.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ICODEP 
Organisation University of Genoa
Department Department of Civil, Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of time-clustering of wave-storms in the Mediterranean Sea (already one publication), and within the EU Transnational Access Programme (HYDRALAB-PLUS, Contract no. 654110) for the experiments at Hannover Forschungszentrum Küste (FZK)
Collaborator Contribution Together with the University of Genova, Catania and Rome, La Sapienza, University o Ghent, Belgium, University of NewCastle, UK and UNESCO, IHE, Holland, we prepared a proposal for a project within the EU funded programme, Hydralab+. The project is entitled ICODEP and consists of large-scale laboratory experiments of the interaction between a beach and a coastal structure. The budget for the experiment is 110000€, which is not directly allocated to partners who receive only travel and subsistence.
Impact -One paper on Natural Hazard and Earth Science Systems.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ICODEP 
Organisation University of Ghent
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of time-clustering of wave-storms in the Mediterranean Sea (already one publication), and within the EU Transnational Access Programme (HYDRALAB-PLUS, Contract no. 654110) for the experiments at Hannover Forschungszentrum Küste (FZK)
Collaborator Contribution Together with the University of Genova, Catania and Rome, La Sapienza, University o Ghent, Belgium, University of NewCastle, UK and UNESCO, IHE, Holland, we prepared a proposal for a project within the EU funded programme, Hydralab+. The project is entitled ICODEP and consists of large-scale laboratory experiments of the interaction between a beach and a coastal structure. The budget for the experiment is 110000€, which is not directly allocated to partners who receive only travel and subsistence.
Impact -One paper on Natural Hazard and Earth Science Systems.
Start Year 2016
 
Description SEPA 
Organisation Scottish Environment Protection Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Dissemination of flood modelling R&D; field monitoring of SuDS and rivers for flow, sediment transport and pollutants
Collaborator Contribution Flow gauge data availability; modelling expertise and guidance documents, proposal co-authorship and support, post flood survey advice/data etc.
Impact Successful related funding proposal to Scottish Forestry Trust (awarded 2015) for flood risk management and modelling approaches Direct collaboration on EPSRC Impact Acceleration Award funding (2014-2015) into flood risk management
Start Year 2013
 
Description Wuhan University 
Organisation Wuhan University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research collaboration facilitated for sediment model development
Collaborator Contribution Expertise and code
Impact Successful Carnegie award 2015 (returned to funder due to change of staff); revised submission pending 2016.
Start Year 2013
 
Title SurgeWatch 
Description The UK has a long history of severe coastal flooding, and at present 2.5 million properties and £150 billion of assets are potentially exposed to coastal flooding. However, there is no formal, national framework in the UK to record flood severity and consequences and thus benefit an understanding of coastal flooding mechanisms and consequences. To address this issue, we have compiled an innovative new database called 'SurgeWatch' (www.surgewatch.org) to systematic document and improve understanding of coastal flooding. Integrating a variety of 'hard' (e.g. sea level and wave records, meteorological data) and 'soft' (e.g. newspapers, weather reports, and social media) data sources we have identified 330 distinct coastal flooding events from 1915 to 2017 for the UK (and are in the process of adding an additional 400 events pre-1915, extending as far back as 245 AD). We have ranked of each of the 330 flood events using a multi-level categorisation based on inundation, transport disruption, costs, and fatalities: from 1 (Nuisance) to 6 (Disaster). For the most severe events ranked Category 3 and above, an accompanying event description based upon the Source-Pathway-Receptor-Consequence framework has been produced. To our knowledge SurgeWatch is the most detailed database on coastal flooding anywhere in the world and we hope that similar datasets will be compiled for other countries/regions, following the framework we have developed here. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact The database and our accompanying website (www.surgewatch.org) has received considerable attention and positive feedback from scientists, coastal managers and the general public. SurgeWatch was mentioned in a Parliamentary 'debate pack' as part of a briefing to inform MPs ahead of a debate about coastal flood risk held in Westminster on 7th July 2015. We are working with the Environment Agency to implement the database into the UK's forecasting and Warning Service. SurgeWatch has been used in the Cabinet Office's Risk Register to define extreme coastal flood events for the UK. 
URL http://www.surgewatch.org
 
Description ARCC flooding and business workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact ARCC workshop to develop understanding of research into small businesses and flooding. Academics and practitioners debated the way forward for dissemination and further research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Attendance at the Cell 11 Regional Monitoring Strategy meeting at Sefton Council Offices 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact An introduction to research focused on the Sefton coast generated discussion.

Ways to incorporate the outputs of the research into management planning were disused.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Bangor University School of Ocean Sciences Endeavour society seminar: UK storm impacts and current research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The talk increased awareness of storm impacts prompting discussion.

An MSc student emailed following the presentation to find out about PhD opportunities in Liverpool.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Cell 11 Regional Monitoring Strategy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion generated about how to involve research into shoreline management.

There will be a meeting to progress an idea for a knowledge transfer partnership.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference Organisation of 1st EPS Statistical and Nonlinear Physics Conference Krakow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 120 scientists discussed stochastic modelling methods and statistical physics approaches
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference on Dynamics of Complex Systems 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The meeting further developed applications of complex systems research and sparked scientific discussions and interactions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/maths/research/events/2015-16/nonsymposium/dcs/
 
Description EA TAG 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote talk on FCERM related research and future requirements from EPSRC FRMsandpit grants. Questions over "national" (England, Scotland) and engineering (EPSRC) focus.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description FCERM General Assembly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Academic and stakeholder workshop in flood risk management - dissmination of new research, identification of R&D gaps to be addressed and funding mechanisms available
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Factsheet - Psycho-social impacts of flooding on households 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This is part of the collection of factsheets available for download on the FloodMemory website and institutional websitesand given out at dissemination events, each highlighting a particular aspect of the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Flood Expo - Live debate on flood management in an uncertain future 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Debate ranged around uncertainties in the future and the lessons learned from the past. A wide ranging debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.thefloodexpo.co.uk/live-debates/
 
Description Flood Expo Seminar: Learning from experience: lessons in resilience from repeatedly flooded communities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at the primary trade conference for the flood management industry
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.thefloodexpo.co.uk/
 
Description Flood Force Film 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talks at several forums advertised the film, which was premiered in Newcastle in June 2013.

Increased awareness and uptake of our methods in industry and local authorities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://www.lwec.org.uk/stories/flood-force-launched
 
Description Flood and Coast 2017 Live Seminar : Factors affecting psycho-social impacts of flooding 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at leading national conference for flood practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.floodandcoast.com/
 
Description FloodMEMORY presentation at AGU 2014 Fall Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presentation on new bank erosion modelling generated questions and discussion

Requests for copies of the poster
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Flooding 2015: Risks and Resilience Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gained new insight into adaptive management for flood risk.

Awareness of consultants working in similar areas to strengthen knowledge exchange.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Horizon 2020 projects: portal interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Horizon 2020 projects portal editor to print an article on 'Coping with coastal change'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.horizon2020publications.com/H9/#
 
Description IAHR 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact International conference of practitioners in FRM engineering and academics in R&D. International perspective on risks and requirements for further R&D. Invitation to influence future conference sessions towards current EPSRC reearch.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Interview for CNN 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with CNN after widespread Asian Flooding in 2017 about the different approaches to flood risk management and how cities can improve their flood resilience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://edition.cnn.com/2017/07/24/asia/climate-change-floods-asia/index.html
 
Description NW coast practitioner's workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk generated questions about coastal research. A collaboration was formed with the Pembroke Coastal Group leading to a successful CASE partner PhD studentship within the Liverpool-Manchester DTP. The student starts September 2016.

Awareness of coastal impacts research was increased.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Nottingham University Life in Changing Environments Research Priority Area Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar on Uncertainties & tipping points associated with coastal flood hazard. Discussion & questions about coastal research followed. New networks were developed with departments within Nottingham University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Post Graduate student workshop presentation: Waves, Surge & Coastal Vulnerability 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact There was discussion about the research afterwards.

There was interest in the models used in recent research projects to see how they could be used in collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at British Hydrological Society National Symposium on Challenging Hydrological Theory and Practice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk on new modelling developments in bank erosion led to questions and discussions

Provided valuable feedback for early career scientist
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation at Royal Society of Architects Wales Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to chair the conference on "Water A World Issue" and make the keynote presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at UK Construction Week 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I was invited to give this CPD rated event, about 75 people attended. There was discussion and questions following the talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at Willis Flood Club 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation on flood risk assessment and climate change to an insurance industry forum at Willis Insurance Brokers HQ, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on Coastal storm impacts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Researchers from the UK, Brazil, USA and Mexico met to share research achievements relating to shelf sea science.

A proposal is in preparation involving collaboration between UK and Mexican researchers to investigate wave-current interactions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Presentation to Extreme events team Public Health England 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked an exchange of information and comments for feedback to wider research teams

After my talk PHE gave a presentation at UWE to the students and researchers and discussions around research collaborations followed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation to Network RailNetwork Rail 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation was given during the Nottingham Transportation Engineering Centre annual review meeting with the Network Rail Asset Management Team. The meeting was attended by the team leader Andy Kirwan and two further team members. Other attendees were postgraduate students of University of Nottingham. The presentation showed how the research carried out during Flood MEMORY is relevant to the weather resilience. The presentation was made available to Network Rail and passed to the Climate Change team in the organisation.
Further collaboration is currently being discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Property Flood Resiience Roundtable Task Group 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This task group aims to provide and communicate evidence on the benefits of property flood resilience for SMEs based on the experience of businesses already adopting resilience. This is an ongoing task group with a 5 year agenda involving major insurers, loss adjusters and other stakeholders interested in reducing loss and damage after flooding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description Resilience through insurance - a comparison of the role of insurance in flood resilience for households and businesses in England: Presentation at International Conference on Building Resilience 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Academic conference in Lisbon
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SEPA & Norway's EA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Knowledge exchange on FRM R&D and best practice - continued KE/KT activity of research outcomes and next step R&D development requirements
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Science Conference: "Flood risk uncertainty surrounding a 0.5% annual probability event." 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact The talk was followed by questions and discussions afterwards.

A new contact in the US with similar research interests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.waveworkshop.org/14thWaves/index.htm
 
Description Seminar: Credible evidence for decision support. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Approximately 15-20 researchers and data managers attended the seminar who were interested in science support for coastal management.

The Channel Coastal Observatory were interested in the use of data for scientific research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Seminar: Extreme Events & Coastal Vulnerability. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion afterwards about possible PhD projects.

Invited to join the Marine Knowledge Exchange Network at UEA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Stakeholder led field visit to the Sefton coast 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Information was provided on the management issues facing the Sefton coast relating to flood and erosion risk .

Following the field visit data was identified for use within the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The Flood Resilient Challenge for SME 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation during the industry annual trade event in collaboration with an industry practitioner to raise awareness of the impact of regular flooding on businesses and their distinctive approach to managing flooding. Sparked a lively discussion and delegates requested details of the research to disseminate to their member organisations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.thefloodexpo.co.uk/speakers/ian-gibbs-and-dr-jessica-lamond/
 
Description Visit and presentation to EDF HQ in France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited to present FloodMEMORY research results to staff at EDF's headquarters in Paris, to explore the relevance of the research to their hydroelectric power generation. Financial proposals for further collaborative work requested by EDF
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Visit to the Sefton Council 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Monitoring data was shared for coastal model validation.

The council were interested in the modelling outputs and joined the project advisory board.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Webinar in FCERM_Net 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact There was a considerable interest on the research presented in the webinar. A very interesting question-answer session followed.

Potential new research collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Webinar- impact of flood memory and repeat flooding on mental health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussions afterwards

requests for publications and exchange of publications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://fcerm.net/resource/role-flood-memory-impact-repeat-flooding-mental-health-0