HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING SUPPORT FOR UNITED KINGDOM CONSORTIUM ON TURBULENT REACTING FLOWS (UKCTRF)

Lead Research Organisation: Loughborough University
Department Name: Wolfson Sch of Mech, Elec & Manufac Eng

Abstract

The proposed UK Consortium on Turbulent Reacting Flows will perform high-fidelity computational simulations (i.e. Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes simulations (RANS), Large Eddy Simulation (LES) and Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS)) by utilising national High Performance Computing (HPC) resources to address the challenges related to energy through the fundamental physical understanding and modelling of turbulent reacting flows. Engineering applications range from the formulation of reliable fire-safety measures to the design of energy-efficient and environmentally-friendly internal combustion engines and gas turbines. The consortium will serve as a platform to collaborate and share HPC expertise within the research community and to help UK computational reacting flow research to remain internationally competitive. The proposed research of the consortium is divided into a number of broad work packages, which will be continued throughout the duration of the consortium and which will be reinforced by other Research Council and industrial grants secured by the consortium members. The consortium will also support both externally funded (e.g. EU and industrial) and internal (e.g. university PhD) projects, which do not have dedicated HPC support of their own.
The consortium will not only have huge intellectual impact in terms of fundamental physical understanding and modelling of turbulent reacting flows, but will also have considerable long-term societal impact in terms of energy efficiency and environmental friendliness. Moreover, the cutting edge computational tools developed by the consortium will aid UK based manufacturers (e.g. Rolls Royce and Siemens) to design safe, reliable, energy-efficient and environmentally-friendly combustion devices to exploit the expanding world-wide energy market and boost the UK economy. Last but not least, the proposed collaborative research lays great importance on the development of highly-skilled man-power in the form of Research Associates (RAs) and PhD students of the consortium members, who in turn are expected to contribute positively to the UK economy and UK reacting flow research for many years to come.

Publications

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Abdel-Raheem M (2015) Large eddy simulation of hydrogen-air premixed flames in a small scale combustion chamber in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

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Abdel-Raheem MA (2014) Numerical experiments of Hydrogen-Air Premixed Flames in Int. Journal of Research in Eng. and Science

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Abdel-Raheem MA (2014) Numerical Experiments of Hydrogen-Air Premixed Flames in International Journal of Research in Engineering and Science (IJRES)

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Beavis N (2018) A numerical study of intake valve jet flapping in a gasoline direct injection engine in International Journal of Powertrains

 
Description The UKCTRF consortium was launched in January 2014 and it will run until January 2019. Thus, it is still early days for this consortium to deliver substantial key findings and research outcomes. The vision of UKCTRF is closely aligned with the 'Energy' research theme of EPSRC under the headings of Energy Efficiency and Conventional Generation. The major beneficiaries of this work are the UK based industries (e.g. Rolls Royce, Shell and Siemens etc.) which are engaged in developing new concepts for designing low-pollution and high efficiency IC engines and gas turbines. Moreover, fire related research in the consortium will minimise the effects of atmospheric chemical pollution, accidental releases, fires and explosions, which in turn will lead to the development of improved fire-safety and reliable fire-resistant structures. Given the long term nature of the design-cycle of IC engines, gas turbines, and fire-resistant structures, as well as the time required to build up enough confidence in the community, it is likely that the impact of this project, in terms of new product and wealth creation in the UK, will be felt in a time-scale of 10-20 years. The technological advancements of this consortium will also help in designing energy-efficient and environment-friendly combustors especially for the UK based industries (e.g. Rolls Royce, Siemens, Shell etc.), which will also bring a long-term benefit (in a time scale of 10-20 years) for society. The data will be shared to other UK research groups upon request, and will play a significant role in devising and calibrating new models to carry out high-fidelity LES and RANS simulations. Finally, the CFD software community, who use state-of-the-art combustion RANS/LES models in their codes to yield high-fidelity predictions, will also be interested in this work and ultimately this benefit will be realised in 5 -10 years' time-scale. This consortium lays substantial emphasis on developing a highly skilled UK-based workforce in the form of postdoctoral researchers and PhD students who will eventually carry the expertise gained in the course of the project in their future roles. This benefit will be felt immediately as many young researchers (PhD students and RA) are already getting valuable experience of using High Performance Computing to address challenging problems of turbulent reacting flows which, in turn, is directly linked to the issues of energy efficiency, environment friendliness and improved fire-safety. Addressing these issues will therefore have significant socio-economic impact.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Chemicals,Education,Energy,Environment,Transport
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Collaborative Research with Tohoku Uiversity Japan 
Organisation Tohoku University
Department Department of Chemical Engineering
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have established a collaborative research link with Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan to work in the area of Turbulent Combustion Modelling. Professor Yohsuke Matsushita worked with our group as a visiting academic for a year and a postgraduate student from Tohoku University also spent time with our group and worked on developing various numerical methods. These include laminar flamelet models, FPV, UFPV and FGM. Professor Malalasekera also visited Tohoku University.
Collaborator Contribution Expert knowledge on Turbulent Combustion modelling is excahged and joint user codes are being devloped.
Impact Reseach publications and code development is ongoing.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Academiv visit to 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Academic visit by a member of the research team to, Combustion Technology Group, at the Mechanical Engineering Department of the Technical University of Eindhoven, Netherlands to study and learn the Flamelet Generated Manifolds (FGM) method for turbulent combustion simulations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Guest Lecture and Seminar at Tohoku University, Sendai Japan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Invited guest lecture at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan by Professor W. Malalasekera outlining turbulent combustion modelling reserach at Loughborough University UK including research on Hydrogen safety.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Guest Lecture at Steel Research Laboratory, JFE Steel Corporation, Fukuyama, Hiroshima, Japan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A guest lecture at the Steel Research Laboratory, JFE Steel Corporation, Fukuyama, Hiroshima, Japan. The lecture explained latest turbulent combustion modelling research undertaken by the Loughborough research group including Hydrogen safety research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote lecture - Renewable Energy and Role of Hydrogen as a Future Fuel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a Keynote Lecture at the conference "4th International Conference of Chemical Engineering & Industrial Biotechnology ICCEIB 2018" held in Kaula Lumpur, Malaysia, in August 2018. The conference was organised by the University of Pahang, Malaysia and attended by more than 200 international participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://icceib.ump.edu.my/index.php/en/
 
Description Keynote lecture at the 28th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena (ISTP28) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact An invited Keynote lecture on "Application of Advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics techniques in Combustion Modelling" was conducted at the 28th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena - 2017, held at the University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.pdn.ac.lk/istp28/
 
Description Keynote lecture at the ICBSE 2016 Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An invited Keynote Lecture on "Hydrogen as Future Fuel" was given at the 7th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment (ICSBE 2016).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Participated in the UK Consortium on Turbulent Reacting Flows (UKCTRF) workshop held at Cambridge University on 11th Sep 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The aim of the workshop was to share the activities and experience of UKCTRF group members working on advanced turbulence combustion modelling research. It was very useful for our current research.

Networking with other researchers working in the area and getting to know new researchers who are working in turbulent combustion research has been a useful outcome from this meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation at the UKCTRF Conference - Imperial College 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A presentation outlining current turbulent combustion work by Professor Malalasekera at Loughborough University, titled "Large Eddy Simulation of Jet in Cross-flow mixing in gas turbine fuel injection" was given at the UKCTRF conference held on the 22nd and 23rd of September 2015 at Imperial College, London. The presentation was received very well and there was a questions and answer session to discuss turbulent combustion modelling research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Rolls Royce Combustion CFD Annual Review 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at the Rolls Royce Combustion CFD Annual Riview by Dr Gary Page and further dicussions on impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Thermoacoustics meeting at Cambridge University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Simulations of the acoustic response of a spray formed by an aero engine fuel injector under acoustic forcing were presented. The audience were academics and research students/staff working in the field of thermoacoustics as well as Rolls-Royce engineers from the UK and Germany working in the combustion and CFD methods departments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description UKCTRF Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated and presented work at the United Kingdom Consortium on Turbulent Reacting Flows (UKCTRF) conference held at Imperial College London on 22nd and 23rd September 2015.

The aim of the workshop was to share the activities and experience of UKCTRF group members working on advanced turbulence combustion modelling research. It was very useful for our current research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015