Cleaning Land for Wealth

Lead Research Organisation: University of Warwick
Department Name: WMG

Abstract

This project addresses the challenge of treating contaminated land to recover materials for future use and economic gain. All existing work on land remediation is energy and/or resource intensive and focuses on sequestering contaminants with no attempt to recover them as a resource. Currently there are few genuine economic drivers to motivate decontamination and land recovery even though many sites contain substantial amounts of valuable minerals. The resource costs for land treatment are prohibitive for dilute and dispersed sites. Recent estimates suggest that there are approximately 300,000 hectares of land in the UK affected to some extent by industrial or natural contamination. In Western Europe 350,000 contaminated sites with an estimated treatment cost of 350bn euros have been identified. Globally, substantial land contamination exists though this is poorly quantified.

This project will deliver bio-manufactured, functionalised, Nano-particles and other high value products from contaminated land. We will utilise the ability of plants to preferentially take metals out of the ground in significant quantities (hyperaccumulate). We will then recover those metals via a combination of synthetic biology and process engineering and develop "bio-factories" that turn those metals into metallic nanoparticles via bacteria. During the recovery process we will also utilise microbes to break the lignocellulose parts of the crops into valuable materials like DHA, Vanillin and other chemical or polymer feedstocks.

As part of the bio-factory process, we will functionalise the nanoparticles so that they have industrial significance and hence maximise their value. We have selected two common polluting targets - arsenic (As) and platinum group metals (PGM) - which are generated by industrial processes and pollute large amounts of land and water courses which endanger health, preventing human habitation or other forms of exploitation. As nanoparticles are used to treat aggressive cancers and PGM nanoparticles are used in a wide range of applications such as catalysis, fuel cells and batteries. We also expect to develop new opportunities for these and similar materials as the research progresses.

Planned Impact

This project will address the important challenge of remediating contaminated land to recover materials for future use and economic gain.

Industrial Impact: Manufacturing will benefit from new feedstocks for existing applications and potentially new products. The proposed low energy process has the potential for disruptive innovation in the land remediation sector suffering incremental change with limited financial return or social benefit.

Public and Social Impact: Globally, contaminated land blights the lives of millions with limited financial motivation for this to be addressed: this proposal offers a unique driver for economic land transformation. Contaminated land represents a significant loss of land and chronic polluting potential for communities throughout the world. The successful application of the technology outlined in this proposal would lead to health benefits by reducing the exposure of people to high concentrations of toxic metals. It would enable treated land to be used for agriculture or urbanization, without risk of illness, creating employment that would lead to personal and societal benefits and possibly lead to a profound shift in world dynamics. In addition, the resource efficiency KTN estimates that world wide mining activities are responsible for 5% of global carbon dioxide emissions, consume limited fossil fuel resources and produce other damaging 'greenhouse gases', recovery of metals would reduce the burden on mining and its environmental impact.

Economic Impact: The potential cost of clean-up for Western Europe is estimated to cost 350B EUR across 350,000 sites. Land recovery will lead to benefits for the most needy in society, by creating employment and reducing healthcare needs, which in turn leads to economic benefits at a national and international level. EPSRC, TSB, and BBSRC have programmes in the wider arena yet none have addressed the economic recovery of materials: we regard this as a motivating rationale for establishing such a resource management process. In addition, the development of new process routes for the production of lower cost and/or higher performance chemicals and metal nanoparticles may contribute towards wealth generation in a number of possible sectors.

Policy Makers: Impact on policymakers on future technology options in: contaminated land remediation (e.g. DEFRA); eco- friendly / economic production routes for chemical / polymer feedstocks and nano-materials (BIS and DEFRA); advancing biotechnology/synthetic biology in the public interest and in the development of a range of high-value products that incorporate nano-materials (BIS, DH and DECC)

Publications

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Cinelli M (2016) A framework of criteria for the sustainability assessment of nanoproducts in Journal of Cleaner Production

 
Title Art-Science collaboration with BurtonNitta 
Description V&A (London) exhibition of Art-Science collaboration 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact Articles in .Cent magazine, Disorder magazine and the V&A magazine This work was nominated for the STARTS PRIZE '16, the grand prize of the European Commission honoring Innovation in Technology, Industry and Society stimulated by the Arts. 
URL http://burtonnitta.co.uk/InstrumentsOfTheAfterlife.html
 
Title Landscape Within 
Description The 'Landscape Within' Project is a development of the previous collaborative project 'Instruments of the Afterlife', focusing on the synthetic biology work of the Horsfall lab, and is supported by a Wellcome Trust Arts Award awarded to the artists Burton Nitta. The first piece of artwork resulting from this project has been exhibited as part of Digital Design Weekend, V&A, London, (23 - 25 September 2016); at Tank Gallery, St Saviour's & St Olave's School, London (November - December 2016), and at MU Gallery, Eindhoven (December 2016 - February 2017). Further work and exhibitions at Old Truman Brewery (London) and the Westminster Reference Library (London). 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Over 7000 people interacted with our piece directly at the V&A. The Digital Design Weekend overall audience was around 20,000. Nearly 100 students have visited and interacted with the piece when exhibited at schools. The artwork has proved to be a teaching aid for a diverse range of subject including: Design, Art, Science, Technology, Philosophy and Religious Studies, and material on the research underway in the Horsfall Lab was also provided. We have no numbers for the gallery in Eindhoven, as yet. 
URL http://burtonnitta.co.uk/LandscapeWithin.html
 
Description We have found that it is possible to extract selected metals from polluted soil using particualar plants and then subsequently extract those metals in a desired form via the use of Synthetic Biology. We have then degraded the remaining plant matter into high value chemicals and additives via industrial biotechnology. The potential end uses of these materials have also been shown to work.
Exploitation Route Phytormediation is being heavily utilised as a means of cleaning land. We have now developed a way whereby this can be a wealth generating process rather than just a cost. Agricultural and mining communities are particularly interested as it can clean the environment and provide extra income.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Transport

 
Description Coordinated responses to the Convention on Biological Diversity on the potential impacts of synthetic biology opinions II and III
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description EPSRC Circular Economy Positional Paper
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Open-ended Online Forum on Synthetic Biology
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description SSAC report on SB: opportunities for Scotland
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://www.scottishscience.org.uk/article/opportunities-scotland-synthetic-biology-ssac-report-publi...
 
Description member of ISB board for KTN
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Provide direction which caused government to invest and direct funding to stimulate this sector
 
Description BBSRC DTG CASE studentship awarded through the University of Edinburgh with Diageo
Amount £11,700 (GBP)
Organisation Diageo 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2012 
End 09/2015
 
Description DEFRA ITT: Examination of Contaminated Land Sector Activity in England and Wales and the Impacts of Revised Statutory Guidance (Project code SP1011)
Amount £89,398 (GBP)
Funding ID SP1011 
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2013 
End 05/2014
 
Description EPSRC Global Challenges ODA Funding (UK-Brazil joint programme on the development of thermochemical conversion technologies for metal-rich biomass derived from ultramafic soil)
Amount £28,568 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description Early Career Fellowship
Amount £998,152 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N026519/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
End 02/2022
 
Description Impact Acceleration Account
Amount £55,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description Impact Acceleration Account
Amount £16,759 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 03/2017
 
Description International Partnering Awards
Amount £25,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/L010828/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2013 
End 09/2016
 
Description SUPERGEN Small Grant
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Manchester 
Department SUPERGEN Bioenergy Hub
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2015 
End 11/2016
 
Description Collaboration with CLEVER project 
Organisation University of Bath
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mechanical investigation of the composite materials produced within CLEVER project, writing a collaborative paper.
Collaborator Contribution Visits of the partners, participation in scientific seminars at our institution, results discussion and writing a collaborative paper.
Impact Expected output is publication of a collaborative paper and continuation of the collaboration in the future. Also, the exchange of ideas and research interests is expected via visits, talks and seminars. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary in which chemical process development (Bath University) is combined with materials science (Warwick University). Another output is an internal application for a summer school to be held next year where lecturers both from Warwick and Bath will teach posgraduate students.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic chemistry, Novosibirsk, Russia 
Organisation Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Novosibirsk, Russia
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The placement took place at the Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation. The hosting person was Prof Olga Shuvaeva, Prof., Dr. of Sci., Head of Environmental Chemistry Chair, Department of Natural Sciences, Novosibirsk State University, and Head of Analytical Chemistry Group at Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry. Prof Olga Shuvaeva is one of the world-leading scientists in analytical chemistry and environmental science, the author of more than 100 papers in peer-reviewed journals (http://biochemistry.conferenceseries.com/ocm/2016/olga-v-shuvaeva-novosibirsk-state-university-russia#sthash.UwtvoDja.dpuf). Her research interests are trace elements (mainly mercury and arsenic) transformation and transport study in environmental and biological systems using various separation techniques. During the placement I obtained training on capillary electrophoresis, ICP-AES combined with HPLC and HG-ICP-AES. During my visit, which lasted for 4 weeks (10.08.15 - 07.09.15), I optimized extraction of arsenic and nickel from accumulating plants and studied the speciation of these metals in the plant extracts by the aforementioned techniques. My work was supervised and guided by a colleague - PhD student Tamara Romanova. The outcome of my visit is a collaborative paper on phytoremediation enhanced by biomass degradation which will be submitted shortly to Bioresource Technology Journal. Also, a collaborative proposal "New era of gold-mining" is under preparation where Russian team of scientists (PI - Prof Olga Shuvaeva, proposed funding body is RSCF (Russian Science Fund)) and Warwick team of biologists and chemists (proposed funding bodies - Entrust and NERC) will be working on recovery of gold from contaminated soil and waters. Also, the results of my visit was an established contacts with some researchers from the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, such as Prof Oleg Lomovsky, Head of Laboratory of Solid State Chemistry, Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry, Novosibirsk, Russia and Prof Konstantin Volcho, Department of Medical Chemistry, Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry, Novosibirsk, Russia.
Collaborator Contribution The placement took place at the Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation. The hosting person was Prof Olga Shuvaeva, Prof., Dr. of Sci., Head of Environmental Chemistry Chair, Department of Natural Sciences, Novosibirsk State University, and Head of Analytical Chemistry Group at Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry. Prof Olga Shuvaeva is one of the world-leading scientists in analytical chemistry and environmental science, the author of more than 100 papers in peer-reviewed journals (http://biochemistry.conferenceseries.com/ocm/2016/olga-v-shuvaeva-novosibirsk-state-university-russia#sthash.UwtvoDja.dpuf). Her research interests are trace elements (mainly mercury and arsenic) transformation and transport study in environmental and biological systems using various separation techniques. During the placement I obtained training on capillary electrophoresis, ICP-AES combined with HPLC and HG-ICP-AES. During my visit, which lasted for 4 weeks (10.08.15 - 07.09.15), I optimized extraction of arsenic and nickel from accumulating plants and studied the speciation of these metals in the plant extracts by the aforementioned techniques. My work was supervised and guided by a colleague - PhD student Tamara Romanova. The outcome of my visit is a collaborative paper on phytoremediation enhanced by biomass degradation which will be submitted shortly to Bioresource Technology Journal. Also, the results of my visit was an established contacts with some researchers from the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, such as Prof Oleg Lomovsky, Head of Laboratory of Solid State Chemistry, Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry, Novosibirsk, Russia and Prof Konstantin Volcho, Department of Medical Chemistry, Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry, Novosibirsk, Russia.
Impact A paper draft is the result of the collaboration. Also, a collaborative proposal "New era of gold-mining" is under preparation where Russian team of scientists (PI - Prof Olga Shuvaeva, proposed funding body is RSCF (Russian Science Fund)) and Warwick team of biologists and chemists (proposed funding bodies - Entrust and NERC) will be working on recovery of gold from contaminated soil and waters.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Metals in Biology BBSRC NIBB 
Organisation Durham University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am a member of the Metals in Biology BBSRC NIBB
Collaborator Contribution Nigel Robinson leads this BBSRC NIBB
Impact Multidisciplinary network
Start Year 2014
 
Description Newcastle City Council 
Organisation Newcastle City Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of contaminated biomass.
Collaborator Contribution The Council has allowed us to grow certain crops on contaminated land, thereby providing us with contaminated biomass for our experiments
Impact Ongoing production of data.
Start Year 2015
 
Description PUT - IDSS collaboration 
Organisation Poznan University of Technology
Country Poland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We provided knowledge about exposure scenarios to nanomaterials synthesis
Collaborator Contribution IDSS offered wide expertise in Multiple Criteria Decision Aiding approach and methods
Impact Classification model for nanoparticles synthesis based on green chemistry principles implementation - Cinelli, M.; Coles, S. R.; Nadagouda, M. N.; Blaszczynski, J.; Slowinski, R.; Varma, R.S.; Kirwan, K. A green chemistry-based classification model for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Green Chemistry (IF: 8.020, Q1), 2015. 17: 2825-2839. Application of decision aiding technique for the development of guidelines to improve the risk management practices of nanomaterials generation. Work in progress includes the paper submitted for publication: Kadzinski, M.; Cinelli, M.; Ciomek, K; Coles, S. R.; Nadagouda, M. N.; Varma, R. S.; Kirwan, K. Co-constructive development of a green chemistry-based model for the performance assessment of nanoparticles synthesis. European Journal of Operational Research (IF: 2.358, Q1), 2016. Under review
Start Year 2014
 
Description SNO collaboration 
Organisation Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We provided knowledge about sustainability criteria framework development
Collaborator Contribution Access to network of sustainable nanotechnology experts
Impact Paper accepted for publication at Journal of Cleaner Production (DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.02.118)- A Framework of Criteria for the Sustainability Assessment of Nanoproducts Marco Cinelli1,*, Stuart R. Coles1, Omowunmi Sadik2, Barbara Karn3, Kerry Kirwan1,* 1 WMG, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK 2 Department of Chemistry, State University of New York, Binghamton, New York 13902, USA 3 Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization, 2020 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20006, USA
Start Year 2013
 
Description UNAM Collaboration 
Organisation National Autonomous University of Mexico
Country Mexico 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Personnel, equipment, expertise on biomass handling/conversion.
Collaborator Contribution Access to contaminated algal biomass, and experimental and analytical equipment at UNAM, Mexico City.
Impact Experimental work ongoing.
Start Year 2015
 
Description US EPA collaboration 
Organisation United States Environmental Protection Agency
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We provided knowledge in Multiple Criteria Decision Aiding
Collaborator Contribution The Sustainable Technology Division provided wide expertise in the green synthesis of nanomaterials
Impact The collaboration with the Sustainable Technology Division at U.S. EPA resulted in a classification model for nanoparticles synthesis based on green chemistry principles implementation - Cinelli, M.; Coles, S. R.; Nadagouda, M. N.; Blaszczynski, J.; Slowinski, R.; Varma, R.S.; Kirwan, K. A green chemistry-based classification model for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Green Chemistry (IF: 8.020, Q1), 2015. 17: 2825-2839. Work in progress includes the paper submitted for publication: Kadzinski, M.; Cinelli, M.; Ciomek, K; Coles, S. R.; Nadagouda, M. N.; Varma, R. S.; Kirwan, K. Co-constructive development of a green chemistry-based model for the performance assessment of nanoparticles synthesis. European Journal of Operational Research (IF: 2.358, Q1), 2016. Under review
Start Year 2014
 
Description 13th International Phytotechnologies Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Two research paper were selected for oral presentation:
1. Experimental and kinetic study of conversion parameters affecting the thermal behaviour of Pteris Vittata
2. LCA of Willow Cultivation on Contaminated Land and the Subsequent Biomass to Energy Conversion with Metal Recovery

Following the talk, there have been significant interest generated in the relevant research topic and made contacts with international institutions in Italy and China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://phytotechnologies2016.csp.escience.cn/dct/page/1
 
Description 15th International Symposium on Metal-Hydrogen Systems (MH2016), Switzerland, August 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Dan Reed gave a talk at the "15th International Symposium on Metal-Hydrogen Systems" (MH2016), which is the world largest conference on hydrogen in materials, in August 2016. He discussed how nanoscale nickel-based particles greatly reduce the temperature at which hydrogen desorbs from lithium borohydride (a prospective hydrogen storage material).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://mh2016.ch
 
Description 22nd European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (Hamburg, Germany) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact A poster about CL4W project was presented at the conference. Also, numerous prefessional contacts were established with the researchers abroad and in the UK.

As a result of the networking, a proposal for a small grant for £10,000 has been prepared to work within SUPERGEN Hub.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2014
 
Description BBC Radio 4 Today Show interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Live interview with John Humphries on Future Technologies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description BBC Radio Ulster Talkback interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact live interview with William Crawley on Future Technologies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description BBC news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Short interview and follow ups to enable research to be included in a abc news feature article
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-35279854
 
Description Cafe Sci 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Invited biotechnology debate panellist at a Cafe Sci event held as part of the Glasgow Science Festival, hosted by the Royal Society of Biology and the Biochemical Society. The event was publicised, tweeted live and later reported on by the Royal Society of Biology and the Biochemical Society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/events/cafescientifique/events/canwegivenewbiotechthegreenlight/
 
Description Chemreactor Conference (Delft, Netherlands) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact A talk on optimization of extraction process for degraded biomass was given to an audience of chemical engineers.

A possible collaborative work on the reported topic was discussed with Prof Rebrov which will eventually lead to cross-disciplinary research within Warwick University across the deparments and will lead to a publication within CL4W and other projects. A connection was established with Tomsk Polytechnical University (Tomsk, Russia) which will implement a students exchange programm in the nearest future between the University of Warwick and the aformentioned University. A collaboration was discussed with Prof Murzin from Abo University in Finland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Debate Panelist at RI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Biochemical Society and Royal Society of Biology ran a debate in collaboration as part of Biology Week entitled 'Synthetic Life: How far could it go? How far should it go?'. The debate was hosted by Dr Adam Rutherford, I was one of four panelists.
The debate is now on You Tube through the Royal Institution's website
https://www.rsb.org.uk/biologist-features/158-biologist/features/1405-synthetic-biology-can-we-should-we
http://www.bionews.org.uk/page_580228.asp
https://biochemicalsociety.wordpress.com/2015/10/16/synthetic-biology-defying-definition/
http://www.biochemist.org/bio/03706/0038/037060038.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YDbUYiTAMJU
 
Description Debate Panelist at iGEM Giant Jamboree 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Debate Panelist at iGEM Giant Jamboree, the final event held at the end of an international synthetic biology competition that has 2500+ participants. The highlight event was to discuss the gender disparities in iGEM and synthetic biology.
I have since taken part in a diversity advisory committee for the competition which has recommended changes to the competition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description E-MRS conference (Warsaw, Poland) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Dan Reed gave a talk at the E-MRS conference in Warsaw (September 2015) on the use of nanoscale nickel-based particles, to greatly reduce the temperature at which hydrogen desorbs from lithium borohydride (a prospective hydrogen storage material). This attracted significant interest, and follow-on studies are underway (and a draft paper is being prepared).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.european-mrs.com/2015-fall-symposium-c-european-materials-research-society
 
Description Engineered bacteria transforms toxic toxic metal ions into useful metallic nanoparticulates - The Azonano 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden Plants Could Clear Pollution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden Plants could clear pollution - News.com.au 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden plants clean land - The Press and Journal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden plants could clear pollution - Special Broadcasting Service 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden plants could clear pollution - Lancashire Telegraph 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden plants could clear pollution - PerthNow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden plants could clear pollution - The Courier Mail 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden plants could clear pollution - The Daily Telegraph (Australia) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden plants to be used against pollution - The Herald 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Garden plants to clean old factory sites - The Daily Telegraph 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Highlighting Synthetic Biology at the Edinburgh International Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Highlighting Synthetic Biology at a stand within the Museum while a room-sized balloon sculpture was being created and linking its creation to synthetic biology principles provoked many discussions and drew a lot of attention from visitors.

Asked to participate in the festival and highlight synthetic biology again the following year
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description ISBBB conference (Guelph, Canada) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact A talk was presented to a wide audience of the conference participants working in the area of materials and composites manufacturing.

The most important outcome of the activity is a paper to be published soon on the presented topic. New contacts with some international researchers were established which in the future potentilly could lead to collaborative work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description In Situ Remediation '14 Conference, London, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Project output was presented to a wide international audience from academia, industry and local athoritiey, which provided a good opportunity for promoting the project, networking and exchange of ideas.

The novelty of the project idea and perspective economic gain from land remediation project has attracted attention from Local authorities and industry. This has led to a collaboration with St Helens Metropolitan Borough council regarding a contaminated land site.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited talk at Chinese Academic of Sciences 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A invited talk ~ 15 academics at Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences followed by a visit to Beijing Jinghuan New Energy & Environmental Technology Co., Ltd. and meeting with company senior executives.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited talk at Hong Kong Polytechnic University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited by Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University to speak 'Resource and Energy Recovery in Integrated Phytoremediation Projects' to a audience of over 60 including postgraduate students and Univeristy staff members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited talk at Southeast University, Nanjing, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited by School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, (Nanjing, China) to deliver a talk on the 'Fate of elemental contaminants during biomass thermochemical process' to an audience of over 100 postgraduate students and staff members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Joint Northern Fora Contaminated Land Summer Conference, Leeds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker [Cost paid] to present 'State of Contaminated Land in England' at the Joint Northern Fora Contaminated Land Summer Conference, Leeds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.yclf.org.uk/download.php?docId=0000000157&inline=true
 
Description Nanoparticles; Plants that can detox waste lands will put poisons to good use - Life Science Weekly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Nanoparticles; Plants that can detox waste lands will put poisons to good use - Nanotechnology Weekly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Outreach event for schoolchildren 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The outreach event was organized within CORE project at Loughborough University. Our project was presented to 30 children in a joyful and interesting manner. Children learned through the presentation and activity how contaminated land can be cleaned with plants. At the same time all the postdoctoral fellows involved in the CL4W project learned how to prepare and orginise an outreach event for children.

Children expressed high interest in the project. The Cl4W project participants plan further improve their dissimination skills and also to promote the project by making a video. The participants produced interview records which will be further used for the project promotion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description PINNL Invited Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at PINNL, Holland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Plant plan to end pollution - The Daily Record 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Plants produce nanoparticles from detoxing waste lands - Nanowerk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Plants tackle pollution - The Northern Echo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Plants that can detox waste lands will put poisons to good use - Motley Fool 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Plants that can detox waste lands will put poisons to good use - Eurekalert 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Plants that can detox waste lands will put poisons to good use - Press trust of India 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Plants to detox land, generate nanoparticles 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Plants will 'suck up' wasteland pollution - Metro 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Plants will clean polluted land - The Eastern Daily Press 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Polluted land to be cleared by plants - The Yorkshire Post 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Polluted land to get a green clean - The Scotsman 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper Article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description RCUK Energy Programme SAC meeting (14th October, 2014), Manchester, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The researcher (Dr. Ying Jiang) was invited as a early career researcher to join a team representing the UK bioenergy research consortium. This is good oppotunity to speak to RCUK Energy Programme Scientific Advisory Committee and influence priorities for funding and strategy in energy research.

The Scientific Advisory Committee was informed the importance of bioenergy research and potential option to integrate bioenergy with other thematic research activates, e.g. plant based land remediation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio Scotland Breakfast Show live interview about the 'Cleaning Land for Wealth' project

Received a number of emails interested in my work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Research featured in a display at the Edinburgh International Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research on nanoparticle creation featured in a display at the Edinburgh International Science Festival to highlight the uses of synthetic biology and in particular is application in cleaning land and treating whisky waste.

This work has been used as examples of how Synthetic Biology could be used to benefit the Scottish economy in a report released by the Scottish Scientific Advisory Council
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Scientists enlist plants in fight against pollution - The Western Daily Press 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description TEDx Salon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
It should have been available on the internet after for further use but the organisers of the event have currently misplaced the video.

This public engagement activity was in-part responsible for an invitation to speak about my public engagement experiences as an after dinner speaker at another event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://tedxuniversityofedinburgh.com/salon/
 
Description UK Science and Innovation Network on remediation of contaminated land with heavy metals, Beijing, China (5th Nov, 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The researcher was invited to be a keynote speaker at the 'Workshop for accelerating Sino-UK collaborative exchange in land remediation- towards sustainable land management for heavy metal pollution control". This provided a excellent opportunity for exchanging ideas on current funded project. The audience include leading Chinese academics working in the area of Heavy metal pollution remediation, therefore it offers good platform for future internationally collaborations.

A discussion with academic from a leading Chinese University (Southeast University, Nanjing, China) regarding the project has led to a potential collaboration to develop the CL4W project in China and take advantage of the REE and other critical metal mining activity in China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Westminster Energy forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description World Biomarkets Expo and Conference (Netherlands) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact The talk sparked questions and led to establishing new contacts with industry and other reseach institutions in Europe and the USA. The panel discussion also provided opportunity to share our experience and establish contacts with SITA, waste management company in the UK.

A small advisory report on enzymatic degradation of biomass was generated for a company in the USA. A review of the project was requested by a representative of BASF company. The reseacrh activity at Warwick in general, and WMG in particular obtained wide publicity during the event. Future collaborative students projects and funding were discussed with the representative of SITA company.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description media interest 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The press release on the 4/3/13 - Dr Louise Horsfall uses garden plants to clean contaminated soil
Was picked up by:
(The Bolton News) (Lancashire Telegraph) (The Western Daily Press) (The Herald) (The Scotsman) (The Daily Record) (Metro) (The Press and Journal) (The Eastern Daily Press) (The Northern Echo) (The Yorkshire Post) (The Daily Telegraph) (NBC News) (Nanowerk) (Azonano) (Motley Fool) (Press Trust of India) (Eurekalert) (Nanotechnology Weekly) (Life Science Weekly) (News.com.au) (Special Broadcasting Service) (The Courier Mail) (The Daily Telegraph (Australia)) (PerthNow)


I was invited for interview on the BBC Radio Scotland Breakfast Show
I received emails from researchers around the world interested in my research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013