EXHUME - Efficient X-sector use of HeterogeneoUs MatErials in Manufacturing

Lead Research Organisation: Cranfield University
Department Name: School of Water, Energy and Environment

Abstract

Composite materials represent the future landscape for many industries. The possibility of combining better mechanical strength and reduced weight make composites the material of choice in transportation allowing unique design and functionalities in combination with high fuel efficiency. However, the increased use of composites, automatically leads to waste, either end-of-life or manufacturing waste. It is estimated that in the EU by 2015 end of life composite waste will reach 251,000 tonnes and production waste will achieve 53,000 tonnes. The composites industry, (in particular carbon fibre) is under increasing pressure to provide viable recycling technology for their materials. This is the case because the European Commission has controlled landfill and incineration of these materials.

Through research and development of novel recycling and re-manufacture processes, this EXHUME project will provide a step-change in composites resource efficiency. These composite materials evoke difficult scientific and technical recycling challenges due to the mixed nature of their composition. The project will demonstrate to the waste industry, vital re-manufacturing science and chemical/process engineering. It will develop the first data sets and exemplars of mixed composite processing and associated resource footprints that can be used to drive the future of scrap re-use across industrial sectors.

This project is pioneering in that it:
i) Is the first cross-sector research-inspired use of heterogeneous scrap material in manufacture.
ii) Develops novel transformation technologies to process thermoset and thermoplastic composites.
iii) Develops a fundamental understanding of microstructure-property relationship in scrap material and in manufacturing process science.
iv) Provides vital support to companies to exploit the scrap re-manufacturing technology.
v) Evaluates the energy and resource efficiency of composite, re-processing, re-use and re-manufacture assessing the environmental impact and business case.

Planned Impact

This project provides the first known case of resource efficiency based optimisation of manufacturing processes for transforming and reusing heterogeneous scarp materials. Clarifying the underlying and limiting scientific principles for re-manufacturing at this early stage will provide essential input to a roadmap for end of life options for composites. The main economic beneficiaries of this project are the manufacturers of composites structures, end users of composite structures, waste treatment companies (including the SMEs), and ICT companies involved in the computer-aided design and manufacture of composites structures. This project will also have environmental and social benefits through more efficient composites manufacturing processes in terms of energy and material usage, leading to reduced waste-related health hazards. Finally, the academic beneficiaries are the research communities working in the areas of composites manufacturing, materials science, engineering optimisation, resource modelling and waste treatment.

The vision of this research is to become internationally leading in technologies for separation of heterogeneous materials in manufacturing. Successful delivery of this project will: (i) give confidence to the manufacturers of composites to continue development of lightweight structures, (ii) solve long-term legacy issues of composites waste and address legislation - the whole composites industry could decline if these issues are not addressed, (iii) demonstrate to the waste industry that their current approaches lack vital manufacturing and chemical/process engineering, (iv) develop the first data sets and exemplars of heterogeneous composites processing and associated resource footprints that can be used to drive the future of scrap reuse, and (v) open up a new SME-driven manufacturing sector in scrap processing using resource efficiency as a competitive and environmental advantage. This research will deliver a transformative increase in scrap material reuse in composites industry and bring major environmental benefits to the UK. This research fits with and complements other major research activities in the area: (i) NISP (WRAP) focuses on 'quick fix' solutions for ready-to-use scrap, whereas this project goes beyond and focuses on materials characterisation and remanufacturing process optimisation. (ii) EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Industrial Sustainability focuses on systems level approaches, whereas this project focuses on materials science and manufacturing technology based bottom-up solutions. (iii) EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Additive Manufacturing, EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Composites and NCC focus on manufacturing from virgin material input, whereas this project focuses on reuse of composite materials. (iv) OEM initiatives focus on intra company opportunities, whereas this project undertakes a cross-sector investigation.

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
EP/K026348/1 01/03/2013 03/04/2016 £1,416,867
EP/K026348/2 Transfer EP/K026348/1 04/04/2016 03/10/2016 £96,888
 
Description Technologies to recycle fibre reinforced composite materials have been evaluated in terms of performance and Life Cycle Impact. This has informed academe and industry the best routes to deal with composite waste generated in manufacturing and at end-of-life. We are currently working with industry to take the results into a commercial environment.
Exploitation Route There has been engagement with industry as a result of the research outputs. Industry are actively conducting some scale trials to assess the use of our technologies on their products. We are working with resin manufacturers and automotive Tier 1 and OEMS to take this research forward. The results have also been used by strategists and NGOs to guide future research investment in composites.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Chemicals,Construction,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Transport

 
Description The research has informed numerous companies working in the reinforces fibre composites space. It has also guided NGOs and government bodies to assess the options for manufacturing waste and end-of-life composites. Two of the companies have invested in further research - one to develop recyclable resins and the other two use recycled fibres in family cars. These tests are at an early stage. One of the companies has invested in a new pilot-scale facility to process sufficient quantities of recycled materials for prototype trials.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Chemicals,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Transport,Other
Impact Types Economic

 
Description EPSRC Strategy Resource Efficiency
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Ellen MacArthur Foundation - Advisor to New Plastics Economy
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund Workshop
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Sharing good practice - onshore wind repowering, Scottish Natural Heritage
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Title Counting Carbon Fibres by Impedance Measurement 
Description Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) has been used to measure the diameter of single carbon fibres to within 3% of the actual value measured by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The precision of the technique developed also allows for the accurate determination of the number of fibres present in a carbon fibre bundle, such data are important for the calculation of fibre tensile strength from the tensile force applied to carbon fibre bundles. The impedance of a single carbon fibre and carbon fibre bundles of up to 20 fibres have been measured, with results showing good agreement with theoretical values. The impedance of multiple lengths of carbon fibres ranging from 80-300 mm has also been studied, with the impedance being directly proportional to the fibre length, as per electrical theory. This technique will be suitable for determining the number of fibres in a virgin or recycled carbon fibre bundle. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The technique provides the user with the average tensile strength of the carbon fibres tested. In doing so, the mechanical testing of individual carbon fibres is alleviated and the mechanical testing of fibre bundles is possible. This is a significant step forward in standardising recycled fibres given that the attractive mechanical qualities of carbon fibre are often associated with fibre bundles and seldom individual fibres 
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359835X14003273
 
Description New Industrial Partnerships arising from EXHUME project (Apr 2016 - Still Active) 
Organisation Cytec Industries
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Processing of composite waste provided by industrialists; transfer of technology
Collaborator Contribution Provision of specific materials, in-kind materials and technology transfer
Impact Prototype recycled materials and process development
Start Year 2016
 
Description New Industrial Partnerships arising from EXHUME project (Apr 2016 - Still Active) 
Organisation Land Rover Ben Ainslie Racing
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Processing of composite waste provided by industrialists; transfer of technology
Collaborator Contribution Provision of specific materials, in-kind materials and technology transfer
Impact Prototype recycled materials and process development
Start Year 2016
 
Description New Industrial Partnerships arising from EXHUME project (Apr 2016 - Still Active) 
Organisation SOLVAY SA (Commercial Partner)
Country Belgium 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Processing of composite waste provided by industrialists; transfer of technology
Collaborator Contribution Provision of specific materials, in-kind materials and technology transfer
Impact Prototype recycled materials and process development
Start Year 2016
 
Description New Industrial Partnerships arising from EXHUME project (Apr 2016 - Still Active) 
Organisation Scott Bader Co Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Processing of composite waste provided by industrialists; transfer of technology
Collaborator Contribution Provision of specific materials, in-kind materials and technology transfer
Impact Prototype recycled materials and process development
Start Year 2016
 
Description New Industrial Partnerships arising from EXHUME project (Apr 2016 - Still Active) 
Organisation Toyota Tsusho Corporation
Country Japan 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Processing of composite waste provided by industrialists; transfer of technology
Collaborator Contribution Provision of specific materials, in-kind materials and technology transfer
Impact Prototype recycled materials and process development
Start Year 2016
 
Description Article in Observatoire del Plastico Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Media Coverage with specialist press. Article in Observatoire del Plastico Magazine (Italian Magazine) about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Advising Al Andalus Trading Ltd 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussion on the technical ability to recycle wind turbine blades at End-of-Life
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Advising IHS Markit Consulting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dialogue with consultancy company. Client was scoping potential of using recycled carbon fibre in automotive applications. Discussion on current state-of-the-art of carbon fibre processing and supply chain. THe information was relayed to the client and are awaiting next steps
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Article in Birmingham Mail 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article in Birmingham Mail about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article in Composites World Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Media Coverage with specialist press. Article in Composites World Magazine about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.compositesworld.com/news/recycled-carbon-fiber-to-be-featured-in-125-mile-canoe-race
 
Description Article in Droitwich Spa Advertiser 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article in Droitwich Spa Advertiser about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article in Express and Star newspaper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article in Express and Star newspaper about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article in JEC Composites Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Media Coverage with specialist press. Article in JEC Composites Magazine about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.jeccomposites.com/knowledge/international-composites-news/racing-kayak-made-out-recycled-...
 
Description Article in Plastics and Rubber Weekly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Media Coverage with specialist press. Article in Plastics and Rubber Weekly about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article in Recycling and Waste World Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Media Coverage with specialist press. Article in Recycling and Waste World Magazine about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.recyclingwasteworld.co.uk/people/academics-create-high-performance-racing-kayak-out-of-re...
 
Description Article in South Africa SA Plastics Composites & Rubber magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Media Coverage with specialist press. Article in South Africa SA Plastics Composites & Rubber Magazine about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article in The Chemical Engineer Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Interviewed for an article in The Chemical Engineer magazine Sep 2016 Issue 903. Article entitled "Whatever Floats your Boat". Originated from EPSRC blog. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article in Worcester Evening News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article in Worcester Evening News about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article in the Institute of Mining Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Media Coverage with specialist press. Article in Institute of Mining Magazine about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.iom3.org/news/2016/mar/16/exhume-team-creating-kayak-recycled-carbon-fibre-international-...
 
Description BBC Radio Hereford & Worcester Breakfast Show 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview on radio station about manufacturing a kayak from recycled composite material. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Compere at UK Green Film Festival Premier Screening of Trashed (Jeremy Irons/Vangelis), MAC Arts Centre, Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The film inspired lots of questions from the audience on the recycling of waste which I answered in the discussion session afterwards

The public left the discussion feeling better informed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2013
 
Description Composites Engineering Show Nov 2014 (Geraldine Oliveux) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

to early to assess
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Composites Recycling - Where are we now? In Composites UK Trade magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Article in UK Composites trade magazine. Has led to enquiries from UK and Spanish companies about recycling and re-use of composite waste
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://compositesuk.co.uk/communication/news/new-report-composites-recycling-launched
 
Description Contribution to White paper prepared by Sirris Leuven-Gent Composites Application Lab 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Contribution to White paper prepared by Sirris Leuven-Gent Composites Application Lab about manufacturing a kayak from aerospace composite waste. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.slc-lab.be/news/composites-more-matter-choice-download-our-white-papers-now
 
Description Deutsche Bank-Intelligence Squared Debate 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Talk sparked discussion and press interest

Debate was chaired by Ann McElvoy and posted on youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o5V83YsLjFM The video has been viewed over 1350 times.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description ECCM 17 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference organiser and session Chair at European Conference in Composite Materials in Munich. Session developer for Recycling and Sustainabilty
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2016
URL http://www.eccm17.org/topics-sessions-46.html
 
Description ELG Recycling Event, ELG Carbon Fibre, West Mids 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation on the re-processing of composite waste. Demonstrated to industry the technologies and considerations of moving this into a commercial setting. Led to contact with major industry and follow-on industrial funding
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description EPSRC Pioneer Magazine Issue 16 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interviewd for an article in the EPSRC Pioneer magazine. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.epsrc.ac.uk/newsevents/pubs/pioneer16/
 
Description EPSRC blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Blog written for EPSRC website. The technology was taken out of the lab to create a kayak made from aerospace waste and competed in the 125 mile Devizes to Westminster Canoe. race. The article demonstrated a different approach to demonstrate the impact of research. There was increased interest in my research and led to an uptake of the research by other media channels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.epsrc.ac.uk/blog/kayaktakesflight/
 
Description Exhibited at Advanced Engineering Show NEC 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The EXHUME team exhibited their research at the Show in order to showcase the viability of using recycled composite waste. Numerous recycled composite objects were exhibited that had been developed in the EXHUME project; these included recycled fibres and panels together with supporting posters, literature and a video. There was a large amount of interest from industry. Since the show we have followed up several leads and are now planning future research initiatives. The project was funded by CORE (EP/K026429/1) the overarching outreach project for the projects funded by the resource efficiency sandpit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.core-community.net/news/
 
Description Industry Focus Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Over 20 companies attended the industrial focus day. The aim was to showcase the EXHUME project and for industry to feedback to guide future research activities. Industrialists from the Netherlands also attended the one day event. Since the day there has been continued engagement with some of the industrialists which have shaped research in the EXHUME project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited Keynote talk at GOCarbon Fibre 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Gary Leeke presented at this industry focussed. His presentation gave an overview of the EXHUME research and other state-of-the-art developments in the field of composites recycling. The audience was primarily from industry. Since the event Gary has been contacted by Toyota Tsubo to conduct a research trial. He is also advising the organisers for GOCarbon Fibre 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited Presentation at the SGM5- Fifth EPSRC Sustainable Global Manufacturing Network Meeting, Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Presentation by Prof Mativenga on EXHUME research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited Presentation: Presentation by Professor PauL Mativenga at 4th EPSRC Global Sustainable Manufacturing Network Meeting SGM4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sparked questions and discussion afterwards. China funding obtained from MOSI for development of Remanufacturing Standard led by Dr Yan Wang at Brighton.

none reported
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited plenary presentation at 3rd World Congress and Expo on Recycling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Plenary presentation at Recycling Expo, Berlin. Interest from industry about disposal routes for composites
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited talk at Franco-British Symposium on Composite Materials 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited presentation of recycling of composite waste at the French Embassy in London. This is a new initiative to foster new and closer research ties with France. The presentation led to debate in the audience and the development of a consortium for H2020 projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited talk at Nangyang Polytechnic, Singapore (Innovation Solutions to Waste) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Talked sparked questions and debate from participants

Applications from students to study in the UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited talk at University of Sydney 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

After my talk there was interest in engagement in recycling of composites
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Keynote talk at EPSRC Materials KTN Materials Research Event, Coventry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Numerous questions and discussion from the audience

Industry better informed about End-of-Life of composites
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Net Composites - Design for the End of Life of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials (Talks by Jack Howarth and Justyna Rybicka) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

none measured
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Panel Debate at Resource Efficiency and Waste Management Conference, NEC, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

Interest from industry and academy in the debate topic
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Press Release in Perspectives Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Press release. No direct measure

No direct measure
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Research Engagement with local Schools at CORE Event, Loughborough University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The importance of composites and the routes to recycle composites was discussed in a workshop environment with children from local schools in the Loughborough area. Many children did not know the importance and usefulness of fibre reinforced composites. The workshop opened their eyes to composites and the difficulties around their recyclability.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Supporting the UK Supply Chain - Composites UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation to the Composites Industry on recyling and End-of-life strategies for composite waste. Audience was largely industry based. Discussions continued with industrial participants throughout the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://compositesuk.co.uk/events/supporting-uk-supply-chain-annual-conference-2016